Timeline of sovereign states in Oceania

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This timeline lists all sovereign states and dependencies in Oceania, both current and defunct, from the year 1750 onwards.

Timeline[edit]

Current Sovereign States / Decades before 1750 1760 1770 1780 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
Flag of Australia.svg
Australia
Flag of New South Wales.svg
New South Wales
Australian Aboriginal nations Flag of New South Wales.svg 1788 Colony of New South Wales (Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Empire)[1] Flag of New South Wales.svg 1901 New South Wales (Flag of Australia.svg Australia)[2]
Flag of Queensland.svg
Queensland
Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander nations Flag of New South Wales.svg 1823 Colony of New South Wales (Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Empire)[1] Flag of Queensland.svg 1859 Colony of Queensland (Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Empire)[1] Flag of Queensland.svg 1901 Queensland (Flag of Australia.svg Australia)[2]
Flag of South Australia.svg
South Australia
Australian Aboriginal nations Flag of South Australia.svg 1834 Colony of South Australia (Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Empire)[1] Flag of South Australia.svg 1901 South Australia (Flag of Australia.svg Australia)[2]
Flag of Tasmania.svg
Tasmania
Aboriginal Tasmanian nations Flag of New South Wales.svg 1803 Colony of New South Wales (Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Empire)[1] Flag of Tasmania.svg 1825 Colony of Tasmania (Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Empire)[1] Flag of Tasmania.svg 1901 Tasmania (Flag of Australia.svg Australia)[2]
Flag of Victoria (Australia).svg
Victoria
Aboriginal Australian nations Flag of New South Wales.svg 1803 Colony of New South Wales (Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Empire)[1] Flag of Victoria (Australia).svg 1851 Colony of Victoria (Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Empire)[1] Flag of Victoria (Australia).svg 1901 Victoria (Flag of Australia.svg Australia)[2]
Flag of Western Australia.svg
Western Australia
Aboriginal Australian nations Flag of Western Australia.svg 1829 Colony of Western Australia (Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Empire)[1] Flag of Western Australia.svg 1901 Western Australia (Flag of Australia.svg Australia)[2]
Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
Flag of Rapa Nui, Chile.svg
Easter Island
Rapa Nui Flag of Rapa Nui, Chile.svg 1888 Easter Island (Flag of Chile.svg Chile)[3]
Flag of Fiji.svg
Fiji
Fijians Flag of the Kingdom of Fiji (1871-1874).svg 1871 Kingdom of Fiji[4] Flag of Fiji (1924–1970).svg 1874 Colony of Fiji (Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Empire)[5] Flag of Fiji.svg 1970 Fiji[5]
Flag of France.svg
France
Flag of FLNKS.svg
New Caledonia
Kanak Flag of France.svg/Flag of FLNKS.svg 1853 New Caledonia (Flag of France.svg France)[6]
Flag of French Polynesia.svg
French Polynesia
Polynesians Flag of the Kingdom of Tahiti.svg 1788 Kingdom of Tahiti[7] Flag of the Kingdom of Tahiti.svg 1842 Kingdom of Tahiti (Flag of France.svg France[notes 1])[8] Flag of French Polynesia.svg 1880 French Polynesia (Flag of France.svg France)[8]
Flag of Indonesia.svg
Indonesia
Flag of Maluku.png
Maluku
Flag of the Dutch East India Company.svg Dutch East India Company rule (Kingdom of the Netherlands)[9] Flag of the Netherlands.svg 1800 Dutch East Indies (Kingdom of the Netherlands)[10] Flag of Maluku.png 1949 Maluku (Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia)[11] Flag of Maluku.png 1999 Maluku (Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia)
Flag of North Maluku.png
North Maluku
Flag of North Maluku.png 1999 North Maluku (Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia)[12]
Flag of Papua.svg
Papua
