Timeline of the CPP–NPA–NDF rebellion

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The following is the timeline of events of CPP-NPA-NDF rebellion, a conflict between the government of the Philippines, the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP), the New People's Army (NPA) and the National Democratic Front (NDF).



  • 21 August 1971 – Several explosions occurred during an election campaign rally of the Liberal Party at Plaza Miranda in the district of Quiapo, Manila,[1] causing nine deaths and injuring 95 others. As a crowd of about 4,000 gathered to hear speeches, two hand grenades were reportedly tossed on stage.[2] Among those killed instantly were a 5-year-old child and The Manila Times photographer Ben Roxas, and many on stage were injured, including incumbent Senator Jovito Salonga, Liberal Party president Gerardo Roxas and Sergio Osmeña, Jr., son of former President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines, Sergio Osmeña.[3]
  • 27 August 1976 – President Ferdinand Marcos announced the capture of top NPA commander Victor Corpus. The announcement followed the previous week's arrest of NPA's second in command Bernabe Buscayno and 23 NPA officers. Marcos described the arrests as the final blow to the insurgency.[4]
  • 13 November 1976 – NPA rebels attacked a logging truck in the area of Mambusao, Davao Oriental. Six security troops were killed and three were wounded.[5]
  • 22 November 1976 – NPA rebels staged a raid on 5 barrios situated on the perimeter of the Clark Air Base, seizing 43 weapons from the local CHDF militia.[6]
  • 27–29 August 1977 – Communist guerrillas conducted two ambushes on units of the Philippine Constabulary in the area of Pampanga, Subic. Six PC members were killed and four wounded.[7]


  • 19 April 1981 – Seventeen people were killed in a grenade attack on San Pedro cathedral, Davao City, during mass. Two grenades were thrown into the congregation as the traditional Easter service was concluding.[8] New People's Army rebels were among several groups suspected of blame, and two young Marxists were apprehended for the attack.[9]
  • 3 October 1983 – A band of 70 NPA rebels conducted a large scale ambush on the border between Zamboanga del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur. At least 46 soldiers were killed, including the commander of the 30th Battalion of the 4th Infantry Division.[10]
  • 6 October 1985 – At least 14 insurgents were slain in an encounter with a military patrol in Polanco, Zamboanga province.[11]
  • 30 September 1986 – Authorities detained NPA's chairman Rodolfo Salas along with his wife and driver, the arrest took place outside a Manila hospital. The arrest came amidst peace talks between the rebels and the government.[12]
  • 10 December 1986 – A 60-day cease fire was enacted between the NPA and the Philippine government.[13]
  • 30 March 1988 – A police raid led to the arrest of NPA chief commander Romulo Kintanar, general secretary Rafael Baylosis and central committee member Benjamin de Vera, the raid targeted a rebel safe house located in southern Manila.[14]
  • 21 April 1989 – Communist guerrillas assassinated U.S. military adviser James N. Rowe in Quezon City, Rowe's driver was injured in the incident.[15]
  • 26 September 1989 – Two U.S. civilians, Department of Defense contractors were killed outside the Clark Air Base by leftist rebels.[16]


  • On 30 June 2002, one soldier and 15 militants were injured in the aftermath of a skirmish in Nueva Era town in Ilocos Norte province. Documentation and pamphlets were seized from rebel-built bunkers.[17]
  • On 19 April 2003, 5 soldiers were killed and 9 wounded in the outcome of a gun fight with NPA rebels, outside the town of Ligao, Albay province.[18]
  • On 13 July 2005, NPA cadres killed nine soldiers and injured three in the province of Ilocos Sur.[19]
  • On 29 September 2005, left-wing party Bayan Muna announced that 53 of its members had been killed by alleged government hired gunmen between 2001 and 2005. Leftist labor movement Kilusan Mayo Uno seconded the accusations, claiming that 33 of its activists were killed in 2005. Satur Ocampo described the killings as "political repression masquerading as counter-insurgency and antiterrorism operations". A PNP official said that the killings would be fully investigated, and following an official enquiry, at least two soldiers were charged with murder.[19]
