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Tim Kaine

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Not to be confused with Tim Kane.
Tim Kaine
Tim Kaine, official 113th Congress photo portrait.jpg
United States Senator
from Virginia
Assumed office
January 3, 2013
Serving with Mark Warner
Preceded by Jim Webb
Chairman of the Democratic National Committee
In office
January 21, 2009 – April 5, 2011
Preceded by Howard Dean
Succeeded by Donna Brazile (Acting)[1]
70th Governor of Virginia
In office
January 14, 2006 – January 16, 2010
Lieutenant Bill Bolling
Preceded by Mark Warner
Succeeded by Bob McDonnell
38th Lieutenant Governor of Virginia
In office
January 12, 2002 – January 14, 2006
Governor Mark Warner
Preceded by John H. Hager
Succeeded by Bill Bolling
76th Mayor of Richmond
In office
July 1, 1998 – September 10, 2001
Preceded by Larry Chavis
Succeeded by Rudy McCollum
Member of the Richmond City Council
from the 2nd district
In office
July 1, 1994 – September 10, 2001
Preceded by Benjamin P. A. Warthen
Succeeded by William J. Pantele
Personal details
Born Timothy Michael Kaine
(1958-02-26) February 26, 1958 (age 58)
Saint Paul, Minnesota, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Anne Holton (m. 1984)
Children 3
Alma mater University of Missouri, Columbia (BA)
Harvard University (JD)
Signature
Website Senate website

Timothy Michael "Tim" Kaine (born February 26, 1958) is an American attorney and politician who is the junior United States Senator from Virginia. A Democrat, Kaine was elected to the Senate in 2012 and was the nominee of his party for Vice President of the United States in the 2016 election.

Born in St. Paul, Minnesota, Kaine grew up in Overland Park, Kansas, graduated from the University of Missouri, and earned a law degree from Harvard Law School before entering private practice and becoming a lecturer at the University of Richmond School of Law. He was first elected to public office in 1994, when he won a seat on the Richmond, Virginia City Council. He was then elected Mayor of Richmond in 1998, and was in that position until being elected Lieutenant Governor of Virginia in 2001. Kaine was elected Governor of Virginia in 2005 and was in that office from 2006 to 2010. He was chairman of the Democratic National Committee from 2009 to 2011.

On July 22, 2016, Hillary Clinton announced that she had selected Kaine to be her vice presidential running mate in the 2016 presidential election, and the 2016 Democratic National Convention nominated him on July 27. The Clinton-Kaine ticket lost the election to the Trump-Pence ticket on November 8, 2016, despite winning the popular vote.

Early life

Kaine was born at Saint Joseph's Hospital in St. Paul, Minnesota. He is the eldest of three sons[2][3] born to Mary Kathleen (née Burns), a home economics teacher, and Albert Alexander Kaine, Jr., a welder and the owner of a small iron-working shop.[3][4][5] He was raised Catholic.[3] One of Kaine's great-grandparents was Scottish and the other seven were Irish.[4][6][7][8] Kaine's family moved to Overland Park, Kansas, when Kaine was two years old, and he grew up in the Kansas City area.[9] In 1976, he graduated from Rockhurst High School, a Jesuit all-boys preparatory school in Kansas City, Missouri.[2][10] At Rockhurst, Kaine joined the debate team and was elected student body president.[3]

Kaine received his B.A. in economics from the University of Missouri in 1979, completing his degree in three years and graduating summa cum laude.[2][3] He was a Coro Foundation fellow in Kansas City in 1978.[11] He entered Harvard Law School in 1979, interrupting his law studies after his first year to work in Honduras[12][13][a] for nine months from 1980 to 1981, helping Jesuit missionaries who ran a Catholic school in El Progreso.[9][16] While running a vocational center that taught carpentry and welding, he also helped increase the school's enrollment by recruiting local villagers.[3] Kaine is fluent in Spanish as a result of his nine months in Honduras.[16]

After returning from Honduras, Kaine met his future wife, first-year Harvard Law student, Anne Holton.[3] He graduated from Harvard Law School with a J.D. degree in 1983.[17] Kaine and Holton moved to Holton's hometown of Richmond, Virginia, after graduation,[3] and Kaine was admitted to the Virginia Bar in 1984.[10]

Legal career and Richmond City Council

After graduating from law school, Kaine was a law clerk for Judge R. Lanier Anderson III of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit, in Macon, Georgia.[10] Kaine then joined the Richmond law firm of Little, Parsley & Cluverius, P.C.[10] In 1987, Kaine became a director with the law firm of Mezzullo & McCandlish, P.C.[10] Kaine practiced law in Richmond for 17 years, specializing in fair housing law and representing clients discriminated against on the basis of race or disability.[18] He was a board member of the Virginia chapter of Housing Opportunities Made Equal, which he represented in a landmark redlining discrimination lawsuit against Nationwide Mutual Insurance Co. arising from the company's practices in Richmond.[19][20] Kaine won a $100.5 million verdict in the case; the judgment was overturned on appeal, and Kaine and his colleagues negotiated a $17.5 million settlement.[20]

Kaine did regular pro bono work.[19] In 1988, Kaine started teaching legal ethics as an adjunct professor at the University of Richmond School of Law.[10][18] Kaine taught at the University of Richmond for six years, and his students included future Virginia Attorney General Mark Herring.[18][21] He was a founding member of the Virginia Coalition to End Homelessness.[19]

Kaine had a largely apolitical childhood, but became interested in politics in part due to the influence of his wife's family and his experience attending Richmond city council meetings.[9] In May 1994, Kaine was elected to the city council of the independent city of Richmond,[18] from the City's 2nd District.[22][23] He defeated incumbent city councilman Benjamin P. A. Warthen[10] by 97 votes.[24] Kaine spent four terms on the council, the latter two as mayor.[18][25]

Mayor of Richmond (1998–2001)

On July 1, 1998, Kaine was elected mayor of Richmond, succeeding Larry Chavis.[26][27] He was chosen by an 8-1 vote[24] on the majority-black City Council,[b] becoming the city's first white mayor in more than ten years,[23][25] which was viewed as a surprise.[26] Rudy McCollum, an African American city councilor also interested in the position of mayor, decided to back Kaine after a private meeting between the two, clearing the way for Kaine to win election.[24] Previous mayors had treated the role as primarily a ceremonial one,[28] with the city manager effectively operating the city; Kaine treated the office as a full-time job, taking a more hands-on role.[26]

As mayor, Kaine used a sale-leaseback arrangement to obtain funds to renovate the historic Maggie L. Walker High School and reopen it in 2000 as a magnet governor's school, the Maggie L. Walker Governor's School for Government and International Studies, which "now serves the top students in Central Virginia."[29] Three elementary schools and one middle school were also built in Richmond under Kaine.[30] Along with Commonwealth's Attorney David Hicks, U.S. Attorney James Comey, and Police Chief Jerry Oliver, Kaine was a supporter of Project Exile, which a reporter described as a "controversial but effective program," that shifted gun crimes to federal court, where armed defendants faced harsher sentences.[26] The effort "won broad political support" and the city's homicide rate fell by 55% over Kaine's tenure in office.[31] Kaine later touted Project Exile during his campaign for lieutenant governor in 2001.[30][31]

On several occasions, Kaine voted in opposition to tax increases, and supported a tax abatement program for renovated buildings, which was credited for a housing renovation boom in the city.[26] Richmond was named one of "the 10 best cities in America to do business" by Forbes magazine during Kaine's term.[32]

According to John Moeser, a professor emeritus of urban studies and planning at Virginia Commonwealth University and later a visiting fellow at the University of Richmond's Center for Civic Engagement, during his time as mayor Kaine "was energetic, charismatic and, most important, spoke openly about his commitment to racial reconciliation in Richmond."[26] The New York Times wrote that Kaine "was by all accounts instrumental in bridging the city's racial divide."[20] In the early part of his term, Kaine issued an apology for the city's role in slavery;[30][33] the apology was generally well received as "a genuine, heartfelt expression."[30] In the latter part of his term, a contentious debate took place in the city over the inclusion of a portrait of Confederate general Robert E. Lee in a set of historic murals to be placed on city floodwalls.[24][27] Many African Americans were outraged that Lee would appear on city walls, while Southern heritage groups demanded that Lee's picture remain.[24] Kaine proposed a compromise in which Lee would appear as part of a series of murals that also included figures like Abraham Lincoln and Powhatan Beaty.[24] Kaine's stance drew criticism from the NAACP; Kaine argued that placing Lee on the floodwall made sense in context, and that "Much of our history is not pleasant; you can't whitewash it."[20][27] Kaine's compromise proposal passed the council on a 6-3 vote.[24]

During his tenure as mayor, Kaine drew criticism for spending $6,000 in public funds on buses to the Million Mom March, an anti-gun-violence rally in Washington, D.C.; after a backlash, Kaine raised the money privately and reimbursed the city.[34]

Lieutenant governor of Virginia (2002–2006)

Kaine in an F-14 Tomcat while touring a naval base in 2003

Kaine ran for Lieutenant Governor of Virginia in 2001. Kaine joined the race after state senator Emily Couric dropped out due to pancreatic cancer and endorsed Kaine as her replacement.[35] In the Democratic primary election, Kaine ran against state Delegate Alan A. Diamonstein of Newport News, and state Delegate Jerrauld C. Jones of Norfolk.[36] Kaine won the nomination, garnering 39.7% of the vote to Diamonstein's 31.4% and Jones' 28.9%.[37]

In the general election, Kaine won with 925,974 votes (50.35%), of the vote, edging out his Republican opponent, state Delegate Jay Katzen, who received 883,886 votes (48.06%).[38] Libertarian Gary Reams received 28,783 votes (1.57%).[38]

Kaine was inaugurated on January 12, 2002, and was sworn in by his wife Anne Holton, a state judge.[39]

2005 gubernatorial election

Kaine at the Covington
Labor Day Parade in Virginia, September 4, 2006

In 2005, Kaine ran for governor of Virginia against Republican candidate Jerry W. Kilgore, a former state attorney general. Kaine was considered an underdog for most of the race,[40] trailing in polls for most of the election.[41] Two polls released in September 2005 showed Kaine trailing Kilgore—by four percentage points in a Washington Post poll and by one percentage point in a Mason-Dixon/Roanoke Times poll.[42][43] The final opinion polls of the race before the November election showed Kaine slightly edging ahead of Kilgore.[41][44]

Kaine ultimately prevailed, winning 1,025,942 votes (51.7%) to Kilgore's 912,327 (46.0%).[45] (A third candidate—independent state Senator H. Russell Potts Jr., who ran as an "independent Republican"[46][47]—received 43,953 votes (2.2%)[45]).

