Timeline of the Syrian civil war (January–July 2014)
The following is a timeline of the Syrian Civil War from January to July 2014. Information about aggregated casualty counts is found at Casualties of the Syrian Civil War.
It was confirmed that 34 foreign ISIL and Jund al-Aqsa fighters had been executed in the previous few days by rebels in the Jabal al-Zawiya area. ISIL retreated from Mayadin in Deir ez-Zor Governorate, without any fighting with rebel forces. East of Rastan, in the Homs Governorate, ISIL attacked a rebel headquarters, killing 15 rebel fighters. During the day, it was revealed that during the previous evening, ISIL executed up to 50 prisoners in the Qadi al-Askar district of Aleppo. The dead included media activists, relief workers, and other civilians. According to the opposition SOHR, 42 people were executed, including, 21 rebel fighters and five media activists.
Rebels captured the ISIL headquarters in Aleppo city at the Children's hospital in the Qadi Askar district. ISIL forces lost control over opposition-held areas of the city and retreated to Al-Inzarat on the northeastern outskirts of Aleppo. 300 hostages held by the radical jihadists were set free. In Ar-Raqqah, the hospital was abandoned, bodies were lying in the central square and there was no power or water leaving the city "completely paralyzed", according to an opposition activist. At this point, ISIL controlled two key routes out of Raqqa: to the east toward the Iraqi border and also the road north to the Turkish frontier. The head of the al-Nusra Front, Abu Mohammad al-Golani, confirmed that fighting had taken place between his organization and ISIL and called for mediation and an end to the "infighting." Late in the day, ISIL started a counterattack, as it launched car bomb assaults targeting opposition checkpoints. Three attacks took place in Al-Bab, Hreitan, and Jarabulus in the Aleppo Governorate, Observatory director Rami Abdel Rahman told AFP. He said similar overnight attacks took place in the Aleppo Governorate, while one occurred in Mayadin in the eastern Deir ez-Zor Governorate. The attack in Al-Bab killed nine people.
A car bomb killed 18 people, including women and children, in central Hama province, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights organization. The New York Times reported that Islamic extremist groups in Syria with ties to al-Qaeda try to identify, recruit and train Americans and other Westerners who had traveled there to get them to carry out attacks when they return home.
ISIL managed to push back rebel forces on the eastern approaches to Ar-Raqqah. ISIL forces also killed 20 rebel fighters in fighting in the town of Al-Bab in Aleppo province, and managed to capture wheat silos and mills just outside the town. ISIL commander Abu Omar al-Shishani entered the town with a convoy of 30 vehicles and troops after he lifted the ISIL's siege of Deir-az-Zor airport.
Rebels moved a convoy including tanks and technicals to Saraqeb in preparation to push ISIL out. Heavy fighting erupted and it was reported that rebels took over most of the town, and besieged hundreds of ISIL fighters. Earlier in the day, five rebels were killed on the outskirts of Saraqeb when their car hit a bomb. Meanwhile, ISIL forces managed to capture the border town of Tal Abyad, while in Ar-Raqqah ISIL fighters captured a rebel checkpoint and the train station. ISIL fighters also dumped the corpses of dozens of their foes at the village of Jazra, to the west of Ar-Raqqah. Dozens of bodies of ISIL fighters were also reportedly in Ar-Raqqah's hospital. Rebels managed to regain territory lost in previous days in Aleppo province and were defending against ISIL counterattacks. 20 rebels were killed in fighting in the town of Anadan, while 30 rebels were killed in three days of fighting in the village of al-Tiba, northeast of Sekhna.
It was confirmed that rebel forces had captured the eastern part of Saraqeb with the local ISIL commander surrounded with his fighters in the center of the town. Fighting was still continuing in Ar-Raqqah between ISIL and remnants of rebel units, including the Al-Nusra Front, although by this point ISIL had captured much of the city. According to an opposition activist, 95 percent of Ar-Raqqah and its countryside were under ISIL control. ISIL forces had also captured the towns of Hrietan and Basraton in Aleppo province. It was also reported that the bodies of 70 rebels were delivered to Ar-Raqqah's hospital after they were executed by ISIL following their capture of Tal Abyad. Another report put the number of executed prisoners at 100. Syrian State TV claimed that a rebel mortar attack killed 19 people in the government-controlled Ghouta and Karm al shami areas of the city of Homs.
