Timeline of women in warfare and the military in the United States, 2000–2010

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This article lists events involving women in warfare and the military in the United States from 2000 until 2010. For 2011 onward, please see Timeline of women in warfare and the military in the United States from 2011–present.


  • Spring: The first woman commands a U.S. Navy warship at sea (Kathleen McGrath). The vessel is assigned to the Persian Gulf.[1][2]
  • 1 June: Deborah Walsh became the first woman in the U.S. Coast Guard promoted to chief warrant officer in Aviation Engineering (AVI).[3]
  • 1 July: Regina Mills became the U.S. Navy's first female Aviation Deck LDO.[4]
  • July: Lucille "Pam" Thompson became the first African-American woman to serve as a U.S. Coast Guard special agent. She served in this capacity until July 2004.[3]
  • The U.S. Air Force promoted the first female pilot to brigadier general.[1]
  • U.S. Navy women are among the victims when the USS Cole is attacked by a suicide bomber in Yemen.[1]
  • The Women at Sea (WAS) Distribution and Assignment Working Group was established in the U.S. Navy.[5]
  • The Army National Guard promoted the first woman to major general.[1]
  • First woman in the U.S. Coast Guard promoted to RADM: Mary P O'Donnell.[3]
  • First woman in the U.S. Coast Guard promoted to Reserve RADM: Mary P. O'Donnell, USCGR.[3]
  • First African-American woman in the U.S. Coast Guard promoted to master chief petty officer: Angela McShan.[3]
  • Eleanor Mariano became the first Filipino-American woman to be promoted to rear admiral in the navy.[6]


  • Spring: Coral Wong Pietch became the first woman Army Judge Advocates General (JAG), and the first Asian-American woman to reach the rank of general in the United States Army.[7]
  • 11 September: During the 9/11 terror attacks, U.S combat pilots Lt. Col. Marc H. Sasseville and Lt. Heather "Lucky" Penney-García are ordered to bring down the hijacked airliner United Airlines Flight 93 by ramming their F-16s into it. The plane crashes in Pennsylvania before they can do so, however.[8] Furthermore, in the attack at the Pentagon ten active duty, reserve, and retired servicewomen were among the casualties. Servicewomen were activated and deployed in support of the war on terrorism.[1]
  • An Air National Guard security force woman becomes the first woman to complete the U.S. counter-sniper course, the only U.S. military sniper program open to women at the time.[1]
  • The US Army Women's Museum opens at Ft. Lee, Virginia.[1]
  • Susan Woo becomes the first female West Point cadet to win an East/West Center Scholarship.[9]
  • Kimberly Pienkowski becomes the first female West Point cadet to win a first team all-America in air rifle.[9]
  • COL Ann Horner becomes the first female garrison commander at West Point.[9]
  • CDR Sharon Donald-Baynes became the first African-American woman to command an operations ashore unit in the U.S. Coast Guard when she took command of Group Lower Mississippi River based in Memphis, Tennessee.[3]
  • ENS Andrea Parker became the first black woman to graduate with an engineering degree from the U.S. Coast Guard Academy.[3]
  • CAPT Norma Hackney became the first woman in the U.S. Navy to have a major combatant command afloat, USS SAIPAN (LHA 2).[5]
  • CMDCM Evelyn Banks became the first female Command Master Chief of an Airwing in the U.S. Navy, CVW-14.[5]


  • March: Vernice Armour becomes the first African-American female combat pilot in the United States military.[10] She flew the AH-1W SuperCobra attack helicopter in the 2003 invasion of Iraq and eventually served two tours in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom.[11]
  • June: CAPT Jane M. Hartley, USCGR, was designated as the Commanding Officer of Marine Safety Office Wilmington, North Carolina and as such became the first woman in the U.S. Coast Guard to become Captain of the Port.[3]
  • October: Diane E. Beaver lawyer and former officer in the United States Army.[12] drafted a legal opinion Judge Advocate General Corps advocating for the legality of harsh interrogation techniques that were being proposed for use at Guantanamo, including[13][14][15] waterboarding; exposure to extremes of temperature; the use of non-injurious physical contact; and "scenarios designed to convince the detainee that death or severely painful consequences are imminent for him and/or his family." She also advised that Category II and III methods (the harshest) "undergo a legal review prior to their commencement".[16]
  • 29 October: Rear Admiral Annette E. Brown, USN assumed duties as commander, Navy Region Southeast on 29 October 2002.[17] Brown was the first woman to command Navy Region Southeast.[17]
  • Lieutenant Junior Grade Angelina Hidalgo, USCG, became the second Hispanic-American female to command an afloat unit.[18]
  • An enlisted female U.S. Marine (Sergeant Jeannette L. Winters) is killed in an aircraft crash in Pakistan, the first woman to die in the Global War on Terror (specifically Operation Enduring Freedom).[1][19]
  • The U.S. Defense Advisory Committee on Women in the Services (DACOWITS) is issued a new charter narrowing its focus to issues pertaining to military families, recruitment, readiness and retention. A retired Marine three-star general is appointed chairman of the new, downsized advisory committee.[1]
  • For the first time in its history, the U.S. Army National Guard promotes an African-American woman to the rank of brigadier general.[citation needed]
  • For the first time in US history, a woman becomes the top enlisted advisor in one of the military components. She is sworn in as the Command Sergeant Major of the US Army Reserve.[1]
  • Jeannie Huh becomes the first female West Point cadet to win a Mitchell Scholarship.[9]
  • Lauren Rowe becomes the first West Point cadet to win Patriot League "Defensive Player of the Year" award in women's soccer and only the second to win regional first-team all-America recognition.[9]
  • Then-CDR Gail Kulisch took command of the Atlantic Strike Team, becoming the first female commanding officer of a Strike Team in the U.S. Coast Guard.[3]
  • Cadet 1/c Sarah Salazar became the first Hispanic female regimental commander at the U.S. Coast Guard Academy.[3]
  • CAPT Deborah Loewer became the first female SWO (1110) to be selected for flag officer in the U.S. Navy.[5]
  • MIDN 1/C Emelia Spencer became the first woman from the U.S. Naval Academy to be selected as a Rhodes Scholar.[5]
  • CMDCM Jacqueline DiRosa became the first female Force Master Chief in the U.S. Navy (Bureau of Medicine and Surgery – BUMED).[5]
  • Sheryl Gordon became the Alabama National Guard's first female general officer.[20]


  • January: 2003 US Air Force Academy sexual assault scandal emerges.[21]
  • January–February: Susan Livingstone became the first female Acting U.S. Secretary of the Navy.[citation needed]
  • March: PFC Jessica Lynch, USA, is embroiled in a controversy over differing accounts of her capture and rescue in Iraq.[22][23][24][25][26]
  • March: Shoshana Johnson becomes the first black female prisoner of war in United States history.[27]
