Timeline of investigations into Trump and Russia (2017)

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This is a timeline of major events in 2017 related to the investigations into links between associates of Donald Trump and Russian officials that are suspected of being inappropriate, relating to the Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections. Following the timeline of Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections and the post-election transition, this article begins with Donald Trump and Mike Pence being sworn into office on January 20, 2017. The investigations continued in the first and second halves of 2018 and 2019.

Relevant individuals and organizations[edit]

This is a list of individuals and organizations that have been involved in the events related to either the election interference that Russia conducted against the 2016 U.S. elections and/or the resulting investigations into suspected inappropriate links between associates of Donald Trump and Russian officials. Seth Abramson estimated more than 400 people could be listed here.[1]:3





Post-election transition, starting November 8, 2016[edit]

2017 – Trump administration[edit]


  • January:
    • For two days in early January 2017, in a gathering George Nader attended and brokered, Joel Zamel and General Ahmed Al-Assiri met with Michael Flynn and other members of the Trump transition team in New York. Steve Bannon was involved as well. In October 2018, the meeting came under the Mueller investigation's scrutiny.[7]
    • White House Counsel Donald McGahn tells Trump he believes that Flynn had misled the FBI and lied to Vice President Pence, and should be fired.[8]
    • McGahn researches the Logan Act and federal laws related to lying to federal investigators. Records turned over to the Mueller investigation show McGahn believes Flynn violated one or more of those laws.[9]
      Susan Rice's email to herself on January 20, 2017.
  • January 6: Trump is briefed on highly classified intelligence — including from a top-secret source close to Putin — indicating that Putin had personally ordered cyberattacks to influence the 2016 American election.[10]
  • January 20:
    • Trump and Pence take office.[11]
    • While seated at Trump's inauguration speech, Flynn texts Alex Copson, chairman of ACU Strategic Partners, that Russian sanctions blocking a private Russian-backed plan to build nuclear plants in the Middle East will now be "ripped up".[12][13][14][15][16] An associate of Copson later denies the allegation.[17]
    • Sergei Millian, Source D in the Steele dossier, attends VIP inauguration events.[18] He also arranges to meet with Papadopoulos at the Washington, D.C., restaurant Russia House.[19]:95[20] Millian brings Moroccan American music producer Aziz Choukri to the meeting. Papadopoulos later claims Choukri accused Millian of working for the FBI, but in a separate interview Choukri denies the accusation occurred.[20]
    • Natalia Veselnitskaya, the Russian lawyer involved in the June 2016 Trump Tower meeting, and Rinat Akhmetshin, another participant in that meeting, attend the Liberty Ball[21] at the Library of Congress hosted by Representative Dana Rohrabacher's campaign committee. Akhmetshin later claims he received tickets from event organizers, but Rohrabacher's office claims the campaign has no record of such an invitation or of ticket purchases by the two.[22] Ukrainian oligarch Serhiy Lyovochkin attends using tickets acquired for him by Sam Patten and Kilimnik.[23][24] Ukrainian lawmaker Serhiy Kivalov attends the event, but refuses later to tell reporters how he obtained the tickets he displayed on Twitter.[23] Ukrainian lawmaker Borislav Bereza attends using tickets he says he received from someone "connected to Illinois."[23] Ticket sales are counted as donations to Rohrabacher's campaign. In July 2018, Rohrabacher spokesman Kenneth Grubbs tells ABC News, "Apparently, there was some party-crashing going on."[21]
    • Maria Butina attends the inaugural Freedom Ball with Paul Erickson. It is one of the three balls Trump attends.[22][25][26]
  • January 20–21: Manafort, Kilimnik, and Lyovochkin meet in a Westin Hotel in Alexandria, Virginia, to discuss the proposed Ukraine peace plan.[19]:142
  • January 21:
    • Trump appoints Flynn as National Security Advisor.[27]
    • Bannon phones Page, and they talk about Russia. According to congressional testimony given by Page in November 2017, Bannon referred to the dossier and asked him to cancel a scheduled television appearance.[28]
  • January 22: Michael Flynn is sworn in as National Security Advisor.[29]
  • January 23
    • Sean Spicer repeats that Flynn did not discuss sanctions with Kislyak in late December.[30] Emails from December show Spicer most likely knew Flynn discussed sanctions with Kislyak on December 29, 2016, and may have known about the purpose of the call in advance.[31]
    • GCHQ director Robert Hannigan suddenly resigns. The Guardian reports that the resignation may have been over concerns about sharing intelligence with the Trump administration.[32]
Redacted FBI notes on the Flynn interview conducted on January 24, 2017.
  • January 24:
    • The FBI interviews Flynn about his conversations with Kislyak.[33] Flynn denies discussing sanctions with Kislyak, which the FBI knows is false.[34]:30 He conceals the interview, which took place without a lawyer present, from the White House.[35] On December 1, 2017, Flynn will plead guilty to lying during the interview.[36][37]
    • Comey tells top FBI agents that Trump asked him to stay on as FBI director.[38]
  • January 25: The House Intelligence Committee announces[39] that it is investigating "any intelligence regarding links between Russia and individuals associated with political campaigns" and other topics.[40]
  • January 26:
    • Acting Attorney General Sally Yates warns McGahn and White House Counsel's Office attorney James Burnham that Flynn has not been truthful about his contacts with Russia and may be vulnerable to blackmail by Russian intelligence.[41][34]:31 Afterwards, McGahn asks John Eisenberg look into the possible legal implications of the Flynn-Kislyak interactions and the FBI interview.[34]:31 Flynn is fired 18 days later, on February 13.[42]
    • Priebus and McGahn personally tell Trump that Flynn is under criminal investigation.[43]
    • Dmitriev tells Gerson that Putin is asking for feedback on the reconciliation document and wants Dmitriev to have key U.S. meetings within the next two weeks. He says Putin will speak to Trump by phone on January 28.[19]:158
    • Dmitriev tells Nader that Putin emphasized to him that they need to "build this communication channel to avoid bureaucracy."[19]:158

  • January 27:
    • The FBI interviews Papadopoulos at his family's Chicago home about Russian meetings in 2016.[44][45][46] After being cautioned about making false statements, Papadopoulos repeatedly lies to the investigators, telling them he only met Mifsud in February 2016 before he joined the Trump campaign and denying he tried to help Russians set up meetings with the campaign.[47][46] In October 2017 he will plead guilty to making omissions and false statements during the interview.[44][45] Hours after the interview, he applies for the position of Deputy Assistant Secretary in the Department of Energy.[47][46]
    • Eisenberg informs McGahn that Flynn may have violated the law, but is unlikely to be prosecuted.[34]:31-32
    • McGahn has further discussions with Yates about Flynn.[48]
    • During a private dinner at the White House, Comey gets the impression that Trump wants to "create some sort of patronage relationship." Comey will later testify that Trump requested "loyalty" from him, and that he offered "honesty" instead.[49]
    • Deripaska's longtime American lobbyist Adam Waldman visits Julian Assange.[50]
  • January 28: Dmitriev asks Nader whether he can confirm to Putin that Trump may use ideas in his reconciliation document in their phone call later that day. Nader confirms that he and Gerson passed the document on to the Trump team, and that they took it seriously. After the Trump-Putin call, Dmitriev tells Nader "the call went very well" and that Putin wants Dmitriev to continue making public statements on Russian cooperation. Separately, Gerson tells Dmitriev the call went well, and Dmitriev replies that the document "played an important role."[19]:159
  • January 29: Trump's lawyers give Mueller a confidential memo and claim that Trump knew only that Flynn had been interviewed by the FBI, and believed Flynn had been cleared.[51][43]
  • January 31:


  • February:
    • According to later reporting by Michael Wolff, former British Prime Minister Tony Blair, during a visit to the White House, warns Kushner that UK intelligence services may have had the Trump campaign under surveillance. Blair denies Wolff's claims.[54][55]
    • Paul Manafort and Rick Gates falsely assert for a second time in writing to the Justice Department that their work for the Ukrainian government did not require registering as foreign agents in the United States. In September 2018, Manafort pleads guilty to lying to the Justice Department about the extent of his work for the Ukrainian government.[56]
  • Early February: Cohen delivers a pro-Russian Ukrainian peace plan to Flynn while visiting the White House. The plan was developed by Sater and Andrii Artemenko, a Ukrainian politician who said he was encouraged by "top aides" to Putin.[57] The meeting was arranged by Ukrainian-American Alex Oronov, whose daughter is married to Cohen's brother.[58][59] Allen Tactical Security Consultants founder Tommy Allen vetted the peace plan at the request of former congressman Curt Weldon, a longtime friend of Artemenko.[60] Artemenko and Weldon secured funding for promoting the plan from Vekselberg's fund at Columbus Nova.[60]
  • February 2:
  • February 3:
    • Russian tech magnate Aleksej Gubarev files a libel suit in London against Christopher Steele and his company, Orbis Business Intelligence. Gubarev claims he was defamed by allegations in the Steele dossier.[70]
    • Aleksej Gubarev files a libel suit against BuzzFeed in the Broward County Circuit Court in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. Gubarev claims he was defamed by BuzzFeed publishing the Steele Dossier.[70]
  • February 6: Patten publishes an article, "Ukraine Can Win in the Trump Age", in U.S. News & World Report that he and Lyovochkin co-wrote as part of his unregistered lobbying work.[24]
  • February 8:
    • Sessions is confirmed as Attorney General by a vote of 52 to 47;[71] he is sworn in the next day.[72]
    • Comey meets with Priebus at the White House and informs him that Justice Department policy is not to discuss investigations with the White House.[73]
    • Flynn publicly denies that he discussed sanctions with Kislyak in December.[74]
    • According to Trump's lawyers, Flynn tells McGahn, Priebus, and John Eisenberg in a White House discussion that the FBI had met with Flynn to tell him their investigation was over.[51]
    • Vnesheconombank (VEB) head Sergey Gorkov's assistant Ivanchenko texts Kushner's assistant Avi Berkowitz to set up a second meeting between Gorkov and Kushner. In March 2018, Berkowitz tells Mueller's team that he ignored the request because of press coverage of the Russia investigation and did not tell Kushner about it.[19]:163
  • February 9:
    • The Washington Post reports that Flynn privately discussed Russian sanctions with Kislyak before Trump took office, which Flynn had previously denied.[74] Flynn's spokesman now says, "[Flynn] couldn't be certain that the topic never came up."[74] The report leads Pence and White House advisors to read the underlying information from the Justice Department.[34]:37 After speaking to Flynn, Priebus and McGahn conclude that Flynn lied to the FBI and should be terminated.[34]:37
    • Representative Jerrold Nadler (D-NY) introduces a resolution of inquiry in relation to possible crimes relating to Trump's financial dealings or collusion with Russia.[75]
  • February 10
    • Trump tells reporters he did not know about Flynn's December discussions of sanctions with Kislyak.[76]
    • According to Trump's lawyers, Flynn tells McGahn, Priebus, and Pence in a phone call that the FBI had said their investigation was being "closed out."[51]
  • February 11: Flynn omits his paid trip to the Russia Today 10th anniversary gala on a financial disclosure form.[77]
  • February 12: Trump asks Flynn if he lied to Pence about his phone calls with Kislyak. Flynn replies that he doesn't think he did, but he may have forgotten some details about the calls.[34]:37
  • February 13:
    • Flynn is dismissed after less than a month in office.[78][79][34]:38
    • Appearing on Fox News's Your World with Neil Cavuto hours before Flynn leaves, Nunes says he has confidence in Flynn and thinks he shouldn't resign, adding, "He’s probably the best intelligence officer of his generation."[80]
  • February 14:
    • Trump asks Comey, per Comey's testimony to Congress, to drop any investigation of Flynn.[81] The White House later denies the charge.[82] Trump will fire Comey three months later (May 9).[83]
    • White House Press Secretary Sean Spicer states that Trump asked McGahn to determine whether Flynn had broken the law, and that McGahn told the White House that no law had been broken.[84][85][86] He also says no members of the Trump campaign met with Russians during the campaign.[87][86]
    • The New York Times reports that current and former American officials assert that phone records and intercepts show Trump campaign aides were in repeated contact with senior Russian intelligence officials prior to the election.[88] This is consistent with public statements made by Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs officials on November 10, 2016.[89]
  • February 15:
    • In a morning tweet, Trump calls reports of Russian connections to the campaign "non-sense" and says they are part of a coverup by the Clinton campaign.[90] Later that day, speaking at a joint White House news conference with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Trump describes Flynn as "a wonderful man", adding, "I think it is very, very unfair what has happened to General Flynn." He says the classified documents used against Flynn were "illegally leaked" as part of a "coverup for a terrible loss that the Democrats had under Hillary Clinton."[91]
    • Comey asks Sessions to stop direct communications from Trump and to never leave them alone together.[92][93]
    • McCabe tells Priebus the February 14 New York Times article on Russian contacts[88] is wrong, but refuses to issue a press release.[94]
    • Judy Woodruff interviews Carter Page on PBS News Hour. In response to a direct question about meetings with Russians, Page denies having any meetings with Russian officials in 2016.[95]
  • February 16:
    • The FBI interviews Papadopoulos a second time. In the following days, he deletes the Facebook account he had had since 2005 (containing correspondence concerning Russia), opens a new Facebook account, and changes his telephone number.[96][97]
    • During a White House press conference,[98] Trump insists Flynn was fired for lying to Pence. He says he did not tell Flynn to discuss sanctions with Kislyak, but "would have directed him because that's his job." Trump also denies having any connections with Russia.[34]:41-42
  • February 17
  • February 19
    • Corey Lewandowski says in an interview with White House correspondent Jonathan Karl on ABC's This Week that he does not know of anyone on the campaign having any contacts with any Russians.[102]
    • Andrii Artemenko is expelled from the Radical Party amid calls for him to step down from his seat in the Ukrainian parliament (Verkhovna Rada). The party was outraged by the Ukrainian peace proposal he delivered to Michael Cohen in January.[103]
  • February 20:
    • Trump appoints H. R. McMaster to replace Flynn as National Security Adviser.[104]
    • Deputy Press Secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders states during a White House press briefing that "to the best of our knowledge, no contacts took place" between the Trump team and Russia.[105]
    • Ukrainian prosecutors announce they are investigating Artemenko for treason. They allege he conspired with Russia by promoting a peace plan that would "legitimize" the Russian occupation of Crimea.[103]
  • February 23: Trump offers to make McFarland the ambassador to Singapore in exchange for an email stating that he did not instruct Flynn to discuss sanctions with Kislyak. She declines after discussing the offer with Eisenberg.[34]:42-43
  • February 24:
    • Asked about links between Trump and Russia, Spicer says that "there are no connections to find out about".[105]
    • Nigel Farage tells an audience at CPAC that Trump's election and Brexit launched a "great global revolution."[106]
  • February 25: Farage, Trump, his daughter Ivanka, Kushner, and Florida governor Rick Scott dine together at the Trump International Hotel in Washington. Farage is a last-minute addition.[106]
  • February 26:
    • Andy Wigmore tells The Guardian that Robert Mercer donated Cambridge Analytica's services to the Leave.EU campaign. The U.K. Electoral Commission says the donation was not declared.[107]
    • Manafort meets with Kilimnik in Madrid. When asked about the meeting by Mueller's team, Manafort initially denies meeting Kilimnik while in Madrid, then acknowledges the meeting after being shown evidence of Kilimnik traveling there from Moscow. He claims Kilimnik updated him on the status of Ukraine's criminal investigation into the "black ledger" payments to Manafort.[19]:143
  • February 28:


  • March
  • March 1:
    • Sessions comes under scrutiny after reports that he had contact with Russian government officials during the election campaign, even though he denied it during his confirmation hearings. Democratic representatives ask Sessions to resign his post as United States Attorney General.[114][115][34]:48
    • Comey receives an "urgent" call from Trump that Comey views as an attempt to win him over to Trump's side.[116]
    • The DCLeaks website goes offline.[117][19]:42
U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions recusal statement, March 2, 2017
  • March 2:
    • On Trump's instructions, McGahn attempts to persuade Sessions to stop recusing himself from the Russia investigation.[118][119][120][121][34]:49
    • Sessions announces that he will recuse himself from any investigations into Russia's interference in the 2016 presidential election.[122]
    • Carter Page and J.D. Gordon admit publicly for the first time that they met with Kislyak during the campaign.[123][124]
  • March 3: In testimony to Congress, Comey says: “It makes me mildly nauseous to think that we might have had some impact on the election.”[125]
  • March 4:
  • March 5:
    • In a Meet the Press interview, former Director of National Intelligence James Clapper states that, while he was in office, the NSA, FBI, and CIA had found no evidence of collusion between Russia and the Trump campaign.[130] On May 12 he clarifies his statement, saying that he wouldn't have known the contents of an FBI investigation.[131]
    • The White House Counsel's Office is informed that the FBI is asking for Flynn-related records from the transition period, which indicates that Flynn is still under active investigation.[34]:51
  • March 9:
    • Nigel Farage visits Julian Assange at the Ecuadorian Embassy in London. Confronted as he leaves, Farage tells BuzzFeed News that "he [can't] remember what he had been doing in the building".[132]
    • According to the Mueller report, Comey briefs the Gang of Eight in Congress on the FBI's Russia investigation.[133][34]:52
  • March 10:
    • Trump fires 46 U.S. Attorneys, including Preet Bharara, whom Trump had recently told could keep his job.[134] Bharara had been prosecuting a money-laundering case against the Russian company Prevezon. Prevezon's attorney in the case is Natalia Veselnitskaya.[135] The company reaches a financial settlement with the government on May 15, 2017, two days before the trial was scheduled to start.[136]
    • Roger Stone admits to communicating with Guccifer 2.0.[137]
    • Lancaster Online reports that FBI agents had visited the offices of Listrak, the company that housed the Trump server.[138][139]
    • The FBI interviews Carter Page.[19]:97,99–102 He tells them he joined the Trump campaign to help Trump improve relations with Russia.[19]:97
  • March 13: Senate Intelligence Committee Chairman Richard Burr says Roger Stone's communications with Guccifer 2.0 are part of the Committee's ongoing investigation.[140]
  • March 15:
  • Late March: Adam Waldman visits Assange twice.[50]
  • March 16:
    • The Senate Intelligence Committee leaders issue a joint statement saying they saw "no indications" that Trump Tower had been wiretapped by the U.S. Government.[143]
    • According to the Mueller report, Burr briefs the White House Counsel's Office on the March 9 "Gang of Eight" meeting with Comey. He tells them that the FBI is targeting 4–5 people, including Flynn, Manafort, Page, and a "Greek Guy" (a possible reference to Papadopolous).[133][34]:52
    • The FBI interviews Page again.[19]:97,99–100,102
  • March 19: Rohrabacher and Farage go fishing off the coast of Newport, California. Rohrabacher posts a photograph of the two on his Facebook page. In July, he removes the photo from Facebook after a journalist posts it on Twitter.[144][145][146]
  • March 20:
    • The House Intelligence Committee holds its first public hearing. Comey admits that there is an ongoing FBI investigation into whether there were any links between individuals associated with the Russian government and the Trump campaign and whether they coordinated.[147]
    • Devin Nunes tells David Corn of Mother Jones that he has never heard of Carter Page or Roger Stone. Corn is so surprised by the apparent lie that he immediately tweets about it.[148] In February, the White House asked Nunes to read and debunk a February 14 New York Times article[88] that mentioned Page and Stone being under investigation.[149] On March 3, Nunes discussed the article in an interview with Evan Onstot on Fresno, California, television station KSEE. He said he would not call the people named in the story to appear before his committee.[150]
    • WikiLeaks again denies communicating with Roger Stone.[151]
    • The FBI interviews Peter W. Smith associate Jonathan Safron.[152][19]:65
  • March 21:
    • Concerned that Trump will fire Comey, officials at the White House Counsel's Office begin drafting a memo examining whether Trump would need to show cause to justify the firing.[34]:54
    • At Trump's urging, McGahn contacts Boente several times to seek his help in getting Comey or the DOJ to publicly state that Trump is not under investigation. McGahn backs off after Boente convinces him that any intervention could undermine the credibility of investigatory conclusions. Boente tells McGahn that Comey's tenure is not sustainable, which McGahn relays back to Trump.[34]:54-55
  • March 22:
    • Nunes announces that he discovered the intelligence community "incidentally collected" the communications of some members of Trump's transition team, potentially including the president himself,[153] and claims that the information was "widely disseminated". It is later confirmed that he learned this from Senior Director for National Intelligence Ezra Cohen-Watnick and Assistant White House Counsel Michael Ellis, formerly counsel to Nunes's committee, during his White House visit on the previous day.[154][155]
    • Trump asks Coats and Pompeo[34]:55 to publicly deny any links between the Trump campaign and Russia.[156][34]:55 Both refuse, saying the requests are inappropriate.[156][34]:55 Coats later tells staffers that Trump also asked him to get Comey to back off the FBI investigation of Flynn.[157][34]:55-56
    • The Associated Press reports that Manafort signed a contract with Deripaska to promote Deripaska's interests beginning in 2006.[158] Both Manafort and a spokesperson for Deripaska acknowledge that Manafort worked for Deripaska in the past, but deny many of the allegations in the Associated Press report.[159]
  • March 23: Rick Gates, longtime deputy to Manafort and Trump campaign advisor, is forced to leave the pro-Trump nonprofit America First Policies after reports that Manafort sought to further Russian interests.[160]
  • March 24: Blogger Mike Krieger posts an article to blog Zero Hedge claiming that CrowdStrike fabricated its report on the DNC hacking because of its supposed ties to Google, Ukraine, and Hillary Clinton. The article forms the basis for the CrowdStrike conspiracy theory Trump invokes in the July 25, 2019, phone call with Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelensky that leads to an impeachment inquiry against Trump.[161][162]
  • March 25: Trump calls Coats and complains that the Russia investigations are hampering his Russia policies. Coats tells Trump that the best thing to do is to let the investigations run their course.[34]:56
  • March 26: Trump calls Rogers and asks him to publicly refute news stories about Trump and Russia.[156][34]:56-57 NSA Deputy Director Richard Ledgett, who is on the call, drafts a memo memorializing the request, and both he and Rogers sign it.[34]:56-57
  • March 27: Schiff and House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi call for Nunes's recusal from the investigation after details of his White House visit become public.[163]
    'Clint Watts tells Senate intel panel that Russia targets Trump with propaganda'. Video from C-Span
  • March 28: Deripaska runs quarter-page ads in The Wall Street Journal and The Washington Post saying that he is willing to testify before Congress about his relationship with Manafort. In the ads, he denies having signed "a $10 million contract 'to greatly benefit the Putin Government' with Paul Manafort" or similar contracts with anyone else. The ads explicitly deny the contents of the March 22 report by the Associated Press.[164]
  • March 29: The FBI interviews John Szobocsan, an associate of Peter W. Smith.[19]:62-63, 65[152]
  • March 30:
    • Flynn tells the FBI and Congress that he would testify in exchange for immunity from prosecution.[165]
    • Former FBI special agent Clint Watts testifies as an expert witness before the Senate Intelligence Committee.[166]
    • Trump calls Comey in the morning.[34]:57 According to Comey, Trump asks Comey what he can do to lift the "cloud" impairing the Trump presidency.[92][34]:57-58 Trump tells Comey that he didn't do anything wrong and hopes there is a way for Comey to make that information public.[34]:58 After the call, Comey tells Boente about the conversation, asks for guidance, and says he is uncomfortable with direct contact from Trump.[34]:58
    • The FBI interviews Page a third time.[19]:96,100–101
    • The Senate Intelligence Committee holds its first public hearing in its investigation of Russian influence in U.S. elections.[69]
  • March 31:


  • April:
  • April 3: Eli Lake reports in Bloomberg View that former National Security Advisor Susan Rice had requested to unmask the identities of members of the Trump campaign and presidential transition in surveillance records.[169]
  • April 4: BuzzFeed News identifies "Male-1", described in 2015 US government court documents containing evidence of a Russian spy ring attempting to recruit American assets in New York, as Carter Page.[170][171]
  • April 6: Nunes recuses himself from the House Intelligence Committee investigation.[172] The House Ethics Committee starts an investigation of Nunes's conduct in the month of March.[173]
  • April 9: The Internet Research Agency's "United Muslims of America" Facebook group posts a meme complaining about the cost of the April 6 missile strike on Syria by the United States. The strike had been made in retaliation for a chemical weapons attack by the Syrian government. The meme asserts the $93 million cost of the strike "could have founded [sic] Meals on Wheels until 2029."[174]
  • April 11:
  • April 19: The White House refuses to fulfill a request from the House Oversight Committee for documents related to Flynn's foreign lobbying.[179]
  • April 21: The Ukrainian Prosecutor General's office recommends Andrii Artemenko be stripped of his Ukrainian citizenship because he also holds Canadian citizenship. Ukrainian citizens are not allowed to hold dual citizenship.[180] Artemenko is under investigation for treason.[103]
  • April 23: Trump tells AP White House correspondent Julie Pace in an Oval Office interview that CrowdStrike is a Ukrainian company that the DNC brought in to examine their hacked server after refusing to let the FBI examine it.[181] His claims are from a debunked conspiracy theory that becomes part of a 2019 impeachment inquiry against Trump.[162][182] This appears to be the first time that the conspiracy theory links CrowdStrike with a wealthy Ukrainian owner and asserts that the DNC server may be in Ukraine.[183]
  • April 25:
    • Rosenstein is confirmed by the Senate by a vote of 94–6.[184][185]
    • Chaffetz tells reporters, "I see no data to support the notion that General Flynn complied with the law" regarding the payments he received from the Turkish and Russian governments.[69]
  • April 29: Trump is interviewed by John Dickerson on Face The Nation. He says, "The concept of Russia with respect to [the Trump campaign] is a total phony story."[186]


