Timeline of insurgency in Egypt (2013–present)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Insurgency in Egypt (2013–present)
Part of the Egyptian Crisis aftermath, the Arab Winter, and Terrorism in Egypt
Date3 July 2013 – present
(6 years, 3 months, 1 week and 1 day)
Location
Status Ongoing
Belligerents

 Egypt

Islamists


 ISIL

Commanders and leaders
Hesham Ashmawy (POW)[4]
(Al-Mourabitoun)
Casualties and losses
Total: 772+ killed[5]

In July 2013, at the same time as mass protests began against the 3 July coup d'état which deposed Mohamed Morsi, and in parallel with the escalation of the already ongoing jihadist insurgency in the Sinai Peninsula, pro-Muslim Brotherhood militants started violent attacks against policemen and soldiers in Central and Western Egypt. In the following months, new Islamist armed groups were created to reinstate Islamist rule in Egypt, like Soldiers of Egypt and the Popular Resistance Movement. Since 2013, violence in mainland Egypt has escalated and developed into a low-level Islamist insurgency against the Egyptian government.[6][7]

Chronology[edit]

Some of the main attacks and arrests are described by year:

2013[edit]

  • 23 July 2013 - an explosive device killed 1 and injured 19 at a police station in Mansoura.[8]
  • 5 October 2013 - gunmen shot dead 6 soldiers near the Suez Canal city of Ismailiya.[9]
  • 28 October 2013 - assailants killed 3 policemen who were posted near the University of Mansura in Egypt's Nile Delta region.[10]
  • 24 December 2013 - a bomb exploded in Mansoura, targeting the security directorate building, killing 16 and injuring 150.

2014[edit]

  • 23 to 26 January 2014 - a bombing wave occurs with 13 victims.[11]
  • 15 March 2014 - 6 soldiers were killed by bombs at a checkpoint.[12]
  • 19 March 2014 - senior official were as well as two members of Ansar Beit al-Maqdis [13]
  • 19 July 2014 - the July 2014 Al-Wadi Al-Gedid attack killed 25 people.
  • 5 August 2014 - 7 people were killed.[14]
  • 14 September 2014 - 7 high-profile militants were killed by security forces in Suez area.[15]

2015[edit]

  • 6 March 2015 - 3 policemen were killed in Mahalla.[16]
  • 15 April 2015 - 3 military cadets were killed in a bomb attack.[17]
  • 24 April 2015 - 4 Muslim brotherhood members were killed by their explosives.[18]
  • 9 May 2015 - 4 dead in an exchange of fire between police and members of Muslim brotherhood.[1]
  • 29 June 2015 - a top prosecutor was killed by explosives in his car.[19]
  • 1 July 2015 - 9 militants were killed by police in Giza.[20]
  • 11 July 2015 - a car bomb exploded outside the Italian consulate in the Egyptian capital Cairo resulting in at least 1 death and 4 people injured, responsibility was claimed by ISIS.[21][22][23]
  • 17 July 2015 - 6 persons were killed during clashes in Cairo.[24]
  • 6 August 2015 - 5 Muslim brotherhood members were shot dead in Fayoum province.[25]
  • 24 August 2015 - a bus bombing kills 3 policemen and wounds 33 others.[26]
  • 21 September 2015 - police kill 10 militants in Bahariya Oasis and following a mistake attack of 12 people including Mexican tourists.[27]
  • 25 September 2015 - 9 militants were killed following the bombing of the Italian consulate in Cairo.[28]

2016[edit]

  • 8 January 2016 - 2 militants armed with a melee weapon and a signal flare, arrived by sea and stormed Bella Vista Hotel in the Red Sea city of Hurghada, stabbing three foreign tourists from Sweden and Austria. One of the assailants was shot dead and the other was wounded by security forces.
  • 21 January 2016 - 9 people including six policemen, and ten others were wounded in Giza when, after raiding an Islamic State hideout, a bomb detonated.[29][30]
  • 29 September 2016 - A car exploded after the passage of the general prosecutor car. One civilian was wounded.[31]
  • 28 October 2016 - A bomb killed one and another were wounded. The explosion occurred in Cairo.[32]
  • 19 November 2016 - in Cairo was One child killed and another was injured when an improvised explosive device detonated in an apartment in Cairo's Manshiyet Nasser district.[33]
  • 9 December 2016 -
    • A civilian died and another 3 were injured in bombing attack in Kafr El Sheikh.[34][35]
    • 6 police officers and a civilian were killed in a bombing near a checkpoint in the Egyptian capital. 3 additional officers and 4 civilians were wounded by the blast. The Hasm Movement claimed responsibility for the attack.[36][37]
  • 11 December 2016 - At least 25 people were killed and 49 injured after a suicide bombing at a Coptic cathedral in Cairo.
  • 12 December 2016 - is A military vehicle struck a roadside bomb during a security swoop in North Sinai's city of Sheikh Zuweid, killing four soldiers. ISIS claimed responsibility for the attack.[38]

