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Ancient period [ edit ]
Eighteenth Century (1700s) [ edit ]
US) Carl Scheele (1742–1786) makes "fire air" (oxygen) by heating magnesium oxide. His findings are published in June 1774. 1774: (
US) Joseph Priestley (1733–1804), credited with the discovery of oxygen, publishes his work on "dephlogisticated air" oxygen 3 months after a report by Carl Scheele.
Nineteenth Century (1800s) [ edit ]
Twentieth Century (1900s) [ edit ]
1900-1920 [ edit ]
US) George Poe demonstrated his mechanical respirator by asphyxiating dogs and seemingly bringing them back to life. 1918: Oxygen masks are used to treat combat-induced
pulmonary edema. [3 ]
1920-1940 [ edit ]
1928: Phillip Drinker develops the "
iron lung" negative pressure ventilator. [3 ] 1935: Carl Matthes invented the first noninvasive oximeter employing an ear probe.
1940-1960 [ edit ]
Dr. Edwin R. Levine, MD began training technicians in basic inhalation therapy for post-surgical patients. 1946: (
US) Dr Levine and his technicians formed the Inhalation Therapy Association. 1954: (
US) March 16, 1954 the ITA is renamed the American Association of Inhalation Therapists (AAIT). 1966: (
US) February 1966, the ITA was again renamed the American Association for Inhalation Therapy (still, AAIT). 1956: (
US) The AAIT begins publishing a science journal, Inhalation Therapy (now ). RESPIRATORY CARE 1960: (
US)In October 1960 The American Registry of Inhalation Therapists (ARIT) is formed to oversee examinations for formal credentialing for people in the field.
1960-1980 [ edit ]
US) Sister Mary Yvonne Jenn becomes the first Registered Respiratory Therapist [3 ] 1961:
Metaproterenol, the beta-2 bronchodilator is introduced. [3 ] 1964: (
CA) The Canadian Society of Respiratory Therapists (CSRT) is founded in 1964 as the Canadian Society of Inhalation Therapy Technicians. 1970: (
US) In 1970 The Board of Schools of Inhalation Therapy Technicians became the Joint Review Committee for Respiratory Therapy Education (JRCRTE). 1971: (
US) Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is introduced by Gregory. [3 ] 1971: (
US) The journal Inhalation Therapy is renamed to . Respiratory Care 1974: (
US) The two US credentialing programs merge into a single credentialing organization called the National Board for Respiratory Therapy (NBRT) in 1974. 1980: (
US) President Jimmy Carter proclaimed the first Cystic Fibrosis Awareness Week. (July 22)
1980-2000 [ edit ]
Twenty-First Century (2000s) [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ a b c Severinghaus JW, Astrup PB (1986). "History of blood gas analysis. VI. Oximetry.". J Clin Monit 2 (4): 270–88. PMID 3537215.
^ March 25, 1899 edition of , "Bronchitis, Pulmonary Emphysema, and Asthma" The Lancet
^ a b c d e Ward JJ, Helmholtz HF: Roots of the respiratory care profession. In Burton GG, Hodgkin JE, Ward JJ, editors: Respiratory care: a guide to clinical practice, ed 4, Philadelphia, 1997, Lippincott.
^ http://www.aarc.com American Association of Respiratory Care
^ Sleep Disorders Specialty Examination Receives NCCA Accreditation Press Release, http://nbrc.org
^ "Hawaii Revised Statutes Chapter 466D-RespiratoryTherapists" http://hawaii.gov/dcca/pvl/hrs/HRS466D.pdf; July 2011
^ "Office of Regulatory Reinvention Issues Recommendations to Deregulate 18 Occupations; Eliminate 9 Boards" (Press release). Michigan Licensing and Regulatory Affairs. April 16, 2012 . Retrieved . April 21, 2012 The Office of Regulatory Reinvention Made 63 Recommendations to Governor Snyder for Improving Michigan's Occupational Licensing Regulations