  • May 2:
    • Trump and Putin plan Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov's May 10 White House visit.[34]:71
  • May 3:
  • May 4:
    • Rice refuses to testify to Congress.[189]
    • In a Wall Street Journal interview, Peter Smith, a GOP operative and independent opposition researcher, says he tried to acquire the 33,000 deleted Clinton emails. Smith contacted several hackers who claimed to have data, including some potential Russian operatives. Flynn's son Michael G. Flynn was reportedly involved in the effort. Smith kills himself ten days after the interview.[190][191][192]
  • May 5
    • An aide to Sessions asks a member of Congressional staff if they know of any damaging information about Comey, according to January 2018 reporting by The New York Times.[118]
    • Andrii Artemenko is stripped of his Ukrainian citizenship by order of Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko.[193]
    • The FBI interviews Stephen Miller.[34]:64
    • The Washington Post reports that members of the Trump transition team told Flynn in November 2015 that his phone converstions with Kislyak were likely monitored by U.S. intelligence agencies.[69][194]
    • The White House confirms Lavrov's May 10 White House visit.[34]:71
  • May 5–7: At Trump's direction, White House Senior Advisor for policy Stephen Miller drafts a letter of dismissal of Comey.[195][34]:64-65
  • May 8: In an Oval Office meeting, Trump informs Priebus, Kushner, Pence and McGahn of his intent to remove Comey, and gives them copies of the Miller draft. McGahn objects to the letter's angry tone and convenes a separate meeting later that day with Sessions, his chief of staff Jody Hunt, White House Counsel's Office attorney Uttam Dhillon, and Rosenstein, who had previously considered removing Comey from office. Rosenstein is given a copy of Miller's draft and agrees to write a new memo that would support the dismissal, using Comey's handling of the Hillary Clinton email investigation as the main rationale.[195][34]:65-68
  • May 9:
    • Rosenstein gives Sessions the memo to provide the basis for a recommendation that Comey be dismissed.[196][197][34]:68 Rosenstein later says Trump ordered him to write the memo.[198]
    • Trump dismisses Comey from his position as FBI Director.[125]
    • Spicer tells the press that Trump "has no business in Russia; he has no connections to Russia."[199]
    • Upset over the negative press coverage about Comey's firing, Trump calls Rosenstein and asks him to tell the press that Comey's firing was his idea. Rosenstein declines, saying it was a bad idea to talk to the press because he would have to tell the truth that it was Trump's idea. Spicer holds an unplanned press conference that evening and tells reporters, "It was all [Rosenstein]. No one from the White House. It was a DOJ decision."[34]:70
  • May 10:
    • Trump holds a meeting in the White House with Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and Kislyak. U.S. reporters are excluded.[200] He tells them he is unconcerned about Russian interference in the 2016 election because the U.S. has interfered in other countries' elections in the past.[201] Trump reportedly tells Lavrov and Kislyak he fired Comey to relieve pressure caused by the investigation.[202] Trump shares classified intelligence about ISIS with Lavrov and Kislyak without first seeking permission from the allied sources who collected the information.[203] It is later confirmed that the intelligence came to Trump from Israel via Mike Pompeo.[204][205]
    • Pence characterizes the dismissal of Comey as a reactive decision Trump made in response to a recommendation by Sessions and Rosenstein.[206]
  • May 10–16:
    • Acting FBI director Andrew McCabe meets with Rosenstein to discuss Comey's firing. Rosenstein tells McCabe that Trump wanted him to reference Russia in the Comey memo. Rosenstein says he deliberately omitted Russia in the version he gave Sessions on May 9. He gives McCabe a copy of the original draft dismissal letter Stephen Miller wrote for Trump. McCabe documents his conversation with Rosenstein in a memo and later gives Mueller the memo and the draft letter.[207][195][196]
    • McCabe opens an obstruction of justice investigation.[208]
    • Rosenstein raises the idea of wearing a wire while speaking with Trump, and exploring whether Cabinet members would invoke the 25th Amendment to remove Trump from office.[208]
  • May 11:
    • In an interview with NBC News's Lester Holt, Trump says the Russia investigation was a consideration for him in deciding to dismiss Comey.[209][210][211][212][213]
    • Rosenstein briefs Chairman Burr and the panel's top Democrat, Warner, who were running their own Russia investigation. According to contemporaneous text messages between FBI officials, "Warner conveyed that he wanted (a) special counsel" and Rosenstein "said he took that under advisement."[208]
    • The New York Times reports[49] that Trump asked Comey for his loyalty at a private dinner in January.[34]:73-74
  • May 12:
    Congressman Al Green's Floor Speech on the Impeachment of President Trump
    • Trump threatens Comey with alleged secret recordings of their conversations.[214]
    • Two of Trump's lawyers, Sheri A. Dillon and William F. Nelson, say in a letter that the only income Trump has had from Russia are the 2008 sale of Maison de L’Amitie for $95 million to Dmitry Rybolovlev and $12.2 million in payments connected to the Miss Universe 2013 pageant in Moscow. The letter is criticized for covering only a short time period.[215]
  • May 15: Deripaska sues the Associated Press (AP) for libel. He claims he was defamed by an AP story about his business dealings with Manafort.[216]
  • May 16: A key Comey memo about his interactions with Trump is leaked to The New York Times, which publishes an article saying that Trump had asked Comey to go easy on Flynn.[208]
  • May 17:
  • Late May: Mueller's team interviews Comey.[220]
  • May 18: The Russian State Duma approves the nomination of former Deputy Defense Minister Anatoly Antonov to replace Kislyak as U.S. ambassador.[221]
  • May 19: Feinstein repeats her statement of May 3 that no evidence of collusion was found, and adds that "there are rumors".[222]
  • May 22: Flynn refuses to hand over subpoenaed documents to the Senate Intelligence Committee, citing the Fifth Amendment protection against self-incrimination.[223]
    'Russia, Trump Team in Contact, Former CIA Director Tells Congress' video from Voice of America
  • May 23:
  • May 24:
    • U.S. media reports that Trump has hired lawyer Marc Kasowitz, his longtime legal counsel, to represent him in any inquiry.[228]
    • Sessions claims the reason he didn't disclose meetings with Russian officials on his security forms is that the FBI told him not to list foreign officials he met with in connection with "his Senate activities."[229]
    • The Washington Post reports that Comey's October 2016 decision to reopen the Clinton email investigation was largely based on a probably fake Russian intelligence document. The document discussed a purported email from Attorney General Loretta E. Lynch to Clinton campaign staffer Amanda Renteria in which she promised to go easy on Clinton. Rentaria says she knows a Loretta Lynch who worked for the Clinton campaign during the Whitewater investigation and whom bloggers commonly confuse with the Attorney General.[230]
  • May 25: The Senate Intelligence Committee unanimously votes to give its Republican chairman Richard Burr, and Democratic vice chairman Mark R. Warner, "blanket authority" to issue subpoenas during their investigation.[231]
  • May 26:
    • The Washington Post reports that Kislyak told Moscow that Kushner wanted a secret communications channel with the Kremlin under Russian supervision.[232]
    • The Senate Intelligence Committee requests that the Trump campaign turn over "all of its emails, documents and phone records" related to Russia. Several months earlier, the committee had asked the campaign committee to preserve records.[233]
    • Mikhail Fridman, Petr Aven, and German Khan file a libel suit against BuzzFeed in New York state court for publishing the Steele dossier. They allege that allegations in the dossier damaged their reputations. All three are owners of Alfa-Bank.[234][235]
    • The New York Times reports that Deripaska offered to give testimony to congressional intelligence committees in exchange for a grant of full immunity. The committees declined the offer because of concerns that the deal would hamper ongoing criminal investigations.[236]
    • Mueller's team interviews 2016 Republican National Convention delegate Rachel Hoff.[19]:125–127[237]
  • May 27: The FBI searches Manafort's storage locker for evidence related to the June 2016 Trump Tower meeting. Alexander Trusko, an associate of Manafort with a key to the locker, opens it for the FBI without being shown a search warrant. Trusko signs a consent-to-search form. Upon seeing the locker's contents, the FBI leaves and returns with a warrant. In June 2018, Judge Jackson rejects a motion to suppress evidence found in the locker because Trusko's name is on the lease and he opened the locker voluntarily.[238][239][240][177]
  • May 30:
  • May 31:
    • The House Intelligence Committee serves seven subpoenas – including those on Cohen and Flynn – for testimony, personal documents and business records.[245][246]
    • The FBI and Congressional committees inquire about a possible third encounter between Sessions and Kislyak on April 27, 2016.[247]
    • The Trump administration offers to reopen the two Russian diplomatic compounds, in New York and Maryland, that the Obama administration locked down on December 29, 2016.[248]
    • The White House announces that it will no longer take questions relating to Russia-Trump allegations, referring such questions to Trump's lawyers.[249]


At a conference in St. Petersburg, NBC's Megyn Kelly repeatedly questioned Putin about Russian interference in the 2016 US elections.[250][251]
  • Summer
    • Mueller's team interviews Rosenstein.[252]
    • According to statements made by Ty Cobb in June 2018, McGahn recuses himself and his entire White House staff from the Russia investigation because of their involvement in Flynn's firing.[253]
  • June:
    • Trump orders White House Counsel Donald F. McGahn II to fire Mueller. McGahn refuses to relay the order to the Justice Department, saying he would quit. Trump backs down.[254]
    • The FBI obtains a new FISA warrant for Carter Page to replace the expired warrant from April.[167][168]
    • Trump inauguration committee chair Tom Barrack tells the AP that "a full and clean external audit has been conducted and completed" of the committee's finances, but refuses to furnish a copy.[255] The committee's finances come under criminal investigation in December 2018.[256]
  • June 1: Mueller's team interviews Yuval Weber,[19]:99 the son of New Economic School rector Shlomo Weber.[257]
  • June 2:
    • The Guardian reports that Nigel Farage is a person of interest in the FBI investigation of the Trump campaign.[258]
    • Goldstone discusses his participation in the June 9, 2016, Trump Tower meeting with Alan Garten, the general counsel to the Trump Organization. He then emails Veselnitskaya's name to Garten.[19]:121
  • June 3:
    • Mueller takes over an earlier probe into Manafort's activities in Ukraine.[259]
    • The Internet Research Agency's "United Muslims of America" Facebook group organizes the "Make peace, not war!" protest outside Trump Tower in New York City. It is unclear whether anyone attends this protest or instead attends the "March for Truth" affiliated protest held on the same day.[174][260][261]
  • June 5: The Intercept publishes a top secret NSA document that discusses the targeting by GRU of computer systems maintaining voter rolls in several states.[262][263] Reality Winner, an NSA contractor, is arrested for leaking the document.[264]
    'Coats refuses to say whether Trump asked him to intervene in Flynn investigation'. Video from C-Span.
  • June 7:
    • Coats and Rogers testify to the Senate Intelligence Committee that they never felt pressured by Trump to do anything inappropriate, but decline to answer questions on private conversations with him.[265]
    • In a prepared written testimony to the Senate Intelligence Committee,[266] Comey confirms telling Trump that he was not personally under investigation, and refusing to say this publicly without prior approval from the Attorney General's office.[267] He also states that Trump felt the Russia story was a "cloud" that prevented him from performing his job as president.[267]
    • The Daily Beast reports that Flynn, while national security advisor, pushed the Pentagon to cooperate with the Russian military in Syria. Such cooperation was banned by Congress in 2015.[268]
    • Mueller's team interviews 2016 Republican National Convention delegate Diana Denman for the first time.[19]:125–126
  • June 8: Comey testifies before the Senate Intelligence committee.[269]
  • June 9:
    • Mueller's team interviews Denis Klimentov, an employee at the New Economic School who attempted to connect Page with the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.[19]:99
    • Mueller's team interviews FBI chief of staff James Rybicki for the first of four times.[34]:41
  • June 12:
    • The Senate Intelligence Committee conducts closed meetings with Rogers and former DHS Secretary Jeh Johnson in the Senate's SCIF.[270]
    • The media report that Trump has considered the possibility of dismissing Mueller.[271]
    • Representative Brad Sherman (D-CA) begins circulating articles of impeachment to other members of Congress.[272]
    • Mueller's team interviews Rogers.[34]:56-57, 82
  • June 13:
    • The U.S. Senate agrees on a new package of sanctions on Russia in retaliation to the election interference. The bill is drafted to prevent Trump from lifting sanctions unilaterally.[273]
    • Sessions testifies before the Senate Intelligence Committee.[274]
    • Rosenstein testifies to the Senate that he is the only person empowered to dismiss Mueller, and that he sees no reason to do so.[275]
    • Mueller's team interviews former NSA deputy director Richard Ledgett.[34]:56-57, 82
    • Mueller's team interviews Rybicki for the second of four times.[34]:72
  • June 14:
    • The Washington Post confirms that Mueller is investigating Trump for obstruction of justice, in relation to his dismissal of Comey.[276]
    • Mueller's team interviews Coats.[34]:32, 55–57, 82
    • Mueller's team interviews Culver.[further explanation needed][34]:55–56, 82
    • Mueller's team interviews Mike Dempsey.[34]:55–56
    • Mueller's team interviews Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Intelligence Integration Edward Gistaro.[34]:56–57, 82
  • June 16: Trump tweets: "I am being investigated for firing the FBI Director by the man who told me to fire the FBI Director! Witch Hunt."[277]
  • June 18: Trump's lawyer Jay Sekulow states that he has not been notified of any investigation into Trump himself.[278]
  • June 19:
    • ABC News contradicts the Post's report of June 14, saying no decision has yet been made on whether to investigate Trump for potential obstruction of justice.[279]
    • Mueller's team interviews Lewandowski for the first of two times.[34]:91-92
  • June 20
  • June 21: Kushner's lawyers provide an amended SF-86 to the FBI, their third such change, to list the meeting with the Russian lawyer.[283]
  • June 22: Mueller's team interviews Rybicki for the third of four times.[34]:41
  • June 23: The FBI interviews Kushner about his security clearance.[283]
  • June 27:
    • Manafort registers retroactively as a foreign agent with the DoJ, showing that his firm received $17.1 million over two years from Yanukovych's Party of Regions.[284]
    • Goldstone emails Emin Agalarov stating that he was "interviewed by attorneys" about the Trump Tower meeting who were "concerned because it links Don Jr. to officials from Russia—which he has always denied meeting." He reminds Agalarov that he said at the time it was "an awful idea and a terrible meeting." Goldstone sends Kaveladze a screenshot of the email.[19]:121
  • June 28: Mueller's team interviews Pompeo.[34]:23, 55, 57
  • June 30: On the Lawfare blog, British security consultant Matt Tait claims that he had a series of conversations with Peter Smith in 2016, concerning Hillary Clinton's emails, an unnamed dark web contact, and a new Delaware company called KLS Research.[285][286] Tait is interviewed by Mueller shortly thereafter.[287]