Kaine emphasized fiscal responsibility and a centrist message.[43][46] He expressed support for controlling sprawl and tackling longstanding traffic issues, an issue that resonated in the exurbs of northern Virginia.[48] He benefited from his association with the popular outgoing Democratic governor, Mark Warner, who had performed well in traditionally Republican areas of the state.[42] On the campaign trail, Kaine referred to the "Warner-Kaine administration" in speeches and received the strong backing of Warner.[46][49] Kilgore later attributed his defeat to Warner's high popularity and the "plummeting popularity" of Republican President George W. Bush, who held one rally with Kilgore on the campaign's final day.[44]

The campaign turned sharply negative in its final weeks, with Kilgore running television attack ads that claimed, incorrectly, that Kaine believed that "Hitler doesn't qualify for the death penalty."[50] The ads also attacked Kaine for his service ten years earlier as a court-appointed attorney for a death-row inmate.[51] The Republican ad was denounced by the editorial boards of the Washington Post and a number of Virginia newspapers as a "smear" and "dishonest."[50][51][52] Kaine responded with an ad "in which he told voters that he opposes capital punishment but would take an oath and enforce the death penalty. In later polls, voters said they believed Kaine's response and were angered by Kilgore's negative ads."[53]

In the election, Kaine won by large margins in the Democratic strongholds such as Richmond and Northern Virginia's inner suburbs (such as Alexandria and Arlington), as well as in the Democratic-trending Fairfax County.[54][55] Kaine also won Republican-leaning areas in Northern Virginia's outer suburbs, including Prince William County and Loudoun County, where George W. Bush had beat John Kerry in the previous year's presidential election,[54] and performed "surprisingly well in Republican strongholds like Virginia Beach and Chesapeake."[55] Kaine also defeated Kilgore in the burgeoning Richmond suburbs.[54] Kilgore led in southwest Virginia and in the Shenandoah Valley.[54]

Governor of Virginia (2006–2010)

Kaine was sworn in as governor at the colonial Capitol at Williamsburg, on January 14, 2006, the first governor since Thomas Jefferson to be inaugurated there.[18]

Kaine was chairman of the Southern Governors' Association from 2008 to 2009.[56]

Democratic response to State of the Union address

On January 31, 2006, Kaine gave the Democratic response to President George W. Bush's 2006 State of the Union address. In it, Kaine criticized the Bush administration's No Child Left Behind Act for "wreaking havoc on local school districts"; criticized congressional Republicans for cutting student loan programs; and condemned as "reckless" Bush's spending increases and tax cuts.[57] Kaine praised bipartisan initiatives in Virginia "to make record investments in education" and to improve veterans' access to veterans' benefits.[57] Kaine criticized the Bush administration's conduct of the Iraq War and treatment of U.S. soldiers; saying that "the American people were given inaccurate information about reasons for invading Iraq"; "our troops in Iraq were not given the best body armor or the best intelligence"; and "the administration wants to further reduce military and veterans' benefits."[57]

Energy, the environment, and conservation

As governor, Kaine successfully protected 400,000 acres (1,600 km2) of Virginia land from development, fulfilling a promise that he made in 2005.[58][59] Kaine's conservation efforts focused on conservation easements (voluntary easements that preserve the private ownership of a piece of land while also permanently protecting it from development); a substantial Virginia land preservation tax credit encouraged easements.[60] From 2004 to 2009, the Virginia Outdoors Foundation (a quasi-governmental entity set up in 1966 to preserve open land in the state) protected more land than it had in the previous forty years, a fact touted by Kaine as his term drew to a close.[60]

As governor, Kaine established the Climate Change Commission, a bipartisan panel to study climate change issues.[61] The panel was shuttered under Kaine's Republican successor, Governor Robert F. McDonnell, but was revived (as the Governor's Climate Change and Resiliency Update Commission) under his successor, Democratic Governor Terry McAuliffe.[61][62]

In 2008, Kaine supported a coal-fired power plant project in Wise County, clashing with environmentalists who opposed the project.[63][64]

In 2009, Kaine expressed support for tighter restrictions on mountaintop removal coal mining imposed by the Obama administration.[65]

Healthcare and public health

In October 2006, Kaine signed an executive order banning smoking in all government buildings and state-owned cars as of January 1, 2007.[66] He signed legislation banning smoking in restaurants and bars, with some exceptions, in March 2009, making Virginia the first Southern state to do so.[67]

In 2007, the Republican-controlled Virginia General Assembly passed legislation, with "overwhelming bipartisan support," to require girls to receive the HPV vaccine (which immunizes recipients against a virus that causes cervical cancer) before entering high school.[68][69] Kaine expressed "some qualms" about the legislation and pushed for a strong opt-out provision,[68] ultimately signing a bill that included a provision allowing parents to opt out of the requirement without citing a reason.[69]

In 2007, Kaine secured increases in state funding for nursing in the Virginia General Assembly and announced a 10% salary increase for nursing faculty above the normal salary increase for state employees, plus additional funds for scholarships for nursing master's programs. The initiatives were aimed at addressing a shortage of practicing nurses.[70]

Virginia Tech shooting

Following the 2007 Virginia Tech shooting, in which 32 people were killed by Seung-Hui Cho, Kaine appointed an eight-member Virginia Tech Review Panel,[71] chaired by retired Virginia State Police superintendent W. Gerald Massengill, to probe the event.[72][73] The commission members included specialists in psychology, law, forensics and higher education as well as former Secretary of Homeland Security Tom Ridge.[72] The commission first met in May 2007,[72] and issued its findings and recommendations in August 2007.[71] Among other recommendations, the panel proposed many mental health reforms. Based on the panel's recommendations, Kaine proposed $42 million of investment in mental health programs and reforms, included "boosting access to outpatient and emergency mental health services, increasing the number of case managers and improving monitoring of community-based providers."[74] In April 2007, Kaine signed an executive order instructing state agencies to step up efforts to block gun sales to people involuntarily committed to inpatient and outpatient mental health treatment centers.[75] Kaine, who had been in Japan on a trade mission at the time of the shootings, received widespread praise for his quick return to the state and his handling of the issue .[76]

Budget and economy

Among Kaine's greatest challenges as governor came during the 2008–09 economic crisis; the Washington Post wrote that "perhaps his greatest success was keeping the state running despite [the crisis]."[76] In the midst of the Great Recession, unemployment in Virginia remained lower than the national average.[77] During Kaine's tenure as governor, the unemployment rate in Virginia rose from 3.2% to 7.4%, a smaller increase than the national unemployment rate which rose from 4.7% to 9.9% during the same period.[77]

As governor, Kaine approved about $3.31 billion in general fund spending cuts, and after the end of Kaine's term in office, the Virginia General Assembly adopted about $1.33 billion in additional budget cuts that Kaine had recommended, for a total of $4.64 billion in cuts.[78] The Washington Post noted: "Unable to raise taxes and required by law to balance the budget, he was forced to make unpopular cuts that led to such things as shuttered highway rest stops and higher public university tuition."[76] Virginia was one of three states to earn the highest grade in terms of management in a report by the non-partisan Pew Center on the States.[79] Virginia took first place each year from 2006 to 2009 in the "Best States For Business" rankings published by Forbes magazine.[79]

Infrastructure and transportation

Governor Kaine with U.S. Senators
John Warner and George Allen

In July 2007, during the debate on the Silver Line of the Washington Metro through Tysons Corner, Kaine supported an elevated track solution in preference to a tunnel, citing costs and potential delays that would put federal funding at risk.[80]

In 2006, early in his term, Kaine pressed the General Assembly to support a legislative package to ease severe traffic congestion by spending about $1 billion annually for highway construction, repairs to aging roads, mass transit, and other transportation projects. The money would raised through increases in taxes and fees that would have raised an estimated $4 billion in revenue over four years.[81][82][83] The Democratic-controlled Senate supported the plan, but the Republican-controlled House was ultimately unwilling to approve the taxes necessary to carry out the project, however, and the effort failed even after a special session of the Legislature was called over the transportation-funding stalemate.[84][85][86]

In 2007, Republicans in the General Assembly passed their own transportation-funding bill. Rather than a statewide tax increase to finance the transportation improvements, as Kaine and most legislative Democrats favored, the Republican bill called for transportation funding "to come from borrowing $2.5 billion and paying the debt costs out of the general fund"; authorized local tax increase in Northern Virginia; increased fees and taxes on rental cars, commercial real estate, and hotels; and increased traffic infraction fines and driver's licenses fees.[87][88]

Kaine and most legislative Democrats opposed the Republican legislation, stating that it was inadequate to address traffic congestion and that the withdrawal of funds from the general fund would affect core services such as health care, law enforcement, and education.[88][89] Kaine ultimately signed a bill with amendments reflecting "concerns by local government officials and a bipartisan group of lawmakers who were concerned that the plan took too much money from the state's general fund."[90]

Education

In 2008, Kaine backed a $22 million proposal in the Virginia General Assembly to make pre-kindergarten education more accessible to at-risk four-year-olds.[91] Virginia was rated as the best state to raise a child in a 2007 report by Education Week and the Pew Center on the States.[79]

Cabinet and appointments

Kaine made the following appointments to his Virginia Governor's Cabinet:[92]

  • Chief of Staff — William Leighty (2006–2007), Wayne Turnage (2007–2010)
  • Secretary of Administration – Viola Baskerville (2006–2010)
  • Secretary of Agriculture and Forestry – Robert Bloxom (2006–2010)
  • Secretary of Commerce and Trade – Patrick Gottschalk (2006–2010)
  • Secretary of the CommonwealthKatherine Hanley (2006–2010)
  • Secretary of Education – Thomas Morris (2006–2010)
  • Secretary of Finance – Jody Wagner (2006–2008), Richard D. Brown (2008–2010)
  • Secretary of Health and Human Resources – Marilyn Tavenner (2006–2010)
  • Secretary of Natural Resources – Preston Bryant (2006–2010)
  • Secretary of Public Safety – John W. Marshall (2006–2010)
  • Secretary of Technology – Aneesh Chopra (2006–2009), Leonard M. Pomata (2009–2010)
  • Secretary of Transportation – Pierce Homer (2006–2010)
  • Assistant for Commonwealth Preparedness – Robert P. Crouch (2006–2010)
  • Senior Advisor for Workforce – Daniel G. LeBlanc (2006–2010)

As governor, Kaine made a number of appointments to the Virginia state courts. Kaine made two appointments[c] to the Supreme Court of Virginia,[94] naming Chesapeake Circuit Judge S. Bernard Goodwyn to the Court in 2007[96] and Virginia Court of Appeals Judge LeRoy F. Millette, Jr. to the Court in 2008.[93][d]

On September 27, 2007, just weeks after appointing Esam Omeish to the 20-member Virginia Commission on Immigration, Kaine learned that Omeish had made videos accusing Israel of genocide and calling for the impeachment of President Bush.[97] Kaine immediately requested and received Omeish's resignation and said that background checks would be more thorough in the future.[98]

2008 vice presidential speculation

Barack Obama campaigned for
Tim Kaine in 2005 for the
gubernatorial election
.

Kaine announced his support for Senator Obama's presidential bid in February 2007. It was maintained that Kaine's endorsement was the first from a statewide elected official outside of Illinois.[99] Because Kaine was a relatively popular governor of a Southern state, there was media speculation that he was a potential nominee for vice president.[100] Obama had supported Kaine in his campaign for governor and had said about him: "Tim Kaine has a message of fiscal responsibility and generosity of spirit. That kind of message can sell anywhere."[101] On July 28, 2008, Politico reported that Kaine was "very, very high" on Obama's shortlist for vice president,[102] a list which also included then Senator Hillary Clinton of New York, Governor Kathleen Sebelius of Kansas, Senator Evan Bayh of Indiana, and Senator Joe Biden of Delaware.[103] Obama ultimately selected Biden to become the vice-presidential nominee.[104]

Democratic National Committee chair (2009–2011)

In January 2009, Kaine became chair of the Democratic National Committee.[105][e] Kaine had turned down the position the first time it was offered to him, expressing misgivings about accepting a partisan position,[25] but nonetheless took the job at the request of President Obama.[106] He took on the position as chair part-time as he continued his term as governor of Virginia.[107] Kaine's main goals as DNC chair "were protecting the party's seats in Congress during the 2010 midterms and integrating the president's campaign apparatus, Organizing for America, and its technological acumen into the party machinery."[108] In the 2010 midterms, the DNC under Kaine's leadership outraised the Republican National Committee (RNC) by some $30 million.[108] Nevertheless, Democrats lost control of the House and lost seats in the Senate amidst a Tea Party backlash. Kaine was largely not blamed for the losses.[108]

Kaine kept a low profile in the position in comparison to his counterpart, RNC chairman Michael Steele.[107][109] Kaine focused more on fundraising and maintaining party unity than on attacking political opponents.[109]

In February 2011, after Kaine spoke to union leaders in Madison, Organizing for America got involved in Wisconsin's budget battle and opposed Republican-sponsored anti-union legislation. They made phone calls, sent emails, and distributed messages via Facebook and Twitter to build crowds for rallies.[110]

After completing his term as governor in January 2010, Kaine taught part-time at the University of Richmond, teaching a course in spring 2010 at the Jepson School of Leadership Studies and another in fall 2010 at the University of Richmond School of Law.[111][112] Kaine explained that he had chosen to teach at a private university, rather than a public university, "because it would not have been right for a sitting governor to be seeking employment at an institution when he writes the budget and appoints the board of the institution."[113]

United States Senate

2012 election

After Senator Jim Webb's decision not to seek reelection, Kaine announced on April 5, 2011, that he would run for Webb's seat. He was initially reluctant to return to public office, but Webb, Senator Mark Warner, and other Virginia Democrats saw Kaine as the strongest potential Democratic candidate and convinced him to run.[35] Mike Henry was chosen as Kaine's campaign manager.[114] Kaine filmed announcement videos in English and Spanish[115][116] and was unopposed for the Democratic nomination.[117] He defeated former Senator and Governor George Allen in the general election.[118][119]

Tenure

Kaine was sworn in for a six-year term on January 3, 2013, reuniting him with Mark Warner, the senior senator. Kaine was lieutenant governor when Warner was governor of Virginia.

On June 11, 2013, Kaine delivered a speech on the Senate floor in support of the bipartisan "Gang of Eight" immigration bill. The speech was entirely in Spanish, marking the first time a senator had ever made a speech on the Senate floor in a language other than English.[120]

Kaine speaking in 2016

As a member of the Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs, Kaine pushed for a new Congressional authorization of military force for the American operations against Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).[121] Kaine supported the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action with Iran, though he also helped Republican Senator Bob Corker hold a vote on a resolution of disapproval on the deal.[121] Kaine has taken several trips throughout the Middle East, meeting with the leaders of states such as Turkey and Israel.[121]

While in the Senate, Kaine has continued to teach part-time at the University of Richmond, receiving a salary of $16,000 per year.[122]

Kaine voted with his party more than 90% of the time.[123][124] According to the Washington Post, Kaine has "crafted a largely progressive record as a senator."[125] He reportedly has good relations with both Democratic and Republican senators.[126][127][128][129]

Committee assignments and caucuses

In the 113th Congress (2013–15), Kaine was on the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on the Budget, and the Committee on Foreign Relations.[130] In the current (114th) Congress, Kaine is on the same three committees, plus the Special Committee on Aging.[131][132] In July 2013, Kaine was named chairman of the United States Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on Near East, South Asia, Central Asia and Counterterrorism.[133]

Within the Senate Armed Services Committee, Kaine is a member of the Subcommittee on Emerging Threats and Capabilities, the Subcommittee on Readiness and Management Support (for which he is the ranking member), and the Subcommittee on Seapower.[134]

Within the Senate Foreign Affairs Committee, Kaine is a member of the Subcommittee on State Department and USAID Management, International Operations, and Bilateral International Development (for which he is the ranking member), the Subcommittee on Europe and Regional Security Cooperation, the Subcommittee on Near East, South Asia, Central Asia, and Counterterrorism, and the Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere, Transnational Crime, Civilian Security, Democracy, Human Rights and Global Women's Issues.[135]

In January 2014, Kaine, with Republican Senator Rob Portman of Ohio, established the bipartisan Senate Career and Technical Education Caucus (CTE Caucus), which focuses on vocational education and technical education.[136] Kaine and Portman co-chair the caucus.[137][138] In 2014, Kaine and Portman introduced the CTE Excellence and Equity Act to the Senate; the legislation would provide $500 million in federal funding, distributed by competitive grants, to high schools to further CTE programs.[139] The legislation, introduced as an amendment to the omnibus Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006, would promote apprenticeships and similar initiatives.[139]

2016 vice presidential campaign

Clinton/Kaine logo
Kaine at a rally in Manchester, New Hampshire, August 2016.
Kaine speaking at a campaign event in Phoenix, Arizona in November 2016.