2017[edit]

  • 3 January 2017 - A Christian businessman was murdered by a Salafi Islamist for selling alcohol in his shop in Alexandria.[39]
  • 6 January 2017 - Two Egyptian Coptic Christians were murdered. They were murdered because of their faith, according to the brother of the dead woman.[40]
  • 16 January 2017 - Eight Egyptian security officers were killed and 3 others were injured when their checkpoint about 70 km away from the Kharga Oasis was attacked by unidentified militants. At least two of the assailants were killed, while the others escaped.[41]
  • 1 April 2017 - A booby-trapped motorbike exploded outside a police training center, killing one police officer and injuring 12 others, as well as 3 civilians.[42]
  • 9 April 2017 - 2017 Palm Sunday church bombings
    • At least 45 people were killed and at least 126 were injured in an explosion in a Coptic Church in Tanta, Egypt. Initial investigations show the terrorist blew himself up during the church's Palm Sunday services, causing mass destruction at the scene.[43][44]
    • Near a police station in Tanta, there was also an attack.[45]
    • A suicide bomber has detonated an explosion outside Saint Mark's Church in Alexandria's Manshyia district. Casualties were reported.[46]
    • There was also an exploration in Chouhada Street in Alexandria.[47]
  • 1 May 2017 - A police convoy that was in the Nasr City area of Cairo were attacked after gunmen in two vehicles opened fire. The attack killed three police officers and wounded five.[48]
  • 26 May 2017 - 2017 Minya attack 28 people have been killed and 25 wounded after gunmen opened fire on a bus carrying Coptic Christians in central Egypt.[49][50]
  • 1 June 2017 - Three soldiers and one Egyptian army officer were killed in a bomb blast near El-Bawiti in Egypt's Western Desert, the army confirmed in a statement.[51]
  • 18 June 2017 - An Egyptian policeman was killed and four wounded by a roadside explosive near the Cairo suburb of Maadi.[52]
  • 7 July 2017 - An Egyptian national security officer was shot dead on Friday by gunmen in the governorate of Qaliubiya.[53]
  • 14 July 2017 -
    • Gunmen ambushed an Egyptian security checkpoint, killing five policemen in an area just south of the capital.[54]
    • 2017 Hurghada attack: Two German tourists and a Czech citizen, who succumbed to her wounds on 27 July 2017 in a hospital in Cairo, were killed and three other tourists were injured when a knifeman attacked a holiday resort in Hurghada. The attacker communicated with the Islamic State via internet and was given the task of attacking foreign tourists on Hurghada beaches by the group.[55][56]
  • 3 August 2017 - A policeman and a civilian were killed and three people wounded in an attack on a patrol in Esna, south of Luxor.[57]
  • 8 August 2017 - A group of gunmen killed two police officers and wounded another in a village north of Cairo.[58]
  • 2 October 2017 - Egypt's Interior Ministry announced that the police had killed three suspected militants in a shootout in a southern Cairo suburb. The gunfire exchange took place at a cemetery under construction in 15 May City, a district south of Cairo, as security forces were trying to arrest them. Rifles and ammunition were found at the scene.[59]
  • 20 October 2017 - Official Ministry of Interior of Egypt listed 16 police officer deaths, 15 injured and one missing as well as 15 killed or injured terrorists. Reuters and BBC published that 52 policemen were killed; including 23 officers according to Reuters, and 18 according to BBC based on unidentified security sources. This was rebuked State Information service of Egypt.[60]
  • 29 December 2017 - 2017 Saint Menas church attack 11 people have died in twin attacks on Coptic Christians in the southern Cairo: eight civilians and a police officer were killed in a shooting outside a church, and two civilians were killed in a Coptic-owned shop beforehand. One attacker was killed by the police.[61][62]

