Timeline of the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic from November 2019 to January 2020

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This article documents the chronology and epidemiology of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2),[1] the virus responsible for the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic originating in Wuhan, China. Some developments may become known or fully understood only in retrospect. (This omnibus timeline is divided into monthly sections and articles: This chronological section covers November 2019 to January 2020, the next one covers February 2020, and so on.)

Case statistics[edit]

Animated map of confirmed COVID-19 cases from 12 January to 29 February 2020.
Date when first case in each first-level administration was reported
COVID-19 cases in mainland China  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Tested        Clinically diagnosed (C.D.)        Tested or C.D.

Dec Dec Jan Jan Feb Feb Mar Mar Apr Apr Last 15 days Last 15 days

Date
# of cases
(excluding C.D.)
# of cases
(including C.D.)
2019-12-31
27(n.a.)
27(=)
2020-01-03
44(+63%)
2020-01-04
44(=)
2020-01-05
59(+34%)
2020-01-10
41(n.a.)
41(=)
2020-01-16
45(+9.7%)
2020-01-17
62(+38%)
2020-01-18
121(+95%)
2020-01-19
198(+64%)
2020-01-20
291(+47%)
2020-01-21
440(+51%)
2020-01-22
571(+30%)
2020-01-23
830(+45%)
2020-01-24
1,287(+55%)
2020-01-25
1,975(+53%)
2020-01-26
2,744(+39%)
2020-01-27
4,515(+64%)
2020-01-28
5,974(+32%)
2020-01-29
7,711(+29%)
2020-01-30
9,692(+26%)
2020-01-31
11,791(+22%)
2020-02-01
14,380(+22%)
2020-02-02
17,205(+20%)
2020-02-03
20,438(+19%)
2020-02-04
24,324(+19%)
2020-02-05
28,018(+15%)
2020-02-06
31,161(+11%)
2020-02-07
34,546(+11%)
2020-02-08
37,198(+7.7%)
2020-02-09
40,171(+8.0%)
2020-02-10
42,638(+6.1%) 48,315(n.a.)
2020-02-11
44,653(+4.7%) 55,220(+14%)
2020-02-12
46,472(+4.1%) 58,761(+6.4%)
2020-02-13
48,467(+4.3%) 63,851(+8.7%)
2020-02-14
49,970(+3.1%) 66,492(+4.1%)
2020-02-15
51,091(+2.2%) 68,500(+3.0%)
2020-02-16
70,548(+3.0%)
2020-02-17
72,436(+2.7%)
2020-02-18
74,185(+2.4%)
2020-02-19
75,002(+1.1%)
2020-02-20
75,891(+1.2%)
2020-02-21
76,288(+0.52%)
2020-02-22
76,936(+0.85%)
2020-02-23
77,150(+0.28%)
2020-02-24
77,658(+0.66%)
2020-02-25
78,064(+0.52%)
2020-02-26
78,497(+0.55%)
2020-02-27
78,824(+0.42%)
2020-02-28
79,251(+0.54%)
2020-02-29
79,824(+0.72%)
2020-03-01
80,026(+0.25%)
2020-03-02
80,151(+0.16%)
2020-03-03
80,270(+0.15%)
2020-03-04
80,409(+0.17%)
2020-03-05
80,552(+0.18%)
2020-03-06
80,651(+0.12%)
2020-03-07
80,695(+0.05%)
2020-03-08
80,735(+0.05%)
2020-03-09
80,754(+0.02%)
2020-03-10
80,778(+0.03%)
2020-03-11
80,793(+0.02%)
2020-03-12
80,813(+0.02%)
2020-03-13
80,824(+0.01%)
2020-03-14
80,844(+0.02%)
2020-03-15
80,860(+0.02%)
2020-03-16
80,881(+0.02%)
2020-03-17
80,894(+0.02%)
2020-03-18
80,928(+0.04%)
2020-03-19
80,967(+0.05%)
2020-03-20
81,008(+0.05%)
2020-03-21
81,054(+0.06%)
2020-03-22
81,093(+0.05%)
2020-03-23
81,171(+0.10%)
2020-03-24
81,218(+0.06%)
2020-03-25
81,285(+0.08%)
2020-03-26
81,340(+0.07%)
2020-03-27
81,394(+0.06%)
2020-03-28
81,439(+0.06%)
2020-03-29
81,470(+0.04%)
2020-03-30
81,518(+0.06%)
2020-03-31
81,554(+0.04%)
2020-04-01
81,589(+0.04%)
From 10 February 2020 onwards, the data includes the cases in Hubei that were not tested for the virus but clinically diagnosed based on medical imaging showing signs of pneumonia.[2]
The lab-tested data was also separately available for 10–15 February 2020.[3]
Data from 16 February 2020 onwards did not include a separate number of lab-tested cases.
From 19 February 2020 onwards, only new lab-tested cases were counted towards the total (but clinically diagnosed cases counted earlier were not discarded).[4]
Data sourced from NHC daily reports. (In another link before January 25, on Wuhan MHC website before January 10)

Pandemic chronology[edit]

Semi-log plot of cumulative incidence of confirmed cases and deaths in China and the rest of the world.[5][6]
Semi-log plot of daily incidence (epidemiology) of cases by region: Hubei Province; mainland China excluding Hubei; the rest of the world (ROW); and the world total.[5][7]
Semi-log plot of coronavirus daily deaths by region: Hubei Province; mainland China excluding Hubei; the rest of the world (ROW); and the world total.[5][6]

17 November 2019[edit]

According to a report quoted by SCMP on 13 March 2020, a 55-year-old man, a confirmed case of the novel coronavirus, may have contracted the disease on 17 November 2019,[8] but the case was not recognized at the time. No scientific paper has yet been published about such pre-December cases.

1 December[edit]

The next confirmed patient started experiencing symptoms on 1 December 2019. He had not been to the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market of Wuhan. No epidemiological link could be found between this case and later cases.[9][10][11][12]

2 December[edit]

A 51-year-old Dongguan doctor suddenly had a cough and fever and was hospitalised on 2 December 2019, the first known hospitalisation caused by the pneumonia with unknown etiology. Upon examination, he was found to have a lung infection, severe pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and allergic purpura. No epidemiological link could be found between this case and later cases.[13]

10 December[edit]

Prior to publication of the previous cases, a 57-year-old seafood merchant working at the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market was considered to be the first patient, for example in a 6 March 2020 report by The Wall Street Journal.[14][15]

12 December[edit]

The Chinese state broadcaster CCTV reported in a broadcast on 9 January 2020 that the "new viral outbreak was first detected in the city of Wuhan, China," on 12 December 2019.[16]

18–29 December[edit]

Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BAL) that was eventually used for viral genome sequencing was collected from hospital patients between the 18th and 29th of December. Between the 20th and 29th of December, members of the Wuhan Institute of Virology and others reported and published a report on seven cases of people with severe pneumonia who were admitted to the intensive care unit of the Wuhan Jin Yin-Tan Hospital at the beginning of the outbreak. Their samples were sent to the laboratory at the Wuhan Institute of Virology for the diagnosis of the causative pathogen. Patient ICU-01 was not proven to be linked to the Wuhan Seafood Market, but the other six were either sellers or deliverymen at the market.[17][18][19]

21 December[edit]

On 20 January 2020, Chinese epidemiologists with the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CCDC) published an article stating that the first cluster of patients with "pneumonia of an unknown cause" occurred beginning on 21 December 2019.[20]

25 December[edit]

According to a post at China Youth Daily, Wuhan Fifth Hospital gastroenterology director Lu Xiaohong reported suspected infection by hospital staff on 25 December.[21]

26–27 December[edit]

Zhang Jixian, director of the Department of Respiratory and Critical Care at Hubei Provincial Hospital of Integrated Chinese & Western Medicine, examined an elderly couple who presented themselves at the hospital with fever and cough on 26 December 2019. Having observed that CT scans of their chests showed a different pattern from other viral pneumonias, she asked the couple's son to undergo a scan and found the same pattern, although he had no symptoms. Another patient, a merchant from the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market, also arrived at the hospital with fever and cough that day. Zhang, having conducted tests to rule out known respiratory ailments and believing this to be an infectious disease, reported the four cases to her superiors at the hospital on 27 December 2019.[22]

28–29 December[edit]

During the following two days, Hubei Provincial received three similar cases, all associated with the seafood market. On 29 December, hospital administration convened a multi-departmental panel of doctors who concluded the cases were unusual and required special attention, whereupon they reported their findings to the provincial CDC.[22] Wuhan CDC staff initiated a field investigation and found additional patients with similar symptoms who were linked to the market. (According to a CCDC publication, the initial admissions to Hubei Provincial Hospital occurred on 29 December.)[23]

30 December[edit]

On the afternoon of 30 December 2019, an "urgent notice on the treatment of pneumonia of unknown cause" was issued by the Wuhan Municipal Health Committee on its Weibo social media account.[24][25][26] There had been "a successive series of patients with unexplained pneumonia recently"—27 suspected cases in total, seven of which were in critical condition and 18 were stable, two of which were on the verge of being discharged soon.[24] The Wuhan Municipal Health Committee reported to the WHO that 27 people had been diagnosed with pneumonia of unknown cause.[25] Most were stallholders from the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market, seven of whom were in critical condition. The Wuhan Municipal Health Commission also made a public announcement regarding the situation.[27]

On 30 December 2019, genetic sequencing report of the pathogen of a patient indicated inaccurately the discovery of Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS coronavirus) in the test result.[18] After receiving the test result, multiple doctors in Wuhan shared the information via internet, including Li Wenliang, an ophthalmologist at Wuhan Central Hospital, who posted a warning to alumni from his medical school class via a WeChat group that a cluster of seven patients treating within the ophthalmology department had been unsuccessfully treated for symptoms of viral pneumonia and diagnosed with SARS.[28][29][18] Because these patients did not respond to traditional treatments, they were quarantined in an ER department of the Wuhan Central Hospital.[30] In the WeChat post, Li erroneously posted that "X Hospital has many confirmed cases of SARS" and "There had been 7 confirmed cases of SARS".[31] Li posted a snippet of an RNA analysis finding "SARS coronavirus" and extensive bacteria colonies in a patient's airways.[32] Li contracted this coronavirus from a patient he treated, was hospitalised on 12 January 2020 and died on 7 February 2020.[33]

News of an outbreak of "pneumonia of unknown origin" started circulating on social media on the evening of 30 December 2019.[34][35][36] The social media reports stated that 27 patients in Wuhan—most of them stall holders at the Huanan Seafood Market—had been treated for the mystery illness.[36]

Early investigations into the cause of the pneumonia ruled out seasonal flu, SARS, MERS and bird flu.[37][38]

Hong Kong Secretary for Food and Health Sophia Chan Siu-chee announced after an urgent night-time meeting with officials and experts, "[any suspected cases] including the presentation of fever and acute respiratory illness or pneumonia, and travel history to Wuhan within 14 days before onset of symptoms, we will put the patients in isolation."[36]

31 December[edit]

On 31 December 2019, China contacts the WHO and informs them of "cases of pneumonia of unknown etiology (unknown cause) detected in Wuhan"[39]

An "urgent notice on the treatment of pneumonia of unknown cause" was issued to the Wuhan Municipal Health Center.[40]

As a result of the official announcement of the Wuhan Municipal Health Commission, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan immediately tightened their inbound screening processes.[41][42]

Qu Shiqian, a vendor at the Huanan Seafood Market, said government officials had disinfected the premises on 31 December 2019 and told stallholders to wear masks. Qu said he had only learnt of the pneumonia outbreak from media reports. "Previously I thought they had flu," he said. "It should be not serious. We are fish traders. How can we get infected?"[36]

"Chinese state television reported that a team of experts from the National Health Commission had arrived in Wuhan on 31 December 2019 to lead the investigation, while the People's Daily said the exact cause remained unclear and it would be premature to speculate."[35][36][43] Chinese state broadcaster CCTV reported that a team of senior health experts had been dispatched to the city of Wuhan and were reported to be "conducting relevant inspection and verification work."[24]

Tao Lina, a public health expert and former official with Shanghai's Centre for disease control and prevention, said, "I think we are [now] quite capable of killing it in the beginning phase, given China's disease control system, emergency handling capacity and clinical medicine support."[36]

1 January 2020[edit]

According to information reported by the South China Morning Post on 13 March 2020, Chinese authorities had, by that date, identified 266 people who had been infected before the beginning of 2020.[8][44][45][46]

According to the Chinese state-sponsored Xinhua News, the Huanan Seafood Market was closed on 1 January 2020 for "regulation."[30] However, in the Consortium's report of 24 January 2020, it was stated that the Huanan Seafood Market had been closed on 1 January 2020 for "cleaning and disinfection. However the virus could only stay on surfaces for so long so this was useless"[41]

2 January[edit]

On 2 January, 41 admitted hospital patients in Wuhan, China, were confirmed to have contracted (laboratory-confirmed) the 2019-nCoV (Novel coronavirus); 27 (66%) patients had direct exposure to Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market.[9] All 41 patients were subsequently relocated from the hospital they had originally been diagnosed in to the Jinyintan Hospital in Wuhan, China.[9]

3 January[edit]

On 3 January 2020, Chinese scientists at the National Institute of Viral Disease Control and Prevention (IVDC) determined the genetic sequence of the novel β-genus coronaviruses (naming it '2019-nCoV') from specimens collected from patients in Wuhan, China, and three distinct strains were established.[23]

Health authorities in Wuhan reported 44 cases, a big jump from the 27 reported on Tuesday. Eleven of the 44 were seriously ill, the Wuhan Municipal Health Commission said, although there had been no reported deaths to date. The health of the 121 close contacts of the cases was being monitored.[47]

On 3 January 2020, Li Wenliang, a Wuhan ophthalmologist, was summoned to the Wuhan Public Security Bureau where he was told to sign an official confession and admonition letter promising to cease spreading false "rumors" regarding the coronavirus. In the letter, he was accused of "making false comments" that had "severely disturbed the social order". The letter stated, "We solemnly warn you: If you keep being stubborn, with such impertinence, and continue this illegal activity, you will be brought to justice—is that understood?" Li signed the confession writing: "Yes, I understand."[29]

In late January, The Supreme People's Court rebuked police for punishing Li and his fellow doctors.[32] The Wuhan police clarified that Li Wenliang was not arrested or fined, but was warned as he had spread that "There had been 7 confirmed cases of SARS", which was not true.[31]

The United States HHS Secretary Alex Azar was alerted on January 3 that CDC director Robert Redfield had discussions with Chinese doctors about the virus.[48]

4 January[edit]

The head of the University of Hong Kong's Centre for Infection, Ho Pak-leung, warned that the city should implement the strictest possible monitoring system for a mystery new viral pneumonia that infected dozens of people on the mainland, as it was highly possible that the illness was spreading from human to human. The microbiologist also warned that there could be a surge in cases during the upcoming Chinese New Year. Ho said he hoped the mainland would release more details as soon as possible about the patients infected with the disease, such as their medical history, to help experts analyse the illness and to allow for more effective preventive measures to be put in place.[49]

The Singapore Ministry of Health said on Saturday, 4 January, that it had been notified of the first suspected case of the "mystery Wuhan virus" in Singapore, involving a three-year-old girl from China who had pneumonia and a travel history to the Chinese city of Wuhan.[50] On 5 January, the Singapore Ministry of Health released a press statement stating that the earlier suspected case was not linked to the pneumonia cluster in Wuhan and was also tested negative for the SARS and MERS-CoV.[51]

Chinese officials were criticized for failing to disclose any information about the "mysterious virus" that machine translations of official reports suggested may be caused by a new coronavirus.[47]

The WHO waited for China to release information about the "mysterious new pneumonia virus".[52] The United Nations agency activated its incident-management system at the country, regional and global level and was standing ready to launch a broader response if it was needed. The WHO's regional office in Manila said in Twitter posts Saturday: "#China has reported to WHO regarding a cluster of pneumonia cases in Wuhan, Hubei Province. The Govt has also met with our country office, and updated @WHO on the situation. Govt actions to control the incident have been instituted and investigations into the cause are ongoing."[52]

The Wuhan Institute of Virology did not respond to an emailed request for comment on the infectious source.[53]

5 January[edit]

The number of suspected cases reached 59 with seven in a critical condition. All were quarantined and local medical officials commenced the monitoring of 163 of their contacts. At this time, there had been no reported cases of human-to-human transmission or presentations in healthcare workers.[54][55]

Department of Zoonoses (National Institute of Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention) submitted complete genome of Wuhan seafood market pneumonia virus isolate Wuhan-Hu-1 (published 12-JAN-2020).[56]

6 January[edit]

On Monday, 6 January, the Wuhan health authorities announced they continued seeking the cause but had so far ruled out influenza, avian influenza, adenovirus, and coronaviruses SARS and MERS as the respiratory pathogen that had infected 59 people as of 5 January.[57]

7 January[edit]

Since the outburst of social media discussion of the mysterious pneumonia outbreak in Wuhan, China, Chinese authorities censored the hashtag #WuhanSARS and were now investigating anyone who was allegedly spreading misleading information about the outbreak on social media.[58]

The world continued to wait for China to disclose more information about what had triggered an unexplained pneumonia outbreak in Wuhan, China's tenth-largest city.[59]

"The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a travel notice Monday for travelers to Wuhan, Hubei province, China due to the cluster of cases of pneumonia of an unknown etiology…"[60]

According to prof. Mikhail Shchelkanov (FEFU Scientists' Council on 17-MAR-2020) he knew sequence of the novel coronavirus genome by January 7 ("we - world scientists' circles").[61]

8 January[edit]

Scientists in China announced the discovery of a new coronavirus.[62][63]

South Korea announced the first possible case of virus coming from China.[64] South Korea put a 36-year-old Chinese woman under isolated treatment amid concerns that she had brought back a form of viral pneumonia that had sickened dozens in mainland China and Hong Kong in the previous weeks. The unidentified woman, who worked for a South Korean company near capital Seoul, had experienced cough and fever since returning from a five-day trip to China on 30 December, the KCDC said in a press release. The woman had spent time in Wuhan, China, but had not visited the Huanan Seafood Market.

