|Born||Timur Petrovich Novikov
St. Petersburg, Russia
|Education||Art Club, House of Pioneers, Leningrad; Young Art Historians Club, Leningrad; Institut des Arts Plastiques de Paris, France|
|Known for||Painting, Graphic Art, Design, Film, Art Theory, Philosophy, Textiles|
|Awards||Nika Award (Design), 1987|
Life and work
Timur Petrovich Novikov (September 24, 1958, Leningrad – May 23, 2002, St. Petersburg) was a Russian philosopher, graphic artist, designer, painter, art theorist and curator. He is considered one of the most influential proponents of Nonconformist Art before and after the fall of the Iron Curtain in Russia.
As he grew up in the Soviet Union, Novikov experienced its cultural and political constraints. His artistic education began at the age of seven at the House of Pioneers in Leningrad, and later at the Young Art Historians Club at the Russian Museum in the same city.
In 1977 he became a member of the Letopis (Chronicles) art group; and in 1982 he founded the Novye khudozhniki (New Artists) movement. During the 1980s Novikov worked at the Russian Museum and enjoyed access to its collection and archive, as well as close working relationships with its curators. This connection lasted to when he started work as an artist. In 1990 and 1991 he studied as an intern at the Institut des Arts Plastiques (Institute of Plastic Arts) in Paris, France.
During the 1980s and 1990s Novikov was a regular participant in the Pop Mekhanika show of experimental composer Sergey Kuryokhin and worked on its stage design. Several pop groups from the show worked with him to explore a new visual and stage design. In 1983 Novikov founded and led an experimental rock-group Novye Kompozitory (New Composers) and invented new musical instruments for it. He was also involved in a number of film projects as an actor and artist, and made a name as an innovative film designer. In 1987 Novikov shared the Nika Award for his contribution to the popular Russian film Assa, directed by Sergei Solovyov.
The New Academy of Fine Arts, founded by Novikov in 1989, soon became a well-known meeting point for the Leningrad, Russian and international art scene and a symbol for the spirit of freedom and recomposition in the new Russia. The academy and artist community, named also after its address Pushkinskaya 10, was at first self-organized by artists. It later offered ateliers as well as regular courses for students, including scholarships. The academy, with Novikov as one of its most prominent teachers, was sometimes referred to as an underground art project, but also cooperated with established art institutions, among them the Russian Museum and the Hermitage Museum.
The core conception of the academy was called Neo-Academism and comprised a specific teacher-student relationship as well as a focus on the historic and aesthetic perspective of Neoclassicism.
Novikov also contributed to numerous art exhibitions outside Russia. His style of painting combined a bold avant-garde attitude with refined classically based conceptions of Neo-Academism. Furthermore, he contributed to contemporary art theory, writing books such as "The New Russian Classicism" (1998), "Horizons" (2000), and "Intercontacts" (2000), published by the Russian Museum.
A lengthy illness led to blindness in the later part of Novikov's career. He continued working as a lecturer at the New Academy and led assistants to work on graphic works. Novikov died of pneumonia on May 23, 2002, in St. Petersburg.
Posthumous exhibitions of Novikov's works were held at the Moscow Russian Museum and in Brussels in 2002, in Denmark 2004, London 2005 and 2012, and several times in St. Petersburg. In spring 2013 the Moscow Museum of Modern Art presented a large-scale solo retrospective of Novikov's work, curated by Ekaterina Andreeva, the leading academic researcher at the State Russian Museum and author of Novikov’s biography.
In 2015, the estate of Timur Novikov collaborated with Russian street wear designer Gosha Rubchinskiy. The resulting collection consisted of T-shirts, sweatshirts and caps incorporating designs from Novikov's work. The 'eternal sun' motif is the stand out design element and has previously been appropriated by Rubchinskiy, who greatly reveres his art. The pieces were very well received, selling out within minutes on the Dover Street Market e-shop.
- State Tretyakov Gallery (Moscow, Russia)
- Shchusev State Museum of Architecture (Moscow, Russia)
- Tsaritsyno State Historical, Architectural, Art and Landscape Museum (Moscow, Russia)
- State Russian Museum (St. Petersburg, Russia)
- Museum of New Academy of Fine Arts (St. Petersburg, Russia)
- Museum of History of St. Petersburg (St. Petersburg, Russia)
- Museum of Political History of Russia (St. Petersburg, Russia)
- Kaliningrad State Art Gallery (Kaliningrad, Russia)
- Orel Museum of Fine Arts (Orel, Russia)
- Ryazan State Regional Art Museum (Ryazan, Russia)
- Tver Regional Picture Gallery (Tver, Russia)
- Simferopol Art Museum (Simferopol, Crimea)
- Art Museum of Estonian (Tallin, Estonia)
- Museum of History and Contemporary Art, Turku, Finland
- Stedelijk Museum (Amsterdam, Holland)
- Centre Georges Pompidou (Paris, France)
- Tate Modern (London, England)
- Victoria and Albert Museum (London, England))
- Schwules Museum (Berlin, Germany)
- Museum of Modern Art (Vienna, Austria)
- Frederick R. Weisman Museum of Art (Los Angeles, California, USA)
- Zimmerli Art Museum, Rutgers University (New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA)
- "Wild Youth: Timur Novikov and the 1980s St. Petersburg Art Scene"
- "The Radical Artist Who Shaped Russian Youth Culture"
- "A "Non-aligned" Intelligentsia: Timur Novikov's Neo-avantgarde and the Afterlife of Leningrad's Non-conformism"
- GIF.ru: Art projects and collaborations
- artnet.com: List of works and exhibitions
- Guelman.ru: List of works in collections
- artinfo.ru: List of single and group exhibitions
- Timur Navikov biography at the Internet Movie DataBase