  • 23 March:[28] SPC Lori Piestewa, USA, is killed in action. She is the first woman soldier to be killed in action in the 2003 Iraq Conflict,[29] and the first Native American woman to be killed in action while serving in the United States Military.[30]
  • 7 April: Capt Kim Campbell, USAF, gains favorable notice when she successfully pilots her aircraft back to base despite extensive damage in a combat mission.[31][32]
  • October, RDML Deborah Loewer, SWO, became the first warfare qualified woman promoted to flag rank in the U.S. Navy.[5]
  • 15 September: SPC Alyssa Peterson, United States Army, died a "non-hostile weapons discharge" at the Tal Afar airbase on the Syrian-Iraqi frontier. Subsequent investigation revealed that she had been placed under suicide watch after refusing further participation in interrogation sessions which she said constituted torture of Iraqi prisoners.[33]
  • 2 November: SPC Frances M. Vega, United States Army, was killed as a surface-to-air missile was fired by insurgents in Al Fallujah and it hit the U.S. Chinook helicopter that she was in. She was one of 16 soldiers who lost their lives in the crash that followed.[34]
  • December: U.S. Coast Guard helicopter pilot LCDR Sidonie Bosin was recognized by the First Flight Centennial Commission's 100 Heroes Committee (formed for the commemoration of the Wright Brothers first powered flight) as being one of the "top 100 aviators of all time." She was also the first female aviation officer in charge of air crews deployed to the Coast Guard cutter Polar Sea in the Antarctic, including one of an all-female flight crew.[3]
  • Kayla Williams, United States Army, was deployed to Iraq. She later wrote about her experiences in her book, Love My Rifle More Than You.[35]
  • Mary L. Walker, the General Counsel of the Air Force, gained notoriety for her role in a 2003 review by the United States Department of Defense of the so-called Torture Memos.[36][37][38][39][40][41]
  • The U.S Marine Corps Logistics Base's first female brown belt instructor was certified (Cpl. Theresa Barnes).[42]
  • First active-duty women in the U.S. Coast Guard to serve in a combat zone: when CGC Boutwell served in the Persian Gulf in support of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom from January 2003 to June 2003.[3]
  • LT Holly Harrison became the first U.S. Coast Guard woman to command a cutter in a combat zone. She was also the first Coast Guard woman to be awarded the Bronze Star Medal.[3]
  • Rear Admiral Carol I. Turner became the first female chief of the U.S. Navy Dental Corps.[43][44]
  • Sarah Schechter became the first female rabbi in the U.S. Air Force.[45][46]
  • Air Force Academy removed its sign stating "Bring Me Men".[47] In 2004 they replaced it with a sign stating "Integrity First. Service Before Self. Excellence In All We Do," which is the Air Force's statement of core values.[47]
  • The U.S. Navy opens Sea Operational Detachments (SEAOPDETS) to women.[5]
  • CMDCM Beth Lambert became the first female Command Master Chief of an Aircraft Carrier in the U.S. Navy, USS THEODORE ROOSEVELT (CVN 71).[5]
  • CMDCM Evelyn Banks became the first female CNOCM of U.S. Navy Recruiting.[5]


  • 2 January: CPT Kimberly Hampton, USA, becomes the first female military pilot to be shot down and killed by an enemy in United States history.[48][49][50]
  • 9 April: SPC Michelle Witmer is killed in Baghdad. She is the first woman from the United States National Guard to be killed in action in history.[51] Her sister was subsequently removed from action by the military, citing the risk that enemy forces might target her in an effort to harm U.S. morale.[52]
  • 13 August: MGySgt. Abigail D. Olmos, support equipment asset manager, became the first female Master Gunnery Sergeant in her field.[53][54]
  • 25 August: Publication of the Fay Report on Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse.[55] Major General Barbara Fast, United States Army, the senior military intelligence officer serving in Iraq during the period of time when the abuses occurred, was exonerated of any wrongdoing. She also received praise for improving intelligence collection efforts when the Iraqi insurgency was growing in the summer of 2003, and changes she put in place "improved the intelligence process and saved the lives of coalition forces and Iraqi civilians," according to Army Maj. Gen. George Fay.[56]
  • September: Brig Gen Dana H. Born, USAF, becomes the dean of faculty at the United States Air Force Academy. She is the first woman to hold that position.[57][58]
  • 30 October: SPC Megan Ambuhl, USA, is convicted of dereliction of duty at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq in relation to detainee abuse.[59][60]
  • 12 November: MAJ Tammy Duckworth, USA, loses both legs when the UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter she was co-piloting was hit by a rocket-propelled grenade fired by Iraqi insurgents.[61][62] This makes her the first female double amputee from the Iraq war.[63]
  • Katie MacFarlane graduates West Point as the Patriot League's all-time leading rebounder in both men's and women's basketball and is the Army women's basketball record-holder in scoring, rebounding and field goals.[9]
  • BG Rebecca S. Halstead (USMA '81) becomes the first female West Point graduate to attain the rank of general officer. Before the end of the year, BG Anne Macdonald (USMA '80) becomes a second.[9]
  • Michelle Weinbaum, a West Point cadet, becomes the first fencer in the 72-year history of the Intercollegiate Women's Fencing Association to win three consecutive invitational titles.[9]
  • Master Sergeant Lisa Girman, United States Army, as well as other members of the Army, received discharges for misconduct for allegedly mistreating Iraqi prisoners. Their discharges were eventually reversed and the allegations misconduct were cleared. Another soldier, Shawna Edmondson, agreed to an "other-than-honorable" discharge in exchange for dismissal of criminal charges[64]
  • The Commanding Officer billet aboard Patrol Coastal (PC) ships was opened to female officers in the U.S. Navy.[5]
  • The first woman in US Air Force history takes command of a fighter squadron.[1]
  • Then-CDR Meredith Austin of the U.S. Coast Guard took command of the National Strike Force Coordination Center, becoming the first female commanding officer of the Center.[3]
  • YNC Crystal A. Sparks of the U.S. Coast Guard became the first female Company Commander School Chief at TRACEN Petaluma.[3]
  • LCDR Rhonda Fleming-Makell was the first African-American female U.S. Coast Guard officer to earn a 20-year retirement.[3]
  • YNCM Pamela J. Carter was the first female active duty master chief petty officer in the U.S. Coast Guard to retire with 30 years of active-duty service when she retired on 1 June 2004.[3]
  • First female commanding officer of the U.S. Coast Guard Institute: Theresa Tierney, August 2004.[3]
  • Wendi Carpenter became the U.S. Navy’s first female aviator admiral.[65]
  • LCDR Louvenia A. McMillan became the U.S. Coast Guard's first African American female Intelligence Officer and the first African American female Field Intelligence Support Team Leader.[3]
  • Jill Morgenthaler, a retired U.S. Army Reserve Colonel, handles press duties for the army, including the Abu Ghraib scandal.[66][67][68]
