Timeline of computing 2020–present
Jump to navigation Jump to search
|History of computing|
|Timeline of computing|
|Glossary of computer science|
|2022 in science|
Currently mostly[clarification needed] excluded are:
- events in general robotics
- events about uses of computational tools in biotechnology and similar fields (except for improvements to the underlying computational tools) as well as events in media-psychology except when those are directly linked to computational tools
Currently excluded are:
- events in computer insecurity/hacking incidents/breaches/Internet conflicts/malware if they aren't also about milestones towards computer security
- events about quantum computing and communication
- economic events and events of new technology policy beyond standardization
- Researchers demonstrate semi-automated testing for reproducibility (which is lacking especially in cancer research) via extraction of statements about experimental results in, as of 2022 non-semantic, gene expression cancer research papers and subsequent testing with breast cancer cell lines via robot scientist "Eve".
- Agilicious, an open-source and open-hardware versatile standardized quadrotor drone, currently tailored toward agility, is released.
- A university reports the release of 'Quad-SDK' which may be the first open source full-stack software for large agile four-legged robots, compatible with the ROS.[better source needed]
- News outlets report about deployment, research and development of novel military drone technology in the Russo-Ukrainian War in 2022, including demining drones, self-repurposed commercial/hobby drones (including via a hackathon),[better source needed] reconnaissance microdrones, kamikaze drones, bomb-dropping modified drones, and countermeasures such as electronic ones.
- The first data transmission to exceed 1 petabit per second (Pbit/s) using only a single laser and a single optical chip is demonstrated by European researchers.
- News outlets report about a novel agricultural robot for viable weed control using lasers or "laserweeding". There are similar precision agriculture machines that have been reported before, also e.g. applying low amounts of herbicides and fertilizers with precision while mapping plant locations, in some cases autonomously. Their benefits may include "healthier crops and soil, decreased herbicide use, and reduced chemical and labor costs".
- A report by the Royal Society lists potential or proposed countermeasures against misinformation, mainly online misinformation, such as, broadly described, building resilience to scientific misinformation and a healthy online information environment.
- Computational biologists report the largest detailed human genetic genealogy, unifying human genomes from many sources for insights about human history, ancestry and evolution. It demonstrates a novel computational method for estimating how human DNA is related, in specific as a series of 13 million linked trees along the genome, a tree-sequence, which has also been called "the largest human family tree".
- Researchers report the creation of a version control system for cell engineering, suggesting it to be a "significant step toward more open, reproducible, easier to trace and share, and more trustworthy engineering biology", and possibly increase safety by enabling faster tracing of organisms lab of origin and design details via barcoding.
- A preprint demonstrates how backdoors can be placed undetectably into classifying (e.g. posts as "spam" or well-visible "not spam") machine learning models which are often developed and/or trained by third parties. Parties can change the classification of any input, including in cases with types of data/software transparency, possibly including white-box access.
- Researchers report routes for recycling 200 industrial waste chemicals into important drugs and agrochemicals using a software for computer-aided chemical synthesis design, helping enable "circular chemistry" as a potential area of a circular economy.
- The first global, interactive AI- and satellite monitoring-based, map and analysis of plastic waste sites to help prevention of plastic pollution, especially ocean pollution is published.
- A study suggests that in children at age 8–12 during two years, time gaming or watching digital videos can be positively correlated with measures intelligence, albeit correlations with overall screen time (including social media, socializing and TV) were not investigated and 'time gaming' did not differentiate between categories of video games (e.g. shares of games' platform and genre).
- Computing and the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine:
An editorial published in a journal notes that remote surgery and types of videoconferencing for sharing expertise (e.g. ad hoc assistance) have been and could be used to support doctors in Ukraine. A forum contribution analyzes Russian users' reactions to the Bucha massacre on social media – on nationalist Telegram channels. Computer science and technology is also used to defend against the 2022 Russian invasion such as with military technology, to document and communicate war events including via facial recognition of dead Russian soldiers and Russian war crimes, and for aggregated information about support opportunities for Ukrainian scientists.
- Researchers demonstrate a MRI-ML-based approach that can diagnose early Alzheimer's disease with high accuracy and may help identify unknown related changes in the brain.
- A study explores the efficacy of GitHub Sponsors, launched in 2019, in terms of supporting FOSS-efforts and the sponsors' intentions as well as the motivation of sponsors and various quantitative and qualitative analyses relevant to this approach of FOSS-funding.
- Progress in climate change mitigation (CCM) living review-like works:
The living document-like aggregation, assessment, integration and review website Project Drawdown adds 11 new CCM solutions to its organized set of mitigation techniques. The website's modeling framework is used in a study document to show that metal recycling has significant potential for CCM. A revised or updated version, using computer models, of a major worldwide 100% renewable energy proposed plan and model is published.
- Researchers report the development of a deep learning system that learns intuitive physics from visual data (of virtual 3D environments) to some degree "from scratch" based on an unpublished approach inspired by studies of visual cognition in infants. Two weeks later, other researchers report the development of a machine learning algorithm that could discover sets of basic variables of various physical systems and predict the systems' future dynamics from video recordings of their behavior.
- Researchers report the development of deep learning software that can design proteins that contain prespecified functional sites.
- DeepMind announces that its AlphaFold program has uncovered the structures of more than 200 million folded proteins, essentially all of those known to science.
- A screening AI system for many cancer types that integrates different types of data via multimodal learning is reported.
- News outlets report that in July, for the first time, more people watched streaming TV than cable within the U.S.[globalize].
- A researcher reports that the social media app TikTok adds a keylogger to its, on iOS essentially unavoidable, in-app browser in iOS, which allows its Chinese company to gather, for example, passwords, credit card details, and everything else that is typed into websites opened from taps on any external links within the app. Shortly after the report, the company claims such capabilities are only used for debugging-types of purposes. To date, it has largely not been investigated which and to which extent (other) apps have capacities for such or similar data-collection.[additional citation(s) needed]
- A university reports the development of a driver isolation framework to protect operating system kernels, primarily the monolithic Linux kernel which gets ~80,000 commits/year to its drivers, from defects and vulnerabilities in device drivers, with the Mars Research Group developers describing this lack of isolation as one of the main factors undermining kernel security.
- A study concludes that advanced artificial intelligence with learned goal planning would or may intervene in the provision of reward to short-circuit reward via advanced exploits of ambiguity in the data about its goal such as considering the sending of the reward itself as humans' goal and intervening in the data-provision about its goal.
- News outlets report artificial intelligence art has won the first place in a digital art competition. Such artistic imagery is generated using input consisting of text and sometimes images, usually including parameters such as artistic style (text-to-image generation). Around the time, an expert concludes that "AI art is everywhere right now", with even experts not knowing what it will mean, a news outlet establishes that "AI-generated art booms" and reports about issues of copyright and automation of professional artists, a news outlet investigates how online communities (e.g. their rules) confronted with many such artworks react, a news outlets raised concerns over deepfakes, a magazine highlights possibilities of enabling "new forms of artistic expression", an editorial notes that it may be seen as a welcome "augmentation of human capability".[additional citation(s) needed] Moreover, additional functionalities – such as enabling the use of user-provided concepts (like an object or a style) learned from few images for novel personalized art generated from the associated word/s (2 Aug) or expanding beyond the borders of artistic images in the same style (31 Aug) – are reported. On 22 August, Stable Diffusion is released as open source software.
- A new deep learning technique enables year-round measurements of sea ice thickness in the Arctic.
- A research report by NewsGuard indicates there is a high level of online misinformation delivered – to a mainly young user base – with TikTok, whose usage is increasing.
- The second largest cryptocurrency, Ethereum, switches from the proof-of-work (electricity consumption for validation) to the proof-of-stake (staked holdings for validation) algorithm, which cuts its large respective electricity consumption.
- Results of investigations about the issue of recommendation systems shifting their users' preferences "so they are easier to satisfy" are reported, including for actively optimizing such software to avoid problematic shifts/manipulation, suggesting "that recommenders that optimize for staying in the trust region can avoid manipulative behaviors while still generating engagement".
- An open source platform to match genomically profiled cancer patients to precision medicine drug trials is reported.
- Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research reported an organic artificial spiking neuron for in-situ sensing and biointerface that exhibits the signal diversity of biological neurons.
- A logic gate for computation at femtosecond timescales is demonstrated.
- A study estimates losses of 61 metals to help the development of circular economy strategies, showing that usespans of, often scarce, tech-critical metals are short.
- [relevant?] Researchers report a robotic finger covered in a type of manufactured living human skin. Researchers demonstrate an electronic skin giving biological skin-like haptic sensations and touch/pain-sensitivity to a robotic hand. A system of an electronic skin and a human-machine interface is reported that can enable remote sensed tactile perception, and wearable or robotic sensing of many hazardous substances and pathogens. A multilayer tactile sensor hydrogel-based robot skin is demonstrated.
- [relevant?]Samsung announces the first mass production of computer chips using a 3 nm process. These feature a gate-all-around transistor architecture that reduces power consumption by up to 45%, improves performance by 23% and reduces area by 16% compared to 5 nm.
- Researchers report the development of nanoscale brain-inspired artificial synapses, using the ion proton (H+
), for 'analog deep learning'.
- The creation of artificial neurons that can receive and release dopamine (chemical signals rather than electrical signals) and communicate with natural rat muscle and brain cells is reported, with potential for use in BCIs/prosthetics.
- Scientists report a so far unique and unknown feature of material VO2 – it can "remember" previous external stimuli (via structural rather than electronic states), with potential for e.g. data storage.
- Researchers report the development of remote controlled cyborg cockroaches functional if moving to sunlight for recharging.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (April 2021)
- [Meta/Policy/Philosophy] – Thomas Metzinger, a German philosopher of cognitive science and applied ethics, calls for a "global moratorium on synthetic phenomenology" which, "until 2050", precautionarily bans "all research that directly aims at or knowingly risks the emergence of artificial consciousness on post-biotic carrier systems" – and could be gradually refined. The paper does not describe mechanisms of global enforcement of such proposed regulations which do not consider biotic or semi-biotic systems and aims to limit suffering risks.
- [Type of database] – A new global food emissions database indicates that the current food systems are responsible for one third of the global anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions.
- [Data usage] – In a static proprietary article that appeared in and was co-reviewed by a scientific journal, authenticated scientists analyze data from multiple public databases to create a regional representation of levels of deforestation induced by nations' recent, largely unmodulated, trade-, production- and consumption-patterns.
- A study finds that carbon emissions from Bitcoin mining in China – where a majority of the proof-of-work algorithm that generates current economic value is computed, largely fueled by nonrenewable sources – have accelerated rapidly and would soon exceed total annual emissions of countries like Italy, interfering with climate change mitigation commitments.
- Neuralink reveals a male macaque with chips embedded on each side of its brain, playing a mind-controlled version of Pong. While similar technology has been demonstrated for decades, and wireless implants have existed for years, some observers note that the organization increased the number of implanted electrodes that are read wirelessly.
- Scientists review materials strategies for organic neuromorphic devices, suggesting that "their biocompatibility and mechanical conformability give them an advantage for creating adaptive biointerfaces, brain-machine interfaces, and biology-inspired prosthetics".[relevant?]
- Researchers publish the first in-depth study of Web browser tab interfaces. They found that many people struggle with tab overload and conducted surveys and interviews about people's tab use. Thereby they formalized pressures for closing tabs and for keeping tabs open. The authors then developed related UI design considerations which could enable better tools and changes to the code of Web browsers – like Firefox – that allow knowledge workers and other users to better manage their tabs.
- Operation of the U.S. Colonial Pipeline is interrupted by a ransomware cyber attack.[relevant?]
- A new record for the smallest single-chip system is achieved, occupying a total volume of less than 0.1 mm³.
- Scientists demonstrate the first brain–computer interface that decodes neural signals for handwriting. The character output speed of a patient with a paralyzed hand was up to 90 characters per minute – more than double the previous record. Each letter is associated with a highly distinctive pattern of activity in the brain, making it relatively easy for the algorithm to distinguish them.
- Archivists initiate a rescue mission to secure enduring access to humanity's largest public library of scientific articles, Sci-Hub, due to the site's increased legal troubles, using Web and BitTorrent technologies.
- Google demonstrates a research project called LaMDA, an automatic language generation system designed to sustain a conversation with a person on any topic.
- The most comprehensive 3D map of the human brain – of a millionth of a brain and requiring 1.4 petabytes of storage space – is published.
- El Salvador passes the Bitcoin Law, making the first country give cryptocurrency and bitcoin a status of legal tender. The law was passed by the Legislative Assembly of El Salvador on June 8, 2021, giving the cryptocurrency bitcoin the status of legal tender within El Salvador after September 7, 2021. It was proposed by President Nayib Bukele. The text of the law states that "the purpose of this law is to regulate bitcoin as unrestricted legal tender with liberating power, unlimited in any transaction, and to any title that public or private natural or legal persons require carrying out".
- GitHub Copilot, a programmer assistant AI, is released.  Later FOSS variants of the tool include FauxPilot.
- In the debate the cognitive impacts of smartphones and digital technology a group reports that, contrary to widespread belief, scientific evidence doesn't show that these technologies harm biological cognitive abilities and that they instead change predominant ways of cognition – such as a reduced need to remember facts or conduct mathematical calculations by pen and paper outside contemporary schools. However, some activities – like reading novels – that require long attention-spans and don't feature ongoing rewarding stimulation may become more challenging in general.
- Open 3D Engine – a game engine that is free and open source software (FOSS) and has GNU/Linux support – is released.
- Researchers used a brain-computer interface to enable a man who was paralyzed since 2003 to produce comprehensible words and sentences by decoding signals from electrodes in the speech areas of his brain.
- Japan achieves a new world record Internet speed: 319 Tbit/s over ~3000 km which, albeit not being the fastest speed overall, beats the previous record of 178 Tbit/s.
- Scientists report that worldwide adolescent loneliness and depression increased substantially after 2012 and that loneliness in contemporary schools appears to be associated with smartphone access and Internet use.
- DeepMind announces that its AlphaFold AI has predicted the structures of over 350,000 proteins, including 98.5% of the ~20,000 proteins in the human body. The 3D data along with their degrees of confidence for accuracy is made freely available with a new database, doubling the previous number of protein structures in the public domain.
- Scientists publish the first complete neuron-level-resolution 3D map of a monkey brain which they scanned within 100 hours.
- A researcher reports that solar superstorms would cause large-scale global months-long Internet outages. She describes potential mitigation measures and exceptions – such as user-powered mesh networks and related peer-to-peer applications – and the robustness of the current Internet infrastructure.
- Scientists conclude that personal carbon allowances (PCAs) could be a component of climate change mitigation. They find that the economic recovery from COVID-19 and novel digital technology capacities open a window of opportunity for first implementations. PCAs would consist of – e.g. monetary – credit-feedbacks and decreasing default levels of per capita emissions concessions. The researchers find that recent advances in machine learning technology and "smarter home and transport options make it possible to easily track and manage a large share of individuals' emissions" and that feedback effective in engaging individuals to reduce their energy-related emissions and relevant new personalized apps could be designed. Issues may include privacy, evaluating emissions from individuals co-running multinational companies and the availability and prices of products and services.
- Cerebras announces a new hardware and software platform that can support AI models of 120 trillion parameters, enabling neural networks greater than the equivalent number of human brain synapses.
- Pathogen researchers report the development of machine learning models for genome-based early detection and prioritization of high-risk potential zoonotic viruses in animals prior to spillover to humans. They conclude that their tool could be used for virus surveillance for pandemic prevention via (i.a.) measures of "early investigation and outbreak preparedness" and would have been capable of predicting SARS-CoV-2 as a high-risk strain.
- A loss of public IP routes to the Facebook DNS servers due to malfunctioning capacity-assessment code, routinely triggered after configuration changes of routers of the company's data centers, that resulted in stoppage of BGP routing information broadcasts causes the 2021 Facebook outage.
- A study of data traffic by popular smartphones running variants of the Android software finds substantial by-default data collection and sharing with no opt-out (i.e. even the NetGuard firewall, which is not installed by default, may not reliably and completely prevent such data traffic) and implications for users' privacy, control and security.
- Media outlets report about novel technologies for virtual try-ons of clothes for more sustainable fashion and improved online shopping, which increased relative to shopping at local shops that store clothes due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
- A method of DNA data storage with 100 times the density of previous techniques is announced.
- Scientists demonstrate that grown brain cells integrated into digital systems can carry out goal-directed tasks with performance-scores. In particular, playing a simulated (via electrophysiological stimulation) Pong which the cells learned to play faster than known machine intelligence systems, albeit to a lower skill-level than both AI and humans. Moreover, the study suggests it provides "first empirical evidence" of information-processing capacity differences between neurons from different species.
- Researchers reported the development of organic low-power neuromorphic electronics which they built into a robot, enabling it to learn sensorimotorically within the real world, rather than via simulations like in the study above. For the chip, polymers were used and coated with an ion-rich gel to enable the material to carry an electric charge like real neurons.
- Researchers report the development of a system of machine learning and hyperspectral camera that can distinguish between 12 different types of plastics such as PET and PP for automated separation of waste of, as of 2020, highly unstandardized[additional citation(s) needed] plastics products and packaging.
- A scientific review summarizes research and data about telemedicine. Its results indicate that, in general, outcomes of such ICT-use are as good as in-person care with health care use staying similar.
- The Log4Shell security vulnerability in a Java logging framework is publicly disclosed two weeks after its discovery. Because of the ubiquity of the affected software, experts have described it as a most serious computer vulnerability. In a high-level meeting, the importance of security maintenance of open-source software – often also carried out largely by few volunteers – to national security was clarified.
- Researchers report the development of a database and analysis tool about perovskite solar cells which systematically integrates over 15,000 publications, in particular device-data about over 42,400 of such photovoltaic devices. Authors described the site – which requires signing up to access the data and uses software that is partly open source but to date not free software – as a participative "Wikipedia for perovskite solar cell research" and suggest that extensively capturing the progress of an entire field including interactive data exploration functionalities could also be applicable to many fields in materials science, engineering and biosciences.
- A third main convergent graphical shell (Maui Shell) and UI framework (MauiKit), based on KDE/Kirigami, for the GNU/Linux operating system on smartphones, desktops and other devices, is released.
- [when?]Scite.ai – a deep learning-based citation index that classifies scientific citations as 'Supporting', 'Mentioning' or 'Contrasting' the respective study (a type of semantic metadata) – is launched.
- February 7 – AMD releases the Ryzen Threadripper 3990X, the first 64 core CPU for consumer market based on the Zen 2 microarchitecture.
- March 26 – After one of the first and largest public volunteer distributed computing projects SETI@home announced its shutdown by March 31, 2020, and due to heightened interest as a result of to the COVID-19 pandemic, the distributed computing project Folding@home becomes the world's first system to reach one exaFLOPS. The system simulates protein folding, is used for medical research on COVID-19 and achieved a speed of approximately 2.43 x86 exaFLOPS by April 13, 2020 – many times faster than the fastest supercomputer Summit.
- April 20 – Researchers demonstrate a diffusive memristor fabricated from protein nanowires of the bacterium Geobacter sulfurreducens which functions at substantially lower voltages than previously described ones and may allow the construction of artificial neurons which function at voltages of biological action potentials. The nanowires have a range of advantages over silicon nanowires and the memristors may be used to directly process biosensing signals, for neuromorphic computing and/or direct communication with biological neurons.
- May 22 – Australian computer scientists report achieving, thus far, the highest internet speed in the world from a single optical chip source over standard optical fiber, amounting to 44.2 Terabits per sec, or "downloading 1000 high definition movies in a split second".
- May 27 – A study shows that social networks can function poorly as pathways for inconvenient truths, that the interplay between communication and action during disasters may depend on the structure of social networks, that communication networks suppress necessary "evacuations" in test-scenarios because of false reassurances when compared to groups of isolated individuals and that larger networks with a smaller proportion of informed subjects can suffer more damage due to human-caused misinformation.
- June 11 – Chatbot-technology and text-producing AI GPT-3 is released.
- July 6 – [Novel protocol/standard] – The Versatile Video Coding standard (H.266) is finalised, designed to halve the bitrate of previous formats, reducing data volume and being especially useful for on-demand 8K streaming services.
- June 15 – Researchers report the development of a polymer device that can receive dopamine signals from real cells and learns from it.
- July 15 – A cyborg beetle with a camera is demonstrated. The streams video to a smartphone via Bluetooth for a "bug's eye view".
- August 28 – Elon Musk reveals a model of the prototype brain–computer interface chip, implanted in pigs, that his company Neuralink has been working on.
- September 3 – Scientists report finding "176 Open Access journals that, through lack of comprehensive and open archives, vanished from the Web between 2000–2019, spanning all major research disciplines and geographic regions of the world" and that in 2019 only about a third of the 14,068 DOAJ-indexed journals ensured the long-term preservation of their content themselves, with many papers not getting archived by Web archiving initiatives such as the Internet Archive.
- September 18 – Media reports of what may be the first publicly confirmed case of a civilian fatality as a nearly direct consequence of a cyberattack, after ransomware disrupted a hospital in Germany.[relevant?]
- September 25 – [Novel application of computing / software] – Chemists describe, for the first time, possible chemical pathways from nonliving prebiotic chemicals to complex biochemicals that could give rise to living organisms, based on a new computer program named ALLCHEMY.
- October 28 – A review suggests only surgical robot platforms "that can effectively communicate their intent and explain their decisions to their human companions will find their way into the operating room of the future", defines levels of autonomy and suggests "positive evidence will soon emerge and build up" that would motivate "transition to clinical trials".
Awards and challenges
|To display all pages, subcategories and images click on the "►":|
|Award / challenge||Year||Recipient/s / winner/s||Description|
|FSF Free Software Awards – Advancement of Free Software award||2020||Bradley M. Kuhn||For his work in enforcing the GNU General Public License (GPL) and promoting copyleft through his position at Software Freedom Conservancy.|
|FSF Free Software Awards – Advancement of Free Software award||2021||Paul Eggert||A computer scientist who teaches in the Department of Computer Science at the University of California, Los Angeles, contributor to the GNU operating system for over thirty years and current maintainer of the Time Zone Database. |
|FSF Free Software Awards – Social benefit award||2020||CiviCRM||Free program that nonprofit organizations around the world use to manage their mailings and contact databases|
|FSF Free Software Awards – Social benefit award||2021||SecuRepairs||An association of information security experts who support the right to repair|
|FSF Free Software Awards – Award for outstanding new Free Software contributor||2020||Alyssa Rosenzweig||Leads the Panfrost project, a project to reverse engineer and implement a free driver for the Mali series of graphics processing units (GPUs) used on a wide variety of single-board computers and mobile phones.|
|FSF Free Software Awards – Award for outstanding new Free Software contributor||2021||Protesilaos Stavrou||A philosopher who since 2019 has become a mainstay of the GNU Emacs community through his blog posts, conference talks, livestreams, and code contributions.|
- January 2: Hagit Shatkay, 56, Israeli-American computer scientist.
- January 30: Takao Nishizeki, 74, Japanese mathematician and computer scientist.
- February 16: Lorinda Cherry, 77, American computer scientist and programmer.
- February 28: Mary Coombs, 93, British computer programmer.
- September 2: Peter Eckersley (computer scientist), 43, Australian computer scientist.
- January 2: Brad Cox, American computer scientist, and inventor of the Objective-C programming language (b. 1944)
- January 28: Alice Recoque, French computer scientist (b. 1929)
- February 1: Walter Savitch, American computer scientist and theoretical mathematician (b. 1943)
- February 6: Ioan Dzițac, Romanian computer scientist and mathematician (b. 1953)
- March 6: Lou Ottens, Dutch engineer and inventor of the cassette tape (b. 1926)
- April 1: Isamu Akasaki, Japanese engineer and physicist, and inventor of the blue LED (b. 1929)
- April 16: Charles Geschke, American computer scientist, and co-founder of Adobe Inc. (b. 1939)
- April 23: Dan Kaminsky, American computer security researcher (b. 1979)
- May 23: Makoto Nagao, Japanese natural language processing pioneer (b. 1936)
- June 23: John McAfee, British-American antivirus software pioneer, and founder of McAfee (b. 1945)
- January 2: Robert M. Graham, American computer scientist (b. 1929)
- January 3: Joseph Karr O'Connor, American computer scientist (b. 1953)
- January 8: Peter T. Kirstein, British computer scientist (b. 1933)
- February 11: Yasumasa Kanada, Japanese computer scientist (b. 1949)
- February 16:
- February 18: Bert Sutherland, American computer scientist (b. 1936)
- March 2: Vera Pless, American mathematician (b. 1931)
- March 15: Olvi L. Mangasarian, Iraqi-American computer scientist and mathematician (b. 1934)
- April 7
- April 11: John Horton Conway, British mathematician (b. 1937)
- April 25: Thomas Huang, American computer scientist (b. 1936)
- May 9: Timo Honkela, Finnish computer scientist (b. 1962)
- June 5: Deborah Washington Brown, American computer scientist (b. 1952)
- July 10: Michael M. Richter, German mathematician and computer scientist (b. 1938)
- July 26: Bill English, American computer engineer and co-developer of the computer mouse (b. 1929)
- August 4: Frances Allen, American computer scientist, first woman to win the Turing Award (b. 1932)
- August 11: Russell Kirsch, American computer scientist and inventor of the first digital image scanner (b. 1929)
- August 25: Rebeca Guber, Argentine mathematician and computer scientist (b.1926)
- October 2: Victor Zalgaller, Russian-Israeli mathematician (b. 1920)
- November 7: Chung Laung Liu, Taiwanese computer scientist (b. 1934)
- November 14: Peter Pagé, German computer scientist (b. 1939)
- November 23: Konrad Fiałkowski, Polish computer engineer (b. 1939)
- December 1
- December 14: Claudio Baiocchi, Italian mathematician (b. 1940)
- December 22: Edmund M. Clarke, American computer scientist (b. 1945)
- December 23: Lars Arge, Danish computer scientist (b. 1967)
Very broad outlines of topic domains and topics with substantial progress during the decade not yet included above with a Further information: link:
- Applications of wearable technology
- Recent applications of automation
- Smart grid#Research
- R&D of novel machine-readable media[needs update]
- Digital literacy
- Remote sensing
- Digital agriculture
- Precision medicine
- Remote control animal
- Electronic health record
- Neuromorphic engineering
- Research question#ICTs, participation and routine procedures
- Category:Free BIOS implementations
- List of open-source hardware
- Information and communications technology
- List of unsolved problems in computer science
- Outline of finance
- Outline of public relations
- Outline of computing
- Applications of artificial intelligence
- Climate change mitigation#Research
- Archivist#On the Internet
- Decision-making software
- Emulation software
- Technical standard
- Supply chain sustainability#Software
- Linux for mobile devices
- Usage share of operating systems
- Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on education
- Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on science and technology
- Use and development of software for COVID-19 pandemic mitigation
Economic events and economics
- 2020–2021 global chip shortage
- Cryptocurrency bubble#2020–2021 boom and 2021–2022 crash
- Bug bounty program#Notable programs[needs update]
- China–United States trade war#2020 or general technological sovereignty[needs update] policies
- General topics
- Business models for open-source software#FOSS and economy
- Digital transformation#History[needs update]
- Distributive justice[needs update]/Sustainable distribution[needs update]/Sustainable design[needs update]/Algorithms for resource allocation and sustainable food system decision-making[additional citation(s) needed]
- 2020s in economic history#Remote work
|To display all pages, subcategories and images click on the "►":|
- Moore's law#Recent trends
- Smartphone#Other developments in the 2020s
- Timeline of quantum computing and communication#2020s
- Timeline of free and open-source software#2020s[needs update]
- Timeline of social media
- Timeline of file sharing#2010s[needs update]
- Timeline of e-commerce[needs update]
- Timeline of transportation technology#Autonomous vehicles
- Timeline of WhatsApp
- Timeline of programming languages#2020s
- Timeline of machine learning
- Timeline of hypertext technology[needs update]
- Timeline of artificial intelligence
- History of supercomputing
- History of Wikipedia
- "Robot performs first laparoscopic surgery without human help". Johns Hopkins University. January 26, 2022. Archived from the original on January 26, 2022. Retrieved January 27, 2022.
- Saeidi, H.; Opfermann, J. D.; Kam, M.; Wei, S.; Leonard, S.; Hsieh, M. H.; Kang, J. U.; Krieger, A. (January 26, 2022). "Autonomous robotic laparoscopic surgery for intestinal anastomosis". Science Robotics. 7 (62): eabj2908. doi:10.1126/scirobotics.abj2908. PMC 8992572. PMID 35080901. S2CID 246296673.
- Roper, Katherine; Abdel-Rehim, A.; Hubbard, Sonya; Carpenter, Martin; Rzhetsky, Andrey; Soldatova, Larisa; King, Ross D. (2022). "Testing the reproducibility and robustness of the cancer biology literature by robot". Journal of the Royal Society Interface. 19 (189): 20210821. doi:10.1098/rsif.2021.0821. PMC 8984295. PMID 35382578.
- "'Robot scientist' Eve finds that less than one-third of scientific results are reproducible". University of Cambridge. Retrieved May 15, 2022.
- Yirka, Bob. "Open-source and open hardware autonomous quadrotor flies fast and avoids obstacles". techxplore.com. Retrieved July 20, 2022.
- Foehn, Philipp; Kaufmann, Elia; Romero, Angel; Penicka, Robert; Sun, Sihao; Bauersfeld, Leonard; Laengle, Thomas; Cioffi, Giovanni; Song, Yunlong; Loquercio, Antonio; Scaramuzza, Davide (June 22, 2022). "Agilicious: Open-source and open-hardware agile quadrotor for vision-based flight". Science Robotics. 7 (67): eabl6259. doi:10.1126/scirobotics.abl6259. PMID 35731886. S2CID 249955269.
- Verrengia, Giordana. "Open-source software gives a leg up to robot research". Carnegie Mellon University Mechanical Engineering via techxplore.com. Retrieved September 18, 2022.
- "Video Friday: Grip Anything". IEEE Spectrum. July 29, 2022. Retrieved September 18, 2022.
- Norby, Joseph; Yang, Yanhao; Tajbakhsh, Ardalan; Ren, Jiming; Yim, Justin K.; Stutt, Alexandra; Yu, Qishun; Flowers, Nikolai; Johnson, Aaron M. (May 2022). "Quad-SDK: Full Stack Software Framework for Agile Quadrupedal Locomotion" (PDF). Retrieved September 18, 2022.