9 January[edit]

The WHO confirmed that the novel coronavirus had been isolated from one person who had been hospitalised.[65][66] On the same day, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control posted its first risk assessment.[67] The WHO also reported that Chinese authorities had acted swiftly,[65] identifying the novel coronavirus within weeks of the onset of the outbreak, with the total number of positively tested people being 41.[68] The first death from the virus occurred in a 61-year-old man who was a regular customer at the market. He had several significant medical conditions, including chronic liver disease, and died from heart failure and pneumonia. The incident was reported in China by the health commission via Chinese state media on 11 January.[69][70][71][72]

Chinese scientists reported on Chinese state broadcaster CCTV that they had found a new "coronavirus in 15 of 57 patients with the illness in the central city of Wuhan, saying it has been preliminarily identified as the pathogen for the outbreak".[16] The scientists announced that the current 'Wuhan Virus', a coronavirus, appears to not be as lethal as SARS. They reported that the new viral outbreak was first detected in the city of Wuhan on 12 December 2019.[16] Additionally, a total of 59 people have been identified as contracting the illness, seven patients had been in a critical condition at some stage, and no healthcare workers were reported as having been infected.[16]

10 January[edit]

The gene sequencing data of the isolated 2019-nCoV, a virus from the same family as the SARS coronavirus, was posted on Virological.org by researchers from Fudan University, Shanghai. A further three sequences from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, one from the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, and one from Jinyintan Hospital in Wuhan were posted to the Global Initiative on Sharing All Influenza Data (GISAID) portal.[69][73][74][75] The same day, Public Health England issued its guidance.[67]

On 10 January 2020, Li Wenliang, Chinese ophthalmologist and coronavirus whistleblower, started having symptoms of a dry cough. On 12 January 2020, Wenliang started having a fever. He was admitted to the hospital on 14 January 2020. His parents also contracted the coronavirus (presumably from Wenliang) and were admitted to the hospital with him. Wenliang tested negative several times for the coronavirus until finally testing positive on 30 January 2020.[29]

First two patients in Shenzhen, Guangdong, China attend University of Hong Kong-Shenzhen Hospital.[76]

11 January[edit]

The first two patients in Shenzhen city transferred into negative pressure room in Third People's Hospital of Shenzhen City due to matching lab test result, symptoms, and epidemiology and are being listed as suspected cases. The cases were not confirmed at the time, because requirement from the Chinese government at the time was that first case in each individual cities need to be submitted to provincial CDC, verified by national CDC, and then evaluated and confirmed by a specific diagnostic team in national CDC.[76]

The first viral genome sequence was shared to GENBANK and Virological.org by Professor Zhang Yongzhen of the Shanghai Public Health Clinical Centre through the auspices of the Wuhan Institute of Virology, which was before the government's official disclosure of the same to WHO, which occurred on the following day, when the National Health Commission released several viral sequences to GISAID.[77][78]

11–12 January[edit]

In China, more than 700 close contacts of the 41 confirmed cases, including more than 400 healthcare workers, had been monitored, with no new cases reported in China since 5 January.[38][54][69][79] The WHO published initial guidance on travel advice, testing in the laboratory and medical investigation.[69]

13 January[edit]

The USCDC announced that the genome had been posted on the NIH genetic sequence database, GenBank.[80] On the same day, Thailand witnessed the first confirmed case of 2019-nCoV, the first outside China.[81] The affected 61-year-old Chinese woman, who is a resident of Wuhan, had not visited the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market, but was noted to have been to other markets. She had arrived in Bangkok on 8 January.[82]

14 January[edit]

On 14 January, two of the 41 confirmed cases in Wuhan were reported to include a married couple, raising the possibility of human-to-human transmission.[82][83]

On 14 January, Maria Van Kerkhove, acting head of WHO's emerging diseases unit said that there had been limited human-to-human transmission of the coronavirus, mainly small clusters in families, adding that "it is very clear right now that we have no sustained human-to-human transmission"[84][85]

15 January[edit]

A second death occurred in a 69-year-old man in China on 15 January.[86][87] The WHO published a protocol on diagnostic testing for 2019-nCoV, developed by a virology team from Charité Hospital.[86]

16 January[edit]

On 16 January, the WHO was alerted by Japan's Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare that the first case in Japan, a 30-year-old male Chinese national had tested positive to 2019-nCoV during a hospital stay between 10 and 15 January. He had not visited the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market, but possibly had close contact with an affected person in Wuhan.[88][89]

17 January[edit]

On 17 January, Thailand's second confirmed case was reported in a 74-year-old woman who arrived in Bangkok on a flight from Wuhan.[90][91] The number of laboratory-confirmed cases rose to 45 in China.[92]

Yang Xiaobo, head of the Assets Supervision and Administration Commission, died of pneumonia caused by the virus on 17 January.[93]

18 January[edit]

After the first 41 laboratory-confirmed cases were identified on January 2, 2020,[9] Chinese officials announced no new cases for the next 16 days, then reported 17 additional laboratory-confirmed cases, three of which were in critical condition. This brought the number of laboratory-confirmed cases in China to 62. The patients' ages ranged from 30 to 79. 19 were discharged and eight remain critical.[94]

On the same day, the Wuhan City government held an annual banquet in the Baibuting community celebrating the Chinese New Year with forty thousand families in attendance despite the officials' knowledge of the spread of the novel coronavirus. They shared meals, plates and ate together.[95] On 21 January 2020 when Wuhan mayor Zhou Xianwang was asked on state television why this banquet was held even after the number of cases had risen to 312 he responded, "The reason why the Baibuting community continued to host the banquet this year was based on the previous judgment that the spread of the epidemic was limited between humans, so there was not enough warning."[96]

19 January[edit]

On 19 January, the first confirmed cases were reported in China, outside Wuhan, one in the southern province of Guangdong and two in Beijing.[97] Wuhan reported 136 additional laboratory-confirmed cases, bringing the total number of laboratory-confirmed cases in China to 201. A new death was also reported in Wuhan, bringing the total number of fatalities in China to three.[98][99]

20 January[edit]

On 20 January, after two medical staff were infected in Guangdong, China announced that the virus was human-to-human transmissible.[100]

Scientists from the China CDC identified three different strains of the 2019-nCoV confirming that the original Wuhan coronavirus had mutated into two additional strains.[20]

Chinese premier Li Keqiang urged decisive and effective efforts to prevent and control the epidemic.[101] First confirmed case reported in South Korea.[102] Beijing and Guangdong reported an additional three and thirteen laboratory-confirmed cases, respectively. Shanghai confirms its first case, bringing the total number of laboratory-confirmed cases in China to 218.[103][104] The investigation team from China's National Health Commission confirmed for the first time that the coronavirus can be transmitted between humans.[105] At least two people had become infected whilst living hundreds of miles from Wuhan.[106]

Five attendees of an as-yet-unnamed private international sales company meeting of 109 attendees, 94 from overseas, held from 20–22 January at the Grand Hyatt Hotel, Singapore were diagnosed with the Wuhan coronavirus upon returning home: one from Malaysia, two from South Korea and two from Singapore.[107][108] One of the attendees was from Wuhan, China. It was reported that the company held a buffet for their delegates. These four diagnoses were not reported until 5 February 2020.[109] The first laboratory-confirmed case in Singapore of an unrelated 67-year-old native of Wuhan was not reported until 23 January 2020.[110] These cases linked to the meeting were the first evidence that the Wuhan coronavirus had spread through human-to-human contact outside China, which the WHO has said is deeply concerning and could signal evidence of a much larger outbreak.[109] As of 5 February 2020, the sister of a Malaysian who attended the meeting had been infected and four more local staff in Singapore were confirmed as having virus symptoms.[109][111]

21 January[edit]

A total of 291 cases have now been reported across major cities in China, including Beijing and Shanghai. However, most patients are in Wuhan, the central city of 11 million at the heart of the outbreak.[105]

A report by the MRC Centre for Global Infectious Disease Analysis at Imperial College London suggested there could be more than 1,700 infections. However, Gabriel Leung, the dean of medicine at the University of Hong Kong, put the figure closer to 1,300.[105]

After 300 confirmed diagnoses and 6 deaths, Chinese state media warned lower-level officials not to cover up the spread of a new coronavirus.[105] Officials declared that anyone who concealed new cases would "be nailed on the pillar of shame for eternity", the political body responsible for law and order said. Local Chinese officials initially withheld information about the epidemic from the public. It later vastly under-reported the number of people that had been infected, downplayed the risks and failed to provide timely information that experts say could have saved lives. In its commentary published online on Tuesday January 21, 2020, the Communist Party's Central Political and Legal Commission talked of China having learned a "painful lesson" from the SARS epidemic and called for the public to be kept informed. Deception, it warned, could "turn a controllable natural disaster into a man-made disaster".[105]

The Wuhan Municipal Health Commission reported at least 15 medical workers in Wuhan have also been infected with the virus, with one in a critical condition.[105]

WHO Situation Report 1:[112] (Please note that the WHO Situation Reports as official reportage stand on their own.)

Confirmed cases were reported in several new locations in China. Zhejiang province and Tianjin reported five and two laboratory-confirmed cases, respectively.[113][114] Guangdong reported three additional laboratory-confirmed cases.[115] Shanghai and Henan province reported an additional four and one laboratory-confirmed cases, respectively.[116] One laboratory-confirmed case was reported in Sichuan province, and Chongqing reported five laboratory-confirmed cases.[117][118] Shandong, Hunan, and Yunnan all reported one laboratory-confirmed case each.[119][120][121] Jiangxi reported two laboratory-confirmed cases.[122] The total number of laboratory-confirmed cases in China increased to 312 and the death toll increased to six.[117][123][124]

New cases were also reported outside of mainland China. Taiwan reported its first laboratory-confirmed case,[125] and the United States reported its first laboratory-confirmed case in the state of Washington, the first in North America.[126][127]

China's Wuhan Institute filed to patent the use of Gilead's remdesivir for the treatment of novel coronavirus.[128]

22 January[edit]

Animated map showing confirmed 2019-nCoV cases spreading from January 22.
(high resolution)

WHO Situation Report 2:[129]

'Health Commission: 440 cases of pneumonitis infected with new coronavirus have been diagnosed' - video news report from China News Service, 22 January 2020 (captions available in English)
'Infectious Disease Expert Discusses Coronavirus Threat with VOA' - Video news report from Voice of America with Dr.Anthony Fauci, 22 January 2020

New cases: Macau and Hong Kong reported their first laboratory-confirmed cases,[130][131] with Hong Kong reporting its second on the evening of 22 January.[132] Beijing reported an additional five laboratory-confirmed cases, while Guangdong reported an additional nine laboratory-confirmed cases. Shanghai reported an additional five laboratory-confirmed cases, while Tianjin reported an additional two laboratory-confirmed cases. Zhejiang and Jiangxi reported an additional five and one laboratory-confirmed cases, respectively.[133][better source needed] Liaoning reported its first two laboratory-confirmed cases.[134] Guizhou, Fujian, Anhui, Shanxi and Ningxia reported one laboratory-confirmed case each.[135][136][137][138][139] Hainan reported four laboratory-confirmed cases.[140] Hunan reported three additional laboratory-confirmed cases.[141] Guangxi reported two laboratory-confirmed cases.[142] In all, the total number of laboratory-confirmed cases in China increased to 571 and the death toll to 17.

Internationally, two more laboratory-confirmed cases were reported in Thailand, raising the total number of laboratory-confirmed cases in Thailand to four.[143]

New data showed indications of the current rapid spread of the disease and an increase in the rate of transmission.[144][145]

Officials announced a quarantine of the greater Wuhan, China area to commence on 23 January 2020 at 10:00 a.m. No traffic would be allowed in or out of the city.[146]

23 January[edit]

WHO Situation Report 3:[147]

Jiangsu reported its first laboratory-confirmed case.[148] Heilongjiang reported its first two laboratory-confirmed cases.[149] Both Fujian and Guangxi reported an additional three laboratory-confirmed cases each.[150][151] Shanghai reported an additional seven laboratory-confirmed cases.[152] Xinjiang reported two laboratory-confirmed cases.[153] Shaanxi reported three laboratory-confirmed cases.[154] Gansu reported two laboratory-confirmed cases.[155] Macau also reported its second laboratory-confirmed case, another 66-year-old man from Wuhan.[156] In all, the total number of laboratory-confirmed cases in mainland China increased to 628 while the death toll remained at 17.

Singapore reported its first laboratory-confirmed case, a 66-year-old man from China.[157] Vietnam confirmed its first two laboratory-confirmed cases, a 65 or 66-year-old father and 27 or 28-year-old son from China.[158][159]

A scientific preprint from the Wuhan institute of Virology is posted on Biorxiv (later published in Nature[160]) announcing that a bat virus with 96% similarity had been sequenced in a Yunnan cave in 2013, whose sequence is posted the next day on public databases. It is confirmed by comparing infectivity of cells expressing or not expressing ACE2 that the novel coronavirus uses this same entry receptor as SARS-CoV.[161]

Wuhan suspended all public transportation from 10 a.m. onwards, including all bus, metro and ferry lines. Additionally, all outbound trains and flights were halted.[162]

24 January[edit]

WHO Situation Report 4:[163]

'Hong Kong confirms two new cases of pneumonia' - video news report from China News Service, January 24, 2020 (Captions available in English)

Shandong reported six additional laboratory-confirmed cases.[164] Hunan reported 15 additional laboratory-confirmed cases.[165] Liaoning reported one additional laboratory-confirmed case.[166] Fujian reported four additional laboratory-confirmed cases.[167] Anhui reported six additional laboratory-confirmed cases.[168] Ningxia reported one additional laboratory-confirmed case.[169] Shanghai reported 13 additional laboratory-confirmed cases, bringing the total up to 33.[170]

Japan, South Korea, and the United States all confirmed their second cases.[171][172][173] Singapore confirmed its second and third cases.[174] Thailand confirmed its fifth case.[175] Hong Kong confirmed three additional cases, bringing the total number to five.[176] Nepal confirmed its first case, a student who returned from Wuhan.[177] France reported its first three confirmed cases, the first occurrences in the EU.[178][179][180] The French Health Minister Agnès Buzyn stated that it is likely other cases would arise in the country.[181]

The first confirmed incidence of human-to-human transmission outside of China was documented by the WHO in Vietnam.[182]

A study by Chinese researchers indicates that people can be symptom-free for several days while the coronavirus is incubating, increasing the risk of contagious infection without forewarning signs.[9]

A consortium of Chinese medical experts charged by the Chinese CDC with investigating the inception of the virus published their report in The Lancet, reporting details of 41 first known patients.[183]

By the end of the day, the entire Hubei province had gone under a city-by-city quarantine, apart from Xiangyang and Shennongjia Forestry District.

25 January[edit]

Chinese Communist Party general secretary Xi Jinping called the "accelerating spread" of the coronavirus a "grave situation" in a Party Politburo meeting,[184] and that it was "mutating" as Beijing escalates measures to contain the illness.[185]

WHO Situation Report 5:[186]

Australia confirmed its first four cases, one in Victoria[187] and three in New South Wales.[188][189] Malaysia reported its first three cases in Johor Bahru,[190][191] and a fourth case later.[192] Japan confirmed its third case.[193] Canada confirmed its first case in Toronto.[194] Thailand added two new cases for a total of seven.[195] Singapore confirmed their fourth case.[196]

A Chinese and a Sri Lankan suspected with the infection were admitted to a hospital in Sri Lanka.[197]

Liang Wudong, a 62-year-old doctor, reportedly died in Hubei province from the coronavirus.[198]

26 January[edit]

WHO Situation Report 6:[199]

The Spring Festival holiday was extended to contain the coronavirus outbreak.

