Timeline of sovereign states in North America

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This timeline lists all sovereign states in North America (including Central America and the Caribbean), both current and defunct, from the year 1500 onwards.

Timeline[edit]

Current Sovereign States / Decades before 1500 1510 1520 1530 1540 1550 1560 1570 1580 1590 1600 1610 1620 1630 1640 1650 1660 1670 1680 1690 1700 1710 1720 1730 1740 1750 1760 1770 1780 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg
Antigua and Barbuda
Island Caribs 1632 Antigua (England) [1] 1671 British Leeward Islands (England) [1] 1816 Antigua-Barbuda-Montserrat (United Kingdom) [1] 1833 British Leeward Islands (United Kingdom) [1] 1958 Flag of the West Indies Federation (1958–1962).svg West Indies Federation (United Kingdom) [1][2] 1962 Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg Antigua and Barbuda (United Kingdom)[1] 1981 Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg Antigua and Barbuda [1][3]
Island Caribs 1666 Barbuda (British Empire
Flag of the Bahamas.svg
Bahamas
Lucayan people 1513 Deserted 1649 Eleutheran Adventurers [4][5] 1670 Province of Carolina (England) 1718 Colony of the Bahamas (Great Britain) [5] 1973 Flag of the Bahamas.svg Bahamas [5]
Flag of Barbados.svg
Barbados
Island Caribs Uninhabited 1625 Colony of Barbados (England) [6] 1958 Flag of the West Indies Federation (1958–1962).svg West Indies Federation (United Kingdom) [2][6] 1962 Flag of Barbados.svg Barbados (United Kingdom) [6] 1966 Flag of Barbados.svg Barbados [6]
Flag of Belize.svg
Belize
Pre-Columbian Belize 1524 New Spain (Spain) [7] 1742 Colony of Jamaica (Great Britain) [7] 1862 Flag of British Honduras (1919–1981).svg British Honduras (United Kingdom)[7][8] Flag of Belize.svg Belize 1981 (United Kingdom)[7][8]
Flag of Canada.svg
Canada
Flag of Alberta.svg
Alberta
First Nations 1670 Rupert's Land (British Empire) 1870 Northwest Territories (Flag of Canada.svg Canada) 1905 Alberta (Flag of Canada.svg Canada)
Flag of British Columbia.svg
British Columbia
Indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast Indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast Colony of British Columbia 1858 (United Kingdom) [9] Colony of British Columbia 1866 (United Kingdom) 1871 Flag of British Columbia.svg British Columbia 1871 (Flag of Canada.svg Canada)
Colony of Vancouver Island 1849 (British Empire)
Flag of Manitoba.svg
Manitoba
First Nations 1670 Rupert's Land (British Empire) 1870 Manitoba (Canada)
Flag of New Brunswick.svg
New Brunswick
First Nations 1605 Acadia (France) [10] 1713 Nova Scotia (British Empire) [10] 1784 New Brunswick (British Empire) [11] 1867 Flag of New Brunswick.svg New Brunswick (Canada)
Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador.svg
Newfoundland and Labrador
Beothuk 1610 Dominion of Newfoundland Blue Ensign, 1870–1904.svg Newfoundland Colony (British Empire) 1907 Dominion of Newfoundland Red Ensign.svg Dominion of Newfoundland (British Empire) 1949 Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador.svg Newfoundland and Labrador (Canada)
Flag of Nova Scotia.svg
Nova Scotia
Mi'kmaq 1605 Acadia (France) [10] 1713 Nova Scotia (British Empire) 1867 Nova Scotia (Canada)
Flag of Ontario.svg
Ontario
Aboriginal Canadians 1534 Canada (France) 1763 Province of Quebec (British Empire) Upper Canada (British Empire) Province of Canada (British Empire) 1867 Ontario (Canada)
Flag of Prince Edward Island.svg
Prince Edward Island
Mi’kmaq [12] 1720 Isle Saint-Jean (France) [12] 1763 Nova Scotia (Great Britain) [12] 1769 Prince Edward Island (Great Britain) [12] 1873 Flag of Prince Edward Island.svg Prince Edward Island (Canada) [12]
Flag of Quebec.svg
Quebec
Aboriginal Canadians 1534 Canada (France) 1763 Province of Quebec (British Empire) 1791 Lower Canada (British Empire) 1841 Province of Canada (British Empire) 1867 Flag of Quebec.svg Quebec (Canada)
Flag of Saskatchewan.svg
Saskatchewan
First Nations 1670 Rupert's Land (British Empire) 1870 Northwest Territories (Canada) 1905 Saskatchewan (Canada)
Flag of the Northwest Territories.svg
Northwest Territories
Aboriginal Canadians North-Western Territory (British Empire) 1870 Northwest Territories (Canada)
