Timeline of New France history (1534–1607)
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- 1534 - On July 24, Jacques Cartier plants a cross on the Gaspé Peninsula and claims it for France.
- 1535 - Cartier's expedition sails along the St. Lawrence River in and stops in a little bay he names Baie Saint-Laurent on August 10.
- 1535 - On September 6, Cartier is the first European to discover L'Isle-aux-Coudres, Quebec.
- 1535 - Cartier continues to sail down the St. Lawrence to the village of Hochelaga on October 2.
- 1537 - On June 9, Pope Paul III proclaims that since the Sauvages (Indians) are real humans, they must receive the Roman Catholic faith.
- 1541 - Cartier builds the Charlesbourg-Royal fort, the first permanent European settlement in North America, near the Cap-Rouge River and the St. Lawrence.
- 1598 - Following the 1521 landing on Sable Island in southeast of present-day Nova Scotia by the Portuguese, the French establish a settlement.
- 1600 - Pierre de Chauvin de Tonnetuit founds a trading post at Tadoussac.
- 1603 - Samuel de Champlain takes possession of lands he calls (Newfoundland) and Acadie (Acadia).
- 1604 - Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Monts and Samuel de Champlain establish an ill-fated settlement on the lands of the Passamaquoddy Nation that they give the religious name of Île-Saint-Croix.
- 1605 - Dugua and Champlain move the settlement to the Mi'kmaq Nation lands the French called Habitation at Port-Royal, near Annapolis Royal in present-day Nova Scotia. See Acadia.
- 1606 - Marc Lescarbot put on the first European theatrical production in North America. It was called Le Théâtre de Neptune.
- 1607 - On May 14, Captain Christopher Newport founds the first English colony on lands of the Paspahegh Indians in what they called America: Jamestown, Virginia.
Beginnings to 1533
|Timeline of New France history in Quebec
1534 to 1607
1608 to 1662