Timeline of Istanbul

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The following is a timeline of the history of the town of Istanbul, Turkey.

Prior to 4th century[edit]

  • 657 BCE – Byzantium founded by Greeks.
  • 513 BCE - City taken by Persians under the rule of Darius I.[1]
  • 479 BCE - Spartans travel north to take control of Byzantium from the Persians following their victory at the Battle of Plataea.[2]
  • 196 CE – City taken by Septimius Severus.[3]
  • 203 – Hippodrome built (approximate date).

4th–15th centuries[edit]

15th–19th centuries[edit]

20th century[edit]

21st century[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.ancient.eu/Byzantium/. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ Ancient History Encyclopedia https://www.ancient.eu/Byzantium/. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ a b c "Istanbul", Webster's Geographical Dictionary, USA: G. & C. Merriam Co., 1960, p. 503, OL 5812502M
  4. ^ a b Haydn 1910.
  5. ^ George Henry Townsend (1867), "Constantinople", A Manual of Dates (2nd ed.), London: Frederick Warne & Co.
  6. ^ Dard Hunter (1978). "Chronology". Papermaking: The History and Technique of an Ancient Craft. Dover. ISBN 978-0-486-23619-3.
  7. ^ Agoston 2009.
  8. ^ a b c d e f Leon E. Seltzer, ed. (1952), Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer of the World, New York: Columbia University Press, p. 854, OL 6112221M
  9. ^ Grove 2009.
  10. ^ Nina Luttinger; Gregory Dicum (1999). "Historic Timeline". The Coffee Book: Anatomy of an Industry from Crop to the Last Drop. New Press. ISBN 978-1-59558-724-4.
  11. ^ Cornel Zwierlein (2012). "Burning of a Modern City? Istanbul as Perceived by the Agents of the Sun Fire Office, 1865–1870". In Greg Bankoff; et al. Flammable Cities: Urban Conflagration and the Making of the Modern World. USA: University of Wisconsin Press. pp. 82–102. ISBN 978-0-299-28383-4.
  12. ^ "Gentrification tears at Istanbul's historically diverse fabric", Reuters, 29 October 2014
  13. ^ Karin Adahl and Mikael Ahlund, ed. (2000). "Turkey". Islamic Art Collections: An International Survey. Curzon Press. ISBN 978-1-136-11362-8.
  14. ^ Stephen Pope; Elizabeth-Anne Wheal (1995). "Select Chronology". Dictionary of the First World War. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-85052-979-1.
  15. ^ a b c "Turkey Profile: Timeline". BBC News. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  16. ^ "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1955. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations.
  17. ^ "Movie Theaters in Istanbul, Turkey". CinemaTreasures.org. Los Angeles: Cinema Treasures LLC. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  18. ^ Turkish Statistical Institute. "Istanbul". 1965 Population Census Data Base (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 1 January 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  19. ^ United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1987). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1985 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 247–289.
  20. ^ United Nations Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, Statistics Division (1997). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1995 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 262–321.
  21. ^ "City Guide: Istanbul". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism.
  22. ^ Ipek Türeli (2006). "Modeling Citizenship in Turkey's Miniature Park". Traditional Dwellings and Settlements Review. International Association for the Study of Traditional Environments. 17 – via University of California, Berkeley.
  23. ^ Turkish Statistical Institute (2007). "Istanbul". Population Census Data Base (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  24. ^ Turkish Statistical Institute (2008). "Istanbul". Population Census Data Base (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 1 January 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  25. ^ "Turkey". Art Spaces Directory. New York: New Museum. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  26. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica Book of the Year. 2013. ISBN 978-1-62513-103-4.
  27. ^ Rails under the Bosporus Archived 2010-09-22 at the Wayback Machine., Railway Gazette International 2009-02-23
  28. ^ Pope in 'silent adoration' in Istanbul Blue Mosque

This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia and Turkish Wikipedia.

Bibliography[edit]

See also: Bibliography of Istanbul [tr]

Published in 18th–19th centuries[edit]

Published in 20th century[edit]

Published in 21st century[edit]

External links[edit]