Timeline of operating systems

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This article presents a timeline of events in the history of computer operating systems from 1951 to the current day. For a narrative explaining the overall developments, see the History of operating systems.

1950s[edit]

1960s[edit]

1970s[edit]

1980s[edit]

1990s[edit]

2000s[edit]

Year–month Windows Apple BSD Linux Others
2000–? z/OS
2000–? z/VM
2000–01
2000–02 Windows 2000[30] Solaris 8
2000–03 FreeBSD 4.0 Red Hat Linux 6.2E AtheOS
BeOS R5
2000–04 Pocket PC 2000
2000–05
2000–06 Windows CE 3.0 OpenBSD 2.7 Plan 9 Third Edition[31]
2000–07 Windows 2000 Service Pack 1
2000–08 Debian 2.2 MorphOS 0.1[32]
2000–09 Windows Millennium Edition[33] Mac OS X Public Beta SUSE Linux 7.0
2000–10 z/OS
MorphOS 0.2
2000–11
2000–12 NetBSD 1.5
OpenBSD 2.8
AmigaOS 3.9[34]
HP-UX 11i
2001–01
2001–02 MorphOS 0.4[35]
2001–03 Mac OS X Cheetah (v10.0)
2001–04
2001–05 Windows 2000 Service Pack 2 AIX 5L 5.1
2001–06 OpenBSD 2.9
2001–07 eComStation 1.0
2001–08 Haiku[36]
2001–09 Mac OS X Puma (v10.1)
2001–10 Pocket PC 2002
Windows XP[37]
Windows XP 64-bit Edition 2002[38]
Novell NetWare 6.0
2001–11
2001–12 OpenBSD 3.0 OS/2 4.52
2002–01 Windows CE 4.x JX microkernel for Java
Sanos microkernel[39] for net appliances
K42 microkernel for NUMA machines
2002–02
2002–03 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1 AS
2002–04 SUSE Linux 8.0 Plan 9 Fourth Edition[40]
2002–05 OpenBSD 3.1 Solaris 9 (SPARC)
2002–06
2002–07 Debian 3.0 Syllable 0.4.0[41]
2002–08 Windows 2000 Service Pack 3 Mac OS X Jaguar[42] (v10.2)
2002–09 Windows XP Service Pack 1 NetBSD 1.6
2002–10 AIX 5.2
2002–11 OpenBSD 3.2 MorphOS 1.0
2002–12 MorphOS 1.1
2003–01 FreeBSD 5.0 Solaris 9 (x86)
JNode[43]JavaOS successor
2003–02 MorphOS 1.2
ReactOS 0.1.0
2003–03 Windows XP 64-bit Edition 2003[44] MorphOS 1.3
2003–04 Windows Server 2003
2003–05 OpenBSD 3.3 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1 ES
2003–06 Windows 2000 Service Pack 4
Windows Mobile 2003
OpenVMS 8.0
2003–07
2003–08 Novell NetWare 6.5
MorphOS 1.4
2003–09 HP-UX 11i v2
2003–10 Mac OS X Panther (v10.3) Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3
SUSE Linux 9.0
2003–11 OpenBSD 3.4 Fedora Core 1
2003–12 Linux 2.6.0[45]
2004–01 Linux 2.6.1 ReactOS 0.2.0
2004–02 Linux 2.6.2, 2.6.3
2004–03 Linux 2.6.4 ReactOS 0.2.1
2004–04 Linux 2.6.5 ReactOS 0.2.2
2004–05 OpenBSD 3.5 Linux 2.6.6
Fedora Core 2
2004–06 ReactOS 0.2.3
2004–07 DragonFly BSD 1.0
2004–08 Windows CE 5.x
Windows XP Service Pack 2
Linux 2.6.8 AIX 5.3
2004–09 ReactOS 0.2.4
2004–10 Linux 2.6.9
Ubuntu 4.10
2004–11 OpenBSD 3.6 Fedora Core 3
2004–12 NetBSD 2.0 Linux 2.6.10
2005–01 Solaris 10
ReactOS 0.2.5
2005–02 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 OpenVMS 8.2
2005–03 Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition
Linux 2.6.11
Novell Open Enterprise Server
MorphOS 1.4.4
2005–04 Mac OS X Tiger (v10.4) DragonFly BSD 1.2 Ubuntu 5.04 ReactOS 0.2.6
MorphOS 1.4.5
2005–05 Windows Mobile 5.0 OpenBSD 3.7
2005–06 Linux 2.6.12
Fedora Core 4
Debian 3.1
2005–07
2005–08 Linux 2.6.13 ReactOS 0.2.7
MorphOS 1.4.5 Classic
2005–09
2005–10 Linux 2.6.14
Ubuntu 5.10
SUSE Linux 10.0
ReactOS 0.2.8
2005–11 FreeBSD 6.0
OpenBSD 3.8
2005–12 NetBSD 3.0 ReactOS 0.2.9
2006–01 DragonFly BSD 1.4 Linux 2.6.15 Solaris 10 1/06
2006–02
2006–03 Windows Server 2003 R2 Linux 2.6.16
Fedora Core 5
2006–04
2006–05 OpenBSD 3.9 SymbOS
MINIX 3.1.2
2006–06 Linux 2.6.17
Ubuntu 6.06 (LTS)
Solaris 10 6/06
2006–07 DragonFly BSD 1.6
2006–08 BS2000/OSD v7.0[46]
ReactOS 0.3.0
2006–09 Windows CE 6.0 Linux 2.6.18 FreeDOS 1.0
OpenVMS 8.3
2006–10 Fedora Core 6
Ubuntu 6.10
Slackware 11.0
2006–11 Windows Vista OpenBSD 4.0 Linux 2.6.19 AmigaOS 4.0
Solaris 10 11/06
2006–12
2007–01 DragonFly BSD 1.8 Bharat Operating System Solutions
2007–02 Windows Mobile 6.0 Linux 2.6.20 Inferno Fourth Edition
2007–03 Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 ReactOS 0.3.1
2007–04 Linux 2.6.21
Ubuntu 7.04
Debian 4.0
2007–05 iPhone OS 1 OpenBSD 4.1 Fedora 7
2007–06
2007–07 Linux 2.6.22
Slackware 12.0
2007–08 DragonFly BSD 1.10 Solaris 10 8/07
2007–09 iPhone OS 1.1 HP-UX 11i v3
ReactOS 0.3.3
2007–10 Mac OS X Leopard (v10.5) Linux 2.6.23
Ubuntu 7.10
OpenVMS 8.3-1H1
2007–11 Windows Home Server OpenBSD 4.2 Fedora 8
gOS
AIX 6.1,
2007–12 NetBSD 4.0
2008–01 Linux 2.6.24 ReactOS 0.3.4
2008–02 Windows Vista Service Pack 1
Windows Server 2008
DragonFly BSD 1.12
FreeBSD 7.0
2008–03 Singularity 1.1
2008–04 Windows Mobile 6.1
Windows XP Service Pack 3
Linux 2.6.25
Ubuntu 8.04 (LTS)
2008–05 OpenBSD 4.3 Fedora 9
Slackware 12.1
Solaris 10 5/08
OpenSolaris 2008.05
BS2000/OSD v8.0A
2008–06 SUSE Linux 11.0 MorphOS 2.0
ReactOS 0.3.5
2008–07 iPhone OS 2 DragonFly BSD 2.0 Linux 2.6.26
2008–08 STOP 6.5
ReactOS 0.3.6
2008–09 iPhone OS 2.1 AmigaOS 4.1
z/OS V1R10
MorphOS 2.1
2008–10 Linux 2.6.27
Ubuntu 8.10
Android 1.0
Solaris 10 10/08
OKL4 3.0
2008–11 iPhone OS 2.2 OpenBSD 4.4 Fedora 10 Singularity 2.0
ReactOS 0.3.7
Genode 8.11[47]
2008–12 Linux 2.6.28
Slackware 12.2
MorphOS 2.2
OpenSolaris 2008.11
2009–01
2009–02 DragonFly BSD 2.2 Debian 5.0
Android 1.1
ReactOS 0.3.8
2009–03 Linux 2.6.29
2009–04 NetBSD 5.0 Ubuntu 9.04
Android 1.5
ReactOS 0.3.9
2009–05 Windows Mobile 6.5
Windows Vista Service Pack 2
OpenBSD 4.5 Solaris 10 5/09
2009–06 iPhone OS 3 Linux 2.6.30
Fedora 11
Palm webOS 1
AmigaOS 4.1
OpenSolaris 2009.06
2009–07 ReactOS 0.3.10
2009–08 Mac OS X Snow Leopard (v10.6) Slackware 13.0 MorphOS 2.3
2009–09 iPhone OS 3.1 DragonFly BSD 2.4 Linux 2.6.31
Android 1.6
2009–10 Windows 7
Windows Server 2008 R2
OpenBSD 4.6 Ubuntu 9.10
Android 2.0
Solaris 10 10/09
MorphOS 2.4
2009–11 FreeBSD 8.0 Fedora 12
openSUSE 11.2
2009–12 Linux 2.6.32 ReactOS 0.3.11