It was reported that ISIL had won the battle of Raqqa, capturing most of the province and the provincial capital. ISIL had also captured Al-Bab and Beza'a, while the rebels were gaining ground in Jarabulus near the Turkish border. Another mass execution of prisoners was also reported near the village of Qantari, about 80 kilometers north of Raqqa, when ISIL killed 46 captured fighters of the Ahrar ash-Sham rebel group. 14 rebels were also executed in Homs province
It was reported that rebels captured the villages of Masqan, Kafar Kalbin and Kafra in Aleppo province, while ISIL took full control of Raqqah city after the last remaining rebels retreated. Meanwhile, the rebels also captured the prison in Jarablus, releasing 70 prisoners from ISIL custody. 46 Palestinians and Syrian residents in the Yarmouk Camp died of starvation and lack of medical care since October, from a Syrian Army enforced blockade.
An ISIL car bomb in Jarablus killed 26 people, of which 23 were rebel fighters and three were civilians. Meanwhile, in Saraqeb fighting was continuing and opposition sources reported that the local ISIL commander, a Belgian, was killed. ISIL denied the claim. Between 15 and 17 January, rebels captured Jibreen, Hardntin Kfarrakeshr, Sheikh Ali, Aajel, 46th base, Orum al-Sughra and Reef al-Muhandiseen, while ISIL retreated from the village of Kafarjoum, which held what was believed to be the largest ISIL arms depot in all of Syria. ISIL also withdrew from Saraqib, burning their vehicles as they retreated, while at the same time ISIL recaptured Jarabulus.
A suicide bomber killed 4 people and injured 26 in the Lebanese town of Hermel, a Hezbollah stronghold near the Syrian border.
A rocket fired from Syria into the Lebanese border town of Arsal killed seven people and wounded 15.
2 suicide car bombs exploded at the Bab Al-Hawa border crossing, killing 16 people including six rebels. The same day, ISIL forces seized control of the Al-Jarah military airport. In Manbij, a large suicide car explosion killed 20 people, including rebels, women and children By 23 January, ISIL was in full control of Manbij and completely secured Darkush the following day.
It was reported that ISIL senior Commander Sameer Abid Mohammed al-Halefawi (aka Haji Bakr) was killed by rebels in Tal Rifaat, near Azaz, and at least two other ISIL senior commanders were captured at Hreitan. Four ISIL fighters and three rebels were killed in the fighting. ISIL confirmed the death of top ISIL leader Haji Bakr on 2 February.
- Al-Qaeda's general command broke off its links with ISIL, reportedly to concentrate the Islamist effort on unseating President Bashar al-Assad.
- By mid-February, al-Nusra Front had joined the battle in support of rebel forces, and expelled ISIL forces from the Deir ez-Zor province in Syria.
A three-day truce was agreed; civilians were allowed to evacuate from a rebel-held area of the Syrian city of Homs after more than 18 months under a government blockade.
- The BBC reported more than 1,000 civilians evacuated Homs during the truce, which had been extended to this day.
- Russia said it would veto a U.N. resolution on humanitarian aid access in Syria, claiming that the draft was an effort to prepare for military strikes against President Bashar al-Assad's government.
ISIL retreated from the border town of Azaz and nearby villages, choosing instead to consolidate around Raqqa in anticipation of an escalation of fighting with al-Nusra.
The United States expelled all Syrian diplomats and closed the Syrian embassy in Washington D.C.
The Israeli Air Force launched several air strikes on Syrian military sites, killing one Syrian soldier and wounding 7 others, in retaliation for a bombing that wounded four of its troops in the Golan Heights.
Clashes erupt in Tripoli, Lebanon between Syrian government supporters and detractors, leaving 3 dead.
Turkish F-16s shot down a Syrian MiG-23 aircraft for purportedly violating Turkish airspace.
