Timeline of Basra

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For the town in Jordan, see Bozrah. For the town in Syria, see Bosra.
Part of a series on the
History of Iraq
Detail from the Ishtar Gate
Ancient Mesopotamia
Classical antiquity
Middle Ages
Early modern period
Modern Iraq

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Basra, Iraq.

Prior to 20th century[edit]

20th century[edit]

21st century[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Bruce Stanley (2008), "Basrah", in Michael R.T. Dumper; Bruce E. Stanley, Cities of the Middle East and North Africa, Santa Barbara, USA: ABC-CLIO, p. 72+ 
  2. ^ a b A. J. Naji; Y. N. Ali (1981). "The Suqs of Basrah: Commercial Organization and Activity in a Medieval Islamic City". Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient. 24. 
  3. ^ a b "Basra". Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art & Architecture. Oxford University Press. 2009. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Thabit A. J. Abdullah (2001), Merchants, Mamluks, and Murder: The Political Economy of Trade in Eighteenth-Century Basra, State University of New York Press, ISBN 9780791448076, 079144807X 
  5. ^ a b c d R. Hartmann (1913). "al-Basra". Encyclopaedia of Islam. Leiden. 
  6. ^ a b c Guy Le Strange (1905). "(Al-Basrah)". Lands of the Eastern Caliphate. Cambridge University Press. 
  7. ^ Rudi Matthee (2006). "Between Arabs, Turks and Iranians: The Town of Basra, 1600-1700". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. 69. doi:10.1017/s0041977x06000036. 
  8. ^ Pedro Teixeira (1902), "(Basora)", The travels of Pedro Teixeira, translated by William F. Sinclair, London: Printed for the Hakluyt Society 
  9. ^ a b "Basra", Encyclopaedia Britannica (11th ed.), New York, 1910, OCLC 14782424 
  10. ^ Jedidiah Morse; Richard C. Morse (1823), "Bassora", A New Universal Gazetteer (4th ed.), New Haven: S. Converse 
  11. ^ Soli Shahvar (2003). "Tribes and Telegraphs in Lower Iraq: The Muntafiq and the Baghdad-Basrah Telegraph Line of 1863-65". Middle Eastern Studies. 39. 
  12. ^ a b c "Al Basra". Persian Gulf Pilot. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1920. 
  13. ^ Eliezer Tauber (1989). "Sayyid Talib and the Young Turks in Basra". Middle Eastern Studies. 25. 
  14. ^ "Second Sunni Mosque Is Blown Up in Basra". New York Times. 16 June 2007. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  15. ^ "UK troops return Basra to Iraqis". BBC News. 16 December 2007. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  16. ^ "Basrah". Inter-Agency Information and Analysis Unit. Retrieved 2 February 2013. 
  17. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica Book of the Year. 2013. ISBN 978-1-62513-103-4. 

Further reading[edit]

Published in the 17th-19th century
Published in the 20th century
Published in the 21st century

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°30′N 47°49′E / 30.500°N 47.817°E / 30.500; 47.817