Timeline of Basra

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For the town in Jordan, see Bozrah. For the town in Syria, see Bosra.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Basra, Iraq.

Prior to 16th century[edit]

Part of a series on the
History of Iraq
Detail from the Ishtar Gate
Ancient Mesopotamia
Classical antiquity
Middle Ages
Early modern period
Modern Iraq
Flag of Iraq.svg Iraq portal

16th-19th centuries[edit]

20th century[edit]

21st century[edit]

See also[edit]

Other cities in Iraq:


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Stanley 2008.
  2. ^ a b Naji 1981.
  3. ^ a b Grove 2009.
  4. ^ a b c d Abdullah 2001.
  5. ^ a b c Le Strange 1905.
  6. ^ Matthee 2006.
  7. ^ a b Britannica 1910.
  8. ^ a b c Hartmann 1913.
  9. ^ Morse 1823.
  10. ^ Shahvar 2003.
  11. ^ a b c US GPO 1920.
  12. ^ Tauber 1989.
  13. ^ "Second Sunni Mosque Is Blown Up in Basra". New York Times. 16 June 2007. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  14. ^ "UK troops return Basra to Iraqis". BBC News. 16 December 2007. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  15. ^ "Basrah". Inter-Agency Information and Analysis Unit. Retrieved 2 February 2013. 
  16. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica Book of the Year. 2013. ISBN 978-1-62513-103-4. 


in English[edit]

Published in the 19th century
Published in the 20th century
  • Pedro Teixeira (1902), "(Basora)", Travels of Pedro Teixeira, translated by William F. Sinclair, London: Printed for the Hakluyt Society 
  • Guy Le Strange (1905). "(Al-Basrah)". Lands of the Eastern Caliphate. Cambridge University Press. 
  • "Basra", Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York, 1910, OCLC 14782424 – via Internet Archive 
  • Hamdallah Mustawfi (1910). Tarikh-i guzida. Translated by Edward G Browne. . (Includes description of Basra in the 14th century)
  • R. Hartmann (1913). "al-Basra". Encyclopaedia of Islam. Brill. 
  • "Al Basra". Persian Gulf Pilot. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1920. 
  • A. J. Naji; Y. N. Ali (1981). "The Suqs of Basrah: Commercial Organization and Activity in a Medieval Islamic City". Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient. 24. 
  • Eliezer Tauber (1989). "Sayyid Talib and the Young Turks in Basra". Middle Eastern Studies. 25. 
  • Khoury (1992). "Iraqi Cities during the Early Ottoman Period: Mosul and Basra". Arab Historical Review for Ottoman Studies. 
Published in the 21st century
  • Thabit A. J. Abdullah (2001), Merchants, Mamluks, and Murder: The Political Economy of Trade in Eighteenth-Century Basra, State University of New York Press, ISBN 9780791448076, 079144807X 
  • Soli Shahvar (2003). "Tribes and Telegraphs in Lower Iraq: The Muntafiq and the Baghdad-Basrah Telegraph Line of 1863-65". Middle Eastern Studies. 39. 
  • Rudi Matthee (2006). "Between Arabs, Turks and Iranians: The Town of Basra, 1600-1700". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. 69. doi:10.1017/s0041977x06000036. 
  • Josef W. Meri, ed. (2006). "Basra". Medieval Islamic Civilization. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-96691-7. 
  • C Edmund Bosworth, ed. (2007). "Basra". Historic Cities of the Islamic World. Leiden: Koninklijke Brill. p. 49+. 
  • Bruce Stanley (2008), "Basrah", in Michael R.T. Dumper; Bruce E. Stanley, Cities of the Middle East and North Africa, Santa Barbara, USA: ABC-CLIO, p. 72+ 
  • Gabor Agoston; Bruce Alan Masters (2009). "Basra". Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. Facts on File. ISBN 978-1-4381-1025-7. 
  • "Basra". Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art & Architecture. Oxford University Press. 2009. 

in other languages[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°30′N 47°49′E / 30.500°N 47.817°E / 30.500; 47.817