Timeline of lighting technology

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Lighting through the ages (legend)
Phase-out of incandescent light bulbsLight-emitting diodeSulfur lampOrganic light-emitting diodeCompact fluorescent lampSodium-vapor lamp#High-pressure sodiumLight-emitting diodeHalogen light bulbLight-emitting diodeSodium-vapor lampIncandescent light bulb#Revolution of the tungsten filament, inert gas, and the coiled coilIncandescent light bulb#Revolution of the tungsten filament, inert gas, and the coiled coilNeon lightingTungsten filamentMercury-vapor lampGas-discharge lampGas mantleIncandescent light bulb#Dominance of carbon filament and vacuumElectric light bulbFluorescent lampGeissler tubeArc lampGas lightingArgand lamp

Artificial lighting technology began to be developed tens of thousands of years ago and continues to be refined in the present day.


18th century[edit]

19th century[edit]

20th century[edit]

21st century[edit]

  • 2008 Ushio Lighting demonstrates the first LED Filament.
  • 2011 Philips wins L Prize for LED screw-in lamp equivalent to 60W incandescent A-lamp for general use.


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  2. ^ DuVall, Nell (1988). Domestic Technology: A Chronology of Developments. G.K. Hall. p. 270.
  3. ^ a b c d e Dr. Thomas Klett, Geschichte der Lichttechnik/History of Lighting
  4. ^ http://txchnologist.com/post/77710091911/in-the-beginning-10-inventors-of-the-incandescent In The Beginning: 10 Inventors of the Incandescent Lightbulb
  5. ^ Great Barrington Historical Society, Great Barrington, Massachusetts
  6. ^ Great Barrington 1886 - Inspiring an industry toward AC power
  7. ^ Bernard Gorowitz Ed., The General Electric Story
  8. ^ W. Bernard Carlson, Tesla: Inventor of the Electrical Age, page 132
  9. ^ note: at St. Louis, Missouri, Tesla public demonstration called, "On Light and Other High-Frequency Phenomena", (Journal of the Franklin Institute, Volume 136 By Persifor Frazer, Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, Pa)
  10. ^ "A brief history of high intensity discharge hid lighting". Shine Retrofits. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
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  12. ^ "20th Century Inventors: Tungsten Halogen Lamp". American History. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
  13. ^ Bernanose, A.; Comte, M.; Vouaux, P. (1953). "A new method of light emission by certain organic compounds". J. Chim. Phys. 50: 64. doi:10.1051/jcp/1953500064.
  14. ^ Bernanose, A.; Vouaux, P. (1953). "Organic electroluminescence type of emission". J. Chim. Phys. 50: 261. doi:10.1051/jcp/1953500261.
  15. ^ Schmidt, Kurt. "High pressure sodium vapor lamp". Google Patents. Retrieved 21 December 2017.