Shanghai reported its first death, an 88-year-old man.[200]

The United States confirmed its third, fourth, and fifth cases: two in California[201] and one in Arizona.[202] Macau confirmed three additional cases, bringing its total to five.[203] Hong Kong confirmed its sixth, seventh, and eighth cases.[204] Thailand has confirmed its eighth case. The first of five patients was already discharged. There are another 39 suspected cases awaiting confirmation.[205]

The Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CCDC) has started developing vaccines against the coronavirus, an official with the center said on Sunday.[206][207]

Health officials in Ivory Coast are dealing with a suspected case of coronavirus, the country's health ministry has announced.[208]

The United Nation's WHO Director-General Tedros Ghebreyesus said he was on his way to Beijing to confer with Chinese officials and health experts about the coronavirus outbreak.[209]

China started requiring nationwide use of monitoring stations for screening, identification and immediate isolation of coronavirus-infected travellers, including at airports, railway stations, bus stations and ports.[210]

A tentative clinical profile for the new coronavirus (2019-nCoV) was published by an assistant professor of population health science at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York. The lethality of the virus is unknown; however, the death toll has now climbed to above three percent.[211]

Wang Xianliang, a Hubei provincial government official, died of pneumonia caused by the virus.[93]

27 January[edit]

WHO Situation Report 7:[212]

Gabriel Leung, Dean of the University of Hong Kong medical school and one of the foremost world experts on SARS and viruses, gave a three-hour presentation published on YouTube wherein he made nowcasts and forecasts of the coronavirus. Using traditional scientific modeling techniques that predict the spread of viruses, Leung projected the true number of coronavirus infections was likely 10 time more than the official reported numbers.[213] Leung estimated that there were between 44,000–100,000 infections in China as of 24 January 2020. He stated that draconian measures were needed to slow the progress of the virus but that these measures would have no effect in stopping the coronavirus pandemic. He projected that the number of infections would continue exponentially peaking out in late April or May 2020. Leung predicted that at the peak of the pandemic, there could be up to 100,000 new infections per day. Leung subsequently published an article in The Lancet nowcasting and forecasting the likely progression of the Wuhan coronavirus taking into consideration numerous variables.[214] Zhou Xianwang, the mayor of Wuhan, said on a Chinese state television talkshow that rules imposed by Beijing limited what he could disclose about the threat posed by the Wuhan coronavirus as it unfolded, suggesting "the central government was partially responsible for a lack of transparency that has marred the response to the fast-expanding health crisis."[215]

Canada reported its first confirmed case and another presumptive case.[216] Health officials have confirmed the fifth case of coronavirus in Australia, and have suspected an additional 5.[217][218] The Sri Lankan Health Ministry confirms its first case of coronavirus, a 43 year old Chinese woman.[219] Cambodia confirms its first case of the virus, a Chinese man who came with his family to Sihanoukville.[220] Singapore confirms a fifth case, a 56 year old Chinese national who arrived from Wuhan on 18 January.[221] Germany confirmed its first case in Bavaria, a case of domestic transmission.[222][223] Taiwan reports its first case of domestic transmission of the coronavirus.[224]

Beijing reports its first death from coronavirus.[225]

Three new suspected cases in Austria; previous suspected cases tested negative.[226] The 'Matei Balș' Institute reported the first possible case in Romania.,[227] but the first case would not be confirmed until 26 February.[228][229] Ecuador reported a suspected case of coronavirus, a Chinese citizen who arrived from Hong Kong.,[230] but the first case would not be confirmed until 29 February.[231] Fiji authorities are holding six Chinese travelers in quarantine in Nadi as a precaution after they failed to gain entry to Samoa due to Samoa's quarantine requirements that were implemented Friday. The quarantine requirements, imposed after an emergency Cabinet meeting, compel anyone who's been in China to "self-quarantine" in a country free from the coronavirus for 14 days.[232] In Poland, two children were admitted to the Kraków hospital with the suspicion of coronavirus.[233] In Mongolia a 14-year-old girl who was studying in China had fallen ill with a suspected case of pneumonia and laryngitis; she was pronounced dead on the same day. Health authorities have since taken a sample from the deceased girl to be analysed at the National Center for Communicable Diseases in Ulaanbaatar.[234] Two Mongolian students returning from Taiwan to Chinggis Khaan International Airport have shown symptoms of high fever and rising temperature and were put into quarantine after landing in Mongolia.[234] In Switzerland, two people were put under quarantine at the Triemli Hospital in Zurich; both had previously been to China.[235] These cases later turned up negative.[236]

In Germany, the first specific, global case of coronavirus being transmitted by a person with no symptoms has been reported. The originally-infected individual is from Shanghai.[237][238][239][240]

South Korean health officials met with Korean life science company representatives to speed the development of a test.[241]

28 January[edit]

China's Supreme People's Court ruled that whistleblower, Li Wenliang, had not committed the crime of spreading "rumors" when on 30 December 2019 he posted to a WeChat forum for medical school alumni that seven patients under his care appeared to have contracted SARS. In their ruling, the Supreme People's Court stated, "If society had at the time believed those 'rumours', and wore masks, used disinfectant and avoided going to the wildlife market as if there were a SARS outbreak, perhaps it would've meant we could better control the coronavirus today," the court said. "Rumours end when there is openness."[242][243]

WHO Situation Report 8:[244]

Thailand confirms six more cases, bringing the total infected there to 14. Thailand's health minister, Anutin Charnvirakul, states that "we are not able to stop the spread" of coronavirus in the country.[245] Singapore confirms two more cases, bringing the total infected in Singapore to seven. That was followed by a Hubei-related suspension from 29 January.[246] Japan confirms 3 additional cases, bringing the total infected in Japan to seven, including a man who had never visited Wuhan. He was working as a tour bus driver and had driven a group from Wuhan earlier in January.[247][248] Germany's first confirmed case, reported the previous day, had occurred in a German citizen who had not travelled to China. However, he had close contact with a visiting Chinese colleague who reported starting to feel ill during her return flight to Shanghai and she was diagnosed with coronavirus infection after arriving in China. Germany confirmed 3 new cases, all of whom were coworkers of the first confirmed patient.[249] France confirmed its fourth case, an elderly Chinese tourist who is in critical condition.[250]

The Brazilian Ministry of Health reports three suspected cases ongoing in three locations: Belo Horizonte (MG), Curitiba (PR) and São Leopoldo (RS).[251] Canada reports a new presumptive case in British Columbia, a man in his 40s who had recently travelled to Wuhan.[252]

A UK-Chinese medical research paper reports a statistical model finding that "estimates suggest the actual number of infected cases could be much higher than the reported, with estimated 26,701 cases (as of 28th January 2020)."[253]

Scientists from The Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity (Doherty Institute) in Melbourne reported that they had successfully grown 2019-nCoV from a patient sample.[254]

Xiangyang became quarantined starting 00:00;[255] the entire Hubei province thus became quarantined save for Shennongjia Forestry District.

29 January[edit]

WHO Situation Report 9:[256]

Tibet reported its first suspected case identified on the previous day[257] and declared a level 1 health emergency in the evening, the last mainland provincial division to do so.[258] Suspected cases have now been reported in all 31 mainland provincial divisions.

Companies in Hubei are required not to resume services before 13 February, and schools in Hubei are to postpone the reopening of schools.[259]

The UAE confirms its first case.[260] Shortly afterwards, an Emirates' news agency confirmed four people from a Chinese family to be infected.[261] Finland reports its first case of the virus in Lapland, found in a Chinese tourist who left Wuhan before Wuhan was locked down.[262] Singapore confirms three more cases of the virus, bringing the total infected to 10.[263] Malaysia confirms three additional cases, bringing its total to seven.[264] Japan reports four additional cases, including a tour bus guide that was on the same bus as one of the cases confirmed on 28 January[265] and three evacuated from Wuhan.[266] France confirmed a fifth case, the daughter of the patient in the fourth case.[267]

Two Chinese nationals were placed in isolation wards in Armenia amid the first suspected case of coronavirus in the country. The Chinese nationals were tourists travelling to Armenia from neighbouring Georgia. Liana Torosyan, the head of the Department of Infectious Diseases, advised that samples will be sent to European labs, as Armenia does not have the capacity to test for the novel coronavirus.[268] Brazil reports a total of 9 suspected cases in six states of the country.[269]

Air Canada is halting all direct flights to China following the federal government's advisory to avoid non-essential travel to the mainland due to the coronavirus epidemic. The suspension is effective Thursday and slated to last until February 29.[270]

30 January[edit]

WHO Situation Report 10:[271]

Tibet confirms its first case, which was previously suspected.[272] Cases have now been confirmed in all 31 provincial divisions of mainland China.[273] India confirms its first case of coronavirus in a student who had returned from Wuhan University to the Indian state of Kerala.[274] Philippines confirms its first case of coronavirus in a female Chinese national who arrived in Manila via Hong Kong on 21 January.[275] Japan confirms three more cases, bringing the total to 14.[276] Malaysia confirms one more case, bringing the total to eight.[277] Singapore confirms three more cases, bringing the total to 13.[278] South Korea confirms two more cases, with one of them being the first human-to-human transmission there.[279] Vietnam confirms three new cases, bringing the total to five.[280] France confirms its sixth case.[281] Italy confirms its first two cases in a press conference by the Prime Minister, Giuseppe Conte.[282] Germany confirms its fifth case, an employee of the company where the four previously known cases are also employed.[283]

The United States confirmed its sixth case, the spouse of another patient in Chicago.[284] This is the first confirmed case of human to human transmission within the United States.

31 January[edit]

WHO Situation Report 11:[285]

The United Kingdom and Russia confirmed their first coronavirus infections.[286][287] The first Swedish and Spanish cases were confirmed.[288][289] The seventh confirmed case in the U.S. is in Santa Clara County, California.[290] A fourth case of coronavirus in Canada has been confirmed in London, Ontario.[291] Thailand confirmed five more cases with the first human-to-human virus transmission inside the country of a local taxi driver, bringing the total to 19.[292][293] Singapore confirmed three more cases, bringing the total to 16.[294] Chinese health experts warn the public that coronavirus patients can become reinfected. China starts repatriating citizens to Wuhan.[295]

Summary[edit]

The following is the list of countries and territories with confirmed cases during the period of November 2019 – January 2020:

Asia

  • Cambodia
  • China
  • Hong Kong
  • India
  • Japan
  • Macau
  • Malaysia
  • Nepal
  • Philippines
  • Russia[a]
  • South Korea
  • Singapore
  • Sri Lanka
  • Taiwan
  • Thailand
  • United Arab Emirates
  • Vietnam

Europe

  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • United Kingdom

North America

  • Canada
  • United States

Oceania

  • Australia

Events, reactions, and measures in mainland China[edit]

20 December 2019[edit]

On 20 December 2019, Winner Medical Group decided to cancel their executive meeting in Hubei.[296]

30–31 December[edit]

On 30 December 2019, an "urgent notice on the treatment of pneumonia of unknown cause" was issued by the Medical Administration and Medical Administration of Wuhan Municipal Health Committee.[297][298]

The Wuhan Municipal Health Commission also made a public announcement regarding the situation.[27]

A famous police officer in Jiangning District, Nanjing mentioned the BSL-4 laboratory of Wuhan Institute of Virology when commenting on the outbreak by expressing confidence on its technological power and ability to fix the incident.[299]

1 January 2020[edit]

Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market, the source of the initial pneumonia cases, was closed on 1 January 2020 for cleaning and disinfection.[41] On the same day, Chinese state news reported that Wuhan police interviewed eight residents for spreading "misinformation" referring to the new infection as another SARS and "exaggerating" the danger.[300] However, CNA reported on the same date that Wuhan police said they had punished eight people for "publishing or forwarding false information on the internet without verification."[301]

On 1 January 2020, a genetic sequencing company was notified by the Wuhan Municipal Health Committee that further sequencing of novel coronavirus samples were no longer allowed, existing samples must be destroyed and all data must be kept secret.[18]

2 January[edit]

On 2 January 2020, Central Hospital of Wuhan banned its staffs from discussing the disease publicly or recording them using text or image that can be used as evidence; situation of individual patients can only be mentioned verbally when doctors change shift.[302]

3 January[edit]

On 3 January 2020, China's National Health Committee Office published an announcement classifying the novel coronavirus as a highly pathogenic microorganisms (type 2), and request all the samples to be handed to provincial or higher level health authority, other organization or person with the virus sample should either destroy or transfer them and keep the log, and emphasis that all data must be kept secret and prior approval from the authority will be needed before any results can be published.[18]

7 January[edit]

On 7 January 2020, Chinese president and party secretary Xi Jinping raised demand on the prevention and control of the pneumonia epidemic caused by novel coronavirus in Wuhan in a Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China meeting, according to article published by himself in February.[303][304][305]

10 January[edit]

The gene sequencing data of the isolated 2019-nCoV, a virus from the same family as the SARS coronavirus, was posted on Virological.org by researchers from Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center and Fudan University, Shanghai. A further three sequences from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, one from the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, and one from Jinyintan Hospital in Wuhan were posted to the Global Initiative on Sharing All Influenza Data (GISAID) portal.[73][69][74][75] The same day, Public Health England issued its guidance.[67]

Beginning of the 2020 Chunyun travel season in China.[306]

12 January[edit]

Hubei's provincial representatives from all over the province met in Wuhan until 18 January.[307]

Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center, the facility that published the first genome sequence of the virus, was closed without reason.[308]

14 January[edit]

Reporters from Hong Kong being taken to police station after trying to film situation within Wuhan hospital.[309]

15 January[edit]

Representative from Chinese government and American government sign the phase one trade deal over bilateral trade conflict in Washington D.C.[310][311]

20 January[edit]

Chinese premier Li Keqiang urged decisive and effective efforts to prevent and control the epidemic.[101] Beijing and Guangdong reported an additional three and thirteen laboratory-confirmed cases, respectively. Shanghai confirms its first case, bringing the total number of laboratory-confirmed cases in China to 218.[103][104] The investigation team from China's National Health Commission confirmed that the coronavirus can be transmitted between humans.

22 January[edit]

The government announced a quarantine until further notice, cancelling outgoing flights and trains from Wuhan, and suspending public transportation in Wuhan, effective 10:00 (02:00 UTC, UTC+08:00) on 23 January.[312] However, statistics compiled by the Chinese Railway Administration showed that on the same day approximately 100,000 people had already departed from Wuhan Train Station by the deadline.[313] Furthermore, many Wuhan residents bypassed the checkpoints by taking antipyretics, having seen tips shared on Sina Weibo.[313]

At the day's night, Wuhan government announced that citizens must wear face mask in public facilities.[314]

23 January[edit]

Wuhan suspended all public transportation from 10 a.m. onwards, including all bus, metro and ferry lines. Additionally, all outbound trains and flights were halted.[162] In Wuhan, construction began near midnight for a specialist emergency hospital, modelled after the Xiaotangshan Hospital during the 2003 SARS outbreak in Beijing, after it was proposed earlier in the afternoon. The new Huoshenshan Hospital opened on 3 February with a capacity of at least 1,000 beds.[315]

The three provinces of Zhejiang,[316] Guangdong,[317] and Hunan[318] declared a level 1 public health emergency (the highest possible) in chronological order.[319]

The release of all seven major films for the Lunar New Year was practically cancelled.[320] In an example of black humor, Plague Inc., which was released in 2012, surged to become the most popular app in China.[321]

24 January[edit]

The seven provinces, two autonomous regions, and all four municipalities of Hubei,[322] Anhui,[323] Tianjin,[324] Beijing,[325] Shanghai,[326] Chongqing,[327] Sichuan,[328] Jiangxi,[329] Yunnan,[330] Shandong,[331] Fujian,[332] Guangxi,[333] and Hebei[334] declared a level 1 public health emergency, in chronological order.[335] The city of Jingzhou was quarantined, raising the number of people in quarantined cities to 35 million.[336] The entire Hubei province now came under a city-by-city quarantine, save for Xiangyang and Shennongjia Forestry District.

All 70,000 Chinese cinemas were closed until further notice.[337] Multiple tourist sites across China were closed until further notice, including Mount Wutai,[338] Pingyao, Yanmen Pass,[339] Xuanwu Lake, Qixia Mountain, Nanking Massacre Museum, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall, Canton Tower, Gulangyu,[340] Yu Garden,[341] Shanghai Disneyland,[342] West Lake, and Forbidden City.[343] Citing the coronavirus outbreak, Starbucks and McDonald's suspended some operations in China.[344]

The Beijing and Shanghai governments have "urged residents returning from coronavirus outbreak areas to stay at home for 14 days to prevent its spread."[345]

25 January[edit]

A level 1 health emergency was declared in the 10 provinces and three autonomous regions of Jiangsu,[346] Hainan,[347] Xinjiang,[348] Heilongjiang,[349] Henan,[350] Gansu,[351] Liaoning,[352] Shanxi,[353] Shaanxi,[354] Qinghai,[355] Jilin,[356] Ningxia,[357] and Inner Mongolia,[358] in chronological order. It is now in effect in all 30 of the 31 provincial-level divisions in mainland China with cases reported, the exception being Tibet.

China's National Health Commission had sent 1,230 medical staff in six groups to Wuhan City, central China's Hubei Province, to combat the novel coronavirus outbreak in the region. As of 25 January, three of the six groups began their work in the virus-hit area. Local media earlier reported that 450 military medical personnel have also landed in the city to offer support.[359] Wuhan announced building a second emergency specialty hospital, named Leishenshan Hospital, with a planned capacity of 1,300 beds, to be in use in half a month.[360]

Beijing announced it will halt all inter-provincial bus and train services starting 26 January.[361][362]

The Politburo of the Communist Party of China met to discuss novel coronavirus prevention and control. Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, stated that the country is facing a "grave situation" as the number of infected people is accelerating.[184][363]

Straco has shut Shanghai Ocean Aquarium, Underwater World Xiamen and Lixing Cable Car temporarily to curb the virus spreading around.[364]

26 January[edit]

The leading group on the prevention and control of the novel coronavirus outbreak was established, led by Chinese Premier Li Keqiang.[365] The leading group has decided to extend the Spring Festival holiday to contain coronavirus outbreak.

The Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CCDC) has started developing vaccines against the coronavirus, an official with the center said on Sunday.[206][207]

The city of Shantou declared a partial lockdown,[366] though this was quickly reversed.[367]

China banned all wildlife trade with immediate effect.[368][369][370]

The United Nation's WHO Director-General Tedros Ghebreyesus said he was on his way to Beijing to confer with Chinese officials and health experts about the coronavirus outbreak.[209]

China started requiring nationwide use of monitoring stations for screening, identification and immediate isolation of coronavirus-infected travellers, including at airports, railway stations, bus stations and ports.[210]

Schools in Beijing would stay closed until further notice to prevent further spread of the coronavirus. Separately, the Beijing Government stated it will not lock-down the city.[371]

27 January[edit]

Temperature check at a Beijing metro station on 27 January 2020.

Chinese Premier Li Keqiang visited Wuhan, the centre of the virus outbreak, to direct the epidemic prevention work.[372]

China's Finance Ministry and National Health Commission extended 60.33 billion yuan (US$8.74 billion) to help contain coronavirus.[373]

Xiangyang announced the suspension of ferry services at 00:00 on 28 January,[255] putting the entirety of Hubei province under a city-by-city quarantine, save for Shennongjia Forestry District. The move came after the closure of its railway stations at 00:00 on 27 January, and shutting down of its airport and inter-city bus services earlier.[255]

Wuhan suspends visa and passports services for Chinese citizens until 30 January.[374]

The Shanghai government has said companies in the city are not allowed to resume operations before 9 February.[375] Chinese tech company Tencent asks staff to work from home until 7 February due to coronavirus.[376]

The mayor of Wuhan acknowledges criticism over his handling of the crisis, admitting that information was not released quickly enough. He said he would resign if it helped with public opinion but pointed out the local government was obliged to seek permission before fully disclosing information about the virus, and that their response had since become "tougher than others".[377]

Tangshan suspends public transit to prevent spread of coronavirus.[378]

28 January[edit]

Wanda Group waives all rent and property fees for all merchants from 24 January to 25 February, amounting to an estimated fee reduction of ¥3-4 billion (US$432–577 million).[379]

Sasseur REIT shuts four malls temporarily, with another seven outlet malls shut to slow the outbreak.[380]

Dasin Retail Trust shortens hours for its five malls and temporarily closed crowded places.[381]

29 January[edit]

Tibet reported its first suspected case identified on the previous day[257] and declared a level 1 health emergency in the evening, the last mainland provincial division to do so.[258] Suspected cases have now been reported in all 31 mainland provincial divisions.