  • July:
  • Nunes staffers Kash Patel and Doug Presly travel to London and try to contact Steele without informing the U.S. Embassy or the British government of their trip. They find Steele at his lawyer's office, but the lawyer refuses to let them meet with Steele.[288][289][290][291]
  • On CNN Tonight with Don Lemon, Whitaker, who Trump would appoint acting AG in November 2018, states "So, I could see a scenario where Jeff Sessions is replaced with a recess appointment, and that attorney general doesn't fire Bob Mueller, but he just reduces his budget to so low that his investigation grinds to almost a halt."[292]
  • Early July: In response to queries from Politico about assertions made by Peter W. Smith in November 2016, WikiLeaks denies it has been in possession of Clinton's deleted 30,000 emails since February 2016. WikiLeaks also declines to say whether Smith was in contact with the group.[293]
  • July 7: During a two-hour meeting with Trump at the 2017 G20 Hamburg summit, Putin denies interfering in the 2016 US election. Trump conducts a second meeting with Putin some hours later, with no US aides. The second meeting is undisclosed by the White House until July 18, following news reports.[294][295][296][297] Trump takes his translator's notes and orders the translator not to discuss the meeting with other administration officials.[298] Concerns about violations of the Presidential Records Act are later raised.
  • July 8: Returning from Germany aboard Air Force One, Trump preemptively dictates a misleading statement on behalf of Trump Jr., claiming that the Veselnitskaya meeting on June 9, 2016 concerned child adoption.[299][300][301]
  • July 9:
    • The New York Times first reports that Trump Jr., Kushner and Manafort met Veselnitskaya at Trump Tower on June 9, 2016.[302][303] In response to the report, Goldstone sends Emin Agalarov a text message stating that he kept Emin's father out of the story, and warns that it could blow up.[19]:121
    • President Trump says he and Putin "discussed forming an impenetrable cyber security unit so that election hacking, and many other negative things, will be guarded and safe." Trump later says he does not think this will happen.[304]
  • July 10
    • Trump, Hicks, and Mark Corallo, a spokesman for Trump's legal team, have a conference call to discuss the handling of the Veselnitskaya meeting revelations. Corallo says the statement drafted on Air Force One will backfire because the original emails will eventually come out. Hicks responds the emails "will never get out." Corallo resigns shortly thereafter, reportedly due to concerns over possible obstruction of justice.[305]
    • Trump Organization lawyers email Rob Goldstone and two others a prepared statement drafted in Goldstone's name to use as a response to inquires about the Trump Tower meeting. The statement supports Trump Jr.'s account of the meeting.[306][19]:122 Goldstone responds with his own version of the statement that says he was acting on behalf of Emin Agalarov and that the meeting was about DNC funding from Russia, but never uses either statement.[19]:122
    • Regarding the Trump Tower meeting, Whitaker stated "But if you have somebody that you trust that is saying you need to meet with this individual because they have information about your opponent, you would take that meeting. There is no suggestion that at the time Donald Trump Jr. knew..."[307]
  • July 10–18: Further details about the Veselnitskaya meeting emerge in the press.[308][309][310]
  • July 11: Trump Jr. tweets his emails about the Veselnitskaya meeting before The New York Times publishes them minutes later.[311][312]
  • July 12:
    • Two Democratic Party donors and a former party staff member file an invasion of privacy lawsuit against Trump’s campaign and Stone.[313]
    • Articles of Impeachment against President Trump are formally filed in the House of Representatives.[314]
    • Speaking on Fox News, Pence's spokesman Marc Lotter repeatedly refuses to clarify whether or not Pence met with Russian representatives.[315][316]
    • Rohrabacher removes a photo of himself and Nigel Farage from Facebook after a journalist posts it on Twitter.[144][146]
    • CNN reports that multiple DNC officials and former Clinton campaign officials deny working with Ukraine to find dirt on Trump and his associates. DNC research director Lauren Dillon says, "I've been director of research at the DNC for four years and had zero contact with foreign governments." The denials are in response to claims by White House officials that Alexandra Chalupa worked with the Ukrainian embassy to smear Manafort.[317]
    • Mueller's team interviews translator Anatoli Samochornov for the first of two times.[19]:117, 119[34]:99
    • Mueller's team interviews security expert Eric York for the first of three times.[19]:63[192]
  • July 13:
    • Mueller's team interviews Samochornov for the second of two times.[19]:117-118, 123
    • Mueller's team interviews security expert Eric York for the second of three times.[19]:63[192]
  • July 14: Brad Parscale, the digital media director of Trump's campaign, issues a statement stating "I am unaware of any Russian involvement in the digital and data operation of the 2016 Trump presidential campaign" after accepting an invitation to testify before the House Intelligence Committee.[318]
  • July 17: Mueller's team interviews former Acting Assistant Attorney General Mary McCord.[34]:26, 30-31
Michael Cohen search warrants
  • July 18: Mueller obtains a search warrant for Michael Cohen's Gmail account.[319][320]
  • July 19:
    • The New York Times reports on offshore transactions and shell companies linked to Manafort's work in Ukraine and investments with a Russian oligarch.[321]
    • The New York Times reports on sources claiming that Deutsche Bank is cooperating with federal investigators about Trump accounts.[322]
    • Trump, in an interview with The New York Times, threatens Mueller's job if the investigation expands to his personal finances.[323]
    • The UK's National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) says it has never certified Kaspersky Lab's security software, an admission that comes just a week after the Trump administration booted the firm from two of its approved suppliers lists.[324]

  • July 20:
    • Bloomberg News reports that Mueller is investigating Trump's business transactions.[325]
    • The Washington Post reports Trump is asking his attorneys about his ability to pardon himself and other key aides and family members.[326]
    • Paul Behrends is removed from his position as staff director for a House Foreign Affairs subcommittee chaired by Rohrabacher. The move comes after news reports about Behrends's and Rohrbacher's trip to Moscow in April 2016.[327]
    • Senator Chuck Grassley sends the Justice Department a letter calling for an investigation into alleged coordination between Chalupa and the Ukrainian government to interfere in the 2016 election. He cites the January 11 Politico report on alleged Ukrainian interference as evidence.[328][329]
    • Mueller's team interviews Yates's top deputy Matthew S. Axelrod.[34]:30[330]
  • July 21:
    • The Washington Post reports Sessions discussed Trump campaign-related matters with Kislyak.[331]
    • The Senate Judiciary Committee requests all communications between Trump Jr. and a group of people, including Jill Stein. She publicly describes the notion that she communicated with Trump Jr. as "an obvious smear designed to generate a fake news feeding frenzy".[332]
    • John M. Dowd replaces Marc Kasowitz at the head of Trump's legal team, following personal threats made by Kasowitz.[333] Legal spokesman Mark Corallo resigns.[334] Michael Wolff later reports that Corallo had been instructed not to speak to the press or to answer his telephone, and that he privately stated his belief that the Air Force One meeting on July 8, 2017 represented likely obstruction of justice.[335]
    • A complaint is filed against Representative Dana Rohrabacher with the Office of Foreign Assets Control alleging violations of Magnitsky Act sanctions.[336][337] In April 2016, Rohrabacher received a document directly from Russian Deputy Prosecutor Viktor Grin, an individual under sanctions, and used it in attempts to weaken the Magnitsky Act.[338] The allegation is that the work Rohrabacher performed was a "service" provided to Grin in violation of the sanctions against Grin.[336]
  • July 22: Trump asserts "complete power" to pardon anyone in relation to the Russia investigation.[339]
  • July 24: After a closed-door meeting with the Senate Intelligence Committee, Kushner issues a statement denying any collusion with Russian officials.[340][341]
  • July 25:
    • Kushner meets with the House Intelligence Committee in a closed-door meeting.[342][341]
    • Manafort meets with members of the Senate Intelligence Committee and turns over contemporaneous notes of the June 9, 2016 meeting.[343][344]
    • In an Oval Office interview with The Wall Street Journal's Gerard Baker, Trump states that there was "nobody on the campaign that saw anybody from Russia".[345]
  • July 26: The FBI conducts a predawn raid on Manafort's home, seizing documents and electronic devices.[343][346] The raid happens on the day Manafort was scheduled to testify before the Senate Judiciary Committee.[347]
  • July 27: Papadopoulos is arrested upon arrival at Washington Dulles International Airport.[348]
  • July 28: Trump indicates his intention to sign the bill passed by overwhelming veto-proof majorities in both houses of Congress taking the sanctions in place against Russia out of the president's control.[349][350]
  • July 30: Putin, responding to sanctions, orders a cut in U.S. diplomatic staff by 755, and bars U.S. officials from entering a warehouse in Moscow used by the United States Embassy and to a site along the Moscow River.[351]
  • July 31: The Washington Post reports that Trump personally dictated a statement for Donald Trump Jr. stating that the Veselnitskaya meeting “primarily discussed a program about the adoption of Russian children”.[299]
  • Late July: Mueller removes senior FBI investigator Peter Strzok from his team following the discovery of private texts exchanged with FBI lawyer Lisa Page during the Clinton investigation and the election campaign. According to The Washington Post, the texts contain pro-Clinton comments, are critical of Congress and the media, and call Trump an "idiot" and a "loathsome human".[352][353][354]


  • August 1
  • August 2:
    • Trump signs the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA), legislation limiting his ability to ease sanctions against Russia. He describes the bill as "flawed" and "unconstitutional".[357][358]
    • The Trump campaign turns over about 20,000 pages of documents to the Senate Intelligence Committee, as demanded by Feinstein and Grassley.[359]
    • Christopher A. Wray is sworn in as the new FBI director.[360]
    • Rosenstein authorizes Mueller to investigate allegations that Manafort, Page, and Papadopoulos "committed a crime or crimes by colluding with Russian government officials with respect to the Russian government's efforts to interfere with the 2016 presidential election," payments Manafort received from Ukrainian politicians, and loans he received from a bank CEO to secure a position in the Trump administration.[361][19]:11-12[34]:D-2 He further authorizes Mueller to investigate allegations that Papadopoulos was an unregistered agent of the government of Israel, that Flynn was an unregistered agent of the government of Turkey, and other allegations involving Flynn and Trump.[19]:11-12[34]:D-1
  • August 3:
    • The Wall Street Journal and The Washington Post report that Mueller has convened a grand jury in the District of Columbia District Court exclusively for his Russia probe.[362][363]
    • Flynn reveals a brief advisory role with Cambridge Analytica, the data mining and analysis firm that worked with Trump’s campaign, and the sponsoring Mercer family in an amended public financial filing. Flynn also discloses income from the Trump transition team.[364][365]
    • Newsweek publishes an interview with Jill Stein in which she describes as "fake news" all suggestion of wrongdoing or collusion in relation to members of the Trump campaign and the visit to Moscow during which she was photographed with Putin and Flynn.[366]
    • Senators Lindsey Graham (R-SC), Richard Blumenthal (D-CT), Thom Tillis (R-NC) and Chris Coons (D-DE) unveil legislation designed to prevent Trump from firing Mueller.[367]
  • August 4: CNN reports that some of Mueller's investigators bought liability insurance to protect themselves against possible lawsuits from some of the people under investigation.[368]
  • August 5: Kislyak denies any inappropriate contact with Flynn, and says he will not agree to testify before Congress or a grand jury.[369]
  • August 6: Rosenstein confirms that Mueller is authorized to investigate any crime exposed by his inquiry.[370]

  • August 7: Mueller's team interviews Gordon for the first of four times through February 14, 2019.[19]:86, 126
  • August 8: Mueller's team obtains a search warrant for Cohen's Apple iCloud account.[320]
  • August 9:
  • August 11:
    • Rinat Akhmetshin gives sworn testimony for two hours to Mueller's grand jury.[374]
    • The Senate Intelligence Committee asks Sigal Mandelker, the Under Secretary of the Treasury for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence, to provide any "suspicious" or "derogatory" transaction records reported by banks involving Maria Butina, Alexander Torshin, Paul Erickson, Investing With Dignity, or Bridges LLC. Erickson owns Investing With Dignity and jointly owns Bridges LLC with Butina. The committee sends a follow-up request on December 7 complaining that it hasn't received a response.[375]
  • August 14:
    • Pence says he "never witnessed" and was "not aware" of any collusion between the Trump campaign and Russian officials.[376]
    • The Washington Post first reports on Papadopoulos's repeated attempts to arrange campaign meetings with the Russian leadership, which Manafort is said to have refused.[377]
    • Thousands of people participate in the "Protest Trump and ideology of hate at Trump Tower!" protest outside Trump Tower in New York City. The protest was organized by the "Resisters" group on Facebook, one of the "bad actor" groups identified by Facebook in July 2018 as possibly belonging to the IRA.[378][379]
  • August 15:
  • August 16: Ukrainian Member of Parliament Andrii Derkach files a request with the Ukrainian prosecutor general to open a criminal investigation into whether Ukrainian government officials interfered in the 2016 U.S. presidential election. He alleges that government officials revealed the presence of Manafort's name in the "black ledger" in a deliberate attempt to help Clinton win the election.[383]
  • August 17: Mueller's team interviews McCabe for the first of two times.[34]:30, 35-37, 45, 52
  • August 18:
    • Yahoo! News reports that Charles C. Johnson refused a request from the Senate Intelligence Committee for documents related to his involvement with Peter W. Smiths's effort to locate Clinton's deleted emails.[380]
    • Josua Caplan writes in the Gateway Pundit that the mainstream media is ignoring the alleged Ukraine-Clinton collusion scandal. The article adds fuel to the Ukraine-Clinton-CrowdStrike conspiracy theory.[162]