Flag of Nunavut.svg
Nunavut
Inuit 1670 Rupert's Land (British Empire) 1870 Northwest Territories (Canada) 1876 District of Keewatin (Canada) 1905 Northwest Territories (Canada) 1999 Nunavut (Canada)
Flag of Yukon.svg
Yukon
Aboriginal Canadians North-Western Territory (British Empire) 1870 Northwest Territories (Canada) 1898 Yukon (Canada)
Flag of Costa Rica.svg
Costa Rica
Indigenous peoples of Costa Rica 1540 New Spain (Spain) 1821 First Mexican Empire 1823 Costa Rica (Flag of the Federal Republic of Central America.svg Federal Republic of Central America) [13] 1838 Costa Rica
Flag of Cuba.svg
Cuba
Guanajatabey, Taíno and Ciboney 1511 Banner of arms crown of Castille Habsbourg style.svg Governorate of Cuba (Spain) 1519 New Spain (Spain) 1821 Captaincy General of Cuba (Spain) 1898 Flag of the United States.svg United States Military Government in Cuba (Flag of the United States.svg United States) 1902 Flag of Cuba.svg Republic of Cuba
Flag of Dominica.svg
Dominica
Island Caribs 1727 Dominica (France) 1761 Dominica (British Empire) 1778 Dominica (France) 1783 Dominica (British Empire) 1833 British Leeward Islands (British Empire) 1940 British Windward Islands (British Empire) 1958 Flag of the West Indies Federation (1958–1962).svg West Indies Federation (British Empire) 1962 Dominica (British Empire) 1978 Dominica
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg
Dominican Republic
Captaincy General of Santo Domingo (Spain) 1795 Saint-Domingue (France) 1809 España Boba (Spain) 1821 Flag of Spanish Haiti.svg Republic of Spanish Haiti 1822 Department of Ozama and Cibao (Haiti) 1844 Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg Dominican Republic 1861 Spanish occupation of the Dominican Republic (Spain) 1865 Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg Dominican Republic 1916 Flag of the United States.svg Dominican Republic (Flag of the United States.svg United States) 1924 Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg Dominican Republic
Flag of El Salvador.svg
El Salvador
Cuzcatlan 1525 New Spain (Spain) 1821 First Mexican Empire 1823 El Salvador (Flag of the Federal Republic of Central America.svg Federal Republic of Central America) 1841 El Salvador 1896 Greater Republic of Central America Flag of El Salvador.svg 1898 El Salvador
Flag of Grenada.svg
Grenada
Island Caribs 1649 French Antilles (France) 1762 British Grenada (British Empire) 1779 Grenada (France) 1783 British Grenada (British Empire 1833 British Windward Islands (British Empire) 1958 Flag of the West Indies Federation (1958–1962).svg West Indies Federation (British Empire) 1962 Grenada (British Empire) 1974 Grenada
Flag of Guatemala.svg
Guatemala
Mayans 1521 New Spain (Spain) 1821 First Mexican Empire Flag of Guatemala.svg
Guatemala 1823 Guatemala (Flag of the Federal Republic of Central America.svg Federal Republic of Central America)
Flag of Guatemala.svg
Guatemala 1841 Guatemala
Flag of Haiti.svg
Haiti
Captaincy General of Santo Domingo (Spain) [14][15] 1625 Saint-Domingue (France) 1804 Flag of Haiti.svg Haiti [14][15]
Flag of Honduras.svg
Honduras
Pre-Columbian Honduras 1525 New Spain (Spain) 1821 Honduras (Mexico) 1823 Honduras (Flag of the Federal Republic of Central America.svg Federal Republic of Central America) 1840 Honduras
Flag of Jamaica.svg
Jamaica
Pre-Columbian Jamaica 1509 Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg Colony of Santiago (Spain) [16] 1655 Flag of Jamaica (1957–1962).svg Colony of Jamaica (England) [16] 1958 Flag of the West Indies Federation (1958–1962).svg West Indies Federation (United Kingdom) [16] 1962 Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica [16]
Flag of Mexico.svg
Mexico
Aztec Empire [17] 1521 New Spain (Spain) [17] 1821 Mexico [17]
Flag of Nicaragua.svg
Nicaragua
Pre-Columbian Nicaragua 1520 New Spain (Spain) 1821 Mexican Empire 1823 Nicaragua (Flag of the Federal Republic of Central America.svg Federal Republic of Central America) 1838 Nicaragua
Flag of Panama.svg
Panama
Indigenous peoples of the Americas 1510 Province of Tierra Firme (Spain) 1542 Viceroyalty of Peru (Spain) 1717 Viceroyalty of New Granada (Spain) 1821 Gran Colombia 1831 Republic of New Granada 1858 Granadine Confederation 1863 United States of Columbia Flag of Colombia.svg 1886 Republic of Columbia Flag of Panama.svg 1903 Panama