Companies in Hubei are required not to resume services before 13 February, and schools in Hubei are to postpone the reopening of schools.[259]

Chinese police drop their case against eight people, accused on 1 January of spreading "false rumours" about a "new SARS-like virus";[382] they have been referred to as "the eight brave (八勇士)" on some Chinese social media.[383]

CapitaLand temporarily shuts all four malls in Wuhan and both malls in Xian after instructions from local authorities, with supermarkets still open. The company's remaining 45 malls will operate shorter periods. It has also set up a 10 million Yuan fund to fight the coronavirus.[384]

30 January[edit]

As of 30 January, inter-provincial charter cars in mainland China and inter-provincial passenger routes to Hubei have all been suspended. Passenger transport on roads in ten provinces and municipalities including Hubei and Beijing has been suspended, inter-provincial passenger trains have been suspended in 16 provinces, urban bus routes have been suspended or partially suspended in multiple cities in 28 provinces, and urban rail transportation has been suspended in 5 cities including Wuhan.[385]

The Huanggang Communist Party committee announced the dismissal of its health chief, Tang Zhihong.[386]

31 January[edit]

China National Railway Group announced that starting 1 February, rail ticket purchases must provide the traveller's mobile phone number (email address for foreign nationals).[387]

Chinese health experts warn the public that coronavirus patients can become reinfected. China starts repatriating citizens to Wuhan.[295]

Reactions and measures outside mainland China[edit]

30–31 December 2019[edit]

In response to Wuhan authority announcement on the "pneumonia of unknown cause", Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan immediately tightened their inbound screening processes as a result.[41][42]

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are alerted to an unexplained "cluster of 27 cases of pneumonia” in Wuhan on December 31, 2019.[388]

3 January 2020[edit]

Thailand began screening passengers arriving from Wuhan at four different airports.[73][389][390]

Singapore has also begun screening passengers at Changi Airport.[391]

6 January[edit]

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (USCDC) issued a travel watch at Level 1 ("Practice usual precautions") on 6 January, with recommendations on washing hands and more specifically advising avoiding animals, animal markets, and contact with unwell people if travelling to Wuhan.[38][54]

The US CDC offers to send a US team to assist Chinese experts in their research in regard to transmissibility, severity, and incubation period of the disease.[392]

Hong Kong began screening passengers arriving on trains stopped at Wuhan.[393]

13 January 2020[edit]

A Wuhan resident, the first confirmed case of COVID-19 outside China, was diagnosed in Bangkok, Thailand.[394][395]

16 January 2020[edit]

Japan reports its first case.[396]

21 January[edit]

The World Health Organization announced that it would hold an emergency meeting on the virus the following day to determine if the virus is a "public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC)".[397]

The Panamanian government has enhanced its sanitary control and screening measures at all ports of entry, in order to prevent the spread of the virus, isolating and testing potential cases.[398]

22 January[edit]

North Korea closed its borders and banned foreign tourists over the virus.[399]

WHO's emergency committee was unable to reach a consensus—with one member stating that the vote was "50/50. Even."—on whether the outbreak should be classified as a PHEIC due to lack of information.[400] The committee will resume discussion the next day.[401]

Singapore formed a multi-ministry taskforce to deal with the virus. This comes after three more suspected cases are detected.[402]

23 January[edit]

Following the first laboratory-confirmed case on 23 January, Singaporean airline Scoot cancelled flights to Wuhan between 23 and 26 January over the virus outbreak after a lockdown was imposed.[403] Schools have also asked parents to declare their travel plans and monitor their children's health. Other measures will also be taken to ensure the safety of students.[404][405] MINDEF has since issued two medical advisories to service personnel.[406]

Flights in and out of North Korea were halted. Coronavirus cases in Sinuiju were suspected and promptly quarantined for two weeks.[407]

24 January[edit]

Following the two laboratory-confirmed cases on 23 January, the Vietnam Aviation Authority sent a written directive requesting that all flights to and from Wuhan are to be cancelled immediately until further notice and that the tickets will be refunded.[408] Exceptionally, the Authority operates four special flights to carry Wuhan passengers home during the period from 24–27 January,[409] and a backward flight to evacuate Vietnamese citizens and diplomats.[410]

Border control measures in Singapore have been enhanced and extended to land and sea checkpoints, with the Immigration and Checkpoints Authority and Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore starting temperature checks from noon of that day.[411][412]

The Russian Far East had closed its border with China until 7 February, while Russian tour operators were inhibited starting 27 January.[413]

25 January[edit]

Hong Kong declared a state of emergency[414] and announced it would close schools until 17 February.[415] Hong Kong Disneyland and Ocean Park are closed until further notice.[416]

The United States announced plans to evacuate US citizens out of Wuhan by charter jet.[417] The US government later clarified that it only had limited capacity for private citizen evacuations.

26 January[edit]

Hong Kong announced it will ban anyone who has been to Hubei Province in the last 14 days from entering the city starting 27 January.[418]

Singers Andy Lau and Leon Lai have postponed their concerts in Hong Kong and Macau respectively.[419]

27 January[edit]

On 27 January, the WHO assessed the risk of COVID-19 to be "high at the global level".[420]

Mongolia closed its border with China, shut down schools until 2 March, and called for all public gatherings to be cancelled.[421] The pair of international border gates Hekou (Yunnan, China)–Lào Cai (Vietnam) are suspended against Chinese tourists. The decision was declared by the head of Lào Cai Department of Culture, Sports and Tourism, after an urgent notice from Yunnan Province's authorities.[422][423]

The Government of Gilgit Baltistan decided to delay opening the China–Pakistan border crossing point at Khunjerab Pass, scheduled for February.[424]

Following the action from Hong Kong authorities, Macau stated that it will deny entry to visitors from the Mainland's Hubei province or those who had visited the province 14 days prior to arrival unless they are virus-free.[425]

Singapore imposed a 14 days leave of absence for those working in schools, healthcare and eldercare who travelled to China in the last 14 days. Students who returned from these places will do home-based learning instead. In addition, people who went to China the last 14 days must fill health and travel declarations and monitor health with temperature checks.[426][427][428]

Malaysia suspends all visa facilities for Chinese tourists from Hubei and its neighbouring provinces in China.[429]

Tijuana, Mexico receives its final scheduled non-stop flight from mainland China before a previously scheduled suspension of service. Passengers and crew were screened by health officials upon arrival to the Tijuana International Airport. Flights between Tijuana and Mainland China are scheduled to resume in May 2020.[430]

The USCDC expands travel advisory from Wuhan to the whole of Hubei Province.[431] Later that day, the US State Department raised the travel advisory for China to Level 3 ("Reconsider Travel: Avoid travel due to serious risks to safety and security.") due to the coronavirus.[432] The same day, the USCDC again updates its travel health notice to Warning - Level 3, Avoid All Nonessential Travel to China.[433][434]

28 January[edit]

The Philippines and Sri Lanka suspended issuance of visas-on-arrival to Chinese nationals.[435][436]

Singapore announced a suspension from 29 January, 12pm of entry or transit for all new visitors with a recent travel history to Hubei within the last 14 days, or holders of China passports issued in Hubei.[246]

Hong Kong temporarily closes four of the eleven ports with the Mainland.[437] Carrie Lam, the Chief Executive, stated the high-speed rail service between Hong Kong and mainland China would be suspended starting 30 January and all cross-border ferry services would also be suspended in a bid to stop the spread of coronavirus.[438] Additionally, flights from mainland China would be cut in half, cross-border bus services reduced, and the Hong Kong government is asking all its employees (except those providing essential or emergency services) to work from home. In a later press conference, Carrie Lam said that the Man Kam To and Sha Tau Kok border checkpoints would be closed.[439]

Thailand starts scanning all travellers from China with immediate effect.[440][441]

The UK's Foreign Office warns Britons not to travel to mainland China unless their journey is essential.[442]

The USCDC stated it was boosting staffing at 20 US airports that have quarantine facilities.[443]

Singer Miriam Yeung postponed a concert in Singapore, which was scheduled on 8 February. This comes after the virus situation in China worsened with most of the logistics coming from there.[444] 28

29 January[edit]

The government of Papua New Guinea banned all travellers from Asian countries and closed its border with Indonesia. The order takes effect from 30 January.[445][446]

Palau and Vanuatu temporarily suspended flights from mainland China, Macau, and Hong Kong until the end of February and restricted diplomatic work in those countries.[446] The Federated States of Micronesia is considering the same measures.[446]

The government of Kazakhstan suspended visa issuances to Chinese citizens. In addition, all transport links from and to China have been halted; accordingly, movement by train will stop on 1 February, and will stop by airplane from 3 February.[447] Georgia temporarily suspended all direct flights with China.[448]

Rasuwa Fort, which is a border crossing between Rasuwa District (Nepal) and Tibet (China), will be sealed for 15 days starting 29 January. The decision was preceded by a meeting between security and immigration authorities of two countries earlier that day.[449]

The WHO announces that its director-general has decided to reconvene their international health regulations emergency committee on 30 January to reconsider declaring a global health emergency, technically a "public health emergency of international concern" (PHEIC). The reconvening is due "mainly on the evidence of increasing number of cases, human-to-human transmission outside of China, and the further development of transmission."[450][451] The committee meeting is planned to start at 13:30 Geneva time.[452] Further, the WHO announces their having set up "The Pandemic Supply Chain Network (PSCN)" in collaboration with the World Economic Forum.[256]

The Government of Canada issued a travel advisory to avoid non-essential travel to China due to the novel coronavirus outbreak.[453] The Government of Canada also issued a regional travel advisory to avoid all travel to the Province of Hubei—including the cities of Wuhan, Huanggang and Ezhou—due to the imposition of heavy travel restrictions in order to limit the spread of the novel coronavirus.[453] On the same day, the Minister of Foreign Affairs François-Philippe Champagne announced that an aircraft would be sent to repatriate Canadians from the areas affected by the novel coronavirus in China.[454] As a result of the travel advisories issued by the Canadian government, Air Canada suspended all direct flights to China until at least 29 February.[455]

The Ministry of Popular Power for Health announced that the Rafael Rangel National Institute of Hygiene (Spanish: Instituto Nacional de Higiene Rafael Rangel) in Caracas will perform the detection of other respiratory viruses based on non-influenza types, including coronaviruses in humans. It is also the only health institute in the country with the installed capacity for the diagnosis of respiratory viruses in Venezuela and is able carry out logistics in the 23 states, the Capital District and Federal Dependencies.[citation needed]

British Airways and Lufthansa cancel all flights to and from mainland China.[456][457]

Singapore expanded temperature screening to cover all incoming flights with additional checks on flights from China and passengers from Hubei.[426]

The Panama Canal began to require all ships to report if they had any contact with coronavirus-infected countries. The Panamanian health ministry also established an isolation ward for coronavirus patients.[458][459]

30 January[edit]

The WHO director-general declares the coronavirus outbreak a "Public Health Emergency of International Concern" (PHEIC), reversing two previous decisions after emergency committee meetings in the last week.[460][461][462] WHO also issued a warning that that "all countries should be prepared for containment, including active surveillance, early detection, isolation and case management, contact tracing and prevention of onward spread" of the virus.[463]

Vietnam shuts down air traffic with China.[464] The Ministry of Public Security temporarily ceased issuing visa to Chinese citizens within the epidemic areas.[465] Additionally, crossing at gateways, airports, seaports are put under higher supervision, with strict monitoring and medical check-ups (applied to both humans and items; prohibited against wildlife animals and derivatives).[465] Later that day, after confirmation of the virus for the first three Vietnamese patients, the Prime Minister ordered for further visa restrictions apart from diplomatic work, suspension of activities at border gates (with China) which are still active, evacuation for citizens when necessary, and an emergency alert being considered.[466]

The Liaison Office between the two Koreas in the border town of Kaesong was shut down for an unspecified time regarding infection concern. The decision was made after negotiations between the representatives of both countries early in the morning on 30 January, informed by the Unification Ministry of South Korea.[467]

North Korea's news agency KCNA declared a "state emergency" and reported the establishment of anti-epidemic headquarters around the country.[468]

Singapore announced that every household was to receive four masks starting from 1 February.[469][470]

Russia announces restrictions on railway travel with China, such that only a direct train between Moscow and Beijing remains.[471]

Map of the WHO's regional offices and their respective operating regions.
  Africa; HQ: Brazzaville, Republic of Congo
  Western Pacific; HQ: Manila, Philippines
  Eastern Mediterranean; HQ: Cairo, Egypt
  South East Asia; HQ: New Delhi, India
  Europe; HQ: Copenhagen, Denmark
  Americas; HQ: Washington, DC, USA

Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte stated in a press conference that Italy had closed all air traffic to and from China.[282] It is believed that Conte has also called a cabinet meeting for Friday to discuss further actions.[472] Six thousand people are briefly quarantined on board an Italian cruise ship as tests are carried out on two Chinese passengers suspected of having coronavirus, a spokesman for the Costa Crociere cruise company said.[473] The same day, all passengers are released as it is found that the ill individual has the flu, not coronavirus.[474]

The US State Department issued an updated travel advisory as "Level 4: Do Not Travel to China." Its website stated that "Those currently in China should consider departing" and warning that "Travelers should be prepared for travel restrictions to be put into effect with little or no advance notice".[475] Additionally, it authorised American diplomatic staff and their families to evacuate China.[476] The State of Washington in the US declared a Level 1 Emergency and activated its Emergency Response Center for dealing with the now global coronavirus outbreak.[477]

British foreign secretary Dominic Raab disclosed that the emergency flight containing about 120 Britons from Wuhan that was delayed by 24 hours was due to land at RAF Brize Norton on Friday morning, where the passengers will be taken to Wirral for a fortnight's quarantine.[478]

Trinidad and Tobago's health min­is­ter, Ter­rance Deyals­ingh, announced that Trinidad and Tobago had decided to implement restrictions on persons travelling from China. Persons who are living or who have visited China will be barred from entering Trinidad and Tobago unless they had already been out of China 14 days prior to attempting to travel to Trinidad and Tobago.[479]

Air France and KLM cancel all flights to mainland China until February 9.[480][481]

Two K-pop concerts in Singapore by Taeyeon and NCT Group respectively were postponed after the virus situation worsened.[482]

The National Library of Medicine began collection of website and social media reporting of the virus outbreak as part of its Global Health Events archiving.[483]

31 January[edit]

Russian authorities announced the border closure with China would be extended to at least 1 March.[484]

Authorities in Guangxi (China) and Lạng Sơn (Vietnam) announced the temporary suspension of nine auxiliary border gates (namely in pair: Tân Thanh - 浦寨, Chi Ma - 爱店, Cốc Nam - 弄怀, Bình Nghi - 平宜, Pò Nhùng - 油隘, Bản Chắt - 板烂, Co Sâu - 北山, Na Hình, and Nà Nưa) and border markets starting 31 January until 8 February, and prohibited all travel over cross-border trails.[485][486]

Singapore closed borders to all visitors arriving from mainland China (including passengers transiting through Singapore) except Singaporeans, Singapore residents and long-term visa holders.[487][488]

Macau announced it would postpone schools indefinitely and that schools should contact students to arrange for assignments to be done online.[489] Hong Kong extends the public holiday to 2 March, and also requests all visitors who have been in Hubei in the past 14 days to be quarantined. All government employees may work from home until 9 February.[490]

Italy declared a state of emergency, the first EU country to do so,[491] and allocates an initial 5 million Euros to tackle the virus.[492]

The United States government declares a Public Health Emergency due to the coronavirus, and is closing its borders to all foreign nationals "who pose a threat of transmitting the virus from entering the country and would quarantine U.S. citizens returning from Hubei province in China, the epicenter of the outbreak, for up to 14 days," starting Sunday, February 2 at 5 p.m. The 195 Americans on the Air Force base in California whom were recently evacuated from Wuhan recently will also be quarantined.[493][494][495]

Jamaica's health min­is­ter, Christopher Tufton, announced a government decision to ban travel between China and Jamaica. All persons entering Jamaica from China will be subject to immediate quarantine for at least 14 days, and anyone who was allowed to land and shows symptoms of the virus will be put in immediate isolation.[496] In keeping with the new policy, 19 Chinese nationals who arrived at the Norman Manley International Airport on the evening of 31 January were denied entry, quarantined and put on a flight back to China on 1 February.[497]

The Ecuadorian Ministry of Health, Catalina Andramuño, announced that the country now possesses reagents for testing new cases locally, becoming the first in South America.[498]

LOT Polish Airlines cancels all flights to Beijing until 9 February.[499] Delta Airlines suspends all China flights, and American Airlines pilots sue for same action.[500][501] Later, American Airlines ceased flights to China as well.[502] Later still, United Airlines halts all flights to China, excepting San Francisco to Hong Kong.[503]

Basra International Airport in Iraq has declared that passengers of any nationality travelling from China will be denied entry.[504]

Turkish Airlines halted all flights to China until 9 February.[505]

K-pop band Got7's concert in Singapore, supposedly on 22 February, was postponed due to the virus.[506]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The two cases confirmed during this period were in the Asian part of Russia, namely in Tyumen and Zabaykalsky Krai

