Timiș County

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Timiș County

Județul Timiș
County
Coat of arms of Timiș County
Coat of arms
Timiș county, territorial location
Timiș county, territorial location
Coordinates: 45°47′N 21°21′E / 45.78°N 21.35°E / 45.78; 21.35
Country Romania
Development regionVest
Historical regionBanat
County seatTimișoara
Government
 • TypeCounty Council
 • President of the County CouncilAlin-Adrian Nica (PNL)
 • PrefectLiliana Oneț[1]
Area
 • Total8,697 km2 (3,358 sq mi)
Area rank1st
Population
 (2011 census[2])
 • Total683,540 Increase
 • Rank6th
 • Density78/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Area code(s)(+40) 256 or (+40) 356
ISO 3166 codeRO-TM
Car PlatesTM
GDP (nominal)US$ 11.230 billion (2018) Increase
GDP per capitaUS$ 16,430 (2018)Increase
Economy rank2nd
WebsiteCounty Council
County Prefecture

Timiș (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈtimiʃ]) is a county (județ) of western Romania on the border with Hungary and Serbia, in the historical region Banat, with the county seat at Timișoara. It is the westernmost and the largest county in Romania in terms of land area. The county is also part of the Danube–Criș–Mureș–Tisa Euroregion.

Name[edit]

The name of the county comes from the river Timiș, known in Roman antiquity as river Tibisis or Tibiscus.

In Hungarian, it is known as Temes megye, German as Kreis Temesch, in Serbian as Тамиш / Tamiš, in Ukrainian as Ті́міш, and in Banat Bulgarian as Timiš.

Demographics[edit]

In 2000, the county had a population of 684,506 and the population density was 79/km2. According to the 2011 census, the county had a population of 683,540 and the population density was 78/km2. The reported ethnic groups were as follows:[3]

Year County population[4]
1948 588,936
1956 Decrease 568,881
1966 Increase 607,596
1977 Increase 696,884
1992 Increase 700,292
2002 Decrease 677,926
2011 Increase 683,540

Geography[edit]

This county has a total area of 8,697 km2 (3,6% of Romania). It is the largest county in Romania.

In the eastern extremity are the Poiana Ruscă Mountains from the Western Romanian Carpathians group. Elevations decrease to the west, passing through the Lipova Hills to the Western Romanian Plain, the eastern part of the Pannonian Plain.

The county is crossed by many rivers, the most important being the Bega and the Timiș.

Neighbours[edit]

Economy[edit]

Timiș County has one of the most dynamic economies in Romania. Timiș County has a gross domestic product (GDP) for 2020 of 50.27 billion lei, surpassed only by Bucharest (245 billion) according to the National Commission for Strategy and Forecast, contributing over 5% of Romania's total GDP, having a high-developed economy and one of the highest purchasing power in the country, being the region with the highest ratings of foreign investment (after Bucharest - 4.5 billion in 2020), due to its tradition and its position. At the end of 2020, Timiș County had, according to the National Institute of Statistics, a Gross Domestic Product per capita of 15,870 euros, 30% over the national average, and an annual growth rate of 5-10%.

The predominant industries in the county are:

Infrastructure[edit]

Timiș County is crossed by important European roads and the Pan-European transport corridor IV, both road and rail, due to its connection to the Trans-European Transport Network.

The county is a major road junction in international transit traffic, being located on the pan-European corridor Dresden-Constanța (which connects Central Europe to the Black Sea), as well as the node of the future trans-European route Via Carpatia (which in Europe connects the ports of Klaipėda on the Baltic Sea and Thessaloniki on the Aegean Sea). The county is crossed by the A1 highway, part of the Pan-European transport corridor IV, a segment that continues with the M43 motorway, to Szeged, providing a direct road connection with Western Europe and to the continental highway network. The A1 is connected to Lugoj with the A6 highway, which is under construction. The first section of the highway, 11 km, between Balinț and Lugoj, where there is a road junction with the European route E70, was inaugurated on December 19, 2013.

Tourism[edit]

Surduc, the largest lake in western Romania
Bazoș Arboretum

Timiș has a very rich offer in terms of tourism and leisure activities, being constantly in the top of destinations chosen by foreign tourists visiting Romania. In 2017 it was the third most visited county in Romania, after Bucharest-Ilfov and Brașov, in terms of the number of foreign tourists. The main tourist attractions in the county are:

There are also a lot of places for hunting and fishing.

Politics[edit]

The Timiș County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 37 counselors, with the following party composition:[5]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Democratic Party 16                                
  National Liberal Party 14                                
  People's Movement Party 5                                
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 2                                

People[edit]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Bega at night, in Timișoara

Timiș County has 2 municipalities, 8 towns and 89 communes

  • Municipalities
    • Timișoara - capital city; population: 319,279 - the municipality and 468,162 - the metropolitan area (as of 2011),
    • Lugoj - population: 37,321 (as of 2011)
  • Towns
    • Sânnicolau Mare - population: 11,540 (as of 2011)
    • Jimbolia - population: 10.808 (as of 2011)
    • Recaș - population: 7,782 (as of 2011)
    • Făget - population: 6,571 (as of 2011)
    • Buziaș - population: 6,504 (as of 2011)
    • Deta - population: 5,963 (as of 2011)
    • Gătaia - population: 5,449 (as of 2011)
    • Ciacova - population: 5,348 (as of 2011)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ office@werbo.ro, Werbo. "Institutia Prefectului judetul Timis". www.prefecturatimis.ro.
  2. ^ "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002"
  5. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.

External links[edit]

Google earth file (kmz) with information about the Timis Bega catchment and the 2005 flood event Download the kmz file