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Arawaks and Island Caribs 1623 Saint Christopher (England) [18] 1671 British Leeward Islands (United Kingdom) [18] 1816 Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla (United Kingdom) [18] 1833 British Leeward Islands (United Kingdom) [18] 1958 Flag of the West Indies Federation (1958–1962).svg West Indies Federation (United Kingdom) [18] 1962 Flag of Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla.svg Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla (United Kingdom) [18] 1983 Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg Saint Kitts and Nevis [18]
Arawaks and Island Caribs 1628 Colony of Barbados (England) [18] 1983 Flag of Nevis.svg Nevis (Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg Saint Kitts and Nevis) [18]
Flag of Saint Lucia.svg
Saint Lucia
Island Caribs 1833 British Windward Islands (United Kingdom) 1958 Flag of the West Indies Federation (1958–1962).svg West Indies Federation (British Empire) 1962 Saint Lucia (British Empire) Flag of Saint Lucia.svg 1979 Saint Lucia [19]
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Island Caribs 1719 Saint Vincent (France) 1763 Saint Vincent (United Kingdom) 1779 Saint Vincent (France) 1783 Saint Vincent (United Kingdom) 1833 British Windward Islands (United Kingdom) 1958 Flag of the West Indies Federation (1958–1962).svg West Indies Federation (United Kingdom) 1962 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (United Kingdom) 1979 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg
Trinidad and Tobago
Arawak and Island Caribs 1797 Trinidad (Great Britain) 1889 British Trinidad and Tobago (United Kingdom) 1958 Flag of the West Indies Federation (1958–1962).svg West Indies Federation (United Kingdom) 1962 Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago
Arawak and Island Caribs 1628 Nieuw-Walcheren (Netherlands) [20] 1637 Neu-Kurland (Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth) [20] Arawak and Island Caribs [20] 1654 Nieuw-Walcheren (Netherlands) [20] 1677 Trinidad (France) [20] 1797 Tobago (Great Britain)
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
Flag of Alabama.svg
Alabama
Native Americans Mississippi Territory 1798 (Flag of the United States.svg United States) Alabama Territory 1817 (Flag of the United States.svg United States) 1819 Flag of Alabama.svg Alabama (Flag of the United States.svg United States) 1861 Flag of Alabama.svg Alabama (Confederate States of America) 1865 Flag of Alabama.svg Alabama (Flag of the United States.svg United States)
Flag of Alaska.svg
Alaska
Alaskan Natives Flag of the Russian-American Company.svg 1799 Russian America (Russian Empire) Flag of the United States (1877-1890).svg 1867 Department of Alaska (Flag of the United States.svg United States)[21] Flag of the United States (1877-1890).svg 1884 District of Alaska (Flag of the United States.svg United States)[21] Flag of Alaska.svg 1912 Territory of Alaska (Flag of the United States.svg United States)[21] Flag of Alaska.svg 1959 Alaska (Flag of the United States.svg United States)[21]
Flag of Arizona.svg
Arizona
Native Americans 1768 The Californias (Spain) 1805 Alta California (Spain) 1822 Alta California Territory (Mexico) 1846 U.S. provisional government of New Mexico 1850 New Mexico Territory (Flag of the United States.svg United States) 1863 Arizona Territory (Flag of the United States.svg United States) 1912 Arizona (Flag of the United States.svg United States)
Flag of Arkansas.svg
Arkansas
Native Americans 1682 Louisiana (France) 1762 Louisiana (Spain) 1802 Louisiana (France) 1805 Louisiana Territory (Flag of the United States.svg United States) 1812 Missouri Territory (Flag of the United States.svg United States) 1819 Arkansas Territory (Flag of the United States.svg United States) 1836 Arkansas (Flag of the United States.svg United States) 1861 Arkansas (Confederate States of America) 1865 Arkansas (Flag of the United States.svg United States)
Flag of California.svg
California