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Coronavirus". www.who.int. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  2. ^ 国家卫生健康委员会办公厅 (5 February 2020). 新型冠状病毒感染肺炎的诊疗方案(试行第五版) (PDF). 国家卫生健康委员会办公厅 (in Chinese). Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
  3. ^ 2020年2月11日湖北省新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情情况 (in Chinese).
  4. ^ Woodyatt, Amy; Kottasová, Ivana; Griffiths, James; Regan, Helen. "China changed how it counts coronavirus cases again. Here's why". CNN.
  5. ^ a b c "疫情通报" (in Chinese). National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Tracking coronavirus: Map, data and timeline". BNO News. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  7. ^ "Tracking coronavirus: Map, data and timeline". BNO News. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  8. ^ a b "China's first confirmed Covid-19 case traced back to November 17". South China Morning Post. 13 March 2020. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020.
  9. ^ a b c d e Huang, Chaolin; Wang, Yeming; Li, Xingwang; Ren, Lili; Zhao, Jianping; Hu, Yi; Zhang, Li; Fan, Guohui; Xu, Jiuyang; Gu, Xiaoying; Cheng, Zhenshun; Yu, Ting; Xia, Jiaan; Wei, Yuan; Wu, Wenjuan; Xie, Xuelei; Yin, Wen; Li, Hui; Liu, Min; Xiao, Yan; Gao, Hong; Guo, Li; Xie, Jungang; Wang, Guangfa; Jiang, Rongmeng; Gao, Zhancheng; Jin, Qi; Wang, Jianwei; Cao, Bin (24 January 2020). "Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China". The Lancet. 0 (10223): 497–506. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30183-5. PMID 31986264 – via www.thelancet.com.
  10. ^ Cohen, Jon (26 January 2020). "Wuhan seafood market may not be source of novel virus spreading globally". Science | AAAS. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  11. ^ Duarte, Fernando (24 February 2020). "Who is 'patient zero' in the coronavirus outbreak?". BBC. Archived from the original on 8 March 2020.
  12. ^ Li, Qun; Guan, Xuhua; Wu, Peng; Wang, Xiaoye; Zhou, Lei; Tong, Yeqing; Ren, Ruiqi; Leung, Kathy S.M.; Lau, Eric H.Y.; Wong, Jessica Y.; Xing, Xuesen; Xiang, Nijuan; Wu, Yang; Li, Chao; Chen, Qi; Li, Dan; Liu, Tian; Zhao, Jing; Liu, Man; Tu, Wenxiao; Chen, Chuding; Jin, Lianmei; Yang, Rui; Wang, Qi; Zhou, Suhua; Wang, Rui; Liu, Hui; Luo, Yingbo; Liu, Yuan; Shao, Ge; Li, Huan; Tao, Zhongfa; Yang, Yang; Deng, Zhiqiang; Liu, Boxi; Ma, Zhitao; Zhang, Yanping; Shi, Guoqing; Lam, Tommy T.Y.; Wu, Joseph T.; Gao, George F.; Cowling, Benjamin J.; Yang, Bo; Leung, Gabriel M.; Feng, Zijian (29 January 2020). "Early Transmission Dynamics in Wuhan, China, of Novel Coronavirus–Infected Pneumonia". New England Journal of Medicine. 0 (13): 1199–1207. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa2001316. PMID 31995857.
  13. ^ http://idg.timedg.com/p/20995227.html
  14. ^ Oliveira, Nelson (27 March 2020). "Shrimp vendor identified as possible coronavirus 'patient zero,' leaked document says". New York Daily News. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  15. ^ Page, Jeremy; Fan, Wenxin; Khan, Natasha (6 March 2020). "How It All Started: China's Early Coronavirus Missteps". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  16. ^ a b c d Thaiger, The (9 January 2020). "Chinese scientists identify the 'Wuhan Virus'. Screening continues on Thai-bound flights". The Thaiger. Archived from the original on 10 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  17. ^ Ren, Li-Li; Wang, Ye-Ming; Wu, Zhi-Qiang; Xiang, Zi-Chun; Guo, Li; Xu, Teng; Jiang, Yong-Zhong; Xiong, Yan; Li, Yong-Jun; Li, Xing-Wang; Li, Hui; Fan, Guo-Hui; Gu, Xiao-Ying; Xiao, Yan; Gao, Hong; Xu, Jiu-Yang; Yang, Fan; Wang, Xin-Ming; Wu, Chao; Chen, Lan; Liu, Yi-Wei; Liu, Bo; Yang, Jian; Wang, Xiao-Rui; Dong, Jie; Li, Li; Huang, Chao-Lin; Zhao, Jian-Ping; Hu, Yi; Cheng, Zhen-Shun; Liu, Lin-Lin; Qian, Zhao-Hui; Qin, Chuan; Jin, Qi; Cao, Bin; Wang, Jian-Wei (11 February 2020). "Identification of a novel coronavirus causing severe pneumonia in human: a descriptive study". Chinese Medical Journal. Publish Ahead of Print. doi:10.1097/CM9.0000000000000722. PMID 32004165.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  18. ^ a b c d e "独家 | 新冠病毒基因测序溯源:警报是何时拉响的" [Exclusive | Tracking the source of New Coronavirus gene sequencing: when the alarm sounded] (in Chinese). Caixin. 26 February 2020. Archived from the original on 27 February 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  19. ^ "Genomic epidemiology of novel coronavirus (nCoV): Showing a single strain Wuhan/IPBCAMS-WH-01/2019". Nextstrain.
  20. ^ a b Tan, Wenjie; Zhao, Xiang; Ma, Xuejun; Wang, Wenling; Niu, Peihua; Xu, Wenbo; Gao, George F.; Wu, Guizhen (1 January 2020). "A Novel Coronavirus Genome Identified in a Cluster of Pneumonia Cases — Wuhan, China 2019−2020". China CDC Weekly. 2 (4): 61–62. Archived from the original on 7 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020 – via weekly.chinacdc.cn.
  21. ^ 王嘉兴 (28 January 2020). "钟南山发话前,武汉这位医生向附近学校发出疫情警报". China Youth Daily – via bingdianweekly.
  22. ^ a b 张翀 (8 February 2020). "She is the first reported the emergence of novel coronavirus pneumonia and immediately reported suspicious cases". Workers' Daily.
  23. ^ a b Team, The 2019-nCoV Outbreak Joint Field Epidemiology Investigation; Li, Qun (1 January 2020). "An Outbreak of NCIP (2019-nCoV) Infection in China — Wuhan, Hubei Province, 2019−2020". China CDC Weekly. 2 (5): 79–80. Archived from the original on 28 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020 – via weekly.chinacdc.cn.
  24. ^ a b c "China investigates SARS-like virus as dozens struck by pneumonia". Deutsche Welle. 31 December 2019. Archived from the original on 1 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  25. ^ a b "Promed Post – ProMED-mail". Archived from the original on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  26. ^ "关于群众反映的涉及李文亮医生有关情况调查的通报". Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  27. ^ a b "武汉市卫健委关于当前我市肺炎疫情的情况通报". Wuhan Municipal Health Commission (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 9 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  28. ^ "Chinese Coronavirus Whistleblower Li Wenliang Dies of the Disease – Caixin Global". www.caixinglobal.com. Archived from the original on 7 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  29. ^ a b c Hegarty, Stephanie (6 February 2020). "The Chinese doctor who tried to warn about coronavirus". BBC News. Archived from the original on 6 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  30. ^ a b "Google Translate". translate.google.com.
  31. ^ a b "情况通报2019年12月31日,武汉市卫健部... 来自平安武汉 - 微博". 6 February 2020. Archived from the original on 6 February 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  32. ^ a b Shih, Gerry (4 February 2020). "Chinese doctor Li Wenliang, detained for coronavirus warning, now has the illness". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 7 February 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  33. ^ Green, Andrew (2020). "Li Wenliang". The Lancet. 395 (10225): 682. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30382-2.
  34. ^ "CHP closely monitors cluster of pneumonia cases on Mainland". www.info.gov.hk. Archived from the original on 7 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  35. ^ a b "Chinese officials investigate cause of pneumonia outbreak in Wuhan". Reuters. 31 December 2019. Archived from the original on 2 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  36. ^ a b c d e f "Hong Kong takes emergency steps as mystery 'pneumonia' infects 27 in Wuhan". South China Morning Post. 31 December 2019. Archived from the original on 14 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  37. ^ Hui, David S.; Azhar, Esam EI; Madani, Tariq A.; Ntoumi, Francine; Kock, Richard; Dar, Osman; Ippolito, Giuseppe; Mchugh, Timothy D.; Memish, Ziad A.; Drosten, Christian; Zumla, Alimuddin (14 January 2020). "The continuing epidemic threat of novel coronaviruses to global health – the latest novel coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan, China". International Journal of Infectious Diseasesglish. 91: 264–266. doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2020.01.009. ISSN 1201-9712. PMID 31953166. Archived from the original on 31 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  38. ^ a b c "Pneumonia of Unknown Cause in China – Watch – Level 1, Practice Usual Precautions – Travel Health Notices | Travelers' Health | CDC". wwwnc.cdc.gov. 6 January 2020. Archived from the original on 8 January 2020. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
  39. ^ "WHO | Pneumonia of unknown cause – China".
  40. ^ "Google Translate". translate.google.com.
  41. ^ a b c d "Undiagnosed pneumonia - China (HU) (01): wildlife sales, market closed, RFI Archive Number: 20200102.6866757". Pro-MED-mail. International Society for Infectious Diseases. Archived from the original on 22 January 2020. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  42. ^ a b Parry, Jane (8 January 2020). "Pneumonia in China: lack of information raises concerns among Hong Kong health workers". BMJ. 368: m56. doi:10.1136/bmj.m56. ISSN 1756-1833. PMID 31915179. Archived from the original on 8 January 2020. Retrieved 17 January 2020.
  43. ^ "China CDC Weekly". weekly.chinacdc.cn. Archived from the original on 7 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  44. ^ "The first COVID-19 case originated on November 17, according to Chinese officials searching for 'Patient Zero'". www.msn.com. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  45. ^ Davidson, Helen. "First Covid-19 case happened in November, China government records show - report". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  46. ^ Walker, James (14 March 2020). "Traces Coronavirus to First Confirmed Case, Nearly Identifying 'Patient Zero'". Newsweek. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  47. ^ a b Wilson, James; says, M. D. (4 January 2020). "Experts parse limited information about mystery outbreak in China". Archived from the original on 28 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  48. ^ C-Span. (20 March 2020). White House Coronavirus News Conference. YouTube website approx. 1 hour 2 minutes in. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  49. ^ "'Wuhan virus probably is spreading between people' - RTHK". news.rthk.hk. Archived from the original on 5 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  50. ^ "Wuhan pneumonia: First suspected case reported in Singapore". The Straits Times. 4 January 2020. Archived from the original on 15 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  51. ^ Update On Local Situation Regarding Severe Pneumonia Cluster In Wuhan www.moh.gov.sg, accessed 18 March 2020
  52. ^ a b Gale, Jason (4 January 2020). "China Pneumonia Outbreak Spurs WHO Action as Mystery Lingers". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 14 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  53. ^ Limited, Bangkok Post Public Company. "Chinese pneumonia outbreak raises concerns". www.bangkokpost.com.
  54. ^ a b c Schnirring, Lisa (6 January 2020). "Questions still swirl over China's unexplained pneumonia outbreak". CIDRAP. Archived from the original on 6 January 2020. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
  55. ^ "China pneumonia: Sars ruled out as dozens fall ill in Wuhan". BBC. 5 January 2020. Archived from the original on 6 January 2020. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  56. ^ https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/MN908947.1
  57. ^ O'Reilly, Eileen Drage. "China hunts cause of mysterious pneumonia outbreak in Wuhan". Axios. Archived from the original on 7 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  58. ^ Writer 2020-01-07T12:00:49Z, Nicoletta Lanese-Staff. "A New, Unidentified Virus Is Causing Pneumonia Outbreak in China, Officials Say". livescience.com. Archived from the original on 15 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  59. ^ "Nations step up screening and await word on China's pneumonia outbreak". CIDRAP. Archived from the original on 7 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  60. ^ "Chinese Health Authorities Work To Discover Cause Of Viral Pneumonia Outbreak; CDC Issues Travel Notice For Wuhan". 7 January 2020.
  61. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i_U0_pVY7wU&feature=youtu.be&t=1756
  62. ^ Khan, Natasha (9 January 2020). "New Virus Discovered by Chinese Scientists Investigating Pneumonia Outbreak". Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020 – via www.wsj.com.
  63. ^ Pneumonia cases in China's Wuhan could be due to new type of virus: WHO, archived from the original on 26 January 2020, retrieved 7 February 2020
  64. ^ "South Korea reports 1st possible case of viral pneumonia". AP NEWS. 8 January 2020. Archived from the original on 10 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  65. ^ a b Schnirring, Lisa (9 January 2020). "More details emerge on new coronavirus in Wuhan cluster". CIDRAP. Archived from the original on 10 January 2020. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
  66. ^ "WHO Statement Regarding Cluster of Pneumonia Cases in Wuhan, China". who.int. 9 January 2020. Archived from the original on 14 January 2020. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
  67. ^ a b c Schnirring, Lisa (10 January 2020). "Pressure builds on China to share info on new coronavirus". CIDRAP. Archived from the original on 10 January 2020. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  68. ^ Lucey, Daniel; Sparrow, Annie (14 January 2020). "China Deserves Some Credit for Its Handling of the Wuhan Pneumonia". Foreign Policy. Archived from the original on 15 January 2020. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  69. ^ a b c d e Schnirring, Lisa (11 January 2020). "China releases genetic data on new coronavirus, now deadly". CIDRAP. Archived from the original on 11 January 2020. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
  70. ^ Qin, Amy; Hernández, Javier C. (10 January 2020). "China Reports First Death From New Virus". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 11 January 2020. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  71. ^ "Update: Cluster of pneumonia cases associated with novel coronavirus – Wuhan, China – 2019". European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. 14 January 2020. Archived from the original on 20 January 2020. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  72. ^ "China reports first death in Wuhan pneumonia outbreak". The Straits Times. 11 January 2019. Archived from the original on 11 January 2020. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  73. ^ a b c Schnirring, Lisa; 2020 (13 January 2020). "Thailand finds Wuhan novel coronavirus in traveler from China". CIDRAP. Archived from the original on 13 January 2020. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  74. ^ a b Gan, Nectar (9 January 2020). "A new virus related to SARS is the culprit in China's mysterious pneumonia outbreak, scientists say". CNN. Archived from the original on 9 January 2020. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
  75. ^ a b "Wuhan seafood market pneumonia virus isolate Wuhan-Hu-1, complete genome". NCBI Genbank. National Center for Biotechnology Information. 17 January 2020. Archived from the original on 21 January 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  76. ^ a b "特稿 | 深圳"人传人"结论是如何得出的" [Feature | How Shenzhen's "people-to-people" conclusion was reached] (in Chinese). Caixin. 1 March 2020.
  77. ^ Zhao Jinzhao, Huang Yuxin. (27 February 2020). "Tracking gene sequencing of the novel coronavirus: when did the alarm go off".Caixin website Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  78. ^ Zhuang Pinghui. (27 February 2020). "Chinese laboratory that first shared coronavirus genome with world ordered to close for ‘rectification’, hindering its Covid-19 research". South China Morning Post Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  79. ^ Schnirring, Lisa (7 January 2020). "Nations step up screening and await word on China's pneumonia outbreak". CIDRAP. Archived from the original on 7 January 2020. Retrieved 8 January 2020.
  80. ^ "Novel Coronavirus 2019 | CDC". www.cdc.gov. 13 January 2020. Archived from the original on 14 January 2020. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  81. ^ "WHO | Novel Coronavirus – Thailand (ex-China)". WHO. 14 January 2020. Archived from the original on 21 January 2020. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  82. ^ a b Schnirring, Lisa (14 January 2020). "Report: Thailand's coronavirus patient didn't visit outbreak market". CIDRAP. Archived from the original on 14 January 2020. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  83. ^ "Novel Coronavirus 2019 | CDC". www.cdc.gov. 15 January 2020. Archived from the original on 14 January 2020. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  84. ^ Sarah Newey (14 January 2020). "WHO refuses to rule out human-to-human spread in China's mystery coronavirus outbreak". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  85. ^ "Wuhan virus has limited human-to-human transmission but could spread wider: WHO, East Asia News & Top Stories". The Straits Times. 14 January 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  86. ^ a b Schirring, Lisa; 2020 (16 January 2020). "Japan has 1st novel coronavirus case; China reports another death". CIDRAP. Archived from the original on 20 January 2020. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  87. ^ "China says second person dies in Wuhan pneumonia outbreak". Reuters. 17 January 2020. Archived from the original on 17 January 2020. Retrieved 17 January 2020.
  88. ^ Walter, Sim (16 January 2020). "Japan confirms first case of infection from Wuhan coronavirus; Vietnam quarantines two tourists". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 16 January 2020. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  89. ^ "WHO | Novel Coronavirus – Japan (ex-China)". WHO. Retrieved 17 January 2020.
  90. ^ Wee, Sui-Lee (15 January 2020). "Japan and Thailand Confirm New Cases of Chinese Coronavirus". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 16 January 2020. Retrieved 17 January 2020.
  91. ^ "CHP closely monitors additional confirmed case of infection of novel coronavirus in Thailand". www.info.gov.hk. 17 January 2020. Retrieved 17 January 2020.
  92. ^ Schnirring, Lisa; 2020 (17 January 2020). "As Thailand notes 2nd nCoV case, CDC begins airport screening". CIDRAP. Archived from the original on 17 January 2020. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  93. ^ a b Qiao, Long; Sing, Man; Wong, Siu-san (29 January 2020). "Airlines Cut Flights to China As Coronavirus Infections Spike". Radio Free Asia. Archived from the original on 31 January 2020. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  94. ^ France-Presse, Agence (19 January 2020). "Coronavirus: China reports 17 new cases of Sars-like mystery virus". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 20 January 2020. Retrieved 19 January 2020.
  95. ^ 武汉"万家宴":他们的淡定让人没法淡定. Xinjingbao.
  96. ^ "Subscribe to read". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 6 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  97. ^ 广东确诊1例新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎病例. Sina News (in Chinese). 20 January 2020.
  98. ^ "武汉市卫生健康委员会". wjw.wuhan.gov.cn. Archived from the original on 20 January 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  99. ^ "China reports 136 more cases in two days" (in Chinese). Wuhan Municipal Health Commission. 20 January 2020. Archived from the original on 20 January 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  100. ^ Lily Kuo. "China confirms human-to-human transmission of coronavirus | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  101. ^ a b "Chinese premier stresses curbing viral pneumonia epidemic". China Daily. Beijing: Xinhua News Agency. 21 January 2020. Archived from the original on 22 January 2020. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  102. ^ 박상수 (20 January 2020). "S. Korea reports 1st confirmed case of China coronavirus". Yonhap News Agency. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  103. ^ a b hermesauto (20 January 2020). "Wuhan virus: China announces more confirmed cases, including in Shanghai and Guangdong". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 21 January 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  104. ^ a b Cheng, Chao Deng and Jonathan. "Coronavirus Is Spreading Quickly Across China as Confirmed Cases Triple". WSJ. Archived from the original on 21 January 2020. Retrieved 21 January 2020.
