The Reformation – The 17th century was the time of the Reformation when the breakdown of religious orders meant that monasteries, hospitals and nursing care facilities were closed in most Protestant areas.
1850 – Florence Nightingale, a pioneer of modern nursing, begins her training as a nurse at the Institute of St. Vincent de Paul at Alexandria, Egypt.
1851 – Florence Nightingale completed her nursing training at Kaiserwerth, Germany, a Protestant religious community with a hospital facility. She was there for approximately 3 months, and at the end, her teachers declared her trained as a nurse.(Wojnar 2010)
1853 – Florence Nightingale went to Paris to study with the Sisters of Charity and was later appointed superintendent of the English General Hospitals in Turkey.(Crisp & Taylor)
1854 – The first lunatic asylum built. Opened in Wellington, New Zealand.(Crisp & Taylor)
1854 – Florence Nightingale and 38 volunteer nurses are sent to Turkey on October 21 to assist with caring for the injured of the Crimean War.
1854 – In a letter written November 15, 1854, to Dr Bowman, Florence Nightingale gives definite statistics:
on Thursday last [i.e.Nov 8] we had 1715 sick and wounded in this hospital (among whom, 120 cholera patients) and 650 severely wounded in...the General Hospital...when a message came to me to prepair for 510 wounded....
1857 – The Sisters of Charity opened the first St Vincent's Hospital at Sydney's Pott's Point, Australia. Today, the St Vincent's hospitals provide a considerable proportion of public health services.(Crisp & Taylor)
1859 – Florence Nightingale published her views on nursing care in "Notes on Nursing". The basis of nursing practice was based on her ideas from this.(Wesley 1995)
1860 – In May 1860 advertisements appeared seeking young lady nurses for training, but responses were not overwhelming; however, in July 1860 15 hand-picked probationers entered the Nightingale Training School, and the pattern for modern nursing came into being.
1860 – Florence Nightingale publishes "Note on Nursing: What it is and what it is not"
1860 – Template:Harvpr state that the Nightingale training school for nurses in England at the St Thomas' hospital, London was established at this time.
1860–1883 – As 16,000 single women emigrated to New Zealand 582 identified their occupation as a nurse (including monthly nurse, sick nurse, trained nurse, nurse girl, midwife, hospital nurse or professional nurse.)
1868 – Lucy Osburn and her four Nightingale nurses arrived at Sydney Infirmary (later Sydney Hospital).(Crisp & Taylor):4
1868 – Sir Henry Parkes requested that Nightingale is to provide trained nurses for New South Wales.(Crisp & Taylor):4
1868 – Cathinka Guldberg, who had trained as a Deaconess at Kaiserswerth, started the first nursing school in Norway at the Deaconess Institute of Christiania and became its first director.(Seymer 1932):148
1881 – Created the first Portuguese Nursing School at Coimbra, Portugal.
1884 – Mary Agnes Snively, the first Ontario nurse trained according to the principles of Florence Nightingale, assumes the position of Lady Superintendent of the Toronto General Hospital’s School of Nursing.
1885 – Following the Hospital and Charitable Aids Act, conditions improved.(MacDonald,1990).
1885 – The first nurse training institute is established in Japan, thanks to the pioneering work of Linda Richards.
1886 – The first regular training school in India is established in Bombay, with funds provided by the governor general.(Bullough & Bullough 1969):144
1886 – The Nightingale, the first American nursing journal, is published.
1886 – Spelman Seminary establishes the first nursing program specifically for African-Americans.
1891 – Hampton University began as the Hampton Training School for Nurses in conjunction with Kings Chapel Hospital for Colored and Indian Boys and the Abbey Mae Infirmary. This school was started on the campus of Hampton Institute at Strawberry Banks in what is now the City of Hampton, Virginia. On this campus sits the Emancipation Oak, the site of the first reading of the Emancipation Proclamation in the South. Alice Bacon was instrumental in starting the Hampton Training School for Nurses. The school was commonly called Dixie Hospital, now known as the Sentara Hampton CarePlex, and its first graduate was Anna DeCosta Banks. Elnora D. Daniel, the first black nurse to serve as the president of a university [Chicago State University] was Dean of Hampton University School of Nursing in the 1980s.