- Osborne, Margaret. "A Ukrainian Teenager Invents a Drone That Can Detect Land Mines". Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
- Kramer, Andrew E.; Guttenfelder, David (August 10, 2022). "From the Workshop to the War: Creative Use of Drones Lifts Ukraine". The New York Times. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
- Fogel, Benjamin (August 22, 2022). "Will the Drone War Come Home? Ukraine and the Weaponization of Commercial Drones". Modern War Institute. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
- "Drone Hackathon was launched to develop new solutions in the field of military technology. - Div Bracket". Divbracket.com. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
- "New technological solutions for the army: the Ministry of Digital Transformation has launched a Drone Hackathon in military-tech sector". Retrieved October 20, 2022.
- Koizumi, Yu (September 26, 2022). "Does the conflict in Ukraine represent a 'new war'?". The Japan Times.
- Axe, David. "Ukraine's $10,000 Drones Are Dropping Tiny Bombs On Russian Troops". Forbes. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
- South, Todd (September 21, 2022). "Use us for combat zone tests, Ukraine minister tells US war industry". Military Times. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
- "How the Ukraine drone war is changing the game on the battlefield". New Atlas. September 23, 2022. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
- "New data transmission record set using a single laser and a single optical chip". Phys.org. October 23, 2022. Retrieved October 24, 2022.
- "New data transmission record". Technical University of Denmark. October 20, 2022. Retrieved October 24, 2022.
- Papadopoulos, Loukia (October 21, 2022). "This new farming robot uses lasers to kill 200,000 weeds per hour". interestingengineering.com. Retrieved November 17, 2022.
- "Verdant Robotics launches multi-action agricultural robot for 'superhuman farming'". Robotics & Automation News. February 23, 2022. Retrieved November 17, 2022.
- "Small Robot Company Tom, Dick, and Harry farm robots: The 200 Best Inventions of 2022". Time. Retrieved November 17, 2022.
- "The online information environment" (PDF). Retrieved February 21, 2022.
- Guy, Jack. "DNA reveals biggest-ever human family tree, dating back 100,000 years". CNN. Retrieved March 10, 2022.
- Wong, Yan; Wohns, Anthony Wilder. "We're analysing DNA from ancient and modern humans to create a 'family tree of everyone'". Retrieved March 21, 2022.
- Wohns, Anthony Wilder; Wong, Yan; Jeffery, Ben; Akbari, Ali; Mallick, Swapan; Pinhasi, Ron; Patterson, Nick; Reich, David; Kelleher, Jerome; McVean, Gil (February 25, 2022). "A unified genealogy of modern and ancient genomes". Science. 375 (6583): eabi8264. bioRxiv 10.1101/2021.02.16.431497v2. doi:10.1126/science.abi8264. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 35201891. S2CID 247106458.
- "Scientists create a global repository for cell engineering". Newcastle University via phys.org. Retrieved October 26, 2022.
- Tellechea-Luzardo, Jonathan; Hobbs, Leanne; Velázquez, Elena; Pelechova, Lenka; Woods, Simon; de Lorenzo, Víctor; Krasnogor, Natalio (February 9, 2022). "Versioning biological cells for trustworthy cell engineering". Nature Communications. 13 (1): 765. doi:10.1038/s41467-022-28350-4. ISSN 2041-1723. PMC 8828774. PMID 35140226.
- "Machine-learning models vulnerable to undetectable backdoors". The Register. Retrieved May 13, 2022.
- "Undetectable Backdoors Plantable In Any Machine-Learning Algorithm". IEEE Spectrum. May 10, 2022. Retrieved May 13, 2022.
- Goldwasser, Shafi; Kim, Michael P.; Vaikuntanathan, Vinod; Zamir, Or (April 14, 2022). "Planting Undetectable Backdoors in Machine Learning Models". arXiv:2204.06974 [cs.LG].
- Yirka, Bob. "A computer system that analyzes chemical waste and proposes ways to make new products from it". phys.org. Retrieved May 12, 2022.
- Wołos, Agnieszka; Koszelewski, Dominik; Roszak, Rafał; Szymkuć, Sara; Moskal, Martyna; Ostaszewski, Ryszard; Herrera, Brenden T.; Maier, Josef M.; Brezicki, Gordon; Samuel, Jonathon; Lummiss, Justin A. M.; McQuade, D. Tyler; Rogers, Luke; Grzybowski, Bartosz A. (April 2022). "Computer-designed repurposing of chemical wastes into drugs". Nature. 604 (7907): 668–676. Bibcode:2022Natur.604..668W. doi:10.1038/s41586-022-04503-9. ISSN 1476-4687. PMID 35478240. S2CID 248415772.
- Frost, Rosie (May 9, 2022). "Plastic waste can now be found and monitored from space". euronews. Retrieved June 24, 2022.
- "Global Plastic Watch". www.globalplasticwatch.org. Retrieved June 24, 2022.
- Sauce, Bruno; Liebherr, Magnus; Judd, Nicholas; Klingberg, Torkel (May 11, 2022). "The impact of digital media on children's intelligence while controlling for genetic differences in cognition and socioeconomic background". Scientific Reports. 12 (1): 7720. Bibcode:2022NatSR..12.7720S. doi:10.1038/s41598-022-11341-2. ISSN 2045-2322. PMC 9095723. PMID 35545630.
- "Video games can boost children's intelligence: study". Karolinska Institutet. Retrieved June 24, 2022.
- Best, Jo (May 3, 2022). "From Ukraine to remote robotics: how videoconferencing and next generation technology are transforming surgery". BMJ. 377: o1078. doi:10.1136/bmj.o1078. PMID 35504650. S2CID 248497139. Retrieved June 24, 2022.
- Garner, Ian (May 9, 2022). ""We've Got to Kill Them": Responses to Bucha on Russian Social Media Groups". Journal of Genocide Research: 1–8. doi:10.1080/14623528.2022.2074020. S2CID 248680376.
- "In Ukraine war, a race to acquire smarter, deadlier drones". AP NEWS. July 14, 2022. Retrieved August 4, 2022.
- Pearson, James; Bing, Christopher (May 10, 2022). "The cyber war between Ukraine and Russia: An overview". Reuters. Retrieved August 8, 2022.
- Robertson, Nic. "Analysis: Drones, phones and satellites are exposing the truth about Russia's war in Ukraine in near real-time". CNN. Retrieved August 4, 2022.
- "Instead of consumer software, Ukraine's tech workers build apps of war". Washington Post. Retrieved August 4, 2022.
- "scienceforukraine". scienceforukraine.eu. Retrieved August 4, 2022.
- Gaind, Nisha; Else, Holly; Roussi, Antoaneta (March 2, 2022). "'I thought I had forgotten this horror': Ukrainian scientists stand in defiance". Nature. 603 (7900): 210–211. Bibcode:2022Natur.603..210G. doi:10.1038/d41586-022-00621-6. PMID 35236954. S2CID 247219578.
- "Single MRI scan of the brain could detect Alzheimer's disease". Physics World. July 13, 2022. Retrieved July 19, 2022.
- Inglese, Marianna; Patel, Neva; Linton-Reid, Kristofer; Loreto, Flavia; Win, Zarni; Perry, Richard J.; Carswell, Christopher; Grech-Sollars, Matthew; Crum, William R.; Lu, Haonan; Malhotra, Paresh A.; Aboagye, Eric O. (June 20, 2022). "A predictive model using the mesoscopic architecture of the living brain to detect Alzheimer's disease". Communications Medicine. 2 (1): 70. doi:10.1038/s43856-022-00133-4. ISSN 2730-664X. PMC 9209493. PMID 35759330.
- Ansari, Tasmia (September 13, 2022). "GitHub Is Part of Creator Economy, Just That It Won't Pay". Analytics India Magazine. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
- Shimada, Naomichi; Xiao, Tao; Hata, Hideaki; Treude, Christoph; Matsumoto, Kenichi (May 2022). "GitHub Sponsors: Exploring a New Way to Contribute to Open Source". 2022 IEEE/ACM 44th International Conference on Software Engineering (ICSE): 1058–1069. doi:10.1145/3510003.3510116. S2CID 246822794.
- Hanley, Steve (July 4, 2022). "Latest Project Drawdown Update Adds 11 New Ways To Stop Global Heating". CleanTechnica. Retrieved July 21, 2022.
- "Project Drawdown updates world's leading set of climate solutions—adding 11 new solutions for addressing the climate crisis". Project Drawdown. June 24, 2022. Retrieved July 21, 2022.
- Gorman, Miranda R.; Dzombak, David A.; Frischmann, Chad (September 1, 2022). "Potential global GHG emissions reduction from increased adoption of metals recycling". Resources, Conservation and Recycling. 184: 106424. doi:10.1016/j.resconrec.2022.106424. ISSN 0921-3449. S2CID 249321004.
- Harvey, George (July 4, 2022). "We Can Have (Just About) Everything We Want For Energy & The Climate". CleanTechnica. Retrieved July 21, 2022.
- Jacobson, Mark Z.; Krauland, Anna-Katharina von; Coughlin, Stephen J.; Dukas, Emily; Nelson, Alexander J. H.; Palmer, Frances C.; Rasmussen, Kylie R. (June 28, 2022). "Low-cost solutions to global warming, air pollution, and energy insecurity for 145 countries" (PDF). Energy & Environmental Science. 15 (8): 3343–3359. doi:10.1039/D2EE00722C. ISSN 1754-5706. S2CID 250126767.
- "DeepMind AI learns physics by watching videos that don't make sense". New Scientist. Retrieved August 21, 2022.
- Piloto, Luis S.; Weinstein, Ari; Battaglia, Peter; Botvinick, Matthew (July 11, 2022). "Intuitive physics learning in a deep-learning model inspired by developmental psychology". Nature Human Behaviour. 6 (9): 1257–1267. doi:10.1038/s41562-022-01394-8. ISSN 2397-3374. PMC 9489531. PMID 35817932.
- Feldman, Andrey (August 11, 2022). "Artificial physicist to unravel the laws of nature". Advanced Science News. Retrieved August 21, 2022.
- Chen, Boyuan; Huang, Kuang; Raghupathi, Sunand; Chandratreya, Ishaan; Du, Qiang; Lipson, Hod (July 2022). "Automated discovery of fundamental variables hidden in experimental data". Nature Computational Science. 2 (7): 433–442. doi:10.1038/s43588-022-00281-6. ISSN 2662-8457. S2CID 251087119.
- "Biologists train AI to generate medicines and vaccines". University of Washington-Harborview Medical Center.
