Timeline of transportation technology
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- 6th millenium BCE - Dugout canoes constructed
- 4th millenium BCE - The earliest vehicles may have been ox carts.
- 3500 BCE - Domestication of the horse
- 3000 BCE - Austronesians construct catamarans and outriggers
- 2nd millenium BCE - Cart mentioned in literature
- 800 BCE - Canal for transport constructed in Ancient China
- 5th Century - Horse collar invented in China
- 800 – The streets of Baghdad are paved with tar
- 10th Century - sea-going ships built in China
- Late 10th century – Kamal invented in Arab world
- 1044 – Compass invented in China
- 13th century (or before) – Rocket invented in China
- 1350 – Compass dial invented by Ibn al-Shatir
- 15th century – Jan Žižka built the precursor to the motorised tank, armoured wagons equipped with cannons
- Late 16th century – European sailing ships become advanced enough to reliably cross oceans
- 1620 – Cornelius Drebbel builds the world's first known submarine, which is propelled by oars (although there are earlier ideas for and depictions of submarines).
- 1662 – Blaise Pascal invents a horse-drawn public bus which has a regular route, schedule, and fare system
- 1672 – Ferdinand Verbiest has built what may have been the first steam-powered scale model car
- 1716 – Swedish scientist, Emanuel Swedenborg, creates the first concept of a hovering vehicle.
- 1740 – Jacques de Vaucanson debuted his clockwork powered carriage
- 1769 – Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot demonstrates his fardier à vapeur, an experimental steam-driven artillery tractor
- 1776 – First submarine to be propelled by screws, and the first military submarine to attempt an attack on a ship, Turtle, is built by David Bushnell. The attack fails to sink HMS Eagle.
- 1783 – Joseph Montgolfier and Étienne Montgolfier launch the first hot air balloons
- 1783 – Jacques Charles and Les Frères Robert (Anne-Jean Robert and Nicolas-Louis Robert) launch the first Hydrogen balloon
- 1784 – William Murdoch built a working model of a steam carriage in Redruth, England
- 1790s – Canal Mania
- 1801 – Richard Trevithick ran a full-sized steam 'road locomotive' on the road in Camborne, England
- 1803 – Richard Trevithick built his 10-seater London Steam Carriage
- 1803 – William Symington's Charlotte Dundas, generally considered to be the world's first practical steamboat, makes her first voyage.
- 1804 – Richard Trevithick built a prototype steam-powered railway locomotive and it ran on the Pen-y-Darren Line near Merthyr Tydfil Wales
- 1804 – Oliver Evans (claimed to have) demonstrated a steam-powered amphibious vehicle.
- 1807 – Robert Fulton's North River Steamboat, the world's first commercially successful steamboat, makes her maiden voyage.
- 1807 – Nicéphore Niépce installed his Pyréolophore internal combustion engine in a boat and powered up the river Saone in France.
- 1807 – Isaac de Rivas made a hydrogen gas powered internal combustion engine and mounted it on a vehicle.
- 1812 – First commercially successful self-propelled engine on land was Mathew Murray's Salamanca on Middleton Railway using toothed wheels and rail
- 1812 – Timothy Hackworth's "Puffing Billy" ran on smooth Cast Iron Rails at Wylam Colliery near Newcastle
- 1814 – George Stephenson built the first practical steam-powered railway locomotive "Blutcher" at Killingworth Colliery.
- 1816 – The most likely originator of the bicycle is the German, Baron Karl von Drais, who rode his 1816 machine while collecting taxes from his tenants.
- 1819 – SS Savannah, the first vessel to cross the Atlantic Ocean partly under steam power, arrives at Liverpool, England from Savannah, Georgia.
- 1822 – Stevenson built a locomotive and designed the railway for Hetton Colliery which is first railway not to use any horse-traction but it did have several rope hauled sections.
- 1822 – First Meeting of Liverpool Manchester Railway Company Permanent Committee.
- 1825 - Stevenson's Locomotion No. 1 runs on Stockton & Darlington Railway which opens as first public railway and uses horses and self-propelled steam engines and stationary engines with ropes along a single track. No stations and no timetables as anyone could hire the track to use their own vehicle on it.
- 1825 – Sir Goldsworthy Gurney invented a series of steam-powered passenger carriages and by 1829 completed the 120-mile journey from London to Bath, Somerset and back.
- 1826 – Bill passed for Liverpool and Manchester Railway at second attempt and George Stevenson commences work on 35 mile twin track line permitting simultaneous travel in both directions between the 2 towns. Means of traction not specified to reduce opposition.
- 1828 – Stevenson's "Lancashire Witch" runs on Bolton and Leigh Railway line - a public goods line to connect Leeds and Liverpool Canal and Manchester Bolton & Bury Canal. Railway has rope hauled and self-propelled steam engines and single track.
- 1829 – Rainhill Trials to find best self-propelled engine for Liverpool Manchester line are won by Robert Stephenson's Rocket proving there is no need for horse traction or static engines on the main line. Rocket becomes basic formula for all future steam engines with boiler tubes, blast pipe, and the use of coal rather than coke.
- 1830 – Liverpool and Manchester Railway opens. First public transport system without animal traction, first public line with no rope hauled sections for main journey, first twin track, first railway between 2 large towns, first timetabled trains, first railway stations, first train faster than a mail coach, first tunnels under streets, first proper modern railway which formed the template for all subsequent railways.
- 1838 – Isambard Kingdom Brunel's SS Great Western, the first purpose-built transatlantic steamship, inaugurates the first regular transatlantic steamship service.
- 1840s – Railway Mania sweeps UK and Ireland
Late 19th Century
- 1852 – Elisha Otis invents the safety elevator.
