Timeline of Riyadh

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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Prior to 20th century[edit]

Part of a series on the
History of Saudi Arabia
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  • 1746 - Riyadh established by Dahham bin Dawwas.[1]
  • 1823 - Riyadh becomes capital of Emirate of Nejd.
  • 1865 - Masmak fort built (approximate date).

20th century[edit]

21st century[edit]



See also[edit]

Other cities in Saudi Arabia


  1. ^ a b Saud Al-Oteibi; Allen G. Noble; Frank J. Costa (February 1993). "The Impact of Planning on Growth and Development in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 1970-1990". GeoJournal. 29. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Mohammed Al-Gabbani (August 1991). "Population Density Pattern and Change in the City of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia". GeoJournal. 24. 
  3. ^ a b c d Yasser Elsheshtawy, ed. (2008), The Evolving Arab City, Routledge, ISBN 9780415411561 
  4. ^ a b c d e Ayman Shabana (2010), "Saudi Arabia: Libraries, Archives and Museums", in Marcia J. Bates, Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences, Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, ISBN 9780849397127 
  5. ^ a b Hans Karl Barth; Friedrich Quiel (July 1987). "Riyadh and its Development". GeoJournal. 15. 
  6. ^ William A. Rugh (2004). "Loyalist Press: Major Daily Newspapers". Arab Mass Media: Newspapers, Radio, and Television in Arab Politics. Greenwood. p. 61. ISBN 978-0-275-98212-6. 
  7. ^ Robert Wedgeworth, ed. (1993). "Saudi Arabia". World Encyclopedia of Library and Information Services (3rd ed.). American Library Association. ISBN 978-0-8389-0609-5. 
  8. ^ John L. Esposito (2003). Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Oxford University Press. 
  9. ^ "Faisal Slayer Beheaded", Milwaukee Sentinel, June 19, 1975, p3
  10. ^ "Wadi Hanifah". BBC News. May 26, 2012. Retrieved November 10, 2012. 
  11. ^ "500 Publishing Companies Set to Take Part in Riyadh Book Fair". Arab News. Jeddah. January 11, 2007. Retrieved November 10, 2012. 
  12. ^ "Saudi Jeans". March 9, 2008. Retrieved November 10, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Powerful sandstorm hits Riyadh". BBC News. 10 March 2009. Retrieved November 10, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Saudi Arabia: Funeral held for Crown Prince Sultan". BBC News. October 25, 2011. Retrieved November 10, 2012. 
  15. ^ "Lockheed Martin opens new HQs in Kingdom", Saudi Gazette, 3 February 2013 
  16. ^ World Health Organization (2016), Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database, Geneva 

Further reading[edit]

Published in the 19th century
  • William Gifford Palgrave (1868), "Ri'ad (etc.)", Personal narrative of a year's journey through central and eastern Arabia (1862-63), London: Macmillan 
  • George Ripley; Charles A. Dana, eds. (1879). "Riyad". American Cyclopaedia (2nd ed.). NY: Appleton. 
Published in the 20th century

External links[edit]