Timeline of women in photography

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Clementina Maude and Isabella taken by their mother Lady Clementina Hawarden c.1861

This is a timeline of women in photography tracing the major contributions women have made to both the development of photography and the outstanding photographs they have created over the 19th, 20th and 21st centuries.

Early 19th-century pioneers[edit]

1839[edit]

  • United Kingdom Sarah Anne Bright (1793–1866) produces what is possibly the earliest surviving photographic image taken by a women.[1]
  • United KingdomConstance Fox Talbot (1811–1880), wife of the inventor Henry Fox Talbot, experiments with the process of photography, possibly becoming the first woman to take a photograph.[2]

1842[edit]

1843[edit]

  • United KingdomAnna Atkins (1799–1871), also a friend of Henry Fox Talbot, publishes Photographs of British Algae: Cyanotype Impressions, the first book with photographic illustrations.[4]
  • GermanyBertha Beckmann (1815–1901), opens a studio in Leipzig, running the business herself from his death in 1847.[5]

1844[edit]

  • ScotlandJessie Mann (1805–1867) takes a photograph of the King of Saxony, probably becoming the first woman photographer in Scotland.[6]

1845[edit]

1847[edit]

1848[edit]

1849[edit]

Later 19th-century[edit]

1850[edit]

  • United StatesJulia Shannon (c. 1812 – c. 1852), the first known woman photographer in California, advertises her work with daguerrotypes in 1850.
  • DenmarkThora Hallager (1821–1884) begins making dagerreotypes in Copenhagen, opening her own studio around 1857.[11]

1852[edit]

1854[edit]

1856[edit]

  • ItalyVirginia Oldoini (1837–1899) began taking photographs, mainly of herself in theatrical costumes.[15]
  • United StatesJulia Ann Rudolph (also known as Julia Ann Swift and Julia Ann Raymond; c. 1820–1890) sets up her own photography studio in Nevada City, California.

1857[edit]

1864[edit]

1867[edit]

1869[edit]

1871[edit]

1876[edit]

1880s[edit]

  • United StatesMollie Fly (1847–1925) ran a photo studio from the 1880s to the early 1910s in Tombstone, Arizona.

1881[edit]

1888[edit]

  • DenmarkMary Steen (1856–1939)) becomes Denmark's first female court photographer.[23]

1890[edit]

1894[edit]

1895[edit]

  • DenmarkJulie Laurberg (1856–1925) opens a large successful photography business in Copenhagen's Magasin du Nord where she employed many women. Supported women's professional participation in photography.[26]

1896[edit]

1899[edit]

Early 20th century[edit]

1900[edit]

  • United StatesGertrude Käsebier (1852-1934) sold prints of her 1899 photograph "The Manger" (a portrait of fellow photographer Frances W. Delehanty) for $100, "the highest price ever paid for a photograph" to that time.[29]

1901[edit]

1903[edit]

Col. Willoughby Verner, 1903 photograph by Acland.
  • United KingdomSarah Acland is taking colour photos whilst on holiday in Gibraltar.[31]
  • United KingdomChristina Broom (1862–1939) starts selling photographs as postcards, later becoming the first female press photographer.[32]

1906[edit]

1907[edit]

  • AustriaDora Kallmus (1881–1963) establishes a fashion studio in Vienna, later creating portraits of celebrities.[34]

1909[edit]

1913[edit]

1915[edit]

  • United StatesKatherine Russell Bleecker (1893-1996) makes three films about prison reform this year, using her own cameras. She is sometimes credited as the first professional camerawoman in American film.[37]

1916[edit]

  • AustriaTrude Fleischmann (1895–1990) embarks on her career as a professional photographer, creating outstanding portraits of intellectuals and artists.[38]

1917[edit]

1920s[edit]

  • LebanonMarie al-Khazen (1899–1983) was a Lebanese photographer active in the 1920s; the photographs she created are considered to constitute a valuable and unique record of their time and place.[40]
  • United StatesElise Forrest Harleston (February 8, 1891 – 1970) was an early African-American photographer who set up a studio in Charleston, South Carolina, in 1922 that lasted into the early 1930s.

1925[edit]

1928[edit]

1932[edit]

  • HungaryYlla (1911–1955) begins photographing animals, later becoming recognized as the world's most proficient animal photographer.[43][44]

1936[edit]

1939[edit]

1940s[edit]

  • Japan Tsuneko Sasamoto (born 1914) joins the Japanese Photographic Society in 1940, becoming Japan's first woman photojournalist.[49]
  • United StatesCarlotta Corpron (December 9, 1901 – April 17, 1988) begins making the "light drawings" that establish her as a pioneer of American abstract photography.