- 1853 – Sir George Cayley built and demonstrated the first heavier-than-air aircraft (a glider)
- 1862 – Étienne Lenoir made a gasoline engine automobile
- 1863 – London's Metropolitan Railway opened to the public as the world's first underground railway
- 1867 – First modern motorcycle was invented
- 1868 – Safety bicycle invented
- 1868 – George Westinghouse invented the compressed-air brake for railway trains.
- 1868 – Louis-Guillaume Perreaux's steam velocipede, a steam engine attached to a Michaux velocipede.
- 1880 – Werner von Siemens builds first electric elevator.
- 1885 – Karl Benz invents the first car powered by an internal combustion engine, he called it the Benz Patent Motorwagen.
- 1890s – Bike boom sweeps Europe and America with hundreds of bicycle manufacturers in the biggest bicycle craze to date
- 1894 – Hildebrand & Wolfmüller became the first motorcycle available to the public for purchase.
- 1896 – Jesse W. Reno builds first escalator at Coney Island, and then reinstalls it on the Manhattan side of the Brooklyn Bridge.
- 1897 – Charles Parsons' Turbinia, the first vessel to be powered by a steam turbine, makes her debut.
- 1897 – Most likely the first electric bicycle was built in 1897 by Hosea W. Libbey.
- 1899 – Ferdinand von Zeppelin builds the first successful airship 
- 1900 – Ferdinand von Zeppelin launches the first successful airship.
- 1908 – Henry Ford develops the assembly line method of automobile manufacturing with the introduction of the Ford Model T.
- 1911 – Selandia launched – First ocean-going, diesel engine-driven ship.
- 1916 – First tank prototype, nicknamed "mother", was created by Britain during World War 1.
- 1926 – Robert Goddard launches the first liquid-fueled rocket.
- 1935 – First flight of the DC-3, one of the most significant transport aircraft in the history of aviation
- 1939 – First jet engine powered aircraft, the Heinkel He 178, takes flight.
- 1942 – V2 rocket covers a distance of 200 kilometres (120 mi).
- 1947 – Chuck Yeager in the Bell X1 completes the first supersonic manned flight.
- 1955 – First nuclear-powered vessel, USS Nautilus, a submarine, is launched.
- 1961 – Vostok 1, first manned space mission, designed by Sergey Korolyov and Kerim Kerimov, makes two orbits around the Earth
- 1971 – Salyut 1, first space station, launched by Kerim Kerimov.
- 1975 – Morgantown PRT, first Personal Rapid Transit system to be installed.
- 1976 – Concorde makes the world's first commercial passenger-carrying supersonic flight.
- 1981 – First flight of the space shuttle.
- 1994 – Channel Tunnel opens.
- 1997 – First Maglev train prototypes are tested in Japan.
- 2002 – Segway PT self-balancing personal transport was launched by inventor Dean Kamen
- 2004 – First commercial high speed Maglev train starts operation between Shanghai and its airport.
- 2010 – Ultra PRT, the first modern commercial Personal Rapid Transit system to be installed. Started operations at Heathrow Airport.
- David W. Anthony, The Horse, the Wheel, and Language: How Bronze-Age Riders from the Eurasian Steppes Shaped the Modern World. Princeton University Press, 2010 ISBN 1400831105 p461
- "1679–1681 – R P Verbiest's Steam Chariot". History of the Automobile: origin to 1900. Hergé. Retrieved 8 May 2009.
- Setright, L. J. K. (2004). Drive On!: A Social History of the Motor Car. Granta Books. ISBN 1-86207-698-7.
- "HOVERCRAFT BILL (Hansard, 16 May 1968)". Hansard.millbanksystems.com. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
- C.D. Buchanan (1958). "1". Mixed Blessing: The Motor in Britain. Leonard Hill.
- Smiles, Samuel (1906). Lives of the engineers: Work of James Brindley; John Smeaton; John Rennie; Thomas Telford; George Stephenson; Robert Stephenson and others. UK: The Folio Society. p. 256. ISBN 0-7153-4279-7.
- Thomas, RHG (1980). The Liverpool and Manchester Railway. UK: BT Batsford Ltd. p. 15. ISBN 0713405376.
- Smiles, Samuel (2006). The Liverpool and Manchester Railway. The Folio Society. pp. 268–270. ISBN 0-7153-4279-7.
- Carlson, Robert (1969). The Liverpool and Manchester Railway Project. UK: David and Charles :Newton Abbot. p. 179. ISBN 0-7153-4646-6.
- Thomas, RHG (1980). The Liverpool and Manchester Railway. UK: BT Batsford Ltd. p. 95. ISBN 07134-05376.
- Thomas, RHG (1980). The Liverpool and Manchester Railway. UK: BT Batsford Ltd. p. 75. ISBN 07134-05376.
- Carlson, Robert (1969). The Liverpool and Manchester Railway Project 1821–1831. Newton Abbot: David and Charles. pp. 11–16. ISBN 0-7153-4646-6.
- Falco, Charles M.; Guggenheim Museum Staff (1998), "Issues in the Evolution of the Motorcycle", in Krens, Thomas; Drutt, Matthew (eds.), The Art of the Motorcycle, Harry N. Abrams, pp. 24–31, 98–101, ISBN 0-89207-207-5
- "Benz Patent Motor Car: The first automobile (1885–1886)". Daimler. Archived from the original on 21 October 2018.
- Electric Bicycle Guide
- "The First Zeppelins: LZ-1 through LZ-4". Airships.net. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
- "World War One: The tank's secret Lincoln origins". BBC News. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- Glanfield, Appendix 2.
- The DC-3 Archived 5 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine