Timeline of the British Army

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search


  • 1537 The Overseers of the Fraternity or Guild of St George received a Royal Charter from Henry VIII on 25 August, when Letters Patent were received authorising them to establish a perpetual corporation for the defence of the realm to be known as the Fraternity or Guild of Artillery of Longbows, Crossbows and Handgonnes. This body was known by a variety of names since, but today is called the Honourable Artillery Company, and is the oldest regiment in continuous service in the British Army.
  • 1539 The Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineer Regiment is first mustered before becoming a militia force for the county of Monmouth. When the new Police was formed in the 19th Century, th regiment switched to the Royal Engineers Reserve, becoming the Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers Militia. And becoming the senior regiment of the Reserve Army and depending on the source the oldest Regiment of the British Army.

The Buffs (1572)

Formed from London's urban militia to support the Protestants in Holland, where they remained until the outbreak of the Anglo-Dutch war in 1665, at which point they were disbanded for refusing the oath of loyalty to the Dutch States General. They fled to England and reformed as 'The Holland Regiment' in the British Army. The unit is now part of the Princess Of Wales's Royal Regiment.


  • 1633 – The Royal Regiment of Foot (later the Royal Scots) is placed on the Scottish Establishment, later becoming the oldest infantry regiment in the British Army.
  • 1642 – Marquis of Argyll's Royal Regiment was raised by Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquess of Argyll for service in Ireland, renamed in 1650 Lyfe Guard of Foot and reformed as the Scottish Regiment of Foot Guards in 1661 (later the Scots Guards).
  • 1650 – George Monck's Regiment is formed (later the Coldstream Guards), becoming the oldest infantry regiment in continuous service in the British Army.
  • 1656 – Lord Wentworth's Regiment is formed (later the Grenadier Guards).
  • 26 January 1661 – King Charles II issues warrant, becoming the acknowledged beginning of the British Army. This concerned an assemblage of English regiments and Scottish regiments brought south with Charles II. The British Army would not exist, however, for another 46 years, as Scotland and England remained two independent states, each with its own Army.
  • 1 October 1661 – The Tangier Regiment is formed, later The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment, the most senior English infantry regiment in the British Army.
  • 1684 – The English withdraw from the Colony of Tangier.
  • 1688 – The War of the Grand Alliance begins.




Second Boer War[edit]

  • 1899
    • 11 October – War is declared.
    • 20 October – The first major battle of the war takes place at Talana Hill.
    • December – "Black Week", in which the Army suffered a series of defeats, takes place.
  • 1900
  • 1902

First World War[edit]