The following is a
timeline of the history of the city and metropolitan area of Manila.
Prior to 20th century [ edit ]
20th century [ edit ]
1900s-1940s [ edit ]
City of Manila administrative entity created, composed of
Binondo, Ermita, Intramuros, Malate, Pandacan, Port Area, Quiapo, Santa Cruz, Santa Ana de Sapa, San Nicolas, San Miguel, San Fernando de Dilao ( Paco), Sampaloc, San Andres, Santa Mesa, Tondo. Capital of the Philippines relocated to Manila from
Arsenio Cruz-Herrera becomes mayor.
National Museum of the Philippines established. United States military
Fort William McKinley established near city. The
Philippine Constabulary was established and the general headquarters and military camp bases are located in the capital city. The
Philippine Scouts was established and the general headquarters and military camp bases are located near the capital city. 1902 -
Manila Grand Opera House in use in Santa Cruz. 1903 - Population: 219,928 city; 330,345
Philippine Library established.  1910
Manila Hotel in business. 1913
Far Eastern Championship Games, called "the first Oriental Olympic Games," are held at the Carnival grounds (later the site of the Rizal Memorial Sports Stadium) in Malate, 3–7 February, with participants from the US Philippine Islands, China, Japan, the British East Indies (Malaya), Thailand, and British Hong Kong.
Rizal Monument erected. 1917 - Justo Lukban becomes mayor.
1918 - Population: 285,306 city; 469,955
metro. 1919 - United States military
Camp Nichols established near city. 1920 - Ramón Fernández becomes mayor.
1923 - The Peking Council, the Tokyo Council, and the Manila Council, the first
Boy Scouts of America Councils in Asia, are organised. (The huge 1973 Golden Jubilee Jamboree of the Boy Scouts of the Philippines would be dated from this year.) 1924 - Miguel Romuáldez becomes mayor.
Legislative Building inaugurated in Ermita. 1927 - Tomás Earnshaw becomes mayor.
1928 - The Institute of Accountancy, which later became
Far Eastern University, is founded in Sampaloc by Nicanor Reyes et al. 1930 - Legazpi-Urdaneta Monument erected.
1939 - Population: 623,492.
City of Greater Manila formed, merging city and municipal governments of Manila, Quezon City, San Juan del Monte, Caloocan, etc.
Jorge B. Vargas becomes mayor. Dissolution of the
Philippine Commonwealth Army's general headquarters and camp base in the city's capital was until the occupied by the Japanese Imperial forces. 1942
1946 - City becomes part of the newly proclaimed
Republic of the Philippines. 1947 - Republic Theatre opens.
1949 - 18 June: City
legislative districts for House of Representatives of the Philippines expanded from two to four.
1950s-1990s [ edit ]
Holy Child Catholic School active in Tondo. 1959 -
Ramon Magsaysay High School established in España, Manila. 1960
Manila Airport new terminal opens. 1962 -
Antonio Villegas becomes mayor. 1966 -
Cultural Center of the Philippines founded. 1970
Ramon Bagatsing becomes mayor.
1973 - Some 3000 Boy Scouts camp out and conduct a massive clean-up of
Intramuros, 9–11 February. 1975
Thrilla in Manila.
Metropolitan Manila Commission created to administer aspects of Angono, Antipolo, Binangonan, Cainta, Caloocan, Mandaluyong, Makati, Malabon, Manila, Marikina, Muntinlupa, Navotas, Obando, Pasay, Pasig, Las Piñas, Parañaque, Pateros, Quezon City, Rodriguez, San Juan, San Pedro, Taguig, Taytay, Teresa, Valenzuela. Population: 1,479,116 city; 4,880,006
1979 - Sampaloc flea market officially inaugurated.
1980 - Population: 5,924,563
metro. 1981 -
Sister city relationship established with San Francisco, USA.  1982 - Metro Manila Commission for Squatters established.
1983 - 21 August:
Assassination of Benigno Aquino, Jr. at Manila International Airport. 1984
First Coup Attempt 1989 -
Second Coup Attempt 1987 - January:
Mendiola Massacre. 1992 -
Alfredo Lim becomes mayor. 1994
Lito Atienza becomes mayor. 2000
21st century [ edit ]
2002 - Bus bombing.
 2003 - Army mutiny.
2009 - September: Typhoon.
2012 - August: Flooding.
2015 - January: Catholic
pope visits city. 
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ Made in the Americas: the New World Discovers Asia. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. 2015. ISBN 978-0-87846-812-6.
^ Henri Bouchot (1890). "Topographical index of the principal towns where early printing presses were established". In H. Grevel. The book: its printers, illustrators, and binders, from Gutenberg to the present time. H. Grevel & Co.