1882 – Inspector of hospitals in New Zealand sent for Nightingale nurses from Britain.(Potter & Perry):5
1906 The first nursing school Union Mission Hospital Training School for Nurses/Iloilo Mission Hospital training school for Nurses, now Central Philippine University–College of Nursing, is established in the Philippines.
1917 – Mrs. Annie Kamauoha is recognized as Hawaii's first graduate nurse from the Queen's Hospital Training School for Nurses. Her pin was designed by Queen Liliuokalani and was presented to her by the queen before the queen died later that year.
1917 – Standardized curriculum established by the National League for Nursing Education.(Lewenson 2004)
1918 – Lenah Higbee is awarded the Navy Cross for distinguished service in the line of her profession and unusual and conspicuous devotion to duty as superintendent of the U.S. Navy Nurse Corps. She is the first living woman to receive this honor.
1921 – Sophie Mannerheim, a pioneer of modern nursing in Finland, accepts the chairmanship of the Finnish Red Cross.
1922 – Filipino Nurses Association was founded.The FNA was admitted as member of the International Council of Nurses (ICN) in 1929.The FNA which was renamed Philippine Nurses Association (PNA) in 1962 continues to uphold its vision to uplift the ideals and spirit of the nursing profession in the country and to win for the profession the respect and recognition of the international community
1923 – The Nursing Act of 1919 becomes effective and Ethel Gordon Fenwick is the first nurse registered in the UK.
1923 – Yale School of Nursing becomes the first autonomous school of nursing in the U.S. with its own dean, faculty, budget, and degree meeting the standards of the University. The curriculum was based on an educational plan rather than on hospital service needs.
1942 – Beveridge Report recommends comprehensive health care funded through National Insurance.
1943 – Mary Elizabeth Lancaster (Carnegie) is appointed the acting director of the Division of Nursing Education at Hampton Institute in Hampton, Virginia. Through her direction the first baccalaureate nursing program in the Commonwealth of Virginia is created.
1943 – The southern state of Delaware was the first to admit the African American nurses to membership as a state nurses.
1944 – Ludwig Guttmanns Spinal Unit at Stoke Mandeville was formally opened on 1 February with one patient and twenty-six beds.
1944 – The first baccalaureate nursing program in the Commonwealth of Virginia is created at the Hampton University School of Nursing.
1948– The first baccalaureate nursing program in the State of Alabama is established at Tuskegee University under the leadership of Dr. Lillian H. Harvey, Dean.
1951 – Males join the United Kingdom same register of nurses as females for the first time.
1951 – National Association for Practical Nurse Education and Service (NAPNES) along with professional nursing organizations and the U.S. Department of Education created Vocational Nursing standards for education and the LPN / LVN level of nursing was created in the United States.
1971 – Florence Wald and her associates found Hospice, Inc., thus establishing the hospice movement in the United States of America
1971 – The Carpenter report was released, this was a review released by New Zealand centered around the nursing education system, the report advocated training nurses in an educational environment. The government however decided that polytechs not universities were more appropriate for this, however the consequences of this were that nurses were only diploma level not degree level.(Crisp & Taylor)
1973 – Christchurch and Wellington Polytechnics offer diploma-level nursing education; Massey and Victoria Universities (Wellington) start their post-registration bachelor's degrees.(Crisp & Taylor)
1974 – The classic definition of health which has endured for many years, was actually provided by the World Health Organization.(Crisp & Taylor)
1975 – First nursing diploma program in Australia in a College of Advanced Education (CAE) in Melbourne, followed quickly by programs in New South Wales, South Australia and Western Australia.
