Timeline of Mexican history
This is a timeline of Mexican history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Mexico and its predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of Mexico. See also the list of heads of state of Mexico and list of years in Mexico.
|1520||20 May||Massacre in the Great Temple: Spanish soldiers killed a group of Aztec nobles in the Templo Mayor in Tenochtitlan during the celebration of Toxcatl.|
|29 June||Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire: Moctezuma II, the tlatoani of Tenochtitlan and ruler of the Aztec Triple Alliance, was killed.|
|30 June||La Noche Triste: The Spaniard Hernán Cortés lost several hundred men in a fighting escape from Tenochtitlan.|
|7 July||Battle of Otumba: Combined Spanish and Tlaxcala forces seriously defeated a vastly superior Aztec force at Otumba de Gómez Farías.|
|1521||13 August||Fall of Tenochtitlan: Tenochtitlan was taken by Spanish forces. The tlatoani Cuauhtémoc was taken prisoner.|
|1713||11 April||War of the Spanish Succession: The Treaty of Utrecht was signed, under which Great Britain, Savoy, Portugal, and the United Provinces recognized Philip V of Spain of the House of Bourbon as king of Spain, ending the war. In exchange, Philip renounced the right to pass the throne to his heirs.|
|1724||15 January||Philip abdicated in favor of his son Louis I of Spain.|
|31 August||Louis died of smallpox.|
|1767||June||The Society of Jesus was expelled from New Spain.|
|1776||The autonomous Commandancy General of the Provincias Internas was established under Teodoro de Croix in the northern provinces of New Spain.|
|1810||16 September||Grito de Dolores: The Catholic priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla encouraged his congregation to revolt against the Spanish crown in a speech made at Dolores.|
|30 October||Battle of Monte de las Cruces: Insurgent forces under Hidalgo and Ignacio Allende defeated Spanish troops at Ocoyoacac.|
|1821||21 February||Mexican War of Independence: The Spanish colonel Agustín de Iturbide and the insurgent leader Vicente Guerrero together issued the Plan of Iguala at a meeting in Iguala, under which Mexico was to become an independent, Catholic constitutional monarchy.|
|24 February||Mexican War of Independence: The armies under Iturbide and Guerrero were consolidated into Iturbide's control in the Army of the Three Guarantees.|
|24 August||Mexican War of Independence: Iturbide and Spanish viceroy Juan O'Donojú signed the Treaty of Córdoba, recognizing the independence of Mexico in personal union with Spain.|
|1917||5 February||Mexican Revolution: The current constitution of Mexico was approved by a constituent assembly in Querétaro.|
|1968||2 October||Tlatelolco massacre: The government fired on a crowd of student protesters in the Plaza de las Tres Culturas in Mexico City, killing between thirty and three hundred.|
|1985||19 September||1985 Mexico City earthquake: An earthquake centered off the Pacific coast of Michoacán caused ten thousand deaths and between three and four billion US$ in damage in Mexico City.|
|1988||6 July||Mexican general election, 1988: Carlos Salinas de Gortari of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) was elected president in a rigged election, with an official 51% of the vote. The PRI maintained its majority in the Chamber of Deputies.|
|1989||5 May||Constituent parties of the National Democratic Front (FDN) established the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) under the leadership of Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas.|
|2003||6 July||Mexican legislative election, 2003: The PRI won a plurality of seats in the Chamber of Deputies.|
|2006||2 July||Mexican general election, 2006: Felipe Calderón of the National Action Party (PAN) won the presidency with 36% of the vote. The PAN won a plurality of seats in the Chamber of Deputies.|
|30 July||Andrés Manuel López Obrador of the PRD led hundreds of thousands in a protest against the election results at Zócalo in Mexico City.|
|2009||5 July||Mexican legislative election, 2009: The PRI won a plurality of seats in the Chamber of Deputies.|
|2012||1 July||Mexican general election, 2012: Enrique Peña Nieto of the PRI won the presidency with 39% of the vote. The PRI won a plurality of seats in the Chamber of Deputies.|
- Cities in Mexico
- Timeline of Acapulco
- Timeline of Aguascalientes city
- Timeline of Campeche city
- Timeline of Chihuahua city
- Timeline of Guadalajara
- Timeline of Guanajuato city
- Timeline of Ciudad Juárez
- Timeline of León
- Timeline of Mérida
- Timeline of Mexico City
- Timeline of Monterrey
- Timeline of Puebla city
- Timeline of Tijuana
- Timeline of Villahermosa
- George Henry Townsend (1867), "Mexico", A Manual of Dates (2nd ed.), London: Frederick Warne & Co.
- William Henry Overall, ed. (1870). "Mexico". Dictionary of Chronology. London: William Tegg.
- Louis Heilprin (1885). "Mexico". Historical Reference Book...Chronological Dictionary of Universal History. New York: D. Appleton and Company – via Hathi Trust.
- Charles E. Little (1900), "Mexico", Cyclopedia of Classified Dates, New York: Funk & Wagnalls
- Benjamin Vincent (1910), "Mexico", Haydn's Dictionary of Dates (25th ed.), London: Ward, Lock & Co.
- John Fisher (1999), "Monumental Chronology", Mexico, Rough Guides (4th ed.), London, p. 601+, OL 24935876M
- BBC News. "Mexico Profile: Timeline".