Timeline of Helsinki

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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Helsinki, Finland.

Prior to 19th century[edit]

19th century[edit]

Map of Helsinki, 1837

20th century[edit]

Map of Helsinki, c. 1900s

21st century[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Richard D. Lewis (2005). "Finnish History: Chronology". Finland, Cultural Lone Wolf. Nicholas Brealey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-931930-49-9. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u City Museum. "History of Helsinki (timeline)". City of Helsinki. Retrieved September 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Brief history of Helsinki". City of Helsinki. Retrieved September 2015. 
  4. ^ Benjamin Vincent (1910), "Helsingfors, Finland", Haydn's Dictionary of Dates (25th ed.), London: Ward, Lock & Co. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Helsingfors", Encyclopaedia Britannica (11th ed.), New York, 1910, OCLC 14782424 
  6. ^ "Finland Profile: Timeline", BBC News, retrieved September 2015 
  7. ^ "Garden Search: Finland". London: Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Retrieved September 2015. 
  8. ^ Donna M. Di Grazia, ed. (2013). Nineteenth-Century Choral Music. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-98852-0. 
  9. ^ a b c "Finland". Europa World Year Book. Europa Publications. 2004. ISBN 978-1-85743-254-1. 
  10. ^ a b c d Walter Rüegg (de), ed. (2011). "Universities founded in Europe between 1945 and 1995". Universities Since 1945. History of the University in Europe 4. Cambridge University Press. pp. 575–594. ISBN 978-1-139-49425-0. 
  11. ^ Colin Lawson, ed. (2003). "Orchestras Founded in the 19th Century (chronological list)". Cambridge Companion to the Orchestra. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-00132-8. 
  12. ^ "Russia". Statesman's Year-Book. London: Macmillan and Co. 1885. 
  13. ^ a b c d e R.W. Apple Jr. (16 July 2006). "Helsinki’s Shining Season". New York Times. 
  14. ^ I. Uschakoff, ed. (1898). "Helsinki". Suomi: hakemisto sisältävä maantieteellistilastollisia ja teollisuutta koskevia tietoja [Finland: Directory] (in Finnish). Helsinki: Weilin & Göös (fi). 
  15. ^ a b c "Movie Theaters in Helsinki, Finland". CinemaTreasures.org. Los Angeles: Cinema Treasures LLC. Retrieved September 2015. 
  16. ^ City Museum. "Hakasalmi Villa - History of the museum building". City of Helsinki. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  17. ^ Anthony F. Upton (1980). The Finnish Revolution: 1917-1918. University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 978-0-8166-0905-5. 
  18. ^ "Finland". Statesman's Year-Book. London: Macmillan and Co. 1921 – via HathiTrust. 
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i "City of Helsinki Mayors 1922-". City of Helsinki. Retrieved September 2015. 
  20. ^ Klaus K Hotel. "History". Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  21. ^ Don Rubin; et al., eds. (1994). "Finland". World Encyclopedia of Contemporary Theatre: Europe. Routledge. pp. 250+. ISBN 9780415251570. 
  22. ^ Bernard A. Cook, ed. (2013). "Chronology of Major Political Events". Europe Since 1945: An Encyclopedia. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-135-17939-7. 
  23. ^ a b Timo Hämäläinen (fi) (23 June 2014), "Urbanist’s guide to Helsinki", The Guardian (UK) 
  24. ^ "How Helsinki mashed up “open data” with regionalism". CitiScope. USA. April 2014. 

This article incorporates information from the Finnish Wikipedia and German Wikipedia.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]