1941[edit]

1945[edit]

Late 20th century[edit]

1950[edit]

  • United StatesThousands of striking 19th-century photographs made by Staten Island photographer Alice Austen (1866-1952) were rediscovered and published.[52]

1954[edit]

1962[edit]

1967[edit]

1972[edit]

1973[edit]

1974[edit]

1978[edit]

  • MexicoGraciela Iturbide (born 1942) becomes one of the founding members of the Mexican Council of Photography.[60]

1979[edit]

1980[edit]

1991[edit]

21st century[edit]

2005[edit]

2010[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "Early Women Photographers: Part 1 (The Pioneers)". The Bone Lantern. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  3. ^ "Möliinger, Louise Franiska" (in German). SIK ISEA. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  4. ^ "Cyanotypes of British Algae by Anna Atkins (1843)". The Public Domain Review. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  5. ^ "Bertha Wehnert-Beckmann (1815 –1901)" (in German). Deutsches Historisches Museum. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  6. ^ Munro, Alistair. "Jessie Mann: The first ever female photographer?". The Scotsman. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
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  9. ^ Palmquist, Peter E.; Kailbourn, Thomas R. (2005). Pioneer Photographers from the Mississippi to the Continental Divide: A Biographical Dictionary, 1839-1865. Stanford University Press. pp. 365–. ISBN 978-0-8047-4057-9.
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  12. ^ Bake, Rita. "Emilie Bieber" (in German). Hamburg.de. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  13. ^ Dahlman, Eva. "Kvinnliga pionjärer osynliga i fotohistorien" (in Swedish). Göteborgs Universitet. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  14. ^ Taylor, Roger; Schaaf, Larry John (2007). Impressed by Light: British Photographs from Paper Negatives, 1840-1860. Metropolitan Museum of Art. pp. 353–. ISBN 978-1-58839-225-1.
  15. ^ "The Countess da Castiglione". Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  16. ^ "Lady Clementina Hawarden Biography". Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  17. ^ Daniel, Malcolm. "Julia Margaret Cameron (1815–1879)". Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  18. ^ "Marie Louise Thomsen, f. Molbech, 1823-1907" (in Danish). History of photography. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
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  27. ^ "Brims, Harriett Pettifore (1864 - 1939)". The Australian Women's Register. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  28. ^ "Finding Aid to the Laura Adams Armer Photograph Collection PC-RM-Armer". Online Archive of California. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  29. ^ Alvin Langdon Coburn, "American Photographs in London" Photo-era Magazine (January 1901): 212.
  30. ^ Frances Benjamin Johnson, Clio: Visualizing History.
  31. ^ Hudson, Giles (14 November 2012). "Images for the news release 'Sarah Angelina Acland re-discovered as one of the pioneers of colour photography'". Mattersphotographical (Blog). Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  32. ^ Brown, Mark (10 December 2014). "Museum honours Christina Broom – pioneer of news photography". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  33. ^ Himberg, Petra (14 January 2014). "Signe Brander tallensi katoavan Helsingin" (in Finnish). Yle.fi. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  34. ^ Silverman, Lisa. "Madame d'Ora". Jewish Women's Archive. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  35. ^ Maybelle D. Goolander, "History of the Woman's Federation of the P. A. of A." Bulletin of Photography (September 18, 1912): 417-419.
  36. ^ "Margaret Watkins". National Gallery of Canada. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  37. ^ Alison Griffiths, Carceral Fantasies: Cinema and Prison in Early Twentieth-Century America (Columbia University Press 2016): 240-244. ISBN 9780231541565
  38. ^ Silverman, Lisa. "Trude Fleischmann". Jewish Women's Archive. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  39. ^ ""Mrs. Naciye Suman" International Art Photography Contest" (PDF). Sille Art Gallery. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  40. ^ Yasmine Nachabe, "An Alternative Representation of Femininity in 1920s Lebanon: Through the Mise-en-Abîme of a Masculine Space" New Middle Eastern Studies 1(2011).
  41. ^ Abrams, Melanie (24 July 2011). "Star maker: the photographer Ruth Harriet Louise". The Telegraph. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  42. ^ a b "Margaret Bourke-White". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  43. ^ "Fall Kills Ylla, Camera Artist; Photographer Tumbles From Jeep in India as She Takes Pictures of Bullock Race". The New York Times. 31 March 1955. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
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  58. ^ Sanchis, Verónica (2018-11-30). "Foto Féminas' Library – María Cristina Orive – 1931-2017". Foto-Feminas. Archived from the original on 17 December 2018. Retrieved 2018-12-17.
  59. ^ "Letizia Battaglia". International Center of Photography. 2018-04-13. Retrieved 2018-12-12.
  60. ^ "Graciela Iturbide". International Center of Photography. 2016-03-02. Retrieved 2018-12-12.
  61. ^ "Alicia D´Amico, Fotografías". ArteHispano (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-12-18.
  62. ^ "Jane Evelyn Atwood". International Center of Photography. 2018-01-31. Retrieved 2018-12-12.
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