Times Mirror Company
|Fate||acquired by Tribune Company|
|Headquarters||Los Angeles, California|
|Products||newspapers, magazines, book publishers|
|Revenue||$3.4 billion (1995)|
|Divisions||Newspaper Publishing, Professional Information, Consumer Media|
The Times Mirror Company was an American newspaper and print media publisher from 1884 until 2000.
It had its roots in the Mirror Printing and Binding House, a commercial printing company founded in 1873, and the Los Angeles Times (originally the Los Angeles Daily Times), which was first published in 1881 and printed by the aforementioned company. The two operations were purchased and combined in 1884 to form the Times Mirror Company.
In 1960, Times Mirror acquired the New American Library (NAL) and later sold it in 1983 to Odyssey Partners, a private investing group, and Ira J. Hechler, a private investor. Times Mirror acquired the World Publishing Company in 1962. By this time, World Publishing was producing 12 million books a year, one of only three American publishers to produce that much volume. In 1974, Times Mirror sold World Publishing to the U.K.-based Collins Publishers.
In 1969, the Times Mirror entered magazine publishing by acquiring Field & Stream, Popular Science, and Outdoor Life; also buying Golf Magazine in 1972. Times Mirror owned the Sporting News from 1977 until 2000, when it was sold to Paul Allen's Vulcan Inc. In 1987 they acquired Field & Stream, Yachting, Home Mechanix, and Skiing.
Times Mirror acquired Richard D. Irwin Inc. from Dow Jones & Company in 1988 to enter the textbook field. Times Mirror acquired Wm. C. Brown Co. in 1992. Times Mirror sold its textbook operations to McGraw-Hill in 1996.
Times Mirror also owned C.V. Mosby Company from 1967–1998, which published medical college textbooks and reference books; Harry N. Abrams — a publisher of art and photography books — from 1966–1997; legal publisher Matthew Bender; and air navigation publisher Jeppesen (from 1961 until Times Mirror was acquired by the Tribune Company). Subsequent acquisitions, like The Baltimore Sun in 1986, expanded the company's portfolio.
Newspapers owned by the Times Mirror Company
|Los Angeles Times||Los Angeles||1884–2000||Acquired by Tribune Company|
|Newsday||Long Island, Westchester||1970–2000||Acquired by Tribune Company|
|Dallas Times Herald||Dallas, Texas||1969–1986||Sold to MediaNews Group|
|The Advocate||Stamford, Connecticut||1977–2000||Acquired by Tribune Company|
|Greenwich Time||Greenwich, Connecticut||1977–2000||Acquired by Tribune Company|
|Hartford Courant||Hartford, Connecticut||1979–2000||Acquired by Tribune Company|
|The Denver Post||Denver, Colorado||1980–1987||Sold to MediaNews Group|
|The Morning Call||Allentown, Pennsylvania||1984–2000||Acquired by Tribune Company|
|The Baltimore Sun||Baltimore, Maryland||1986–2000||Acquired by Tribune Company|
|Fate||Acquired by Argyle Television (sold to New World Communications in 1994)|
(as KTTV, Inc.)
|Products||Broadcast and cable television|
The Times-Mirror Company was a founding owner of television station KTTV in Los Angeles, which opened in January 1949. It became that station's sole owner in 1951, after re-acquiring the minority shares it had sold to CBS in 1948. Times-Mirror also purchased a former motion picture studio, Nassour Studios, in Hollywood in 1950, which was then used to consolidate KTTV's operations. Later to be known as Metromedia Square (then the Fox Television Center), the studio was sold along with KTTV to Metromedia in 1963.
After a seven-year hiatus from the medium, the firm reactivated Times-Mirror Broadcasting Company with its 1970 purchase of the Dallas Times Herald and its radio and television stations, KRLD-AM-FM-TV in Dallas. The Federal Communications Commission granted an exemption of its cross-ownership policy and allowed Times-Mirror to retain the newspaper and the television outlet, which was renamed KDFW-TV.
Times-Mirror Broadcasting later acquired KTBC-TV in Austin, Texas in 1973; and in 1980 purchased a group of stations owned by Newhouse Newspapers: WAPI-TV (now WVTM-TV) in Birmingham, Alabama; KTVI in St. Louis; WSYR-TV (now WSTM-TV) in Syracuse, New York and its satellite station WSYE-TV (now WETM-TV) in Elmira, New York; and WTPA-TV (now WHTM-TV) in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. The company also entered the field of cable television, servicing the Phoenix and San Diego areas, amongst others. They were originally titled Times-Mirror Cable, and were later renamed to Dimension Cable Television. Similarly, they also attempted to enter the pay-TV market, with the Spotlight movie network; it wasn't successful and was quickly shut down. The cable systems were sold in the mid-1990s to Cox Communications.
Times-Mirror also pared its station group down, selling off the Syracuse, Elmira and Harrisburg properties in 1986. The remaining four outlets were packaged to a new upstart holding company, Argyle Television, in 1993. These stations were acquired by New World Communications shortly thereafter and became key components in a sweeping shift of network-station affiliations which occurred between 1994–1995.
|City of license / market||Station||Channel
|Years owned||Current ownership status|
|Birmingham||WVTM-TV||13 (13)||1980–1993||NBC affiliate owned by Hearst Television|
|Los Angeles||KTTV 1||11 (11)||1949–1963||Fox owned-and-operated (O&O)|
|St. Louis||KTVI||2 (43)||1980–1993||Fox affiliate owned by Nexstar Media Group|
|Elmira, New York||WETM-TV||18 (18)||1980–1986||NBC affiliate owned by Nexstar Media Group|
|Syracuse, New York||WSTM-TV||3 (24)||1980–1986||NBC affiliate owned by Sinclair Broadcast Group|
|Harrisburg - Lancaster -
Lebanon - York
|WHTM-TV||27 (10)||1980–1986||ABC affiliate owned by Nexstar Media Group|
|Austin, Texas||KTBC-TV||7 (7)||1973–1993||Fox owned-and-operated (O&O)|
|Dallas - Fort Worth||KDFW-TV 2||4 (35)||1970–1993||Fox owned-and-operated (O&O)|
- 1 Co-owned with CBS until 1951 in a joint venture (51% owned by Times-Mirror, 49% owned by CBS);
- 2 Purchased along with KRLD-AM-FM as part of Times-Mirror's acquisition of the Dallas Times Herald. Times-Mirror sold the radio stations to comply with FCC cross-ownership restrictions.
- "The Times Mirror Company History," Funding Universe. Accessed November 20, 2017.
- "The Times Mirror Company - Lehman Brothers Collection". www.library.hbs.edu. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
- Mcdowell, Edwin (November 8, 1983). "TIMES MIRROR IS SELLING NEW AMERICAN LIBRARY". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 16, 2016.
- UPI. "Ben Zevin Dies at 88; Leader Of World Publishing Company," New York Times (December 29, 1984).
- "WORLD PUBLISHING CO.", The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Accessed March 3, 2017.
- Rosenstiel, Thomas B. (January 5, 1988). "$135-Million Deal for Richard D. Irwin Inc. Times Mirror Will Buy Textbook Firm: [Home Edition]". Los Angeles Times (pre-1997 Fulltext); Los Angeles, Calif. Los Angeles, Calif., United States, Los Angeles, Calif. p. 1. ISSN 0458-3035. ProQuest 292738266.
- "Times Mirror Buys Text Firm: [Home Edition]". Los Angeles Times (pre-1997 Fulltext); Los Angeles, Calif. Los Angeles, Calif., United States, Los Angeles, Calif. September 16, 1992. p. 3. ISSN 0458-3035. ProQuest 281871412.
- Iver Peterson (July 4, 1996). "Times Mirror in Two Deals To Bolster Legal Publisher". The New York Times. Retrieved September 1, 2009.
- GOLDMAN, JOHN J.; BROOKS, NANCY RIVERA (May 29, 1986). "$600-Million Sale: Times Mirror to Purchase Sun Papers in Baltimore". Los Angeles Times. Times Mirror Company. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
- Barringer, Felicity; Holson, Laura M. (March 14, 2000). "MULTIMEDIA DEAL: THE DEAL; Tribune Company Agrees to Buy Times Mirror". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
- Jones, Tim. "Tribune Co. To Merge With Times Mirror," Chicago Tribune (March 13, 2000).
- "Boeing To Acquire Jeppesen Sanderson For $1.5 Billion". Aviation Daily. August 16, 2000. Retrieved November 2, 2019.
- "Time buys magazine unit". CNN Money. October 20, 2000. Retrieved November 2, 2019.
Time Warner publishing division acquires Tribune's group for $475M
- Raymont, Henry (March 13, 1970). "Newsday Employes [sic] Seek to Block Sale of the Paper". The New York Times. Retrieved February 15, 2010.
- Storch, Charles (June 27, 1986). "Times Mirror Selling Dallas Times Herald". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved June 26, 2012.
- "Johnson family sells Austin TV."[permanent dead link] Broadcasting, September 4, 1972, pg. 6.
- "Times Mirror's deal for Newhouse's TVs gets FCC approval."[permanent dead link] Broadcasting, March 31, 1980, pg. 30.
- "Changing hands: Proposed."[permanent dead link] Broadcasting, September 30, 1985, pg. 109.
- "Times Mirror set to sell four TV'." Archived June 9, 2015, at WebCite Broadcasting & Cable, March 22, 1993, pg. 7.