Kaine endorsed Hillary Clinton's presidential bid in 2016 and campaigned actively for Clinton in seven states during the primaries. He had been the subject of considerable speculation as a possible running mate for Clinton, with several news reports indicating that he was at or near the top of Clinton's list of people under consideration alongside figures such as Elizabeth Warren and Julian Castro.[140][141]

The New York Times reported that Clinton's husband, former President Bill Clinton, privately backed Kaine as his wife's vice-presidential selection, noting his domestic and national security résumé.[142] On July 22, 2016, she announced Kaine would be her running mate in the election.[143] Clinton introduced Kaine as her choice in a joint appearance at a rally at Florida International University in Miami the following day.[144] The 2016 Democratic National Convention nominated him their vice presidential candidate on July 27, 2016.[145]

Kaine is the first Virginian since Woodrow Wilson to be on a major party's ticket,[146] and is the first Virginian to run for vice president on a major party's ticket since John Tyler in 1840; he is also the first Senator or former Senator from Virginia to be on a major party's ticket since Tyler.[147]

In accordance with longstanding political custom in the U.S., upon being nominated for vice president Kaine publicly released his full tax returns for the last ten years.[148][149] Kaine also publicly released medical records; his physician, Dr. Brian P. Monahan, the Attending Physician of the United States Congress, wrote in a letter that Kaine was "in overall excellent health."[150][151] In September he published a campaign book co-authored with Clinton, Stronger Together.[152]

In Kaine's preparations for the vice presidential debate in October 2016, lawyer Robert Barnett played the role of Republican vice presidential candidate Mike Pence.[153] (During Pence's own debate preparations, Wisconsin governor Scott Walker played the role of Kaine.)[154] The campaign asked Kaine to play the role of "attack dog" against Pence, which "deviated from Kaine’s sunny disposition" as he received negative reviews for consistently interrupting Pence.[155]

Personality and leadership style

About 145,000 emails from Kaine and his staff during his term as governor are publicly accessible from the Library of Virginia. Politico conducted an analysis of the correspondence and wrote that the messages show Kaine to be a "media-savvy" and detail-oriented "micro-manager" who is also a policy "wonk".[156]

According to The New York Times, Kaine "is widely described by people in his political orbit as a likable if less than charismatic figure...guided by moral convictions that flow from his deep Christian faith."[20] Kaine described himself on Meet the Press as "boring."[20][157]

Political positions

In terms of political ideology, FiveThirtyEight gives Kaine an average score of −37 (−100 is the most liberal, and 100 is the most conservative).[158] FiveThirtyEight characterizes him as a "mainstream Democrat" and notes that his ideology score is very similar to that of Vice President Joe Biden.[158] Three conservative groups—the American Conservative Union, the Club for Growth, and Heritage Action—gave Kaine zero percent ratings in the few years before 2016,[159] while the liberal group Americans for Democratic Action gave Kaine a 90% rating in 2014.[160] The New York Times wrote that "in hyperpartisan Washington, he is often seen as a centrist" while also describing him as an "old-fashioned liberal...driven by Jesuit ideals."[20]

Abortion, birth control, and sex education

Kaine, a Roman Catholic, is personally against abortion,[161][162] but is "largely inclined to keep the law out of women's reproductive decisions."[161] Kaine has said: "I'm a strong supporter of Roe v. Wade and women being able to make these decisions. In government, we have enough things to worry about. We don't need to make people's reproductive decisions for them."[163] Kaine supports some legal restrictions on abortion, such as requiring parental consent for minors (with a judicial bypass procedure) and banning late-term abortions in cases where the woman's life is not at risk.[164]

In 2009, Kaine signed a bill to create a "Choose Life" license plate, among the more than 200 Virginia specialty plates already offered, the proceeds of which would partly go to Heartbeat International, a Christian organization that operates anti-abortion crisis pregnancy centers.[165] Planned Parenthood and NARAL Pro-Choice America expressed disappointment in Kaine's decision.[165] Kaine considered such license plate messages a matter of free speech and added that the move was "in keeping with the commonwealth's longtime practice of approving specialty plates with all manner of political and social messages."[165]

Kaine previously criticized the Obama administration for "not providing a 'broad enough religious employer exemption'" in the contraceptive mandate of the Affordable Care Act, but praised a 2012 amendment to the regulations that allowed insurers to provide birth control to employees when an employer was an objecting religious organization.[166]

In 2005, when running for governor, Kaine said he favored reducing abortions by: (1) "Enforcing the current Virginia restrictions on abortion and passing an enforceable ban on partial birth abortion that protects the life and health of the mother"; (2) "Fighting teen pregnancy through abstinence-focused education"; (3) "Ensuring women's access to health care (including legal contraception) and economic opportunity"; and (4) "Promoting adoption as an alternative for women facing unwanted pregnancies."[167]

In 2007, as governor, Kaine cut off state funding for abstinence-only sex education programs, citing studies which showed that such programs were ineffective, while comprehensive sex education programs were more effective.[168] Kaine believes that both abstinence and contraceptives must be taught, and that education should be evidence-based.[168]

As a senator, he has received perfect scores from Planned Parenthood and the abortion-rights advocacy group NARAL.[123][169] He has received a score of zero from the anti-abortion National Right to Life Committee.[169]

Campaign finance

Kaine "strongly disagrees" with the ruling in Citizens United v. FEC (2010).[170] In 2015, Kaine joined a group of Senate Democrats in a letter to Securities and Exchange Commission Chairwoman Mary Jo White that said the ruling "reversed long-standing precedent and has moved our country in a different and disturbing direction when it comes to corporate influence in politics." They urged the SEC to require publicly traded companies to disclose political spending to their shareholders to "increase transparency in the U.S. political process" following the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Citizens United.[170]

Capital punishment

Kaine personally opposes capital punishment, but presided over eleven executions while governor.[171] Kaine said: "I really struggled with [capital punishment] as governor. I have a moral position against the death penalty. But I took an oath of office to uphold it. Following an oath of office is also a moral obligation."[35] During his time in office he commuted one death sentence in June 2008, that of Percy Levar Walton to life imprisonment without parole on grounds of mental incompetence, writing that "one cannot reasonably conclude that Walton is fully aware of the punishment he is about to suffer and why he is to suffer it" and thus executing him would be unconstitutional.[172] Kaine vetoed a number of bills to expand the death sentence to more crimes, saying: "I do not believe that further expansion of the death penalty is necessary to protect human life or provide for public safety needs."[173][174] Some of the vetoes were overridden, while others were sustained.[175][f]

Environment, energy, and climate change

Kaine acknowledges the scientific consensus on climate change, and in a 2014 Senate speech criticized climate change deniers, as well as those who "may not deny the climate science, but ... deny that the U.S. can or should be a leader in taking any steps" to address the issue.[176]

Kaine has expressed concern about sea level rise (a major consequence of climate change),[138] and in particular its effect on coastal Virginia.[176] In 2014, he partnered with two Virginia Republicans—U.S. Representatives Rob Wittman and Scott Rigell—to hold a conference on sea-level rise and "local adaptation efforts to protect military installations in the Hampton Roads area."[138]

Kaine endorses making coal energy production cleaner saying that it is imperative "to convert coal to electricity with less pollution than we do today."[176] He has criticized those who "frame the debate as a conflict between an economy and the environment," saying that "protecting the environment is good for the economy."[176] Kaine co-sponsored the Advanced Clean Coal Technology Investment in Our Nation (ACCTION) Act, legislation to increase investment in clean coal technologies.[177] He voted against passage of legislation to approve the Keystone XL pipeline.[178] Kaine supports the use of hydraulic fracturing (fracking) to harvest natural gas from shale formations. He believes this will reduce carbon pollution.[177] Kaine voted against an amendment, introduced by Sen. Gillibrand (D-N.Y.), that would have repealed a provision in the Energy Policy Act of 2005 that exempts hydraulic fracturing from the underground injection control provisions of the Safe Drinking Water Act. As a result, regulation of hydraulic fracturing remains in the hands of state agencies; the U.S. EPA cannot regulate hydraulic fracturing nor require a federal permit.[179][180] Kaine supports exporting liquid natural gas (LNG) to other countries.[181]

Like his fellow senator from Virginia, Mark Warner, Kaine applauded the U.S. Forest Service's plan to close most, but not all, of the George Washington National Forest to hydraulic fracturing and other horizontal drilling activities.[182]

In 2013, Kaine supported oil and gas exploration off the coast of Virginia, saying, "I have long believed that the moratorium on offshore drilling, based on a cost-benefit calculation performed decades ago, should be re-examined."[183][184] In April 2015, Kaine reiterated his opposition to the moratorium on offshore drilling.[185] In March 2016, Kaine signaled that his position was softening, saying he was "particularly struck by the material objections of the Department of Defense to the incompatibility of drilling with naval operations off Virginia’s coast... I have participated in this debate for over a decade as a governor and member of the Senate Armed Services Committee. The DOD has been relatively quiet during this public debate and has never shared their objections with me before."[185] By August 2016, Kaine stated his support for a ban on offshore drilling, bringing his position in line with that of Hillary Clinton and the Obama administration.[185]

Kaine supports the development of solar energy and offshore wind turbines.[177]

Based on his votes on environmental issues in the Senate, the League of Conservation Voters has given Kaine a 88% score for 2015, and a 91% lifetime score.[138][180]

Financial regulation

Kaine has said that he is "strongly for the regulation of the financial industry," and he supports the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act.[159] In July 2016, Kaine signed a bipartisan letter that "urged the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau to 'carefully tailor its rulemaking' [under Dodd-Frank] regarding community banks and credit unions so as not to 'unduly burden' these institutions with regulations aimed at commercial banks."[159] The letter prompted criticism from progressives who viewed it as anti-regulation.[159][186] Charles Chamberlain, executive director of Democracy for America, called the letter "a lobbyist-driven effort to help banks dodge consumer protection standards and regulations designed to prevent banks from destroying our economy." Kaine responded to the criticism by saying, "it's important you don't treat every financial institution the same. It wasn't credit unions that tanked the economy, it wasn't local community banks that tanked the economy, generally wasn't regional banks that did things that tanked the economy."[159] Kaine also signed a letter urging that a requirement that regional banks report liquidity levels on a daily basis be loosened.[187]