  • First Lieutenant Melissa Stockwell, a U.S. Army officer, becomes the first American female soldier to lose a limb in the Iraq War.[69]
  • American Iraq veterans Kelly Dougherty and Diana Morrison co-found Iraq Veterans Against the War with other veterans.[70][71]
  • By year’s end, 19 U.S. servicewomen had been killed as a result of hostile action since the war in Iraq had begun in 2003, the most servicewomen to die as a result of hostile action in any war that the nation had participated in.[1]
  • Daniella Kolodny became the first female rabbi enlisted in the U.S. Naval Academy.[72][73]
  • Sergeant Lacey, a military interrogator in the Guantanamo Bay detention camp in Cuba, was implicated in FBI reports to the Department of Defense, alleging that she had been observed inflicting abuse on her interrogation subjects.[74]



  • March:[105] Public debut of Maj Nicole Malachowski, USAF, the first woman pilot selected to fly as part of the Air Force Air Demonstration Squadron (Thunderbirds), and the first woman on any US military high performance jet team. She was selected in 2005.[1][106]
  • 13 March: Capt. Elizabeth A. Okoreeh-Baah, USMC, became the first female MV-22 Osprey pilot.[107]
  • May: SGT Ashley Gallagher, a military police sergeant assigned to Headquarters and Headquarters Company, Brigade Special Troops Battalion, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 3rd Infantry Division, became the first woman at Fort Benning, Georgia, to graduate at the top of her class when she earned the Leadership Award, the highest possible achievement, in the Warrior Leader Course at Fort Benning.[108]
  • August: Vice Admiral Nancy Elizabeth Brown assumed duties as the director, Command, Control, Communications and Computer Systems (C4 Systems), The Joint Staff.[109]
  • On 2 August 2006, Angela Salinas became the first Hispanic woman to become a United States Marine Corps general officer, and the sixth woman in the Marine Corps to reach the rank of brigadier general.[citation needed]
  • September: Major Jill Metzger, USAF disappears for three days in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. Although initially accused of going AWOL, she was cleared of the charges when it was confirmed that she was kidnapped.[110]
  • 8 September: SFC Meredith Howard, USA, is killed in action in Afghanistan. At age 52, she is the oldest American female soldier to be killed in combat.[111]
  • 12 September: Second lieutenant Emily Perez is killed in Iraq. She was the Command Sergeant Major in the history of the United States Military Academy at West Point. She was the first female graduate of West Point to die in Iraq.[110]
  • October: MG Gale Pollock, RN, CRNA, BSN, became acting Surgeon General of the United States Army for nine months following 20 March 2007 retirement of her predecessor, Kevin C. Kiley, due to fallout from the Walter Reed Army Medical Center neglect scandal.[112] She is the first woman and the first non-physician to hold the position.[113] During her tenure, she received criticism in a brewing scandal involving personality disorder discharges from the military.[114]
  • December: The number of American servicewomen killed in Iraq and Afghanistan reaches 70, more than the total from the Korean War, the Vietnam War, and Operation Desert Storm. The 70 women represent less than two percent of the American deaths in Iraq and Afghanistan.[115]
  • December: Margaret D. Klein, USN, becomes the first female Commandant of Midshipmen at the United States Naval Academy.[116]
  • 6 December: Maj Megan McClung, USMC, became the first female Marine officer to die in Iraq.[117] Her death also made her the first female graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy to be killed in the line of duty.[118]
  • 12 December: Major Gloria D. Davis, United States Army, was found dead from a gunshot wound, one day after allegedly confessing to financial improprieties. Her death was ruled a suicide, however, this is disputed.[119][120][121][122] The gunshot wound to her head was in her left temple, but she was right-handed.[119]
  • The U.S. Coast Guard appoints the first female Vice Commandant of the Coast Guard, making her the first woman in history to serve as a deputy service chief in any of the U.S. Armed Forces.[1]
  • Judith Keene became the first female commandant of cadets at the United States Coast Guard Academy. During her tenure, she had to deal with a court martial in which cadets testified that sexual assault issues at the academy were not taken seriously.[123][124]
  • The U.S. Marine Corps assigns the first female Marine in history to command a recruit depot.[1]
  • CWO3 Mary Ward became the first female warrant boatswain to command a U.S. Coast Guard station when she took command of Station Port Canaveral in 2006, where she served until her retirement on 16 June 2006.[3]
  • CWO2 Apple G. Pryor, assigned as the main propulsion assistant on board the CGC Boutwell, was the first African-American female naval engineering chief warrant officer of the U.S. Coast Guard.[3]
  • LT Isabel Papp was the first female medical officer to be assigned to a PSU in the U.S. Coast Guard. She was also the first Hispanic female MD to be assigned to a PSU and was also the first Hispanic female Physician's Assistant in the Coast Guard Reserve.[3]
  • LT Rachel Lewis was the first African-American female officer in the U.S. Coast Guard to serve aboard USCGB Eagle as command cadre (operations officer), 2006–2008.[3]
  • Chief of Naval Operations-directed Command Master Chief (SW/AW) FLTCM Jacqueline DiRosa assumed duties as fleet master chief, U.S. Fleet Forces Command, on 17 July 2006, making her the first U.S. woman to hold the office of a fleet-level master chief.[5][125]
  • CAPT Cindy Talbert became the first female LDO to obtain the rank of captain in the U.S. Navy.[5]
  • HTCS(SW)Tanya DelPriore became the first female selected as a command senior chief in the U.S. Navy.[5]
  • CMDCM April Beldo became the first female command master chief of Recruit Training Command, Great Lakes, in the U.S. Navy.[5]
  • MC1 Jackey Bratt became the first female combat photographer to be awarded the Bronze Star in the U.S. Navy.[5]
  • CDR Lenora C. Langlais became the first African American U.S. Navy Nurse Corps officer to receive a Purple Heart in combat, during Operation Iraqi Freedom.[citation needed]
  • Maritza Sáenz Ryan became the first woman and first Hispanic (Puerto Rican and Spanish heritage) West Point graduate to serve as an academic department head at West Point. In 2006, after accepting the presidential nomination and being confirmed by Congress, Sáenz Ryan was named head of the Department of Law at West Point. She replaced former head Finnegan, who left to become the academy’s Dean of the Academic Board.[citation needed]
  • Sue C. Payton became United States Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Acquisition).[126]


  • February: Kimberly Rivera, formerly United States Army, went AWOL and fled to Canada.[127] She was the first female U.S. military deserter to flee to Canada.[128]
  • Spring: Spc Sorimar Perez and Spc Amanda Landers become the first women in the history of the United States military to become Avenger crewmembers. The positions were restricted to males until October 2006.[129]
