This is a timeline of the
history of the city of Gloucester, Massachusetts, USA.
Prior to 19th century [ edit ]
19th century [ edit ]
1800s-1850s [ edit ]
First Universalist Church built on Middle Street, 1806 (photo 1930s)
Procter Bros., publishers, est. 1857
Annisquam Harbor Light erected. 1805 - Daily Boston-Gloucester stagecoach begins operating.
1806 - First Universalist Church built.
 1808 - First Baptist Church founded.
1819 - Nearby
Essex incorporated as a town.  1821 -
Ten Pound Island Light erected. 1827 -
Gloucester Telegraph newspaper begins publication. 1828 - First Parish Church built on Middle Street.
Gloucester Lyceum and Lanesville Congregational Church established. 30 September: Fire.
Population: 7,510.  1831 -
Eastern Point Light erected. 1832 - Gloucester Circulating Library, Front Street, in operation.
 1834 -
Gloucester Democrat newspaper begins publication. 1835 -
Straitsmouth Island Light erected. 1836 - Female Charitable Society organized.
Methodist Church built.
Congregationalist Ladies' Sewing Circle organized. 1839 - Annisquam Universalist Ladies' Sewing Circle organized.
Part of Gloucester becomes the new town of
Rockport. Population: 6,350.  1842 - Lane's Cove Pier Co. formed.
Cape Ann Light newspaper begins publication. 1844 - Town Hall built.
1845 - Odd Fellows Ocean Lodge established.
Railway begins operating.
Gloucester Mutual Fishing Insurance Co., Gloucester Marine Insurance Co., and Annisquam Mutual Fire Insurance Co. incorporated.
Artist Fitz Hugh Lane moves to town. 1848
Gloucester News newspaper begins publication. Mount Adnah Cemetery organized. 1849 -
Fitz Henry Lane house and Pavilion Hotel built.  1850
Burnham Brothers Marine Railway built.
 Population: 7,786.  1851 - Cape Ann Savings Bank incorporated.
1852 - Company G., 8th Regiment organized.
1853 - Gloucester Gas Light Company in business.
Oak Grove Cemetery, Independent Sons of Temperance, and Cape Ann Bank established.
Cape Ann Advertiser newspaper begins publication. 1857
Procter Brothers in business.
 Citizens' Library Association organized. 1858
Police court, Cape Ann Telegraph Co., Congregationalist Young Ladies' Society, and Congregationalist Ladies' Society at the Cove established.
East Gloucester Baptist Church built. 1859
Gloucester Fishermen's Widow's and Orphan's Fund Society; Sons of Temperance, Annisquam Division; Franklin Club; Congregationalist Ladies' Home Missionary Society; and Band of Hope organized.
November 2: "Mechanic Engine Co. had a grand parade."
1860s-1890s [ edit ]
Civil war recruitment poster, ca.1861
Universalist Centenary camp ground, 1870
Seal of City of Gloucester, incorporated 1873
Advertisements for Gloucester businesses, 1882
1860 - Population: 10,904.
 1861 - Railway to Rockport begins operating.
1862 - Shute & Merchant in business |url=
http://www.shuteandmerchant.com/history-2.html | 1864
February 18: Fire.
First National Bank in business. 1865 - Freemason Acacia Lodge established.
Board of Trade and Cape Ann Horticultural Society established.
Cape Ann Anchor & Forge in business. 1867
North Gloucester Universalist church active.
Sylvanus Smith & Co. in business.  1869
May 16: Town Hall burns down.
Cape Ann Granite quarry in business. 1870
Gloucester City Hall built. 1872 - Gloucester Lyceum & Sawyer Free Library incorporated.
  1873
Gloucester becomes a city.
Lanesville Granite quarry in business.
YMCA and Cape Ann Scientific and Literary Association founded.  1874
Slade Gorton & Company established.
