Timeline of computing 2020–present

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This article presents a detailed timeline of events in the history of computing from 2020 to the present. For narratives explaining the overall developments, see the history of computing.

Significant events in computing include events relating directly or indirectly to software, hardware and wetware.

Currently mostly[clarification needed] excluded are:

  • events in general robotics
  • events about uses of computational tools in biotechnology and similar fields (except for improvements to the underlying computational tools) as well as events in media-psychology except when those are directly linked to computational tools

Currently excluded are:

Growth of supercomputer performance, based on data from the top500.org website. The logarithmic y-axis shows performance in GFLOPS.
  Combined performance of 500 largest supercomputers
  Fastest supercomputer
  Supercomputer in 500th place
Share of operating systems families in TOP500 supercomputers by time trend
Usage share of web browsers in November 2020 according to StatCounter

2022[edit]

Software-hardware systems[edit]

The overall process of testing the reproducibility and robustness of the cancer biology literature via Eve[3]
  • The first data transmission to exceed 1 petabit per second (Pbit/s) using only a single laser and a single optical chip is demonstrated by European researchers.[19][20]

Software[edit]

  • Computational biologists report the largest detailed human genetic genealogy, unifying human genomes from many sources for insights about human history, ancestry and evolution. It demonstrates a novel computational method for estimating how human DNA is related, in specific as a series of 13 million linked trees along the genome, a tree-sequence, which has also been called "the largest human family tree".[25][26][27]
  • Researchers report the creation of a version control system for cell engineering, suggesting it to be a "significant step toward more open, reproducible, easier to trace and share, and more trustworthy engineering biology", and possibly increase safety by enabling faster tracing of organisms lab of origin and design details via barcoding.[28][29]
Measured results of the study about change in intelligence in children 9–12 from screen time watching, screen time Socializing and screen time gaming.[37]
Deep learning systems learn intuitive basic physics similar to infants and any physics via potential variables-identification from only visual data (of virtual 3D environments).
AI company DeepMind reports that its AlphaFold program has determined the likely structure of nearly every protein known to science.
  • A researcher reports that the social media app TikTok adds a keylogger to its, on iOS essentially unavoidable, in-app browser in iOS, which allows its Chinese company to gather, for example, passwords, credit card details, and everything else that is typed into websites opened from taps on any external links within the app. Shortly after the report, the company claims such capabilities are only used for debugging-types of purposes.[68][69] To date, it has largely not been investigated which and to which extent (other) apps have capacities for such or similar data-collection.[68][69][additional citation(s) needed]
~August: Artificial intelligence art becomes highly sophisticated and popular and starts winning art prizes. The two images are made via the open source Stable Diffusion.

Hardware[edit]

  • Scientists report a so far unique and unknown feature of material VO2 – it can "remember" previous external stimuli (via structural rather than electronic states), with potential for e.g. data storage.[116][117]

2021[edit]