  • On 30 October 2005, at least 10 militants were wounded in the aftermath of clashes in Surigao del Sur.[19]
  • On 10 November 2005, rebels set light to a public bus in the Bataan province, after the owner refused to pay a revolutionary tax.[19]
  • On 16 July 2006, a Philippine soldier and a policeman were killed in a gunfight in Occidental Mindoro. On the same day, the NPA allegedly assassinated an army officer in Bulucan.[20]
  • On 21 July 2006, NPA raided a police station in the Isabela Province, stealing four rifles and a number of communication sets.[21]
  • On 23 June 2006, a rebel ambush in the Laguna province resulted in the injury of a soldier.[20]
  • On 24 July 2006, the NPA detonated two landmines along a road situated outside the Unidos village, Surigao del Sur province, seriously injuring 15 civilians. An NPA spokesman apologized for the incident and offered to cover the costs of the victims' hospital stay, while at the same time stating that NPA would continue the use of IEDs. On the same day, suspected NPA members set fire to a Globe telecommunications Tower in the Camarines Sur province.[21]
  • On 26 June 2006, an NPA-planted landmine hit a military minivan in Camarines Sur Province, wounding a soldier.[20]
  • On 8 August 2006, an NPA attack caused the injury of five soldiers who were at the time packing relief supplies for evacuees from the Mayon Volcano area. In a separate incident, the AFP killed five rebels and lost one soldier during clashes with the NPA.[21]
  • In May 2007, the NPA imposed a countrywide campaign tax on politicians willing to participate in the 2007 midterm elections. According to a PNP source, the victorious candidate of the Albay governor's race paid the NPA a total of $800,000. Former Albay governor Fernando Gonzales accused the NPA of denying him entry into the southern regions of the Albay province. The rebels also intensified their attacks before the election date, resulting in the deaths of 18 people.[22]
  • On 7 June 2007, the NPA engaged AFP troops in Monkayo town, Compostela Valley. Both sides issued conflicting reports concerning incident: a government spokesman announced the death of nine rebels and four soldiers, while the NPA denied claimed to have killed 15 soldiers and suffering one fatality.[23]
  • On 15 June 2007, the AFP clashed with insurgents in the Compostela Valley province. Nine militants and four soldiers were killed during the battle.[24]
  • On 16 June 2007, NPA fighters killed four policemen in the Cataduanes Province of the Bicol region. Weapons were removed from the killed officers.[24]
  • On 17 June 2007, a squad of militants detonated three bombs at a Globe Telecom tower in Iloilo after disarming the security guards on the site.[24]
  • On 24 June 2007, several dozen communist guerrillas carried out a raid on the town hall of Dangcagan, Bukidnon province. One police officer was killed as the rebels fled with eight stolen weapons.[24]
  • On 29 June 2007, a band of militants launched an offensive on an AFP patrol base in Agusan del Norte. Eight militants and seven AFP soldiers were killed, and the rebels abducted three AFP personnel.[24]
  • On 31 June 2007, three guerrillas were killed by the Philippine army in Agusan del Norte.[24]
  • On 5 May 2008, the NPA assassinated former Legaspi city chief Narciso Guarin in the Bicol province.[25]
  • On 13 November 2009, an NPA attack on a logging site resulted in 23 deaths.[26]


  • On 15 May 2010 at around 14:50, a truck carrying members of the Philippine Army was bombed while cruising along a road in Davao City. One soldier died and two injured soldiers were evacuated to Davao Medical Center.[27]
  • On 20 May 2010, a team from the Philippine National Police Special Action Force were aboard their vehicle when suspected NPA rebels detonated a land mine at San Jose village in Antipolo City at around 6 am.[28]
  • On 13 July 2010, the NPA executed Mateo Biong, Jr., a drug cartel leader and former mayor of Giporlos, Eastern Samar. Biong was accused of killing rival drug dealers, illegal logging and mining, and misuse of public funds.[29]
  • On 26 September 2010, security forces killed top NPA commander Elmer Osila during clashes in the town of Goa, northern Camarines Sur province.[30]
