Timeline of Luanda

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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Luanda, Angola.

16th-18th centuries[edit]

19th century[edit]

20th century[edit]

21st century[edit]

View of Luanda, 2007

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Toyin Falola and Amanda Warnock, ed. (2007). "Chronology". Encyclopedia of the Middle Passage. Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-0-313-33480-1. 
  2. ^ a b c Santos 2008.
  3. ^ Roquinaldo Amaral Ferreira (2012), Cross-cultural exchange in the Atlantic world: Angola and Brazil during the era of the slave trade, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 9780521863308 
  4. ^ a b c W. Martin James (2011), "Chronology", Historical Dictionary of Angola (2nd ed.), US: Scarecrow Press, ISBN 9780810871939 
  5. ^ Miller 1974.
  6. ^ a b c Curto 2001.
  7. ^ a b c d Curto 1999.
  8. ^ a b "Historia" (in Portuguese). Banco Nacional de Angola. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  9. ^ a b World Guide to Libraries (25th ed.), De Gruyter Saur, 2011, ISBN 9783110230710 
  10. ^ Russell G. Hamilton (1975). Voices from an Empire: A History of Afro-Portuguese Literature. University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 978-0-8166-5781-0. 
  11. ^ "Palácio de Ferro". Heritage of Portuguese Influence. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  12. ^ a b c "Luanda (Luanda, Angola) Newspapers". WorldCat. US: Online Computer Library Center. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  13. ^ Britannica 1910.
  14. ^ "Chronology of Catholic Dioceses: Angola". www.katolsk.no. Norway: Oslo katolske bispedømme (Oslo Catholic Diocese). Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  15. ^ a b Ilídio do Amaral (pt) (1978). "Contribuição para o conhecimento do fenómeno de urbanização em Angola". Finisterra (pt) (in Portuguese). Centro de Estudos Geográficos da Universidade de Lisboa. 13 (25). ISSN 0430-5027.  open access publication – free to read
  16. ^ C. Salvador; C. Rodrigues (2011), "Colonial Architecture in Angola", in Fassil Demissie, Colonial architecture and urbanism in Africa, UK: Ashgate, ISBN 9780754675129 
  17. ^ "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1955. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations. 
  18. ^ Russel G. Hamilton (1986). "Class, Race, and Authorship in Angola". In Georg M. Gugelberger. Marxism and African literature. Africa World Press. ISBN 0865430314. 
  19. ^ a b "Luanda". Heritage of Portuguese Influence. Lisbon: Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  20. ^ "O Museu: Historial". Museu Nacional de História Natural. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  21. ^ "Petroleum in Angola". Luanda: Sonangol. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  22. ^ United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1987). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1985 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 247–289. 
  23. ^ a b c d "Angola: Directory". Africa South of the Sahara 2004. Regional Surveys of the World. Europa Publications. 2004. p. 62+. ISBN 1857431839. 
  24. ^ David Birmingham (2002). "Angola". In Patrick Chabal. History of Postcolonial Lusophone Africa. Indiana University Press. p. 157+. ISBN 978-0-253-21565-9. 
  25. ^ "Luanda, Angola". SIBMAS International Directory of Performing Arts Collections and Institutions. International Association of Libraries and Museums of the Performing Arts. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  26. ^ "A Cinemateca" (in Portuguese). Luanda: Cinemateca Nacional de Angola. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  27. ^ Jacqueline Audrey Kalley; et al., eds. (1999). Southern African Political History: A Chronology of Key Political Events from Independence to Mid-1997. Greenwood. ISBN 978-0-313-30247-3. 
  28. ^ J. Girod, ed. (1994). L'énergie en Afrique: la situation énergétique de 34 pays de l'Afrique subsaharienne et du Nord (in French). Karthala. ISBN 2865375498. 
  29. ^ Republica Popular de Angola: Centro Nacional de Documentação Histórica (PDF) (in Portuguese), Paris: Unesco, 1981 
  30. ^ "Last Place of Cultural Dynamism in Luanda is No More". 14 April 2014 – via Global Voices. 
  31. ^ Telse Diederichsen (1990). "Angola". In Institut für Afrika-Kunde; Rolf Hofmeier. Afrika Jahrbuch 1989: Politik, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft in Afrika südlich der Sahara (in German). Germany: Leske + Budrich. pp. 293–300. ISBN 978-3-322-92639-5. OCLC 19093344.  (Includes chronology)
  32. ^ "LAC 20 Anos" (in Portuguese). Luanda Antena Comercial. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  33. ^ "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2011. United Nations Statistics Division. 2012. 
  34. ^ a b c d W. Martin James (2011), Historical Dictionary of Angola (2nd ed.), US: Scarecrow Press, ISBN 9780810871939 
  35. ^ a b The State of African Cities 2010: Governance, Inequalities and Urban Land Markets. United Nations Human Settlements Programme. 2010. 
  36. ^ "Quem Somos" (in Portuguese). Feira Internacional de Luanda. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  37. ^ "Dozens die in Angola flash floods". BBC News. 25 January 2007. 
  38. ^ "Deadly stampede at Pope speech". BBC News. 21 March 2009. 
  39. ^ "Angola Profile: Timeline". BBC News. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  40. ^ a b "State of African Cities 2014". United Nations Human Settlements Programme. ISBN 978-92-1-132598-0. 
  41. ^ a b Andreas Mehler; et al., eds. (2013). "Angola". Africa Yearbook: Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2012. 9. Koninklijke Brill. p. 444. ISBN 978-90-04-25600-2. 
  42. ^ "(Luanda)". City Lab. US: The Atlantic. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
This article incorporates information from the Portuguese Wikipedia.


