Timeline of Basra

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Basra, Iraq.

Prior to 16th century[edit]

Part of a series on the
History of Iraq
Great Mosque of Samarra
Bronze Age
Iron Age
Middle Ages
Early modern period
Modern Iraq
Flag of Iraq.svg Iraq portal

16th-19th centuries[edit]

20th century[edit]

21st century[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Stanley 2008.
  2. ^ a b Naji 1981.
  3. ^ a b Grove 2009.
  4. ^ a b c d Abdullah 2001.
  5. ^ a b c Le Strange 1905.
  6. ^ Matthee 2006.
  7. ^ a b Britannica 1910.
  8. ^ a b c Hartmann 1913.
  9. ^ Morse 1823.
  10. ^ Shahvar 2003.
  11. ^ a b c US GPO 1920.
  12. ^ Tauber 1989.
  13. ^ "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1955. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations.
  14. ^ United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1976). "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1975. New York. pp. 253–279.
  15. ^ United Nations Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, Statistics Division (1997). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1995 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 262–321.
  16. ^ "Second Sunni Mosque Is Blown Up in Basra". New York Times. 16 June 2007. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  17. ^ "UK troops return Basra to Iraqis". BBC News. 16 December 2007. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  18. ^ "Basrah". Inter-Agency Information and Analysis Unit. Retrieved 2 February 2013.
  19. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica Book of the Year. 2013. ISBN 978-1-62513-103-4.


in English[edit]

Published in 19th century
Published in 20th century
  • Pedro Teixeira (1902), "(Basora)", Travels of Pedro Teixeira, translated by William F. Sinclair, London: Printed for the Hakluyt Society
  • Guy Le Strange (1905). "(Al-Basrah)". Lands of the Eastern Caliphate. Cambridge University Press.
  • "Basra", Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York, 1910, OCLC 14782424 – via Internet Archive
  • Hamdallah Mustawfi (1910). Tarikh-i guzida. Translated by Edward G Browne.. (Includes description of Basra in the 14th century)
  • R. Hartmann (1913). "al-Basra". Encyclopaedia of Islam. Brill.
  • "Al Basra". Persian Gulf Pilot. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1920.
  • A. J. Naji; Y. N. Ali (1981). "The Suqs of Basrah: Commercial Organization and Activity in a Medieval Islamic City". Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient. 24.
  • Eliezer Tauber (1989). "Sayyid Talib and the Young Turks in Basra". Middle Eastern Studies. 25.
  • Khoury (1992). "Iraqi Cities during the Early Ottoman Period: Mosul and Basra". Arab Historical Review for Ottoman Studies.
Published in 21st century
  • Thabit A. J. Abdullah (2001), Merchants, Mamluks, and Murder: The Political Economy of Trade in Eighteenth-Century Basra, State University of New York Press, ISBN 9780791448076, 079144807X
  • Soli Shahvar (2003). "Tribes and Telegraphs in Lower Iraq: The Muntafiq and the Baghdad-Basrah Telegraph Line of 1863-65". Middle Eastern Studies. 39.
  • Rudi Matthee (2006). "Between Arabs, Turks and Iranians: The Town of Basra, 1600-1700". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. 69. doi:10.1017/s0041977x06000036.
  • Josef W. Meri, ed. (2006). "Basra". Medieval Islamic Civilization. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-96691-7.
  • C. Edmund Bosworth, ed. (2007). "Basra". Historic Cities of the Islamic World. Leiden: Koninklijke Brill. p. 49+.
  • Bruce Stanley (2008), "Basrah", in Michael R.T. Dumper; Bruce E. Stanley, Cities of the Middle East and North Africa, Santa Barbara, USA: ABC-CLIO, p. 72+
  • Gabor Agoston; Bruce Alan Masters (2009). "Basra". Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. Facts on File. ISBN 978-1-4381-1025-7.
  • "Basra". Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art & Architecture. Oxford University Press. 2009.

in other languages[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°30′N 47°49′E / 30.500°N 47.817°E / 30.500; 47.817