Times Square–42nd Street/Port Authority Bus Terminal (New York City Subway)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Times Square Station" redirects here. For other uses, see Times Square Station (disambiguation).
Times Square–42nd Street/Port Authority Bus Terminal
NYCS-bull-trans-1.svg NYCS-bull-trans-2.svg NYCS-bull-trans-3.svg NYCS-bull-trans-7.svg NYCS-bull-trans-7d.svg NYCS-bull-trans-A.svg NYCS-bull-trans-C.svg NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg NYCS-bull-trans-N.svg NYCS-bull-trans-Q.svg NYCS-bull-trans-R.svg NYCS-bull-trans-S.svg
New York City Subway rapid transit station complex
Times Square-42nd Street Entrance.JPG
Entrance to the station at 42nd Street & 7th Avenue
Station statistics
Address West 42nd Street, Broadway, Seventh, & Eighth Avenues
New York, NY 10036
Borough Manhattan
Locale Times Square, Midtown Manhattan
Coordinates 40°45′21.6″N 73°59′13.2″W / 40.756000°N 73.987000°W / 40.756000; -73.987000Coordinates: 40°45′21.6″N 73°59′13.2″W / 40.756000°N 73.987000°W / 40.756000; -73.987000
Division A (IRT), B (BMT, IND)
Line IRT 42nd Street Shuttle
BMT Broadway Line
IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line
IND Eighth Avenue Line
IRT Flushing Line
Services       1 all times (all times)
      2 all times (all times)
      3 all times (all times)
      7 all times (all times) <7>rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction (rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction)
      A all times (all times)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)
      E all times (all times)
      N all times (all times)
      Q all times (all times)
      R all except late nights (all except late nights)
      S all except late nights (all except late nights)
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: M7, M20, M42, M104, X17J, X22, X30, X31
Bus transport MTA Bus: BxM2
Bus transport Port Authority Bus Terminal
Structure Underground
Levels 5
Other information
Opened June 3, 1917; 99 years ago (1917-06-03)[1]
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access (all lines except 42nd Street Shuttle; passageway between IND platforms and rest of complex is not accessible)
Wireless service Wi-Fi[2]
Traffic
Passengers (2015) 66,359,208 (complex)[3]Increase 0.6%
Rank 1 out of 422

Times Square–42nd Street/Port Authority Bus Terminal is a large New York City Subway station complex located under Times Square and the Port Authority Bus Terminal, at the intersection of 42nd Street, Seventh and Eighth Avenues, and Broadway in Midtown Manhattan. It is the busiest station complex in the system, serving 66,359,208 passengers in 2015.[3]

The complex allows free transfers between the IRT 42nd Street Shuttle, the BMT Broadway Line, the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line and the IRT Flushing Line, with a long transfer to the IND Eighth Avenue Line one block west at 42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal. The complex is served by the:

  • 1, 2, 3, 7, A, E, N, and Q trains at all times
  • C, R, and 42nd Street Shuttle (S) trains at all times except late nights
  • <7> trains during rush hours in the peak direction

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exits / Entrances
B1 Upper Mezzanines Fare control, station agent, NYCS-bull-trans-S.svg platforms (Times Square), shops (Port Authority Bus Terminal)
Handicapped/disabled access (Elevators located:
  • on the SE corner of Seventh Avenue and 42nd Street for NYCS-bull-trans-1.svg NYCS-bull-trans-2.svg NYCS-bull-trans-3.svg NYCS-bull-trans-7.svg NYCS-bull-trans-7d.svg NYCS-bull-trans-N.svg NYCS-bull-trans-Q.svg NYCS-bull-trans-R.svg trains only.
  • inside north wing of bus terminal at Eighth Avenue between 41st Street and 42nd Street, near airport bus ticket office for NYCS-bull-trans-A.svg NYCS-bull-trans-C.svg NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg trains only.
  • inside the InterContinental Hotel at the SW corner of Eighth Avenue at 44th Street, for NYCS-bull-trans-A.svg NYCS-bull-trans-C.svg NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg trains only. There is both an elevator and a lift; the lift can be manually operated by a station agent's assistance.