  • April: Monica Lin Brown, Specialist in the United States Army stationed in Afghanistan, saves the lives of her fellow soldiers by running through gunfire and using her body as a shield while mortars fell nearby. She earned a Silver Star medal for her actions.[130][131]
  • 10 July: Captain María Inés Ortiz, U.S. Army, becomes the first Puerto Rican nurse to die in combat and first Army nurse to die in combat since the Vietnam War.[132]
  • 21 September: Lori J. Robinson became the first Air Battle Manager and first woman 552nd ACW commander to be frocked to brigadier general while stationed at Tinker AFB, Oklahoma.[133]
  • 25 September: AMT2 Katrina Cooley became the first African-American female HH-65 Flight Mechanic in the U.S. Coast Guard.[3]
  • 28 September: Ciara Durkin, a member of the Massachusetts National Guard, while deployed in Afghanistan. Her death is ruled a suicide but her family disputes this.[134] Her death is ruled a suicide, but her family disputed this.[135] She was a lesbian and the first known LGBT soldier to die in Iraq or Afghanistan.[136]
  • December: RADM Elizabeth Hight, USN, became Vice Director of the Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA).[137]
  • Sara A. Joyner became the first woman in the U.S. Navy to assume command of an operational fighter squadron.[138]
  • HTCS(SW) Tanya DelPriore became the first woman in the U.S. Navy to be awarded the Expeditionary Warfare Pin.[5]
  • CMDCM Evelyn Banks became the first female Command Master Chief of the U.S. Naval Academy.[5]
  • NCCS(SW/AW) Cynthia Patterson became the first female Command Senior Chief of a Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) in the U.S. Navy – USS INDEPENDENCE, LCS 2 BLUE.[5]
  • CMDCM Laura Martinez became the first African American female Force Master Chief of Bureau of Medicine and Surgery (BUMED) in the U.S. Navy.[5]
  • Lana Hicks was the first African American woman selected to the ranks of CWO5 in the U.S. Navy.[5]
  • Mary Cunningham became the first African-American female and the first active-duty female in the U.S. Coast Guard to make Chief Damage Controlman when she was promoted from DC1 to DCC on 1 August 2007.[3]
  • Martha E. Utley became the first female master chief for the Health Services rating in the U.S. Coast Guard.[3]
  • The first woman in US Naval history took command of a fighter squadron.[1]
  • U.S. Spec. Jamiell Goforth became the first female soldier to win the Forces Command Soldier of the Year competition.[139]
  • The Service Women's Action Network was established in 2007 to provide U.S. female veterans with resources and community support to help them heal their wounds and readjust to civilian society. SWAN has since become a 501(c)3 human rights organization providing national policy advocacy and direct services to U.S. servicewomen and female veterans.[140]
  • LCDR Louvenia A. McMillan became the U.S. Coast Guard's first African-American woman to hold the Advanced Boat Force Operations Insignia.[3]
  • Tracy L. Garrett was promoted to Brigadier General, and subsequently served as the first female Inspector General of the Marine Corps.[141][142]



  • January: Kim Rivera, the first female soldier to flee the U.S. military for Canada, is deported back to the United States after losing her appeal in Canadian court.[158]
  • 20 February: Lt. Col. Brenda Cartier becomes the first female flying squadron commander in the United States Air Force Special Operations Command.[159]
  • 15 April: "The Lonely Soldier: The Private War of Women Serving in Iraq" is published. It consists of forty interviews of female veterans discussing their experiences of rape, sexual assault, and sexual harassment by their male counterparts.[151]
  • 20 November: Lee Price became the first female program executive officer in the United States Army.[160]
  • September: The United States Army makes Command Sgt. Maj. Teresa King the first woman to oversee drill sergeant training in its 235-year history.[161]
  • October: Eleanor Valentin became the first female flag officer to serve as director of the United States Navy Medical Service Corps.[162][163]
  • 24 November: Jene Newsome is outed as a lesbian by Rapid City Police Department after they saw an Iowa marriage license on her kitchen table. She was honorably discharged under Don't Ask, Don't Tell. This raised controversy about the policy.[164]
  • CMDCM(AW/SW) JoAnn Ortloff became the first female Operational (numbered) Fleet Command Master Chief in the U.S. Navy, when assigned to COMTHIRDFLT.[5]
  • LT Felicia Thomas took command of the CGC Pea Island on 19 June 2009. She is the first African-American female commanding officer of a U.S. Coast Guard cutter.[3]
  • LT Carrie Wolfe and LT Olivia Grant became the first African-American female Engineering Officers on a "major" cutter in the U.S. Coast Guard when they reported aboard the CGC Spencer and CGC Venturous respectively in the summer of 2009.[3]
  • CAPT Sandra L. Stosz was promoted to RADM, becoming the first female graduate of the Coast Guard Academy to reach flag rank.[3]
  • First Lt. Roslyn L. Schulte became the first female U.S. Air Force Academy graduate to be killed by enemy forces in Afghanistan or Iraq. She died near Kabul, Afghanistan, of wounds suffered in a roadside bomb attack.[165]
  • Colonel Maria T. Zumwalt became the first female army officer to command an infantry brigade during combat operations. As the senior battalion commander in the brigade, she was placed on orders by the First Cavalry Division Commander Major General Daniel P. Bolger, in command of the 1st Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division (Iraq) during a long absence of the brigade commander.[citation needed]
  • Statistics from the U.S. Defense Department state that one in 10 U.S. soldiers in Iraq and Afghanistan are female, and more women have fought and died in the Iraq war than any since World War II.[151]


  • 14 January - BG Colleen L. McGuire assumed command as the commanding general of the United States Army Criminal Investigation Command and the 13th Provost Marshal General, the first woman to hold either position.[166]
  • 23 January - Captain Holly Graf, USN, was relieved of command of USS Cowpens by Rear Admiral Kevin Donegan, commander of Carrier Strike Group Five, as non-judicial punishment stemming from an admiral's mast. The punishment followed an investigation which verified allegations of cruelty and maltreatment of her crew, and conduct unbecoming an officer.[167][168][169]
  • February - The Secretary of Defense signed a letter notifying Congress that the U.S. Submarine Forces were being opened to women.[5]
  • March - The DoD announced that RADM Carol M. Pottenger was nominated for appointment to the rank of VADM and an assignment as Deputy Chief of Staff for Capability Development, Supreme Allied Command Transformation, in Norfolk, VA. She is the first female SWO 3-star Admiral in the U.S. Navy.[5]
  • 5 March - Jackalyne Pfannenstiel became Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Installations and Environment).[170]
  • 9 April - LTJG La'Shanda Holmes became the first African-American female helicopter pilot in the U.S. Coast Guard.[3]
