1976 (age 41–42)|
Tino Sehgal (//; German: [ˈzeːgaːl]; born 1976) is an artist of German and Indian descent, based in Berlin, who describes his work as "constructed situations". He is also thought of as a choreographer who makes dance for the museum setting.
Sehgal was born in London and raised in Düsseldorf, Paris, and a town close to Stuttgart. His father was born in British India, and was a member of the Punjabi Sehgal family, but "had to flee from what is today Pakistan when he was a child"; his mother was "a German native and homemaker." He studied political economy and dance at Humboldt University, Berlin and Folkwang University of the Arts, Essen. He danced in the company of French experimental choreographers Jérôme Bel and Xavier Le Roy. In 1999, Sehgal worked with the dance collective Les Ballets C. de la B. in Ghent, Belgium, and developed a piece entitled Twenty Minutes for the Twentieth Century, a 55-minute series of movements performed naked in twenty different dance styles, from Vaslav Nijinsky to George Balanchine to Merce Cunningham, and so forth. He lives in Berlin with his two sons.
All of Sehgal's works exist ephemerally and are documented only in the viewer's memory. The artist himself describes his works as 'constructed situations'. His materials are the human voice, language, movement, and interaction. He resists the production of physical objects. Sehgal's pieces are choreographies that are regularly staged in museums or galleries, and continuously executed by trained individuals he refers to as “interpreters” for the entire duration of a show. The artwork is the constructed situation which arises between the audience and the interpreters of the piece.
In This is So Contemporary (2005), performers danced in a happy, emphatic way around visitors entering the exhibition space, singing, "Oh, this is so contemporary, contemporary, contemporary. Oh, this is so contemporary, contemporary, contemporary." The catchy melody and exciting dances left some of the museum visitors cheerful and dancing, themselves.
Sehgal’s work Kiss (2007), exhibited at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, was his first work in an American museum. Presented in association with the MCA’s show "Collection Highlights," Kiss is a sculptural work—two dancers kiss and touch, eventually resembling embracing couples from historical works of art; the work appropriates the different amorous poses in Auguste Rodin's The Kiss (1889), Constantin Brâncuși's The Kiss (1908), Gustav Klimt's The Kiss (1907–08), Jeff Koons and La Cicciolina's Made in Heaven (1990–91) and various Gustave Courbet paintings from the 1860s one after the other.
In Sehgal's 2010 work This Progress at the Guggenheim Museum, New York, the artist empties Frank Lloyd Wright's famed spiral gallery of all art work. The museum visitor is met at the base of the spiral by a child, who asks a small group what they think progress is. As they begin their ascent up the spiral ramp the visitors continue their conversation until they are met by a high school student who picks up the conversation and asks further non-sequitur questions. Further still, they are met by a young adult and lastly an older adult who finishes their ascent to the upper-most point in the Guggenheim.
For This is Good (2001) a museum worker waves their arms and hops from one leg to the other, then states the title of the piece.
For This objective of that object (2004) the visitor becomes surrounded by five people who remain with their backs to the visitors. The five chant, "The objective of this work is to become the object of a discussion," and if the visitor does not respond they slowly sink to the ground. If the visitor says something they begin a discussion.
His most complex work, This Situation (2007), required the participation of a group of intellectuals. They occupied an otherwise empty gallery space and interacted with each other and the audience in accordance with a set of rules and games established by the artist.
For documenta XIII (2012) Sehgal orchestrated This Variation, an immersive piece that places viewers in a nearly dark gallery among some 20 performers who sing, dance, clap, hum and talk, creating "an electrifying aural-spatial experience of pure, unencumbered imagination in action".
In 2012, Sehgal was the 13th artist commissioned by the Tate Modern for its annual Unilever series. The first “live” work in the vast space, These associations consists solely of encounters between around 70 storytellers and visitors to the gallery.
Sehgal is the youngest artist to have represented Germany at the Venice Biennale (in 2005, together with Thomas Scheibitz). Sehgal had solo exhibitions at a number of important venues including the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam (2015); Museum für Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt (2007); the Institute of Contemporary Arts, London (2007, 2006, 2005); Kunsthaus Bregenz, Austria (2006), Kunstverein Hamburg (2006), Serralves Foundation, Porto (2005); Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven and Musée des Beaux-Arts, Nantes (2004).
