East Timor (province)

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East Timor
Timor Timur (Indonesian)
Timor Loro'sae (Tetum)
Province of Indonesia
Flag Coat of arms
Capital Dili
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
 •  1976–1998 (first) Suharto
 •  1998–1999 (last) B. J. Habibie
 •  1976–1978 (first) Arnaldo dos Reis Araújo
 •  1992–1999 (last) José Osório Soaresa
 •  Annexation by Indonesia 17 July 1976
 •  Santa Cruz massacre 12 November 1991
 •  UNTAET established 25 October 1999
Currency Rupiah (IDR)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Portuguese Timor
United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor
Today part of  East Timor

East Timor (Timor Timur) was a former province of the Republic of Indonesia and now present-day Timor Leste during its occupation by Indonesia between 1975 and 1999.


Timorese women with the Indonesian national flag

The colony of Portuguese Timor declared its independence on 28 November 1975, calling itself Timor-Leste (Portuguese: "East Timor"). Nine days later, Indonesia began the invasion of its main territory. Indonesia declared the accession of Timor-Leste on 17 July 1976 as 27th province and changed its official name to Timor Timur, the Indonesian translation of "East Timor". The use of Portuguese was then forbidden, as it was seen as a relic of colonisation.

The annexation was recognized by major international countries, including United States and Australia, but was disputed in the United Nations.

The Indonesians left in 1999 and East Timor came under the administration of the United Nations.

After the re-establishment of the independence of Timor-Leste in 2002, the East Timorese government requested that the name Timor-Leste be used in place of "East Timor". The only other official translation is Timor Loro'sae, which is Tetum for "East Timor". This is to avoid the Indonesian term and its reminder of the Indonesian occupation.


  • Arnaldo dos Reis Araújo (4 August 1976 – 1978)
  • Guilherme Maria Gonçalves (1978–1982)
  • Mário Viegas Carrascalão (18 September 1982 – 11 September 1992)
  • José Abílio Osório Soares (11 September 1992 – October 1999)

See also[edit]


External links[edit]