Timeline of transportation technology

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Antiquity[edit]

Middle Ages[edit]

  • 5th Century - Horse collar invented in China
  • 800 – The streets of Baghdad are paved with tar
  • 10th Century - sea-going ships built in China
  • Late 10th century – Kamal invented in Arab world
  • 1044 – Compass invented in China
  • 13th century (or before) – Rocket invented in China
  • 1350 – Compass dial invented by Ibn al-Shatir
  • 15th century – Jan Žižka built the precursor to the motorised tank, armoured wagons equipped with cannons
  • Late 16th century – European sailing ships become advanced enough to reliably cross oceans

17th century[edit]

  • 1620 – Cornelius Drebbel builds the world's first known submarine, which is propelled by oars (although there are earlier ideas for and depictions of submarines).
  • 1662 – Blaise Pascal invents a horse-drawn public bus which has a regular route, schedule, and fare system
  • 1672 – Ferdinand Verbiest has built what may have been the first steam-powered scale model car[2][3]

18th century[edit]

19th century[edit]

Late 19th Century[edit]

Late 19th century modes of transport, Japan

20th century[edit]

Early 20th Century modes of road transport in Dublin, 1929

21st century[edit]

Concept modes of transport, AVENUE21 - Autonomer Verkehr, 2017

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ David W. Anthony, The Horse, the Wheel, and Language: How Bronze-Age Riders from the Eurasian Steppes Shaped the Modern World. Princeton University Press, 2010 ISBN 1400831105 p461
  2. ^ "1679–1681 – R P Verbiest's Steam Chariot". History of the Automobile: origin to 1900. Hergé. Retrieved 8 May 2009.
  3. ^ Setright, L. J. K. (2004). Drive On!: A Social History of the Motor Car. Granta Books. ISBN 1-86207-698-7.
  4. ^ "HOVERCRAFT BILL (Hansard, 16 May 1968)". Hansard.millbanksystems.com. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  5. ^ a b c C.D. Buchanan (1958). "1". Mixed Blessing: The Motor in Britain. Leonard Hill.
  6. ^ Smiles, Samuel (1906). Lives of the engineers: Work of James Brindley; John Smeaton; John Rennie; Thomas Telford; George Stephenson; Robert Stephenson and others. UK: The Folio Society. p. 256. ISBN 0-7153-4279-7.
  7. ^ Thomas, RHG (1980). The Liverpool and Manchester Railway. UK: BT Batsford Ltd. p. 15. ISBN 0713405376.
  8. ^ Smiles, Samuel (2006). The Liverpool and Manchester Railway. The Folio Society. pp. 268–270. ISBN 0-7153-4279-7.
  9. ^ Carlson, Robert (1969). The Liverpool and Manchester Railway Project. UK: David and Charles :Newton Abbot. p. 179. ISBN 0-7153-4646-6.
  10. ^ Thomas, RHG (1980). The Liverpool and Manchester Railway. UK: BT Batsford Ltd. p. 95. ISBN 07134-05376.
  11. ^ Thomas, RHG (1980). The Liverpool and Manchester Railway. UK: BT Batsford Ltd. p. 75. ISBN 07134-05376.
  12. ^ Carlson, Robert (1969). The Liverpool and Manchester Railway Project 1821–1831. Newton Abbot: David and Charles. pp. 11–16. ISBN 0-7153-4646-6.
  13. ^ Falco, Charles M.; Guggenheim Museum Staff (1998), "Issues in the Evolution of the Motorcycle", in Krens, Thomas; Drutt, Matthew (eds.), The Art of the Motorcycle, Harry N. Abrams, pp. 24–31, 98–101, ISBN 0-89207-207-5
  14. ^ "Benz Patent Motor Car: The first automobile (1885–1886)". Daimler. Archived from the original on 21 October 2018.
  15. ^ Electric Bicycle Guide
  16. ^ a b "The First Zeppelins: LZ-1 through LZ-4". Airships.net. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  17. ^ "World War One: The tank's secret Lincoln origins". BBC News. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
  18. ^ Glanfield, Appendix 2.
  19. ^ The DC-3 Archived 5 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine