From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is a timeline of the history of the
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.
1901-1939 [ edit ]
Canada's first Wireless Telegraph Act.
Radio Telegraph Act includes voice transmission.
First broadcasting licence issued to
XWA Montreal (later CINW). 1922
First licensing of private commercial stations.
CN Radio opens its first stations (Ottawa and Moncton) and gradually develops service on about 15 stations. 1927
First national broadcast: July 1, Diamond Jubilee of Confederation.
Aird Commission recommends setting up a nationally owned company to operate a coast-to-coast system. 1930
The CRBC acquires CN Radio facilities, improves coverage and continues program development.
Opening of the French station
CBF Montreal. New transmitters in Toronto and Montreal increase national coverage to 76% of the population from 49%.
North American Radio Broadcasting Agreement (Havana Treaty) gives Canada better frequencies (ratified 1941). 1938
Farm broadcasts begin on the French radio network.
Full coverage of the six-week visit of King
George VI and Queen Elizabeth. Declaration of war: a CBC reporting unit goes overseas, and all departments begin special wartime broadcasts.
Farm broadcasts begin on the English radio network.
Low-power relay transmitters installed for remote communities.
First provincial school broadcasts begin in Nova Scotia and B.C.
The CBC symbol showing radio waves and a map of Canada is adopted.
Formal opening of CBC News Service. Special broadcasts include Winston Churchill's speech from the House of Commons in Ottawa.
A total of 43 hours of French and English programs are broadcast daily, compared with 10 in 1936. Special broadcasts include the opening of the
Alaska Highway. 1943
Establishment of English School Broadcasts Department.
CBC presents a 15-year plan for the development of television in Canada.
First issue of the weekly program guide
CBC Times. 1949
First issue of the program guide
La Semaine à Radio-Canada. Special coverage of the
1950 Red River Floods 1951
Opening of Canadian TV service (CBC):
CBFT Montreal (bilingual) September 6, CBLT Toronto (English) September 8. CBC supplies radio programs to Canadian troops in Korea.
First Canadian urban cable TV is launched in
Guelph, Ontario. 1953
CKSO-TV in Sudbury, first private television station in Canada and first CBC TV affiliate. CBFT Montreal begins full French service with opening of English station
CBMT. CBC is host broadcaster for the
Commonwealth Games in Vancouver. 1955
First telecast of the opening of Parliament.
CBC Television is available to 66% of the population.
The Fowler Commission on Broadcasting recommends transferring regulatory authority from CBC to a separate body.
Major political coverage includes the five-hour federal election telecast and the first opening of Parliament by a reigning monarch.
New Broadcasting Act establishes the Board of Broadcast Governors (BBG) to regulate all Canadian broadcasting.
First coast-to-coast live TV broadcast with completion of the microwave network from Nova Scotia to British Columbia.
Opening of Calgary delay centre for western time zones.
CBC Northern Service (radio) is established.
The microwave network is extended to Newfoundland.
Special programs include the opening of the
St. Lawrence Seaway.
BBG recommends licensing second TV stations in major cities and invites applications for Canada's first private network.
Opening of the CBC shortwave service to the High Arctic.
Experimental bilingual FM network links Toronto, Montreal and Ottawa. (Suspended temporarily in 1962)
CTV Network begins broadcasting. CBC issues proposals for satellite use in Canada.
The Trans-Canada and Dominion networks are consolidated.
CBC hosts the three-week Commonwealth Broadcasting Conference.
The FM network resumes in English, adding Vancouver by tape; local French FM continues in Montreal.
CBC Corporate Headquarters now to CBC Building in Ottawa, now called the
Edward Drake Building 1965
The Fowler Committee on Broadcasting recommends a new regulatory and licensing authority.
Government announces colour TV policy.
First regular CBC stereo broadcasts from a single station in Winnipeg.
Colour TV introduced in Canada.
New Broadcasting Act confirms CBC's role of providing the national service and establishes the
Canadian Radio-Television Commission (CRTC) as the regulatory and licensing authority, including cable systems. Government issues White Paper on satellite communications. Pre-release facilities are installed for Atlantic time zones.
First televised national debate among Canadian political party leaders: a CBC/CTV coproduction.
Canadian content regulations (60% overall) for public and private TV.
TVOntario is established. The Report of the Special Senate Committee (Davey) on Mass Media is published.
The CRTC issues network licences to CBC for the first time.
Canadian content regulation (minimum 30%) in force for AM radio music.
First French-language private TV network (
TVA) opens. Experimental radio and TV from the
Nova Scotia House of Assembly. 1972
CRTC invites proposals for future development of
Anik satellite launched: CBC rents three channels for radio and TV network distribution. Special coverage includes
Canada-Russia hockey series. CBC's International Service is renamed Radio Canada International (RCI).
Introduction of new CBC symbol based on "C" for Canada, designed by
Burton Kramer. Opening of French FM stereo network.
CBC discontinues most
radio advertisements. Government announces Accelerated Coverage Plan to extend CBC radio and TV to small unserved communities.
Global Television Network opens. 1975
English FM stereo network opens.
CRTC denies pay TV applications.
First TV production facilities in the North (
Yellowknife). CBC is host broadcaster for
Commonwealth Games in Edmonton. 1979
closed captioning on Canadian TV programs. CBC is asked to manage the installation of a telecommunications system (OASIS) in Parliamentary offices.
Government announces a three-year CBC trial of Canadian teletext system (
The Report of the Applebaum-Hébert Committee is released.
Opening of Cancom to provide remote communities with additional TV services by satellite.
Government creates Broadcast Program Development Fund.
Opening of first pay TV (general channels).
CBC stereo networks start 24-hour broadcasting and supplementary cable distribution.
CBC is host broadcaster for the 12-day papal visit.
First pay TV specialty channels open.
Federal-provincial committee publishes report on future of French-language TV in Canada.
CBC and other broadcasters join
TV5, a European French-language satellite service. 1986
Federal Task Force on Program Review (Nielsen) publishes recommendations on culture and communications.
Opening of 2nd private French TV channel (Quatre Saisons) in Montreal.
The Federal Task Force on Broadcasting Policy (Caplan/Sauvageau) publishes its recommendations.
A commemorative postage stamp is issued for CBC's 50th anniversary.
The CBC Broadcast Centre Development Project in Toronto gets Cabinet approval in April, and work starts in October.
The International French-language channel TV5 starts broadcasting in Canada in September.
Cabinet approves CBC licence to operate an English all-news channel.
The CBC English all-news channel,
Newsworld, is launched on July 31. The CRTC holds hearings to consider CBC's application for an all-news channel in French. This first proposal is rejected.
The French private channel
Le Réseau des Sports goes on air September 1.
CBC publishes its vision for the future in a document entitled Mission, Values, Goals and Objectives.
CBC Engineering plays a proactive role in the development of Digital Audio Broadcasting.
CBC closes eleven regional stations as a result of budget cuts.
CBC Toronto consolidates its operations into one downtown location, the new state-of-the-art
Canadian Broadcasting Centre. Bill C-40 on broadcasting receives royal assent on February 1 and is proclaimed Law on June 4.
CBC develops a new identification program.
CBC introduced a simplified version of the iconic gem symbol, designed by Gottschalk + Ash.
CBC TV boasts an all-Canadian prime-time schedule.
The House of Commons Standing Committee on Canadian Heritage presents its report on the future of CBC in a multi-channel universe.
The CRTC approves CBC's applications to transfer
CBF (French) and CBM (English) in Montreal, CBV (French) in Quebec City and CBL (English) in Toronto from the AM to the FM band. The English Information Radio service is rebranded Radio One and the stereo music service, Radio Two. French Radio services are now called Première Chaîne and Chaîne culturelle.
Galaxie, the first pay, satellite and cable delivered audio service, is launched. CBC files applications for six new specialty services: Le Réseau des Arts, Le Réseau de l'économie, Le Réseau de l'histoire, Land & Sea, Télé classique and The People Channel.
International Olympic Committee awards CBC, in partnership with NetStar, broadcast rights to the next five Olympic Games. CBC makes a presentation to the CRTC's review of television policy in Canada, the first such review in 17 years.
On September 28, CBC Radio opens a station in Victoria, the last provincial capital to get a CBC Radio station.
The CRTC opens competition in the satellite delivery of radio and television services by giving
Shaw Direct a licence. 1999
The CRTC holds public consultation sessions in 11 cities to find out what Canadians think about the CBC, its role, its programming and its direction.
CBC is the host broadcaster for the
Pan Am Games in Winnipeg.
Three specialty services are launched in partnership with the private sector:
ARTV, The Documentary Channel and Country Canada. The Centre de l'information in Montreal, a state-of-the-art facility for gathering and producing news for Télévision de Radio-Canada and RDI, is opened.
State-of-the-art broadcast centres open in downtown Edmonton and Quebec City.
CBC/Radio-Canada is named one of Canada's Top 100 Employers for 2004.
celebrates 35 years on CBC Radio. As It Happens 2004
Ottawa operations move to the new state-of-the-art
CBC Ottawa Broadcast Centre. The Prairie Aboriginal Content Unit is created to develop First Nations storytelling content for both Radio and Television.
The Chaîne culturelle, Radio de Radio-Canada's music channel, is re-launched as
Radio Canada International adds a ninth language, Portuguese for Brazilians, to its line-up. 2005
Radio Canada International celebrates its 60th anniversary.
The CRTC approves SIRIUS Canada's satellite radio application, a partnership between CBC/Radio-Canada, Standard Radio Inc., and SIRIUS Satellite Radio. SIRIUS Canada's 100-channel line-up is announced, featuring six from CBC/Radio-Canada.
CBC Radio 3 celebrates millionth podcast download. Télévision de Radio-Canada and CBC Television jointly aired an important documentary on the
1995 Quebec referendum called Point Break/Point de Rupture. 2006
CBC/Radio-Canada is the host broadcaster of the
XVI International AIDS Conference, which is held in Toronto.
HDTV service launches in Quebec City and Vancouver. The daily program
, which has run on Télévision de Radio-Canada since 1996, broke the record for most episodes ever produced as part of a French-language television drama series: 1221. Virginie Radio de Radio-Canada's Première Chaîne marked
Jacques Languirand's 35th year on air by treating listeners to a major documentary on this legendary communicator, man of the theatre, and host of the program Par 4 chemins. 2007
Bernard Derome hosted his 22nd election night special on Télévision de Radio-Canada; since 1972, he has anchored 11 federal elections, eight provincial elections and three referendums. Jacques Bertrand and the entire
Macadam tribus team celebrated the 10th anniversary of this offbeat radio program on Première Chaîne that mixes humour and serious discussion, reality and fiction, rap and electronica, animal life and the human condition, as well as News and views. 3.7 million: Viewership to the first episode of CBC Television's
Little Mosque on the Prairie. 300,000: Number of subscribers to
Sirius Canada Satellite Radio as of January 1, 2007 (six of Sirius Canada's 11 Canadian channels are provided by CBC/Radio-Canada).
CBC Records brings home two Juno awards in the Classical music category.
CBC Television captures the first ever television Broadcaster of the Year Award at the prestigious New York Festivals. 2009
CBC kicks off one year to its 75th anniversary
CBC/Radio-Canada celebrates its 75th anniversary.
CBC cuts 657 jobs and cuts $130 millon from its budget
See also [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]