Robert R. Fears becomes first city mayor. Procter Brothers circulating library opens.  1877
Sea Side Library in operation.
 Population: 19,329. 1881
Gloucester Water Supply Co. incorporated.
Harbor Methodist Church built.
Gloucester Isinglass and Glue in business.  1882 - Russia Cement Co. in business.
Gloucester News and Cape Ann Breeze newspapers begin publication. Tarr and Wonson paint factory built.
Magonolia Library Association formed. 1885
October 16: North Shore Tricycle Run arrives in Gloucester.
 Horse-drawn Gloucester Street Railway begins operating.  1887 - Magnolia Congregational Church and Gloucester Co-operative Bank established.
Gloucester Daily Times newspaper begins publication. Gloucester Electric Co. in business.  1891
Gloucester Safe Deposit and Trust in business.
 Hawthorne Inn built.  1892
250th anniversary of incorporation of town of Gloucester.
Gloucester Towboat Co. in business.  1895
Eliot house (residence) built.  1897 - Addison Gilbert Hospital built.
Ravenswood Park established. 1900 - Population: 26,121.
20th century [ edit ]
S.S. Cape Ann ferry, 1905
Gloucester, Massachusetts, 2010
21st century [ edit ]
North Shore North - Newspaper Begins (Mike Ryan, James Oliver, Gregg B. Smith)
John Bell becomes mayor. 2003 Gloucester Island News - Newspaper Begins (James Oliver, Gregg B. Smith)
Sister city relationship established with Tamano, Japan. 2007 -
blog begins publication. Good Morning Gloucester 2008
2010 - Population: 28,789.
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
Alden Bradford (1843). . Boston: S.G. Simpkins. New England Chronology
James Robinson Newhall (1836), , Salem, Mass.: Henry Whipple The Essex Memorial, for 1836: embracing a register of the county
^ a b c d e f
, US Census Bureau, 1998 Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990
^ a b c d
"Historical Materials". Fitz Henry Lane Online. Gloucester: Cape Ann Museum . Retrieved . March 30, 2016
^ a b
"History of the Region (timeline)". Cape Ann Chamber of Commerce . Retrieved . March 30, 2016
Catalogue of the Gloucester Circulating Library. Gloucester Telegraph. January 28, 1832.
^ a b c d e f
. 1899. Report of the Tax Commissioner of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
^ a b
William Richard Cutter (1908). . Lewis Historical Publishing Company. Genealogical and Personal Memoirs Relating to the Families of Boston and Eastern Massachusetts
"Universalist Centenary: A City of Tents", New York Times, September 23, 1870
"Gloucester Lyceum & Sawyer Free Library Public library". Archived from the original on November 15, 2011 . Retrieved . October 24, 2011
Gloucester Lyceum and Sawyer Free Library, Inc.: 1830-1930, the record of a century, c. 1930
"Cape Ann Museum" . Retrieved . October 31, 2011
Cape Ann Advertiser, Sep 11, 1874
Cape Ann Advertiser, Dec 3, 1880
Robert L. McCullough (September 2015), "In 1885, adventurous Boston women took to their tricycles", Boston Globe
"T.S. Eliot's old summer home may become writers' retreat", Boston Globe, March 31, 2015
^ a b
"Mass Moments". Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities . Retrieved . March 30, 2016 (timeline of Massachusetts history)
"Gloucester HarborWalk" . Retrieved . March 30, 2016
, Washington DC: American Federation of Arts, 1922 American Art Annual
"Gloucester Stage Co". Archived from the original on November 22, 2011 . Retrieved . November 1, 2011
"Gloucester Home Page". Archived from the original on December 1998 – via Internet Archive, Wayback Machine.
