Timeline of transportation technology

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This is a timeline of transportation technology and technological developments in the culture of transportation.

Antiquity[edit]

A traditional Polynesian catamaran
Dionysus riding on a small galley-like craft in a painting from the Dionysus cup by Exekias, from c. 530 BC[1]

Middle Ages[edit]

Horse collars and cart between 1350 and 1375

17th century[edit]

  • 1620 – Cornelius Drebbel builds the world's first known submarine, which is propelled by oars (although there are earlier ideas for and depictions of submarines).
  • 1655 - Stephan Farffler was a Nuremberg watchmaker of the seventeenth century whose invention of a manumotive carriage in 1655 is widely considered to have been the first self-propelled wheelchair.
  • 1662 – Blaise Pascal invents a horse-drawn public bus which has a regular route, schedule, and fare system.
  • 1672 – Ferdinand Verbiest built what may have been the first steam-powered scale model car.[6][7]

18th century[edit]

19th century[edit]

Early 19th century[edit]

Late 19th century[edit]

Late 19th century modes of transport, Japan, horsecar, bicycle etc.
First Zeppelin ascent, 1900

20th century[edit]

Early 20th century[edit]

Early 20th Century modes of road transport in Dublin, 1929

Late 20th Century[edit]

A 0 series Shinkansen high-speed rail set in Tokyo, May 1967
Concorde 001 first flight in 1969
Space shuttle launch
C5 enthusiasts gather at the Brooklands Museum

21st century[edit]