- Wang, Jue; Lisanza, Sidney; Juergens, David; Tischer, Doug; Watson, Joseph L.; Castro, Karla M.; Ragotte, Robert; Saragovi, Amijai; Milles, Lukas F.; Baek, Minkyung; Anishchenko, Ivan; Yang, Wei; Hicks, Derrick R.; Expòsit, Marc; Schlichthaerle, Thomas; Chun, Jung-Ho; Dauparas, Justas; Bennett, Nathaniel; Wicky, Basile I. M.; Muenks, Andrew; DiMaio, Frank; Correia, Bruno; Ovchinnikov, Sergey; Baker, David (July 22, 2022). "Scaffolding protein functional sites using deep learning" (PDF). Science. 377 (6604): 387–394. Bibcode:2022Sci...377..387W. doi:10.1126/science.abn2100. ISSN 0036-8075. PMC 9621694. PMID 35862514. S2CID 250953434.
- "DeepMind uncovers structure of 200m proteins in scientific leap forward". The Guardian. July 28, 2022. Retrieved July 28, 2022.
- "AlphaFold reveals the structure of the protein universe". DeepMind. July 28, 2022. Retrieved July 28, 2022.
- Quach, Katyanna. "Harvard boffins build multimodal AI system to predict cancer". The Register. Retrieved September 16, 2022.
- Chen, Richard J.; Lu, Ming Y.; Williamson, Drew F. K.; Chen, Tiffany Y.; Lipkova, Jana; Noor, Zahra; Shaban, Muhammad; Shady, Maha; Williams, Mane; Joo, Bumjin; Mahmood, Faisal (August 8, 2022). "Pan-cancer integrative histology-genomic analysis via multimodal deep learning". Cancer Cell. 40 (8): 865–878.e6. doi:10.1016/j.ccell.2022.07.004. ISSN 1535-6108. PMID 35944502. S2CID 251456162.
- Teaching hospital press release: "New AI technology integrates multiple data types to predict cancer outcomes". Brigham and Women's Hospital via medicalxpress.com. Retrieved September 18, 2022.
- Axon, Samuel (August 18, 2022). "For the first time ever, more people watched streaming TV than cable". Ars Technica. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
- "Streaming claims largest piece of TV viewing pie in July". Nielsen. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
- "TikTok can track users' every tap as they visit other sites through iOS app, new research shows". The Guardian. August 24, 2022. Retrieved September 16, 2022.
- Fetzer, Mary. "Automatic device driver isolation protects against bugs in operating systems". Pennsylvania State University via techxplore.com. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
- Huang, Yongzhe; Narayanan, Vikram; Detweiler, David; Huang, Kaiming; Tan, Gang; Jaeger, Trent; Burtsev, Anton (2022). "KSplit: Automating Device Driver Isolation" (PDF). Retrieved September 15, 2022.
- "Fine-grained kernel isolation". mars-research.github.io. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
- "Google Deepmind Researcher Co-Authors Paper Saying AI Will Eliminate Humanity". Vice. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
- Cohen, Michael K.; Hutter, Marcus; Osborne, Michael A. (August 29, 2022). "Advanced artificial agents intervene in the provision of reward". AI Magazine. 43 (3): 282–293. doi:10.1002/aaai.12064. ISSN 0738-4602. S2CID 235489158.
- "An AI-Generated Artwork Won First Place at a State Fair Fine Arts Competition, and Artists Are Pissed". Vice. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
- Ocampo, Rodolfo. "AI art is everywhere right now. Even experts don't know what it will mean". techxplore.com. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
- "As AI-generated art takes off - who really owns it?". Thomson Reuters Foundation. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
- Edwards, Benj (September 12, 2022). "Flooded with AI-generated images, some art communities ban them completely". Ars Technica. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
- Wiggers, Kyle (August 24, 2022). "Deepfakes: Uncensored AI art model prompts ethics questions". TechCrunch. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
- "AI is reshaping creativity, and maybe that's a good thing". Dazed. August 18, 2022. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
- "AI-generated art illustrates another problem with computers | John Naughton". The Guardian. August 20, 2022. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
- Gal, Rinon; Alaluf, Yuval; Atzmon, Yuval; Patashnik, Or; Bermano, Amit H.; Chechik, Gal; Cohen-Or, Daniel (August 2, 2022). "An Image is Worth One Word: Personalizing Text-to-Image Generation using Textual Inversion". arXiv:2208.01618 [cs.CV].
- "DALL-E can now help you imagine what's outside the frame of famous paintings". The Verge. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
- "Stable Diffusion". CompVis - Machine Vision and Learning LMU Munich. September 15, 2022. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
- Edwards, Benj (September 6, 2022). "With Stable Diffusion, you may never believe what you see online again". Ars Technica. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
- "Stable Diffusion Public Release". Stability.Ai. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
- "Satellites now get full-year view of Arctic sea-ice". BBC News. September 14, 2022. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
- Landy, Jack C.; Dawson, Geoffrey J.; Tsamados, Michel; Bushuk, Mitchell; Stroeve, Julienne C.; Howell, Stephen E. L.; Krumpen, Thomas; Babb, David G.; Komarov, Alexander S.; Heorton, Harry D. B. S.; Belter, H. Jakob; Aksenov, Yevgeny (September 2022). "A year-round satellite sea-ice thickness record from CryoSat-2" (PDF). Nature. 609 (7927): 517–522. doi:10.1038/s41586-022-05058-5. ISSN 1476-4687. PMID 36104558. S2CID 252282906.
- University press release: "For the first time we can measure the thickness of Arctic sea ice all year round". UiT The Arctic University of Norway via EurekAlert!. September 14, 2022. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
- Tucker, Emma (September 18, 2022). "TikTok's search engine repeatedly delivers misinformation to its majority-young user base, report says | CNN Business". CNN. Retrieved October 19, 2022.
- "Misinformation Monitor: September 2022". NewsGuard. Retrieved October 19, 2022.
- "Explainer: Understanding Ethereum's major 'proof of stake' upgrade". NBC News. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
- "Can AI's Recommendations Be Less Insidious?". IEEE Spectrum. October 2, 2022. Retrieved October 26, 2022.
- Carroll, Micah D.; Dragan, Anca; Russell, Stuart; Hadfield-Menell, Dylan (June 28, 2022). "Estimating and Penalizing Induced Preference Shifts in Recommender Systems". International Conference on Machine Learning. PMLR: 2686–2708. Retrieved October 26, 2022.
- "Researchers report genomic profiling from more than 110,000 tumors". News-Medical.net. July 19, 2022. Retrieved November 20, 2022.
- Klein, Harry; Mazor, Tali; Siegel, Ethan; Trukhanov, Pavel; Ovalle, Andrea; Vecchio Fitz, Catherine Del; Zwiesler, Zachary; Kumari, Priti; Van Der Veen, Bernd; Marriott, Eric; Hansel, Jason; Yu, Joyce; Albayrak, Adem; Barry, Susan; Keller, Rachel B.; MacConaill, Laura E.; Lindeman, Neal; Johnson, Bruce E.; Rollins, Barrett J.; Do, Khanh T.; Beardslee, Brian; Shapiro, Geoffrey; Hector-Barry, Suzanne; Methot, John; Sholl, Lynette; Lindsay, James; Hassett, Michael J.; Cerami, Ethan (October 6, 2022). "MatchMiner: an open-source platform for cancer precision medicine". NPJ Precision Oncology. 6 (1): 69. doi:10.1038/s41698-022-00312-5. ISSN 2397-768X. PMC 9537311. PMID 36202909.
- Sarkar, Tanmoy; Lieberth, Katharina; Pavlou, Aristea; Frank, Thomas; Mailaender, Volker; McCulloch, Iain; Blom, Paul W. M.; Torriccelli, Fabrizio; Gkoupidenis, Paschalis (November 7, 2022). "An organic artificial spiking neuron for in situ neuromorphic sensing and biointerfacing". Nature Electronics: 1–10. doi:10.1038/s41928-022-00859-y. ISSN 2520-1131. S2CID 253413801.
- "Artificial neurons emulate biological counterparts to enable synergetic operation". Nature Electronics: 1–2. November 10, 2022. doi:10.1038/s41928-022-00862-3. ISSN 2520-1131. S2CID 253469402.
- "Laser bursts drive fastest-ever logic gates". University of Rochester. May 11, 2022. Retrieved May 13, 2022.
- Boolakee, Tobias; Heide, Christian; Garzón-Ramírez, Antonio; Weber, Heiko B.; Franco, Ignacio; Hommelhoff, Peter (May 2022). "Light-field control of real and virtual charge carriers". Nature. 605 (7909): 251–255. arXiv:2203.03509. Bibcode:2022Natur.605..251B. doi:10.1038/s41586-022-04565-9. ISSN 1476-4687. PMID 35546189. S2CID 247292038.
- "New life cycle assessment study shows useful life of tech-critical metals to be short". University of Bayreuth. Retrieved June 23, 2022.
- Charpentier Poncelet, Alexandre; Helbig, Christoph; Loubet, Philippe; Beylot, Antoine; Muller, Stéphanie; Villeneuve, Jacques; Laratte, Bertrand; Thorenz, Andrea; Tuma, Axel; Sonnemann, Guido (May 19, 2022). "Losses and lifetimes of metals in the economy". Nature Sustainability. 5 (8): 717–726. doi:10.1038/s41893-022-00895-8. ISSN 2398-9629. S2CID 248894322.
- "Scientists grew living human skin around a robotic finger". Science News. June 9, 2022. Retrieved July 20, 2022.
- Kawai, Michio; Nie, Minghao; Oda, Haruka; Morimoto, Yuya; Takeuchi, Shoji (July 6, 2022). "Living skin on a robot". Matter. 5 (7): 2190–2208. doi:10.1016/j.matt.2022.05.019. ISSN 2590-2393.
- Barker, Ross. "Artificial skin capable of feeling pain could lead to new generation of touch-sensitive robots". University of Glasgow. Retrieved July 20, 2022.
- Liu, Fengyuan; Deswal, Sweety; Christou, Adamos; Shojaei Baghini, Mahdieh; Chirila, Radu; Shakthivel, Dhayalan; Chakraborty, Moupali; Dahiya, Ravinder (June 2022). "Printed synaptic transistor–based electronic skin for robots to feel and learn" (PDF). Science Robotics. 7 (67): eabl7286. doi:10.1126/scirobotics.abl7286. ISSN 2470-9476. PMID 35648845. S2CID 249275626.
- Velasco, Emily. "Artificial skin gives robots sense of touch and beyond". California Institute of Technology. Retrieved July 20, 2022.
