Timeline of the September 11 attacks

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This timeline is a chronological list of all the major events leading up to, during, and immediately following the terrorist attacks on New York and Washington, DC on September 11, 2001. The timeline starts with the completion of the first World Trade Center tower in 1970 through the first anniversary of the attacks in 2002. 2001

Background history[edit]

Planning[edit]

  • 1992: Mohamed Atta arrives in Germany.
  • 1994: Planning on Operation Bojinka begins in the Philippines.
  • 1995: Operation Bojinka foiled, Said Bahaji and Ramzi bin al-Shibh arrive in Germany.
  • 1996: Marwan al-Shehhi and Ziad Jarrah arrive in Germany.
  • 1997: Zakariyah Essabar arrives in Germany.
  • 1998: Recruitment of terrorists in Germany starts.
  • 1998: Bill Clinton warned 'bin Laden preparing to hijack US aircraft' inside US.[23]
  • 1999: Hamburg cell is fully formed.
  • 1999: Germany monitors call to 9/11 hijacker al-Shehhi, shares information with CIA.[24]
  • 1999: Germans monitor call mentioning key al-Qaeda Hamburg cell members, including 9/11 hijacker Atta's full name and number.[25]
  • 1999: 9/11 hijacker Jarrah has unofficial wedding; photograph later suggests German intelligence has informant.[26]
  • 1999: Three 9/11 hijackers obtain US visas.[27]
  • 1999: Hani Hanjour gets pilot's license despite dubious skills.[28][29][30][31]
  • 1999: German intelligence records calls between 9/11 hijacker al-Shehhi and others linked to al-Qaeda.[21][25]
  • 1999: Saudi ambassador's wife gives funds that are possibly passed to 9/11 hijackers.[32]
  • 1999: President Clinton warned about al-Qaeda operatives living in US.[33]
  • 1999: Watch list importance is stressed but procedures are not followed.[34][35]
  • 1999: NSA tells CIA about planned al-Qaeda summit involving future hijackers.
  • 2000: 2000 al-Qaeda Summit in Malaysia, pilots head to the United States and train in flying schools.
  • 2001: Remaining hijackers go to the United States, Zacarias Moussaoui goes to the United States and is arrested, other cell members flee Germany.

September 11, 2001[edit]

All times are in local time (EDT or UTC − 4).

Rest of September[edit]

October[edit]

Beyond October[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Exclusive: Saudi Binladin Group to be slimmed down, renamed: sources". Reuters. May 24, 2018. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c "Osama bin Laden | Biography, al-Qaeda, Terrorist Attacks, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d Law, Randall David,. Terrorism : a history (Second ed.). Cambridge, UK. ISBN 9780745690896. OCLC 935783894.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link) CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  4. ^ a b c "History of the World Trade Center". www.panynj.gov. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
  5. ^ "September 11 attacks | Facts & Information". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
  6. ^ "Al Qaeda Financing Documents Turn Up in Bosnia Raid". Fox News. February 19, 2003. Retrieved April 22, 2019.
  7. ^ Editors, History com. "Al Qaeda: Facts About the Terrorist Network and Its History of Attacks". HISTORY. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
  8. ^ a b c "National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States". govinfo.library.unt.edu. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
  9. ^ "Twenty Years Later, First Iraq War Still Resonates". NPR.org. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
  10. ^ Wald, Matthew L. (October 3, 2001). "A NATION CHALLENGED: WARNINGS; Earlier Hijackings Offered Signals That Were Missed". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  11. ^ "Hijacking Survivors Recount Terror". s3.amazonaws.com. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  12. ^ "Who Is Bin Laden? - Chronology - Hunting for bin Laden". FRONTLINE. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  13. ^ Hirschkorn, Phil (January 19, 2001). "Embassy Bombing Defendant Says He Warned of Yemen Attack". CNN. Archived from the original on February 24, 2011. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  14. ^ "Newsday.com - A Perfect Soldier". June 3, 2002. Archived from the original on June 3, 2002. Retrieved August 20, 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  15. ^ Johnston, This Article Was Reported By Douglas Frantz, Don Van Natta Jr, David; Bernstein, Richard; Bernstein, Was Written By Mr (September 10, 2002). "THREATS AND RESPONSES: PIECES OF A PUZZLE; On Plotters' Path to U.S., A Stop at bin Laden Camp". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  16. ^ Erlanger, Steven (September 15, 2001). "AFTER THE ATTACKS: THE INVESTIGATION; An Unobtrusive Man's Odyssey: Polite Student to Suicide Hijacker". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  17. ^ Germany, SPIEGEL ONLINE, Hamburg. "On the Trail of Said Bahaji: 9/11 Conspirator Reported to Be Living in Pakistan - SPIEGEL ONLINE - International". SPIEGEL ONLINE. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  18. ^ Simpson, John Crewdson and Cam. "Real clues to plot have been elusive". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  19. ^ Burrough, Ned Zeman, David Wise, David Rose, and Bryan. "The Path to 9/11". The Hive. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  20. ^ "Real Cities.com | September 9, 2002 | Terrorists' Sep 11 plot a many-tentacled creature". October 19, 2002. Archived from the original on October 19, 2002. Retrieved August 20, 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  21. ^ a b Berlin, Special investigation by Toby Helm in. "German secret service 'failed to act on terrorist warnings'". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  22. ^ Langewiesche, William. "The Crash of EgyptAir 990". The Atlantic. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  23. ^ "1998 Memo Cited Suspected Hijack Plot by Bin Laden (washingtonpost.com)". www.washingtonpost.com. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  24. ^ Risen, James; Lichtblau, Eric (February 24, 2004). "C.I.A. WAS GIVEN DATA ON HIJACKER LONG BEFORE 9/11". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  25. ^ a b Butler, Desmond (January 18, 2003). "THREATS AND RESPONSES: INTELLIGENCE; Germans Were Tracking Sept. 11 Conspirators as Early as 1998, Documents Disclose". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  26. ^ "Our Man in the Mosque". s3.amazonaws.com. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  27. ^ "9/11 and Terrorist Travel: Staff Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 23, 2004.
  28. ^ "Airman Records for Alleged 9/11 Hijacker Hani Hanjour | Flight Instructor | Substance Abuse". Scribd. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  29. ^ "FAA contractors approved flight licenses for Sept. 11 suspect". Government Executive. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  30. ^ News, A. B. C. (January 7, 2006). "Report: 9/11 Hijacker Bypassed FAA". ABC News. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  31. ^ "FAA Was Alerted To Sept. 11 Hijacker". Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  32. ^ Borger, Julian (November 24, 2002). "Mystery men link Saudi intelligence to Sept 11 hijackers". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  33. ^ "Wayback Machine". October 20, 2004. Archived from the original on October 20, 2004. Retrieved August 20, 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  34. ^ "KR Washington Bureau | January 27, 2004 | 9 hijackers were considered security risks, Sep 11 panel reveals". February 13, 2004. Archived from the original on February 13, 2004. Retrieved August 20, 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  35. ^ Gerth, Jeff (May 15, 2003). "AFTEREFFECTS: INTELLIGENCE; C.I.A. Chief Won't Name Officials Who Failed to Add Hijackers to Watch List". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  36. ^ "Timeline Flight 93: September 11, 2001" (PDF). www.nps.gov: National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 13, 2015. Retrieved September 13, 2015.

External links[edit]