Concept modes of transport, AVENUE21 – Autonomer Verkehr, 2017

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A "tube" railway is an underground railway constructed in a cylindrical tunnel by the use of a tunnelling shield, usually deep below ground level.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Casson (1971), pp. 68–69
  2. ^ David W. Anthony, The Horse, the Wheel, and Language: How Bronze-Age Riders from the Eurasian Steppes Shaped the Modern World. Princeton University Press, 2010 ISBN 1400831105 p461
  3. ^ King, David A. (1987). Islamic Astronomical Instruments. London: Variorum Reprints. ISBN 0860782018.
  4. ^ "Der Reiszug – Part 1 – Presentation". Funimag. Retrieved 22 April 2009.
  5. ^ Kriechbaum, Reinhard (15 May 2004). "Die große Reise auf den Berg". der Tagespost (in German). Archived from the original on 28 June 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2009.
  6. ^ "1679–1681 – R P Verbiest's Steam Chariot". History of the Automobile: origin to 1900. Hergé. Retrieved 8 May 2009.
  7. ^ Setright, L. J. K. (2004). Drive On!: A Social History of the Motor Car. Granta Books. ISBN 1-86207-698-7.
  8. ^ "HOVERCRAFT BILL (Hansard, 16 May 1968)". Hansard.millbanksystems.com. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  9. ^ Amato, Joseph (November 2004). On foot: a history of walking - Google Book Search. ISBN 9780814705025. Retrieved 24 March 2009.
  10. ^ https://www.rogerskateboards.com/inline-skate-history/
  11. ^ a b c C.D. Buchanan (1958). "1". Mixed Blessing: The Motor in Britain. Leonard Hill.
  12. ^ Smiles, Samuel (1906). Lives of the engineers: Work of James Brindley; John Smeaton; John Rennie; Thomas Telford; George Stephenson; Robert Stephenson and others. UK: The Folio Society. p. 256. ISBN 0-7153-4279-7.
  13. ^ Thomas, RHG (1980). The Liverpool and Manchester Railway. UK: BT Batsford Ltd. p. 15. ISBN 0713405376.
  14. ^ Smiles, Samuel (2006). The Liverpool and Manchester Railway. The Folio Society. pp. 268–270. ISBN 0-7153-4279-7.
  15. ^ Carlson, Robert (1969). The Liverpool and Manchester Railway Project. UK: David and Charles :Newton Abbot. p. 179. ISBN 0-7153-4646-6.
  16. ^ Thomas, RHG (1980). The Liverpool and Manchester Railway. UK: BT Batsford Ltd. p. 95. ISBN 07134-05376.
  17. ^ Thomas, RHG (1980). The Liverpool and Manchester Railway. UK: BT Batsford Ltd. p. 75. ISBN 07134-05376.
  18. ^ Carlson, Robert (1969). The Liverpool and Manchester Railway Project 1821–1831. Newton Abbot: David and Charles. pp. 11–16. ISBN 0-7153-4646-6.
  19. ^ Falco, Charles M.; Guggenheim Museum Staff (1998), "Issues in the Evolution of the Motorcycle", in Krens, Thomas; Drutt, Matthew (eds.), The Art of the Motorcycle, Harry N. Abrams, pp. 24–31, 98–101, ISBN 0-89207-207-5
  20. ^ C. N. Pyrgidis. Railway Transportation Systems: Design, Construction and Operation. CRC Press, 2016. P. 156
  21. ^ Ye. N. Petrova. St. Petersburg in Focus: Photographers of the Turn of the Century; in Celebration of the Tercentenary of St. Petersburg. Palace Ed., 2003. P. 12
  22. ^ "Benz Patent Motor Car: The first automobile (1885–1886)". Daimler. Archived from the original on 21 October 2018.
  23. ^ http://railknowledgebank.com/Presto/content/GetDoc.axd?ctID=MTk4MTRjNDUtNWQ0My00OTBmLTllYWUtZWFjM2U2OTE0ZDY3&rID=NzA=&pID=Nzkx&attchmnt=True&uSesDM=False&rIdx=MjUyOA==&rCFU=. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  24. ^ Wolmar 2005, p. 4.
  25. ^ "Trolley canal boats". LOW-TECH MAGAZINE.
  26. ^ https://www.bikesure.co.uk/bikesureblog/2016/03/a-brief-history-of-motorcycle-sidecars.html
  27. ^ Eckermann, Erik (2001), World History of the Automobile, SAE, pp. 67–68, ISBN 9780768008005, retrieved 6 October 2013
  28. ^ Electric Bicycle Guide
  29. ^ a b "The First Zeppelins: LZ-1 through LZ-4". Airships.net. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  30. ^ MBTA (2010). "About the MBTA-The "El"". MBTA. Archived from the original on 26 November 2010. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
  31. ^ "World War One: The tank's secret Lincoln origins". BBC News. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
  32. ^ Glanfield, Appendix 2.
  33. ^ "Golfer Follows Ball In Car Run By Electricity", May 1932, Popular Mechanics article bottom of page 801
  34. ^ The DC-3 Archived 5 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  35. ^ Wand, George. “Fuel Cell History, Part 2” Archived 2015-04-02 at the Wayback Machine. “Fuel Cell Today”, April 2006, accessed August 2, 2011
  36. ^ "Welcome to the Parasail Safety Council - Mark McCulloh".
  37. ^ "Parasailing - Aloha Surf Guide".
  38. ^ Al-Khatib, Talal (5 December 2011). "Parasailing: What You Need to Know Before You Go".
  39. ^ Henshaw, David (1 June 2004). "Honda Step-Compo". A to B Magazine.
  40. ^ "The Ultracapbus - VAG Nürnberg - Öffentlicher Personennahverkehr in Nürnberg". Vag.de. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
  41. ^ Stefan Kerschl, Eberhard Hipp, Gerald Lexen: Effizienter Hybridantrieb mit Ultracaps für Stadtbusse Archived 11 January 2014 at the Wayback Machine 14. Aachener Kolloquium Fahrzeug- und Motorentechnik 2005 (German)
  42. ^ https://edition.cnn.com/travel/article/concorde-last-flight-photo/index.html
  43. ^ M. Fröhlich, M. Klohr, St. Pagiela: Energy Storage System with UltraCaps on Board of Railway Vehicles Archived 11 January 2014 at the Wayback Machine In: Proceedings - 8th World Congress on Railway Research Mai 2008, Soul, Korea
  44. ^ Bombardier, MITRAC Energy Saver Support PDF
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  46. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/education/2004/jan/15/research.highereducation3
  47. ^ "China Presents the World's First Hydrogen-Fueled Tram".
  48. ^ "China Develops World's First Hydrogen-Powered Tram". IFLScience.
  49. ^ 历经磨难 全球首个地面供电的100%低地板现代有轨电车项目终成正果
  50. ^ Connolly, Kate (23 September 2018). "Germany launches world's first autonomous tram in Potsdam". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  51. ^ https://news.mit.edu/2018/first-ionic-wind-plane-no-moving-parts-1121
  52. ^ "China's Fuxing series, can run up to 350 kilometers per hour (217 mph) without a driver". CNN. 8 January 2020.
  53. ^ "World's fastest driverless bullet train launches in China". The Guardian. 9 January 2020.
  54. ^ https://www.telegraph.co.uk/business/2020/09/24/first-hydrogen-powered-plane-takes-flight/
  55. ^ https://newmobility.news/2019/08/21/french-start-up-bets-on-e-bike-without-battery/