  • 29 April - The Department of the Navy announced authorization of a policy change allowing women to begin serving onboard U.S. Navy submarines.[171][172] The new policy and plan is set to begin with the integration of female Officers. A group of up to 24 female Officers (three Officers on each of eight different crews)[172] are scheduled to enter the standard nuclear submarine training pipeline in July 2010[173] and expected to report to submarine duty by late 2011 or early 2012.[172] Integration of enlisted females into submarine crews is expected to begin soon thereafter.[173][174]
  • June - Engineman 1st Class (SW) Isa Grace became the first enlisted woman in the U.S. Navy to qualify as Engineering Officer of the Watch (EOOW) aboard the USS Mesa Verde (LPD 19).[5]
  • 1 June - Martha E. Utley became the first woman to serve as Command Master Chief for the U.S. Coast Guard HSWL service center.[3]
  • July - The United States Department of Veterans Affairs increases its gender-specific services by 21 percent.[175]
  • 29 July - Nora W. Tyson began serving as the commander of Carrier Strike Group Two (CCSG2). Tyson was the first female commander of a U.S. Navy Carrier Strike Group.[176]
  • 14 October - Command Sgt. Maj. Donna A. Brock, United States Army, retired. At the time of her retirement, she held the distinction of being the Army’s longest serving enlisted female Soldier still on active duty.[177]
  • Ifong Lee became the first Samoan CWO2 in the U.S. Coast Guard.[3]
  • CWO2 Rosie McNeill became the first female ISS warrant officer in the U.S. Coast Guard.[3]
  • Rear Adm. Margaret Kibben became the first female chaplain of the U.S. Marine Corps.[178]
  • Ali Thompson becomes the first female U.S. Marine pilot to command a squadron. Lt. Col. Ali Thompson, a CH-53E pilot, took command of HMH-464 on board MCAS New River, NC, relieving Lt Col Richard Rush.[179]
  • U.S. Navy Rear Adm. Nora Tyson became the first woman to command a carrier strike group.[180]
  • For the first time, all four of the U.S. Navy's sailors of the year are women. They are: Pacific Fleet Sailor of the Year – Operations Specialist 1st Class (SW) Samira McBride, assigned to the destroyer Lassen; Fleet Forces Sailor of the Year – Hospital Corpsman 1st Class (SW/AW) Ingrid J. Cortez, amphibious assault ship Bataan; Reserve Sailor of the Year – HM1 Shalanda Brewer, Navy Expeditionary Medical Unit 10; CNO Shore Sailor of the Year – Cryptologic Technician (Technical) 1st Class (SW) Cassandra Foote, Center for Information Dominance Learning Site, Pensacola, Fla.[181]
  • In 2010 Sgt. Sherri Gallagher became the first woman to win the title of Soldier of the Year at the Best Warrior Competition.[182]
  • Native American Women Warriors (NAWW), America's first all-female, all-Native American color guard, was founded in 2010.[183]
  • Candice Griffith became the first woman officer from Montana to lead soldiers into Afghanistan.[184]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Women In Military Service For America Memorial". Womensmemorial.org. 27 July 1950. Archived from the original on 22 June 2013. 
  2. ^ "Capt. Kathleen McGrath, 50, Pioneering Warship Commander". The New York Times. 2002-10-01. p. B8. Retrieved 2009-04-13. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj "Women's History Chronology". United States Coast Guard. 
  4. ^ "Navy Remembers Fleet's First Female Handler". Military.com. 1 July 2000. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa "History & Firsts". United States Navy. Archived from the original on 10 October 2014. 
  6. ^ "Asian and Pacific Islander Americans -2000-Present". Archived from the original on 15 October 2014. 
  7. ^ "APA Women's Wall of Fame Women's History Month Edition". IMdiversity.com. Retrieved 16 June 2008. 
  8. ^ Steve Hendrix (11 September 2011). "F-16 pilot was ready to give her life on Sept. 11". The Washington Post. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Public Affairs – Home". Usma.edu. 
  10. ^ Walker, Nicole (14 April 2003). "Vernice Armour, 1st black female combat pilot, serves in Persian Gulf as family copes". Jet. Retrieved 6 October 2007. 
  11. ^ "Biography – Vernice Armour". Retrieved 6 October 2007. 
  12. ^ Brian Beutler (2008-06-26). "Avoiding Torture's Taint". Mother Jones magazine. Archived from the original on 6 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-26. 
  13. ^ Michael E. Dunlavey (2002-10-11). "Counter resistance strategies". JTF-170. p. page 1. Archived from the original on 6 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-27. 
  14. ^ Diane E. Beaver (2002-10-11). "Legal Review of Aggressive Interrogation Techniques" (PDF). JTF-170. p. page 2. Retrieved 2008-06-27.  mirror
  15. ^ Diane E. Beaver (2002-10-11). "Request for approval of Counter-Resistance Strategies" (PDF). JTF-170. pp. pages 3–12. Retrieved 2008-06-27.  mirror
  16. ^ Dunlavey Memo, 11 October 2002
  17. ^ a b Davis, Beth (29 October 2002). "Navy region gets 1st female commander". Jacksonville Business Journal. Retrieved 2008-04-16. 
  18. ^ "Hispanic-Americans & The U.S. Coast Guard". U.S. Department of Homeland Security: United States Coast Guard. Archived from the original on 5 August 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2010. 
  19. ^ a b "Women Marines Association". Womenmarines.org. 
  20. ^ "Alabama National Guard's first female general officer, Major Gen. Sheryl Gordon, set to retire". AL.com. Retrieved 14 March 2015. 
  21. ^ "Report to SECAF, Air Force Inspector General Summary Report Concerning the Handling of Sexual Assault Cases at the United States Air Force Academy" (PDF). 14 September 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 February 2009. Retrieved 16 June 2008. 
  22. ^ "Hearing on Tillman, Lynch Incidents: Jessica Lynch's Opening". YouTube. 24 April 2007. Retrieved 5 May 2007. 
  23. ^ Kampfner, John (15 May 2003). "The truth about Jessica". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 5 May 2007. 
  24. ^ "Pentagon plans propaganda war". BBC News. 20 February 2002. Retrieved 5 May 2007. 
  25. ^ "Rumsfeld's Roadmap to Propaganda". National Security Archive. 26 January 2006. Retrieved 5 May 2007. 
  26. ^ "U.S. Psychological Operations: Military Uses Networks to Spread Misinformation". Democracy Now. 12 February 2004. Retrieved 5 May 2007. 
  27. ^ "Then & Now: Shoshana Johnson". CNN. 19 June 2005. Retrieved 8 June 2008. 
  28. ^ Legon, Jeordan. "Mom, soldier and Hopi Indian: 'She fought and died valiantly'". CNN. Retrieved 7 June 2008. 
  29. ^ Davidson, Osha Gray (3 June 2004). "The Forgotten Soldier, The unsung heroine of the Jessica Lynch ambush in Iraq". Retrieved 7 June 2008. 
  30. ^ "Ariz. Mountain Renamed After Slain Soldier, Army Spc. Lori Piestewa Was First American Indian Woman Killed Serving In U.S. Military". CBS News. Associated Press. 11 April 2008. Retrieved 7 June 2008. 
  31. ^ General Richard Myers speech
  32. ^ "Smithsonian article". Nasm.si.edu. 
  33. ^ "On opposite poles: two Mormons on torture". Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
  34. ^ Griffith, Frank. "Puerto Rican soldier killed in Chinook helicopter downing buried with full military honors" "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 March 2007. Retrieved 2014-08-25. . Associated Press, 10 November 2003.
  35. ^ "Iraq War veteran honored for bridging civil-military divide". Sentinel-Tribune. Retrieved 27 December 2014. 
