Timur Petrovich Novikov (September 24, 1958, Leningrad – May 23, 2002, St. Petersburg) was a Russian philosopher, graphic artist, designer, painter, art theorist and curator. He is considered one of the most influential figures in Nonconformist Art before and after the fall of the Iron Curtain in Russia.
As he grew up in the Soviet Union, Novikov experienced its cultural and political constraints. His artistic education began at the age of 7 at the House of Pioneers in Leningrad, and later at the Club of Young Fine Art Lovers at the Russian Museum in the same city.
In 1977 he became a member of the "Letopis" (Chronicles) art group; and in 1982 he founded "The New Artists" movement. During the 1980s Timur Novikov was employed at the Russian Museum and enjoyed access to its collection and archive, as well as close working relations with its curators and keepers. This connection lasted to when he started work as an artist. In 1990 and 1991 he studied as an intern at the "Institute of Plastic Arts" in Paris, France.
During the 1980s and 1990s Timur Novikov was a regular participant in the "Pop Mekhanika" show of experimental composer Sergey Kuryokhin and worked on its stage design. Several pop groups from the show worked with him to explore a new visual and stage design. In 1983 Novikov founded and led an experimental rock-group "Novye Kompozitory" (New Composers) and invented new musical instruments for it. He was also involved in a number of film projects as an actor and artist, and made a name as an innovative film designer. In 1989 Novikov shared the Nika Award for his contribution to the popular Russian film Assa.
The New Academy of Fine Arts, founded by Novikov in 1989, soon became a recognized meeting point for the Leningrad, Russian and international art scene and a symbol for the spirit of freedom and recomposition in the new Russia. The academy and artist community, named also after its address Pushkinskaya 10, was at first self-organized by artists. It later offered ateliers as well as regular courses for students, including scholarships. The academy, with Timur Novikov as one of its most prominent teachers, was sometimes referred to as an underground art project, but also cooperated with established art institutes, among them the Russian Museum and the Hermitage Museum.
The core conception of the academy was called Neo-Academism and comprised a specific teacher-student relationship as well as a certain historic and aesthetic perspective to painting and sculpture. Neoclassicism was another element that the academy referred to.
Timur Novikov also contributed to numerous Art exhibitions outside Russia. His style of painting combined a bold avant-garde attitude with refined classically-based conceptions of Neo-Academism. Furthermore, he contributed to contemporary art theory by writing books like "The New Russian Classicism" (1998), "Horizons" (2000), and "Intercontacts" (2000), published by the Russian Museum.
A lengthy illness led to blindness in the later part of Novikov's career. He continued working as a lecturer at the New Academy and led assistants to work on further graphical works. Timur Novikov died of pneumonia on May 23, 2002, in St. Petersburg.
Posthumous exhibitions of his works were held at the Moscow Russian Museum and in Brussels in 2002, in Denmark 2004, London 2005 and 2012, and several times in St. Petersburg. In spring 2013 the Moscow Museum of Modern Art presented a large-scale solo retrospective of Novikov's work.
In 2015, the estate of Timur Novikov collaborated with Russian streetwear designer Gosha Rubchinskiy. The resulting capsule collection consisting of T-shirts, sweatshirts and caps incorporated prints and embroidery of visual elements from Novikov's work. The 'eternal sun' motif is the stand out design element and has previously been appropriated by rubchinskiy, who greatly reveres his art. The pieces were very well received, selling out within minutes on the Dover Street Market e-shop.
- Timur Navikov biography at the Internet Movie DataBase
- GIF.ru: Art projects and cooperations
- artnet.com: List of works and exhibitions
- Guelman.ru: List of works in collections
- artinfo.ru: List of single and group exhibitions