Timothy Daniel Sullivan

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Timothy Daniel Sullivan
Timothy Daniel Sullivan00.jpg
Lord Mayor of Dublin
In office
Preceded by John O'Connor
Succeeded by Thomas Sexton
Member of Parliament
for Westmeath
In office
Preceded by Patrick James Smyth
Lord Robert Montagu
Succeeded by Constituency divided
Member of Parliament
for Dublin College Green
In office
Preceded by New constituency
Succeeded by Joseph Edward Kenny
Member of Parliament
for West Donegal
In office
Preceded by James Joseph Dalton
Succeeded by James Boyle
Personal details
Born May 29, 1827
Bantry, County Cork, Ireland, United Kingdom
Died March 14, 1914(1914-03-14) (aged 86)
Political party Irish Parliamentary Party
Irish National Federation

Timothy Daniel Sullivan (29 May 1827 – 31 March 1914) was an Irish nationalist, journalist, politician and poet who wrote the Irish national hymn "God Save Ireland", in 1867. He was born at Bantry, County Cork.[1]


Sullivan was a member of the Home Rule League, supporting Charles Stewart Parnell in the 1880 general election, being "convinced that without self-government there could never be peace, prosperity or contentment in Ireland". He joined the Irish Parliamentary Party when it was established in 1882. When the party split in 1891 he became an Anti-Parnellite until the Nationalist factions were reunited in 1900.

Sullivan represented a number of constituencies in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. He was elected from Westmeath in 1880 and served until 1885. He then became the first MP from Dublin College Green until he was defeated by a Pro-Parnellite in the 1892 general election. Four days later he was returned unopposed for West Donegal which he represented until he retired in 1900.[1]

He was Lord Mayor of Dublin in 1886 and 1887.[1]


He owned and edited a number of publications (The Nation, Dublin Weekly News and Young Ireland). In December 1887 he published reports of meetings by the National League. As a result, he was convicted and imprisoned for two months under the Crimes Act.[1]

As well as writing the Irish national hymn "God Save Ireland", he wrote the adopted anthem of the All-for-Ireland League: "All for Ireland ! One for all ! and popular pieces such as "Song from the Backwoods" and "Michael Dwyer".[2]


A number of his descendants were people of outstanding distinction. His son Timothy was Chief Justice of Ireland from 1936 to 1946. His daughter Frances was an Irish-language activist in Craobh an Chéitinnigh, the Keating branch of the Gaelic League (Conradh na Gaelige) and a lecturer in Irish. His daughter Anne (who had sixteen children) was the mother of politician Kevin O'Higgins, one of the dominant political figures of the 1920s. His great-grandson Tom O'Higgins was Chief Justice from 1974 to 1985.[3]

His brother, Alexander, author of New Ireland and a fervant constitutional and cultural nationalist, was owner and editor of The Nation after Gavan Duffy, and prior to Timothy Daniel Sullivan.[4]

Further reading[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d McCarthy, Justin; Egan, Maurice Francis; Hyde, Douglas; Gregory, Lady; Roche, James Jeffrey; Welsh, Charles (Eds.)(1904). In Irish Literature, Vol. IX. Philadelphia: John D. Morris & Co. p. 3333. Google Book Search. Retrieved on 30 March 2011.
  2. ^ Dunboy, and Other Poems, Dublin, 1861
  3. ^ De Vere White, Terence Kevin O'Higgins Methuen and Co. London 1948
  4. ^ Sullivan, Timothy Daniel (1885). A.M. Sullivan: A Memoir. Dublin: 90 Middle Abbey Street. pp. 10–15. 


Sullivan, T.D. (1905) Recollections of Troubled Times in Irish Politics. Dublin: Sealy, Bryers & Walker; M.H. Gills & Son, Ltd. Retrieved on 30 March 2011.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Patrick James Smyth
Lord Robert Montagu
Member of Parliament for Westmeath
With: Henry Gill 1880–1883
Timothy Harrington 1883–1885
Constituency divided
New constituency Member of Parliament for Dublin College Green
Succeeded by
Joseph Edward Kenny
Preceded by
James Joseph Dalton
Member of Parliament for West Donegal
Succeeded by
James Boyle
Civic offices
Preceded by
John O'Connor
Lord Mayor of Dublin
Succeeded by
Thomas Sexton