"Gloucester city, Massachusetts". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau . Retrieved . March 30, 2016
"Massachusetts Chief's Tack in Drug War: Steer Addicts to Rehab, Not Jail", New York Times, January 24, 2016
Civic Impulse, LLC. "Members of Congress". . Washington, D.C GovTrack . Retrieved . March 30, 2016
Bibliography [ edit ]
published in the 18th-19th century
Jedidiah Morse (1797), "Gloucester", American Gazetteer, Boston: At the presses of S. Hall, and Thomas & Andrews
John James Babson (1860), , Gloucester: Procter Brothers History of the Town of Gloucester, Cape Anne, including the Town of Rockport
Gloucester Directory. 1860.
"An American Fishing Port". Lippincott's Monthly Magazine. 1: 497–505. May 1868.
"General Directory: Gloucester". Essex-County History and Directory. Boston: C.A. & J.F. Wood. 1870. pp. 248–279 – via Google Books.
George Henry Procter (1873). . Procter Brothers. Fishermen's Memorial and Record Book: Containing a List of Vessels and Their Crews Lost from the Port of Gloucester from the Year 1830 to October 1, 1873
Annual Report of the City of Gloucester, 1874 (ongoing).
"Gloucester and Cape Ann". Harper's New Monthly Magazine. 51 (304): 465–474. September 1875.
. Procter Brothers. 1876. Fisheries of Gloucester from the First Catch by the English in 1623, to the Centennial Year, 1876
Benjamin D. Hill; Winfield S. Nevins (1881). "Gloucester". North Shore of Massachusetts Bay: An Illustrated Guide to Marblehead, Salem, Peabody, Beverly, Manchester-by-the-Sea, Magnolia, Gloucester, Rockport, and Ipswich (4th ed.).
, Boston: Sampson, Davenport & Co., 1882 – via HathiTrust Gloucester Directory
. Philadelphia: Hopkins. 1884 – via Atlas of the City of Gloucester and Town of Rockport, Massachusetts State Library of Massachusetts.
, Boston: Sampson, Davenport, & Co., 1884 – via Internet Archive Gloucester Directory
, Gloucester, Mass.: James R. Pringle, 1892, History of the Town and City of Gloucester, Cape Ann, Massachusetts OCLC 3714229
, Gloucester, Mass.: Steam Fire Assoc., 1892 Gloucester Fire Department: its History and Work from 1793 to 1893
, Gloucester, MA, 1892 Official Souvenir, 250th Anniversary
Rudyard Kipling (1896). . Captains Courageous . McClure's (children's fiction) , Boston: Sampson, Murdock, & Co., 1899 – via Internet Archive Gloucester Directory
published in the 20th-21st century
Annual Report of the City of Gloucester (ongoing).
. Boston: A. Mudge & Son. 1901. Memorial of the Celebration of the Two Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary of the Incorporation of the Town of Gloucester, Mass. August, 1892
James R. Coffin (1910). "Le Beau Port: the sea-browned fishing town of Gloucester". New England Magazine. 42.
Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Bureau of Statistics (1913). "Classification by Cities and Towns: Gloucester". Directory of Massachusetts Manufactures. Boston: Wright & Potter. pp. 152–153 – via HathiTrust.
Benjamin F. Arrington, ed. (1922). "City of Gloucester". Municipal History of Essex County in Massachusetts. 2. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company.
Federal Writers' Project (1937), "Gloucester and Rockport", Massachusetts: a Guide to its Places and People, American Guide Series, Boston: Houghton Mifflin . + Chronology
H. Barbara Weinberg; et al. (1994). "Urban Leisure: Gloucester: a durable magnet for American painters of modern life". American Impressionism and Realism: The Painting of Modern Life, 1885-1915. NY: Metropolitan Museum of Art. ISBN 978-0-87099-700-6.
John Hardy Wright (2000). . Images of America. Arcadia Publishing. Gloucester and Rockport ISBN 978-0-7385-3911-9. Mary Ray (2002). Sarah V. Dunlap, ed. Gloucester, Massachusetts Historical Time-Line 1000-1999. ISBN 978-0-9722416-0-1.
External links [ edit ]