  36. ^ Rumsfeld Memo to the Pentagon Counsel, 15 January 2003
  37. ^ Memo From the Pentagon Counsel to the General Counsel for the Air Force, 17 January 2003
  38. ^ "Mary Walker Profile, CTA". Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  39. ^ From History Commons,
  40. ^ Dana Priest and R. Jeffrey Smith, "Memo Offered Justification for Use of Torture", Washington Post, 8 June 2004. A copy of the report is available here [1].
  41. ^ Report of the Pentagon Working Group, 4 April 2003
  42. ^ "MCLB's first female brown belt instructor certified". Marines.mil. 19 June 2003. 
  43. ^ Dan Petty (4 September 2008). "Leadership Biographies". United States Navy. 
  44. ^ Patricia Blanton (1 November 2006). "Women in Dentistry: Negotiating the Move to Leadership". Jdentaled.org. 
  45. ^ "Reform Judaism Magazine – This Rabbi Wears Combat Boots". Reformjudaismmag.org. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. 
  46. ^ "First Female Rabbi in the United States Air Force, Chaplain, Captain Sarah D. Schechter, to Keynote at Forest Lawn-Cypress' 41st Annual Memorial Day Celebration". Business Wire. 23 May 2005. 
  47. ^ a b "Air Force News | News from Afghanistan & Iraq". Air Force Times. 24 September 2004. Archived from the original on 17 January 2013. 
  48. ^ Editorial: 11 September brought a 'new normal': Status quo has been upended. The Beaufort Gazette, S.C. wire feed distributed by Knight Ridder Tribune Business News. Washington: 10 September 2006. pg. 1
  49. ^ *Jim Duplessis (12 September 2006). "Couple felt 'connection' in visit to ground zero". The State. Retrieved 20 December 2006. . Wire feed distributed by Knight Ridder Tribune Business News.
  50. ^ "Capt. Kimberly Hampton". Write from the Front. Retrieved 20 December 2006. 
  51. ^ Master Sgt. Bob Haskell (18 April 2004). "National Guard's First Female KIA". Army News Service, for About.com. Retrieved 18 June 2008. 
  52. ^ J.R. Ross (28 April 2004). "Soldiers who lost sister in Iraq opt against return to war zone". U-T San Diego. 
  53. ^ We are Marines!. Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  54. ^ Jones, LCPL Skye (13 August 2004). "First female in field gets promoted to master guns". Marine Corps News. United States Marine Corps. Story ID#: 2004813103824. Retrieved 2007-12-28. [dead link]
  55. ^ Special Defense Department Briefing on Results of Investigation of Military Intelligence Activities at Abu Ghraib Prison Facility, Department of Defense, 25 August 2004
  56. ^ Carol Ann Alaimo (31 July 2005). "Despite critics, Huachuca's leader focuses on future". Arizona Daily Star. Archived from the original on 18 February 2006. Retrieved 4 September 2007. 
  57. ^ Williams, Rudy (27 September 2005). "AF General: Awareness Key to Improved Diversity". American Forces Press Service. Retrieved 18 June 2008. 
  58. ^ "Brigadier General Dana H. Born". Air Force Link. March 2008. Archived from the original on 13 June 2008. Retrieved 18 June 2008. 
  59. ^ Abu Ghraib Court Martial, Ambuhl
  60. ^ "Iraq prisoner abuse 'encouraged'". BBC News. 13 January 2005. 
  61. ^ *‘The pedals were gone, and so were my legs’ 14 June 2005 Stars and Stripes
  62. ^ Camire, Dennis (18 March 2005). "Franklin G. Duckworth, Captain, United States Army". Unofficial Arlington National Cemetery Website. Retrieved 20 October 2006. 
  63. ^ Otoole, Molly (14 May 2012). "Unseen: Trailblazing Military Women Forced To Fight For Recognition, Equal Treatment". The Huffington Post. 
  64. ^ "Two former soldiers cleared of Iraq misconduct". USA Today. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  65. ^ "Get Women in the Picture!". Time. 11 April 2012. 
  66. ^ Likely nominee chided for Abu Ghraib comment, Josh Kraushaar, Politico, 30 October 2007
  67. ^ "Soldiers Didn't Know Geneva Rules". military.com. 
  68. ^ Lack of training, stress are blamed in abuse of Iraqis, Tom Bowman, The Baltimore Sun, 30 April 2004
  69. ^ Stein, Ann. "Stories of Inspiration: Melissa – Amputee, First woman soldier to lose limb in Iraq discovers new life after injury". CMS.carepages.com. Retrieved 3 June 2008. 
  70. ^ Nothing Short of Criminal, Sarah Manski, Liberty Tree Journal, Volume 2, Issue 3, page 6.
  71. ^ "Founders". Iraq Veterans Against the War. 11 September 2001. 
  72. ^ "JTA - Jewish & Israel News". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 30 November 1999. [dead link]
  73. ^ "After activism, female rabbi is first in Navy". The Daily Free Press. 2007-10-05. Retrieved 2013-09-08. 
  74. ^ Motion for Leave to take Discovery and for Preservation Order (.pdf), Department of Justice
  75. ^ https://www.deomi.org/PublicAffairs/documents/10-06-13_DEOMI_Welcomes_its_First_Senior_Executive_Service_Director.pdf
  76. ^ Hispanic Link Weekly Report, p.105 Hispanic Link News Service Incorporated, 2005
  77. ^ Holley, Joe (20 August 2006). "Kathryn Frost; Was Highest-Ranking Woman in Army". The Washington Post. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  78. ^ "Maj. Gen. Kathryn G. Frost, 57, of the Army, Dies". The New York Times. 19 August 2006. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  79. ^ "Demotion for Abu Ghraib commander". BBC News. 6 May 2005. Retrieved 19 June 2008. 
  80. ^ Hood, Fort (3 May 2005). "Private England pleads guilty to abuse". Melbourne: TheAge.co.au, Reuters. Retrieved 19 June 2008. 
  81. ^ "Harman Convicted of Abu Ghraib Abuse". Fox News Channel. 16 May 2008. Retrieved 3 July 2008. 
  82. ^ "Faces of the Fallen". The Washington Post. Retrieved 21 May 2012. 
  83. ^ "Women In Military Service For America Memorial". Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  84. ^ Tucker, Neely (19 October 2005). "A Web of Truth: Whistle-Blower or Troublemaker, Bunny Greenhouse Isn't Backing Down". The Washington Post. 
  85. ^ Stein, Ginny (29 May 2009). "Dark Secrets". SBS Datellne Program. Special Broadcasting Service. Retrieved 2009-05-24. 
  86. ^ a b Jordan, Sandra (17 June 2008). "Who killed Private First Class LaVena L. Johnson?". New Pittsburgh Courier. 
  87. ^ a b "Documents and photos suggest foul play in death of Private Johnson" by Sandra Jordan, The St. Louis American (4 June 2008).