2018[edit]

  • 1 January 2018 – Two Egyptian Christians were shot dead by a gunman as they celebrated the New Year at a liquor store.[63]
  • 24 March 2018 – A bomb placed under a car exploded in Egypt's second largest city Alexandria, killing two people, including a policeman. The bombing, which wounded five others, targeted Alexandria's security chief.[64][65][66]
  • 2 November 2018 - 2018 Minya bus attack: At least eight Christian Copts were killed and 13 injured when gunmen opened fire on them when they were travelling by bus from the city of Sohag to St. Samuel’s monastery, Islamic State claimed responsibility.[67][68][69]

2019[edit]

  • 5 January - An explosives expert was killed and two other policemen injured in Cairo while trying to defuse a bomb.[70]
  • 12 January - Egyptian police killed six suspected extremists in the country's south, in Sohag Governorate.[71]
  • 17 January - Islamic militants kidnapped a Christian man, a police forensics expert, in North Sinai. Police who tried to rescue the man killed one militant and injured two others, while suffering two of their own wounded.[72]
  • 22 January - Egypt says at least seven troops, including an officer, were killed in clashes with militants in recent operations in northern Sinai. They said 59 suspected militants were killed while another 142 were arrested. The military gave no timeframe for these operations.[73]
  • 5 February - Four policemen were injured in an ambush on a police checkpoint in New Valley Governorate. ISIS claimed responsibility.[74]
  • 12 February - A soldier and a recruiter were killed when ISIS snipers opened fire on them in an area near Rafah, North Sinai. Other recruits were also injured.[75]
  • 16 February - Eleven soldiers were killed and four were wounded when ISIS militants attacked a checkpoint in North Sinai. Seven militants were also killed.[76]
  • 18 February - An explosion in Cairo killed two policemen who were chasing a man believed to have planted an explosive device last week near a mosque. The explosion also killed the bomber.[77]
  • 19 February - A policeman who was injured in the Cairo bombing yesterday succumbed to his wounds. [78] Meanwhile, Egyptian security forces killed 16 suspected militants in two separate raids in Arish city, North Sinai Governorate. No mention was made of any security casualties.[79]
  • 20 February - Nine men convicted by the Egyptian government of involvement in the assassination of Attorney General Hisham Barakat in 2015 were executed.[80]
  • 7 March - Security forces killed seven suspected militants in two operations in Giza, close to Cairo. One police officer was wounded. The government believes the militants were members of the Hasm group.[81]
  • 11 March - Egyptian security forces have killed 46 suspected militants in North Sinai recently, the military said.[82]
  • 7 April - Gunmen opened fire on a police vehicle in Cairo, killing a police officer and the driver, while wounding two others.[83]
  • 9 April - A 15-year old suicide bomber attack a market in Sheikh Zuweid, North Sinai, killing four policemen and three civilians and injuring 27 others.[84]
  • 16 May - Egyptian security forces killed 47 suspected militants during operations in the Sinai peninsula recently. Five military personnel were also killed. No timeframe was given.[85]
  • 19 May - At least 17 people were injured in an explosion which targeted a tourist bus close to the Giza Pyramids. Seven of the injured were South African tourists.[86]
  • 20 May - Egyptian security forces killed 12 suspected fighters in Cairo, according to the Egyptian Interior Ministry. The ministry said the militants belonged to the Hasm group, but did not say if they were involved in yesterday's explosion in Giza that wounded tourists.[87]