2010s[edit]

Year–month Windows Apple BSD Linux Others
2010–01 Android 2.1 AmigaOS 4.1 Upd. 1
2010–02 Linux 2.6.33
2010–03
2010–04 iPhone OS 3.2 DragonFly BSD 2.6 Ubuntu 10.04 (LTS) AmigaOS 4.1 Upd. 2
2010–05 OpenBSD 4.7 Linux 2.6.34
Fedora 13
Android 2.2
2010–06 iOS 4 MorphOS 2.5
OpenVMS 8.4
2010–07 openSUSE 11.3
2010–08 Linux 2.6.35
2010–09 iOS 4.1 Solaris 10 9/10
AIX 7.1
2010–10 Windows Phone 7 DragonFly BSD 2.8 Linux 2.6.36
Fedora 14
Ubuntu 10.10
MorphOS 2.6
ReactOS 0.3.12
2010–11 iOS 4.2 NetBSD 5.1
OpenBSD 4.8
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6
2010–12 Android 2.3 MorphOS 2.7
2011–01 Linux 2.6.37
2011–02 Windows 7 Service Pack 1 Debian 6.0
Android 3.0
2011–03 Windows CE 7.0 iOS 4.3 Linux 2.6.38
openSUSE 11.4
ReactOS 0.3.13
2011–04 Windows Home Server 2011 DragonFly BSD 2.10 Ubuntu 11.04
Slackware 13.37
2011–05 OpenBSD 4.9 Linux 2.6.39
Fedora 15
Android 3.1
AmigaOS 4.1 Upd. 1 (for Classic)
2011–06 iOS 5 Google Chrome OS (first shipped) 9front
2011–07 Mac OS X Lion (v10.7) Linux 3.0
Android 3.2
HP webOS 3
AmigaOS 4.1 Upd. 3
2011–08
2011–09 Windows Phone 7.5
2011–10 Linux 3.1
Ubuntu 11.10
Android 4.0
2011–11 OpenBSD 5.0 Fedora 16
openSUSE 12.1
BS2000/OSD 9.0
Solaris 11 11/11
2011–12 AmigaOS 4.1 Upd. 4
2012–01 FreeBSD 9.0 Linux 3.2 FreeDOS 1.1
2012–02 DragonFly BSD 3.0 ReactOS 0.3.14
Minix 3.2
2012–03 iOS 5.1 Linux 3.3
Android 4.0.4
2012–04 Ubuntu 12.04 (LTS)
2012–05 OpenBSD 5.1 Linux 3.4
Fedora 17
DexOS
2012–06 MorphOS 3.0
2012–07 OS X Mountain Lion (v10.8) Linux 3.5
Android 4.1
openSUSE 12.2
MorphOS 3.1
AmigaOS 4.1 Upd. 5
2012–08
2012–09 Windows Server 2012 iOS 6 Linux 3.6
Slackware 14.0
QubesOS
2012–10 Windows 8
Windows Phone 8
NetBSD 6.0
OpenBSD 5.2
Ubuntu 12.10 Solaris 11.1
2012–11 DragonFly BSD 3.2 Android 4.2 Haiku R1 Alpha 4
2012–12 FreeBSD 9.1
2013-01 iOS 6.1 Fedora 18 BlackBerry 10
Solaris 10 1/13
2013-02 Windows Phone 7.8
2013-03 openSUSE 12.3
2013-04 DragonFly BSD 3.4 Linux 3.9
Ubuntu 13.04
2013-05 NetBSD 6.1
OpenBSD 5.3
Debian 7.0 ReactOS 0.3.15
MorphOS 3.2
2013-06 Windows CE 8.0 (2013) Linux 3.10
2013-07 Fedora 19
Android 4.3
2013-08
2013-09 iOS 7 FreeBSD 9.2 Linux 3.11 MorphOS 3.3
z/OS Version 2.1
2013-10 Windows 8.1
Windows Server 2012 R2
OS X Mavericks (v10.9) Ubuntu 13.10
2013-11 DragonFly BSD 3.6
OpenBSD 5.4
Fedora 19
Slackware 14.1
openSUSE 13.1
Android 4.4
Linux 3.12
2013-12 Fedora 20 MorphOS 3.4
Muen[48] separation kernel
2014-01 FreeBSD 10.0 Linux 3.13
2014-02 ReactOS 0.3.16
MorphOS 3.5
2014-03 iOS 7.1 Linux 3.14
2014-04 Windows Phone 8.1 Ubuntu 14.04 (LTS) Solaris 11.2
2014-05 OpenBSD 5.5
2014-06 DragonFly BSD 3.8 Linux 3.15
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7
MorphOS 3.6
2014-07
2014-08 Linux 3.16 MorphOS 3.7
2014-09 iOS 8 Minix 3.3
2014-10 OS X Yosemite (v10.10)
iOS 8.1
Ubuntu 14.10
Linux 3.17
2014-11 OpenBSD 5.6
FreeBSD 10.1
DragonFly BSD 4.0
openSUSE 13.2
Android 5.0
ReactOS 0.3.17
2014-12 Linux 3.18
2015-01
2015-02 Linux 3.19
2015-03 iOS 8.2
2015-04 iOS 8.3
watchOS 1
Linux 4.0
Debian 8.0
Ubuntu 15.04
Redox OS
2015-05
2015-06 iOS 8.4 Linux 4.1 MorphOS 3.9
2015-07 Windows 10 (1507)
2015-08 FreeBSD 10.2 Linux 4.2
2015-09 OS X El Capitan (v10.11)
iOS 9
watchOS 2
NetBSD 7.0 z/OS Version 2.2 [49]
2015-10 iOS 9.1
tvOS9
Android 6.0
Ubuntu 15.10
AIX 7.2 [50]
Solaris 11.3[51]
2015-11 Windows 10 November Update (1511)
Windows 10 Mobile (1511)
tvOS9.1 Linux 4.3
openSUSE Leap 42.1
2015-12 iOS 9.2
watchOS 2.1
tvOS9.2
2016-01 Linux 4.4 Minix 3.4
2016-02 ReactOS 0.4
2016-03 iOS 9.3
watchOS 2.2
tvOS9.3
OpenBSD 5.9
FreeBSD 10.3
Linux 4.5
2016-04 Ubuntu 16.04 ReactOS 0.4.1
2016-05 Linux 4.6
2016-06 Slackware 14.2
Fedora 24
Linux Mint 18
2016-07 Linux 4.7
2016-08 Windows 10 Anniversary Update (1607)
Windows 10 Mobile Anniversary Update (1607)
DragonFly BSD 4.6 Android 7.0 ReactOS 0.4.2
2016-09 Windows Server 2016 (1607) macOS Sierra (v10.12)
iOS 10
watchOS 3
tvOS10
OpenBSD 6.0 Linux 4.8
2016-10 iOS 10.1
watchOS 3.1
NetBSD 7.0.2
FreeBSD 11.0
Android 7.1
Ubuntu 16.10
2016-11 Oracle Linux 7.3
Fedora 25
openSUSE Leap 42.2
ReactOS 0.4.3
2016-12 iOS 10.2
tvOS10.1
Linux 4.9
Linux Mint 18.1
FreeDOS 1.2
2017-01
2017-02 Linux 4.10 ReactOS 0.4.4
2017-03 iOS 10.3
watchOS 3.2
tvOS10.2
DragonFly BSD 4.8
NetBSD 7.1
2017-04 Windows 10 Creators Update (1703)
Windows 10 Mobile Creators Update (1703)
OpenBSD 6.1 Linux 4.11
Ubuntu 17.04
2017-05 ReactOS 0.4.5
2017-06 Debian 9.0
Fedora 26
2017-07 Linux 4.12
openSUSE Leap 42.3
2017-08 Android 8.0
2017-09 macOS High Sierra (v10.13)
iOS 11
watchOS 4
tvOS11
Linux 4.13
2017-10 Windows 10 Fall Creators Update (1709)
Windows 10 Mobile Fall Creators Update (1709)
Windows Server 2016 Fall Creators Update (1709)
iOS 11.1
watchOS 4.1
tvOS11.1
OpenBSD 6.2