August 22, 2017 Fusion GPS Testimony Transcript of Glenn R. Simpson
  • August 22:
    • Steele names to the FBI sources for the information in his Trump–Russia dossier.[384]
    • Fusion GPS founder Glenn R. Simpson, who hired Steele to compile the dossier, speaks privately with the Senate Judiciary Committee and hands over more than 40,000 documents.[384] Simpson tells the Committee that Steele knew that the FBI had an informant in Trump's campaign, and that the FBI's own information substantiated the details of Steele's research. Simpson also states that Steele broke off relations with the FBI shortly after October 31, 2016 due to his concerns that Trump's associates were manipulating the FBI. Simpson's attorney Josh Levy states during the meeting that a person has been killed as a result of the Steele dossier's publication.[385][386][387][388]
    • Mueller's team interviews former GCHQ security expert Matt Tait.[19]:63
  • August 23:
    • The FBI requests from the General Services Administration (GSA) copies of communications by nine members of Trump's team, according to Trump transition lawyer Kory Langhofer. A further request is made on August 30.[389]
    • Chairman Grassley confirms that the Senate Judiciary Committee will vote on the question of releasing the transcript of the August 22 Fusion GPS testimony.[390] A vote is never scheduled; Feinstein will unilaterally publish the transcript on January 9, 2018.[388]
    • The Internet Research Agency's @TEN_GOP Twitter account is closed.[391]
  • August 24:
    • The New York Times reports that Akhmetshin had stronger ties to the Russian government and Kremlin-backed oligarchs than previously known.[392]
    • The House Intelligence Committee issues subpoenas to the FBI and the DoJ for documents relating to the Trump dossier. They were not complied with by the September 1 deadline; the deadline is extended to September 14.[393]
  • August 25: The Washington Post and NBC report that Mueller has issued subpoenas to several lobbying firms connected to Flynn and Manafort, including Mercury Public Affairs and SGR LLC.[394][395]
  • Late August: Fancy Bear launches a Spoofing/phishing attack on Senator Claire McCaskill's 2018 reelection campaign.[396]
  • August 27: The Washington Post reports that the Trump Organization was actively pursuing plans to develop Trump Tower Moscow during the Presidential campaign in 2015–16, though Trump did not mention it publicly at the time.[397]
  • August 28: Cohen's legal team submits a written statement to the House and Senate Intelligence Committees. The statement is the basis for Cohen's 2018 guilty plea for lying to Congress.[398][399]

  • August 29:
    • CNN reports that Mueller has subpoenaed Manafort's former attorney Melissa Laurenza and spokesman Jason Maloni.[400]
    • Mueller's team interviews Goldstone the first of two times through February 8, 2018.[19]:123
    • Mueller's team interviews Gordon the second of four times.[19]:86, 123–127
    • Mueller's team interviews McFarland the first of three times.[34]:29
  • August 30:
    • Politico reports that Mueller has arranged with New York Attorney General Eric Schneiderman to set up an alternative method of charging people in the case, in case Trump were to use his pardon power to stymie the investigation.[401]
    • Hundred of people attend "The People's Protest. Springfield against Trump" protest near the Loren Cook Co. in Springfield, Missouri, where Trump gives a speech. The protest was organized by the "Resisters" group on Facebook, one of the "bad actor" groups identified by Facebook in July 2018 as possibly belonging to the IRA. In July 2018, Indivisible St. Louis tells The Hill they were already planning the protest when they were contacted by "Resisters" on Facebook.[402][379]
  • August 31:
    • The Daily Beast reports that Mueller has enlisted the IRS's Criminal Investigations Unit to investigate Trump's tax returns.[403]
    • The Wall Street Journal reports that, over the past months, Trump's lawyers have been making their case to Mueller that Trump should not be charged with obstruction of justice.[404]
    • Mueller's team interviews Alamanda Gribbin, a U.S. embassy control officer in Moscow who saw the document passed to Rohrabacher in April 2016.[19]:113[405]
    • Mueller's team interviews Stephen Miller for the first of two times.[34]:54, 64-66, 68


  • September 1: The GSA submits a flash drive to Mueller's team containing tens of thousands of communications by 13 senior members of Trump's transition team, including Kushner, from the official governmental Presidential Transition Team domain, "ptt.gov".[406][407]
  • September 6: Facebook admits selling advertisements to Russian companies seeking to reach U.S. voters.[408] Hundreds of accounts were reportedly tied to the Internet Research Agency.[409][410] Facebook pledges full cooperation with Mueller's investigation, and begins to provide details on purchases from Russia, including identities of the people involved.[411]
  • September 7:
    • Trump Jr. testifies to the Senate Judiciary Committee that he met with a group of Russians in Trump Tower in June 2016 in order to seek damaging information about Hillary Clinton, but that no such information was forthcoming.[412] His testimony conflicts with Cohen's November 2018 version of events regarding negotiations of a prospective Trump Tower in Moscow.[413]
    • Mueller's team interviews Gordon the third of four times.[19]:125, 127
  • September 8: Mueller names to the White House six current and former aides he expects to question in Russia probe: Hicks, Spicer, Priebus, McGahn, Josh Raffel of the Office of American Innovation, and James Burnham.[414]
  • September 9: Thousand of people participate in the "We Stand with DREAMers! Support DACA!" rally in New York City.[415] The rally was organized by the "Resisters" group on Facebook, one of the "bad actor" groups identified by Facebook in July 2018 as possibly belonging to the IRA.[379]
  • September 11: The Daily Beast reports that Russia used Facebook events to organize anti-immigrant rallies on U.S. soil.[416]
  • September 12:
  • September 13:
    • The United States bans use of Kaspersky Lab software in federal agencies amid concerns of Russian espionage.[419]
    • Flynn's son, Michael G. Flynn, is named as a subject of Mueller's investigation.[420]
    • CNN reports that the DoJ is preventing Senate investigators from interviewing two top FBI officials who could provide firsthand testimony about Comey's firing.[421]
    • Bloomberg reports that Mueller has a “red-hot” focus on Russia’s effort to influence U.S. voters on Facebook.[422]
    • The DoJ asks a company that supplies services to the US affiliate of Russia Today (RT) to register as a foreign agent.[423]
    • Facebook states that a 225,000-member anti-immigrant group that attempted to organize anti-Clinton rallies in Texas during the 2016 presidential campaign was "likely operated out of Russia".[424]
    • The Wall Street Journal reports that Flynn promoted a multi-billion-dollar Middle Eastern Russian-backed nuclear-plant project while working in the White House.[425]
  • September 14:
    • Page files suit against Yahoo and The Huffington Post, alleging defamation in a September 2016 news article about his connections to Russia.[426]
    • Mueller's team interviews James (Jim) Hoskins, a national security advisor to the Trump campaign.[19]:86[427]
  • September 15:
    • In response to a warrant, Facebook gives Mueller copies of advertisements and account information related to the Russian advertisement purchases beyond what it gave Congress in the previous week.[428][429]
    • According to The Wall Street Journal, Representative Dana Rohrabacher (CA-R) contacts the White House this week about brokering a deal that would end Assange’s legal troubles in exchange for evidence that Russia was not the source of hacked emails WikiLeaks published during the 2016 presidential campaign.[430]
    • Manafort's spokesman Jason Maloni testifies before Mueller's federal grand jury.[431]
    • Mueller's team interviews Yates for the second of two times.[34]:33
  • September 17: The Senate Intelligence Committee seeks further information about Russian links to Facebook as concerns rise about the role that social media networks played in the 2016 presidential election and Russian interference.[432]
  • September 18:
    • Mueller notifies Manafort that he is a target of the investigation and will be indicted.[433]
    • CNN reports that US investigators had been wiretapping Manafort under secret court orders before the election campaign, at least since 2014. The government surveillance continued into early 2017, including a period when Manafort was known to talk to Trump.[434]
    • Flynn launches his legal defense fund to raise money to cover his expected legal bills of over $1 million. The fund attracts attention because it is structured as a trust, which will allow it to keep its donors confidential. While the fund's website says no foreign donations will be accepted, its lack of disclosure requirements means there is no way for anyone to verify whether any foreign donations are ever received.[435]
  • September 19:
    • A private Senate Intelligence Committee interview with Michael Cohen is disbanded when it is learned that Cohen has shared his prepared statement with the media. Senators Burr and Warner condemn Cohen's action and announce that he will be recalled to testify publicly on October 25.[436][437]
    • Congressional investigators say Facebook is withholding information that may demonstrate the nature of Russian election interference.[438]
    • CNN reports that Mueller's Manafort investigation covers 11 years of activity.[439]
    • Reports emerge that Trump is using campaign and Republican National Committee (RNC) funds to pay legal bills from the Russia probe.[440]
    • During a Senate confirmation, Jon Huntsman, Trump’s pick for ambassador to Russia, says there is no doubt Moscow interfered in the 2016 U.S. election.[441]
    • CBS News independently confirms that the FISA warrant surveillance of Manafort occurred during the 2016 presidential campaign.[442]
    • Trump responds to a tweet from @10_gop, the "backup" account for the now-closed IRA account @TEN_GOP, saying, "THANK YOU for your support Miami! My team just shared photos from your TRUMP SIGN WAVING DAY, yesterday! I love you- and there is no question - TOGETHER, WE WILL MAKE AMERICA GREAT AGAIN!" The response is to an @10_gop tweet that simply reads "we love you Mr. President."[443][19]:34
    • Mueller's team interviews Sater for the first of two times.[19]:69
  • September 20:
    • Mueller seeks White House documents related to Trump’s actions as President, including records and emails concerning matters including Comey's dismissal and the warning that Flynn was under investigation.[444][445]
    • The Washington Post reports that less than two weeks before Trump accepted the Republican presidential nomination, Manafort offered to provide briefings to Russian billionaire Oleg Deripaska, who is close to Putin.[446]
    • The Daily Beast reports on emerging evidence that numerous pro-Trump and anti-Clinton Facebook and Twitter activist accounts, including "Being Patriotic" and "march_for_trump", were run by Russian propagandists.[447]
  • September 21: Facebook hands information on more than 3,000 Russia-linked advertisements to the Senate and House Intelligence Committees.[448]
  • September 22:
    • Trump and Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov issue separate denials that Russia purchased advertising space on Facebook.[449][450]
    • Mueller requests phone records about the Trump Jr. statement on the Veselnitskaya meeting that was reportedly prepared aboard Air Force One.[451]
    • The Department of Homeland Security notifies election officials in 21 states that hackers targeted their systems last year; of those, only Illinois reported a successful breach.[452]
    • Grassley asks the FBI whether it warned the Trump campaign in 2016 that Manafort was under federal surveillance while working for the campaign. Grassley compares the situation to the warning the McCain presidential campaign purportedly received in 2008.[453]
  • September 24: The Washington Post reports that then-President Obama warned Facebook chief executive Mark Zuckerberg over the potential electoral impact of fake news on Facebook, an idea Zuckerberg had dismissed as “crazy”.[454]
  • September 25:
    • The Washington Post reports that "Russian operatives used Facebook ads to exploit divisions over black political activism and Muslims."[455]
    • Mueller's team interviews Miss Universe Organization head Paula Shugart.[19]:111[456]
Transcript of Roger Stone's interview by the House Intelligence Committee.
  • September 26:
    • Stone speaks to a closed session of the House Intelligence Committee. He denies all allegations of collusion between Russia and the Trump campaign and describes the inquiry as politically motivated.[457]
    • CNN reports that the IRS is sharing information with Mueller.[458]
    • Politico reports that approximately $150,000 worth of Russian-funded Facebook advertisements promoted candidates Trump, Sanders and Stein.[459]
    • Senator Richard Blumenthal tells Politico that criminal charges against Flynn and Manafort are virtually certain.[460]
    • ABC News reports Mueller is investigating the timing of $2 million in political contributions from Leonard Blavatnik, Simon Kukes, and Andrew Intrater to funds controlled by Trump. All three are associates of Russian oligarch Viktor Vekselberg. Balavatnik is also an associate of Oleg Deripaska.[461]
    • The Trump inaugural committee pledges to donate $3 million to the American Red Cross, Samaritan's Purse, and the Salvation Army to help with hurricane relief.[462] In January 2018, the committee refuses to say whether it actually donated the money.[463]
    • Mueller's team interviews McCabe for the second of two times.[34]:67, 69-70
  • September 27:
    • Senator Mark Warner's office states that Reddit is of interest to the investigation.[464][465]
    • CNN reports that one of the Facebook campaign-time ads bought by Russians referenced Black Lives Matter and was targeted to reach audiences in Ferguson, Missouri and Baltimore.[466]
    • Facebook says it took down "tens of thousands" of fake accounts created by Russians before the German election.[467][468]
    • The Senate Intelligence Committee invites Facebook, Twitter and Google parent company Alphabet to testify.[469]
    • Zuckerberg says he regrets having dismissed election concerns,[470] among reports of his lack of sensitivity to warnings of Russian trolls.[471]
    • The Daily Beast reports that Russians impersonated American Muslims to create chaos on Facebook and Instagram.[174]
    • BuzzFeed files a motion to compel depositions from James Comey and James Clapper to aid in their defense against the libel suit filed by Aleksej Gubarev. BuzzFeed is seeking information on how seriously the government treated the Steele dossier.[472]
  • September 28:


  • October 1
    • Facebook announces that it will send Congress thousands of ads bought by Russian operatives.[477]
    • First CAATSA deadline missed.[478]
  • October 2:
    • The Washington Post reports that Russian Facebook ads showed a black woman firing a rifle, amid efforts to stoke racial strife.[479]
    • The Washington Post reports that the Russians used similar methods to corporate America by using a Facebook tool to ID and influence voters.[480]
    • Facebook announces 10 million Americans saw advertisements purchased by Russian intelligence officers in the 2016 election influence campaign.[481]
  • October 3:
    • CNN reports Russian-linked Facebook ads targeted Michigan and Wisconsin.[482]
    • The Washington Post reports that the Senate Intelligence Committee is expected to largely endorse intel report on Russian meddling and sound the alarm about next election.[483]
    • Mueller's team interviews Clovis.[19]:82, 127
  • October 4:
    • Mikhail Fridman, Petr Aven, and German Khan file a libel suit against Fusion GPS and Glenn Simpson in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. They allege Simpson and Fusion GPS recklessly distributed the Steele dossier to the media and damaged their reputations when "defamatory statements" about them in the dossier were published. All three are owners of Alfa-Bank.[484]
    • Senator Burr announces the Senate Intelligence Committee will not release the Russian social media ads in their possession and calls on Facebook and Twitter to release the ads themselves.[485]
  • October 5:
    George Papadopoulos statement of the offense
    • Papadopoulos pleads guilty to giving false testimony to the FBI about meetings he had with Mifsud in March 2016.[348] A court transcript of the secret plea hearing shows that federal prosecutors described the Papadopoulos case as just a "small part" of Mueller's investigation.[486] Those documents "represent the first concrete evidence that ... Trump was personally told about ties between a campaign adviser and Russian officials."[487] In the statement of the offense, Sam Clovis as the "Campaign Supervisor",[488] Corey Lewandowski as "High-Ranking Campaign Official",[488] Paul Manafort as "another high-ranking campaign official",[488] Rick Gates as "another campaign official",[488] Walid Phares as "Another Foreign Policy Advisor",[488] Joseph Mifsud as "The Professor",[488] Ivan Timofeev as "Russian MFA Connection",[489] Olga Vinogradova as "Female Russian National",[490] and Steve Bannon as "Senior Policy Advisor".[491]
    • CNN reports that Mueller's investigators met with Steele.[492]
    • Mueller subpoenas Papadopoulos's girlfriend, Simona Mangiante.[493]
  • October 5: The Daily Beast reports that staffers for the Senate Judiciary Committee say the committee is not investigating Russian meddling, despite press releases from committee chairman Chuck Grassley implying such an investigation is under way.[494]
  • October 9:
    • The Washington Post reports that Google uncovered Russian-bought ads on YouTube, Gmail and other Alphabet-owned platforms aimed at influencing the 2016 presidential election.[495]
    • The Washington Post and ABC News report on correspondence indicating that Veselnitskaya's intended topic for her June 2016 meeting at Trump Tower was the Magnitsky Act.[496]
    • The Daily Beast reports that Russia recruited YouTubers to publicly criticize Clinton.[497]
    • The Wall Street Journal reports that Facebook removed mention of Russia from an April report on election influence.[498]
    • Recode reports that Microsoft is reviewing its records for signs of Russian interference during the election.[499]
  • October 10:
  • October 11: The Daily Beast reports that the House Intelligence Committee is looking at Cambridge Analytica's work for the Trump campaign as part of its investigation. The company is in the process of turning over documents to the committee.[505]
  • October 12: Senators John McCain (R-AZ) and Ben Cardin (D-MD) state that, despite an October 1 deadline, the White House has still not acted to identify Kremlin-linked targets for sanctions under CAATSA.[506]
  • October 13:
    • Mueller's investigators interview Trump's former Chief of Staff Reince Priebus for the entire day.[507][34]:23-24, 29, 32-33, 35, 37, 39-40, 44-45, 59, 64-66, 68-69, 80 He is interviewd an additional two times in 2018.[34]
    • Politico reports that Twitter deleted data potentially crucial to Russia probes.[508]
    • Facebook takes down data and thousands of posts, obscuring the reach of Russian disinformation.[509]
    • NBC News reports on the transfer of $26 million from Oleg Deripaska's firm, Oguster Management Ltd, to Yiakora Ventures Ltd, a company linked to Manafort.[510]
    • VTB Bank Chairman Andrey L. Kostin describes as "fake news" all purported connection between Felix Sater and plans for a Trump Tower in Moscow.[511][512]
    • The Guardian reports that Barbara Leeden, a longtime staffer for Senator Chuck Grassley on the Senate Judiciary Committee and wife of close Flynn associate and Iran–Contra affair figure Michael Leeden, conducted an independent search for Clinton's missing emails beginning in December 2015. Grassley's spokesperson distances the senator from Leeden and tells The Guardian that Leeden is not part of the Judiciary Committee's investigation team.[513]
  • Mid October: Mueller issues a first subpoena to the Trump campaign, which is voluntarily cooperating with his inquiry.[514]
  • October 16: Speaking to reporters at the White House, Trump rejects the suggestion that he intends to dismiss Mueller.[515]
  • October 17:
    • The Senate Intelligence Committee subpoenas Page.[516]
    • Business Insider reports that Mueller has interviewed former GCHQ security specialist Matt Tait, who says he was "recruited to collude with the Russians" as part of Peter W. Smith's effort to locate Clinton's missing State Department emails.[287]
    • The Guardian reports that Russian trolls posing as Americans paid US activists to help fund protests during the 2016 election.[517]
    • Mueller's team interviews Spicer for much of the day.[518][34]:23, 35, 69-71
    • U.S. District Court Judge Ellen Huvelle tosses out Deripaska's libel suit against the Associated Press (AP). Huvelle rules Deripaska failed to show the AP knowingly misstated facts when it omitted some information about him from a story. Huvelle also denies a motion by the AP to recover its attorney costs. The suit was over an AP story about Deripaska's business dealings with Manafort. Both the AP and Deripaska file appeals for the two rulings.[519][520]
  • October 18:
    • Fusion GPS partners Peter Fritsch and Thomas Catán appear before the House Intelligence Committee and invoke their Fifth Amendment rights against self-incrimination. Fritsch and Catán had both informed the committee when they received their subpoenas that they planned to invoke their Fifth Amendment rights and not testify. Regardless, Nunes took the unusual move of forcing them to appear even though the standard practice is to forego a hearing when witnesses indicate in advance that they will refuse to testify. The subpoena itself was also unusual in that it was signed only by Nunes. It is unclear whether other committee Republicans agreed to or knew of the subpoena being issued, and committee Democrats first learned of the subpoena from media reports.[521]
    • Deutsche Bank receives a subpoena issued unilaterally by Nunes for all of Fusion GPS's bank records dating back to 2015.[521]
    • Mueller's team interviews Spicer for the second of two days.[34]:23
  • October 19:
    • The Daily Beast reports that Conway, Trump Jr. and Parscale pushed messages from an account operated from Russia’s "troll farm", including allegations of voter fraud a week before Election Day.[391][522]
    • Trump asks whether Russia, the FBI, or Democrats paid for the Steele dossier.[523]
    • Senators Mark Warner and Amy Klobuchar introduce the Honest Ads Act, which would require digital platforms such as Facebook and Google to publicly archive advertisements with election content. McCain co-sponsors the legislation.[524]
    • U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley says that Russian online interference in American elections is “warfare” and spreading misinformation is the country’s “new weapon of choice.”[525]
    • According to The Washington Post, Pompeo "distorts intelligence community’s findings on Russian interference".[526]
  • October 20:
    • The Guardian reports that Russian billionaire Dmitry Rybolovlev, who bought Florida property from Trump in 2008, is under investigation in Monaco for breach of privacy related to his art dealings.[527]
    • CNN reports that Senate investigators spoke with Russians present at the June 2016 meeting with Trump Jr.[528]
    • Fusion GPS files suit in federal court in an attempt to block a subpoena issued unilaterally by Nunes for the firm's bank records.[521]
  • October 21: In an interview with New York Times columnist Maureen Dowd, former President Jimmy Carter says, “I don't think there's any evidence that what the Russians did changed enough votes, or any votes."[529][530]
  • October 23:
    • NBC News reports that Tony Podesta and the Podesta Group are now subjects in Mueller‘s investigation.[531]
    • Kaspersky Lab, the Moscow-based cybersecurity firm whose software U.S. officials suspect helped the Russian government spy on Americans, promises to make its source code available for an independent review.[532]
    • The Daily Beast reports that Greenfloid LLC, a tiny web hosting company registered to Sergey Kashyrin and two others, hosted IRA propaganda websites DoNotShoot.Us, BlackMattersUS.com and others on servers in a Staten Island neighborhood. Greenfloid is listed as the North American subsidiary of ITL, a hosting company based in Kharkiv, Ukraine, registered to Dmitry Deineka. Deineka gave conflicting answers when questioned by The Daily Beast about the IRA websites.[533]
  • October 24:
    • Fusion GPS asks a federal judge in Washington for a restraining order to block the House Intelligence Committee from obtaining the firm's bank records, arguing that turning over the records would violate the First Amendment and poses an "existential threat" to the company.[534]
    • Twitter plans to make political ads more transparent amid Russia revelations.[535]
    • The Washington Post reports that the Clinton campaign and DNC were among the parties who paid for research that led to the Steele dossier.[536]
    • Brad Pascale and Cohen testify back-to-back before the House Intelligence Committee.[537]
  • October 25:
    • The head of Cambridge Analytica says he asked Assange for help finding Clinton’s 33,000 deleted emails.[538] Assange confirms the request and says he rejected the offer.[539]
    • Feinstein and Grassley break ways in the Russia investigation.[540]
    • Kaspersky Lab discloses that its software has uncovered secret code from the Equation Group on an NSA analyst's home computer.[541]
    • Cohen appears before the Senate Intelligence Committee. In 2018, Cohen pleads guilty to perjury for lies he tells the committee.[398]
    • Mueller's team interviews Trump campaign staffer Matt Miller.[19]:126
  • October 26:
    • Twitter says it will no longer accept advertising from accounts owned by Russian-backed news outlets RT and Sputnik.[542][543][544] Twitter vows to give away the $1.9 million already earned from them.[545]
    • RT reports that Twitter pushed RT for a large ad buy for the 2016 US election, but the channel declined the offer.[546]
    • House Speaker Paul Ryan says that the FBI plans to hand over documents related to the Trump dossier.[547]
  • October 27:
    • Feinstein sends five letters to key players, including one asking Facebook and Twitter for copies of advertising that Russian buyers aimed at the U.S.[548]
    • The New York Times reports that The Washington Free Beacon, a conservative website funded by a major Republican donor, initially retained Fusion GPS to conduct opposition research on Trump.[549]
    • Mueller's team interviews former CIA Director James Woolsey about Flynn.[550]
    • The ODNI states that the dossier itself played no role in the coordinated intelligence assessment that Russia interfered in the U.S. election.[551]
    • A federal grand jury in Washington, DC approves the first charges in Mueller‘s investigation.[552][553][554][555]
  • October 28: Reports further clarify that the charges returned by the grand jury under seal are "related to meddling in the US presidential election."[556]
  • October 29: Mueller seizes three of Manafort's bank accounts.[557]
  • October 30:
    • Manafort and Gates surrender themselves to the FBI after both are indicted on 12 federal charges brought by Mueller, including conspiracy against the United States and money laundering.[558][559][560][561] Appearing in court a few hours later, Manafort and Gates plead not guilty.[562] Manafort is released to home confinement on a $10,000,000 bond, the terms of which will change on November 30. Gates is released to home confinement on a $5,000,000 bond. They are required to surrender all passports and submit to in-home monitoring.[563]
    • Mueller announces that Papadopoulos has pleaded guilty to making false testimony to the FBI.[564] According to unsealed court documents, Papadopoulos met a Kremlin-linked professor, later identified by The Daily Telegraph as Joseph Mifsud of the University of Stirling's politics department.[565] Mifsud told Papadopoulos that Moscow had damaging information on Clinton in the form of “thousands of emails”.[566][567][568][569]
    • A lawyer for Trump campaign co-chairman Sam Clovis states that Clovis was "being polite", following reports that he encouraged Papadopoulos to meet with Russian officials.[570][571]
    • New disclosures provided to Congress by digital social media companies indicate that during the campaign Russian agents placed 1,000 videos on YouTube, 131,000 messages on Twitter, and, via 170 accounts,120,000 posts on Instagram.[572] 80,000 Russia-linked posts on Facebook were viewed by up to 126 million people.[573]
    • Mifsud tells The Daily Beast that he isn't the professor mentioned in Papadopoulos's statement of the facts, and that he doesn't know anyone in the Russian government.[574]
  • October 31:
    • Trump calls Papadopoulos a "low-level" advisor and a "liar".[575]
    • The Kremlin dismisses as “baseless” and “ludicrous” the notion that charges leveled by Mueller against three former Trump campaign officials constitute possible meddling by Russia in U.S. political affairs.[576]
    • The Ukrainian government says it warned Facebook and U.S. officials years ago that Russia was conducting disinformation campaigns on its platform.[577]
    • Politico reports that Sam Clovis, President Trump’s nominee to be the Agriculture Department’s chief scientist, has been “a fully cooperative witness” in the Senate Intelligence Committee’s investigation of Russian interference.[578]
    • Sarah Huckabee Sanders says that Mueller’s probe brought down Papadopoulos only thanks to White House cooperation.[579]
    • Facebook reports to Congress that the Russians succeeded in organizing a "Miners for Trump" rally.[580]