  88. ^ Barnett, Tracey (25 June 2008). "Tracey Barnett: Women GIs in fear of the enemy in their army". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 14 October 2011. 
  89. ^ "The tragic story of LaVena Johnson" by Kate Harding, Salon. 27 June 2008.
  90. ^ "House panel reviewing death of area soldier" by Elizabethe Holland. The St. Louis Post-Dispatch. 4 June 2008.
  91. ^ Jamala Rogers (18 November 2010). "The truth about LaVena Johnson". The St Louis American. Retrieved 17 December 2012. 
  92. ^ Phillip O'Connor (8 July 2011). "Students to seek clues into death of Florissant soldier". The St Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  93. ^ a b "No Prison for Soldier Guilty of Detainee Abuse". Fox News Channel. 17 August 2005. Retrieved 26 February 2008. 
  94. ^ a b "Soldier jailed for abusing Afghan". The Age. Melbourne, Australia. 24 August 2005. Retrieved 26 February 2008. 
  95. ^ Tim Golden (20 May 2005). "In U.S. Report, Brutal Details of 2 Afghan Inmates' Deaths". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 February 2008. 
  96. ^ Tim Golden (8 August 2005). "Abuse Cases Open Command Issues at Army Prison". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 February 2008. Sergeant Salcedo, 24, said she became frustrated with Mr. Dilawar when he refused to look at her during an interrogation, a problem she said she faced as a woman dealing with Afghan and Arab detainees. She admitted kicking Mr. Dilawar in the knees and thighs, grabbing him by the ears when he looked away, and pulling him up repeatedly when he was unable to hold "stress positions" against a wall because of his injuries. 
  97. ^ "Faces of the Fallen: U.S. service members who died in Operation Iraqi Freedom, Airman 1st Class Elizabeth N. Jacobson". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 29 May 2008. Retrieved 5 July 2008. 
  98. ^ Air Force Link (30 September 2005). "Airman killed in Iraq". Archived from the original on 16 July 2012. Retrieved 5 July 2008. 
  99. ^ "Harvard Business School Bulletin, March 2006". Harvard. March 2006. Retrieved 19 June 2008. 
  100. ^ "General dean". AJC.com. Retrieved 27 December 2014. 
  101. ^ Williams, Rudi (12 November 2005). "Command Sergeant Major Praises Women's Service". United States Department of Defense. American Forces Press Service. Archived from the original on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 20 February 2010. 
  102. ^ "50 Heroes for 50 States – U.S. Department of Defense Update". United States Department of Defense. Retrieved 30 December 2006. 
  103. ^ Sergeant Sara Wood. "SGT Leigh Ann Hester". Department of Defense. Retrieved 12 July 2007. 
  104. ^ Statement Of Dr. William F. Schulz Executive Director Amnesty International USA 25 May 2005
  105. ^ "Keep your airspeed up, Malachowski". Talkingproud.us. 21 November 2007 [23 June 2005]. Archived from the original on 2 April 2007. 
  106. ^ Sara Wood. "First woman Thunderbird pilot proud to serve". Department of Defense. Retrieved 12 July 2007. [dead link]
  107. ^ "DVIDS - News - A flying look into women's history". DVIDS. Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  108. ^ http://www.benning.army.mil/library/content/Virtual/Bayonet/BAYONET_MAY-JUL%202006.pdf
  109. ^ "Vice Admiral Nancy Elizabeth Brown USN". Biographies. United States Navy. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  110. ^ a b "West Point Mourns a Font Of Energy, Laid to Rest by War". The Washington Post. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  111. ^ Schwab, Matt. "A Citizen Soldier: At 52, Meredith Howard was the oldest known American female killed in combat". Code3magazine.com. Retrieved 19 June 2008. 
  112. ^ "The United States Army - Page not found". 
  113. ^ "Surgeon General Of Army Steps Down". The Washington Post. Retrieved 14 March 2015. 
  114. ^ "Joshua Kors on how the U.S. Army "cheats" some veterans out of their benefits . - NOW on the News". PBS. Retrieved 14 March 2015. 
  115. ^ "Death toll of female troops "troubling"". Pak Tribune. 29 December 2006. Retrieved 19 June 2008. 
  116. ^ Mitchell, Josh (5 June 2008). "Female Navy pioneer Klein moves on". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 1 June 2008. [dead link]
  117. ^ "Megan Malia Leilani McClung Major, United States Marine Corps "Be Bold – Be Brief – Be Gone"". Arlingtoncemetery.net. 11 December 2006. Retrieved 19 June 2008. 
  118. ^ Spiker, Scott. "Honoring the Fallen". Journey. First Command Financial Services. 
  119. ^ a b Colonel Ann Wright. "U.S. Military Keeping Secrets About Female Soldiers' 'Suicides'?". Archived from the original on 2009-09-13. 
  120. ^ Eric Schmitt (2007-08-31). "U.S. Says Company Bribed Officers for Work in Iraq". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2009-09-13. 
  121. ^ "Maj. Gloria D. Davis". Pennlive.com. Retrieved 2013-11-29. 
  122. ^ "U.S. Says Company Bribed Officers for Work in Iraq". The New York Times. 31 August 2007. 
  123. ^ Jesse Hamilton & David Funkhouser (24 July 2006). "New Commandant of Cadets Will Emphasize Coast Guard Academy's Core Values". Hartford Courant. Retrieved 7 December 2010. 
  124. ^ "Coast Guard Academy Vows to Fight Attacks". Military.com. Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  125. ^ Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class (SW/AW) Elizabeth Enockson, Public Affairs Center Atlantic (20 July 2006). "New Fleet Master Chief Takes CFFC Helm". United States Navy. 
  126. ^ Bio from the Air Force
  127. ^ "U.S. war deserter may appeal Canada deportation". CBC News. Associated Press. 31 August 2012. Archived from the original on 1 September 2012. Retrieved 1 September 2012. 
  128. ^ "Canada says first US woman military deserter must be deported". WLS. 31 August 2012. Archived from the original on 1 September 2012. Retrieved 1 September 2012. 
  129. ^ Staff Sgt. C.G. Maldonado (30 March 2007). "Female Soldiers Make History as Avenger Crewmembers". Defenselink.mil, Florida National Guard Public Affairs. Retrieved 19 June 2008. 
  130. ^ Abrashi, Fisnik (9 March 2008). "Medic Stationed in Afghanistan Becomes 2nd Woman to Be Awarded Silver Star". Fox News Channel. Associated Press. 
  131. ^ Clare, SPC Micah. "2nd Woman Since WWII Gets Silver Star". United States Army. Retrieved 22 March 2008. 
  132. ^ Michael Robert Patterson. "Arlington National Cemetery". Arlingtoncemetery.net. 
  133. ^ 2nd Lt. Tinder Blacke (27 September 2007). "Shining Star: First woman 552nd ACW commander frocked to brigadier general". Air Force Print News Today. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  134. ^ Bierman, Noah (2 October 2007). "Mystery surrounds death of soldier: Quincy woman is called a noncombat casualty". Boston Globe. 