Note: Passageway between IND platforms and rest of the complex is a steep grade)

Side platform, doors will open on the right
Track 4 NYCS-bull-trans-S.svg toward Grand Central–42nd Street all except nights (Terminus)
Track 3 NYCS-bull-trans-S.svg toward Grand Central–42nd Street all except nights (Terminus)
Side platform, doors will open on the left
Track 1 NYCS-bull-trans-S.svg toward Grand Central–42nd Street all except nights (Terminus)
Side platform, doors will open on the left
B2
Eighth
Avenue
Line
platforms
Southbound local NYCS-bull-trans-C.svg toward Euclid Avenue (NYCS-bull-trans-A.svg toward Far Rockaway late nights) (34th Street–Penn Station (Eighth))
NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg toward World Trade Center (34th Street–Penn Station (Eighth))
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound express NYCS-bull-trans-A.svg toward Lefferts Boulevard or Far Rockaway (all except nights), or Rockaway Park (PM rush) (34th Street–Penn Station (Eighth))
Northbound express NYCS-bull-trans-A.svg toward 207th Street (59th Street–Columbus Circle)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound local NYCS-bull-trans-C.svg toward 168th Street (NYCS-bull-trans-A.svg toward 207th Street late nights) (50th Street (Eighth))
NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg toward Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer (50th Street (Eighth))
B2
Broadway –
Seventh
Avenue
Line
platforms
Southbound local NYCS-bull-trans-1.svg toward South Ferry (NYCS-bull-trans-2.svg toward Brooklyn College late nights) (34th Street–Penn Station (Broadway–Seventh))
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound express NYCS-bull-trans-2.svg toward Brooklyn College (34th Street–Penn Station (Broadway–Seventh))
NYCS-bull-trans-3.svg toward New Lots Avenue (all except nights) (34th Street–Penn Station (Broadway–Seventh))
NYCS-bull-trans-3.svg alighting passengers only (late nights)
Northbound express NYCS-bull-trans-2.svg toward Wakefield–241st Street (72nd Street)
NYCS-bull-trans-3.svg toward Harlem–148th Street (72nd Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound local NYCS-bull-trans-1.svg toward 242nd Street (NYCS-bull-trans-2.svg toward 241st Street late nights) (50th Street (Broadway–Seventh))
B2
Broadway
Line
platforms
Southbound local NYCS-bull-trans-N.svg toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue via Sea Beach (NYCS-bull-trans-Q.svg via Brighton weekdays and nights) (34th Street–Herald Square)
NYCS-bull-trans-R.svg toward Bay Ridge–95th Street (34th Street–Herald Square)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound express NYCS-bull-trans-Q.svg toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue via Brighton (weekends) (34th Street–Herald Square)
Northbound express NYCS-bull-trans-Q.svg toward 57th Street–Seventh Avenue (weekends) (Terminus)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound local NYCS-bull-trans-N.svg (NYCS-bull-trans-Q.svg weekdays) toward Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard (49th Street)
NYCS-bull-trans-R.svg toward Forest Hills–71st Avenue (49th Street)
NYCS-bull-trans-Q.svg toward 57th Street–Seventh Avenue late nights (49th Street)
B3 Lower Mezzanine Passageway up to NYCS-bull-trans-A.svg NYCS-bull-trans-C.svg NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg mezzanine (level B1)
B4 Southbound NYCS-bull-trans-7.svg (NYCS-bull-trans-7d.svg AM rush hours) toward 34th Street–Hudson Yards (Terminus)
Island platform, doors will open on the left Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound NYCS-bull-trans-7.svg (NYCS-bull-trans-7d.svg PM rush hours) toward Flushing–Main Street (Fifth Avenue)

The IRT platforms have been connected to each other as a transfer station as the lines opened: first between the 42nd Street Shuttle and the Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line in 1917, then the transfer was incorporated with the Flushing Line in 1927. The free transfer between the IRT and BMT was added on July 1, 1948.[4] The block-long passageway that runs west to the 42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line was opened within fare control on December 11, 1988. Since 1991, this passageway has contained a piece of public art inspired by the Burma-Shave ads; Norman B. Colp's The Commuter's Lament, or A Close Shave consists of a series of signs attached to the roof of the passageway, reading:

Entrance

Overslept,
So tired.
If late,
Get fired.
Why bother?
Why the pain?
Just go home
Do it again.

The last panel is a picture of a bed. The panels were part of an art project that was supposed to last only one year, but was never removed.[5]

This station underwent total reconstruction in stages starting in 1994.[citation needed] The reconstruction included a new entryway on the south side of 42nd Street between Seventh Avenue and Broadway, featuring a bright neon and colored glass flashing sign with the train route symbols and the word "Subway". The street level fare control at this site features restored original "Times Square" mosaics from the Contract I station walls (now used by the shuttle), and both escalators and stairs lead into the complex. There are also similar renovated entrances on the northwest and southwest corners of Seventh Avenue and 42nd Street, the latter of which has both escalators and stairs, while the former has only stairs.

