Timothy Knapp House and Milton Cemetery
Timothy Knapp House and Milton Cemetery
Knapp House, Rye, New York
|Location||265 Rye Beach Ave. and Milton Rd., Rye, New York|
|NRHP Reference #||82003413|
|Added to NRHP||June 14, 1982|
Timothy Knapp House and Milton Cemetery is a historic district at 265 Rye Beach Avenue and Milton Road in Rye, New York.
The earliest part of the Timothy Knapp House was built around 1670, and the site was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.
The Timothy Knapp House is considered the oldest residential property in Westchester County, New York, having been built in the 1660s. The property has been owned by only 5 families between 1663 and 1992, when it was acquired by the Rye Historical Society. The Milton Cemetery, across the Street from the Knapp House, is Rye's first public burying ground. The house, surrounding gardens and adjacent Milton Cemetery are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Thomas Studwell, one of the original settlers of the village of Rye, New York built a house on the Rye Beach Ave. property in 1663. At the time, the town of Rye was part of Connecticut. He traded houses with Timothy Knapp of Stamford, CT, who then built the foundations of the current structure as a two-room residence between 1667 and 1670. Knapp was the deputy to the General Court in Hartford, Connecticut, as a Town Constable and Tax Collector. He was also a vestryman of the Grace Episcopalian Church.
Ezekiel Halsted, a wealthy landowner originally from Long Island, purchased the property from Timothy Knapp’s sons in 1746. He expanded the house, adding a second floor using "post-and-beam" construction with a sloping roof in the back containing a dining room and kitchen, which gave the house the distinctive saltbox architecture. Beams are hand-hewn, and some retain their original bark. The house has cellar walls reinforced with lime made from crushed oyster shells, 12-inch wooden nails holding floorboards together and a massive center chimney reinforced with mud mortar. The Halsted family lived in the house for the next 157 years.
In 1906, Simeon Ford, co-owner of the Grand Union Hotel in Manhattan and a real estate developer, purchased the Knapp House. Julia Lauren Ford, his daughter, was an internationally known religious artist whose work is included in the collections of the Metropolitan Museum, the Art Institute of Chicago and the Corcoran Gallery in Washington. Miss Ford was responsible for all three 20th-century additions to the house, including a studio, a greenhouse and an aviary. Lauren was also helped in the founding of the Benedictine Abbey of Regina Laudis in Connecticut, which became the basis for the film Come to the Stable, written by Clare Boothe Luce.
Before moving to Connecticut in 1940, Ms. Ford rented the house to the Matthew Taylors, whose descendants purchased it in 1969 and owned the property until it was sold to the Rye Historical Society in 1992 for $320,000.
The Milton Cemetery is a one acre public burying ground originally part of the Knapp estate, located on the west side of Milton Street across from the Knapp House. The oldest tombstone is that of Nehemiah Webb who was buried in 1722. It is now owned and maintained by the City of Rye and no longer in use.
Archives and Gardens
The Timothy Knapp House contains the Rye Historical Society Archives, including about 15,000 documents, maps, pictures, books and pamphlets. The Kay Donahue Memorial Garden is a historic kitchen/herb garden with authentic plantings maintained by the Little Garden Club.
Preservation and Landmark Status
The House and Cemetery were granted National Historic Landmark status in 1982.
The Rye Historical Society purchased the Knapp House in 1992., while the Cemetery was deeded to the City of Rye. (ref name = WestHist/>
- List of the oldest buildings in New York
- National Register of Historic Places listings in southern Westchester County, New York
- Rye (city), New York
- Staff (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Historic Properties Listing - Timothy Knapp House and Milton Cemetery". Westchester County Historical Society. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
- "Knapp Archives - the Knapp House". Rye Historical Society. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
- Melvin, Tessa (16 February 1992). "Preservationists Win Oldest County House". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
- "Milton Cemetery". The Haviland Genealogical Organization. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
- "Cemeteries in Rye - Chapter XXIV". NYGenWeb. RootsWeb. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
- "The Timothy Knapp House in Rye, New York". Super Forty. 14 September 2009. Retrieved 5 December 2015.