Timeline of Sydney

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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Pre-Colonial[edit]

Sydney Cove, Port Jackson, 1792
  • 50,000-45,000 BP – Near Penrith, a far western suburb of Sydney, numerous Aboriginal stone tools were found in Cranebrook Terraces gravel sediments dating to this time period; at first when these results were new they were controversial. More recently in 1987 and 2003, dating of the same strata has revised and corroborated these dates.[1]
  • 30,000 BP – Radiocarbon dating suggests human activity occurred in and around the Sydney basin, as evidenced by an archaeological dig in Parramatta, in Western Sydney.[2][3] The finds show that the Aboriginal Australians in that region used charcoal, stone tools and possible ancient campfires.[4][5]
  • 21,100-17,800 BP – Stone artifact assemblages dating to this time period discovered in Shaws Creek (near Hawkesbury River) and in Blue Mountains. A rock shelter with flakes dating to this period discovered near Nepean River.[6]
  • 4,000-2,000 BC – The first backed stone artifacts developed, such as blades and spears. The stones would drill, scrape, cut and grind material. They were also associated with woodworking.[7]
  • 1,000-500 BC – Bone and shell usage dating to this period discovered. They would've been attached to fishing spear prongs, which would mean that multi-pronged fishing spears occurred at this time. The evidence of spear-throwing is suggested by an excavated shell in Balmoral Beach.[8]

18th–19th centuries[edit]

Government House, 1819

20th century[edit]

1900s–1940s[edit]

King Street, circa 1900
Aerial view of Sydney, 1932

1950s–1990s[edit]

21st century[edit]

2000s[edit]

2010s[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Attenbrow, Val (2010). Sydney's Aboriginal Past: Investigating the Archaeological and Historical Records. Sydney: UNSW Press. pp. 152–153. ISBN 978-1-74223-116-7. Retrieved 11 Nov 2013. 
  2. ^ Geoffrey Blainey; A Very Short History of the World; Penguin Books; 2004; ISBN 978-0-14-300559-9
  3. ^ Blainey, Geoffrey (2004). A Very Short History of the World. Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-14-300559-9. 
  4. ^ Macey, Richard (2007). "Settlers' history rewritten: go back 30,000 years". The Sydney Morning Herald. 
  5. ^ Mulvaney, D J and White, Peter, 1987, Australians to 1788, Fairfax, Syme & Weldon, Sydney
  6. ^ V Attenbrow, G Robertson and P Hiscock, 'The changing abundance of backed artefacts in south-eastern Australia: a response to climate change?', Journal of Archaeological Science, vol 36, no 2009, pp 2765–70
  7. ^ P Hiscock, Archaeology of Ancient Australia, Routledge, New York, 2008
  8. ^ J McDonald, Dreamtime Superhighway. An Analysis of Sydney Basin Rock Art and Prehistoric Information Exchange, Terra Australis 27, ANU EPress, Canberra, 2008
  9. ^ a b c "Australia Profile: Timeline". BBC News. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  10. ^ Collins, D., An Account of the English Colony in New South Wales, Vol. 1, Cadell and Davies, London, 1798.
  11. ^ Willey, K., When the sky fell down : the destruction of the tribes of the Sydney region, 1788-1850s, Collins, Sydney, 1979
  12. ^ Townsend 1867.
  13. ^ "Colonial fort that never was". Sydney Morning Herald. 21 October 2008. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  14. ^ Bain 2007.
  15. ^ a b "Sydney (N.S.W.) Newspapers". WorldCat. USA: Online Computer Library Center. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  16. ^ a b Steven Anzovin and Janet Podell, ed. (2000). Famous First Facts. H.W. Wilson Co. ISBN 0824209583. 
  17. ^ a b Heaton 1879.
  18. ^ Waugh's Australian Almanac. Sydney: Sherriff and Downing. 1863. 
  19. ^ a b c d e Britannica 1910.
  20. ^ Old Times 1903.
  21. ^ Reekie 1987.
  22. ^ Golder 1995.
  23. ^ a b c d e f "City Boundaries and Wards, 1842–2004". Historical Atlas of Sydney. City of Sydney Archives. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  24. ^ a b c d e Leon E. Seltzer, ed. (1952), "Sydney", Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer of the World, New York: Columbia University Press, p. 1856, OL 6112221M 
  25. ^ Proudfoot 1986.
  26. ^ Moore's Australian Almanac. Sydney: J.J. Moore. 1878. 
  27. ^ Yearbook 1891.
  28. ^ a b Haydn 1910.
  29. ^ "Australian Trade Union Archives". Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  30. ^ Annual Report 1903.
  31. ^ a b Sydney University Museums. "Commercial Photographers". Collections. University of Sydney. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  32. ^ Annual Report 1904.
  33. ^ a b c d e f Board of Studies. "Australian 20th Century Timeline". Teaching Heritage. New South Wales Government. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  34. ^ a b c Rod Kirkpatrick (2012). "Press Timeline". Australian Newspaper Plan. National Library of Australia. 
  35. ^ a b c d e Exchange 2011.
  36. ^ "Australia, 1900 A.D.–present: Key Events". Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 30 January 2015. 
  37. ^ a b c "Movie Theaters in Sydney, New South Wales". CinemaTreasures.org. Los Angeles: Cinema Treasures LLC. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  38. ^ "Our History". Paddington Society. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  39. ^ "San Francisco Sister Cities". USA: City & County of San Francisco. Retrieved 30 December 2015. 
  40. ^ Punter 2004.
  41. ^ a b c "Organizations". International Relations and Security Network. Switzerland: Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  42. ^ "Local history groups". City of Syndey. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  43. ^ "Australia". Art Spaces Directory. New York: New Museum. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  44. ^ "City of Sydney Historical Association". Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  45. ^ "Population of Capital Cities and Cities of 100,000 or More Inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2012. United Nations Statistics Division. 2013. 
  46. ^ "Fairfax journalists in Australia walk out over job cuts", BBC News, 3 May 2017 

Bibliography[edit]

Published in the 19th century[edit]

Published in the 20th century[edit]

Published in the 21st century[edit]

  • Sydney: the Emergence of a World City. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 2000.
  • P. Spearritt. (2000), Sydney's Century: a History. Sydney: University of New South Wales Press.
  • Sydney, Condensed Guides, Lonely Planet, 2000, OL 8647599M 
  • "Sydney: On Top of the World Down Under", National Geographic Magazine, USA, 198, 2000 
  • Ken Bernstein (2003), "Sydney", Pocket Guide Australia, Berlitz, OL 9196697M 
  • "Sydney". Understanding Slums: Case Studies for the Global Report 2003. United Nations Human Settlements Programme and University College London. 2003. 
  • John Punter (2004). "From the Ill-Mannered to the Iconic: Design Regulation in Central Sydney 1947–2002". Town Planning Review. 75. JSTOR 40112621. 
  • Jim Bain (2007). A Financial Tale of Two Cities: Sydney and Melbourne's Remarkable Contest for Commercial Supremacy. UNSW Press. ISBN 978-0-86840-963-4. 
  • History Program (2011). "Exchange: Commercial & Retail Sydney". Historical Walking Tours. City of Sydney. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°51′36″S 151°12′40″E / 33.859972°S 151.211111°E / -33.859972; 151.211111