  • November:
    • Mueller's prosecutors interview Kushner.[581]
    • The private equity firm Apollo Global Management gives Jared Kushner a $185 million loan. The loan is considered suspicious because Apollo's founder, Joshua Harris, met several times with Kushner at the White House to discuss, among other things, a possible job in the administration. Also, the largest investor in Apollo's real estate trust, the Apollo-controlled entity that made the loan, is the Qatari government's Qatar Investment Authority. Kushner's company had previously tried to get a $500 million loan from the head of Qatar Investment Authority.[111] The SEC drops an ongoing inquiry into Apollo in December.[582]
    • Mueller's team obtains search warrants for two additional Cohen email accounts.[320]
  • November 1:
    • The House Intelligence Committee releases a small sample of the ads a Russian troll farm purchased on Facebook during and after the U.S. presidential election.[583]
    • Twitter tells the Senate Intelligence Committee that it has found 2,752 IRA accounts and 36,746 Russia-linked bot accounts involved in election-related retweets.[473]
    • Mueller's team interviews Jared Kushner for the first of two times.[19]:160, 168
Transcript of Carter Page's testimony before the House Intelligence Committee on November 2, 2017.
  • November 2:
    • Page testifies to the House Intelligence Committee for seven hours. He confirms that he met Russian government officials during his July 2016 trip to Moscow,[584] and contradicts Attorney General Sessions's testimony to the Senate in July that he did not know that Page had traveled to Russia during the campaign.[585] Page also tells the Committee that he had briefed Hicks, Gordon and Lewandowski about the trip.[586] Page invokes his Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination when asked by Committee members why he withheld documents requested by the committee.[587]
    • The Wall Street Journal reports that the DoJ has identified more than six Russian government officials involved in hacking the DNC's servers, and were considering bringing charges against them.[588]
    • Kushner's team turns over documents to Mueller.[589]
  • November 3: Mueller's team interviews Burnham.[34]:31, 33, 55, 69
  • November 5:
    • NBC News reports that federal investigators have gathered enough evidence to bring charges in their investigation of Flynn and his son.[590]
    • Ryan vows that Congress shall not interfere with Mueller's investigations.[591]
    • The New York Times reports that Wilbur Ross, after becoming Commerce Secretary, did not disclose his retained investments in a shipping firm he once controlled that has significant business ties to a Russian oligarch subject to American sanctions and Putin’s son-in-law, Kirill Shamalov.[592][593][594][595][596]
  • November 6:
    • An analysis of Twitter data shows Kremlin-backed online support for Trump began immediately after he started his campaign.[597]
    • Veselnitskaya says that Trump Jr. indicated that a law targeting Russia could be reexamined if his father won the election, and asked her for written evidence that illegal proceeds went to Clinton’s campaign.[598]
    • BuzzFeed subpoenas the DNC for information related to the DNC hack as part of its efforts to defend itself against an ongoing libel suit connected to its publication of the Steele dossier.[599]
    • Ross says there is “nothing whatsoever improper” about the relationship between an international shipping company he holds significant investments in and a Russian energy company whose owners include a Putin family member and an oligarch, Gennady Timchenko, subject to U.S. sanctions.[600]
    • Politico reports Wendy Teramoto served as a part-time adviser to Ross while maintaining her board seat at the energy shipping company, Navigator, with a Kremlin-linked client.[601]
    • Mueller's team interviews Annie Donaldson for the first time.[34]:49–55, 68–70, 73
  • November 7:
    • Corey Lewandowski says that his "memory has been refreshed" of his email exchange with Page in which Page requested his permission to travel to Moscow.[602]
    • The House Intelligence Committee privately interviews Keith Schiller, Trump's longtime bodyguard and, until September 20, his Oval Office Operations director. Schiller testifies that he believes Russians offered to send five women to Trump's hotel room during their 2013 trip to Moscow for the Miss Universe pageant, but that he did not think Trump met with the women.[603][604] "One source noted that Schiller testified he eventually left Trump's hotel room door and could not say for sure what happened during the remainder of the night."[605]
  • November 8:
    • The Intercept reports that Pompeo met in late October with discredited former U.S. intelligence official William Binney, who has become an advocate for a disputed theory that the theft of the DNC emails was an inside job rather than a hack by Russian intelligence.[606]
    • Simpson agrees to be interviewed by the House Intelligence Committee.[607]
    • Congressional investigators have interviewed former Trump aides about the campaign’s push to remove proposed language calling for giving weapons to Ukraine.[608]
    • Senate Democrats have been privately investigating Russia’s Europe meddling without Republican help.[609]
  • November 10:
    • As reported in The Washington Post, Kathleen Hall Jamieson determines, through her analysis, Russians could plausibly have affected the outcome of the 2016 election.[610]
    • Russia plans new measures to restrict U.S. media working in Russia after RT said it was pressured into registering as a foreign agent in America.[611][612]
    • NBC News reports that Mueller's investigators are questioning witnesses about an alleged September 20, 2016, meeting between Flynn and Dana Rohrabacher, a staunch advocate of pro-Russia policies.[613]
    • CNN reports that Mifsud has been missing for a week since he was last seen at his residence at Link Campus University in Rome.[614] His whereabouts remain unknown until October 1, 2019.[615]
  • November 11: Despite the unified assessment of the U.S. intelligence community, Trump says he took Putin at his word when Putin again denied directing an election influence campaign.[616][617] Trump later says he sides with the U.S. intelligence agencies.[618] Brennan and Clapper comment that Trump is being "played" by Putin, and accuse him of being "susceptible to foreign leaders who stroke his ego."[619]
  • November 12:
    • British spymasters fear that Kaspersky Lab anti-virus software given away for free by Barclays to more than 2,000,000 customers may be an intelligence-gathering tool for the Russian government.[620]
    • Lawyers for Alexsej Gubarev, who owns the Dallas-based web hosting firm Webzilla, are seeking to force Steele to provide testimony in Gubarev's case against BuzzFeed and its editor, Ben Smith.[621]
  • November 13:
    • RT registers with the DoJ as a foreign agent under FARA.[622]
    • The Atlantic reports that WikiLeaks asked Trump Jr. for his cooperation in sharing its work, in contesting the results of the election, and in arranging for Assange to be Australia’s ambassador to the United States. The Atlantic also reports that Trump Jr. contemporaneously informed Bannon, Conway, Parscale and Kushner that he was in touch with WikiLeaks, and that Kushner informed Hicks.[623][624][625] Pence denies any knowledge of WikiLeaks contacts.[626]
    • Mueller's team interviews van der Zwaan.[19]:134
November 14, 2017 – House Intelligence Committee Transcript by Glenn R. Simpson
  • November 14:
    • Simpson speaks for six hours with the House Intelligence Committee. He states that his research suggests that Trump was involved with Italian mafia figures early in his career and became associated with the Russian mafia in the 1990s.[627][628] He describes evidence of Russian criminals buying Trump properties. He refers to a number of deaths and arrests following the publication of the Steele dossier.[629] Simpson also asserts that Nigel Farage may have given Assange data on a flash drive at the Ecuadorian Embassy in London.[630] The testimony transcript will be released on January 18, 2018.
    • Buzzfeed reports that the FBI is scrutinizing more than 60 money transfers from the Russian foreign ministry to its embassies across the globe. Most of the transactions, which moved through Citibank accounts and totaled more than $380,000, contained a memo line reading "to finance election campaign of 2016".[631]
    • The New York Times reports that Rex Tillerson hired a Russian company with a KGB link to Putin to guard the United States Embassy in Moscow.[632][633][634]
    • Mueller's team interviews Akhmetshin.[19]:118
  • November 15:
    • The Russian Parliament votes unanimously for a new law about media “foreign agents”, in retaliation for being forced to register RT as a propaganda outlet.[635]
    • Steele says he believes his dossier is "70–90% accurate" and that his FBI contacts greeted his intelligence report with "shock and horror".[636]
    • Mueller's team interviews Comey.[34]:22, 26–28, 33–35, 40–41, 49, 52–53, 58, 72

  • November 16:
    • The Washington Post reports that Kushner received and forwarded emails about WikiLeaks and a “Russian backdoor overture and dinner invite” that he kept from Senate Judiciary Committee investigators.[637]
    • The Wall Street Journal reports that Mueller subpoenaed Trump campaign officials for Russia-related documents.[638]
    • Guardian Faber publishes Luke Harding's Collusion: How Russia Helped Trump Win the White House, which details a network of connections originating in the 1980s between Trump and the Kremlin.[639]
    • Mueller's team interviews Flynn for the first of 11 times through May 4, 2018.[19]:145, 168–169[34]:24
    • Mueller's team interviews Kaveladze.[19]:67, 111, 114, 117, 120
  • November 17:
    • CNN reports that Kushner told congressional Russia investigators in July that he did not communicate with WikiLeaks, and did not recall anyone on the Trump campaign who had.[640]
    • Congressional aides say they may have answers on the pro-Russia GOP platform change.[641]
    • The Wall Street Journal reports that the U.S. Department of Defense, and more specifically the Flynn-run Defense Intelligence Agency, flagged Kaspersky Lab as a potential threat as early as 2004.[642]
    • Politico reports that Papadopoulos claimed in a Greek newspaper last year that Trump telephoned him to discuss his new position as a foreign policy adviser to his presidential campaign, and that the two had at least one personal introductory meeting that the White House has not acknowledged.[643]
    • Mueller's team interviews Flynn for the second of 11 times.[19]:168–172[34]:25–26, 29, 37–38
  • November 20: Mueller's team interviews Flynn for the third of 11 times.[19]:149, 170, 172[34]:25, 29
  • November 21:
    • The Wall Street Journal reports that Mueller’s investigators are asking questions about Kushner’s interactions with foreign leaders during the presidential transition, including his involvement in a dispute at the United Nations in December.[644]
    • The New York Times reports that Rohrabacher has come under Mueller's and the Senate Intelligence Committee's scrutiny in recent months for his "close ties to the Kremlin".[645]
    • Mueller's team interviews White House Office of Legal Counsel attorney Uttman Dhillon.[34]:33, 54, 59, 65–70, 73
    • Mueller's team interviews Flynn for the fourth of 11 times.[19]:172[34]:29, 36

  • November 22:
    • Trump attorney John M. Dowd leaves a voicemail for Flynn's lawyer Rob Kelner discouraging Flynn from cooperating.[646][647][648][34]:121–122
    • Mueller's team interviews security expert Eric York for the third of three times.[19]:63
    • Mueller's team interviews McFarland the second of three times.[19]:169
  • November 23: It is reported that Flynn's lawyers have notified Trump’s legal team in recent days that they will no longer discuss Mueller’s investigation.[649][650][651]
  • November 27: The House Intelligence Committee subpoenas Randy Credico, a longtime associate of Stone.[652] Credico replies by asserting his right to remain silent.[653]
  • Late November:
    • Maria Butina and Paul Erickson attend a post-Thanksgiving barbecue at Representative Mark Sanford's family farm in South Carolina.[654]
    • Adam Waldman visits Assange twice.[50]
  • November 28: Mueller's team interviews Dearborn for the first time.[19]:126
  • November 29:
    • Mueller's team interviews Eisenberg.[34]:32–33, 36–37, 65–66, 69
    • Mueller's team interviews Flynn for the fifth of 11 times.[19]:62, 64
Transcript of Erik Prince's testimony to the House Intelligence Committee
  • November 30:
    • Sessions testifies at a private meeting of the House Intelligence Committee. According to Schiff, Sessions refuses to say whether Trump asked him to hinder the Russia investigation.[655][656]
    • The New York Times reports that Trump pressed Republicans Roy Blunt (R-MO), Richard Burr (R-NC), and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY) to end the Senate's Russia inquiry.[657]
    • Stone confirms that his intermediary with Assange during the election was radio host Randy Credico.[658]
    • Prince testifies before a closed-door hearing of the House Intelligence Committee. Afterwards, he demands an apology from Schiff for "wasting all of our time, for wasting millions of taxpayer dollars on a meaningless fishing expedition."[659]
    • Mueller's team interviews McGahn for the first of six times.[34]:31-33, 37, 49-50, 59


