Timothy Essex

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Timothy Essex (1765?-1847) was an English composer.


Essex was born in or about 1765 at Coventry, Warwickshire, the son of Timothy Essex there; Margaret Essex was his sister.[1] He began playing on the flute and violin at age 13, for his own amusement, and his father let him study music as a profession. In 1786 he established himself as a teacher of the pianoforte, organ, and flute. In order to better his position he matriculated at Oxford as a member of Magdalen Hall 10 December 1806, and took the degree of bachelor of music on the following 17 December. He proceeded doctor of music 2 December 1812.[2]

Essex was known as a teacher, and obtained some popularity as a composer. His ‘Musical Academy’ was at 38 Hill Street, Berkeley Square; he was also organist, composer to, and director of the choir of St George's Chapel, Albemarle Street. He died 27 September 1847, aged 82, in York Buildings, New Road, London.[3]


Among his works are:

  • ‘Eight English Canzonetts for a Single Voice’ (1800).
  • ‘A Grand Military Sonata for the Pianoforte, with an accompaniment ad libitum for a violin’ (1800).
  • ‘Six Duets for Flutes or Violins’ (1801?).
  • ‘Eight Lessons and Four Sonatinas on a Peculiar Plan, intended to establish a proper method of fingering on the pianoforte’ (1802).
  • ‘Six Canzonets, the words from the poems of the late Mrs. Robinson’ (1804).
  • ‘Introduction and Fugue for the Organ’ (1812).
  • ‘Harmonia Sacra. being a collection of sacred melodies for the 150 Psalms of David’ (1830?).

He also published a set of slow and quick marches for the pianoforte, with the full scores added for a military band, a variety of rondos for the pianoforte, and pianoforte and flute, and many single songs.


  1. ^ Girdham, Jane. "Essex, Margaret". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/53934.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. ^ Foster, Alumni Oxon.; Oxford Graduates, 1851, p. 215
  3. ^ Gent. Mag. new ser. xxviii. 551

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain"Essex, Timothy". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.