In 1999, a US$44 million renovation of the complex began.[citation needed] The goal was to reduce congestion and improve rider access, comfort and safety by improving visual lines and increasing pedestrian capacity. The main corridor was widened 15 feet (4.6 m), and the number of sharp corners reduced; ADA accessibility was introduced with elevators; new escalators; and other corridors were widened. The mezzanine above the BMT Broadway Line, formerly a record shop, now features a large oval balcony looking over the trackway and has reduced the sense of claustrophobia described by many riders. In 2004, four unisex stall bathrooms were opened on the mezzanine between the IRT and BMT lines; they are staffed and maintained by employees of the Times Square Alliance, the local Business Improvement District. The record shop re-opened in 2007 on the south side of the IRT/BMT corridor.[6]

The mezzanine has been a major featured spot for subway performers ever since the opening of the station. "Music Under New York" controls the spot, which is located by the escalators, opposite the shuttle to Grand Central. Musicians of all types, from musical saw to a brass band, perform there daily.[citation needed]

Relative depths[edit]

The relative depths of the station's platforms are:[7]

IRT 42nd Street Shuttle platforms[edit]

Times Square
NYCS-bull-trans-S.svg
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Times Square - 42nd Street - Shuttle Track 1.jpg
Shuttle platform for track 1
Station statistics
Division A (IRT)
Line IRT 42nd Street Shuttle
Services       S all except late nights (all except late nights)
Structure Underground
Platforms 3 side platforms (all connected at west end)
Tracks 3
Other information
Opened October 27, 1904; 111 years ago (1904-10-27)[8]
Former/other names 42nd Street
Station succession
Next north Tracks 1 and 3: (Terminal): S all except late nights
Track 4: 50th Street: no regular service
Next south Grand Central: S all except late nights
The original station before reconfiguration
Shuttle platform for track 3. A shuttle train can be seen on the same track.

When it first opened in October 1904, Times Square was a local station on New York City's first subway. Three shuttle tracks have served it since 1918; the southbound express track was removed and replaced by a temporary wooden platform for access to the original northbound express track.

On both sides platforms are located (at the old local platforms) and where the southbound express track was; all three platforms connect on the west (railroad north) side. This walkway crosses the northbound local track on a bridge that can be lifted for the only access to that track, via a merge into the northbound IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line local track along the original subway alignment (north of the current Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line station). This track merge is only used for overnight swaps and special railfan excursion trains. The other three tracks once curved parallel to this.

Two of the three tracks end at bumper blocks at the west end of the platforms. Between the northbound local and the other tracks anywhere along the shuttle there is no track connection.

Because of the curvature on the platforms, gap fillers are used to bridge the gap between train and platform; however, the gap fillers, which are under the platform rather than flush with the platform, are not suitable for wheelchair passengers, making the shuttle platforms virtually inaccessible to wheelchair users. Such passengers who need service to Grand Central must use the IRT Flushing Line platforms. An underpass that formerly connected the original side platforms lies between the downtown local track and the other three tracks of the BMT Broadway Line, which runs perpendicular to the shuttle.

Tracks 1 and 3 have gap fillers. Track 4 does not have gap fillers because of the convex curve of the platform. Track 4 can barely fit the three cars of the shuttle; it originally ended at a wall but now has a small extension for alighting passengers, so the last pair of doors of the train on the platform can only have one panel open for safety. Track 3 can accommodate trains with four cars as well as space for half a fifth.

This is the only station in the station complex that does not have ADA-accessibility, but the MTA is scheduling some improvements to make it accessible under the guidelines of the Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990 as part of the 2015–2019 MTA Capital Program. As part of the program, the 42nd Street Shuttle will become ADA accessible, and the shuttle will be reconfigured from three tracks to two tracks, and the trains will become six cars long. The whole project will cost $235.41 million. The Times Square shuttle platform will be extended to allow for a second point of entry, this one being at Sixth Avenue, with a connection to the IND Sixth Avenue Line. The Times Square station will be rehabilitated with congestion mitigation measures. A wider stairway would be installed from the shuttle mezzanine to street level, a new control area would be installed at the bottom of the stairway, and 21 columns would be removed. The connection to the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line would probably be removed with the elimination of Track 4. The cost of this part of the project is $28.93 million.[9][10]

IND Eighth Avenue Line platforms[edit]

42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal
NYCS-bull-trans-A.svg NYCS-bull-trans-C.svg NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg
New York City Subway rapid transit station
42nd Street - Port Authority Bus Terminal - Downtown Platform.jpg
Downtown platform
Station statistics
Division B (IND)
Line       IND Eighth Avenue Line
Services       A all times (all times)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)
      E all times (all times)
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks 4
Other information
Opened September 10, 1932; 83 years ago (1932-09-10)[11] (upper level)
August 25, 1952; 63 years ago (1952-08-25)[12] (lower level)
Closed 1981; 35 years ago (1981) (lower level)
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access (passageway to other services not accessible)
Station succession
Next north 50th Street (local): A late nights C all except late nights
59th Street–Columbus Circle (express): A all except late nights
50th Street (Queens Boulevard): E all times
Next south 34th Street–Penn Station: A all times C all except late nights E all times


Next Handicapped/disabled access north 59th Street–Columbus Circle (8th Ave): A all times C all except late nights
Lexington Avenue – 53rd Street (Queens Boulevard): E all times
Next Handicapped/disabled access south 34th Street–Penn Station: A all times C all except late nights E all times

42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal is an express station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line. It is partly underneath the Port Authority Bus Terminal. It has one platform level, two offset island platforms, and a long mezzanine. Formerly, it also had a lower level with a single side platform. The upper level opened on September 10, 1932,[11][13] and the lower level opened on August 25, 1952.[12]

Wall mosaics

Platform level[edit]

The platform level of the station contains four tracks and two island platforms; the northbound platform extends from 42nd to 44th Streets, while the southbound platform extends from 40th to 42nd Streets. The station's mezzanine extends four blocks from 40th to 44th Streets, and connects with the rest of the complex by a long passageway underneath 41st Street.[14][15]

Former lower level[edit]

In addition to the level currently in use, there was formerly a lower platform on the southbound side (one track underneath the downtown local track on the upper level, and one side platform underneath the island platform above). The lower level was built together with the upper level platforms in the late 1920s/early 1930s, but existed as an unfinished shell until it was completed and opened in August 1952 to serve rush hour E trains.[12][16] For most of its existence, the lower level platform was only used for occasional service specials, including summer "Rockaway Special" trains to Beach 98th Street at the Rockaways' Playland beginning in 1958, the Aqueduct Racetrack special fare trains from 1959 to 1981, and rush hour E trains in the 1970s.[17][18][19][20]

The lower level featured two high-speed escalators to the mezzanine, and three staircases to the upper-level platform. The walls featured 1950s-era cream tiles, a purple and black tile band, and white mosaic name plates with black "42ND ST" text.[12][16][17]

Theories differ on why the lower level platform was built. The platform could only be reached by trains originating from Queens via the IND Queens Boulevard Line, and 53rd Street (the current E service). Some commentators have speculated that this was meant to allow Manhattan-bound E trains from Queens to hold at 42nd Street without slowing down service on trains traveling from Central Park West,[18] while the reported purpose of the platform upon its opening was to allow E trains to load and unload passengers without having to wait for one of the two upper level tracks to clear.[12][16] Others have suggested that the lower level platform was built to prevent the IRT Flushing Line from being extended westward. The IND lower level platform was located just beyond the tail tracks on the IRT Flushing Line platform.[15][18][21]

Film producers have used the lower level platform for several films, most notably Ghost (1990), starring Patrick Swayze and Demi Moore.[17][18]

In the late 2000s, the MTA began construction on a planned extension of the IRT Flushing Line to 34th Street, which would require demolishing the IND Eighth Avenue lower level platform.[18] As of January 2010, the lower level platform was being demolished as part of the Flushing Line extension.[22] Transit blogger Benjamin Kabak, who was invited to tour the Flushing Line extension and view construction progress, reported in February 2012 that the lower level platform had been "bisected" by the Flushing Line extension.[23] The tunnels slope down through where the old lower level platform was.[21]

IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line platforms[edit]

