Timurid family tree

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The family tree of the Timurid dynasty, the ruling family of the Timurid Empire and Mughal Empire, is listed below.


 
 
 
 
 
 
1.
Timur
(b. 1336–d. 1405)
Emir of Timurid Empire
1370–1405
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prince
Jahangir
 
Prince
Umar-Shaykh Mirza
 
 
Prince
Miran Shah
(b. 1366–d. 1408)
 
3.
Shahrukh Mirza
(b. 1377–d. 1447)
Emir of Timurid Empire
1407–1447
 
Gauhar Shad
(b. 1378–d. 1457)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
.2
Pir Muhammad Jahangir
(b. 1374–d. 1407)
Emir of Timurid Empire
1405–1407
 
Prince
Bayqara
 
 
Prince
Sultan Muhammad
 
 
Prince
Sultan Ibrahim
 
 
Prince
Baisunqur
(b. 1399–d. 1437)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1.
Khalil Sultan
(b. 1384–d. 1411)
Ruler of Samarkand
1405–1409
 
 
4.
Ulugh Beg
(b. 1393–d. 1449)
Emir of Timurid Empire
1447–1449
 
 
Prince
Sultan Muhammad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prince
Amir Mansur
 
5.
Sultān Abu Sa’id
(b. 1424–d. 1469)
Ruler of Samarkand
1451–1469
Ruler of Herat
1459–1569
 
 
2.
‘Abdullah
(b. 1410–d. 1451)
Ruler of Samarkand
1450–1451
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7.
Sultān Husayn Bayqarah
(b. 1438–d. 1506)
Ruler of Herat
1470–1506
 
 
 
 
3.
Abd al-Latif
(b. 1420–d. 1450)
Ruler of Samarkand
1449–1450
 
6.
Yadigar Muhammad
(d. 1470)
Ruler of Herat
1469–1470
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6.
Sultan Ahmad
Ruler of Samarkand
1469–1494
 
Prince
Umar Sheikh
 
 
 
 
2.
Babur Ibn-Baysunkur
(b. 1427–d. 1457)
Ruler of Herat
1451–1457
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8.
Badi' al-Zaman
(d. 1517)
Ruler of Herat
1506–1507
 
9.
Muzaffar Hussayn
Ruler of Herat
1507
 
Babur
Founder of the Mughal dynasty of India
 
1.
Sultan Muhammad
(d. 1451)
Ruler of Herat
1447–1451
 
 
Prince
Rokn al-Din
Ala'a al-DDauleh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3.
Mahmud
(d. 1457)
Ruler of Herat
1457
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4.
Ibrahim
(d. 1459)
Ruler of Herat
1457–1459

After the end of the Timurid Empire in 1507, the Mughal Empire was established in 1526 in South Asia by Babur, a descendant of Timur through his father and possibly a descendant of Genghis Khan through his mother. The dynasty he established is commonly known as the Mughal dynasty (see Mughal emperors). By the 17th century the Mughal Empire ruled most of the Indian subcontinent, but declined during the 18th century. The Timurid dynasty came to an end in 1857 after the Mughal Empire was dissolved by the British Empire, and Bahadur Shah II was exiled to Burma.