- Yu, You; Li, Jiahong; Solomon, Samuel A.; Min, Jihong; Tu, Jiaobing; Guo, Wei; Xu, Changhao; Song, Yu; Gao, Wei (June 1, 2022). "All-printed soft human-machine interface for robotic physicochemical sensing". Science Robotics. 7 (67): eabn0495. doi:10.1126/scirobotics.abn0495. ISSN 2470-9476. PMC 9302713. PMID 35648844.
- Yirka, Bob. "Biomimetic elastomeric robot skin has tactile sensing abilities". techxplore.com. Retrieved July 23, 2022.
- Park, K.; Yuk, H.; Yang, M.; Cho, J.; Lee, H.; Kim, J. (June 8, 2022). "A biomimetic elastomeric robot skin using electrical impedance and acoustic tomography for tactile sensing". Science Robotics. 7 (67): eabm7187. doi:10.1126/scirobotics.abm7187. ISSN 2470-9476. PMID 35675452. S2CID 249520303.
- Porter, Jon (June 30, 2022). "Samsung beats TSMC to production of 3nm chips". The Verge. Retrieved September 3, 2022.
- "Samsung Begins Chip Production Using 3nm Process Technology With GAA Architecture". Samsung. June 30, 2022. Retrieved July 3, 2022.
- "'Artificial synapse' could make neural networks work more like brains". New Scientist. Retrieved August 21, 2022.
- Onen, Murat; Emond, Nicolas; Wang, Baoming; Zhang, Difei; Ross, Frances M.; Li, Ju; Yildiz, Bilge; del Alamo, Jesús A. (July 29, 2022). "Nanosecond protonic programmable resistors for analog deep learning" (PDF). Science. 377 (6605): 539–543. Bibcode:2022Sci...377..539O. doi:10.1126/science.abp8064. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 35901152. S2CID 251159631.
- "Artificial neuron swaps dopamine with rat brain cells like a real one". New Scientist. Retrieved September 16, 2022.
- Wang, Ting; Wang, Ming; Wang, Jianwu; Yang, Le; Ren, Xueyang; Song, Gang; Chen, Shisheng; Yuan, Yuehui; Liu, Ruiqing; Pan, Liang; Li, Zheng; Leow, Wan Ru; Luo, Yifei; Ji, Shaobo; Cui, Zequn; He, Ke; Zhang, Feilong; Lv, Fengting; Tian, Yuanyuan; Cai, Kaiyu; Yang, Bowen; Niu, Jingyi; Zou, Haochen; Liu, Songrui; Xu, Guoliang; Fan, Xing; Hu, Benhui; Loh, Xian Jun; Wang, Lianhui; Chen, Xiaodong (August 8, 2022). "A chemically mediated artificial neuron". Nature Electronics. 5 (9): 586–595. doi:10.1038/s41928-022-00803-0. ISSN 2520-1131. S2CID 251464760.
- "Researchers discover a material that can learn like the brain". Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
- Samizadeh Nikoo, Mohammad; Soleimanzadeh, Reza; Krammer, Anna; Migliato Marega, Guilherme; Park, Yunkyu; Son, Junwoo; Schueler, Andreas; Kis, Andras; Moll, Philip J. W.; Matioli, Elison (August 22, 2022). "Electrical control of glass-like dynamics in vanadium dioxide for data storage and processing". Nature Electronics. 5 (9): 596–603. doi:10.1038/s41928-022-00812-z. ISSN 2520-1131. S2CID 251759964.
- "How cyborg cockroaches could be used to save people trapped under earthquake rubble". ABC News. September 22, 2022. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
- Kakei, Yujiro; Katayama, Shumpei; Lee, Shinyoung; Takakuwa, Masahito; Furusawa, Kazuya; Umezu, Shinjiro; Sato, Hirotaka; Fukuda, Kenjiro; Someya, Takao (September 5, 2022). "Integration of body-mounted ultrasoft organic solar cell on cyborg insects with intact mobility". NPJ Flexible Electronics. 6 (1): 1–9. doi:10.1038/s41528-022-00207-2. ISSN 2397-4621.
- Research institute press release: "Robo-bug: A rechargeable, remote-controllable cyborg cockroach". RIKEN via techxplore.com. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
- "Why we should worry about computer suffering". IAI TV – Changing how the world thinks. March 2, 2021. Retrieved March 8, 2021.
- Thomas Metzinger (February 19, 2021). "Artificial Suffering: An Argument for a Global Moratorium on Synthetic Phenomenology". Journal of Artificial Intelligence and Consciousness. 08: 43–66. doi:10.1142/S270507852150003X. ISSN 2705-0785. Available under CC BY 4.0.
- "FAO – News Article: Food systems account for more than one third of global greenhouse gas emissions". www.fao.org. Retrieved April 22, 2021.
- Crippa, M.; Solazzo, E.; Guizzardi, D.; Monforti-Ferrario, F.; Tubiello, F. N.; Leip, A. (March 2021). "Food systems are responsible for a third of global anthropogenic GHG emissions". Nature Food. 2 (3): 198–209. doi:10.1038/s43016-021-00225-9. ISSN 2662-1355.
- "Average westerner's eating habits lead to loss of four trees every year". the Guardian. March 29, 2021. Retrieved April 19, 2021.
- Hoang, Nguyen Tien; Kanemoto, Keiichiro (March 29, 2021). "Mapping the deforestation footprint of nations reveals growing threat to tropical forests". Nature Ecology & Evolution. 5 (6): 845–853. doi:10.1038/s41559-021-01417-z. ISSN 2397-334X. PMID 33782576. S2CID 232420306. Retrieved April 19, 2021.
- Lu, Donna. "Bitcoin mining emissions in China will hit 130 million tonnes by 2024". New Scientist. Retrieved May 9, 2021.
- Jiang, Shangrong; Li, Yuze; Lu, Quanying; Hong, Yongmiao; Guan, Dabo; Xiong, Yu; Wang, Shouyang (April 6, 2021). "Policy assessments for the carbon emission flows and sustainability of Bitcoin blockchain operation in China". Nature Communications. 12 (1): 1938. Bibcode:2021NatCo..12.1938J. doi:10.1038/s41467-021-22256-3. ISSN 2041-1723. PMC 8024295. PMID 33824331. Available under CC BY 4.0.
- "Elon Musk's Neuralink 'shows monkey playing Pong with mind'". BBC. April 9, 2021. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
- "Monkey MindPong". Neuralink. April 9, 2021. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
- "Elon Musk startup shows monkey with brain chip implants playing video game". The Guardian. April 9, 2021. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
- Kleiner, Kurt (August 25, 2022). "Making computer chips act more like brain cells". Knowable Magazine | Annual Reviews. doi:10.1146/knowable-082422-1. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
- Gumyusenge, Aristide; Melianas, Armantas; Keene, Scott T.; Salleo, Alberto (July 26, 2021). "Materials Strategies for Organic Neuromorphic Devices". Annual Review of Materials Research. 51 (1): 47–71. Bibcode:2021AnRMS..51...47G. doi:10.1146/annurev-matsci-080619-111402. ISSN 1531-7331. S2CID 234837472.
- "Overcoming tab overload: Researchers develop tool to better manage browser tabs". techxplore.com. Retrieved June 14, 2021.
- Chang, Joseph Chee; Hahn, Nathan; Kim, Yongsung; Coupland, Julina; Breneisen, Bradley; Kim, Hannah S; Hwong, John; Kittur, Aniket (May 6, 2021). "When the Tab Comes Due:Challenges in the Cost Structure of Browser Tab Usage". Proceedings of the 2021 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. Association for Computing Machinery: 1–15. doi:10.1145/3411764.3445585. ISBN 9781450380966. S2CID 233987809. Available under CC BY 4.0.
- "Cyber attack shuts down U.S. fuel pipeline 'jugular,' Biden briefed". Reuters. May 8, 2021. Retrieved June 13, 2021.
- "Tiny, Wireless, Injectable Chips Use Ultrasound to Monitor Body Processes". Columbia University. May 12, 2021. Retrieved May 14, 2021.
- Shi, Chen; Andino-Pavlovsky, Victoria; Lee, Stephen A.; Costa, Tiago; Elloian, Jeffrey; Konofagou, Elisa E.; Shepard, Kenneth L. (May 1, 2021). "Application of a sub–0.1-mm3 implantable mote for in vivo real-time wireless temperature sensing". Science Advances. 7 (19): eabf6312. Bibcode:2021SciA....7.6312S. doi:10.1126/sciadv.abf6312. ISSN 2375-2548. PMC 8104878. PMID 33962948.
- "Brain Computer Interface Turns Mental Handwriting into Text on Screen". Howard Hughes Medical Institute. May 12, 2021. Retrieved May 14, 2021.
- Willett, Francis R.; Avansino, Donald T.; Hochberg, Leigh R.; Henderson, Jaimie M.; Shenoy, Krishna V. (May 2021). "High-performance brain-to-text communication via handwriting". Nature. 593 (7858): 249–254. Bibcode:2021Natur.593..249W. doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03506-2. ISSN 1476-4687. PMC 8163299. PMID 33981047.
- "Archivists Want to Make Sci-Hub 'Un-Censorable'". Gizmodo. Retrieved June 13, 2021.
- "Google showed off its next-generation AI by talking to Pluto and a paper airplane". The Verge. May 18, 2021. Retrieved May 21, 2021.
- "LaMDA: our breakthrough conversation technology". Google. May 18, 2021. Retrieved May 21, 2021.
- "Google and Harvard map brain connections in unprecedented detail". New Atlas. June 2, 2021. Retrieved June 13, 2021.
- Shapson-Coe, Alexander; Januszewski, Michał; Berger, Daniel R.; Pope, Art; Wu, Yuelong; Blakely, Tim; Schalek, Richard L.; Li, Peter; Wang, Shuohong; Maitin-Shepard, Jeremy; Karlupia, Neha; Dorkenwald, Sven; Sjostedt, Evelina; Leavitt, Laramie; Lee, Dongil; Bailey, Luke; Fitzmaurice, Angerica; Kar, Rohin; Field, Benjamin; Wu, Hank; Wagner-Carena, Julian; Aley, David; Lau, Joanna; Lin, Zudi; Wei, Donglai; Pfister, Hanspeter; Peleg, Adi; Jain, Viren; Lichtman, Jeff W. (May 30, 2021). "A connectomic study of a petascale fragment of human cerebral cortex". bioRxiv: 2021.05.29.446289. doi:10.1101/2021.05.29.446289. S2CID 235270687. Retrieved June 13, 2021.