The Syrian Army shelled the YPG-held neighbourhood of al-Msheirfah in Al-Hasakah city. The Syrian Kurdish news agency ANHA, citing a YPG source, stated that the attack began at 11:30 AM, and that mortar shells fired by the army struck the YPG's "Martyr Shiyar" office and a cotton mill, causing material damage. This incident occurred while the YPG was fighting off an ISIS attack against the town of Jaz'ah near Ya'rubiyah.
Members of the pro-government National Defence Force shot a YPG fighter in Qamishli city. The YPG responded by launching an operation in the Qadour Bek district of Qamishli, killing seven pro-government fighters and detaining 10 others. It was also reported that the YPG captured parts of the Qadour Bek district, including the Customs Building and the Qamishli's Bread Factory.
Chemical weapons are used again in Syria, this time on the town of Kafr Zita, Hama.
Iraqi helicopters reportedly destroyed an ISIL convoy in Syria. This was possibly the first time that Iraqi forces struck outside their country since the Gulf War.
Rebels withdraw from the besieged city of Homs in accordance with the U.N.-brokered deal between them and the Syrian government.
Russia and China veto a U.N. Security Council resolution that would have asked the International Criminal Court to investigate war crimes in Syria.
- Syrian rebels completely secure Khan Shaykhun and its surroundings in the 2014 Idlib offensive, capturing the al-Salam checkpoint west of the town.
- The Jordanian Foreign Ministry deemed Syrian ambassador in Amman Bahjat Suleiman persona non grata, giving him 24 hours to leave the kingdom. It said he had violated diplomatic protocol by posting repeated comments on social media that criticized Jordan and its Gulf allies. Syria declared Jordan’s charge d’affaires in Damascus persona non grata in response.
Syria presidential election takes place in government-controlled areas, amidst an opposition boycott. While the West denounces the election as rigged and "meaningless", delegations from Assad's main supporters, including Russia, Iran and Venezuela, praise the election as transparent and free.
The Syrian government announces Assad was re-elected, claiming that Assad had won with 88.7% of the vote and a turnout of 73.47% of eligible voters.
The Syrian government declares a general amnesty for all citizens; Assad would later fail to follow through and release any political prisoners.
The OPCW releases a preliminary report indicating more chemical weapons have been used since the August 2013 attacks, confirming France's suspicions that the Syrian government has still been using chlorine gas attacks.
The final stockpile of "declared" chemical weapons is shipped out of the country.
The Syrian Air Force bombs Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant-held towns in Iraq, killing at least 57 civilians.
Bashar Assad is sworn in to serve his third seven-year term as President of Syria.
- Syria's Shaer gas field in Homs Governorate was seized by ISIL. According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR), at least 90 National Defence Force guards defending the field were killed, as were 21 ISIL fighters. The SOHR later put the death toll from the fighting and the killing of prisoners at 270 soldiers, militiamen and staff, and at least 40 ISIL fighters.
- ISIL captures a Syrian 17th Division base near Raqqa and beheads several captured soldiers, whose heads are displayed in Raqqa. 32 jihadists and 42 Syrian Army members were overall killed on this day in clashes between ISIL and Syrian Army in Hasakeh, Raqqa and Aleppo provinces.
- ^ "34 jihadists dead after rebel clashes in Syria's Idlib: activists". AFP. 6 January 2014. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- ^ Lundquist, Lisa (2014-01-07). "Today In". The Long War Journal. Retrieved 2014-02-10.
- ^ "Clashes Athalasalamahtantql to Homs and killed 15 fighters in the vicinity of Rastan". Syriahr.com. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
- ^ "Al-Qaeda group kills Aleppo prisoners: report". Al Jazeera English. 7 January 2014. Retrieved 10 January 2014.
- ^ "Syria rebels seize al-Qaida base in north". Associated Press. 8 January 2014. Archived from the original on 9 January 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
- ^ "Aleppo free of ISIL control, rebel commander says". NOW News. 8 January 2014. Archived from the original on 8 January 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
- ^ "As Rebels Fight Rebels, Grim Reports From A Syrian City". NPR. 8 January 2014. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
- ^ "Al-Qaeda's ISIL vows to 'crush' Syrian rebels". Zaman Alwsl. 8 January 2014. Retrieved 10 January 2014.