Times Square–42nd Street
NYCS-bull-trans-1.svg NYCS-bull-trans-2.svg NYCS-bull-trans-3.svg
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Times Square-42nd Street (Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line).jpg
Downtown platform
Station statistics
Division A (IRT)
Line IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
Services       1 all times (all times)
      2 all times (all times)
      3 all times (all times)
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks 4
Other information
Opened June 3, 1917; 99 years ago (1917-06-03)[1]
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access (Transfer accessible to BMT Broadway Line and IRT Flushing Line platforms only)
Station succession
Next north 50th Street (local): 1 all times 2 late nights
72nd Street (express): 2 all except late nights 3 all times
Next south 34th Street–Penn Station: 1 all times 2 all times 3 all except late nights
(Terminal): 3 late nights


Next Handicapped/disabled access north 59th Street–Columbus Circle (local): 1 all times 2 late nights
72nd Street (express): 2 all except late nights 3 all times
Next Handicapped/disabled access south 34th Street–Penn Station: 1 all times 2 all times 3 all except late nights
none: 3 late nights

Times Square–42nd Street is an express station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line, with four tracks and two island platforms. Access to the other lines is provided at the northern end and in the center of each platform. An elevator was recently installed and is now in operation, but there are very few signs in the station complex indicating its location.

Just south of the station, a fifth center track begins, formed by a connection from each express track. This track merges back into the two express tracks just before 34th Street–Penn Station.[24] This center track was used in the past for turning rush hour "Gap Trains", which would head back up north. It is currently used for short turning 3 trains during nights.[25]

This section was the site of a 1928 wreck that killed 16 people, the second worst in New York City history (the worst being the Malbone Street Wreck in Brooklyn, which killed at least 93).

BMT Broadway Line platforms[edit]

Times Square–42nd Street
NYCS-bull-trans-N.svg NYCS-bull-trans-Q.svg NYCS-bull-trans-R.svg
New York City Subway rapid transit station
42st NQRW.jpeg
Uptown platform
Station statistics
Division B (BMT)
Line       BMT Broadway Line
Services       N all times (all times)
      Q all times (all times)
      R all except late nights (all except late nights)
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks 4
Other information
Opened January 5, 1918; 98 years ago (1918-01-05)[26]
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access (Transfer accessible to IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line & IRT Flushing Line platforms only)
Station succession
Next north 49th Street (local): N all times Q weekdays until 11:00 p.m. and late nights R all except late nights
57th Street–Seventh Avenue (express): Q weekends except late nights
Next south 34th Street–Herald Square: N all times Q all times R all except late nights


Next Handicapped/disabled access north 49th Street: N all times Q weekdays until 11:00 p.m. and late nights R all except late nights (northbound only; via local)
Lexington Avenue – 63rd Street: under construction
Next Handicapped/disabled access south 34th Street–Herald Square: N all times Q all times R all except late nights

Times Square–42nd Street is an express station on the BMT Broadway Line that has four tracks and two island platforms. Connections to the other lines are at the northern end of the platforms. This station received a minor overhaul in the late 1970s when MTA fixed the station's structure and the overall appearance, and it repaired staircases and platform edges, removed pedestrian ramps, and replaced lighting. In 2004-2006, the station received a major overhaul and repairs, including upgrading the station for ADA compliance and restoring the original late 1910s tiling. MTA repaired the staircases, retiled the walls, added new tiling on the floors, upgraded the station's lights and the public address system, installed ADA yellow safety treads along the platform edge, and installed new signs and new trackbeds in both directions.

The express tracks north of the station spread out to pass around a crossunder in the Times Square shuttle platforms. This crossunder was sealed off in the 1960s.

"42" monogram mosaic

On June 1, 1940, the title of the Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation was transferred to the City of New York, signifying the first phase of unification of New York's subway system with the Independent Subway System as well as eventual public operation of the entire system. (The Interborough Rapid Transit Company would be merged on June 15 of the same year.) At midnight, a ceremony commemorating the transfer, with five hundred people in attendance, was held at the Times Square station. The last BMT train had left the 57th Street station five minutes earlier. When the train arrived at Times Square, BMT president William S. Menden handed over his company's properties to Mayor Fiorello H. LaGuardia, who then gave them to New York City Board of Transportation chairman John H. Delaney. The Board of Transportation operated the New York City Transit System until the creation of the New York City Transit Authority in 1953.[27]

IRT Flushing Line platform[edit]