Papuans Morning Star flag.svg 1949 Netherlands New Guinea (Kingdom of the Netherlands)[13] Flag of Indonesia.svg 1963 Irian Jaya (Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia) Flag of Papua.svg 2003 Papua (Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia)
Flag of West Papua (vectorised).svg
West Papua
Flag of West Papua (vectorised).svg 2003 West Papua (Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia)[14]
Flag of Kiribati.svg
Kiribati
Micronesian Flag of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands (1937–1976).svg 1892 Gilbert and Ellice Islands (British Empire)[15] Flag of Tuvalu.svg 1979 Kiribati[15]
Flag of the Marshall Islands.svg
Marshall Islands
Flag of Spain.svg Spanish East Indies (Spain)[16] German new guinea flag.svg 1884 German New Guinea (German Empire) Flag of Japan (1870–1999).svg 1919 South Pacific Mandate (Empire of Japan) Flag of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.svg 1947 Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (Flag of the United States.svg United States) Flag of the Marshall Islands.svg 1986 Marshall Islands
Flag of the Federated States of Micronesia.svg
Micronesia
Flag of Spain.svg Spanish East Indies (Spain)[16] German new guinea flag.svg 1899 German New Guinea (German Empire) Flag of Japan (1870–1999).svg 1919 South Pacific Mandate (Empire of Japan) Flag of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.svg 1947 Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (Flag of the United States.svg United States) Flag of the Federated States of Micronesia.svg 1986 Micronesia[17]
Flag of Nauru.svg
Nauru
Nauruans German new guinea flag.svg 1888 German New Guinea Flag of the United Kingdom.svg 1923 Mandate of Nauru (Australia, New Zealand, United Kingdom) Civil Ensign of Australia.svg 1947 Trust Territory of Nauru (Australia [notes 2])[18] Flag of Nauru.svg 1968 Nauru[19]
Flag of New Zealand.svg
Realm of New Zealand
Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
Maori Flag of New Zealand.svg 1840 Colony of New Zealand (British Empire Flag of New Zealand.svg 1907 New Zealand[20]
Flag of Tokelau.svg
Tokelau
1877 Tokelau (British Empire) Flag of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands (1937–1976).svg 1916 Gilbert and Ellice Islands (British Empire) Flag of Tokelau.svg 1926 Tokelau (Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand)
Flag of the Cook Islands.svg
Cook Islands
Cook Islands Maori Flag of Rarotonga 1858-1888.svg 1858 Kingdom of Rarotonga Flag of Rarotonga 1888-1893.svg 1888 Kingdom of Rarotonga (British Empire) Flag of the Cook Islands Federation.svg 1893 Cook Islands Federation (British Empire) Flag of the Cook Islands.svg 1901 Cook Islands (New Zealand)[21] Flag of the Cook Islands.svg 1965 Cook Islands[notes 3]
Flag of Niue.svg
Niue
Polynesians Flag of New Zealand.svg 1901 New Zealand Flag of Niue.svg 1974 Niue[notes 4]
Flag of Palau.svg
Palau
Flag of Spain.svg Spanish East Indies (Spain)[16] German new guinea flag.svg 1899 German New Guinea (German Empire) Flag of Japan (1870–1999).svg 1919 South Pacific Mandate (Empire of Japan) Flag of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.svg 1947 Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (Flag of the United States.svg United States) Flag of Palau.svg 1994 Palau[18]
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg
Papua New Guinea
Papuans German new guinea flag.svg 1884 German New Guinea (Flag of the German Empire.svg German Empire) Flag of the Territory of New Guinea.svg 1919 Territory of New Guinea (Flag of Australia.svg Australia) Flag of Papua New Guinea 1970.svg 1949 Territory of Papua and New Guinea (Flag of Australia.svg Australia) Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg 1975 Papua New Guinea [18]
Flag of the Territory of Papua.svg 1884 Territory of Papua (British Empire) Flag of the Territory of Papua.svg 1902 Territory of Papua (Flag of Australia.svg Australia)