1976 – The first master's degree program in nursing for a historically Black College or University (HBCU) founded at Hampton University School of Nursing.
1976 – Roy Adaptation Theory published, Sister Callista Roy nursing theorist
1977 – The M. Elizabeth Carnegie Nursing Archives is created by Dr. Patricia E. Sloan at the Hampton University School of Nursing. This is the only repository for memorabilia on minority nurses in the United States. The focus of the archives is African American nurses.
1982 – Florence Nightingale Trust was created where they had Florence Nightingales letters, artifacts and publications made viewable to the public and protected at the 'Florence Nightingale Museum'.
1999 – The first doctor of philosophy degree program in nursing for a Historically Black College or University (HBCU) is founded at Hampton University School of Nursing. This doctoral program is unique in that it is the only doctoral program in the country that focuses on family and family-related nursing research.
I define caring as a "nurturing way of relating to a valued 'other' toward whom one feels a personal sense of commitment and responsibility"
2003 – Primary Health Care framework document is released by New Zealand Ministry of Health.(Crisp & Taylor)
2004 – The American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) recommends that all advanced practice nurses earn a Doctor of Nursing Practice degree.
2004 – The New Zealand Health Practitioners Competence Assurance (2003) Act comes into full power on 18 September. This covers the requirements for nurses to have current competences relating to their scope of practice.
2004 – The National Council of State Boards of Nursing initiated its Nursing License Compact which allows an RN who holds a license in one Compact state (USA), to work in another Compact state without having that state's license. (As of 2015[update] there are twenty-four Compact states and four with pending legislation to join.)
^Orchard, S. (1997). More ‘ woman of good character’: Nurses who came to new Zealand as immigrant settlers during the period 1860 to 1883. In N.Chick & J.Rodgers (Eds.) Looking back, moving forward: Essays in the history of New Zealand nursing and midwifery (pp. 5–16). Palmerston North: Department of Nursing and Midwifery Massey University.
^Pilhammar Andersson, Ewa (1999). "From Vocational Training to Academic Education: The Situation of the Schools of Nursing in Sweden". Journal of Nursing Education38 (1): 33–38. doi:10.3928/0148-4834-19990101-1.
^Clarke, Jean; O'Neil, Catherine S (2001). "An analysis of how the Irish Times portrayed Irish nursing during the 1999 strike". Nursing Ethics8 (4): 350–359. doi:10.1177/096973300100800407.
^Brown, Gary B; Greaney, Anna-Marie; Kelly-Fitzgibbon, Mary E; McCarthy, Jane (2006). "The 1999 Irish nurses' strike: nursing versions of the strike and self-identity in a general hospital". Journal of Advanced Nursing56 (2): 200–208. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2006.03998.x.
Lewenson, Sandra B. (2004). "Integrating nursing history into the curriculum". Journal of Professional Nursing20 (6): 374–380. doi:10.1016/j.profnurs.2004.08.003. History was always part of the curriculum but declined in emphasis and time dedicated to it
Lewenson, Sandra B., and Eleanor Krohn Herrmann (2007) Capturing Nursing History: A Guide to Historical Methods in Research
Adlam, K.; Dotchin, M.; Hayward, S. (2009). "Nursing first year of practice, past, present and future: documenting the journey in New Zealand". Journal Of Nursing Management17: 570. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2834.2008.00932.x.
Bostridge. Mark (2008) Florence Nightingale: The Making of an Icon
Crisp, J.; Taylor, C.; Potter, P. A.; Perry, A. G. Potter & Perry's Fundamentals of Nursing – Australian Version.
Daly, J.; Speedy, S.; Jackson, D. (2014). Contexts of Nursing (4th ed.). Churchill Livingstone. ISBN978-0729541527.
Helmstadter, Carol, and Judith Godden, eds. (2011) Nursing before Nightingale, 1815–1899 (Ashgate)