Timeline of sovereign states in Oceania
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- The Kingdom of Tahiti became a French protectorate during this period, with France formally annexing French Polynesia in 1880.
- Officially, Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom were co-trustees, but in practice Australia administered the territory.
- The Cook Islands became a self-governing state in free association with New Zealand in 1965. New Zealand is responsible for defense and most of the Cook Islands' foreign relations, and both countries share a Head of State.
- Niue became a self-governing state in free association with New Zealand in 1974. New Zealand is responsible for defense and most of Niue's foreign relations, and both countries share a Head of State.
- The Kingdom of Tonga was a British protectorate during this period, and never relinquished independence. Thus, the Kingdom formed in 1865 is the same as today, with no breaks.
- List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Oceania
- List of sovereign states by date of formation
- List of predecessors of sovereign states in Oceania
- Timeline of sovereign states in Europe
- "Convicts and the British colonies in Australia". australia.gov.au. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
- "Federation". australia.gov.au. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
Australia became an independent nation on 1 January 1901 when the British Parliament passed legislation allowing the six Australian colonies to govern in their own right as part of the Commonwealth of Australia.
- "Easter Island Timeline". worldatlas. worldatlas.com. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
- "Fiji's Chiefs and Rulers 1700s to date". FijiBure.com. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
- "About Fiji". Fiji High Commission to the United Kingdom. Fiji High Commission to the United Kingdom. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
After Fiji was ceded to Great Britain in 1874, epidemics nearly wiped out the population and it seemed as if the natives were doomed. But the colonial government took the Fijians side. Land sales were forbidden, health campaigns implemented and the population picked up again. Theirs was not, of course, the culture of the heathen ‘golden age’, but one modified by the new religion and increasingly the new economic order. Yet in today’s Fiji, independent since 1970, a surprising amount has survived.
- "History". Nouvelle Caledonia. Tourism New Caledonia. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
On the orders of Napoleon III, and carried out by Counter-Admiral Febvrier Despointes, New Caledonia became a French colony on September 24, 1853.
- Muscato, Christopher. "History of Tahiti". Study.com. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
The Kingdom of Tahiti would last almost a century, from roughly 1788 to 1880.
- West, Francis James (2016). "French Polynesia - History". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
- "The Dutch East India Company (VOC): Indonesian Chapter". INDONEO. Tiket2. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
By 1699, VOC lands claimed stretched from Sumatra and Ternate to Maluku and beyond.
- "Colonial Period of Indonesia". Indonesia Investments. Van der Schaar Investments B.V. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "History of Indonesia". Lonely Planet. Lonely Planet. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
On 27 December 1949 the Indonesian flag was raised at Jakarta’s Istana Merdeka (Freedom Palace) as power was officially handed over.
- Alhadar, Smith (July 2000). "The forgotten war in North Maluku". Inside Indonesia. Indonesian Resources and Information Program (IRIP). Retrieved 22 June 2016.
Just as the administrative wheels began to turn in mid-1999 to split off North Maluku as a province of its own, the conflict began to escalate.
- Sebastian, Leonard C.; Syailendra, Emirza Adi (12 June 2015). "Can Jokowi Bring Peace to West Papua?". The Diplomat. James Pach. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- Resosudarmo, Budy P.; Mollet, Julius Ary; Kaiwai, Hans; Raya, Umbu Reku. "Development in Papua after Special Autonomy" (PDF). Crawford School of Public Policy ANU College of Asia & the Pacific. The Australian National University. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- Luscombe, Stephen. "Gilbert Islands". The British Empire. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "Spanish East Indies, 1565-1898". World History at KMLA. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "FSM History". Government of the Federated States of Micronesia. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "Trust Territories that have achieved self-determination". United Nations. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- Phillips, Keri (11 March 2014). "How Nauru threw it all away". ABC Radio National. ABC. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "Dominion status". New Zealand History. New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "History of the Cook Islands". Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "Tuvalu : History". The Commonwealth. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "Culture of Guam". Countries and their Cultures. Advameg, Inc. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "Political History". Hawaiian Kingdom. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "Hawaii". HISTORY.com. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "Vanuatu : History". The Commonwealth. Retrieved 22 June 2016.