Times Square
NYCS-bull-trans-7.svg NYCS-bull-trans-7d.svg
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Times Square - 42nd Street - Flushing Line Platform.jpg
The IRT Flushing Line platform
Station statistics
Division A (IRT)
Line       IRT Flushing Line
Services       7 all times (all times) <7>rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction (rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction)
Structure Underground
Platforms 1 island platform
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened March 14, 1927; 89 years ago (1927-03-14)[28]
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access (Transfer accessible to IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line and BMT Broadway Line platforms only)
Station succession
Next north Fifth Avenue: 7 all times <7>rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction
Next south 34th Street–Hudson Yards: 7 all times <7>rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction


Next Handicapped/disabled access north Grand Central: 7 all times <7>rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction
Next Handicapped/disabled access south 34th Street–Hudson Yards: 7 all times <7>rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction
A 7 train arriving at Times Square, bound for 34th Street–Hudson Yards

Times Square (signed as and announced on trains as Times Square–42nd Street) on the IRT Flushing Line has one island platform and two tracks, located deep below West 41st Street. It served as the terminus for 7 <7> trains from its opening on March 14, 1927, until September 13, 2015, when the next station west (railroad south), 34th Street–Hudson Yards, opened.

Stairs, escalators, and an elevator along the platform lead to various mezzanines. There are "TS" tile mosaics along the station walls. An office is located at the north (compass east) end of the platform. An elevator was recently installed and connects with the Downtown IRT Seventh Avenue platform and then the mezzanine. The elevators make this platform, along with the platform at Grand Central accessible to wheelchair passengers (unlike the shuttle platforms, which are not accessible to wheelchairs).

The tracks continue south (compass west) beyond the station to the 34th Street station. These tracks formerly led to an unused storage and layover area, but the extension of the Flushing Line, whose trackwork was completed in 2013, included the addition of third rails to the layover tracks, as well as the inspection and replacement of these tracks.[29] The closed lower level platform at 42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal on the IND Eighth Avenue Line was blocking the line but since removed.[17] Currently, all Flushing-bound service is on the eastbound track, labeled Track 2, and 34th Street-bound service is on the westbound track, labeled Track 1.

Artwork[edit]

George Lewis Heins and Christopher Grant LaFarge were the first commissioned architects of the IRT. They designed the original Times Square Station, which was located at the current Grand Central Shuttle stop.

In many of their stations, Heins and LaFarge use symbolic imagery to honor a neighborhood or its namesake. When Squire Vickers took over as chief designer and architect of the IRT in 1906, he continued this tradition of using symbolism to speak to a station's history.

The colored tile trim of the Times Square subway station bears an uncanny resemblance to the Confederate Battle Flag.[30] Scholars believe that Vickers and his colleagues unmistakably reference the symbol of the South to pay homage to New York Times owner Adolph S. Ochs.[31] The Confederacy was a significant part of Ochs' heritage, and the eccentric Vickers relished literary and historical imagery.[32] Times Square was named for the New York Times, whose headquarters, built by the Southerner Ochs, housed the original subway station in its basement.

Modern artwork installed in the complex includes the following:

New York in Transit was Lawrence's last public work before his 2000 death.[33] Lichtenstein completed Times Square Mural in 1994, but installation was delayed until after the station complex's renovation, during which Lichtenstein died in 1997.[34]

Foiled terrorist attack[edit]