Foreign and defense policy

In the Senate, Kaine has supported the normalization of U.S.–Cuban relations and the international nuclear agreement with Iran.[188]

Kaine expressed support for Israel's right to defend itself during the 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict.[189] Kaine also supported the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen.[190]

Afghanistan

On the issue of the war in Afghanistan, Kaine's website states "The main mission in Afghanistan—destroying Al Qaeda—is nearly complete and we should bring our troops home as quickly as we can, consistent with the need to make sure that Afghanistan poses no danger in the broader region."[191]

War powers

Kaine and Republican Senator John McCain of Arizona introduced the War Powers Consultation Act of 2014,[192] which would replace the War Powers Act of 1973, bringing the Congress back into decisions on the deployment of U.S. military forces.[192] The bill would establish a Congressional Consultation Committee, with which the President would be required to consult regularly regarding significant foreign policy matters; before ordering the deployment of the Armed Forces into a significant armed conflict; and at least every two months for the duration of any significant armed conflict.[192][193] Kaine argued for the bill by citing his "frustration" over the sloppiness of "process and communication over decisions of war", noting that "Presidents tend to overreach and Congress sometimes willingly ducks tough votes and decisions. We all have to do better."[192] Kaine has stated that "war powers questions" are a "personal obsession" of his.[194][195]

Syria, Iraq, and ISIL

In 2014, Kaine argued that the U.S. military intervention against Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), undertaken by President Obama, was unconstitutional without a new congressional authorization for the use of military force against ISIL.[196] In November 2014, at the Halifax International Security Forum, Kaine, together with Senator John McCain, emphasized the necessity of such a congressional authorization, saying: "You just can't have a war without Congress. You can't ask people to risk their lives, risk getting killed, seeing other folks getting killed or injured if Congress isn't willing to do the job to put their thumbprint on this and say, this is a national mission and worth it."[197]

On December 11, 2014, after a five-month campaign by Kaine, the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee approved by 10–8 (straight party lines) a measure authorizing military force against ISIL, but barring the use of ground troops.[198][199] In 2015, Kaine criticized Obama's approach to the Syrian civil war, saying that the establishment of humanitarian no-fly zones would have alleviated the humanitarian crisis in Syria.[200][201]

Guns

Kaine is a gun owner.[188] He has supported expanded background checks for weapons purchases as well as "restrictions on the sale of combat-style weapons and high-capacity magazines."[188][202] As governor, Kaine oversaw the closing of loopholes in Virginia law that allowed some who had failed background checks to purchase guns.[188] In the Senate, Kaine has supported legislation which would require background checks to be performed for weapons sold via gun shows and via the internet.[188] He also supports legislation to bar weapons sales to suspected terrorists on the No Fly List.[188]

Kaine has a 100% rating from the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence[203] and an "F" rating from the NRA.[204]

Healthcare

Kaine supported passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2009 ("Obamacare"), saying in 2012: "I was a supporter and remain a supporter of the Affordable Care Act. I felt like it was a statement that we were going to put some things in the rear-view mirror."[205] In 2013, Kaine said that he agreed that changes to the ACA should be debated, but criticized Republicans for "wrapping them up with the threat" of a federal government shutdown.[206]

Immigration

Kaine supports President Obama's Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) and Deferred Action for Parental Accountability (DAPA) programs,[207] which would allow up to five million undocumented immigrants to gain deferral of deportation and authorization to legally work in the United States.[188] Alongside fellow Virginia senator Mark Warner and many other members of Congress, Kaine signed on to an amicus brief in support of the program in the Supreme Court case of United States v. Texas.[208][209]

Kaine also supports comprehensive immigration reform, which would allow persons illegally present in the U.S. to earn legal status by paying a fine and taxes.[188]

LGBT rights

In 2006, Kaine campaigned against an amendment to the Virginia State Constitution to bar same-sex marriage,[210] and in March 2013, Kaine announced his support of same-sex marriage.[211][212]

In the Senate, Kaine co-sponsored the Employment Non-Discrimination Act, which would bar employment discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation.[213]

In 2005, Kaine said: "No couples in Virginia can adopt other than a married couple — that's the right policy."[214] In 2011, however, Kaine shifted his position.[215] In 2012, he stated that "there should be a license that would entitle a committed couple to the same rights as a married couple."[216]

During the 2016 presidential campaign, Kaine noted that his position on same-sex marriage was "at odds with the current doctrine of the church that I still attend." He predicted that the Roman Catholic Church would someday adopt his view.[217] In response, two bishops heading the doctrine and marriage committees of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops said that the church's position "cannot change" and reaffirmed their opposition to same-sex marriage.[218]

Taxes

Kaine supports allowing the Bush tax cuts to expire for those with incomes above $500,000.[219]

In 2012, Kaine supported raising the cap on income subject for the FICA (Social Security) payroll tax "so that it covers a similar percentage of income as it did in the 1980s under President Reagan, which would greatly extend the solvency of the (Social Security) program."[220]

In the Senate, Kaine has supported the Marketplace Fairness Act, which would allow states to require online retailers to collect sales taxes in the same manner as traditional brick-and-mortar retailers.[221][222][223]

Trade

Kaine supported granting President Obama Trade Promotion Authority (TPA or "fast track") to allow him to negotiate free trade agreements.[224] Kaine stated that the goal should be to "negotiate deals that protect workers' rights, environmental standards and intellectual property, while knocking down tariffs and other barriers that some countries erect to keep American products out."[224]

In July 2016, Kaine said that the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement was "an improvement of the status quo" in terms of it being an "upgrade of labor standards... environmental standards... intellectual property protections", but maintained that he had not yet decided how to vote on final approval of the agreement, citing "significant concerns" over TPP's dispute resolution mechanism.[225] Later that July, Kaine said that he could not support the TPP in its current form.[226]

Kaine has been a proponent of NAFTA.[227]

Transportation and growth

Kaine supports some smart growth-style policies (which Kaine calls "a balanced approach to growth") to control sprawl and improve transportation.[228] He favors a transportation policy that includes public transit, bicycles, and pedestrians.[229] As governor, Kaine pushed through a $100 million open-space acquisition initiative.[229] Under Kaine, Amtrak service in Virginia was expanded.[230][231][232] Kaine also participated in a White House roundtable discussion on high-speed rail in 2009.[230]

Workers' rights and gender equality

Kaine is "generally pro-union" and has received a 96 percent lifetime Senate voting rating from the AFL-CIO,[138] which praised his selection as vice presidential nominee.[233] However, Kaine supports Virginia's longstanding "right-to-work" law, which "frees union nonmembers from any legal obligation to pay fees to a union that bargains collectively on their behalf".[138]

Kaine supports the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act, which expands the cases in which worker can sue against gender pay discrimination.[234] Following his selection by Clinton as a running mate in 2016, Kaine was praised by the National Organization for Women.[233][235]

Kaine favors an increase in the minimum wage.[138]

Electoral history

Virginia Senate Election 2012[236]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Tim Kaine 2,010,067 52.9
Republican George Allen 1,785,542 47.0
Virginia Gubernatorial Election 2005
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Tim Kaine 1,025,942 51.7
Republican Jerry Kilgore 912,327 46.0
Virginia Lieutenant Governor Election 2001
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Tim Kaine 925,974 50.4
Republican Jay K. Katzen 883,886 48.0
Libertarian Gary Reams 28,783 1.6
Virginia Lieutenant Governor Democratic Primary Election 2001
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tim Kaine 64,008 39.7
Democratic Alan Diamonstein 50,753 31.5
Democratic Jerrauld C. Jones 46,640 28.9

Personal life

Anne Holton in 2016

In November 1984, Kaine married Anne Bright Holton, the daughter of A. Linwood Holton Jr., who was the Republican governor of Virginia from 1970 to 1974.[5][237] The couple met while they were both students at Harvard Law School.[17] Holton has been a judge for the Virginia Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Court in Richmond.[238] After being first lady of Virginia during her husband's term, she was appointed by Governor Terry McAuliffe in January 2014 to be Virginia's secretary of education,[238][239] and held that position until July 2016, when she stepped down after her husband was named as the Democratic vice presidential candidate.[240] The couple has three children:[18] Nat (b. 1990), Woody (b. 1992), and Annella (b. 1995).[10] Nat, the eldest son, is a United States Marine.[20][241] Kaine and his wife have been congregants of the St. Elizabeth Catholic Church in Richmond, a mostly black congregation, for 30 years.[241][242]

He has played the harmonica for over twenty years,[243][244] and often travels with several.[20]

Kaine is fluent in Spanish as a result of his nine months in Honduras.[16]

Awards and honors

Kaine has received the Humanitarian Award from the Virginia Center for Inclusive Communities, then the Virginia Region of the National Conference for Community and Justice (2000),[245] the Virginia Council of Churches' Faith in Action Award (2009),[246] the University of Richmond School of Law's William Green Award for Professional Excellence (2012),[247] the Appalachian Trail Conservancy's Congressional Award (2015),[248] and the Center for the National Interest's Distinguished Service Award (2016).[249]