- Diario Oficial, numero 110, tomo n° 431, 9 de junio de 2021 Archived June 12, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, Official Journal of El Salvador, National Press of El Salvador
- Gorjón, S. (2021). The role of cryptoassets as legal tender: the example of El Salvador. Banco de Espana Article, 35, 21.
- Kharpal, Arjun (June 9, 2021). "El Salvador is one step closer to making bitcoin legal tender after proposing new law". msn.com. CNBC on MSN.com. Archived from the original on June 9, 2021. Retrieved June 9, 2021.
- "GitHub's automatic coding tool rests on untested legal ground". The Verge. July 7, 2021. Retrieved July 11, 2021.
- "GitHub Copilot · Your AI pair programmer". GitHub Copilot. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
- Claburn, Thomas. "FauxPilot: Like GitHub Copilot without Microsoft telemetry". www.theregister.com. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
- "Smart technology is not making us dumber: study". phys.org. Retrieved August 14, 2021.
- Cecutti, Lorenzo; Chemero, Anthony; Lee, Spike W. S. (July 1, 2021). "Technology may change cognition without necessarily harming it". Nature Human Behaviour. 5 (8): 973–975. doi:10.1038/s41562-021-01162-0. ISSN 2397-3374. PMID 34211150. S2CID 235709853. Retrieved August 14, 2021.
- "Amazon shifts Lumberyard to open source 3D game engine supported by 20 companies". VentureBeat. July 6, 2021. Retrieved September 3, 2022.
- "Think before you 'speak': brain–computer interface restores speech in paralysed man". Physics World. August 5, 2021. Retrieved August 14, 2021.
- Moses, David A.; Metzger, Sean L.; Liu, Jessie R.; Anumanchipalli, Gopala K.; Makin, Joseph G.; Sun, Pengfei F.; Chartier, Josh; Dougherty, Maximilian E.; Liu, Patricia M.; Abrams, Gary M.; Tu-Chan, Adelyn; Ganguly, Karunesh; Chang, Edward F. (July 15, 2021). "Neuroprosthesis for Decoding Speech in a Paralyzed Person with Anarthria". New England Journal of Medicine. 385 (3): 217–227. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa2027540. PMC 8972947. PMID 34260835. S2CID 235907121.
- "Internet: Un nouveau record de débit à 319 Tbit/S".
- Fox, Will. "Japan sets new Internet speed record: 319 Tbit/s". www.futuretimeline.net.
- "Teens around the world are lonelier than a decade ago. The reason may be smartphones". Washington Post. Retrieved August 14, 2021.
- Twenge, Jean M.; Haidt, Jonathan; Blake, Andrew B.; McAllister, Cooper; Lemon, Hannah; Le Roy, Astrid (July 20, 2021). "Worldwide increases in adolescent loneliness". Journal of Adolescence. 93: 257–269. doi:10.1016/j.adolescence.2021.06.006. ISSN 0140-1971. PMID 34294429.
- "DeepMind's AI predicts structures for a vast trove of proteins". Nature. July 22, 2021. Retrieved August 1, 2021.
- "Chinese team hopes high-res image of monkey brain will unlock secrets". South China Morning Post. August 1, 2021. Retrieved August 13, 2021.
- Xu, Fang; Shen, Yan; Ding, Lufeng; Yang, Chao-Yu; Tan, Heng; Wang, Hao; Zhu, Qingyuan; Xu, Rui; Wu, Fengyi; Xiao, Yanyang; Xu, Cheng; Li, Qianwei; Su, Peng; Zhang, Li I.; Dong, Hong-Wei; Desimone, Robert; Xu, Fuqiang; Hu, Xintian; Lau, Pak-Ming; Bi, Guo-Qiang (July 26, 2021). "High-throughput mapping of a whole rhesus monkey brain at micrometer resolution". Nature Biotechnology. 39 (12): 1521–1528. doi:10.1038/s41587-021-00986-5. ISSN 1546-1696. PMID 34312500. S2CID 236453498.
- "Computer scientist warns global internet is not prepared for a large solar storm". techxplore.com. Retrieved September 22, 2021.
- "A Bad Solar Storm Could Cause an 'Internet Apocalypse'". Wired. Retrieved September 22, 2021.
- Jyothi, Sangeetha Abdu (August 9, 2021). "Solar superstorms: planning for an internet apocalypse". Proceedings of the 2021 ACM SIGCOMM 2021 Conference. Association for Computing Machinery: 692–704. doi:10.1145/3452296.3472916.
- "Analysis | We Need Cap-and-Trade For Individuals As Well As Companies". Washington Post. Retrieved September 21, 2021.
- "Pandemic and digitalization set stage for revival of a cast-off idea: Personal carbon allowances". phys.org.
- Fuso Nerini, Francesco; Fawcett, Tina; Parag, Yael; Ekins, Paul (August 16, 2021). "Personal carbon allowances revisited". Nature Sustainability. 4 (12): 1025–1031. doi:10.1038/s41893-021-00756-w. ISSN 2398-9629.
- "This massive AI chip has the compute power of a human brain". PC World. August 24, 2021. Retrieved August 28, 2021.
- "AI may predict the next virus to jump from animals to humans". Public Library of Science. Retrieved October 19, 2021.
- Mollentze, Nardus; Babayan, Simon A.; Streicker, Daniel G. (September 28, 2021). "Identifying and prioritizing potential human-infecting viruses from their genome sequences". PLOS Biology. 19 (9): e3001390. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.3001390. ISSN 1545-7885. PMC 8478193. PMID 34582436.
- Isaac, Mike; Frenkel, Sheera (October 4, 2021). "Facebook and all of its apps go down simultaneously". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 4, 2021. Retrieved October 4, 2021.
- Clark, Mitchell (October 4, 2021). "What is BGP, and what role did it play in Facebook's massive outage". The Verge. Retrieved November 15, 2021.
- "Study reveals scale of data-sharing from Android mobile phones". Trinity College Dublin. Retrieved November 16, 2021.
- Liu, Haoyu; Patras, Paul; Leith, Douglas J. (October 6, 2021). "Android Mobile OS Snooping By Samsung, Xiaomi, Huawei and Realme Handsets" (PDF). Retrieved November 16, 2021.
- Wills, Jennifer. "Saying farewell to a throwaway fashion industry". Horizon: The EU Research Innovation Magazine. Retrieved November 15, 2021.
- Fadelli, Ingrid. "DeepDraper: A technique that predicts how clothes would look on different people". Tech Xplore. Retrieved November 15, 2021.
- "Scientists claim big advance in using DNA to store data". bbc.co.uk. December 2, 2021. Retrieved December 3, 2021.
- Yirka, Bob. "A mass of human brain cells in a petri dish has been taught to play Pong". medicalxpress.com. Retrieved January 16, 2022.
- Kagan, Brett J.; Kitchen, Andy C.; Tran, Nhi T.; Parker, Bradyn J.; Bhat, Anjali; Rollo, Ben; Razi, Adeel; Friston, Karl J. (December 3, 2021). "In vitro neurons learn and exhibit sentience when embodied in a simulated game-world". pp. 2021.12.02.471005. bioRxiv 10.1101/2021.12.02.471005v2.
- Bolakhe, Saugat. "Lego Robot with an Organic 'Brain' Learns to Navigate a Maze". Scientific American. Retrieved February 1, 2022.
- Krauhausen, Imke; Koutsouras, Dimitrios A.; Melianas, Armantas; Keene, Scott T.; Lieberth, Katharina; Ledanseur, Hadrien; Sheelamanthula, Rajendar; Giovannitti, Alexander; Torricelli, Fabrizio; Mcculloch, Iain; Blom, Paul W. M.; Salleo, Alberto; Burgt, Yoeri van de; Gkoupidenis, Paschalis (December 2021). "Organic neuromorphic electronics for sensorimotor integration and learning in robotics". Science Advances. 7 (50): eabl5068. Bibcode:2021SciA....7.5068K. doi:10.1126/sciadv.abl5068. hdl:10754/673986. PMC 8664264. PMID 34890232. S2CID 245046482.
- Qureshi, Muhammad Saad; Oasmaa, Anja; Pihkola, Hanna; Deviatkin, Ivan; Tenhunen, Anna; Mannila, Juha; Minkkinen, Hannu; Pohjakallio, Maija; Laine-Ylijoki, Jutta (November 1, 2020). "Pyrolysis of plastic waste: Opportunities and challenges". Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis. 152: 104804. doi:10.1016/j.jaap.2020.104804. ISSN 0165-2370. S2CID 200068035.
- "Breakthrough in separating plastic waste: Machines can now distinguish 12 different types of plastic". Aarhus University. Retrieved January 19, 2022.
- Henriksen, Martin L.; Karlsen, Celine B.; Klarskov, Pernille; Hinge, Mogens (January 1, 2022). "Plastic classification via in-line hyperspectral camera analysis and unsupervised machine learning". Vibrational Spectroscopy. 118: 103329. doi:10.1016/j.vibspec.2021.103329. ISSN 0924-2031. S2CID 244913832.
- "Telemedicine may be as good as in-person visits for managing chronic illnesses". UPI. Retrieved January 17, 2022.
- Albritton, Jordan; Ortiz, Alexa; Wines, Roberta; Booth, Graham; DiBello, Michael; Brown, Stephen; Gartlehner, Gerald; Crotty, Karen (December 7, 2021). "Video Teleconferencing for Disease Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment" (PDF). Annals of Internal Medicine. 175 (2): 256–266. doi:10.7326/m21-3511. ISSN 0003-4819. PMID 34871056. S2CID 244923066.
- "The 'most serious' security breach ever is unfolding right now. Here's what you need to know". Washington Post. December 20, 2021. Retrieved January 16, 2022.
- "After Log4j, Open-Source Software Is Now a National Security Issue". Gizmodo. Retrieved January 16, 2022.
- Greig, Jonathan. "After Log4j, White House fears the next big open source vulnerability". ZDNet. Retrieved January 16, 2022.
- T. Jesper Jacobsson; Adam Hultqvist; Alberto García-Fernández; et al. (December 13, 2021). "An open-access database and analysis tool for perovskite solar cells based on the FAIR data principles". Nature Energy. 7: 107–115. doi:10.1038/s41560-021-00941-3. ISSN 2058-7546. S2CID 245175279.