Flag of Samoa.svg
Samoa
Pre-colonial Samoa Reichskolonialflagge.svg 1900 German Samoa (Flag of the German Empire.svg German Empire) Flag of the Samoa Trust Territory.svg 1920 Western Samoa Trust Territory (Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand)[18] Flag of Samoa.svg 1962 Samoa
Flag of the Solomon Islands.svg
Solomon Islands
German new guinea flag.svg 1885 German New Guinea (German Empire) Flag of the Solomon Islands (1956–1966).svg 1900 British Solomon Islands (British Empire) Flag of the Solomon Islands.svg 1978 Solomon Islands
Flag of Tonga.svg
Tonga
Royal Standard of Tonga.svg Tu'i Tonga Empire Flag of Tonga.svg 1865 Kingdom of Tonga Flag of Tonga.svg 1900 Kingdom of Tonga (British Empire [notes 5]) Flag of Tonga.svg 1970 Tonga
Flag of Tuvalu.svg
Tuvalu
Polynesian Flag of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands (1937–1976).svg 1892 Gilbert and Ellice Islands (British Empire)[15] Flag of Tuvalu.svg 1978 Tuvalu[22]
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
Flag of American Samoa.svg
American Samoa
Pre-colonial Samoa Flag of American Samoa.svg 1900 American Samoa (United States)
Flag of Guam.svg
Guam
Flag of Spain (1785–1873, 1875–1931).svg Spanish East Indies (Kingdom of Spain)[16] Flag of Guam.svg 1898 Guam (Flag of the United States.svg United States)[23]
Flag of Hawaii.svg
Hawaii
Ancient Hawaii Flag of Hawaii (1816).svg 1810 Kingdom of Hawaii[24] Flag of Hawaii (1896).svg 1894 Republic of Hawaii Flag of Hawaii.svg 1898 Territory of Hawaii (Flag of the United States.svg United States of America)[25] Flag of Hawaii.svg 1959 Hawaii (Flag of the United States.svg United States)[25]
Flag of the Northern Mariana Islands.svg
Northern Mariana Islands
Flag of Spain (1785–1873, 1875–1931).svg Spanish East Indies (Kingdom of Spain)[16] German new guinea flag.svg 1898 German New Guinea (German Empire) Flag of Japan (1870–1999).svg 1919 South Pacific Mandate (Empire of Japan) Flag of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.svg 1947 Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (Flag of the United States.svg United States) Flag of the Northern Mariana Islands.svg 1986 Northern Marianas Islands (Flag of the United States.svg United States)
Flag of Wake Island.svg
Wake Island
Flag of Wake Island.svg 1899 Wake Island (United States)
Flag of Vanuatu.svg
Vanuatu
Melanesian Flag of Franceville.svg 1887 Anglo-French Joint Naval Commission (France/British Empire) Flag of New Hebrides.svg 1906 New Hebrides (France/Britain)[26] Flag of Vanuatu.svg 1980 Vanuatu
Current Sovereign States / Decades before 1750 1760 1770 1780 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
Empires/Colonialists/Trustees
Flag of Australia.svg Australia
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Empire/United Kingdom
Flag of France.svg France
Flag of Germany.svg German Empire/Germany
Flag of Japan.svg Empire of Japan/Japan
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands
Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand
Flag of Spain.svg Spain
Flag of the United States.svg United States of America

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Kingdom of Tahiti became a French protectorate during this period, with France formally annexing French Polynesia in 1880.
  2. ^ Officially, Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom were co-trustees, but in practice Australia administered the territory.
  3. ^ The Cook Islands became a self-governing state in free association with New Zealand in 1965. New Zealand is responsible for defense and most of the Cook Islands' foreign relations, and both countries share a Head of State.
  4. ^ Niue became a self-governing state in free association with New Zealand in 1974. New Zealand is responsible for defense and most of Niue's foreign relations, and both countries share a Head of State.
