Timeline of Pakistani history

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History of Pakistan
Statue of an Indus priest or king found in Mohenjodaro, 1927

This is a timeline of Pakistani history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Pakistan and its predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of Pakistan. See also the list of Presidents of Pakistan and list of Prime Ministers of Pakistan and the list of years in Pakistan.

Although the modern day Pakistan, the land of Indus, emerged on the world map as a new nation-state in 1947 this area has a very long history that goes back over thousands of years and it is one of the world's oldest continuously inhabited regions. The Indus Valley was known as Meluhha[1] in Mesopotamia when the Harappan civilization was thriving here. When the Aryan tribes came and settled down in the upper Indus valley in the middle of the second millennium BC they called it Sapta-Sindhu[2] (the land of seven rivers). Now this Indus land is called Pakistan which is an acronym composed from the initial letters of the name of its provinces namely, Punjab, Khybar Pakhtoon Khwa, Kashmir, Indus, Sindh and the last three letters of Balochistan.





  • March 12 – Objectives Resolution passes moved by Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan.



October 16 – Liaquat Ali Khan assassinated in Rawalpindi. October 17 – Finance Minister Ghulam Mohammad (1895–1956) of Muslim League becomes the third Governor General. Governor General Khawaja Nazimuddin of Muslim League becomes second Prime Minister.





  • 1956: The Constituent Assembly promulgates first indigenous constitution
  • 1956: Constituent Assembly decides the country shall be a Federal Republic known as Islamic Republic of Pakistan.



  • 7 October 1958: After a military coup dictorial Ayub Khan takes over.



  • 1960: Ayub Khan becomes first elected president
  • 1 August 1960: Islamabad is declared as the principal seat of the Government of Pakistan.



In 1962 the second temporary constitution was made which didn't last long and ended soon till the final Constitution of Pakistan was made in 1973.



  • 2 January 1964: Fatima Jinnah lost the presidential elections, Ayub completes the second term.







  • 7 December 1970: Pakistani general election, 1970 were held on 7 December 1970, although the polls in East Pakistan, originally scheduled for October, were delayed by disastrous floods and rescheduled for later in December and January 1971.









  • 11 June 1978: Altaf Hussain founded All Pakistan Muhajir Student Organization (APMSO) in Karachi University.
  • 16 September 1978: General Muhammad Zia ul-Haq becomes Pakistan's sixth president.







  • 18 March 1984: Azeem Ahmed Tariq & Altaf Hussain founded the MQM (Muhajir Qaumi Movement) in Karachi and Hyderabad.








  • 1991: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif begins economic liberalisation programme. Islamic Shariah law formally incorporated into legal code.






  • 5 November 1996: President Farooq Leghari dismisses Bhutto government.



  • 28 May 1998: Pakistan conducts nuclear tests.




  • 20 June: General Pervez Musharraf dismissed the president and named himself to the post.
  • 15 July: Agra Summit starts. President Pervez Musharraf and Indian Prime Minister Vajpayee holds talks over long-standing issues.
  • 14 August: New Local Government system installed, after holding of elections in three phases.
  • 16 September: US Secretary of State Powell told that Pakistan's President Musharraf had agreed to support the U.S. anti-terrorist campaign.
  • 10 November: US President Bush meets President Musharraf in New York and assures additional aid of one billion dollars.


  • 5 January: Musharraf stunned Vajpayee by a hand-shake at the last 11th SAARC summit in Kathmandu.
  • 1 February: Wall Street Journal reporter, Daniel Pearl killed in Karachi.
  • 16 March: War in North-West Pakistan begins.
  • 30 April: General Pervez Musharraf wins a referendum thus ensures 5 more years in office.
  • 8 May: 2002 Karachi bus bombing, 15 killed.
  • 24 August: President General Musharraf issues the Legal Framework Order 2002.
  • 10 October: Pakistani general election, 2002, First general elections since the 1999 military coup held.
  • 23 November: Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali sworn in as Prime Minister.


  • 24 February: Senate elections: Ruling party wins most seats in voting to the upper house.
  • 23 March: AAJ TV, Pakistan's premier channel inaugurated.
  • 24 June: President Pervez Musharraf meets G.W. Bush in Camp David. US announces $3-billion five-year economic assistance package for Pakistan.
  • 4 July: 2003 Quetta mosque bombing, 44 killed.
  • 11 July: Lahore-Delhi bus service resumed after suspension of 18 months.
  • 14 December: General Musharraf survived an assassination attempt in Rawalpindi.