  • 21 May - Egypt's Interior Ministry said 16 suspected militants were killed during a raid in Arish, North Sinai. It did not say when the raid took place.[88]
  • 5 June - Militants attacked a police checkpoint in Arish, North Sinai, killing at least eight police officers and wounding three more. A warplane followed the militants as they were pulling back, eventually striking the getaway vehicle, killing at least five militants. The vehicle that was destroyed may have been a tank that was captured during the raid on the checkpoint.[89]
  • 6 June - Egyptian security forces said they killed 14 suspected militants in Arish, North Sinai. The militants were believed to have been involved in the raid yesterday that killed eight police officers.[90]
  • 7 June - Security forces in Egypt killed another eight militants suspected to have been involved in the killing of eight policemen in Arish, North Sinai, on June 5.[91]
  • 8 June - Four more militants, suspected of involvement in the June 5 raid in North Sinai that killed eight policemen, were killed after a military operation.[92]
  • 13 June - Six policemen were wounded by a roadside bomb targeting a police patrol in Arish, North Sinai. At least 14 civilians were kidnapped in the same area over the past day.[93]
  • 22 June - Four civilian workers were killed in an attack near El Arish International Airport, North Sinai. The workers were building a fence around the airport when they were suddenly shot at. Another five workers were wounded and two vehicles were destroyed.[94]
  • 25 June - Militants attacked checkpoints and an assembly center in the North Sinai city of Arish, killing seven police officers and a civilian. Four militants, including a suicide bomber, also died in the attacks.[95]
  • 17 July - Nine people were kidnapped by militants on a road near Bir al-Abd, with six of them later executed by ISIS for allegedly acting as spies for the Egyptian government, according to Amaq.[96]
  • 18 July - A suicide attack in Sheikh Zuweid left a soldier and another person dead, along with the suicide bomber.[97] The same day, unknown gunmen killed three civilians near Hasna city in central Sinai peninsula.[98]
  • 20 July - British Airways cancelled flights to Cairo for a week, while Lufthansa cancelled flights only for a day, over unspecified security concerns.[99]
  • 4 August - A car rammed into three other cars parked outside the National Cancer Institute and subsequently exploded, killing 20 people and injuring at least 47 others. The car reportedly contained explosives. The Egyptian government claimed it was a terrorist attack committed by the Hasm Movement, which denied responsibility.[100]
  • 8 August - Security forces reportedly raided the hideouts of Hasm Movement members in Cairo and Faiyum Governorate in response to the August 4 Cairo bombing. The Interior Ministry said at least eight militants were killed in Atsa, Faiyum, after they opened fire on police, while another seven militants were killed in Cairo's Shorouk suburb during a firefight. There were no reports of civilians or security casualties.[101]
  • 5 September - Six suspected militants were shot dead during a police raid in the Bahariya Oasis 300 kilometers southwest of Cairo.[102]
  • 18 September - Egyptian police said they killed nine suspected Liwa al-Thawra militants in two suburbs of Cairo.[103]
  • 24 September - Six "members of the Muslim Brotherhood" were killed during a police raid in 6th of October city.[104]
  • 27 September - An Islamic State ambush on Egyptian troops in Bir al-Abed, North Sinai, left eight soldiers dead, along with a civilian. Government sources said 15 militants were killed by soldiers during the attack.[105]
  • 29 September - Egyptian police killed 15 militants in a raid on a hideout in al-Arish.[106]