  105. ^ a b c d e f "Warning against cover-up as China virus cases jump". BBC News. 21 January 2020. Archived from the original on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  106. ^ Gan, Nectar; Xiong, Yong; Mackintosh, Eliza. "China confirms new coronavirus can spread between humans". CNN. Archived from the original on 20 January 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  107. ^ "Another South Korean at Singapore work conference infected with coronavirus | The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. Archived from the original on 6 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  108. ^ "Coronavirus: Two new local infections in Singapore confirmed". The Edge Markets. 7 February 2020. Archived from the original on 6 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  109. ^ a b c "WHO probes Singapore meet linked to spread of virus". 6 February 2020. Archived from the original on 6 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020 – via www.reuters.com.
  110. ^ "Singapore confirms first case of Wuhan virus; second case likely". The Straits Times. 23 January 2020. Archived from the original on 24 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  111. ^ "Coronavirus: Malaysia confirms human transmission arising from Singapore meeting". South China Morning Post. 6 February 2020. Archived from the original on 6 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  112. ^ Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Situation Report - 1 21 January 2020 (PDF), archived (PDF) from the original on 29 January 2020, retrieved 8 February 2020
  113. ^ "国家卫生健康委确认我省首例输入性 新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎确诊病例". www.zjwjw.gov.cn. Retrieved 21 January 2020.
  114. ^ "天津确诊2例新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎病例".[permanent dead link]
  115. ^ "广东省新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎疫情通报".
  116. ^ "上海卫生健康委员会新增4例新型冠狀病毒感染的肺炎确診病例".[permanent dead link]
  117. ^ a b "国家卫生健康委确认我省首例输入性新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎确诊病例". www.hnwsjsw.gov.cn. Retrieved 21 January 2020.
  118. ^ "全球累計313宗武漢新型肺炎病例 重慶出現首宗案例". Now 新聞 (in Chinese). Retrieved 21 January 2020.
  119. ^ "青岛市疑似新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎病例被国家卫生健康委确认为确诊病例".[permanent dead link]
  120. ^ "湖南全力做好新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎疫情防控工作".
  121. ^ "昆明市卫生健康委关于新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎疫情的情况通报".
  122. ^ "江西省確認2例輸入性新型冠狀病毒感染的肺炎確診病例". Archived from the original on 22 January 2020.
  123. ^ "Wuhan authorities report fourth death from coronavirus outbreak". CNA. 21 January 2020. Archived from the original on 21 January 2020. Retrieved 21 January 2020.
  124. ^ "Cases of deadly coronavirus spike as officials confirm human-to-human spread". NBC News. Retrieved 21 January 2020.
  125. ^ "Taiwan Centers for Disease Control". Archived from the original on 21 January 2020.
  126. ^ CDC (21 January 2020). "2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV)". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-us. Archived from the original on 21 January 2020. Retrieved 21 January 2020.
  127. ^ Correspondent, Elizabeth Cohen, Senior Medical. "CDC confirms first US case of Wuhan coronavirus". CNN. Archived from the original on 21 January 2020. Retrieved 21 January 2020.
  128. ^ "China's Wuhan Institute Files to Patent the Use of Gilead's Remdesivir for Coronavirus". BioSpace. Archived from the original on 6 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  129. ^ Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Situation Report - 2 22 January 2020 (PDF), archived (PDF) from the original on 6 February 2020, retrieved 8 February 2020
  130. ^ "消息指曾赴武漢抵港內地男 初步確診新型冠狀病毒 | 新聞 – Yahoo雅虎香港". hk.news.yahoo.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  131. ^ "澳門確診第2宗武漢肺炎 患者為66歲男遊客" [66-year-old male tourist diagnosed with pneumonia in Wuhan]. hk.on.cc (in Chinese). 23 January 2020. Archived from the original on 24 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  132. ^ "China coronavirus: Hong Kong reports second case of infection hours after first". South China Morning Post. 22 January 2020. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  133. ^ "地图|中国武汉肺炎确诊病例实时动态". m.datanews.caixin.com. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  134. ^ "辽宁省卫生健康委员会". wsjk.ln.gov.cn. Archived from the original on 22 February 2020. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  135. ^ "国家卫生健康委确认我省首例输入性新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎确诊病例". www.gzhfpc.gov.cn. Retrieved 22 January 2020.[permanent dead link]
  136. ^ "2019年-2020年新型冠狀病毒肺炎事件", 维基百科,自由的百科全书 (in Chinese), 22 January 2020, retrieved 22 January 2020
  137. ^ "安徽省报告首例新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎确诊病例 – 工作动态 – 安徽省卫生健康委员会". wjw.ah.gov.cn. Archived from the original on 22 January 2020. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  138. ^ "山西省卫生健康委员会网站-卫健要闻". wjw.shanxi.gov.cn. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  139. ^ "国家卫生健康委确认我区首例输入性新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎确诊病例-宁夏回族自治区卫生健康委员会". wsjkw.nx.gov.cn. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  140. ^ 国际在线 (22 January 2020). "海南确诊4例新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎". tech.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  141. ^ "湖南省新增3例新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎确诊病例".
  142. ^ "广西确诊2例新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎病例".
  143. ^ "Wuhan virus: 2 more cases confirmed in Thailand". CNA. Archived from the original on 22 January 2020. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  144. ^ graph shows how fast the Wuhan virus has spread so far and how close it is to becoming a pandemic, Bill Bostock ,Business Insider•January 22, 2020
  145. ^ Columbia's coronavirus could have same death rate as Spanish flu pandemic that killed 50m people Yahoo Style UK Alexandra Thompson, January 22, 2020.
  146. ^ Daily, China (22 January 2020). "Public #transportation such as bus, subway, ferry and long-distance bus in Wuhan will be temporarily closed since 10am Thursday. All flights and trains departed from #Wuhan will be temporarily cancelled to reduce risk of spread of the new virus, local govt says. #coronaviruspic.twitter.com/gtzIlFszaf". Archived from the original on 1 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  147. ^ Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Situation Report - 3 23 January 2020 (PDF), archived (PDF) from the original on 6 February 2020, retrieved 8 February 2020
  148. ^ "江苏省卫生健康委员会 要闻动态 国家卫生健康委确认苏州一例新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎确诊病例". wjw.jiangsu.gov.cn. Archived from the original on 23 January 2020. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  149. ^ "--黑龙江省卫生健康委员会". wsjkw.hlj.gov.cn. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  150. ^ "2020年1月23日福建省新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎疫情情况".[permanent dead link]
  151. ^ "广西新增3例新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎确诊病例".
  152. ^ 健康上海12320 (23 January 2020). "上海新增7例新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎确诊病例". news.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  153. ^ www.bjnews.com.cn. "新疆首次确诊2例输入性新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎病例". www.bjnews.com.cn. Archived from the original on 24 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  154. ^ www.bjnews.com.cn. "陕西确诊3例新型肺炎病例". www.bjnews.com.cn. Archived from the original on 24 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  155. ^ "甘肃省确认2例新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎确诊病例". Archived from the original on 28 January 2020.
  156. ^ "Macau confirms second patient infected with Wuhan virus". South China Morning Post. 23 January 2020. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  157. ^ Goh, Timothy; Toh, Ting Wei (23 January 2020). "Singapore confirms first case of Wuhan virus". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 24 January 2020. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  158. ^ "Vietnam confirms first acute pneumonia cases from Wuhan virus". 23 January 2020.
  159. ^ Phan, Lan T.; Nguyen, Thuong V.; Luong, Quang C.; Nguyen, Thinh V.; Nguyen, Hieu T.; Le, Hung Q.; Nguyen, Thuc T.; Cao, Thang M.; Pham, Quang D. (2020). "Importation and Human-to-Human Transmission of a Novel Coronavirus in Vietnam". New England Journal of Medicine. 382 (9): 872–874. doi:10.1056/NEJMc2001272. PMID 31991079.
  160. ^ Zhou, Peng; Yang, Xing-Lou; Wang, Xian-Guang; Hu, Ben; Zhang, Lei; Zhang, Wei; Si, Hao-Rui; Zhu, Yan; Li, Bei; Huang, Chao-Lin; Chen, Hui-Dong; Chen, Jing; Luo, Yun; Guo, Hua; Jiang, Ren-Di; Liu, Mei-Qin; Chen, Ying; Shen, Xu-Rui; Wang, Xi; Zheng, Xiao-Shuang; Zhao, Kai; Chen, Quan-Jiao; Deng, Fei; Liu, Lin-Lin; Yan, Bing; Zhan, Fa-Xian; Wang, Yan-Yi; Xiao, Geng-Fu; Shi, Zheng-Li (1 March 2020). "A pneumonia outbreak associated with a new coronavirus of probable bat origin". Nature. 579 (7798): 270–273. doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2012-7. PMC 7095418. PMID 32015507 – via www.nature.com.
  161. ^ Zhou, Peng; Yang, Xing-Lou; Wang, Xian-Guang; Hu, Ben; Zhang, Lei; Zhang, Wei; Si, Hao-Rui; Zhu, Yan; Li, Bei; Huang, Chao-Lin; Chen, Hui-Dong; Chen, Jing; Luo, Yun; Guo, Hua; Jiang, Ren-Di; Liu, Mei-Qin; Chen, Ying; Shen, Xu-Rui; Wang, Xi; Zheng, Xiao-Shuang; Zhao, Kai; Chen, Quan-Jiao; Deng, Fei; Liu, Lin-Lin; Yan, Bing; Zhan, Fa-Xian; Wang, Yan-Yi; Xiao, Geng-Fu; Shi, Zheng-Li (2020), Discovery of a novel coronavirus associated with the recent pneumonia outbreak in humans and its potential bat origin, doi:10.1101/2020.01.22.914952
  162. ^ a b "直击武汉天河机场:"封城"前有96架航班飞往全国". Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  163. ^ Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Situation Report - 4 24 January 2020 (PDF), archived (PDF) from the original on 6 February 2020, retrieved 8 February 2020
  164. ^ "2020年1月24日0时至12时山东省新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎疫情情况".[permanent dead link]
  165. ^ "湖南省新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎疫情信息发布". Archived from the original on 27 January 2020.
  166. ^ "2020年1月24日辽宁省新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎疫情情况".[permanent dead link]
  167. ^ "福建省报告新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎疫情情况".[permanent dead link]
  168. ^ "2020年1月24日安徽省新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎疫情情况". Archived from the original on 27 January 2020.
  169. ^ "全区新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎疫情通报". Archived from the original on 29 January 2020.
  170. ^ "【澎湃政务】_沪新增13例新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎确诊病例!上海铁路局、市民政局发布最新通知_权威发布_澎湃新闻-ThePaper.cn". m.thepaper.cn. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  171. ^ Gallagher, Chris (23 January 2020). "Japan confirms second case of Wuhan virus: health ministry". Reuters. Archived from the original on 28 January 2020.
  172. ^ "Three cities under lockdown as coronavirus outbreak kills dozens in China". CNN. 23 January 2020.
  173. ^ "2nd U.S. Case Of Wuhan Coronavirus Confirmed". NPR.org. Archived from the original on 24 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  174. ^ Khalik, Salma; Goh, Timothy (24 January 2020). "Singapore confirms 2 more Wuhan virus cases, bringing total to three infected". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 24 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  175. ^ Limited, Bangkok Post Public Company. "Fifth coronavirus case in Thailand". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  176. ^ "CHP investigates three additional imported cases of novel coronavirus infection". alt="The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region". Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  177. ^ "China battles coronavirus outbreak: All the latest updates". Al Jazeera. 24 January 2020. Archived from the original on 28 January 2020.
  178. ^ "Coronavirus outbreak: First confirmed cases in Europe as France declares three infections". Sky News. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  179. ^ "Coronavirus : un troisième cas d'infection confirmé en France". Le Monde.fr (in French). 24 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  180. ^ Jacob, Etienne (24 January 2020). "Coronavirus: trois premiers cas confirmés en France". Le Figaro.fr (in French).
  181. ^ "France declares first two confirmed cases of coronavirus". Reuters. 24 January 2020.
  182. ^ "Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) SITUATION REPORT - 4" (PDF). World Health Organization. 24 January 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on 25 January 2020.
  183. ^ Wang, Chen; Horby, Peter W.; Hayden, Frederick G.; Gao, George F. (24 January 2020). "A novel coronavirus outbreak of global health concern". The Lancet. 0 (10223): 470–473. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30185-9. PMID 31986257 – via www.thelancet.com.
  184. ^ a b "CPC leadership meets to discuss novel coronavirus prevention, control". People's Daily Online. 25 January 2020. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020. Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, chaired the meeting.
  185. ^ "Spread of coronavirus 'accelerating', warns China president". The Independent. 25 January 2020. Archived from the original on 4 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  186. ^ Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Situation Report - 5 25 January 2020 (PDF), archived (PDF) from the original on 6 February 2020, retrieved 8 February 2020
  187. ^ Daoud, Elizabeth (25 January 2020). "First Australian coronavirus case confirmed in Victoria". 7 News.
  188. ^ Doherty, Ben (25 January 2020). "Coronavirus: three cases in NSW and one in Victoria as infection reaches Australia". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  189. ^ Cunningham, Melissa; McCauley, Dana (25 January 2020). "Coronavirus spreads across Australia amid scramble to find more cases". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  190. ^ "Wuhan virus: Malaysia confirms first 3 cases; all patients related to Chinese national who was Singapore's first case". CNA. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  191. ^ Times, New Straits (25 January 2020). "[Breaking] 3 coronavirus cases confirmed in Johor Baru". NST Online. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  192. ^ hermesauto (25 January 2020). "Wuhan virus: Malaysia confirms 4 cases, 3 patients related to Singapore's first confirmed case". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  193. ^ "Japan confirms third case of Wuhan virus". Reuters. 25 January 2020. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  194. ^ "Patient admitted with novel coronavirus - Sunnybrook Hospital". sunnybrook.ca. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  195. ^ "Thailand reports 7 confirmed cases of Wuhan virus, airport continues to limit temperature scans". CNA. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  196. ^ "MOH | News Highlights". www.moh.gov.sg. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  197. ^ "Two suspected cases of Coronavirus investigated at IDH Sri Lanka". Daily Mirror. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  198. ^ "Doctor at hospital in China's Hubei province dies from coronavirus - state media". Reuters. 25 January 2020. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  199. ^ Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Situation Report - 6 26 January 2020 (PDF), archived (PDF) from the original on 6 February 2020, retrieved 8 February 2020
  200. ^ "Shanghai Reports First Death From China Coronavirus". NDTV.com. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  201. ^ "Los Angeles County's First Case of Deadly Novel Coronavirus Confirmed". NBC Los Angeles. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  202. ^ "Novel Coronavirus 2019 Situation Summary, Wuhan, China | CDC". www.cdc.gov. 29 January 2020. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  203. ^ "Government confirms 5 cases of coronavirus so far in Macau". Macau News. 26 January 2020. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  204. ^ "China coronavirus-Hong Kong's sixth patient". South China Morning Post. 26 January 2020.
  205. ^ "สธ.ยืนยันพบผู้ป่วย "ไวรัสโคโรนา" 8 ราย". PPTVHD36 (in Thai). 25 January 2020. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  206. ^ a b "Chinese scientists race to develop vaccine as coronavirus death toll jumps". SCMP. 26 January 2020. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  207. ^ a b "China CDC developing novel coronavirus vaccine". Xinhua. 26 January 2020. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  208. ^ "Ivory Coast fears China virus has reached Africa". BBC News. 26 January 2020. Archived from the original on 28 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  209. ^ a b "WHO chief says he is on way to China to confer on virus, boost response". Reuters. 26 January 2020. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  210. ^ a b "China orders nationwide measures to detect virus on flights, trains, buses". news.yahoo.com. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  211. ^ Sparrow, Annie. "How China's Coronavirus Is Spreading—and How to Stop It". Archived from the original on 31 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  212. ^ Novel Coronavirus(2019-nCoV) Situation Report - 7 (PDF), archived (PDF) from the original on 31 January 2020, retrieved 8 February 2020
  213. ^ Dr Gabriel Leung Dean of Medicine dire projection, archived from the original on 1 February 2020, retrieved 8 February 2020
  214. ^ Wu, Joseph T.; Leung, Kathy; Leung, Gabriel M. (31 January 2020). "Nowcasting and forecasting the potential domestic and international spread of the 2019-nCoV outbreak originating in Wuhan, China: a modelling study". The Lancet. 0 (10225): 689–697. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30260-9. PMID 32014114.
  215. ^ Chin, Josh (28 January 2020). "Wuhan Mayor Says Beijing Rules Partially Responsible for Lack of Transparency". Archived from the original on 7 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020 – via www.wsj.com.
  216. ^ "Ontario Confirms Second Presumptive Case of Wuhan Novel Coronavirus". Queen's Printer for Ontario. 27 January 2020. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  217. ^ "Australia's fifth coronavirus case confirmed as death toll rises". 7NEWS.com.au. 27 January 2020. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  218. ^ "Subscribe to The Australian". www.theaustralian.com.au. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  219. ^ "First confirmed case of Coronavirus reported in Sri Lanka". adaderana.lk. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  220. ^ "Coronavirus claims first life in China's capital, as global spread continues". ABC News. 28 January 2020. Archived from the original on 28 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  221. ^ Toh, Yong Chuan (28 January 2020). "Wuhan virus: Singapore confirms 5th case; patient from Wuhan stayed at her family's home in Ceylon Road". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 28 January 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  222. ^ "Erster Fall des Coronavirus in Deutschland bestätigt" (in German). 28 January 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  223. ^ "Germany confirms first case of coronavirus | DW | 27.01.2020". DW.COM. Archived from the original on 28 January 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  224. ^ "Wuhan virus: Taiwan reports first case of domestic coronavirus transmission". The Straits Times. 28 January 2020. Archived from the original on 7 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  225. ^ "Beijing reports capital's first death from coronavirus". France 24. 27 January 2020. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  226. ^ "Coronavirus: Zwei Personen negativ getestet, doch zwei neue Verdachtsfälle". derStandard (in German). 27 January 2020. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  227. ^ "Posibil caz de coronavirus în România. Reacția Ministerului Sănătății: "Este foarte puțin probabil"". digi24.ro (in Romanian). 27 January 2020. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  228. ^ Neagu, Alina (26 February 2020). "Primul caz de infecție cu coronavirus, confirmat oficial în România: Un bărbat din Gorj ce a intrat în contact cu italianul care a vizitat recent țara noastră". HotNews.ro. Archived from the original on 26 February 2020. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
