This is the timeline of the Mongol Empire from 1206, when Temüjin received the title of Genghis Khan, to the death in 1370 of the last emperor of Yuan dynasty in China, who had been deposed in 1368. The Yuan emperors used the title of Khagan (Great Khan, or Emperor) of the Mongols as successors to Genghis as overlord of all the Mongol dominions, though after the death of Kublai Khan in 1294, their suzerainty over the other divisions of the Mongol Empire (initially the Chagatai Khanate, the Golden Horde, and the Ilkhanate) was almost notional. The Mongol Empire is usually considered to have come to an end in 1368, though the title of Khagan continued to be used by the rulers of the Northern Yuan dynasty, a far less powerful successor entity, until 1634.
Eurasia on the eve of the Mongol invasions, c. 1200.
1206: Upon domination of Mongolia, Temüjin from the Orkhon Valley received the title Genghis Khan, thought to mean Universal Ruler or, Oceanic Ruler or Firm, Resolute Ruler
1207: The Mongols' operations against the Western Xia, which comprised much of northwestern China and parts of Tibet. This campaign lasted until 1210 with the Western Xia ruler submitting to Genghis Khan. During this period, the UyghurTurks also submitted peacefully to the Mongols and became valued administrators throughout the empire. The creation of classic Mongolian script.
1219–1221: While the campaign in southern China was still in progress, the Mongols waged a war in central Asia and destroyed the Khwarezmid Empire. One notable feature was that the campaign was launched from several directions at once. In addition, it was notable for special units assigned by Genghis Khan personally to find and kill Ala al-Din Muhammad II, the Khwarazm shah who fled from them, and ultimately ended up hiding on an island in the Caspian Sea.
1273: Paper money known as Chao issued by the decree of Kublai Khan within the Yuan dynasty.
1274: The first Mongol invasion of Japan (Battle of Bun'ei). The second full scale census in the Golden Horde and its vassals Russian principalities. Smolensk, the last of Russian major city-states became subject to the Golden Horde.
1310: Chapar submitted to the emperor of Yuan dynasty.
1315: Islamization of Golden Horde. Ozbeg Khan presecuted non-Muslim Tatar-Mongols in Russia.
1323: The Ossetian or Asud guard under Tegshi murdered Gegeen Khan of the Yuan dynasty on his way from the summer palace Shangdu to the capital at Dadu. The Ilkhanate made a truce with the Mamluks, ending the half century long Mamluk-Ilkhanid war.
1327: The large rebellion in Tver against Mongol rule. Ozbeg punished them harshly with the assistance of the Muscotives and sent Russian prisoners to his nominal suzerain Jayaatu Khan Tugh Temür of the Yuan.
1335: Last effective Ilkhan Abu Said died, followed by the disintegration of Ilkhanate.
1353: Last of the powerful Ilkhanid contender, Togha Temür, was assassinated.
1356 Jani Beg conducted a military campaign in Azerbaijan and conquered the city of Tabriz, destroying Chupanid Dynasty and compelled the Jalayirids to surrender (two successor states of the Ilkhanate). He also asserted Jochid dominance over the Chagatai Khanate, attempting to unite three khanates of the Mongol Empire.
1359: The assassination of Berdi Beg. The age of Great Troubles began.