Notes

  1. ^ Many news reports say that Kaine worked in Honduras as part of the Jesuit Volunteer Corps,[12][14] a U.S.-based organization that did not sponsor overseas programs until 1984.[15] By his own account, while a high school student in 1974 Kaine visited a Jesuit mission in Honduras that had ties to his Jesuit high school. In 1980, after completing his first year of law school and without the support of any organization, he contacted that mission and arranged to work at its vocational training school as a volunteer teacher.[13]
  2. ^ Until 2004, the mayor of Richmond was chosen by the city council from among its membership; under the present system, the mayor is chosen by popular vote.[23]
  3. ^ The Virginia Constitution gives the Virginia General Assembly the power to appoint state judges, but gives the governor of Virginia to power to make judicial appointments when the General Assembly is out of session.[93][94] Once the General Assembly convenes, it has thirty days to confirm the appointments; if it does not, the seats become vacant.[95] The General Assembly typically confirms the governor's choices, as it did with both of Kaine's appointments.[93][94]
  4. ^ Millette was formerly a Prince William County Circuit Judge whom Kaine had previously elevated to the Court of Appeals of Virginia via an interim appointment. Nine months later, Kaine elevated Millette to the Supreme Court via an interim appointment.[93][94]
  5. ^ Introducing Kaine, President Obama refers repeatedly to the "chairman" (not "chair"), of the Democratic National Committee.
  6. ^ Virginia remains second only to Texas in the number of executions since capital punishment was reinstated in 1976.[35]