Najibullah Zazi and alleged co-conspirators were arrested in September 2009 as part of an al-Qaeda Islamist plan to engage in suicide bombings on trains in the New York City subway system, including near the Times Square station, during rush hour that month, and Zazi has pleaded guilty.[35][36][37][38]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b New York Times, Three New Links of the Dual Subway System Opened, June 3, 1917, page 33
  2. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved 2016-05-18.
  3. ^ a b "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2016-04-18. 
  4. ^ New York Times, Transfer Points Under Higher Fare, June 30, 1948, page 19
  5. ^ "Artwork: "The Commuter's Lament/A Close Shave", Norman B. Colp (1991)". Retrieved 2008-10-22. 
  6. ^ Review and photos of the Times Square bathrooms at Gothamist
  7. ^ nycsubway.org – IND 8th Avenue: 42nd Street-Port Authority Bus Terminal
  8. ^ New York Times, Our Subway Open: 150,000 Try It, October 28, 1904
  9. ^ "METROPOLITAN TRANSPORTATION AUTHORITY (MTA) NOTICE OF PUBLIC HEARING AND DESCRIPTION OF PROJECTS Tuesday, August 23, 2016 4:30 P.M. Request for Federal Financial Assistance Under the Federal Transportation Authorization For Federal Fiscal Year 2017 Capital Improvement Projects" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 28, 2016. Retrieved August 7, 2016. 
  10. ^ 2015–2019 MTA Capital Program
  11. ^ a b New York Times, List of the 28 Stations on the New Eighth Ave Line, September 10, 1932, page 6
  12. ^ a b c d e "New IND Platform Will Open Monday". nytimes.com. The New York Times. August 23, 1952. Retrieved 30 June 2015. 
  13. ^ Crowell, Paul (September 10, 1932). "Gay Midnight Crowd Rides First Trains In The New Subway: Throngs at Station an Hour Before Time, Rush Turnstiles When Chains are Dropped". New York Times. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 
  14. ^ "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Pennsylvania Station/Times Square" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority (New York). 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2015. 
  15. ^ a b "Station: 42nd Street-Port Authority Bus Terminal (8th Avenue)". Retrieved 2013-04-06. 
  16. ^ a b c Ingraham, Joseph C. (June 20, 1952). "New IND Platform at 8th and 42d To Expedite Service From Queens". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved 30 June 2015. 
  17. ^ a b c d Mindlin, Alex (2008-04-20). "No Whoosh, No 'All Aboard'". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-07-10. 
  18. ^ a b c d e Kabak, Benjamin (2008-04-21). "With the 7 on the way, a swan song for a Times Square platform". Retrieved 2013-04-06. 
  19. ^ Brennan, Joseph (2002). "Abandoned Stations: 42 St Lower Level". Retrieved 2015-05-04. 
  20. ^ "Non-Stop Trips, Reserved Seats On Special Here: Deluxe Subway Express Ride Also Features Music; $1.55 Round-Trip Fare From 42nd Street To Playland Station Provides Admission And Rides" (PDF). Wave of Long Island. Fultonhistory.com. July 3, 1958. p. 1. Retrieved 17 August 2016. 
  21. ^ a b "7 Line Extension 081". Flickr. 
  22. ^ Donohue, Pete (2009-06-20). "Abandoned No More: 2nd Life Drilled into Old 7 Subway Platform". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2010-01-30. 
  23. ^ Kabak, Benjamin (2012-02-12). "Photos: Inside the 7 line extension". Retrieved 2013-04-06. 
  24. ^ Marrero, Robert (2015-09-13). "469 Stations, 846 Miles" (PDF). B24 Blog, via Dropbox. Retrieved 2015-10-09. 
  25. ^ "Service Enhancements on 3 Line" (Press release). MTA New York City Transit. 2008-07-24. Retrieved 2008-07-26. 
  26. ^ New York Times, Open New Subway to Times Square, January 6, 1918
  27. ^ Hood, Clifton (2004). 722 Miles: The Building of the Subways and How They Transformed New York (Centennial ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 238–239. ISBN 0-8018-8054-8. 
  28. ^ New York Times, New Queens Subway Opened to Times Sq., March 15, 1927, page 1
  29. ^ "View of Tunnel from station platform showing sign indicating no third rail power". Retrieved 2009-04-01. 
  30. ^ "Confederate Flags in Times Square?". History Net: Where History Comes Alive – World & US History Online. 
  31. ^ Jackowe, David J. "The Times Square Confederate." Civil War Times; Aug 2012, Vol. 51 Issue 4, p. 42. http://www.historynet.com/confederate-flags-in-times-square.htm
  32. ^ Underground Renaissance Man: Watch the Aesthetic Walls, Please
  33. ^ "Times Square Subway Mural Unveiled" (Press release). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2001-11-07. Retrieved 2010-04-11. 
  34. ^ Carol Vogel. "Times Square Mural". The Roy Lichtenstein Foundation. Retrieved 2010-04-11. 
  35. ^ Zraik, Karen; Johnston, David (September 15, 2009). "Man in Queens Raids Denies Any Terrorist Link". The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 21, 2009. 
  36. ^ Johnston, David; Baker, Al (September 18, 2009). "Denver Man Admits to a Possible Al Qaeda Connection, Officials Say". The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 21, 2009. 
  37. ^ Johnston, David; Rashbaum, William K. (September 20, 2009). "Terror Suspect Had Bomb Guide, Authorities Say". The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 21, 2009. 
  38. ^ Zazi Reveals Details Of Foiled Terror Plot - retrieved from NY1 local news channel on 04/12/2010

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

nycsubway.org:

MTA Arts for Transit

Google Maps Street View

Other websites