  • On 14 December 2010, ten soldiers were killed and two injured in the aftermath of a guerrilla ambush in Las Navas, Samar. The rebels took 11 rifles from the killed soldiers.[29]
  • On 15 December 2010, two civilians were killed, one of them a 15-year-old boy and the other a former chairman of Barangay Poponton, in an ambush on a pump boat along Hinaga River in the Northern Samar town of Las Navas. Five soldiers and a civilian were reported missing as a result of the ambush carried out with automatic weapons at around 5 pm that left the civilian vessel heavily damaged. The attack was believed to have been carried out by an undetermined number of the NPA rebels who were said to be hiding along the forested area of the Hinaga River.[31]
  • On 26 May 2011, three construction workers are killed and another wounded in an attack staged by leftist rebels in the ore-rich township of Tampakan. Ten gunmen, believed to be NPA rebels, ambushed a convoy of five trucks at around 1:30pm with small arms and grenades in the village of Danlag, Cotabato.[32]
  • On 2 June 2011, the PNP arrested rebel explosive expert Ryan Sison in Dalahican village, Lucena city, Quezon, confiscating IED components.[33]
  • On 26 July 2011, one loyalist militiaman was killed and one wounded in Barangay Gumitan, Marilog district, Davao.[34]
  • On 3 October 2011, a band of 200 NPA fighters set fire to equipment belonging to mining corporations in the villages of Cagiano and Taganito, Surigao del Norte.[35]
  • On 17 January 2012, six insurgents were killed during a clash in a Japanese banana plantation in the Compostela valley.[36]
  • On 9 April 2012, rebels carried out a raid on the police station of Tibao, Zamboanga del Sur, Mindanao, stealing weapons and taking hostage a policeman, who was later released.[37]
  • On 19 April 2012, an IED detonated by the NPA killed three and injured two soldiers in New Upian, Barangay Marilog, Marilog district, Davao city.[38]
  • On 23 April 2012, militants stole several high-powered assault rifles from a security agency in Butuan City, Mindanao, after posing as National Bureau of Investigation agents.[37]
  • On 25 April 2012, an NPA attack resulted in the deaths of 11 soldiers and 2 civilians in Ifugao, Luzon province.[37]
  • On 29 April 2012, militants killed four soldiers and a civilian PDT member in Labo town, Camarines Norte, Luzon, and took their weapons.[37]
  • On 7 May 2012, the NPA claimed to have carried out an ambush in Trento town, Agusan del Sur and Monkayo town, Compostela Valley, killing three soldiers, and wounding four. In a second incident, two soldiers were wounded in the vicinity of the Bahayan river, Trento. The AFP responded by bombing the town of Trento, displacing 80 families.[39]
  • On 14 May 2012, a soldier was killed during a shootout in Barangay Bucalan in Canlaon city, Negros Oriental, Central Visayas.[37]
  • On 20 May 2012, rebels sabotaged equipment stationed at an airport construction site in Albay.[37]
  • On 24 May 2012, NPA agents assassinated an intelligence officer at the cockfighting pit of Lagonglong, Misamis Oriental, Mindanao.[37]
  • On 28 February 2013, authorities detained the NPA's Central Visayas commander Ruben Nabas along with his secretary. On the same day, two NPA members surrendered to the authorities of Barangay Del Pilar Cabadbaran.[40]
  • On 7 May 2013, two soldiers were killed while escorting election officials in the province of Kalinga.[41]
  • On 11 May 2013, rebels of the communist New People's Army allegedly ambushed the convoy of Bukidnon town mayor Joelito Jacosalem Talaid, wounding him and killing four of his bodyguards. A radio report stated the mayor had been shot in the leg.[42] Talaid was traveling through Barangay Kibogtok when he and his bodyguards were stopped by up to 10 armed men. Talaid was also allegedly forced to hand over 7 million Philippine pesos worth of cash to the suspects.[43]
  • On 20 May 2013, NPA militants raided the office of a security agency in Orange Valley village, Tagum city, stealing firearms, ammunition and bulletproof vests. They also detonated an IED on a national highway in Barangay Pandapan, Tagum City, injuring five soldiers and a civilian.[44]
  • On 27 May 2013, a group of 30 rebels ambushed a Special Action Force patrol in the Capagaran village, Allacapan municipality, Cagayan province, killing 8 policemen and injuring 7 others.[45]