On the sale of his work, Sehgal stipulates that there is no written set of instructions, no written receipt, no catalogue, no pictures and no perceivable meaning. The conversation that constitutes a Tino Sehgal sale consists of his talking to the buyer (usually a representative from a museum) before a notary and witnesses, generally with about five legal stipulations of the purchase: that the work be installed only by someone whom Sehgal himself has authorized via training and prior collaboration; that the people enacting the piece be paid an agreed-upon minimum; that the work be shown over a minimum period of six weeks (in order to avoid allegations of ephemerality); that the piece not be photographed; and that if the buyer resells the concept, he does so with this same oral contract. This means that his work is not documented in any way, apart from critical reviews both admiring and negative. As of 2010, the "constructed situations" sold in editions of four to six (with Sehgal retaining an additional “artist’s proof”) at prices between $85,000 and $145,000 apiece.
Sehgal received the Bâloise Prize at Art Basel, Switzerland, in 2004. In 2006, he was shortlisted for the Hugo Boss Prize, and in 2007 for the Preis der Nationalgalerie für Junge Kunst at the Hamburger Bahnhof in Berlin. He was selected as one of four finalists for the 2013 Turner Prize for his “This Variation” and “These Associations” exhibitions.
Tino Sehgal won the Golden Lion for the best artist in the International Exhibition Il Palazzo Enciclopedico (The Encyclopedic Palace) in Venice Biennale 2013 (Central Pavilion, Giardini)
- Debord, Guy (1957). Report on the Construction of Situations.
- Anne Midgette, The New York Times, Nov 25, 2007
- Judith Macrkrell, The Guardian, November 27, 2013
- Arthur Lubow (January 15, 2010), Making Art Out of an Encounter New York Times.
- Danielle Stein, "Tino Sehgal," GQ, November 2009.
- Arthur Lubow, "Making Art Out of an Encounter," The New York Times Magazine, Jan. 17, 2010, p. 28.
- Tino Sehgal, November 30, 2007 - January 10, 2008 Marian Goodman Gallery, New York.
- TINO SEHGAL, March 6 – May 4, 2008 Magasin 3, Stockholm.
- "Annual Report Fiscal Year 2008". Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago. 2008. Archived from the original on 2011-08-09. Retrieved 2011-08-08.
- Jörg Heiser Tino Sehgal Archived 2008-03-15 at the Wayback Machine. Frieze, Issue 82, April 2004.
- La Rocco, Claudia (March 2010). "Tino Sehgal". The Brooklyn Rail.
- Alicia Desantis (March 12, 2010), At the Guggenheim, the Art Walked Beside You, Asking Questions New York Times.
- Tom Morton Tino Sehgal Archived 2008-03-07 at the Wayback Machine. Frieze, Issue 106, April 2007.
- Alan Gilbert, "The Talking Lure", The Village Voice, Dec 4, 2007
- Lucy Steeds, Tino Seghal, Art Monthly, March 2005, pp28 - 29. Archived 2005-10-26 at the Wayback Machine.
- Tino Sehgal 2012, 17 July – 28 October 2012 Tate Modern, London.
- Roberta Smith (June 14, 2012), Art Show as Unruly Organism New York Times.
- Gareth Harris (July 26, 2012), Tragic event overshadows Tate Modern opening The Art Newspaper.
- Alistair Sooke (July 24, 2012), Tino Sehgal, Turbine Hall, Tate Modern, review Daily Telegraph.
- Adrian Searle (July 23, 2012), Tino Sehgal: These Associations – review The Guardian.
- Tino Sehgal WIELS, Brussels.
- Holland Cotter (January 31, 2010) In the Naked Museum: Talking, Thinking, Encountering.
- Hilarie M. Sheets (January 22, 2015), When the Art Isn’t on the Walls: Dance Finds a Home in Museums New York Times.
- guggenheim.org Archived 2008-02-25 at the Wayback Machine.
- Allan Kozinn (April 25, 2013), Four Artists Named as Finalists for Britain’s Turner Prize New York Times.
- June 1st, 2013 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-11-13. Retrieved 2014-02-01.
- 2007 "Kultureflash" interview
- 2005 Audio Arts interview
- Frieze article
- Frieze review of ICA show
- The Independent review of ICA show
- Sight and Sound profile
- Art in America review of ICA show
- Tino Sehgal at Fondazione Nicola Trussardi
- "A Progress: Or, One Foot in Front of the Other" review of Guggenheim show from n+1
- Tino Sehgal at the Aubette in Strasbourg