References

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  4. ^ a b O'Dowd, Niall (April 8, 2016). "Five Irish Americans who could be Hillary Clinton's running mate". IrishCentral. Retrieved August 18, 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "From the RTD archives: Wedding announcement of Tim Kaine and Anne Holton". Richmond Times-Dispatch. July 21, 2016;  reprinting of announcement originally published on November 25, 1984.
  6. ^ Deignan, Tom. "Kaine's Strong Irish Roots". Irish America (August September 2016). Retrieved August 18, 2016. 
  7. ^ Roche, Barry (August 18, 2016). "Genealogist finds Tim Kaine also has Irish roots in Cork". Retrieved August 24, 2016. 
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  38. ^ a b Elections Database: 2001 Lieutenant Governor General Election, Virginia Department of Elections.
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  40. ^ Haddock, Vicki (November 5, 2006). "Democrats Get Religion: Left-leaning politicians have a come-to-Jesus moment, bringing their faith out of the closet to challenge conservatives' claimed moral hegemony". San Francisco Chronicle. One of the few marquee Democratic victors in 2005 was Virginia Gov. Tim Kaine, an underdog.... 
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  45. ^ a b Elections Database: 2005 Governor General Election, Virginia Department of Elections.
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  47. ^ Helderman, Rosalind S.; Jenkins, Chris L. (February 26, 2005). "Independent Republican' Potts Joins Race in Va.". The Washington Post. 
  48. ^ Shear, Michael D. (October 18, 2005). "AR Kaine Sounds Slow-Growth Note in Exurbs". The Washington Post. 
  49. ^ Michael D. Shear, Democrat Kaine Wins in Virginia, The Washington Post (November 9, 2005) ("From the beginning, Kaine's strategy was to target voters who like Warner. He repeatedly took credit for the accomplishments of the 'Warner-Kaine administration,' and he appeared frequently with the governor.").
  50. ^ a b No Death Penalty For Hitler? GOP Ad Goes Too Far, FactCheck.org, Annenberg Public Policy Center (October 19, 2005).
  51. ^ a b Editorial: Death Penalty Smear, The Washington Post (October 12, 2005).
  52. ^ Editorial: "Death penalty demagoguery," The Roanoke Times (October 13, 2005).
  53. ^ Michael D. Shear, Democrat Kaine Wins in Virginia, The Washington Post (November 9, 2005); see also GOP Wake-Up Call, The Wall Street Journal (November 10, 2005) ("Mr. Kilgore's nonstop death-penalty demagoguery might have backfired with social conservatives who saw a man being attacked for his religious beliefs"), James Dao, Democrat Wins Race for Governor in Virginia, The New York Times (November 9, 2005) ("Mr. Kilgore may have hurt himself by running negative advertisements attacking Mr. Kaine's positions on the death penalty, taxes and illegal immigration. According to some political analysts and polls, those advertisements alienated many independent voters.").
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  55. ^ a b James Dao, Democrat Wins Race for Governor in Virginia, The New York Times (November 9, 2005).
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  77. ^ a b John W. Schoen, Possible Hillary VP pick Tim Kaine brings solid economic record, CNBC (July 22, 2016).
  78. ^ Warren Fiske, Tim Kaine says he cut $5 billion in spending as governor, PolitiFact (October 24, 2012).
  79. ^ a b c Jacob Geiger (April 7, 2011). "Tim Kaine says Virginia named best managed state, best for business while he was governor". PolitiFact. 
  80. ^ MacGillis, Alec (September 7, 2006). "No Tunnel For Tysons, Kaine Says". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 4, 2016. 
  81. ^ Sean Gorman (July 28, 2016). "Donald Trump says Tim Kaine proposed $4 billion tax increase during first week as governor". PolitiFact. Six days after taking office in January 2006, Kaine proposed an unsuccessful measure to raise $1 billion a year to deal with long-standing transportation woes. Trump's campaign points to a next-day article in The Washington Post that said the plan would generate close to $4 billion by the time Kaine’s term ended in 2010. Kaine wanted to raise taxes on auto insurance and vehicle purchases in addition to increasing car registration fees. 
  82. ^ Robert Farley (August 5, 2016). "Kaine vs. Pence on Unemployment". FactCheck.org. Annenberg Public Policy Center. Not long after taking office, Kaine proposed higher taxes on auto insurance and purchases, as well as higher fees for car registration and stiffer fines for driving offenses. The Washington Post estimated the higher taxes and fees would raise revenue of $1 billion a year, or $4 billion total over the four years of Kaine’s term. The extra money would have been earmarked to ease the state's transportation woes — going to mass transit, highway construction and road projects. 
  83. ^ Michael D. Shear & Rosalind S. Helderman, Va. Leaders Push Increase In Taxes, Fees To Aid Roads, Washington Post (January 21, 2006): "Kaine ... and a bipartisan group of state senators offered competing proposals Friday to raise taxes and fees, with each plan generating close to $4 billion by 2010, to relieve the state's congested transportation network. ... Kaine is seeking higher taxes on auto insurance and the purchase of a car as well as stiffer fees for car registration and driving offenses. With nearly $1 billion more to spend each year, the new governor said, he can double the state's support for mass transit, increase highway construction by 90 percent and revive stalled road projects. The money would help build a connected network of carpool or express toll lanes on all of Northern Virginia's major highways, buy rail cars for Virginia Railway Express and Metro, widen Interstates 95 and 66, and fix traffic bottlenecks."
  84. ^ Michael D. Shear, Kaine Tries to Steer Support for Traffic Budget, The Washington Post (March 29, 2006).
  85. ^ Corey Dade, Kaine's Versatile Appeal Gives Him a Shot to Run With Obama, The Wall Street Journal (August 1, 2008).
  86. ^ Va. Gov. Kaine Calls Special Session to Address Transportation Funding, Insurance Journal (March 13, 2006).
  87. ^ Shear, Michael D.; Craig, Tim (February 24, 2007). "Va. GOP Lawmakers Hammer Out Transportation Bill". The Washington Post. 
  88. ^ a b Shear, Michael D.; Gardner, Amy (February 25, 2007). "Va. House, Senate Approve Roads Bill". The Washington Post. 
  89. ^ Michael D. Shear, Kaine Warns Lawmakers About Transit Bill, The Washington Post (February 23, 2007).
  90. ^ Final Endorsement of Road Funding, Albeit With Tepid Praise and Regret, The Washington Post (April 5, 2007).
  91. ^ Tim Kaine Official Website (August 6, 2008). "Southside Child Development Tour". Commonwealth of Virginia. Retrieved August 6, 2008. 
  92. ^ "A Guide to the Governor Timothy M. Kaine, Executive Office-Chief of Staff, Records, 2006–2009". Library of Virginia. 
  93. ^ a b c d Jerry Markon, Sniper Judge Takes Seat on Virginia Supreme Court, Washington Post (August 28, 2008).
  94. ^ a b c d Alicia Petska, Kaine: Plan to oust Va. Supreme Court appointee is worrisome, Roanoke Times (August 9, 2015)
  95. ^ Julian Walker & Michelle Washington, Norfolk's Judge Griffith won't be reappointed, Pilot-Virginian (March 11, 2008).
  96. ^ Walker, Julian (February 9, 2008). "Lawmakers confirm judges' appointments". Virginian-Pilot. 
  97. ^ "Virginia Governor Tim Kaine Accepts Resignation of Controversial Appointee". Fox News Channel. September 27, 2007. Retrieved July 24, 2016. 
  98. ^ "Immigration official resigns after 'jihad' remark". Associated Press. September 27, 2007. Retrieved July 24, 2016. 
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  100. ^ "Sources: Bayh, Kaine out of Obama's VP race – Politics". Associated Press. August 22, 2008. Retrieved October 2, 2010. 
  101. ^ Bellantoni, Christina (August 3, 2008). "Vetting Obama's 'man'". The Washington Times. 
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  103. ^ "Running Mates". The New York Times. Retrieved May 25, 2010. 
  104. ^ "Obama introduces Biden as running mate". CNN. August 23, 2008. Retrieved May 25, 2010. 
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  110. ^ Dennis, Brady; Wallsten, Peter (February 18, 2011). "Obama joins Wisconsin's budget battle, opposing Republican anti-union bill". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 27, 2012. 
  111. ^ Governor Kaine to Teach at Law School (press release), University of Richmond (March 27, 2010).
  112. ^ Virginia Gov. Timothy M. Kaine to resume teaching career in law and leadership at University of Richmond after end of his term in January 2010 (press release), University of Richmond (November 5, 2009).
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  120. ^ Peralta, Eyder (June 13, 2013). "With A Speech In Spanish, Tim Kaine Makes Senate History". NPR. Retrieved June 12, 2013. 
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  127. ^ Whitesides, John; Becker, Amanda (July 23, 2016). "Clinton picks Kaine, able governing partner, as running mate". Reuters. Retrieved July 23, 2016. 
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  129. ^ Firozi, Paulina (July 23, 2016). "Vulnerable GOP senators praise Kaine". The Hill. Retrieved July 23, 2016. 
  130. ^ S. Pub.113-12: 2013–2014 Official Congressional Director: 113th Congress: Convened January 3, 2013, Joint Committee on Printing/U.S. Government Printing Office, p. 273.
  131. ^ Committee Assignments of the 114th Congress, United States Senate.
  132. ^ Committee Assignments, Office of U.S. Senator Tim Kaine (accessed July 22, 2016).
  133. ^ "Kaine Named Chairman Of Foreign Relations Subcommittee on the Middle East" (Press release). Office of U.S. Senator Tim Kaine. July 29, 2013. 
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  135. ^ Committee Membership List: Committee on Foreign Affairs, United States Senate (accessed July 22, 2016).
  136. ^ Kaine, Portman Announce Career & Technical Education Caucus (press release), Office of U.S. Senator Tim Kaine (January 30, 2014).
  137. ^ Policy and Advocacy: House/Senate CTE Caucus (accessed July 22, 2016).
  138. ^ a b c d e f g Jeremy Herb, Kaine on the issues: Not always taking the party line, Politico (July 23, 2016).
  139. ^ a b Jim Nolan, Kaine to introduce legislation on high school career and technical education, Richmond Times-Dispatch (March 16, 2016).
  140. ^ "Sources: Kaine rises to top of Clinton's veep list". politico.com. June 23, 2016. Retrieved June 23, 2016. 
  141. ^ Zeleny, Jeff; Merica, Dan (June 21, 2016). "Clinton closing in on running mate search". CNN. Retrieved June 21, 2016. 
  142. ^ "Bill Clinton Said to Back Virginia's Tim Kaine for Vice President". The New York Times. Retrieved July 20, 2016. 
  143. ^ Chozick, Amy (July 22, 2016). "Hillary Clinton Selects Tim Kaine, a Centrist Senator From a Swing State, as Running Mate". The New York Times. Retrieved July 22, 2016. 
  144. ^ Mazzei, Patricia; Sherman, Amy; Daugherty, Alex (July 23, 2016). "At FIU, Kaine joins Clinton on stage for first time as VP pick". The Miami Herald. Retrieved July 23, 2016. 
  145. ^ Keneally, Meghan; Struyk, Ryan (July 27, 2016). "Tim Kaine Nominated as the Democratic Vice Presidential Candidate". ABC News. Retrieved July 27, 2016. 
  146. ^ Ben Geier, Tim Kaine Finally Brings Glory to Old Virginia as Clinton's VP Pick, Fortune (July 22, 2016).
  147. ^ Schapiro, Jeff (July 20, 2016). "Schapiro: Don't underestimate Tim Kaine, say ex-foes Jerry Kilgore, George Allen". Richmond Times-Dispatch. Retrieved July 22, 2016. 
  148. ^ Presidential Tax Returns, Tax History Project, Tax Analysts (accessed September 14, 2016).
  149. ^ Steve Eder & Kitty Bennett, Hillary Clinton and Tim Kaine Show New Tax Returns, Pressuring Donald Trump, New York Times (August 12, 2016).
  150. ^ Burgess Everett, Kaine releases health records, 'Politico (September 14, 2016).
  151. ^ Hillary Clinton, Tim Kaine release additional medical information while Donald Trump defies decades-old tradition of disclosure, Hillary for America (September 14, 2016).
  152. ^ Edelman, Adam (September 6, 2016). "Hillary Clinton, Tim Kaine release campaign book titled 'Stronger Together'". New York Daily News. Retrieved October 2, 2016. 
  153. ^ Annie Karni, Exclusive: Robert Barnett to play Mike Pence in Tim Kaine debate prep, Politico (September 17, 2016).
  154. ^ Mike Allen, Exclusive: Here's who's playing Tim Kaine in GOP debate prep, Politico (September 17, 2016).