Native Americans 1768 The Californias (Spain) 1805 Alta California (Spain) 1822 Alta California Territory (Mexico) 1846 United States military occupation (Flag of the United States.svg United States) 1850 California (Flag of the United States.svg United States)
Flag of Colorado.svg
Colorado
Native Americans 1836 Republic of Texas 1845 Texas (Flag of the United States.svg United States) 1850 Unorganised territory (Flag of the United States.svg United States) [notes 1] 1854 Kansas Territory[notes 2] (Flag of the United States.svg United States) 1861 Colorado Territory (Flag of the United States.svg United States) 1876 Colorado (Flag of the United States.svg United States)
Flag of Connecticut.svg
Connecticut
Native Americans 1636 Connecticut Colony (England) 1686 Dominion of New England (England) 1689 Connecticut Colony (England) 1776 Connecticut (Flag of the United States.svg United States)
Flag of Delaware.svg
Delaware
Native Americans 1638 New Sweden (Sweden) 1655 New Netherland (Dutch Republic) 1664 Delaware Colony (British Empire) 1776 Delaware (United States)
Flag of Florida.svg
Florida
Native Americans 1513 Spanish Florida (Spain) 1763 East Florida (British Empire) 1783 Spanish Florida (Spain) 1822 Florida Territory (United States) 1845 Florida (United States) 1861 Florida (Confederate States of America) 1865 Florida (United States
Flag of Georgia.svg
Georgia
Native Americans 1732 Province of Georgia (British Empire) 1777 Georgia (United States) 1861 Georgia (Confederate States of America) 1865 Georgia (United States)
Flag of Idaho.svg
Idaho
Native Americans 1818 Oregon Country/Columbia District (United States/British Empire) 1843 Provisional Government of Oregon 1848 Oregon Territory (United States) 1853 Washington Territory (United States) 1890 Idaho (United States)
Flag of Illinois.svg
Illinois
Native Americans 1534 Canada (France) 1763 Province of Quebec (British Empire) 1787 Northwest Territory (United States) 1800 Indiana Territory (United States) 1809 Illinois Territory (United States) 1818 Illinois (United States)
Flag of Indiana.svg
Indiana
Native Americans 1534 Canada (France) 1763 Province of Quebec (British Empire) 1787 Northwest Territory (United States) 1800 Indiana Territory (United States) 1816 Indiana (United States)
Flag of Iowa.svg
Iowa
Native Americans 1534 Canada (France) 1763 Province of Quebec (British Empire) 1787 Northwest Territory (United States) 1800 Indiana Territory (United States) 1805 Michigan Territory (United States) 1836 Wisconsin Territory (United States) 1838 Iowa Territory (United States) 1846 Iowa (United States)
Flag of Kansas.svg
Kansas
Native Americans 1803 Louisiana Purchase (United States) 1805 Louisiana Territory (United States) 1812 Missouri Territory (United States) 1821 Unorganised Territory (United States) 1854 Kansas Territory (United States) 1861 Kansas (United States)
Flag of Kentucky.svg
Kentucky
Virginia Indians Colony of Virginia 1607 (British Empire) Virginia 1776 (United States) kentucky 1792 (United States)
Flag of Louisiana.svg
Louisiana
Native Americans 1682 Louisiana (France) 1762 Louisiana (Spain) 1803 Louisiana Purchase (United States) 1804 Territory of Orleans (United States) 1812 Louisiana (United States)
Flag of Maine.svg
Maine
Native Americans Massachusetts Bay Colony 1652 (British Empire) Dominion of New England 1686 (British Empire) Massachusetts Bay Colony 1689 (British Empire) Province of Massachusetts Bay 1692 (British Empire) Massachusetts 1776 (United States) 1820 Maine (United States)
Flag of Maryland.svg
Maryland
Native Americans Province of Maryland 1632 (British Empire) Maryland 1776 (United States)
Flag of Massachusetts.svg
Massachusetts
Native Americans Massachusetts Bay Colony 1628 (British Empire) Dominion of New England 1686 (British Empire) Massachusetts Bay Colony 1689 (British Empire) Province of Massachusetts Bay 1692 (British Empire) Massachusetts 1776 (United States)
Native Americans Plymouth Colony 1620 (British Empire) Plymouth Colony 1689 (British Empire)
Flag of Michigan.svg
Michigan
Native Americans 1534 Canada (France) 1763 Province of Quebec (British Empire) 1787 Northwest Territory (United States) 1800 Indiana Territory (United States) 1805 Michigan Territory (United States) 1837 Michigan (United States)
