Timiskaming, Quebec

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Timiskaming First Nation
First Nations reserve
Timiskaming FN.jpg
Timiskaming is located in Quebec
Timiskaming
Timiskaming
Coordinates: 47°38′N 79°28′W / 47.633°N 79.467°W / 47.633; -79.467Coordinates: 47°38′N 79°28′W / 47.633°N 79.467°W / 47.633; -79.467
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionAbitibi-Témiscamingue
Regional countyNone
Formed1854
Government
 • ChiefWayne McKenzie
 • Federal ridingAbitibi—Témiscamingue
 • Prov. ridingRouyn-Noranda–Témiscamingue
Area[1]
 • Total18.20 km2 (7.03 sq mi)
 • Land18.19 km2 (7.02 sq mi)
Population (2017)[2]
 • Total641
 • Density35.2/km2 (91/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Postal CodeJ0Z 3B0
Area code(s)819
Website[1]

Timiskaming (former official designation Timiskaming 19) is a First Nations reserve in the Abitibi-Témiscamingue region of Quebec, Canada, just north of the head of Lake Timiskaming. It belongs to the Timiskaming First Nation, an Algonquin band.[3] It is geographically within the Témiscamingue Regional County Municipality but administratively not part of it.

History[edit]

In 1853, following the proposed distribution by Commissioner of Crown Lands John Rolph, the Governor General in Council assigned the Nipissing, Algonquin, and Ottawa Indians of the Timiscaming region a reserve of 38,400 acres (15,500 ha), located along the Ottawa River, and originally known as Temiscamingue Reserve. But piece-by-piece, the reserve was reduced in size when the Indians ceded lots back to the government in 1897, 1898, every year from 1905 to 1917, 1939, 1953, and 1955. But many of these surrenders are now being disputed.[4]

On October 23, 1999, the Quebec government officially recognized a name change from Timiscaming to Timiskaming.[5] On July 30, 2002, the Department of Indian Affairs recognized that the reserve's name was changed to Timiskaming.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As of June 2018, the registered population of the Timiskaming First Nation is 2,208 members, of whom 641 live on the Timiskaming reserve, 11 live on another reserve or crown land, and 1,556 live off reserve.[6]

Canada census – Timiskaming, Quebec community profile
2011 2006
Population: 540 (6.9% from 2006) 505 (-5.4% from 2001)
Land area: 18.19 km2 (7.02 sq mi) 18.19 km2 (7.02 sq mi)
Population density: 29.7/km2 (77/sq mi) 27.8/km2 (72/sq mi)
Median age: 28.8 (M: 28.8, F: 28.0) 33.5 (M: 33.0, F: 34.1)
Total private dwellings: 191 193
Median household income: $.N/A $33,792
Notes: 2011 data for this area has been suppressed for data quality or confidentiality reasons.
Population in 1996: 478[7] (+24.5% from 1991) - Population in 1991: 361[7] – References: 2011[8] 2006[9] earlier[10]

Language[edit]

Mother tongue:[8]

  • English as first language: 87.5%
  • French as first language: 8.7%
  • English and French as first language: 1.9%
  • Other as first language: 1.9%

Economy[edit]

The reserve's economy is tied to the adjacent town of Notre-Dame-du-Nord and mostly based on logging, farming, construction, and tourism. There are about 15 enterprises on the reserve.[3] The Timiskaming First Nation administration employs about 70 persons.

Education[edit]

There is only one school on the reserve: Kiwetin School, providing pre-Kindergarten to secondary grade 12. It had an enrolment of 65 students in 2008-2009.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://fnp-ppn.aandc-aadnc.gc.ca/fnp/Main/Search/RVDetail.aspx?RESERVE_NUMBER=06092&lang=eng
  2. ^ http://fnp-ppn.aandc-aadnc.gc.ca/fnp/Main/Search/FNRegPopulation.aspx?BAND_NUMBER=64&lang=eng
  3. ^ a b c "Timiskaming First Nation". First Nations profiles. Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada. Archived from the original on 2014-06-12. Retrieved 2012-10-26.
  4. ^ a b Natural Resources Canada - Legal Surveys Division, Historical Review - Timiskaming land title history Archived 2011-07-06 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ http://www.stat.gouv.qc.ca/publications/referenc/pdf/mod99.pdf[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ http://fnp-ppn.aandc-aadnc.gc.ca/fnp/Main/Search/FNRegPopulation.aspx?BAND_NUMBER=64&lang=eng
  7. ^ a b "Electronic Area Profiles". Canada 1996 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2013-05-11.
  8. ^ a b "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-29.
  9. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-26.
  10. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.