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  160. ^ 2014 Congressional Voting Record, ADA Today (Americans for Democratic Action).
  161. ^ a b Ed Kilgore, Tim Kaine and the Evolution of Pro-Choice Politics, New York (June 23, 2016).
  162. ^ Samuelsohn, Darren; Strauss, Daniel (June 4, 2016). "Tim Kaine's abortion predicament". Politico. 
  163. ^ Manu Raju, Tim Kaine: 'I'm a strong supporter of Roe v. Wade', CNN (July 15, 2016).
  164. ^ "Kaine: Keep Roe, Hussein Needed to Go". Political Radar. ABC News. July 31, 2008. Retrieved July 31, 2008. 
  165. ^ a b c Kumar, Anita (March 31, 2009). "Kaine Signs Bill to Create 'Choose Life' Plate". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved July 26, 2016. 
  166. ^ Strauss, Daniel (February 10, 2012). "Tim Kaine praises Obama on changing contraception rule". The Hill. 
  167. ^ "On the Issues: Abortion". Tim Kaine for Governor. October 2005. Archived from the original on October 16, 2005. Retrieved May 28, 2016. 
  168. ^ a b Tim Craig, Abstinence-Only Sex-Ed Funds Cut Off by Kaine, The Washington Post (November 13, 2007).
  169. ^ a b "The Voter's Self Defense System". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved July 23, 2016. 
  170. ^ a b "Warner, Kaine Push SEC To Require Public Companies To Disclose Their Political Spending To Shareholders" (Press release). Office of U.S. Senator Tim Kaine. August 31, 2015. 
  171. ^ Stolberg, Sheryl Gay; Kaplan, Thomas (July 23, 2016). "On Death Penalty Cases, Tim Kaine Revealed Inner Conflict". The New York Times'. 
  172. ^ Markon, Jerry (June 10, 2008). "Va. Governor Commutes Death Sentence". The Washington Post. 
  173. ^ Sandhya Somashekhar, Kaine Vetoes Death Penalty Expansion, The Washington Post (March 27, 2007).
  174. ^ Harry Minium, Kaine vetoes five bills that would expand death penalty, Virginian-Pilot (March 27, 2007).
  175. ^ Hardy, Michael; Shapiro, Jeff E. (April 5, 2007). "Assembly overrides, upholds Kaine vetoes on death penalty". Richmond Times-Dispatch. 
  176. ^ a b c d Kaine: Solution To Climate Change Is American Innovation, Office of Senator Tim Kaine (March 11, 2014).
  177. ^ a b c Staff. "Tim Kaine Senate Website – Energy". Retrieved July 21, 2016. 
  178. ^ Staff. "Kaine Statement On Passage Of Keystone XL Pipeline Legislation". Retrieved July 21, 2016. 
  179. ^ Soraghan, Mike (January 29, 2015). "Senate votes to keep 'Halliburton loophole'; regulation stays with states". EnergyWire. 
  180. ^ a b Staff. "National Environmental Scorecard – Tim Kaine". League of Conservation Voters. Retrieved July 23, 2016. 
  181. ^ Staff (January 7, 2015). "Kaine Introduces Bipartisan Bill To Streamline American LNG Exports". Retrieved July 23, 2016. 
  182. ^ Stuart, Bob (November 18, 2014). "Kaine, Warner praise George Washington forest fracking decision". Waynesboro News Virginian. 
  183. ^ Staff. "Tim Kaine Senate Website – Kaine Statement On Atlantic Oil Drilling Announcement". Retrieved July 21, 2016. 
  184. ^ "U.S. Sens. Warner, Kaine introduce bill to let offshore drilling start in 2020". Retrieved July 23, 2016. 
  185. ^ a b c "Kaine reverses stance on offshore drilling". Retrieved August 30, 2016. 
  186. ^ Rushton, Christine (July 22, 2016). "Liberals rip into Sen. Tim Kaine over letter that they see as pro-banking". Los Angeles Times. 
  187. ^ Gearan, Anne (July 21, 2016). "Liberals criticize Kaine for supporting regulations pushed by banks". The Washington Post. 
  188. ^ a b c d e f g h Shepherd, Katie; Rappeport, Alan (July 22, 2016). "How Tim Kaine and Hillary Clinton Compare on the Issues". The New York Times. 
  189. ^ "Moderate Kaine toes a fine line on Israel issues". The Times of Israel. July 23, 2016. 
  190. ^ "Saudi Arabia Gets Bipartisan Backing for Yemen Airstrikes". U.S. News. March 27, 2015. 
  191. ^ "Tim Kaine for U.S. Senate". Kaineforva.com. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  192. ^ a b c d Ryan Evans (February 10, 2014). "5 Questions with Senator Tim Kaine on War Powers and National Defense". War on the Rocks. 
  193. ^ "War Powers Consultation Act of 2014". Retrieved July 23, 2016. 
  194. ^ Tim Kaine (September 23, 2014). "A Better Approach to War Powers". PRISM Magazine. National Defense University. 
  195. ^ Leahy, Norman; Goldman, Paul (July 22, 2016). "From the archive: Tim Kaine probably is at the top of everyone's VP list". The Washington Post;  republishing post of October 14, 2014.
  196. ^ Meg Anderson (July 23, 2016). "Where Tim Kaine and Hillary Clinton Stand On Key Issues". NPR. 
  197. ^ Tim Mak (November 22, 2014). "Politics End In Halifax As Democratic and GOP Senators Seek Common Ground on National Security". The Daily Beast. Retrieved October 28, 2015. 
  198. ^ Mali, Meghashyam (December 11, 2014). "Senate panel approves ISIS measure barring ground troops". The Hill. 
  199. ^ Bradner, Eric (February 8, 2015). "Senators: No ground troops against ISIS". CNN. 
  200. ^ Beauchamp, Zack (July 23, 2016). "Tim Kaine, Hillary Clinton's VP pick, told us why he wants the US doing more in Syria". Vox. Retrieved July 23, 2016. 
  201. ^ Kaine, Tim (October 31, 2015). "Sen. Tim Kaine Criticizes Obama's Syria Strategy". Weekend Edition Saturday. Interview with Scott Simon. NPR. 
  202. ^ Stein, Sam (May 25, 2011). "Kaine Throws Support Behind Gun Control Measure As White House Remains Silent". The Huffington Post. Retrieved July 22, 2016. 
  203. ^ Lima, Cristiano; White, Ben (July 22, 2016). "Kaine unveiling draws mixed reviews from liberals". Politico. 
  204. ^ Broverman, Neal (July 22, 2016). "Hillary Clinton's VP: Time Kaine". The Advocate. Retrieved July 22, 2016. 
  205. ^ Jerrita Patterson (October 8, 2012). "Allen, Kaine to square off in hotly contested Senate debate". WTVR. 
  206. ^ Seung Min Kim, Kaine: Let's have Obamacare debate – but not now, Politico (September 29, 2013).
  207. ^ Jessica Weiss, Tim Kaine, fluent Spanish speaker, is Clinton's VP pick, Univision News (July 22, 2016).
  208. ^ Stephen Igo, Warner, Kaine support Obama's immigration actions, Kingsport Times-News (December 4, 2015).
  209. ^ Warner, Kaine Join Supreme Court Amicus Brief Demonstrating Congressional Support For Immigration Executive Actions (press release), Office of U.S. Senator Tim Kaine (March 8, 2016).
  210. ^ Jenkins, Chris L. (November 8, 2006). "Ban on Same-Sex Unions Added to Va. Constitution". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved July 24, 2016. 
  211. ^ Weiner, Rachel (March 28, 2013). "What you might have missed from gay marriage's big week". The Washington Post. 
  212. ^ Reese, Phil (March 26, 2013). "Kaine, two more U.S. senators back marriage equality". Washington Blade. 
  213. ^ Kaine Statement on Final Passage of the Employment Non-Discrimination Act (press release), Office of Senator Tim Kaine (November 7, 2013).
  214. ^ Marc, Fisher (March 1, 2005). "Kaine-Kilgore Race Will Be Waged on GOP's Chosen Turf". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 19, 2012. 
  215. ^ Geiger, Jacob (May 27, 2011). "On whether judges should be allowed to place children with gay couples who wish to adopt.". PolitiFact. 
  216. ^ Pershing, Ben (May 8, 2012). "Tim Kaine pressed on gay marriage stance". The Washington Post. 
  217. ^ Wagner, John (September 10, 2016). "Kaine predicts Catholic church will change its teaching on gay marriage". Washington Post. Retrieved September 18, 2016. 
  218. ^ Roewe, Brian (September 14, 2016). "US bishops squelch Tim Kaine's hopes that church may embrace same-sex marriage". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved September 18, 2016. 
  219. ^ Pershing, Ben (October 8, 2012). "In Va. Senate race, anti-Kaine message focuses more on taxes, less on Obama". The Washington Post. 
  220. ^ Sausser, Lauren (October 12, 2012). "Tim Kaine Answers Your Questions". Archived from the original on June 5, 2016. Retrieved May 4, 2016. 
  221. ^ David Ress, Roanoke leaders talk to Kaine about online sales tax, Postal Service, Roanoke Times (May 2, 2013).
  222. ^ Jacob Geiger, Legislation on Internet sales tax is big for Va.: Bill in U.S. Senate could produce $168M for roads projects here, Richmond Times-Dispatch (April 29, 2013).
  223. ^ Aaron Martin, Tim Kaine frustrated by stalled internet sales tax bill, WSLS (July 29, 2013).
  224. ^ a b Tim Kaine, Virginia Is a Global Gateway, Richmond Times-Dispatch (May 16, 2015).
  225. ^ Jilani, Zaid (July 21, 2016). "Hours Before Hillary Clinton's VP Decision, Likely Pick Tim Kaine Praises the TPP". The Intercept. Retrieved July 22, 2016. 
  226. ^ Palmer, Doug (July 23, 2016). "Kaine comes out against Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal". Politico. Retrieved July 23, 2016. 
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  230. ^ a b Peter Bacque, "High-speed rail line would include various stops in Va.," Richmond Times-Dispatch (June 4, 2009).
  231. ^ Sarah Krouse, Amtrak to provide commuter service to Richmond, Lynchburg, Washington Business Journal (June 5, 2009).
  232. ^ Yonah Freemark, A Bipartisan Push for Rail in Virginia Produces Ridership Successes, The Transport Politic (June 18, 2012).
  233. ^ a b Schleifer, Theodore; Lim, Naomi (July 22, 2016). "Labor, abortion rights groups praise Kaine pick". CNN. 
  234. ^ Dave Ress (January 29, 2014). "Kaine pushes paycheck fairness act". Daily Press. 
  235. ^ Alex Seitz-Wald, Hillary Clinton Opts for Experience Over Exhilaration in Tim Kaine Pick, NBC News (July 22, 2016).
  236. ^ "November 6, 2012 General Election Official Results". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved December 14, 2012. 
  237. ^ "Tim Kaine on his 'political hero,' father-in-law Linwood Holton". C-SPAN.org. Retrieved October 4, 2016. 
  238. ^ a b Vozzella, Laura (January 3, 2014). "McAuliffe picks Anne Holton for Va. education secretary". Washington Post'. 
  239. ^ Balingit, Moriah; Brown, Emma (July 22, 2016). "Meet Tim Kaine's wife, a longtime child welfare advocate and Virginia's secretary of education". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 23, 2016. 
  240. ^ Moriah Balingit, Anne Holton, wife of Clinton’s running mate, resigns as Va.'s education secretary, Washington Post (July 26, 2016).
  241. ^ a b Alan Suderman, Self-assured, Kaine brings a steady hand to Clinton ticket, Associated Press (July 22, 2016).
  242. ^ "Tim Kaine: Everything You Need to Know". ABC News. July 22, 2016. Retrieved July 23, 2016. 
  243. ^ Gangitano, Alex (March 17, 2016). "Tim Kaine's Secret Weapon: The Harmonica". Roll Call. 
  244. ^ Heim, Joe (May 28, 2015). "Tim Kaine still gets inspired by people. Just don't ask him to run for president". The Washington Post. 
  245. ^ Richmond Past Honorees (website), Virginia Center for Inclusive Communities (Retrieved July 23, 2016).
  246. ^ Virginia Council of Churches honors Gov. Tim Kaine and Bishop Peter James Lee, The Progress-Index (May 23, 2009).
  247. ^ Green Award honors Anne Holton and Tim Kaine, University of Richmond School of Law (March 1, 2012).
  248. ^ Senators Kelly Ayotte and Tim Kaine Receive Appalachian Trail Conservancy Congressional Award, Appalachian Trail Conservancy (2015).
  249. ^ 2016 Distinguished Service Award Dinner Honoring Senators Tim Kaine and Pat Roberts, Center for the National Interest (May 23, 2016).

Further reading

Senator
Governor

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Larry Chavis
Mayor of Richmond
1998–2001
Succeeded by
Rudy McCollum
Preceded by
John H. Hager
Lieutenant Governor of Virginia
2002–2006
Succeeded by
Bill Bolling
Preceded by
Mark Warner
Governor of Virginia
2006–2010
Succeeded by
Bob McDonnell
Party political offices
Preceded by
Lewis F. Payne, Jr.
Democratic nominee for Lieutenant Governor of Virginia
2001
Succeeded by
Leslie Byrne
Preceded by
Mark Warner
Democratic nominee for Governor of Virginia
2005
Succeeded by
Creigh Deeds
Preceded by
Howard Dean
Chair of the Democratic National Committee
2009–2011
Succeeded by
Donna Brazile
Acting
Preceded by
Jim Webb
Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Virginia
(Class 1)

2012
Most recent
Preceded by
Joe Biden
Democratic nominee for Vice President of the United States
2016
United States Senate
Preceded by
Jim Webb
United States Senator (Class 1) from Virginia
2013–present
Served alongside: Mark Warner
Incumbent
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Angus King
United States Senators by seniority
81st
Succeeded by
Ted Cruz