Published in 19th century[edit]

  • Richard Brookes (1820), "Loanda", The General Gazetteer (17th ed.), London: F.C. and J. Rivington 
  • "Loanda". Brockhaus' Konversations-Lexikon (in German) (14th ed.). Leipzig: Brockhaus. 1898. 

Published in 20th century[edit]

  • Esteves Pereira; Guilherme Rodrigues, eds. (1909). "Loanda". Portugal: Diccionario Historico... (in Portuguese). 4. Lisbon: Joao Romano Torres. OCLC 865826167. 
  • "Loanda", Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York, 1910, OCLC 14782424 – via Internet Archive 
  • C. R. Boxer (1965), Portuguese society in the tropics: the municipal councils of Goa, Macao, Bahia, and Luanda, 1510-1800, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, OCLC 518169 
  • Ilídio do Amaral (pt) (1968). Luanda: estudo de geografia urbana (in Portuguese). Lisboa. 
  • Michael Hugo-Brunt (1968), "Angola", Portuguese Planning and Architecture on the Sea Route to the Orient, Exchange Bibliography (44), US: Council of Planning Librarians, pp. 536–589, ISSN 0010-9959  Free to read (Includes Luanda)
  • Joseph C. Miller (1974). "The Archives of Luanda, Angola". International Journal of African Historical Studies. 7. 
  • Ilídio do Amaral (1983). "Luanda e os seus 'muceques', problemas de Geografia usbuna". Finisterra (pt) (in Portuguese). Centro de Estudos Geográficos da Universidade de Lisboa. 18. ISSN 0430-5027.  open access publication – free to read
  • David Birmingham (1988). "Carnival at Luanda". Journal of African History. 29. 
  • M.C. Mendes (1988). "Slum Housing in Luanda". In Robert A. Obudho and Constance C. Mhlanga. Slum and squatter settlements in Sub-Saharan Africa: toward a planning strategy. Praeger. 
  • Christine Messiant (1989). "Luanda 1945-1961: colonises, societe coloniale et engagement nationaliste". In M. Cahen. Bourgs et Villes en Afrique Lusophone (in French). 
  • L. Colaco (1992). "Luanda: Contexto Demografico e Desigualdades Espaciais". Cadernos Populacao e Desenvolvimento (in Portuguese). 1. 
  • José C. Curto (1992). "A Quantitative Reassessment of the Legal Portuguese Slave Trade from Luanda, Angola, 1710-1830". African Economic History. 20. 
  • P. Jenkins; et al. (1992). "City Profile: Luanda". Cities. 19. 
  • José C. Curto (1999). "Anatomy of a Demographic Explosion: Luanda, 1844-1850". International Journal of African Historical Studies. 32. JSTOR 220347. 

Published in 21st century[edit]


External links[edit]