  229. ^ Ficiu, Loredana (27 February 2020). "Detalii despre primul român diagnosticat cu noul coronavirus. Are 20 de ani și locuiește în comuna Prigoria - UPDATE". Mediafax. Archived from the original on 28 February 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  230. ^ "Ecuador reports first suspected case of coronavirus". The Tico Times Costa Rica. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  231. ^ @elcomerciocom (29 February 2020). "Ministra de Salud confirma primer caso de #coronavirus en Ecuador" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  232. ^ "Pacific nations on alert for coronavirus, 6 quarantined in Fiji". Newshub. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  233. ^ "Dwoje dzieci ze Śląska trafiło na dziecięcy oddział zakaźny krakowskiego szpitala im. Żeromskiego. Wraz z rodzicami wracały przez Pekin do kraju i zachorowały". krakow.wyborcza.pl (in Polish). 27 January 2020. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  234. ^ a b iKon.mn, Г. Өлзийхутаг (27 January 2020). "Хэнтий аймгийн эмнэлэгт нас барсан охины цогцсоос сорьц авч, дээжийг ХӨСҮТ-д илгээсэн". ikon.mn. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  235. ^ Verdachtsfälle in der Schweiz gemeldet (in German), 27 January 2020, archived from the original on 26 January 2020, retrieved 27 January 2020
  236. ^ Two quarantined patients do not have coronavirus, confirms Zurich hospital, 27 January 2020, archived from the original on 27 January 2020, retrieved 27 January 2020
  237. ^ Saey, Tina Hesman (31 January 2020). "The first case of coronavirus being spread by a person with no symptoms has been found". Archived from the original on 3 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  238. ^ Joseph,STAT, Andrew. "Study Reports First Case of Coronavirus Spread By Asymptomatic Person". Scientific American. Archived from the original on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  239. ^ "First case of coronavirus spread by a person showing no symptoms". 31 January 2020. Archived from the original on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  240. ^ Rothe, Camilla; Schunk, Mirjam; Sothmann, Peter; Bretzel, Gisela; Froeschl, Guenter; Wallrauch, Claudia; Zimmer, Thorbjörn; Thiel, Verena; Janke, Christian; Guggemos, Wolfgang; Seilmaier, Michael; Drosten, Christian; Vollmar, Patrick; Zwirglmaier, Katrin; Zange, Sabine; Wölfel, Roman; Hoelscher, Michael (30 January 2020). "Transmission of 2019-nCoV Infection from an Asymptomatic Contact in Germany". New England Journal of Medicine. 0 (10): 970–971. doi:10.1056/NEJMc2001468. PMID 32003551.
  241. ^ Chad Terhune, Dan Levine, Hyunjoo Jin, and Jane Lanhee Lee. (18 March 2020). "Special Report: How Korea trounced U.S. in race to test people for coronavirus". Reuters website Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  242. ^ "Whistleblower Li Wenliang: There Should Be More Than One Voice In A Healthy Society". www.caixinglobal.com. Archived from the original on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  243. ^ 治理有关新型肺炎的谣言问题,这篇文章说清楚了! [Regarding the issue of authorities handling the new novel coronavirus as rumours]. Supreme People's Court. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  244. ^ Novel Coronavirus(2019-nCoV) Situation Report - 8 (PDF), archived (PDF) from the original on 2 February 2020, retrieved 8 February 2020
  245. ^ "Thailand 'not able to stop the spread' of new coronavirus". Sky News. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  246. ^ a b "Wuhan virus: 2 new confirmed cases in Singapore, bringing total to 7; no entry or transit for new visitors from Hubei". The Straits Times. 28 January 2020. Archived from the original on 28 January 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  247. ^ "Japan sees 1st coronavirus case not linked to recent travel to China". 28 January 2020. Archived from the original on 29 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020 – via Kyodo News.
  248. ^ "Japan reports new coronavirus cases as it moves to evacuate nationals from Wuhan". 28 January 2020. Archived from the original on 28 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020 – via The Japan Times.
  249. ^ Zeitung, Süddeutsche. "Drei weitere Infizierte in Bayern". Süddeutsche.de (in German). Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  250. ^ "Quatrième cas en France, le patient en réanimation". Franceinfo (in French). Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  251. ^ "Brasil tem 2 novos casos suspeitos de coronavírus em São Leopoldo e em Curitiba, diz Ministério da Saúde". G1. Archived from the original on 31 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  252. ^ "First presumptive case of coronavirus confirmed in B.C." Global News. Archived from the original on 28 January 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  253. ^ Ming, Wai-kit; Huang, Jian; Zhang, Casper J. P. (28 January 2020). "Breaking down of the healthcare system: Mathematical modelling for controlling the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) outbreak in Wuhan, China". bioRxiv: 2020.01.27.922443. doi:10.1101/2020.01.27.922443. Archived from the original on 1 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020 – via www.biorxiv.org.
  254. ^ "Doherty Institute scientists first to grow and share Wuhan coronavirus". www.doherty.edu.au. Archived from the original on 28 January 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  255. ^ a b c "襄阳火车站关闭,湖北省最后一个地级市"封城"_媒体_澎湃新闻-The Paper". www.thepaper.cn. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  256. ^ a b Novel Coronavirus(2019-nCoV) Situation Report - 9 (PDF), archived (PDF) from the original on 6 February 2020, retrieved 8 February 2020
  257. ^ a b 人民日报 (29 January 2020). "西藏新增新型冠状病毒肺炎1例疑似病例". news.sina.com.cn. Archived from the original on 29 January 2020. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  258. ^ a b "西藏启动重大突发公共卫生事件Ⅰ级响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". jiemian.com. Retrieved 29 January 2020.[permanent dead link]
  259. ^ a b "湖北省各类企业复工时间不早于2月13日24时". cnhubei.com (in Chinese). 29 January 2020. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  260. ^ "Coronavirus: First case confirmed in UAE". gulfnews.com. Archived from the original on 29 January 2020. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  261. ^ "Coronavirus in UAE: Four of a family infected". gulfnews.com. Archived from the original on 29 January 2020. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  262. ^ "Finland's first coronavirus case confirmed in Lapland". Finland: YLE. 29 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  263. ^ "Singapore confirms 3 new cases of Wuhan virus; total of 10 infected". CNA. Archived from the original on 29 January 2020. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  264. ^ "Three more positive coronavirus cases in Malaysia, bringing total to 7". New Straits Times. 29 January 2020. Archived from the original on 29 January 2020. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  265. ^ 日本放送協会. "バスでガイド 大阪の女性 ウイルスに感染 奈良の運転手と同乗" (in Japanese). Japan: NHKニュース. Archived from the original on 29 January 2020. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  266. ^ "新型肺炎 29日帰国の3人感染確認 うち2人は発熱など症状なし". NHKニュース. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  267. ^ "Coronavirus en France: un cinquième cas confirmé, la fille du touriste chinois hospitalisé à Paris" [Coronavirus in France: A fith case confirmed, the daughter of a Chinese tourist hospitalised in Paris]. BFM TV (in French). 29 January 2020. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  268. ^ "Two Chinese nationals placed in isolation wards in Armenia amid first suspected case of coronavirus". Armenpress.am. 29 January 2020. Archived from the original on 1 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  269. ^ "Brasil tem 9 casos suspeitos de coronavírus em 6 estados". G1 (in Portuguese). Brazil: O Globo. Archived from the original on 29 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  270. ^ "Air Canada suspends all direct flights to China as coronavirus spreads". Vancouver Island. 29 January 2020. Archived from the original on 1 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  271. ^ Novel Coronavirus(2019-nCoV) Situation Report - 10 (PDF), archived (PDF) from the original on 31 January 2020, retrieved 8 February 2020
  272. ^ "西藏自治区确诊首例新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎病例_西藏自治区卫生健康委员会". wjw.xizang.gov.cn. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  273. ^ "Coronavirus: Death toll rises as virus spreads to every Chinese region". bbc.co.uk. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  274. ^ "Kerala reports first confirmed coronavirus case in India". India: indiatoday.com. 30 January 2020. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  275. ^ "Philippines confirms first case of novel coronavirus". Philippines: cnnphilippines.com. 30 January 2020. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  276. ^ "新型肺炎 国内感染者14人に 新たに男女3人感染確認". NHK. 30 January 2020. Archived from the original on 1 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  277. ^ Harun, Hana Naz (30 January 2020). "Another Chinese national tests positive for 2019-nCoV". NST Online. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  278. ^ "Wuhan virus: 3 new cases confirmed in Singapore, bringing tally to 13". CNA. 30 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  279. ^ "S. Korea reports 2 more cases of new coronavirus, 1st human transmission". The Korea Herald. 30 January 2020. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  280. ^ "First Vietnamese citizens test positive for coronavirus". vietnamnews.vn. 30 January 2020. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  281. ^ "France confirms sixth case of coronavirus infection, health official says". France 24. 30 January 2020. Archived from the original on 31 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  282. ^ a b Foundation, Thomson Reuters. "Two first coronavirus cases confirmed in Italy - prime minister". news.trust.org. Archived from the original on 1 February 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  283. ^ "Aktuelle Informationen zur Coronavirus-Lage in Bayern - Bayerisches Gesundheitsministerium: Ein neuer Fall im Landkreis Traunstein bestätigt". Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Gesundheit und Pflege (in German). 30 January 2020. Archived from the original on 31 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  284. ^ "Coronavirus spreads for first time in U.S., CDC says". www.nbcnews.com. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  285. ^ Novel Coronavirus(2019-nCoV) Situation Report - 11 (PDF)
  286. ^ Stanglin, Doug. "Britain, Russia report first cases of coronavirus as illness spreads to 20 countries". USA TODAY. Archived from the original on 6 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  287. ^ "Coronavirus: Two cases confirmed in UK". BBC. 31 January 2020. Archived from the original on 31 January 2020. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  288. ^ "Första bekräftade fallet av coronavirus i Sverige – kvinna hålls isolerad". Aftonbladet. Archived from the original on 1 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  289. ^ "Spain Confirms First Case of Coronavirus". Yahoo. Archived from the original on 31 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  290. ^ "LIVE: Coronavirus: Bay Area's 1st case confirmed in Santa Clara County, CDC says". ABC7 San Francisco. 31 January 2020. Archived from the original on 31 January 2020. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  291. ^ "Coronavirus updates: Third case of coronavirus confirmed in London, Ont., bringing Canadian cases to four | National Post". 31 January 2020.
  292. ^ "Thailand confirms first human-to-human coronavirus transmission, total cases rises to 19". CNA. 31 January 2020. Archived from the original on 31 January 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  293. ^ "Human transmission of coronavirus confirmed in Thailand". Bangkok Post. 31 January 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  294. ^ "Singaporean evacuated from Wuhan among country's 3 new cases of coronavirus, total now 16: MOH". CNA. 31 January 2020. Archived from the original on 1 February 2020. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  295. ^ a b "Coronavirus: Chinese health experts warn patients can get reinfected". South China Morning Post. 31 January 2020. Archived from the original on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  296. ^ "这些天,稳健医疗做了什么". Winner Medical Group. 27 January 2020.
  297. ^ "UNDIAGNOSED PNEUMONIA – CHINA (HUBEI): REQUEST FOR INFORMATION. Archive Number: 20191230.6864153". Pro-MED-mail. International Society for Infectious Diseases. Retrieved 19 January 2020.
  298. ^ Wuhan Health Committee. "关于做好不明原因肺炎救治工作的急通知" (PDF). Chinese Human Rights Defenders (in Chinese). Retrieved 14 February 2020. (File:关于做好不明原因肺炎救治工作的紧急通知.pdf)
  299. ^ 王海丁 (31 December 2019). "江宁婆婆 - 新浪微博". Archived from the original on 1 March 2020.
  300. ^ 8人散布不实消息被武汉公安查处 胡锡进透露内情. Guanchazhe
  301. ^ "China rules out SARS in mystery viral pneumonia outbreak". CNA. Archived from the original on 6 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  302. ^ 杜玮 (17 February 2020). "亲历者讲述:武汉市中心医院医护人员被感染始末". China News Weekly. Archived from the original on 17 February 2020.
  303. ^ "習近平「1月7日に感染対策指示」は虚偽か". Yahoo! Japan News. 16 February 2020.
  304. ^ Griffiths, James (17 February 2020). "Did Xi Jinping know about the coronavirus outbreak earlier than first suggested?". CNN.
  305. ^ 新时代学习工作室 (17 February 2020). "一条时间轴纵览习近平的战"疫"日志". 人民网-中国共产党新闻网.
  306. ^ "2020年春运从1月10日开始". People's Daily. 26 December 2019.
  307. ^ 省十三届人大三次会议闭幕 批准政府工作报告等 表决通过《湖北省乡村振兴促进条例》 Archived 2020-01-29 at the Wayback Machine. Hubei Daily.
  308. ^ Pinghui, Zhuang (28 February 2020). "Chinese laboratory that first shared coronavirus genome with world ordered to close for 'rectification', hindering its Covid-19 research". South China Morning Post.
  309. ^ "武漢收治肺炎患者醫院守衛森嚴 本港記者被帶到派出所". RTHK. 14 January 2020.
  310. ^ Wearden, Graeme (15 January 2020). "US and China sign Phase One trade deal, but experts are sceptical - business live". The Guardian.
  311. ^ Donnan, Shawn; Wingrove, Josh; Mohsin, Saleha (15 January 2020). "U.S. and China Sign Phase One of Trade Deal". Bloomberg.
  312. ^ Qin, Amy; Wang, Vivian (22 January 2020). "Wuhan, Center of Coronavirus Outbreak, Is Cut Off by Chinese Authorities". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  313. ^ a b "武漢肺炎》高調「#逃離武漢」 封城前夕至少30萬人逃出 - 國際". 自由電子報 (in Chinese). 23 January 2020. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  314. ^ 东格 (11 February 2020). "中国新闻周刊被删封面文章 | '李想俣; 李明子; 彭丹妮; 杜玮 2020.2.10 "武汉之憾:黄金防控期是如何错过的?" 期《中国新闻周刊》 总第 934'" [China News Weekly's deleted cover article | 'Li Xiangyi; Li Mingzi; Peng Dani; Du Wei (2020-02-10) "The Regret of Wuhan: How China Missed the Critical Window for Controlling the Coronavirus Outbreak" China News Weekly Issue 934']. China Digital Times (in Chinese).
  315. ^ "Wuhan to follow Beijing's SARS treatment model in new coronavirus control - People's Daily Online". en.people.cn. Archived from the original on 24 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  316. ^ "浙江决定启动重大公共突发卫生事件一级响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 29 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  317. ^ "广东省决定启动重大突发公共卫生事件一级响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 29 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  318. ^ "湖南省决定启动重大突发公共卫生事件一级响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 29 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  319. ^ "9省市启动一级响应 (Nine Provinces and Municipalities Enact Level 1 Responses)". Guancha.cn. 24 January 2020. Archived from the original on 24 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  320. ^ 网易 (24 January 2020). "风云突变:七部影片全部宣布撤档 今年已无春节档". money.163.com. Archived from the original on 24 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  321. ^ "Killer plague game tops charts amid coronavirus". BBC News. 23 January 2020. Archived from the original on 23 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  322. ^ "湖北省启动重大突发公共卫生事件一级响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  323. ^ "安徽启动重大公共卫生事件一级响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  324. ^ "天津市启动应对新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎一级响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  325. ^ "北京确诊病例29人,启动重大突发公共卫生事件一级响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  326. ^ "上海启动重大突发公共卫生事件一级响应机制|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  327. ^ "重庆启动重大突发公共卫生事件I级响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  328. ^ "四川启动重大突发公共卫生事件一级响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  329. ^ "江西启动重大突发公共卫生事件一级响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  330. ^ "云南省启动重大突发公共卫生事件一级响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  331. ^ "山东省启动重大突发公共卫生事件一级响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  332. ^ "福建省启动重大突发公共卫生事件一级响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  333. ^ "广西启动重大突发公共卫生事件一级响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  334. ^ "河北省启动重大突发公共卫生事件一级响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  335. ^ "Latest on the coronavirus outbreak: 881 cases confirmed, 26 dead". CGTN. 23 January 2020. Archived from the original on 29 January 2020.
  336. ^ "BREAKING: Chinese city of Jingzhou to be put on lockdown at 5 p.m., raising number of people in locked down cities to 35 million". BNO News. 24 January 2020.
  337. ^ Brzeski, Patrick (23 January 2019). "China Shutters All 70,000 Movie Theaters in Response to Coronavirus Outbreak". Archived from the original on 28 January 2020.
  338. ^ "受疫情影响 佛教圣地山西五台山暂停对外开放-中新网". www.chinanews.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  339. ^ www.bjnews.com.cn. "五台山、平遥古城等山西多家景区场馆暂时关闭". www.bjnews.com.cn. Archived from the original on 24 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  340. ^ "厦门鼓浪屿景区收费景点展馆博物馆暂停开放". www.bjd.com.cn. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  341. ^ 看看新闻KNEWS (24 January 2020). "上海豫园今天起闭园 已经网上购票观众可申请退款". news.sina.com.cn. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  342. ^ "Shanghai Disney Resort Official Site". 24 January 2020. Archived from the original on 7 November 2019.
  343. ^ "全国多地取消文旅活动 多个景区景点暂时关闭 | 每经网". www.nbd.com.cn. Archived from the original on 24 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  344. ^ "Starbucks becomes the latest company to suspend operations in China amid coronavirus outbreak". Yahoo Finance. 24 January 2020. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020.