  5. ^ The Kingdom of Tonga was a British protectorate during this period, and never relinquished independence. Thus, the Kingdom formed in 1865 is the same as today, with no breaks.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Convicts and the British colonies in Australia". australia.gov.au. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Federation". australia.gov.au. Retrieved 19 June 2016. Australia became an independent nation on 1 January 1901 when the British Parliament passed legislation allowing the six Australian colonies to govern in their own right as part of the Commonwealth of Australia.
  3. ^ "Easter Island Timeline". worldatlas. worldatlas.com. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
  4. ^ "Fiji's Chiefs and Rulers 1700s to date". FijiBure.com. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
  5. ^ a b "About Fiji". Fiji High Commission to the United Kingdom. Fiji High Commission to the United Kingdom. Retrieved 19 June 2016. After Fiji was ceded to Great Britain in 1874, epidemics nearly wiped out the population and it seemed as if the natives were doomed. But the colonial government took the Fijians side. Land sales were forbidden, health campaigns implemented and the population picked up again. Theirs was not, of course, the culture of the heathen ‘golden age’, but one modified by the new religion and increasingly the new economic order. Yet in today’s Fiji, independent since 1970, a surprising amount has survived.
  6. ^ "History". Nouvelle Caledonia. Tourism New Caledonia. Retrieved 19 June 2016. On the orders of Napoleon III, and carried out by Counter-Admiral Febvrier Despointes, New Caledonia became a French colony on September 24, 1853.
  7. ^ Muscato, Christopher. "History of Tahiti". Study.com. Retrieved 22 June 2016. The Kingdom of Tahiti would last almost a century, from roughly 1788 to 1880.
  8. ^ a b West, Francis James (2016). "French Polynesia - History". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
  9. ^ "The Dutch East India Company (VOC): Indonesian Chapter". INDONEO. Tiket2. Retrieved 22 June 2016. By 1699, VOC lands claimed stretched from Sumatra and Ternate to Maluku and beyond.
  10. ^ "Colonial Period of Indonesia". Indonesia Investments. Van der Schaar Investments B.V. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  11. ^ "History of Indonesia". Lonely Planet. Lonely Planet. Retrieved 22 June 2016. On 27 December 1949 the Indonesian flag was raised at Jakarta’s Istana Merdeka (Freedom Palace) as power was officially handed over.
  12. ^ Alhadar, Smith (July 2000). "The forgotten war in North Maluku". Inside Indonesia. Indonesian Resources and Information Program (IRIP). Retrieved 22 June 2016. Just as the administrative wheels began to turn in mid-1999 to split off North Maluku as a province of its own, the conflict began to escalate.
  13. ^ Sebastian, Leonard C.; Syailendra, Emirza Adi (12 June 2015). "Can Jokowi Bring Peace to West Papua?". The Diplomat. James Pach. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  14. ^ Resosudarmo, Budy P.; Mollet, Julius Ary; Kaiwai, Hans; Raya, Umbu Reku. "Development in Papua after Special Autonomy" (PDF). Crawford School of Public Policy ANU College of Asia & the Pacific. The Australian National University. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  15. ^ a b c Luscombe, Stephen. "Gilbert Islands". The British Empire. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  16. ^ a b c d e "Spanish East Indies, 1565-1898". World History at KMLA. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  17. ^ "FSM History". Government of the Federated States of Micronesia. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  18. ^ a b c d "Trust Territories that have achieved self-determination". United Nations. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  19. ^ Phillips, Keri (11 March 2014). "How Nauru threw it all away". ABC Radio National. ABC. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  20. ^ "Dominion status". New Zealand History. New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  21. ^ "History of the Cook Islands". Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  22. ^ "Tuvalu : History". The Commonwealth. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  23. ^ "Culture of Guam". Countries and their Cultures. Advameg, Inc. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  24. ^ "Political History". Hawaiian Kingdom. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  25. ^ a b "Hawaii". HISTORY.com. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  26. ^ "Vanuatu : History". The Commonwealth. Retrieved 22 June 2016.