- "Jesperkemist/perovskitedatabase". GitHub. January 24, 2022. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
- "The Wikipedia of perovskite solar cell research". Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres. Retrieved January 19, 2022.
- "Maui Shell is a Beautiful Vision for the Future of Linux". OMG! Ubuntu!. December 27, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
- Crume, Jacob (December 30, 2021). "Maui Shell is Here, Ushering in a New Era of Desktop Linux". It's FOSS – News. Retrieved January 16, 2022.
- Wallen, Jack. "Is Maui Shell the future of the Linux desktop?". TechRepublic. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
- Nestor, Marius (December 26, 2021). "Meet Maui Shell, a Convergent Desktop Shell for Linux Desktops and Mobile Devices". 9to5Linux. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
- Higuita, Camilo (December 26, 2021). "Introducing Maui Shell". Nitrux. Retrieved January 16, 2022.
- Khamsi, Roxanne (May 1, 2020). "Coronavirus in context: Scite.ai tracks positive and negative citations for COVID-19 literature". Nature. doi:10.1038/d41586-020-01324-6. Retrieved September 3, 2022.
- Nicholson, Josh M.; Mordaunt, Milo; Lopez, Patrice; Uppala, Ashish; Rosati, Domenic; Rodrigues, Neves P.; Grabitz, Peter; Rife, Sean C. (November 5, 2021). "scite: A smart citation index that displays the context of citations and classifies their intent using deep learning". Quantitative Science Studies. 2 (3): 882–898. doi:10.1162/qss_a_00146.
- "AMD Ryzen Threadripper 3990X is a ridiculous 64-core CPU – and it's coming February 7". Techradar. January 6, 2020. Archived from the original on July 9, 2020. Retrieved July 7, 2020.
- "Folding@Home Crushes Exascale Barrier, Now Faster Than Dozens of Supercomputers – ExtremeTech". www.extremetech.com. Archived from the original on April 17, 2020. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
- "Folding@home crowdsourced computing project passes 1 million downloads amid coronavirus research". VentureBeat. March 31, 2020. Archived from the original on April 17, 2020. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
- "The coronavirus pandemic turned Folding@Home into an exaFLOP supercomputer". Ars Technica. April 14, 2020. Archived from the original on April 23, 2020. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
- Tung, Liam. "CERN throws 10,000 CPU cores at Folding@home coronavirus simulation project". ZDNet. Archived from the original on November 1, 2020. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
- "Scientists create tiny devices that work like the human brain". The Independent. April 20, 2020. Archived from the original on April 24, 2020. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
- "Researchers unveil electronics that mimic the human brain in efficient learning". phys.org. Archived from the original on May 28, 2020. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
- Fu, Tianda; Liu, Xiaomeng; Gao, Hongyan; Ward, Joy E.; Liu, Xiaorong; Yin, Bing; Wang, Zhongrui; Zhuo, Ye; Walker, David J. F.; Joshua Yang, J.; Chen, Jianhan; Lovley, Derek R.; Yao, Jun (April 20, 2020). "Bioinspired bio-voltage memristors". Nature Communications. 11 (1): 1861. Bibcode:2020NatCo..11.1861F. doi:10.1038/s41467-020-15759-y. PMC 7171104. PMID 32313096.
- Staff (May 22, 2020). "Australian researchers record world's fastest internet speed from a single optical chip". Monash University. Archived from the original on May 23, 2020. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
- Monash University (May 22, 2020). "Australian researchers record world's fastest internet speed from a single optical chip". EurekAlert!. Archived from the original on May 25, 2020. Retrieved May 28, 2020.
- Corcoran, Bill; Tan, Mengxi; Xu, Xingyuan; Boes, Andreas; Wu, Jiayang; Nguyen, Thach G.; Chu, Sai T.; Little, Brent E.; Morandotti, Roberto; Mitchell, Arnan; Moss, David J. (May 22, 2020). "Ultra-dense optical data transmission over standard fibre with a single chip source". Nature Communications. 11 (1): 2568. arXiv:2003.11893. Bibcode:2020NatCo..11.2568C. doi:10.1038/s41467-020-16265-x. PMC 7244755. PMID 32444605.
- "Evidence of large groups responding more slowly to crises due to false information". phys.org. Archived from the original on June 13, 2020. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
- Shirado, Hirokazu; Crawford, Forrest W.; Christakis, Nicholas A. (May 27, 2020). "Collective communication and behaviour in response to uncertain 'Danger' in network experiments". Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. 476 (2237): 20190685. Bibcode:2020RSPSA.47690685S. doi:10.1098/rspa.2019.0685. PMC 7277132. PMID 32518501. Fragments of the text were copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License Archived October 16, 2017, at the Wayback Machine.
- "OpenAI API". OpenAI. June 11, 2020.
- Coldewey, Devin (June 11, 2020). "OpenAI makes an all-purpose API for its text-based AI capabilities". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on October 27, 2021. Retrieved July 31, 2020.
If you've ever wanted to try out OpenAI's vaunted machine learning toolset, it just got a lot easier. The company has released an API that lets developers call its AI tools in on "virtually any English language task."
- "New video format 'halves data use of 4K and 8K TVs'". BBC News. July 7, 2020. Archived from the original on July 7, 2020. Retrieved July 9, 2020.
- "Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute HHI". newsletter.fraunhofer.de. Archived from the original on July 8, 2020. Retrieved August 17, 2020.
- Keene, Scott T.; Lubrano, Claudia; Kazemzadeh, Setareh; Melianas, Armantas; Tuchman, Yaakov; Polino, Giuseppina; Scognamiglio, Paola; Cinà, Lucio; Salleo, Alberto; van de Burgt, Yoeri; Santoro, Francesca (September 2020). "A biohybrid synapse with neurotransmitter-mediated plasticity". Nature Materials. 19 (9): 969–973. Bibcode:2020NatMa..19..969K. doi:10.1038/s41563-020-0703-y. ISSN 1476-4660. PMID 32541935. S2CID 219691307.
- University press release: "Researchers develop artificial synapse that works with living cells". Stanford University via medicalxpress.com. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
- "Beetles carrying tiny backpack cameras stream footage to a smartphone". New Scientist. Retrieved September 7, 2022.
- Iyer, Vikram; Najafi, Ali; James, Johannes; Fuller, Sawyer; Gollakota, Shyamnath (July 15, 2020). "Wireless steerable vision for live insects and insect-scale robots". Science Robotics. 5 (44): eabb0839. doi:10.1126/scirobotics.abb0839. ISSN 2470-9476. PMID 33022605. S2CID 220688078.
- "Neuralink: Elon Musk unveils pig with chip in its brain". BBC News. August 29, 2020. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.
- "Elon Musk trots out pigs in demo of Neuralink brain implants". The Verge. August 28, 2020. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.
- Brainard, Jeffrey (September 8, 2020). "Dozens of scientific journals have vanished from the internet, and no one preserved them". Science | AAAS. Archived from the original on October 15, 2020. Retrieved October 11, 2020.
- Kwon, Diana (September 10, 2020). "More than 100 scientific journals have disappeared from the Internet". Nature. doi:10.1038/d41586-020-02610-z. Archived from the original on October 3, 2020. Retrieved October 11, 2020.
- Laakso, Mikael; Matthias, Lisa; Jahn, Najko (2021). "Open is not forever: A study of vanished open access journals". Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 72 (9): 1099–1112. arXiv:2008.11933. doi:10.1002/ASI.24460. S2CID 221340749.
- "Prosecutors open homicide case after hacker attack on German hospital". Reuters. September 18, 2020. Archived from the original on October 3, 2020. Retrieved October 9, 2020.
- Starr, Michelle (October 3, 2020). "A New Chemical 'Tree of The Origins of Life' Reveals Our Possible Molecular Evolution". ScienceAlert. Archived from the original on October 6, 2020. Retrieved October 3, 2020.
- Wolos, Agnieszka; et al. (September 25, 2020). "Synthetic connectivity, emergence, and self-regeneration in the network of prebiotic chemistry". Science. 369 (6511): eaaw1955. doi:10.1126/science.aaw1955. PMID 32973002. S2CID 221882090. Archived from the original on October 4, 2020. Retrieved October 3, 2020.
- "The Past, Present and Future of Robotic Surgery". Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
- Attanasio, Aleks; Scaglioni, Bruno; De Momi, Elena; Fiorini, Paolo; Valdastri, Pietro (May 3, 2021). "Autonomy in Surgical Robotics". Annual Review of Control, Robotics, and Autonomous Systems. 4 (1): 651–679. doi:10.1146/annurev-control-062420-090543. hdl:11311/1168387. ISSN 2573-5144. S2CID 228881423.
- "Free Software Awards winners announced: CiviCRM, Bradley Kuhn, and Alyssa Rosenzweig — Free Software Foundation — Working together for free software". www.fsf.org. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
- Bantle, Ulrich (March 22, 2021). "Free Software Awards vergeben". Linux-Magazin (in German). Retrieved September 6, 2022.
- Free Software Awards winners announced: SecuRepairs, Protesilaos Stavrou, Paul Eggert , FSF
- Bantle, Ulrich (March 22, 2022). "Free Software Awards 2021 vergeben". Linux-Magazin (in German). Retrieved September 6, 2022.
- "Free Software Foundation award winners". SD Times. March 21, 2022. Retrieved September 6, 2022.
- Speed, Richard. "Asahi Linux progress in graphics drivers on Apple's M1". www.theregister.com. Retrieved September 6, 2022.
- Tosh-Morelli, Vicky (January 21, 2022). "In Memoriam: Hagit Shatkay-Reshef".
- "[GDNET] Takao Nishizeki". list.dia.uniroma3.it.
- "Lorinda Cherry RIP [LWN.net]". lwn.net.
- Claburn, Thomas. "Obit: Mary Coombs, first woman commercial programmer". www.theregister.com.
- Cohn, Cindy (September 5, 2022). "Honoring Peter Eckersley, Who Made the Internet a Safer Place for Everyone". Electronic Frontier Foundation.
- O’Neil, Mathieu; Muselli, Laure; Raissi, Mahin; Zacchiroli, Stefano (May 2021). "'Open source has won and lost the war': Legitimising commercial–communal hybridisation in a FOSS project" (PDF). New Media & Society. 23 (5): 1157–1180. doi:10.1177/1461444820907022. ISSN 1461-4448. S2CID 216386568.