Casualties[edit]

Year Deaths Injuries
2013 103[5] Unknown
2014 195[5] Unknown
2015 272[5] Unknown
2016 101[5] Unknown
2017 106[5] Unknown
2018 7[5] 5
2019 Unknown
Total 739[5] Unknown

103 people were killed in 2013, 195 in 2014, 272 in 2015, 101 in 2016, and at least 160 in 2017.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "4 killed in violent clashes in Damietta". Daily News Egypt. 9 May 2015. Archived from the original on 12 May 2015. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  2. ^ "Ajnad Misr". Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  3. ^ "(Allied) Popular Resistance Movement". Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy. Archived from the original on 20 February 2016. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  4. ^ a b Joscelyn, Thomas; Weiss, Caleb (23 July 2015). "Former Egyptian special forces officer leads Al Murabitoon". Long War Journal. Archived from the original on 16 October 2018. Retrieved 16 October 2018.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i "ACLED Version 5 (1997–2014)". Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project. Archived from the original on 13 January 2015. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  6. ^ "Egypt's Escalating Islamist Insurgency". Carnegie Middle East Center. 21 October 2015. Archived from the original on 4 December 2015. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  7. ^ "Egypt's Rising Security Threat". Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy. 15 November 2015. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  8. ^ "'Terrorist attack' on police station in Egypt's Mansoura kills one". Al-Ahram. 24 July 2013. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  9. ^ "Egyptian soldiers killed in Ismailiya and Sinai attacks". Archived from the original on 20 July 2018. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  10. ^ "Three officers killed in Daqahleya". Archived from the original on 11 April 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  11. ^ "Bombing wave hits Egypt amid fear of more violence". Archived from the original on 14 October 2017. Retrieved 1 July 2017.
  12. ^ "Egypt unrest: Six soldiers shot dead in Cairo". Archived from the original on 31 January 2016. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  13. ^ "Two army officers, teenager killed in violence in Egypt". Archived from the original on 14 October 2017. Retrieved 1 July 2017.
  14. ^ "Four killed in Egypt's North Coast during 'terror attack' were not militants". Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  15. ^ "7 high profile militants killed in Suez security raid". Archived from the original on 17 December 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  16. ^ "Death toll rises to three from Mahalla blast". 8 March 2015. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  17. ^ "Third military cadet dies after last week's Kafr El-Sheikh attack". Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  18. ^ "4 killed, 1 injured in Beni Suef explosion". Daily News Egypt. 25 April 2015. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  19. ^ Erin Cunningham (29 June 2015). "Cairo blast kills top prosecutor, raising fears about militant reach in Egypt". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 9 December 2015. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  20. ^ "Egypt's security forces kill 9 'terrorists' during raid in Giza". Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  21. ^ "ISIS claims responsibility for bomb attack against Italian consulate in Cairo | News , Middle East". The Daily Star. 6 July 2015. Archived from the original on 21 December 2015. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  22. ^ "Islamic State 'behind blast' at Italian consulate in Cairo - BBC News". Bbc.com. Archived from the original on 2 July 2018. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  23. ^ "1 dead in car bomb blast at Italian Consulate in Egypt - CNN.com". Edition.cnn.com. Archived from the original on 13 October 2015. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  24. ^ "At least six dead as Islamist protesters clash with police in Cairo". the Guardian. Archived from the original on 23 July 2016. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  25. ^ "Police kill 5 alleged Brothehrood members in Fayoum". Cairo Post.
  26. ^ "Egypt bus bombing kills three policemen, injures 33". Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  27. ^ "Egyptian army kills 10 militants in Bahariya Oasis". Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  28. ^ MENAFN. "9 killed were militants behind Italian Consulate bombing: Police". Archived from the original on 12 October 2017. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  29. ^ "Bomb attack kills six in Cairo". Reuters. 21 January 2016. Archived from the original on 14 October 2017.
  30. ^ "ISIS claims responsibility for Cairo attack that killed 9". The Jerusalem Post. 22 January 2016. Archived from the original on 24 January 2016. Retrieved 22 January 2016.
  31. ^ "Egypte : Attentat au Caire contre le procureur général". 1 October 2016. Archived from the original on 7 April 2017. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
  32. ^ "One passerby killed, another injured in Cairo by roadside IED - Politics - Egypt - Ahram Online". English.ahram.org.eg. 28 October 2016. Archived from the original on 6 April 2017. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
  33. ^ "1 child killed, another injured after bomb detonates in Manshiyet Nasser". Daily News Egypt. 20 November 2016. Archived from the original on 12 December 2016. Retrieved 25 December 2016.
  34. ^ "Bomb targeting policemen kills civilian in Egypt's Kafr El-Sheikh - Politics - Egypt - Ahram Online". Archived from the original on 24 December 2016. Retrieved 25 December 2016.