- ^ "Jihadists battle back in north Syria, says monitor". AFP. 9 January 2014. Archived from the original on 9 January 2014. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
- ^ "Car bomb blast in Syria; deaths reported". 9 January 2014. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
- ^ "Car bomb kills 18 in Syria's Hama province". 9 January 2014. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
- ^ "Syria Militants Said to Recruit Visiting Americans to Attack U.S." 9 January 2014. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
- ^ "Al Qaeda group fights back against Syria rebel assault". Reuters. 10 January 2014. Retrieved 10 January 2014.
- ^ "500 Reported Killed In Rebel Infighting In Syria". Associated Press. 11 January 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
- ^ "protest march in Aleppo, 10 January 2014". Reuters. 10 January 2014. Retrieved 10 January 2014.
- ^ a b "Rebels clash in north Syria, bodies pile up in hospital - monitors". Reuters. 11 January 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
- ^ "NGO: Syria jihadists kill rebels in bombing". Alarabiya. 11 January 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
- ^ "Syrian troops advance on Aleppo area: activists". AFP. 11 January 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
- ^ "Rage grows against both ISIL and rebel leaders". The Daily Star. 11 January 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
- ^ "294 died yesterday, including 210 combat battalions of regular troops and". Syriahr.com. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
- ^ "Syrian opposition and ISIS continue Idlib battle". Asharq Al-Awsat. 12 January 2014. Archived from the original on 12 January 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- ^ a b "Group linked to al-Qaeda regains ground in northeast Syria". Reuters. 12 January 2014. Retrieved 12 January 2014.
- ^ "Syria conflict: 700 killed in eight days in early January, Syrian Observatory for Human Rights says". ABC. 12 January 2014. Retrieved 12 January 2014.
- ^ "Al Qaeda Syria unit executes dozens of rivals in Raqqa: activists". Reuters. 12 January 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- ^ "Syrian mortar attack kills at least 19". 13 January 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
- ^ "Syria, anti-Assad rebel infighting leaves 700 dead, including civilians". AsiaNews. 13 January 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- ^ a b "Al-Qaida-Linked Group Ousts Rivals From Syria Town". Associated Press. 13 January 2014. Archived from the original on January 13, 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- ^ "ISIS jihadists seize 'most' of north Syria town: activists". The Daily Star. 13 January 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- ^ "Jihadists seize Syria town, 'execute 60'". AAP. 14 January 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- ^ "Opposition forces seize Masqan in Aleppo as ISIL tightens grip over Al-Bab". Syria Newsdesk. 14 January 2014. Archived from the original on 18 January 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
- ^ "ISIL recaptures Raqqa from Syria's rebels". Aljazeera.com. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
- ^ "Rebel factions oust ISIL from most of Jarablos in Aleppo". Syria Newsdesk. 14 January 2014. Archived from the original on 18 January 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
- ^ "Syria conflict: dozens die of starvation in besieged Damascus refugee camp". 15 January 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
- ^ "Car bomb blamed on al Qaeda kills 26 in north Syrian town". Reuters. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
- ^ "Phalange fighter captures the villages and Jibreen Hardntin Brive Aleppo". Syriahr.com. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
- ^ "Combat battalions controlled Alr another village Brive Aleppo". Syriahr.com. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
- ^ "Al-Mujahideen Army ousts ISIL from Ratyan in Aleppo". Syria Newsdesk. 18 January 2014. Archived from the original on 22 January 2014. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- ^ "Syrian rebels push Qaeda affiliate from northwest stronghold". Reuters. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
- ^ "Suicide car bomb kills three in Hezbollah stronghold near Syria". 16 January 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
- ^ "Rocket fired from Syria kills seven in Lebanese border town". 17 January 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
- ^ a b "Syrie: 16 morts dans un double attentat". Lefigaro.fr. 2014-01-20. Retrieved 2014-02-10.
- ^ "3 suicide car explosions in Aleppo and Idlib". Syriahr.com. 2014-01-20. Retrieved 2014-02-10.
- ^ "Zawahri urges end to deadly clashes between rebels and jihadists". The Daily Star Newspaper - Lebanon. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
- ^ "ISIS have completely taken over the town of Darkoush". Syriahr.com. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
- ^ "Key Al-Qaida Militant Reportedly Killed in Syria". Yahoo. 27 January 2014. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- ^ "ISIS leaders killed, captured in Aleppo". The Daily Star. 28 January 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
- ^ "ISIS confirms death of senior leader in Syria". The Long War Journal. 5 February 2014.