DragonFly BSD 5.0

Ubuntu 17.10
2017-11 Linux 4.14
Fedora 27
2017-12 iOS 11.2
watchOS 4.2
tvOS11.2
Android 8.1
2018-01 Linux 4.15
2018-02
2018-03 iOS 11.3
watchOS 4.3
tvOS11.3
NetBSD 7.1.2 Genode Sculpt EA
2018-04 Windows 10 April 2018 Update (1803) OpenBSD 6.3
DragonFly BSD 5.2
Linux 4.16
Ubuntu 18.04 (LTS)
2018-05 iOS 11.4
tvOS11.4
Fedora 28
openSUSE Leap 15.0
2018-06 Linux 4.17 Genode Sculpt TC
2018-07 NetBSD 8.0 SUSE Linux Enterprise 15
2018-08 NetBSD 7.2 Linux 4.18
Android 9.0
2018-09 macOS Mojave (v10.14)
iOS 12
watchOS 5
tvOS12
Genode Sculpt VC[52]
2018-10 Windows 10 October 2018 Update (1809)
Windows Server 2019 (1809)
iOS 12.1
watchOS 5.1
tvOS12.1
OpenBSD 6.4 Linux 4.19
Ubuntu 18.10
Fedora 29
2018-11
2018-12 DragonFly BSD 5.4
FreeBSD 12.0
Linux 4.20
2019-01
2019-02
2019-03 iOS 12.2
watchOS 5.2
tvOS12.2
Linux 5.0
2019-04 Ubuntu 19.04
Fedora 30
2019-05 Windows 10 May 2019 Update (1903) iOS 12.3 OpenBSD 6.5 Linux 5.1
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8
openSUSE Leap 15.1
2019-06
2019-07
2019-08
2019-09
2019-10

See also[edit]

Category links[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]