  35. ^ "Bomb kills civilian, injures three police in northern Egypt: security sources". 9 December 2016. Archived from the original on 6 July 2017. Retrieved 1 July 2017 – via Reuters.
  36. ^ CNN, Sarah Faidell and Steve Almasy. "Egyptian blasts kill, wound police officers". Archived from the original on 23 December 2016. Retrieved 25 December 2016.
  37. ^ "Explosion in Cairo kills 6 Egyptian policemen, injures others". The Washington Post. 9 December 2016. Archived from the original on 9 December 2016. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  38. ^ "Une bombe tue quatre soldats dans le Sinaï". Conflits-FR. 13 December 2016. Archived from the original on 21 December 2016. Retrieved 25 December 2016.
  39. ^ "Egypt: Islamist Murders Christian for Selling Alcohol in Alexandria". PJ Media. 4 January 2017. Archived from the original on 7 January 2017. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  40. ^ "Egypt couple's murder marks second attack on Christians during Copt Christmas". World Watch Monitora. 11 January 2017. Archived from the original on 16 January 2017. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  41. ^ "Police officers die in attack in Egypt's Western Desert". Al-Jazeera. 16 January 2017. Archived from the original on 17 January 2017. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
  42. ^ "Bomb explosion targets police in Egypt's Tanta". Al-Jazeera. 1 April 2017. Archived from the original on 13 October 2017. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  43. ^ "Explosion in Ägypten: 25 Tote, 70 Verletzte". Sputnik News (in German). 9 April 2017. Archived from the original on 12 October 2017. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  44. ^ "Egypt Coptic church blast 'kills at least 13' in Nile Delta". BBC News. 9 April 2017. Archived from the original on 7 January 2018. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  45. ^ "Ägypten: Zweite Explosion nahe Polizeistation". Sputnik News (in German). 9 April 2017. Archived from the original on 12 October 2017. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  46. ^ "BREAKING: Explosion at the Saint Mark's Church in Alexandria: Coptic Church official". Ahram Online. 9 April 2017. Archived from the original on 3 January 2018. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  47. ^ "Blutiger Palmsonntag: Zweite Explosion in Alexandria - Medien". Sputnik News (in German). 9 April 2017. Archived from the original on 12 October 2017. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  48. ^ "Egypt violence: Three police killed in Cairo attack". BBC News. 2 May 2017. Archived from the original on 4 June 2017. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  49. ^ "Egypt Coptic Christians killed in bus attack". BBC News. 26 May 2017. Archived from the original on 4 March 2018. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  50. ^ "At least 35 Coptic Christians killed, 25 injured in Egypt bus attack". Daily Pakistan. 26 May 2017. Archived from the original on 20 July 2017. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  51. ^ "4 Egyptian personnel killed in bomb blast". Middle East Monitor. 1 June 2017. Archived from the original on 26 June 2017. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  52. ^ "UPDATE 3-Roadside explosion in Cairo kills Egyptian policeman". Reuters. 18 June 2017. Archived from the original on 12 October 2017. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  53. ^ "Gunmen shoot dead senior police officer on outskirts of Cairo". Ahram Online. 7 July 2017. Archived from the original on 10 July 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  54. ^ "Gunmen kill five Egyptian police south of Cairo". Reuters. 14 July 2017. Archived from the original on 17 July 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  55. ^ "The Latest: Official: 2 tourists slain in Egypt were German". AP News. 14 July 2017. Archived from the original on 3 January 2018. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  56. ^ "Hurghada-Angreifer handelte im IS-Auftrag". Sputnik (in German). 15 July 2017. Archived from the original on 26 September 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  57. ^ "2 killed, 3 wounded in Egypt attack near Luxor — MENA". Reuters. 4 August 2017. Archived from the original on 10 February 2018. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  58. ^ "Report: Attack on Police Vehicle Kills Four in Northern Sinai". The Jerusalem Post. 8 August 2017. Archived from the original on 18 December 2017. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  59. ^ "Egypt says police killed 3 suspected militants in Cairo". Fox News. 2 October 2017. Archived from the original on 4 February 2018. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  60. ^ "State Information Service condemns BBC, Reuters coverage of Wahat crime". Egypt State Information Service. 21 October 2017. Archived from the original on 27 December 2017. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  61. ^ "Egypt attack: Gunman targets Coptic Christians in church and shop". BBC News. 29 December 2017. Archived from the original on 1 January 2018. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  62. ^ "Mass funeral to be held for Helwan church victims: Coptic Orthodox Church". Egypt Independent. 29 December 2017. Archived from the original on 31 December 2017. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  63. ^ "Gunman kills two Egyptian Christians at liquor store". The New Arab. 1 January 2018. Archived from the original on 1 January 2018. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  64. ^ "Bomb kills two in Alexandria ahead of Egypt presidential vote". CNBC. 24 March 2018. Archived from the original on 20 June 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  65. ^ "Egypt kills six militants from group it accuses over Alexandria bombing". The Straits Times. 26 March 2018. Archived from the original on 20 June 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  66. ^ "2 policeman killed in pre-election bomb attack in Egypt's Alexandria". The Straits Times. 24 March 2018. Archived from the original on 20 June 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  67. ^ "Egypt: Deadly attack on bus near Coptic Christian monastery". AlJazeera. Archived from the original on 3 November 2018. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
