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|Timor Timur (Indonesian)
Timor Loro'sae (Tetum)
|Government||Unitary presidential constitutional republic|
|•||1998–1999 (last)||B. J. Habibie|
|•||1976–1978 (first)||Arnaldo dos Reis Araújo|
|•||1992–1999 (last)||José Osório Soaresa|
|•||Established||17 July 1976|
|•||Disestablished||25 October 1999|
|Today part of||East Timor|
The colony of Portuguese Timor declared its independence on 28 November 1975, calling itself Timor-Leste (Portuguese: "East Timor"). Nine days later, Indonesia began the invasion of its main territory. Indonesia declared the accession of Timor-Leste on 17 July 1976 as 27th province and changed its official name to Timor Timur, the Indonesian translation of "East Timor". The use of Portuguese was then forbidden, as it was seen as a relic of colonisation.
The annexation was recognized by major international countries, including United States and Australia, but was disputed in the United Nations.
The Indonesians left in 1999 and East Timor came under the administration of the United Nations.
After the re-establishment of the independence of Timor-Leste in 2002, the East Timorese government requested that the name Timor-Leste be used in place of "East Timor". The only other official translation is Timor Loro'sae, which is Tetum for "East Timor". This is to avoid the Indonesian term and its reminder of the Indonesian occupation.
- Arnaldo dos Reis Araújo (4 August 1976 – 1978)
- Guilherme Maria Gonçalves (1978–1982)
- Mário Viegas Carrascalão (18 September 1982 – 11 September 1992)
- José Abílio Osório Soares (11 September 1992 – October 1999)