- ^ Holmes, Oliver (3 February 2014). "Al Qaeda breaks link with Syrian militant group ISIL". Reuters. Retrieved 6 July 2014.
- ^ "Islamist rebels oust ISIS from Syria's Deir Ezzor". Al Arabiya. 10 February 2014. Retrieved 21 May 2014.
- ^ "Hundreds of civilians evacuated from besieged Syrian city". CBS News. 9 February 2014. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- ^ "Syria conflict: Aid and evacuations continue in Homs - BBC News". BBC News. 12 February 2014. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- ^ "Russia says will veto Syria aid resolution in current form". Reuters. 12 February 2014. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- ^ Sly, Liz (for The Washington Post) (4 March 2014). "Renegade al-Qaida faction withdraws from Syrian border town of Azaz". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 March 2014.
- ^ Gordon, Michael R. (18 March 2014). "U.S. Orders Syrian Embassy and Consulates to Suspend Operations". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- ^ Laura Smith-Spark; Michael Schwartz (19 March 2014). "Israel retaliates in Syria after bomb attack against Israeli troops - CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- ^ Fry, Maddy (21 March 2014). "Lebanese fighters and civilians killed and wounded in ethnic violence". Time Magazine. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- ^ "Syrian jet shot down by Turkey". Telegraph.co.uk. 23 March 2014. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- ^ "Clashes between YPG and ISIS around Hasakah". Retrieved 24 October 2014.
- ^ النظام يقصف مقرات وحدات حماية الشعب في حسكة (in Arabic). Hawar News Agency. 27 March 2014. Archived from the original on March 30, 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
- ^ مقتل أكثر من 30 مرتزقاً في محيط جزعة (in Arabic). Hawar News Agency. 27 March 2014. Archived from the original on April 16, 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
- ^ Kurdish YPG forces respond to Syrian government militants in Qamishli Archived March 21, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
- ^ "Timeline of Syrian Chemical Weapons Activity, 2012-2015". www.armscontrol.org. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
- ^ "U.S. Examines Possible Chemical Weapons Use in Syria". NBC News. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
- ^ "Iraq hits 'jihadist convoy' in Syria". BBC News. 27 April 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
- ^ "Rebels evacuated from Homs, cradle of Syrian uprising". Reuters India. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
- ^ Sengupta, Somini (22 May 2014). "China and Russia Block Referral of Syria to Court". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
- ^ "المرصد السورى لحقوق الإنسان - المرصد السورى لحقوق الإنسان". المرصد السورى لحقوق الإنسان. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
- ^ "Jordan, Syria bar envoys in tit-for-tat diplomatic row". Reuters. 2014-05-26. Retrieved 2022-05-05.
- ^ a b "Syrian President Bashar al-Assad wins third term - BBC News". BBC News. 5 June 2016. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
- ^ Barnard, Anne (9 June 2014). "President Bashar al-Assad of Syria Declares 'General Amnesty' for Prisoners". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
- ^ Samaan, Maher; Barnard, Anne (26 July 2015). "Assad, in Rare Admission, Says Syria's Army Lacks Manpower". The New York Times.
- ^ "Syria probably used chlorine gas in attacks this year, weapons inspectors say". Washington Post. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
- ^ "Watchdog: Last 'declared' chemical weapons leave Syria - CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
- ^ "Syrian warplanes reportedly strike in Iraq, killing 57 - CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
- ^ Saad, Hwaida; Cowell, Alan (16 July 2014). "Assad Begins a Third Term in Syria, Vowing to Look After Its People". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
- ^ "Islamic State fighters seize Syria gas field". Al Jazeera. 19 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
- ^ "Islamic state killed 270 during Syrian gas field takeover: monitor". Reuters. 19 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
- ^ Johnlee Varghese (25 July 2014). "ISIS Captures Syrian Military Base in Raqqa, Beheads Soldiers". International Business Times.
- ^ "74 killed in IS assault on Syria regime territory". Middle East Online. 25 July 2014.