  68. ^ "Coptic Church: Attack on Christians in Egypt Kills 14". Voanews. Archived from the original on 3 November 2018. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
  69. ^ "Gunmen in Egypt attack bus carrying Christians, killing at least 8 and wounding 13". WashingtonPost. Archived from the original on 3 November 2018. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
  70. ^ "Egyptian explosives expert killed defusing bomb near church in Cairo". Reuters. 5 January 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  71. ^ "Egypt police kill 6 militants in shootout, says interior ministry". Al Arabiya. 12 January 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  72. ^ "Egypt says kidnapped Christian man is police forensic expert". AP. 19 January 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  73. ^ "Egypt says clashes kill 7 troops, 59 militants in Sinai". AP. 22 January 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  74. ^ "ISIS ambush in southwest Egypt injures 4 police officers". TheDefensePost. 5 February 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  75. ^ "الصفحة غير موجودة - المشرق نيوز دوت نت (in Arabic)". 12 February 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  76. ^ "Fifteen Egyptian troops killed or wounded in North Sinai". France24. 16 February 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  77. ^ "Two policemen killed in Cairo explosion: interior ministry". France24. 19 February 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  78. ^ "Egypt: Suicide blast in Cairo tourist area kills three policemen". Al Jazeera. 19 February 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  79. ^ "Egyptian security forces kill 16 suspected militants: state media". Reuters. 19 February 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  80. ^ "Nine executed in Egypt over Hisham Barakat assassination". The Guardian. 20 February 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  81. ^ "Egypt police officer wounded in Cairo raid that killed 7 suspected militants". TheDefensePost. 7 March 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  82. ^ "Dozens of militants killed in shootouts in Egypt's Sinai: military". Reuters. 11 March 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  83. ^ "Two dead as gunmen attack Egypt police vehicle". France24. 7 April 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  84. ^ "Four police, three civilians killed in bomb attack in North Sinai: ministry". Reuters. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  85. ^ "Egypt's Sinai: At least 47 fighters, 5 troops killed in battle". Al Jazeera. 16 May 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  86. ^ "Egypt explosion: Tourists on bus injured near Giza pyramids". BBC. 19 May 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  87. ^ "Egyptian security forces kill 12 suspected militants after bus bombing". Reuters. 20 May 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  88. ^ "Egypt says security forces kill 16 militants in Sinai". AP. 21 May 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  89. ^ "Egypt police killed in IS attack on Sinai checkpoint". BBC. 5 June 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  90. ^ "Egypt kills 14 suspected militants in raid after Sinai attack". The Arab Weekly. 6 June 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  91. ^ "Egypt officials say police kill 8 militants in Sinai". AP. 7 June 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  92. ^ "Egypt says its forces kill 4 militants in Sinai". AP. 8 June 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  93. ^ "Egypt officials say roadside bomb wounds 6 police in Sinai". AP. 13 June 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  94. ^ "Suspected jihadists kill 4 workers in Egypt's Sinai". The Times of Israel. 22 June 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  95. ^ "Egypt officials say militants kill 6 police in north Sinai". AP. 25 June 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  96. ^ "Has Egypt failed to secure Sinai?". Al Monitor. 30 July 2019. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  97. ^ "Two killed in suicide bombing in Egypt's North Sinai". Al Jazeera. 18 July 2019. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  98. ^ "مصر: 11 قتيلا بشمال سيناء جراء 3 هجمات مسلحة في 24 ساعة". Al Quds. 18 July 2019. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  99. ^ "British Airways, Lufthansa suspend flights to Cairo". Al Jazeera. 20 July 2019. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
  100. ^ "Egypt calls deadly Cairo car blast 'terrorist incident'". Al Jazeera. 5 August 2019. Retrieved 15 August 2019.
  101. ^ "Egypt says security forces killed 17 militants". Al Arabiya. 8 August 2019. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  102. ^ "Six suspected extremists killed in Egypt, says ministry". Al Arabiya. 6 September 2019. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  103. ^ "Six Muslim Brotherhood members killed in firefight in Egypt: Ministry". Al Arabiya. 24 September 2019. Retrieved 26 September 2019.
  104. ^ "Six Muslim Brotherhood members killed in firefight in Egypt: Ministry". Al Arabiya. 24 September 2019. Retrieved 26 September 2019.
  105. ^ "Militants kill seven Egyptian soldiers in Sinai: Report". Middle East Eye. 27 September 2019. Retrieved 29 September 2019.
  106. ^ "Egypt says security forces kill 15 militants in Sinai". Al Arabiya. 29 September 2019. Retrieved 30 September 2019.