Flag of Minnesota.svg
Minnesota
Native Americans 1803 Louisiana Purchase (United States) 1805 Louisiana Territory (United States) 1812 Missouri Territory (United States) 1821 Unorganised Territory (United States) 1834 Michigan Territory (United States) 1836 Wisconsin Territory (United States) 1838 Iowa Territory (United States) 1846 Unorganised Territory (United States) 1849 Minnesota Territory (United States) 1858 Minnesota (United States)
Flag of Mississippi.svg
Mississippi
Native Americans 1732 Province of Georgia (British Empire) 1777 Georgia (United States) 1798 Mississippi Territory (United States) 1817 Mississippi (United States) 1861 Mississippi (Confederate States of America) 1863| Mississippi (United States)
Flag of Missouri.svg
Missouri
Native Americans 1803 Louisiana Purchase (United States) 1805 Louisiana Territory (United States) 1812 Missouri Territory (United States) 1821 Missouri (United States)
Flag of Montana.svg
Montana
Native Americans 1803 Louisiana Purchase (United States) 1805 Louisiana Territory (United States) 1812 Missouri Territory (United States) 1821 Unorganised territory (United States) 1854 Nebraska Territory (United States) 1861 Dakota Territory (United States) 1863 Idaho Territory (United States) 1864 Territory of Montana (United States) [22] 1889 Montana (United States)
Flag of Nebraska.svg
Nebraska
Native Americans 1682 Louisiana (France) 1762 Louisiana (Spain) 1802 Louisiana (France) 1805 Louisiana Territory (United States) 1812 Missouri Territory (United States) 1821 Unorganised territory (United States) 1854 Nebraska Territory (United States) 1867 Nebraska (United States)
Flag of Nevada.svg
Nevada
Native Americans 1768 New Spain (Spain) 1821 Alta California (Mexico) 1848 Mexican Cession (United States) 1850 Utah Territory (United States) 1861 Nevada Territory (United States) 1864 Nevada (United States)
Flag of New Hampshire.svg
New Hampshire
Native Americans 1622 Province of Maine (British Empire) Province of New Hampshire (British Empire) Massachusetts Bay Colony 1641 (British Empire) Province of New Hampshire 1680 (British Empire) Dominion of New England 1686 (British Empire) Province of New Hampshire 1689 (British Empire) 1776 New Hampshire (United States)
Flag of New Jersey.svg
New Jersey
Native Americans 1630 New Netherland (Dutch Republic) 1655 New Netherland (Dutch Republic) 1664 Province of New Jersey (British Empire) 1674 East Jersey (British Empire) 1702 Province of New Jersey (British Empire) 1776 Flag of New Jersey.svg New Jersey (United States)
Native Americans 1638 New Sweden (Sweden) 1674 West Jersey (British Empire)
Flag of New Mexico.svg
New Mexico
Native Americans 1598 New Spain (Spain) 1821 Santa Fe de Nuevo México (Mexico) 1846 U.S. provisional government of New Mexico (United States) 1850 New Mexico Territory (United States) 1912 Flag of New Mexico.svg New Mexico (United States)
Flag of New York.svg
New York
Native Americans 1614 New Netherland (Dutch Republic) 1667 Province of New York (British Empire) 1673 New Netherland (Dutch Republic) 1674 Province of New York (British Empire) 1776 New York (United States)
Flag of North Carolina.svg
North Carolina
Native Americans 1585 Roanoke Colony (British Empire) Native Americans 1609 Colony of Virginia (British Empire) 1629 Province of Carolina (British Empire) 1710 Province of North Carolina (British Empire) 1776 North Carolina (United States) 1861 North Carolina (Confederate States of America) 1865 North Carolina (United States)
Flag of North Dakota.svg
North Dakota
Native Americans 1833 Michigan Territory (United States) 1836 Wisconsin Territory (United States) 1838 Iowa Territory (United States) 1846 Unorganised territory (United States) 1849 Minnesota Territory (United States) 1858 Unorganised territory (United States) 1861 Dakota Territory (United States) 1889 North Dakota (United States)
Flag of Ohio.svg
Ohio
Native Americans 1534 Canada (France) 1763 Province of Quebec (British Empire) 1783 Northwest Territory (United States) 1803 Ohio (United States)
Flag of Oklahoma.svg
Oklahoma