  • On 21 August 2013, one soldier was killed and three were wounded in a skirmish in Purok, Barangay Balagan in San Mariano town. Security forces seized two IEDs and propaganda materials.[46]
  • On 30 August 2013, Philippine air force helicopters bombed rebel positions in the Northern Sagada area, Mountain province, following a clash that took place a day earlier during which two policemen were wounded.[47]
  • On 5 December 2013, NPA officer Rene Rabulan Briones was killed in Del Gallego, Camarines Sur, during a shootout with the Philippine military.[48]
  • On 14 December 2013, the NPA raided a police station in Kibawe, Bukidnon. A police officer was killed, and the insurgents stole 13 firearms before escaping in four cars.[49]
  • On 1 January 2014, suspected NPA members gunned down Demetrio Capilastique, a leading figure of the Revolutionary Proletarian Army-Alex Boncayao Brigade (RPA-ABB), in Badiangan, Pinay island.[50]
  • On 14 March 2014, top communist leaders Benito Tiamzon and Wilma Tiamzon were captured in Cebu.[51]
  • On 22 March 2014, Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) Chairman Benito Tiamzon, his wife Wilma Tiamzon (secretary general of the NPA) and five others were arrested in Barangay Zaragosa, Aloguinsan, Cebu. The Tiamzons had a standing warrant of arrest orders for crimes against humanity, including charges of murder, multiple murder and frustrated murder.[52][53]
  • On 27 March 2014, Andrea Rosal, daughter of deceased former NPA spokesman "Ka Roger" Rosal, was arrested in Caloocan City.[54]
  • Between 7–10 April 2014, NPA set fire to vehicles and heavy equipment belonging to mining companies in the Masara village in Maco and Pantukan, Compostela valley, after alleged environmental damage caused by the mining companies.[55]
  • 17 April – insurgents clashed with a detachment of the Citizen Armed Geographical Unit (CAFGU) in Barangay San Pascual, Catarman, Northern Samar. There were no casualties.[56]
  • 20 May – five communist militants were killed in two separate encounters in Roxas, North Cotabato and Tayabas, Quezon. One soldier was wounded. Loyalist forces seized weaponry, radios, ammunition and propaganda materials.[57]
  • 23 May – at least five NPA rebels were killed and two captured in the aftermath of a firefight that took place in Barangay Balocawe, Matnog, Sorsogon province.[58]
  • 8 June – security forces captured NPA commander Nasyo in Tanjay city, Negros Oriental.[59]
  • 16 July – an NDF spokesman announced that the NPA had suffered 14 fatalities following simultaneous attacks against private armies in Santa Irene, Prosperidad, Barangay Bitan-agan, San Francisco in Agusan del Sur. A civilian and a private army commander were also killed in the incident, and NDF claimed to have seized a number of weapons during the raids.[60]
  • 31 July – One soldier and an unspecified number of rebels were killed in a firefight in Tapaz, Capiz.[61]
  • 6 August – The AFP arrested top militant commander Eduardo Almores Esteban in Landheights subdivision in Barangay Buntala, Jaro.[62]
  • 4 September – Five NPA fighters died in an encounter with an army patrol in Lacub, Abra.[63]
  • 3 November – NPA gunmen killed two soldiers in the town of Daraga, Albay province.[64]
  • 5 November – The AFP engaged suspected NPA insurgents, killing three fighters and seizing nine weapons, in Sitio Tubak, Barangay Nomol Maasim, Sarangani province.[65]
  • 23 November – Three civilians were injured in an NPA attack on an army patrol post in Sitio Guiwanon, Barangay Danao, San Jacinto town on Ticao island.[66]
  • 25 November – The PNP detained rebel commander Billy Morado along with another insurgent in the city of Caloocan.[67]
  • 5 December – a security force patrol clashed with communist guerrillas in Sitio Upper Balantang, Barangay Cabuyuan, Mabini, Compostela valley, killing five rebels.[68]
  • 17 December – The Criminal Investigation and Detection Group arrested NPA commander Jordan Reyes Donillo at a checkpoint located in Barangay Magnaga, Pantukan, Compostela Valley. On the same day, the NPA released a statement claiming to have killed 40 government loyalists, including policemen, soldiers and militia, in the course of 28 operations in December.[69]
  • 26 December – The Philippines and the local Communist Party agreed to renew talks that may lead to a peace treaty which could end the 46-year insurgency.[70][71]