  135. ^ Jorgensen, Jillian (25 June 2008). "Army rules soldier from Mass. killed self". Boston Globe. 
  136. ^ "Slain Lesbian Soldier Ciara Durkin Remembered". Advocate.com. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  137. ^ "Rear Admiral Elizabeth A Hight USN". Biographies. United States Navy. Retrieved 2009-02-22. 
  138. ^ "Navy captain first woman to head a carrier air wing". dailypress.com. 2013-01-02. Retrieved 2013-09-08. 
  139. ^ "First Female Soldier to Win FORSCOM Soldier of the Year Is Combat Medic". The United States Army. 
  140. ^ "Background". Service Women's Action Network. 
  141. ^ "Tracy L. Garrett". IES Abroad. Retrieved November 1, 2017. 
  142. ^ "Tracy L. Garrett USMCR9 (Retd.)". Bloomberg. Retrieved November 1, 2017. 
  143. ^ "First Iraq war veteran chosen for Paralympics Melissa Stockwell, who lost leg to roadside bomb, makes U.S. swim team". Associated Press. 6 April 2008. Retrieved 3 June 2008. 
  144. ^ "Ariz. Mountain Renamed After Slain Soldier, Army Spc. Lori Piestewa Was First American Indian Woman Killed Serving In U.S. Military". CBS News. 11 April 2008. Retrieved 7 June 2008. 
  145. ^ Keitt, Sarah. M.P.H. (23 February 2009). "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and the Female Soldier". infozine.com. Retrieved 23 February 2009. 
  146. ^ "Army general is nation's first four-star woman". CNN. 14 November 2008. Retrieved 15 November 2008. 
  147. ^ "Nominations Before The Senate Armed Services Committee, Second Session, 109th Congress". U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved 27 December 2014. 
  148. ^ "Biographical Summary: Nancy J. Paul, Lieutenant Colonel, USAF". United States Air Force. p. 7. Archived from the original on 25 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-30. 
  149. ^ a b "Lawyer gains access to Gitmo's secret 'Camp 7'". USA Today. 2008-10-28. Retrieved 2010-01-16. 
  150. ^ Carol Rosenberg (2008-11-18). "Navy lawyers inspect secret prison camp". The Miami Herald. Archived from the original on 19 November 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-19. 
  151. ^ a b c Kearney, Christine (16 April 2009). "Female U.S. soldiers in combat zones fear males counterparts: Book". Reuters. Retrieved 6 May 2009. [dead link]
  152. ^ "USAFs first female African-American fighter pilot". Retrieved 14 March 2015. 
  153. ^ "First Filipina, first OFW's son graduate from West Point". Abs-cbnnews.com. 
  154. ^ Sean Proctor. "Female Engagement Team is a first for Michigan National Guard". MLive.com. 
  155. ^ "West Point adopts gender-neutral song lyrics". Army Times. Retrieved 14 March 2015. 
  156. ^ "Oklahoma Guardsman first female soldier deployed to combat zone after losing limb". Norman Transcript. Retrieved 4 November 2014. 
  157. ^ "Inspired Guardsman Competes in Warrior Games". U.S. Department of Defense. Retrieved 4 November 2014. 
  158. ^ "U.S. soldier to be deported from Canada". USA Today. 27 January 2009. Retrieved 9 February 2009. 
  159. ^ Johnson, Lauren. (1st Lt), 1st Special Operations Wing Public Affairs (23 February 2009). "AFSOC welcomes first female flying squadron commander". Hurlburt Field. Retrieved 23 February 2009. 
  160. ^ Josh Davidson (24 November 2009). "Army's first female program executive officer begins tenure". The United States Army. Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  161. ^ "Army Names First Female Top Drill Sergeant". That's fit. 25 September 2009. Retrieved 24 May 2011. 
  162. ^ "First female flag officer to serve as director of the United States Navy Medical Service Corps: Black Engineer & Black Entrepreneur". Blackengineer.com. Retrieved 2013-09-08. 
  163. ^ "Rear Admiral Eleanor V. Valentin". United States Navy. 
  164. ^ Ross, Timberly (13 March 2010). "Jene Newsome Discharged: Rapid City Police Told Air Force That Sergeant Was Lesbian". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 1 June 2010. 
  165. ^ "Suicide cyclist kills 2 in Afghan capital". CNN. 30 November 2008. 
  166. ^ Jeffrey Castro; USACIDC Public Affairs (15 January 2010). "First woman becomes Army provost marshal general". The United States Army. Retrieved 27 December 2014. 
  167. ^ Thompson, Mark (3 March 2010). "The Rise and Fall of a Female Captain Bligh". Time. Retrieved 18 March 2010. 
  168. ^ Ewing, Philip (8 March 2010). "Skipper fired for 'cruelty' assigned to Dahlgren". Navy Times. Retrieved 5 June 2010. 
  169. ^ Carter, David, J. (16 January 2010). "Admiral relieves Cowpens captain". Stars and Stripes. Retrieved 18 March 2010. 
  170. ^ Nominations Before the Senate Armed Services Committee, First Session, 111th ... - United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Armed Services - Google Books. Retrieved 27 December 2014. 
  171. ^ Commander, Submarine Forces Public Affairs (29 April 2010). "Navy Policy Will Allow Women To Serve Aboard Submarines". United States Navy. Retrieved 31 October 2011. 
  172. ^ a b c Commander, Submarine Group 10 Public Affairs. "Navy Welcomes Women To Serve In Submarines". United States Navy. Retrieved 31 October 2011. 
  173. ^ a b "Integration of Women into the Submarine Force". Archived from the original on 9 May 2010. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  174. ^ Navy Office of Information, "Women on Submarines", Rhumblines, 5 October 2009.
  175. ^ Rein, Lisa (29 July 2010). "VA is stepping up its services for female veterans". The Washington Post. 
  176. ^ Charlier, Tom (1 August 2010). "Memphian becomes first woman to command Naval carrier strike group". The Commercial Appeal, Memphis, Tn. Retrieved 5 October 2010. 
  177. ^ "Active Army's longest serving enlisted female Soldier to retire". New Pittsburgh Courier. 
  178. ^ "First female chaplain of the Marine Corps appointed to share faith, professionalism". Marines.mil. 7 December 2010. 
  179. ^ "womenmilitaryaviators.org". womenmilitaryaviators.org. 2 July 1937. 
  180. ^ Kevin Dougherty. "Women no longer ancillary parts of the armed forces – 3". Stripes. 
  181. ^ "Women sweep top-sailor honors". Navy Times. 
  182. ^ "First female selected as Best Warrior's Soldier of Year". The United States Army. 2010-10-25. Retrieved 2013-09-08. 
  183. ^ "Mitchelene BigMan: Native American woman warrior". KOSU Radio. Retrieved 2013-09-08. 
  184. ^ ANGELA BRANDT for The Montana Standard (21 May 2016). "Making history: Griffith is first female officer from Montana to lead soldiers into Afghanistan". Montana Standard.