Timeline of the European colonization of North America

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This is a chronology and timeline of the colonization of North America, with founding dates of selected European settlements. See also European colonization of the Americas.[1][2][3]

Before Columbus[edit]


Seventeenth Century[edit]

Map of the northern part and parts of the southern parts of the America, from the mouth of the Saint Laurent River to the Island of Cayenne,with the new discoveries of the Mississippi (or Colbert) River. This map shows the results of the expeditions of Father Marquette and L. Jolliet (1673) and the Cavelier de la Salle expedition in the Mississippi valley. The map shows three forts built between 1679 and 1680: Conty fort (near Niagara Falls), Miamis Fort (south of Michigan lake), and Crèvecœur fort (Left bank of the Illinois River). Mississippi river course is only shown upstream of the Ohio confluence.

Eighteenth Century[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Samuel Eliot Morison, The European Discovery of America (1971).
  2. ^ William Langer, ed.. An Encyclopedia of World History (5th ed. 1973)
  3. ^ Melvin E. Page, ed. Colonialism: An International Social, Cultural, and Political Encyclopedia (3 vol. 2003); vol. 2 pages 647-831 has a detailed chronology
  4. ^ Birgitta Wallace, "The Norse in Newfoundland: L'Anse aux Meadows and Vinland." Newfoundland and Labrador Studies 19.1 (2005). online
  5. ^ Samuel Eliot Morison, Admiral of the ocean sea." A live of Christopher Columbus (1942).
  6. ^ Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas, Historia general de los hechos de los Castellanos en las islas y tierra firme del Mar Oceano (General History of the Deeds of the Castilians on the Islands and Mainland of the Ocean Sea), Madrid, 1601-1615
  7. ^ First Arrivals, http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/amerbegin/settlement/text1/text1read.htm
  8. ^ Samuel Eliot Morison, The European Discovery of America (1971).
  9. ^ "GOMES, ESTEVÃO - Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online". Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  10. ^ Douglas Hunter (31 August 2010). Half Moon: Henry Hudson and the Voyage That Redrew the Map of the New World. Bloomsbury Publishing USA. p. 136. ISBN 978-1-60819-098-0. Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  11. ^ Joseph Dow (1894). History of the Town of Hampton, New Hampshire: From Its Settlement in 1638, to the Autumn of 1892.