  • 1 January: General Musharraf won a vote of confidence in the Senate, National Assembly, and provincial assemblies.
  • 5 January: Musharraf meets Vajpayee in Islamabad, discusses Kashmir dispute.
  • 22 May: Pakistan readmitted to Commonwealth.
  • 26 June: Prime Minister Zafarullah Khan Jamali steps down and nominates Ch. Shujaat Hussain as his interim successor.
  • 28 August: Shaukat Aziz becomes Prime Minister.
  • 17 October: Pakistani physician Dr.Muhammad Saeed Fazal Karim Beebani sets new world record for having the smallest Holy Qur'an of the world. His claim was accepted by Guinness world record administration.


Year Date Event
2005 13 July 136 people killed and about 170 injured in a collision of three passenger trains near Ghotki.
14 July NWFP Assembly passes the Hasba bill with a majority vote.
19 July Government of Pakistan launches country-wide crackdown against extremist elements.
8 October The 7.6 Mw Kashmir earthquake affects Azad Kashmir with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe), killing more than 79,000 people and displacing several million more.
11 October Renowned littérateur, linguist and poet, Shanul Haq Haqqee, passes away in Toronto. He was 88.
2006 2 January Dr. Shamshad Akhtar assumes office of State Bank Governor having the first woman Governor of SBP.
14 May Charter of democracy (CoD) is signed by two former prime ministers of Pakistan, Nawaz Sharif and Benazir Bhutto in London.
26 April Pervez Musharraf lays foundation-stone of Diamir-Bhasha dam.
8 July Process to release over 1600 women prisoners from 55 jails across starts after Presidential Ordinance.
10 July Noted poet, writer and columnist, Ahmed Nadeem Qasmi, passes away in Lahore. He was 89.
26 August Prominent Baloch leader and politician Sirdar Akbar Bugti killed by military
2007 9 March President Musharraf dismissed Chief Justice of Pakistan, Iftikhar.
3 July Pakistani security forces started operation Sunrise to liberate Lal Masjid from the fundamentalist Islamic militants
20 July Iftikhar restored as Chief Justice of Pakistan.
18 October Bhutto, Benazir returned to Pakistan, after exile of about 8 years.
3 November Pervez Musharraf imposed emergency, most of the senior judges of Supreme Court ousted.
16 November After completion of 5 years, National Assembly dissolved, Caretaker government of Muhammad Mian Soomro took oath.
25 November Nawaz Sharif returned Pakistan after 7 years of forced exile.
16 December Emergency lifted, banned civil rights and suspended constitution restored
27 December Former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto assassinated in Rawalpindi
2008 2 January The Election Commission announces elections will now be held on February 18.
18 February Elections are held amidst tight security. PPP, PML-N, PML-N and ANP win 124, 91, 54 and 13 seats respectively.
24 March Yusuf Raza Gilani is elected as the new Prime Minister.
18 August Pervaiz Musharraf steps down as President of Pakistan. Mohammadmian Soomro takes over as President.
6 September Asif Zardari wins presidential election with 481 votes.
9 September Asif Zardari takes oath as President of Pakistan.
2009 16 February Pakistan government announces a truce with Taliban, acceptting a system of Islamic law in the Swat valley, conceding the area as a Taliban sanctuary.
9 March Militants attack bus with the touring Sri Lankan cricket team. All international cricket matches in Pakistan are suspended. Pakistan also loses its status as hosts for the cricket World Cup 2011.
16 March As the result of long march Lawyers' Movement succeeded. Iftikhar Mohammed Chaudhry was restored as Chief Justice of Pakistan and other judges dismissed by Musharraf.
23 May Pakistan Army launched Operation Rah-e-Rast and cleared Swat Valley of all Taliban elements. It is regarded as one of the most successful counter-insurgency operations in modern age (to 15 July)














See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory Possehl: The Indus Civilization. A Contemporary Perspective. Lanham 2002, S. 217ff.
  2. ^ "History Through The Centuries". Heritage.gov.pk. Retrieved 2012-11-07. 
  3. ^ "Pakistan – Research – Archaeology – The University of Sheffield". Shef.ac.uk. 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-11-07. 
  4. ^ Baumer, Christoph (2012). The History of Central Asia: The Age of the Steppe Warriors. I.B. Tauris. p. 312. ISBN 9781780760605. 
  5. ^ Gandhara Civilization
  6. ^ The Pathans, Olaf Caroe
  7. ^ Battle of Miani, Encyclopædia Britannica
  8. ^ "Pak terror reminder: 18 dead in Lal Masjid blast". Press Trust of India. www.ibnlive.com. 7 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-06. 

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