  • December:
    • The SEC drops an inquiry into how Apollo Global Management reported financial results. The inquiry had been ongoing since the Obama administration. This is considered suspicious because it comes one month after Apollo gave Jared Kushner a $185 million loan, and months after Apollo's founder, Joshua Harris, met with Kushner to discuss a possible job in the administration.[111][582]
    • Butina declines a request to testify before the Senate Judiciary Committee because of lack of support from Republican members.[375]
  • Early December: Trump becomes furious about news reports that Mueller has issued subpoenas to Deutsche Bank for records related to Trump, telling advisers he wants Mueller's investigation shut down. Trump backs off after Mueller's office tells his lawyers the reports are erroneous.[660]
  • December 1
    Flynn statement of offense
    • Flynn pleads guilty in federal court to giving false testimony to the FBI about his contacts with Kislyak.[37] As part of Flynn’s negotiations, his son, Michael G. Flynn, is not expected to be charged.[661][662] In the statement of the offense, K.T. McFarland is identified as "PTT official",[663] and Sergey Kislyak as "Russian Ambassador".[37]
    • Bloomberg reporter Eli Lake speculates in an opinion piece that Kushner is the person mentioned in Flynn's plea documents who is said to have ordered Flynn to contact Russia.[664]
    • ABC News reports Flynn is prepared to testify that Trump directed him to make contact with the Russians, in the context of plans to defeat ISIS.[665]
    • ABC News suspends news correspondent Brian Ross for 4 weeks for wrongly reporting that it was candidate Trump rather than President-elect Trump who had directed Flynn to contact the Russian government.[666]
    • Trump's lawyer Ty Cobb says that Flynn's plea "clears the way for a prompt and reasonable conclusion" to the Russia investigation.[667]
  • December 2:
    • The New York Times reports that even as the White House portrayed Flynn as a renegade who had acted independently in his discussions with a Russian official, emails among top transition officials provided or described suggest otherwise.[31]
    • Trump admits to knowing that Flynn lied to the FBI in his tweet: “I had to fire General Flynn because he lied to the Vice President and the FBI."[668][669]
  • December 3:
    • Feinstein says on Meet the Press that her group is "putting together of a case of obstruction of justice" against Trump.[670]
    • Trump's personal lawyer, John M. Dowd, says that he wrote the December 2 tweet on the @realDonaldTrump Twitter account about Flynn's firing.[671] Dowd also says Trump knew in January 2017 that Flynn had likely lied to the FBI.[672]
    • Trump calls the FBI a biased institution whose reputation for fairness is “in tatters”.[673]
  • December 4:
    • Trump says he “feels badly” for Flynn, and claims that Clinton “lied many times” to the agency without consequences.[674]
    • An email sent during the transition by Trump’s former deputy national security adviser, K. T. McFarland, appears to contradict the testimony she gave to Congress over the summer. The email shows McFarland knew about Flynn's December 29, 2016, call with Kislyak, while her written testimony says she had no knowledge of it at the time.[675]
    • Prosecutors say that Manafort worked on an op-ed with Ukrainian journalist Oleg Voloshyn,[676] an associate with ties to Russian intelligence, while out on bail; a court filing requests that the judge revoke Manafort's bond agreement.[677][678]
    • Mueller's team interviews Denman for a second and final time.[19]:125–127
  • December 5:
    • Reports indicate that Mueller has subpoenaed Deutsche Bank for data on accounts held by Trump and his family,[679][680] prompting denials by Trump's lawyers Jay Sekulow and John Dowd.[681][680] Subsequent reports on December 6 indicate that only information on Trump's associates has been subpoenaed.[682]
    • Cambridge Analytica's Alexander Nix and Trump's longtime assistant Rhona Graff are scheduled to be interviewed by the House Intelligence Committee about the connections between Trump and the Kremlin.[683]
    • Democrats place a hold on McFarland's nomination as ambassador to Singapore until she answers their questions about her knowledge of communications between Flynn and Kislyak.[684]
    • Deripaska and the Associated Press (AP) agree to drop their appeals of rulings in Deripaska's libel suit against the AP. In October, Judge Ellen Huvelle dismissed the suit and denied the AP's request to recover attorney's fees.[520]
  • December 6:
    • An unnamed "whistleblower" claims that Flynn told a former business associate that economic sanctions against Russia would be “ripped up” as one of the Trump administration’s first acts.[16]
    • Trump Jr. testifies to the House Intelligence Committee in private. He refuses to answer questions about conversations with his father, based on attorney-client privilege.[685] Trump Jr. says he communicated with Hicks, not his father, about the response to his Veselnitskaya meeting.[686]
    • New Jersey Governor Chris Christie says he was ousted as head of Trump’s transition team due in part to his opposition to hiring Flynn as National Security Adviser.[687]
    • Rosenstein confirms that he is satisfied thus far with Mueller's work.[688]
    • The U.S. House of Representatives dismisses Al Green's resolution to impeach Trump, with 58 members requesting a vote and 364 refusing it.[689]

  • December 7:
    • Mueller's team interviews White House Communications Director Hope Hicks over two days.[690][19]:115, 145[34]:21, 32, 44, 51, 59, 71, 79, 94, 100–103 She is interviewed again on March 13, 2018.[34]:23, 94, 99-104, 108, 114–115, 123
    • During testimony to Congress, Director Christopher A. Wray defends the FBI from Trump's criticism of December 3.[691]
    • The House Ethics Committee clears Nunes of misconduct in relation to the matter of his proximity to the White House and accusations that he inappropriately disclosed classified information.[692][693] It is unclear how thorough the ethics investigation was since the Ethics Committee relied upon outside intelligence experts to review the material instead of comparing the material to Nunes's public statements themselves.[694]
  • December 8: Representative Matt Gaetz discusses Mueller's investigation with Trump aboard Air Force One en route to Florida. Representative Ron DeSantis is also aboard.[695]
  • December 12:
    • Trump's lawyers call for an investigation into the FBI's and the DoJ's alleged conflicts of interest associated with the work of Fusion GPS on the Steele dossier.[696]
    • The DoJ shows journalists private text messages between Peter Strzok and Lisa Page exhibiting anti-Trump and pro-Clinton sentiments.[697][354][698]
    • Mueller's team interviews Thomas Barrack.[19]:134
    • Mueller's team interviews McGahn for the second of six times.[34]:35, 50-55, 59-60, 62, 65-71, 73
  • December 13:
    • At a House Judiciary Committee hearing, Rosenstein states that he has seen no cause to dismiss Mueller, and confirms that Mueller is working within the boundaries of his brief. Rosenstein further states that Strzok's dismissal was appropriate and timely, and he contradicts Trump's claim that Mueller's investigation is a "witch hunt".[698]
    • Trump Jr. meets with the US Senate Intelligence Committee.[699]
    • Mueller's team interviews Akhmetshin associate Ed Lieberman.[19]:116[700]
  • December 14:
    • The Wall Street Journal reports on the interview of Cambridge Analytica chief executive Alexander Nix by the House Intelligence Committee, stating that Mueller requested documents from the firm before or during October 2017.[701][702] In undercover videos released by the British Channel 4 in March, Nix described his testimony. According to Nix, the Republicans on the committee asked only three questions and that portion of the interview lasted only five minutes, while the Democrats asked questions for two hours.[703] This description of the nature of the testimony was confirmed by Adam Schiff, who said "my (Republican) colleagues had a habit of asking three questions: Did you conspire, did you collude, did you coordinate with Russians? And if the answer was no, they were pretty much done". Schiff also said the Republicans rejected requests that Nix be brought back before the committee.[704]
    • At his annual news conference, Putin describes allegations of election interference as invented by Trump's political opponents, and states that contacts between Trump's associates and Russian officials before the election were appropriate.[705]
    • The Washington Post reports in detail on Trump's associates' efforts to avoid the subject of Russia, to preclude Trump's "rages".[706]
    • In the second of two interviews, Stephen Miller tells Mueller's team that he does not remember Clovis or Papadopoulos telling him that Russia had dirt on Clinton or possessed copies of her emails.[19]:93
    • Mueller's team interviews McGahn for the third of six times.[34]:44, 52, 78-81, 85, 87-88, 95-96, 108, 123
  • December 15:
    • Answering questions from reporters, Trump reiterates his description of Russian collusion as a "hoax" and declines to comment on a possible pardon of Flynn.[707] Trump declares that his own innocence is now "proven".[708]
    • Inspector General Michael E. Horowitz states that he did not authorize the release to the press of the Strzok/Page text messages.[709]
    • The Washington Post reports that Strzok and Page were using the text messages as a cover story for an extramarital affair between them.[710]
    • Mueller's team interviews Sater for the second of two times.[19]:72, 77
  • December 16:
    • Kory Langhofer, a lawyer for Trump for America, sends Congress a letter alleging that Mueller's acquisition, via the GSA, of tens of thousands of emails sent and received by 13 senior Trump transition team members is unlawful. The communications derive from the official Presidential Transition Team domain, ptt.gov.[406][711][712]
    • Trump escalates his criticism of the FBI over its Russia investigation, saying, "It's a shame what's happened with the FBI ... It's a very sad thing to watch."[713]
  • December 17:
    • Responding to Langhofer's accusation of December 16, GSA Deputy Counsel Lenny Loewentritt states that Trump's transition team was explicitly advised that all material passing through government equipment would be subject to monitoring and would not be held back from law enforcement officers.[714][715]
    • Mueller's spokesman Peter Carr rejects Langhofer's claims, stating that the Trump transition emails were acquired appropriately through the criminal investigation process.[712]
    • White House Director of Legislative Affairs Marc Short states there has been "no conversation" in the White House concerning any potential dismissal of Mueller.[716] Trump shortly thereafter confirms that he is not considering dismissing Mueller.[717]
  • December 18:
    • NBC News reports that the FBI warned Trump after his nomination at the 2016 RNC on July 19, 2016, that foreign adversaries, including Russia, would probably try to spy on and infiltrate his campaign.[718]
    • The Washington Post reports that the Senate Intelligence Committee is looking at Jill Stein's presidential campaign for potential “collusion with the Russians.”[719]
    • The House Intelligence Committee interviews Rob Goldstone and Debbie Wasserman Schultz.[720]
  • December 19:
    • FBI Deputy Director Andrew McCabe testifies in private to the House Intelligence Committee about Russian election interference.[721]
    • Gizmodo reports that the Trump transition team discussed Flynn's use of Signal to encrypt conversations, according to GSA emails under FOIA.[722]
    • Senator John McCain's former staffer David J. Kramer testifies before the House Intelligence Committee in a closed-door session about his role in bringing the Steele dossier to the FBI.[723]
  • December 20:
    • Mark Warner delivers a speech to the Senate warning Trump of "immediate and significant consequences" should he attempt to dismiss Mueller or to pardon those involved in the investigation.[724]
    • Foreign Policy reports that records submitted to Mueller's team indicate that McGahn researched federal law related both to the Logan Act and making false statements to investigators in the early days of Trump's presidency and that he may have warned Trump that Flynn was in potential violation.[9]
    • Reports emerge that a group headed by Nunes has spent several weeks compiling a report on alleged "corruption and conspiracy in the upper ranks of federal law enforcement".[692]
    • In private testimony before the House Intelligence Committee this week, McCabe tells lawmakers that Comey informed him of conversations he had with Trump soon after they happened.[725]
    • Felix Sater is interviewed in New York by Congressional staff.[726]
  • December 22:
    • The New York Times reports that federal prosecutors in the Eastern District of New York have sought records from Deutsche Bank about entities associated with Kushner's family businesses.[727] The prosecutors are examining a $285 million loan Deutsche Bank made one month before Election Day to lease 229 West 43rd Street, the former New York Times building in Times Square.[728]
    • Journalist David Corn, the first to report the existence of the Steele dossier, denies that FBI General Counsel James Baker was his source, following Baker's reassignment.[729]
    • Mueller's team interviews McFarland the final of three times.[19]:142, 169-172[34]:25-26, 29, 42-44, 121
  • December 23: Kramer's lawyer, Larry Robbins, sends a letter to the House Intelligence Committee informing them they have a leak. He tells them that after his client testified before the committee on December 19, Cohen's lawyer Stephen Ryan contacted Robbins because someone from the House told him that Kramer has information that could help Cohen. Robbins says he declined Ryan's request for help.[723][730]
  • December 24: The Guardian reports that the FBI has asked the Central Bank of Cyprus for financial information about the defunct FBME Bank, which was used by wealthy Russians with political connections and has been accused by the US government of money laundering.[731] Bloomberg reports that the Russia-related investigation into FBME was connected to a flow of illegal Russian funds into the New York real estate market.[732]
  • December 27:
    • According to The Washington Post, Trump’s legal team plans to cast Flynn as a "liar seeking to protect himself" if he accuses Trump or his senior aides of any wrongdoing.[733]
    • Investigative journalist Michael Isikoff reports that Mueller has begun questioning RNC staffers about the party's digital operation that worked with the Trump campaign to target voters in key swing states.[734][735]
    • Kramer receives a subpoena to make a second appearance before the House Intelligence Committee. Ten minutes later, conservative media report that the committee issued a subpoena to Kramer to appear in January.[730]
  • December 28: When questioned about his plans regarding the Mueller probe in a New York Times interview with Michael S. Schmidt, Trump says, "I have absolute right to do what I want to do with the Justice Department."[736]


See also[edit]


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