The friary is located on the site of an early christian church dedicated to St Molaga, whose feast day was celebrated down to the seventeenth-century.
Timoleague is one of the few early Franciscan friaries with substantial standing remains in Ireland. Located in a medieval village in Co. Cork, it stands on the banks of the River Argideen overlooking Courtmacsherry Bay. The cellars are located in the east range and were connected directly to the river via an outbuilding. This would have allowed for the safe delivery of goods such as fish to the friary. The fifteenth century tower was inserted later, and is typical of Franciscan bell-towers. The building contains some mysterious wall passages, with tall arches on each side of the choir.
Timoleague Franciscan friary is a National Monument in State Care (#21) and its RMP (Record of Monument & Place) number is CO123-050002-