Native Americans 1682 Louisiana (France) 1762 Louisiana (Spain) 1803 Louisiana Purchase (United States) 1804 Louisiana Territory (United States) 1812 Missouri Territory (United States) 1819 Arkansas Territory (United States) 1824 Unorganised Territory (United States) 1834 Indian Territory (United States) 1890 Indian Territory (United States) 1907 Oklahoma (United States)
1890 Oklahoma Territory (United States)
Flag of Oregon.svg
Oregon
Native Americans 1818 Oregon Country/Columbia District (United States/United Kingdom) 1843 Provisional Government of Oregon (United States) 1848 Oregon Territory (United States) 1859 Oregon (United States)
Flag of Pennsylvania.svg
Pennsylvania
Native Americans 1681 Province of Pennsylvania (England) 1776 Pennsylvania (United States)
Flag of Rhode Island.svg
Rhode Island
Native Americans 1636 Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations (British Empire) 1776 Rhode Island (United States)
Flag of South Carolina.svg
South Carolina
Native Americans 1629 Province of Carolina (British Empire) 1712 Province of South Carolina (British Empire) 1776 South Carolina (United States) 1861 South Carolina (Confederate States of America) 1865 South Carolina (United States)
Flag of South Dakota.svg
South Dakota
Native Americans 1803 Louisiana Purchase (United States) 1805 Louisiana Territory (United States) 1812 Missouri Territory (United States) 1821 Unorganised Territory (United States) 1834 Michigan Territory (United States) 1836 Wisconsin Territory (United States) 1838 Iowa Territory (United States) 1846 Unorganised Territory (United States) 1849 Minnesota Territory (United States) 1858 Unorganised territory (United States) 1861 Dakota Territory (United States) 1889 South Dakota (United States)
Flag of Tennessee.svg
Tennessee
Native Americans 1609 Colony of Virginia (British Empire) 1629 Province of Carolina (British Empire) 1710 Province of North Carolina (British Empire) 1776 North Carolina (United States) 1790 Southwest Territory (United States) 1796 Tennessee (United States) 1861 Tennessee (Confederate States of America) 1862 Tennessee (United States)
Flag of Texas.svg
Texas
Native Americans 1684 French Texas (France) 1690 Spanish Texas (Spain) 1821 Mexican Texas (Mexico) Flag of Texas.svg 1836 Republic of Texas Flag of Texas.svg 1845 Texas (United States) Flag of Texas.svg 1861 Texas (Confederate States of America) Flag of Texas.svg 1865 Texas (United States)
Flag of Utah.svg
Utah
Native Americans 1768 The Californias (Spain) 1805 Alta California (Spain) 1822 Alta California Territory (Mexico) 1846 Unorganised territory (United States) 1849 State of Deseret 1850 Utah Territory (United States) 1896 Utah (United States)
Flag of Vermont.svg
Vermont
Native Americans 1534 Canada (France) 1763 Red Ensign of Great Britain (1707-1800).svg Province of New York (Flag of Great Britain (1707–1800).svg Great Britain) 1777 Flag of the Vermont Republic.svg Vermont Republic 1791 Flag of Vermont.svg Vermont (United States)
Flag of Virginia.svg
Virginia
Virginia Indians 1607 Colony of Virginia (British Empire) 1776 Flag of Virginia.svg Virginia (United States) 1861 Virginia Flag of Virginia.svg (Flag of the Confederate States of America (March 1861 – May 1861).svg Confederate States of America) 1865 Virginia Flag of Virginia.svg (United States)
Flag of Washington.svg
Washington
Native Americans 1818 Oregon Country/Columbia District (United States/British Empire) 1843 Provisional Government of Oregon 1848 Oregon Territory (United States) 1853 Washington Territory (United States) 1889 Washington (United States)
Flag of West Virginia.svg
West Virginia
Virginia Indians 1607 Colony of Virginia (British Empire) 1776 Flag of Virginia.svg Virginia (United States) 1863 Flag of West Virginia.svg West Virginia (United States)
Flag of Wisconsin.svg
Wisconsin
Native Americans 1534 Canada (France) 1763 Province of Quebec (British Empire) 1787 Northwest Territory (United States) 1800 Indiana Territory (United States) 1809 Illinois Territory (United States) 1818 Michigan Territory (United States) 1836 Wisconsin Territory (United States) 1848 Wisconsin (United States)
Flag of Wyoming.svg
Wyoming