  • 29 December – Three soldiers were killed in a communist ambush in Mabini town in Compostela Valley Province.[72]
  • 16 January – Three NPA officers surrendered to the authorities in Capiz, the former rebels belonged to the Tugalbong and Baloy platoons of NPA.[73]
  • 23 January – Government troops clashed with NPA militants in Sitio Brazil, Mat-i, Surigao city and Imbayao, Malaybalay, Bukidnon. Despite the fact that no casualties were reported, the Philippine Army seized two rifles and a grenade launcher in the former encounter.[74]
  • 28 January – NPA rebels killed a soldier of the 69th Infantry Battalion in an ambush in the Paquibato district.[75]
  • 2 February – Rebels executed Rufino Dumayas, a former NPA commander, after accusing him of revealing the identities of several rebels and cooperating with security forces.[76]
  • 5 February – An army officer was killed by communist guerrillas in the town of Las Navas, Northern Samar. Two rebels were later arrested.[77]
  • 6 February – Security forces overpowered a group of NPA rebels, forcing them to flee, in Barangay Rojales, Carmen, Agusan del Norte. Numerous weapons, explosives and communication equipment were seized, and one rebel was arrested.[78]
  • 8 February – Authorities arrested Raunil Mortejo, Reboy Gandinao and Jasmin Badilla, three members of NPA's Eastern Mindanao Command. The arrests took place in Barangay Sinaragan, Matanao, Davao del Sur, and in Barangay Lumintao in Quezon town, Bukidnon.[79]
  • 9 February – Security forces uncovered NPA encampments in Sitio Tig-atay, Barangay Igpaho, Tubungan, and Sitio Tigmarabas, Barangay Ongyod, Miag-ao. The camps had the capacity to accommodate 120 people.[80]
  • 14 March – A landmine detonation killed 3 soldiers and wounded five others, the incident occurred in Los Arcos, Prosperidad town, eastern Mindanao.[81]
  • 1 April – Two soldiers and a civilian were slain in an NPA ambush in Sityo Ban-as, Barangay Mahayag, San Miguel, Surigao Del Sur, seven people were also wounded.[82]
  • 2 June – Authorities detained NPA's top commander Adelberto Silva in the town of Bacoor south of Manila, grenades and documentation were also recovered during the operation.[83]
  • 30 January – Two soldiers were killed following an ambush stage by suspected NPA guerrillas in Echague, Isabela.[84]
  • 8 February – Heavy equipment were set to fire by the rebels in San Francisco, Quezon.[85][86]
  • 8 February – A soldier was killed in a firefight in Sto. Niño, Cagayan.[85]
  • 9 February – Rebels burned two trucks in Itogon, Benguet.[85]
  • 9 February – NPA rebels killed a resident and abducted two others in Talakag, Bukidnon.[85]
  • 13 February – Four rebels were killed in a firefight with gov't troops in Aroroy, Masbate.[87]
  • 17 February – Two soldiers and three communist New People’s Army rebels were killed while 15 other troops were wounded in a land mine attack and clashes here, officials said yesterday.[88]
  • 8 March – Rebels ambushed a police convoy, resulting in 4 policemen killed and injuring another. The ambush occurred in Bansalan, Davao del Sur.[89]
  • 18 March – A rebel was killed in an encounter with gov't troops in Kitcharao, Agusan del Norte.[90]
  • 30 March – An encounter between the military and rebels took place in Gen. Nakar, Quezon. Two soldiers and 10 rebels were killed in the encounter.[91]
  • 28 July – Firefight between government forces and communist in a village in Sorsogon province left 4 communist rebels dead.[92]
  • 23 January –
    • Two soldiers died and two were wounded in an encounter with members of the New People's Army in Pinukpuk in the Philippine province of Kalinga.[93]
    • A retired policeman was killed by members of the New People's Army in Tabuk in the Philippine province of Kalinga.[94]
  • 25 January – Communist insurgents killed an Army officer and wounded 2 soldiers in a firefight in Davao City, in southern Philippines.[95]
  • 28 January – A man was kidnapped and later executed by terrorists of the New People's Army in the municipality of San Miguel in the Philippine province of Surigao del Sur.[96]
  • 15 August Seven NPA militants were killed during a gunfight that lasted 33 minutes, in San Jose, Antique, Philippines.[97][98]


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