^ a b c Artemio R. Guillermo (2012). "Chronology". Historical Dictionary of the Philippines. Maryland, USA: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-7246-2.
^ "Southeast Asia, 1600–1800 A.D.: Key Events". Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art . Retrieved . 30 May 2014
^ . http://www.admu.edu.ph/history
^ "Manila (Philippines) Newspapers". WorldCat. USA: Online Computer Library Center . Retrieved . 30 May 2014
^ David E. Gardinier & Josefina Z. Sevilla-Gardinier (1989). "Rosa Sevilla de Alvero and the Instituto de Mujeres of Manila". Philippine Studies. 37. JSTOR 42633130.
^ a b David H. Stam, ed. (2001). "Philippines". International Dictionary of Library Histories. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN 1579582443.
^ Nelly Young Egbert, ed. (1907). . Manila: Bureau of Printing. List of Books in the American Circulating Library of Manila
^ a b , USA: G. & C. Merriam Co., 1960, p. 666, Webster's Geographical Dictionary OL 5812502M
^ The History of Volleyball in the Philippines The Volleyball Story London Olympic Media Guide Volleyball Early Development Volleyball: Striking the interest of Filipinos since 1910 The Volleyball Story Vball Trivia History of Volleyball Memorandum to Colonel Bruce Palmer Giving the Game Away
^ The Straits Times, Singapore, 18 January 1910, page 7.
^ Charles C. Mann (2011). . Alfred A. Knopf. 1493: Uncovering the New World Columbus Created ISBN 978-0-307-26572-2.
^ a b "Movie Theaters in Manila, Philippines". CinemaTreasures.org. Los Angeles: Cinema Treasures LLC . Retrieved . 30 May 2014
^ a b "Timelines: History of the Philippines from 30000 BC to AD 2013", , USA, World Book (Subscription required ( help))
^ "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1955. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations.
^ a b "Philippines". Europa World Year Book 2004. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 1857432533.
^ "San Francisco Sister Cities". USA: City & County of San Francisco . Retrieved . 30 December 2015
^ United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1987). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". . New York. pp. 247–289. 1985 Demographic Yearbook
^ a b c d BBC News. "Timeline". Philippines Profile . Retrieved . 30 May 2014
^ United Nations Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, Statistics Division (1997). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". . New York. pp. 262–321. 1995 Demographic Yearbook
^ a b "Philippines". Art Spaces Directory. New York: New Museum . Retrieved . 30 May 2014
^ "Typhoon kills 32 in Vietnam; Philippine toll at 246". Reuters. 29 September 2009.
^ "Population of Capital Cities and Cities of 100,000 or More Inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2012. United Nations Statistics Division. 2013.
^ "Rains Flood a Third of Manila Area, Displacing Thousands". New York Times. 7 August 2012.
^ , Reuters, 18 January 2015 Pope Manila Mass drew record crowd of 6-7 million
Bibliography [ edit ]
Published in the 19th century
The examples and perspective in this section may not represent a . worldwide view of the subject (May 2014)
Jedidiah Morse; Richard C. Morse (1823), "Manilla", A New Universal Gazetteer (4th ed.), New Haven: S. Converse
William Milburn; Thomas Thornton (1825). "Manilla". Oriental Commerce; or the East India Trader's Complete Guide. London: Kingsbury, Parbury, and Allen.
Fedor Jagor (1875). "Manilla". Travels in the Philippines. London: Chapman and Hall.
John Ramsay McCulloch (1880), "Manilla", in Hugh G. Reid, A Dictionary, Practical, Theoretical and Historical of Commerce and Commercial Navigation, London: Longmans, Green, and Co.
"Philippines: Manila". . Hong Kong: Daily Press. 1892. The Chronicle & Directory for China, Corea, Japan, the Philippines, Indo-China, Straits Settlements, Siam, Borneo, Malay States, &c
Margherita Arlina Hamm (1898), , London: F.T. Neely Manila and the Philippines
John Foreman (1899), "(Manila)", The Philippine Islands (2nd ed.), New York: C. Scribner's Sons
, New York: Philippines Company, 1899 Manila and the Philippine Islands: an up to date handbook of facts
Published in the 20th century
"Manila", , London: W. & R. Chambers, 1901 Chambers's Encyclopaedia
, Manila, 1901 Commercial Directory of Manila
Burton Holmes (1901), "Manila", The Burton Holmes Lectures, Battle Creek, Michigan: Little-Preston, OCLC 5082081
C.W. Rosenstock, ed. (1904), Manila City Directory
. United States government. 1904. Historical Notes Concerning Manila
. 1908. Kemlein & Johnson's guide and map of Manila and vicinity
, Manila, Philippine Islands: Manila Merchants' Association., 1908, Manila, the pearl of the Orient OCLC 5296360
"Manila", (11th ed.), New York, 1910, Encyclopædia Britannica OCLC 14782424 – via Internet Archive
Philip M. Finegan (1910). "Manila". . New York. Catholic Encyclopedia
Benjamin Vincent (1910), "Manilla", (25th ed.), London: Ward, Lock & Co. Haydn's Dictionary of Dates
George Amos Miller (1912). (3rd ed.). Manila: E.C. McCullough. Interesting Manila: Historical Narratives Concerning the Pearl of the Orient
Philippines. Office of Public Welfare Commissioner. (1922), (2nd ed.), Manila: Bureau of Printing Directory of charitable and social service organizations and institutions in the city of Manila
Mauro Garcia, ed. (1971), Focus on old Manila, Manila: Philippine Historical Association Edilberto De Jesus. 'Manila's first factories', Philippine Historical Review, 4 (1971)
Nicolas Zafra (1974), The colonization of the Philippines and the beginnings of the Spanish city of Manila, Manila: National Historical Commission
William F. Stinner & Melinda Bacol-Montilla (1981). "Population Deconcentration in Metropolitan Manila in the Twentieth Century". Journal of Developing Areas. 16. JSTOR 4190969. Daniel F. Doeppers. Manila, 1900-1941: Social change in a late colonial metropolis (New Haven: Yale University Southeast Asia Studies, 1984).
Hans F. Illy (1986). "Regulation and Evasion: Street-Vendors in Manila". Policy Sciences. 19. JSTOR 4532068.
Ramon Ma Zaragoza (1990), Old Manila, Singapore: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0195889738 Melinda Tria Kerkvliet, Manila workers' unions, 1900-1950 (Quezon City: New Day Publishers, 1992).
Victor V. Sumsky (1992). "City as Political Actor: Manila, February 1986". Alternatives: Global, Local, Political. 17. JSTOR 40644756.
Jack Arn (1995). "Pathway To The Periphery: Urbanization, Creation Of A Relative Surplus Population, And Political Outcomes In Manila, Philippines". Urban Anthropology and Studies of Cultural Systems and World Economic Development. 24. JSTOR 40553284.
Schellinger and Salkin, ed. (1996). "Manila". International Dictionary of Historic Places: Asia and Oceania. UK: Routledge. p. 565+. ISBN 9781884964046. Xavier Huetz de Lemps. 'Shifts in meaning of "Manila" in the nineteenth century', in Old ties and new solidarities: Studies on Philippine communities, ed. C. J.-H. Macdonald and G. M. Pesigan (Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 2000)
Published in the 21st century
Charles L. Choguill (2001). "Manila: City of Hope or a Planner's Nightmare?". Built Environment. 27. JSTOR 23287514.
Xavier Huetz de Lemps (2001). "Waters in Nineteenth Century Manila". Philippine Studies. 49. JSTOR 42633496.
Joseph Burzynski (2002). "Timber Trade and the Growth of Manila, 1864-1881". Philippine Studies. 50. JSTOR 42634459.
Cristina Pantoja Hidalgo (2002). "Metro Manila: City in Search of a Myth". Philippine Studies. 50. JSTOR 42634469.
"Manila", Philippines, Lonely Planet, 2003, p. 87+, OL 8906497M
"Manila". Understanding Slums: Case Studies for the Global Report 2003. United Nations Human Settlements Programme and University College London. 2003.
Bruce P. Lenman (2004). "Manila". In Ooi Keat Gin. Southeast Asia: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 854+. ISBN 978-1-57607-770-2.
Yoshihiro Chiba (2005). "Cigar-Makers in American Colonial Manila: Survival during Structural Depression in the 1920s". Journal of Southeast Asian Studies. 36. JSTOR 20072667. doi: 10.1017/s0022463405000214.
Gavin Shatkin (2007). Collective Action and Urban Poverty Alleviation: Community Organizations and the Struggle for Shelter in Manila. Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7546-4786-7.
Marco Garrido (2008). "Civil and Uncivil Society Symbolic Boundaries and Civic Exclusion in Metro Manila". . Philippine Studies 56. JSTOR 42633976.
Greg Bankoff (2012). "Tale of Two Cities: the Pyro-Seismic Morphology of 19th-century Manila". In Greg Bankoff; et al. Flammable Cities: Urban Conflagration and the Making of the Modern World. USA: University of Wisconsin Press. pp. 170–189. ISBN 978-0-299-28383-4.
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