  345. ^ "Wuhan virus: Beijing, Shanghai urge people from outbreak areas to stay at home for 14 days as toll in China hits 26". The Straits Times. 24 January 2020. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  346. ^ "江苏启动突发公共卫生事件一级响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  347. ^ "海南启动突发公共卫生事件一级响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  348. ^ "新疆启动重大突发公共卫生事件一级响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  349. ^ "黑龙江省启动突发公共卫生事件一级响应机制|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  350. ^ "河南防控新型肺炎启动一级应急响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  351. ^ "甘肃启动重大突发公共卫生事件一级响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  352. ^ "辽宁省启动重大突发公共卫生事件一级响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  353. ^ "山西省启动重大突发公共卫生事件一级响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  354. ^ "陕西启动突发公共卫生事件Ι级应急响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  355. ^ "青海省启动重大突发公共卫生事件一级响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  356. ^ "吉林省启动突发公共卫生事件Ⅰ级应急响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  357. ^ "宁夏启动重大突发公共卫生事件一级响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  358. ^ "内蒙古启动重大公共卫生突发事件一级响应|界面新闻 · 快讯". www.jiemian.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  359. ^ "Latest on the coronavirus outbreak". CGTN. 25 January 2020. Archived from the original on 29 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  360. ^ 人民日报 (25 January 2020). "武汉将再建一个"小汤山医院":武汉雷神山医院". finance.sina.com.cn. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  361. ^ "Beijing to halt all inter-province shuttle buses from Jan 26 -local media". finance.yahoo.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  362. ^ "北京據報明日起停運所有省際客運 - RTHK". news.rthk.hk (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  363. ^ "China virus spread is accelerating, Xi warns". BBC News. 25 January 2020. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  364. ^ Ramchandani, Nisha (28 January 2020). "Straco temporarily shuts 3 China attractions to curb Wuhan virus spread". The Business Times. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  365. ^ "China to extend Spring Festival holiday to contain coronavirus outbreak". Xinhua News Agency. Beijing. 26 January 2020.
  366. ^ "Wuhan virus: China imposes partial lockdown in Shantou, first city to face measure outside virus epicentre". straitstimes.com. 26 January 2020. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  367. ^ "China's Shantou city will not ban cars, ships, people from entering, state media reports". Reuters. 26 January 2020. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020 – via www.reuters.com.
  368. ^ "即日起至全国疫情解除期间禁止野生动物交易". bjnews.com.cn. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  369. ^ McNeil, Sam; Wang, Penny Yi; Kurtenbach, Elaine (26 January 2020). "China Virus Outbreak Revives Calls to Stop Wildlife Trade". U.S.News. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  370. ^ "China bans wildlife trade nationwide due to Wuhan virus outbreak". CNA. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  371. ^ "Beijing to postpone reopening of city's kindergartens, schools, universities: state media". Reuters. 26 January 2020. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  372. ^ "Chinese Premier Li visits Wuhan, epicenter of virus outbreak". Reuters. Beijing. 27 January 2020. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  373. ^ "China allots nearly $9 billion to contain spread of virus". Reuters. 27 January 2020. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  374. ^ "Wuhan suspends visa, passports services for Chinese citizens until January 30: government statement". Reuters. 27 January 2020. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  375. ^ "Companies in Shanghai cannot resume work before February 9 due to virus fight: government". Reuters. 27 January 2020. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  376. ^ "China's Tencent asks staff to work from home until February 7 due to virus". Reuters. 27 January 2020. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  377. ^ Ratcliffe, Rebecca; Standaert, and Michael (27 January 2020). "China coronavirus: mayor of Wuhan admits mistakes". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  378. ^ "China's Tangshan city suspends public transit to prevent spread of coronavirus". Reuters. 27 January 2020. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  379. ^ "万达广场所有商户将免交1个月租金 涉及总金额近40亿元 | 每经网". www.nbd.com.cn. Archived from the original on 1 February 2020. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  380. ^ "Singapore Reit closes malls in China amid Wuhan virus spread". The Straits Times. 28 January 2020. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  381. ^ Mui, Rachel (29 January 2020). "Dasin Retail Trust shortens hours, shuts businesses at China malls". The Business Times. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
  382. ^ Stanway, David (29 January 2020). "China Police Drop Case of SARS 'Rumour-Mongering' at Start of New Crisis". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  383. ^ Xiao, Yu (29 January 2020). "中国最高法院似为武汉八位"造谣者"正名,网民要求法办抓人者". voachinese.com (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  384. ^ Williams, Ann (29 January 2020). "CapitaLand, more Singapore companies suspend some businesses in China amid Wuhan virus spread". The Straits Times. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
  385. ^ www.bjnews.com.cn. "全国省际包车和发往湖北的省际客运班线已全部停运". www.bjnews.com.cn. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  386. ^ "Wuhan virus: China sacks senior city health official unable to answer basic questions". The Straits Times. 30 January 2020. Archived from the original on 1 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  387. ^ "2月1日起购买火车票须提供乘车人手机号码". xinhuanet.com. 31 January 2020. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  388. ^ Taylor, Marisa. (22 March 2020) "Exclusive: U.S. axed CDC expert job in China months before virus outbreak". Reuters website Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  389. ^ Team, CM1-US. "Four suspected cases of mystery Chinese viral pneumonia detected at CM Airport | Chiang Mai One". Archived from the original on 15 January 2020. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  390. ^ CityNews. "Wuhan viral pneumonia alert". Chiang Mai Citylife. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  391. ^ Goh, Timothy (2 January 2020). "Travellers arriving at Changi Airport from Wuhan to undergo temperature screening after pneumonia outbreak". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 4 January 2020. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  392. ^ Taylor, Marisa. (22 March 2020). "Exclusive: U.S. axed CDC expert job in China months before virus outbreak". Reuters website Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  393. ^ "港府補鑊防肺炎 經武漢高鐵乘客逐一量體溫". on.cc. 7 January 2020.
  394. ^ Li Yang Hsu, Po Ying Chia, and Jeremy FY Lim. (January 2020). "Opinion:The Novel Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) Epidemic. Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore website 4, pp. 1-3., Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  395. ^ World Health Organization. (14 January 2020). World Health Organization website Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  396. ^ Li J.Y., You Z., Wang Q., Zhou Z.J., Qiu Y., Luo R., and Ge X.Y. (March 2020). "The epidemic of 2019-novel-coronavirus (2019-nCoV) pneumonia and insights for emerging infectious diseases in the future.". Microbes and Infection. Science Direct website 22(2)80-85. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  397. ^ "China confirms human-to-human transmission of Wuhan virus as WHO emergency group meets". CNA. 21 January 2020. Retrieved 21 January 2020.
  398. ^ "Panamá aumenta alerta sanitaria por coronavirus". TVN (in Spanish). 21 January 2020. Archived from the original on 22 January 2020. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  399. ^ "Northern border province suspends tourists' entry, exit through int'l border gate". www.nytimes.com. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  400. ^ "Emergencies Coronavirus EC Meeting 22 January 2020" (PDF). World Health Organization. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  401. ^ Joseph, Andrew (22 January 2020). "WHO postpones decision on whether to declare China outbreak a global public health emergency". Stat News. Archived from the original on 22 January 2020. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  402. ^ Goh, Timothy (22 January 2020). "Wuhan virus: MOH sets up multi-ministry taskforce, advises against non-essential trips to Wuhan". The Straits Times. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  403. ^ "Scoot cancels flights to China's Wuhan over virus outbreak". CNA. 23 January 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  404. ^ Ang, Hwee Min (23 January 2020). "Schools step up precautions after Wuhan virus case confirmed in Singapore". CNA. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  405. ^ Teng, Amelia (23 January 2020). "Wuhan virus: Singapore schools ask parents, staff to declare weekend travel plans". The Straits Times. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  406. ^ Low, Dominic (23 January 2020). "Wuhan virus: Mindef issues two advisories for service personnel". The Straits Times. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  407. ^ "N. Korea quarantines suspected coronavirus cases in Sinuiju". Daily NK. 28 January 2020. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  408. ^ "Vietnam aviation authority ceases all flights to and from coronavirus-stricken Wuhan". tuoitrenews.vn. 24 January 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  409. ^ "Vietnam to fly last Wuhan visitors home". Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  410. ^ "Sẵn sàng chở công dân Việt Nam 'mắc kẹt' từ Vũ Hán về nước". 27 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  411. ^ "Wuhan virus: Temperature screening begins at Woodlands, Tuas and sea checkpoints". CNA. 24 January 2020. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  412. ^ Baharudin, Hariz (24 January 2020). "Wuhan virus: ICA implements temperature screening at Woodlands and Tuas checkpoints". The Straits Times. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  413. ^ "Russia ramps up controls, shuts China border crossings over virus fears". Reuters. 28 January 2020. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  414. ^ "China coronavirus outbreak: Hong Kong declares emergency and closes schools". www.cbsnews.com. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  415. ^ Panetta, Grace. "Hong Kong is shutting down its schools until February 17 to limit the spread of the Wuhan coronavirus". Business Insider. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  416. ^ "Hong Kong Disneyland and Ocean Park to be closed from Sunday to help prevent spread of virus: CCTV". Reuters. 26 January 2020. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  417. ^ Lin, James T. Areddy and Liza (25 January 2020). "WSJ News Exclusive | U.S. Plans to Evacuate Citizens From Epidemic-Stricken Chinese City". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  418. ^ "Hong Kong to deny entry to anyone from Hubei to check spread of coronavirus". South China Morning Post. 26 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  419. ^ Ang, Benson (26 January 2020). "Wuhan virus: Andy Lau cancels all his 12 concerts in Hong Kong; Leon Lai postpones Macau shows". The Straits Times. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  420. ^ "WHO says global risk of China virus is 'high'". Agence France Presse. 27 January 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  421. ^ "Mongolia shuts universities, border crossings to halt virus spread". finance.yahoo.com. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  422. ^ "Lào Cai tạm ngừng xuất, nhập cảnh khách du lịch qua cửa khẩu quốc tế". tuoitre.vn. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  423. ^ "Northern border province suspends tourists' entry, exit through int'l border gate". en.vietnamplus.vn. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  424. ^ Junaidi, Ikram; Nagri, Jamil (27 January 2020). "Coronavirus fear: GB seeks delay in opening of border crossing". Dawn. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  425. ^ "Macau to deny entry to visitors from Hubei unless they can show they are free of Wuhan virus". Channel News Asia. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  426. ^ a b Chang, Ai-Lien; Khalik, Salma; Kurohi, Rei (27 January 2020). "Wuhan virus: Singapore to impose 14 days leave of absence for those in schools, healthcare and eldercare who travelled to China". The Straits Times. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  427. ^ Lai, Linette (27 January 2020). "Wuhan virus: 2-3 students in every Singapore school likely to be affected by leave of absence". The Straits Times. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
  428. ^ "Compulsory leave of absence for students, teachers returning from China: MOE". The Straits Times. 27 January 2020. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
  429. ^ Yusor, Teh Athira (27 January 2020). "Malaysia suspends visas for Chinese tourists from Wuhan and Hubei". New Straits Times. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  430. ^ "Last flight from China arrives at Tijuana Airport as coronavirus causes evacuations". KUSI News. 27 January 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  431. ^ "Novel Coronavirus in Hubei Province, China - Warning - Level 3, Avoid Nonessential Travel - Travel Health Notices | Travelers' Health | CDC". wwwnc.cdc.gov. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  432. ^ "China Travel Advisory". travel.state.gov. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  433. ^ "Novel Coronavirus in China - Warning - Level 3, Avoid Nonessential Travel - Travel Health Notices | Travelers' Health | CDC". wwwnc.cdc.gov.
  434. ^ "China - Traveler view | Travelers' Health | CDC". wwwnc.cdc.gov.
  435. ^ "PH suspends issuance of visa on arrival to Chinese nationals amid coronavirus alarm". CNN Philippines. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  436. ^ "Sri Lanka suspends visa on arrival for Chinese citizens after first case of coronavirus". The Hindu. 28 January 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  437. ^ "Hong Kong to temporarily close some of its borders with mainland China". CNN. 29 January 2020.
  438. ^ Gayle (now), Damien; Rourke (earlier), Alison (28 January 2020). "Coronavirus: Germany confirms first human transmission in Europe – live updates". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  439. ^ "Railway closures, no visas: Hong Kong scrambles to fight mainland virus outbreak". South China Morning Post. 28 January 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  440. ^ "ด่วน! สธ.ยืนยัน พบนักท่องเที่ยวจีนในไทยติดเชื้อโคโรนาเพิ่ม 6 คน". Thai PBS (in Thai). 28 January 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  441. ^ "Thailand confirms 6 more Wuhan virus infections, bringing total to 14". CNA. 28 January 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  442. ^ "Britons warned against travel to mainland China". BBC News. 28 January 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  443. ^ "As deadly coronavirus spreads, U.S. to expand screening of passengers from China at 20 airports". Washington Post. 27 January 2020. Archived from the original on 28 January 2020.
  444. ^ Ang, Benson (28 January 2020). "Wuhan virus: Miriam Yeung's Feb 8 Singapore concert postponed until further notice". The Straits Times. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  445. ^ "Pacific countries, already hard hit by epidemics, take extreme coronavirus measures". Washington Post. 29 January 2020. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  446. ^ a b c "PNG to ban all travellers from Asian countries as it steps up response to coronavirus outbreak". ABC News. 28 January 2020. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  447. ^ "Kazakhstan suspends transport links with China over virus". Reuters. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  448. ^ "Coronavirus: Georgia Suspends Flights with China". Georgia Today. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  449. ^ "Nepal-China Rasuwagadhi Border Shut For 15 Days Amid Coronavirus Threat". NDTV Media. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  450. ^ Feuer, William (29 January 2020). "Watch: WHO officials hold press conference on coronavirus as outbreak worsens across globe". CNBC.
  451. ^ says, Mark Thorson (29 January 2020). "WHO praises China's response to coronavirus, will reconvene expert panel".
  452. ^ "International Health Regulations Emergency Committee on novel coronavirus in China". www.who.int.
  453. ^ a b "Travel advice and advisories for China". 29 January 2020. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  454. ^ Harris, Kathleen (29 January 2020). "Canada readying to send plane to repatriate Canadians in China affected by coronavirus outbreak". CBC News. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  455. ^ "Air Canada, other airlines suspend flights to China over coronavirus fears". Global News. 29 January 2020. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  456. ^ Perper, Rosie (29 January 2020). "British Airways Cancels All Flights to Mainland China". Business Insider. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  457. ^ News, Lufthansa (29 January 2020). "Lufthansa, SWISS und Austrian Airlines werden ihre Flüge von und nach China (Festland) bis 9. Februar aussetzen. Aus operativen Gründen ist die Buchungsannahme für Flüge nach China (Festland) bis Ende Februar gestoppt. Hongkong wird weiter wie geplant angeflogen.pic.twitter.com/CxfHuuTJ7s". @lufthansaNews (in German). Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  458. ^ Panama Canal says ships must report contact with coronavirus countries 31 January 2020 www.reuters.com accessed 18 March 2020
  459. ^ Panamá habilita sala para atención de casos sospechosos de coronavirus 29 January 2020 www.telemetro.com accessed 18 March 2020
  460. ^ "World Health Organization declares China's coronavirus a 'global health emergency' less than week after deciding not to". news.yahoo.com. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  461. ^ "Coronavirus outbreak a global health emergency, WHO declares". South China Morning Post. 31 January 2020.
  462. ^ "Statement on the second meeting of the International Health Regulations (2005) Emergency Committee regarding the outbreak of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)". www.who.int.
  463. ^ Kennedy, Merrit (30 January 2020). "WHO Declares Coronavirus Outbreak A Global Health Emergency". NPR. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  464. ^ "Prime Minister: 'Prohibit' any flight from Vietnam to the Chinese corona epidemic area". www.xaluan.com. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  465. ^ a b "Việt Nam tạm thời không cấp thị thực du lịch cho người đến từ vùng dịch viêm phổi Vũ Hán". thanhnien.vn (in Vietnamese). 29 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  466. ^ "Thủ tướng: Sẵn sàng tuyên bố tình trạng khẩn cấp y tế về dịch virus corona". tuoitre.vn (in Vietnamese). 30 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  467. ^ "Koreas to temporarily close inter-Korean liaison office over virus concern". Korean Herald. 30 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  468. ^ Berlinger, Joshua; Seo, Yoonjung (7 February 2020). "All of its neighbors have it, so why hasn't North Korea reported any coronavirus cases?". CNN. Archived from the original on 7 February 2020. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  469. ^ "Singapore households to get 4 face masks each amid worries over Wuhan virus". CNA. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  470. ^ Khalik, Salma; Goh, Timothy; Kurohi, Rei (30 January 2020). "Wuhan virus: Every household in Singapore to get 4 masks; collection starts on Feb 1". The Straits Times. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  471. ^ "Russia Limits Rail Service With China From Jan. 31 Over Coronavirus". The New York Times. 30 January 2020.
  472. ^ Gayle, Alison Rourke (now); Molly Blackall Damien; Weaver, Matthew; Murray, Jessica; Rourke (earlier), Alison; Blackall, Molly; Rourke, Alison; Murray, Jessica (31 January 2020). "Virus death toll reaches 213 in China – as it happened". The Guardian – via www.theguardian.com.
  473. ^ Weaver, Damien Gayle (now) Matthew; Murray, Jessica; Rourke (earlier), Alison; Murphy, Simon; McCurry, Justin (30 January 2020). "Coronavirus: health chief in Chinese city near Wuhan sacked – live news". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  474. ^ Deerwester, Jayme. "Not coronavirus: 6,000 cruise ship passengers given OK to disembark after passenger diagnosed with flu". USA TODAY.
  475. ^ "China Travel Advisory". travel.state.gov.
  476. ^ "State Department authorizes personnel to evacuate China due to coronavirus". Axios.
  477. ^ reporter, Kara Kostanich, KOMO News (30 January 2020). "Washington activates emergency response center in wake of coronavirus". KOMO.
  478. ^ Murphy, Simon; Sabbagh, Dan (30 January 2020).