Native Americans 1682 Louisiana (France) 1762 Louisiana (Spain) 1800 Louisiana (France) 1803 Louisiana Purchase (United States) 1805 Louisiana Territory (United States) 1812 Missouri Territory (United States) 1821 Unorganised Territory (United States) 1854 Nebraska Territory (United States) 1863 Idaho Territory (United States) 1864 Dakota Territory (United States) 1868 Territory of Wyoming (United States) 1890 Flag of Wyoming.svg Wyoming (United States)
Flag of the District of Columbia.svg
District of Columbia
Native Americans 1632 Province of Maryland (British Empire) 1776 Flag of Maryland.svg Maryland (United States) 1790 Flag of the District of Columbia.svg District of Columbia (United States)
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg
Puerto Rico
New Spain Flag of Puerto Rico.svg 1898 Puerto Rico (United States)
Flag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg
United States Virgin Islands
Danish West India Company 1671 (Denmark) Danish West Indies 1755 (Denmark)[23] Flag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg United States Virgin Islands 1917 (United States)
Current Sovereign States / Decades before 1500 1510 1520 1530 1540 1550 1560 1570 1580 1590 1600 1610 1620 1630 1640 1650 1660 1670 1680 1690 1700 1710 1720 1730 1740 1750 1760 1770 1780 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ ’Unorganised territory’ was not an official name, rather it referred to any United States territory without an official name.
  2. ^ Colorado at this point in time was split between the Kansas Territory, Utah Territory, Nebraska Territory and the New Mexico Territory, with the majority being within the Kansas Territory.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Antigua and Barbuda". WORLD STATESMEN.org. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  2. ^ a b "The West Indies Federation". CARICOM. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  3. ^ "Antigua and Barbuda". CARICOM. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  4. ^ "Our History". The Islands Of The Bahamas. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  5. ^ a b c "Bahamas". WORLD STATESMEN.org. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d "Barbados". WORLD STATESMEN.org. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d "Belize". WORLD STATESMEN.org. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  8. ^ a b "Belize profile - Timeline". BBC News. BCC. 1 November 2015. Retrieved 16 December 2016.
  9. ^ "British Columbia Timeline". worldatlas.com. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  10. ^ a b c Brendan Anthony O'Grady; Barry Moody (26 November 2013). "Nova Scotia". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, inc. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  11. ^ "New Brunswick History". Government of New Brunswick. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  12. ^ a b c d e "Island Information: Historical Milestones". Prince Edward Island. Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  13. ^ Horváth, Zoltán (12 August 2013). "Central America - Historical Unions and Federations". Flags Of The World. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  14. ^ a b "Haiti profile - Timeline". BBC News. BBC. 12 October 2016. Retrieved 16 December 2016.
  15. ^ a b "Haiti". WORLD STATEMEN.org. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  16. ^ a b c d "Jamaica". WORLD STATESMEN.org. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  17. ^ a b c "Mexico". WORLD STATESMEN.org. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Saint kitts and Nevis". WORLD STATESMEN.org. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  19. ^ "St Lucia country profile". BBC News. BBC. 7 June 2016. Retrieved 16 December 2016.
  20. ^ a b c d e Ramerini, Marco. "Dutch and Courlanders on Tobago. A history of the first settlements 1628-1677". Colonial Voyage. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  21. ^ a b c d "Timeline of Alaska's History". Alaska Public Lands Information Centers. Retrieved 27 June 2016.
  22. ^ "BRIEF HISTORY OF MONTANA". montana.gov. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
  23. ^ "A Brief History of the Danish West Indies, 1666-1917". Virgin Islands history. Danish National Archives. Retrieved 27 June 2016.