The following is a
timeline of the history of the city of Basra, Iraq.
Prior to 16th century [ edit ]
16th-19th centuries [ edit ]
Ottomans in power. 1547 -
Basra Eyalet (administrative region) formed. 1556 - Portuguese attempt to take city.
1596 - Afrasiyab becomes governor.
1604 - Population: 50,000 (approximate); number of houses: 10,000 (approximate).
1645 - English factory in business.
Muntafiq tribes in power. 1733 - City becomes part of
Baghdad Eyalet (administrative region). 1763 -
British East India Company in business. 1773 - Epidemic.
1777 - City besieged by Persian forces led by
Sadiq Khan Zand. 1779 - Turks in power.
1823 - Population: 55,000 (approximate).
Muhammad Ali of Egypt in power. 1840 - Turks in power.
1865 - Baghdad-Basra telegraph begins operating.
Basra Vilayet (administrative region) formed.
20th century [ edit ]
1901 - Consulate of
Russia established. 1910 - Cholera and bubonic plague outbreak.
Germany established. Cholera epidemic.
1913 - Reform Society of Basra founded.
Battle of Basra (1914); British in power. 1915 - April: Turkish forces attempt to take city.
1919 - Baghdad-Basra Railway in operation.
Uprising against British occupation.
Population: 40,000 (approximate).
1947 - Population: 101,535.
 1964 -
University of Basrah established. 1965 - Population: 310,950.
 1967 -
Basrah Medical College established. 1982 - July: Iranian forces
attempt to take city. 1984 - Iranian forces attempt to take city.
January–February: Iranian forces
attempt to take city. Population: 406,296.
25 January: Bombing by United States forces.
21st century [ edit ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
Bibliography [ edit ]
in English [ edit ]
Published in 19th century
James Hingston Tuckey (1815). "Bussora". Maritime Geography and Statistics. London: Black, Parry, and Co.
Jedidiah Morse; Richard C. Morse (1823), "Bassora", A New Universal Gazetteer (4th ed.), New Haven: S. Converse
William Milburn; Thomas Thornton (1825). "Bussorah". Oriental Commerce. London: Kingsbury, Parbury, and Allen.
J. R. Wellsted (1840), "(Busrah)", Travels to the City of the Caliphs, along the Shores of the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean, London: H. Colburn, OCLC 5395027
"Bassora". Ainsworth's Magazine. London. 1846.
Al Hariri of Basra (1850). "The Makamah of the Mosque Beni Haram". Makamat: Or, Rhetorical Anecdotes. Translated by Theodore Preston. London: Oriental Translation Fund. . Also: The Makamah of Basra.
James Horsburgh (1852). "Persian Gulf: Basra". India Directory: Or, Directions for Sailing to and from the East Indies, China, Australia, and the Interjacent Ports of Africa and South America (6th ed.). London: William H. Allen & Co. – via Google Books.
Edward Balfour, ed. (1871). "Bassorah". Cyclopaedia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia (2nd ed.). Madras.
Published in 20th century
Pedro Teixeira (1902), "(Basora)", Travels of Pedro Teixeira, translated by William F. Sinclair, London: Printed for the Hakluyt Society
Guy Le Strange (1905). "(Al-Basrah)". Lands of the Eastern Caliphate. Cambridge University Press.
"Basra", (11th ed.), New York, 1910, Encyclopædia Britannica OCLC 14782424 – via Internet Archive
Hamdallah Mustawfi (1910). . Translated by Edward G Browne. Tarikh-i guzida . (Includes description of Basra in the 14th century)
R. Hartmann (1913). "al-Basra". . Brill. Encyclopaedia of Islam
"Al Basra". Persian Gulf Pilot. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1920.
A. J. Naji; Y. N. Ali (1981). "The Suqs of Basrah: Commercial Organization and Activity in a Medieval Islamic City". Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient. 24.
Eliezer Tauber (1989). "Sayyid Talib and the Young Turks in Basra". Middle Eastern Studies. 25.
Khoury (1992). "Iraqi Cities during the Early Ottoman Period: Mosul and Basra". Arab Historical Review for Ottoman Studies.
Published in 21st century
Thabit A. J. Abdullah (2001), Merchants, Mamluks, and Murder: The Political Economy of Trade in Eighteenth-Century Basra, State University of New York Press, ISBN 9780791448076, 079144807X
Soli Shahvar (2003). "Tribes and Telegraphs in Lower Iraq: The Muntafiq and the Baghdad-Basrah Telegraph Line of 1863-65". Middle Eastern Studies. 39.
Rudi Matthee (2006). "Between Arabs, Turks and Iranians: The Town of Basra, 1600-1700". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. 69. doi: 10.1017/s0041977x06000036.
Josef W. Meri, ed. (2006). "Basra". Medieval Islamic Civilization. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-96691-7.
C. Edmund Bosworth, ed. (2007). "Basra". Historic Cities of the Islamic World. Leiden: Koninklijke Brill. p. 49+.
Bruce Stanley (2008), "Basrah", in Michael R.T. Dumper; Bruce E. Stanley, Cities of the Middle East and North Africa, Santa Barbara, USA: ABC-CLIO, p. 72+
Gabor Agoston; Bruce Alan Masters (2009). "Basra". Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. Facts on File. ISBN 978-1-4381-1025-7.
"Basra". Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art & Architecture. Oxford University Press. 2009.
in other languages [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]
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Coordinates: 30°30′N 47°49′E / 30.500°N 47.817°E