A study finds that carbon emissions from Bitcoin mining in China – where a majority of the proof-of-work algorithm that generates current economic value is computed, largely fueled by nonrenewable sources – have accelerated rapidly and would soon exceed total annual emissions of countries like Italy, interfering with climate change mitigation commitments.
  • Scientists review materials strategies for organic neuromorphic devices, suggesting that "their biocompatibility and mechanical conformability give them an advantage for creating adaptive biointerfaces, brain-machine interfaces, and biology-inspired prosthetics".[131][132][relevant?]
Researchers publish the first in-depth study of Web browser tab interfaces.
  • Researchers publish the first in-depth study of Web browser tab interfaces. They found that many people struggle with tab overload and conducted surveys and interviews about people's tab use. Thereby they formalized pressures for closing tabs and for keeping tabs open. The authors then developed related UI design considerations which could enable better tools and changes to the code of Web browsers – like Firefox – that allow knowledge workers and other users to better manage their tabs.[133][134]
  • Operation of the U.S. Colonial Pipeline is interrupted by a ransomware cyber attack.[135][relevant?]
  • A new record for the smallest single-chip system is achieved, occupying a total volume of less than 0.1 mm³.[136][137]
Scientists demonstrate the first brain–computer interface that decodes neural signals for handwriting and has a record output speed of up to 90 characters per minute – more than double the previous record.
Scientists debate and research cognitive impacts of smartphones and digital technology in general and by prevalent forms of use.
  • In the debate the cognitive impacts of smartphones and digital technology a group reports that, contrary to widespread belief, scientific evidence doesn't show that these technologies harm biological cognitive abilities and that they instead change predominant ways of cognition – such as a reduced need to remember facts or conduct mathematical calculations by pen and paper outside contemporary schools. However, some activities – like reading novels – that require long attention-spans and don't feature ongoing rewarding stimulation may become more challenging in general.[151][152]
Open 3D Engine is released.
DeepMind's AlphaFold AI predicts the structures of over 350,000 proteins, including 98.5% of the ~20,000 proteins in the human body, along with degrees of confidence for accuracy.
  • DeepMind announces that its AlphaFold AI has predicted the structures of over 350,000 proteins, including 98.5% of the ~20,000 proteins in the human body. The 3D data along with their degrees of confidence for accuracy is made freely available with a new database, doubling the previous number of protein structures in the public domain.[160]
  • Scientists publish the first complete neuron-level-resolution 3D map of a monkey brain which they scanned within 100 hours.[161][162]
A researcher reports that solar superstorms would cause large-scale global months-long Internet outages.
Researchers develop machine learning models for genome-based early detection and prioritization of high-risk potential zoonotic viruses.
Schema of how the open database, interactive visualization tools, protocols and a metadata ontology for reporting device data, open-source code for data analysis, etc. can support perovskite solar cell development[191]
  • Researchers report the development of a database and analysis tool about perovskite solar cells which systematically integrates over 15,000 publications, in particular device-data about over 42,400 of such photovoltaic devices. Authors described the site – which requires signing up to access the data and uses software that is partly open source but to date not free software[192] – as a participative "Wikipedia for perovskite solar cell research" and suggest that extensively capturing the progress of an entire field including interactive data exploration functionalities could also be applicable to many fields in materials science, engineering and biosciences.[193][191]
  • A third[194] main convergent graphical shell (Maui Shell) and UI framework (MauiKit), based on KDE/Kirigami, for the GNU/Linux operating system on smartphones, desktops and other devices, is released.[195][196][197][198]

2020[edit]

Awards and challenges[edit]

To display all pages, subcategories and images click on the "►":
Computer-related events(11 C, 10 P)
Award / challenge Year Recipient/s / winner/s Description
FSF Free Software Awards – Advancement of Free Software award 2020 Bradley M. Kuhn For his work in enforcing the GNU General Public License (GPL) and promoting copyleft through his position at Software Freedom Conservancy.[231][232]
FSF Free Software Awards – Advancement of Free Software award 2021 Paul Eggert A computer scientist who teaches in the Department of Computer Science at the University of California, Los Angeles, contributor to the GNU operating system for over thirty years and current maintainer of the Time Zone Database. [233][234][235]
FSF Free Software Awards – Social benefit award 2020 CiviCRM Free program that nonprofit organizations around the world use to manage their mailings and contact databases[231][232]
FSF Free Software Awards – Social benefit award 2021 SecuRepairs An association of information security experts who support the right to repair[233][234][235]
FSF Free Software Awards – Award for outstanding new Free Software contributor 2020 Alyssa Rosenzweig Leads the Panfrost project,[236] a project to reverse engineer and implement a free driver for the Mali series of graphics processing units (GPUs) used on a wide variety of single-board computers and mobile phones.[231][232]
FSF Free Software Awards – Award for outstanding new Free Software contributor 2021 Protesilaos Stavrou A philosopher who since 2019 has become a mainstay of the GNU Emacs community through his blog posts, conference talks, livestreams, and code contributions.[233][234][235]

Deaths[edit]

2022[edit]

2021[edit]

2020[edit]

Further topics[edit]

Very broad outlines of topic domains and topics with substantial progress during the decade not yet included above with a Further information: link:

Software[edit]

COVID-19[edit]

Economic events and economics[edit]

General topics

New releases[edit]

To display all pages, subcategories and images click on the "►":
2020s software(7 C)
2020s robots(2 C)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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