Type of site
|Created by||Kevin Gilbertson|
TinyURL is a URL shortening web service, which provides short aliases for redirection of long URLs. Kevin Gilbertson, a web developer, launched the service in January 2002 as a way to post links in newsgroup postings which frequently had long, cumbersome addresses. TinyURL was the first notable URL shortening service and is one of the oldest still currently operating.
The TinyURL homepage includes a form which is used to submit a long URL for shortening. For each URL entered, the server adds a new alias in its hashed database and returns a short URL. According to the website, the shortened URLs will never expire.
TinyURL offers an API which allows applications to automatically create short URLs. This is done by simply reading the result returned from
Short URL aliases are seen as useful because they are easier to write down, remember or distribute. They also fit in text boxes with a limited number of characters allowed. Some examples of limited text boxes are IRC channel topics, email signatures, microblogs (such as Twitter, which notably limits all posts to first 140 and later 280 characters), certain printed newspapers (such as .net magazine or even Nature), and email clients that impose line breaks on messages at a certain length.
Starting in 2008, TinyURL allowed users to create custom, more meaningful aliases. This means that a user can create descriptive URLs rather than a randomly generated address. For example,
https://tinyurl.com/wp-tinyurl leads to the Wikipedia article about the website.
Preview short URLs
To preview the full URL from the short TinyURL, the user can visit TinyURL first and enable previews as a default browser cookie setting or copy and paste the short URL into the browser address bar, and prepend the short
preview.tinyurl.com/x. Another preview feature is not well documented at the TinyURL site, but the alternative shortened URL with preview capability is also offered to shortcut creators as an option at the time of creation of the link.
The popularity of TinyURLs influenced the creation of at least 100 similar websites. Most are simply domain alternatives while some offer additional features.
People posting on Twitter often made extensive use of shortened URLs to keep their tweets within the service-imposed 140 character limit. Twitter used TinyURL until 2009, before switching to Bit.ly. Currently, Twitter uses its own
t.co domain for this purpose. Though Twitter has extended its limit to 280 characters, it automatically shortens links longer than 31 characters using its
The TinyURL method of allocating shorter web addresses has inspired an exploration activity known as TinyURL-whacking. Random letters and numbers can be appended after the first forward slash
tinyurl.com/, in an attempt to find and reveal interesting sites without finding and copying a previously known referrer's link.
- Katie Dean (March 16, 2004). "Honey, I Shrunk the URL". Wired. Archived from the original on December 21, 2016. Retrieved November 17, 2016.
So the 24-year-old Web developer from Blaine, Minnesota, launched TinyURL.com in January 2002, a free site that converts huge strings of characters into more manageable snippets.
- "How to Preview Shortened URLs (TinyURL, bit.ly, is.gd, and more)". 2009-04-11. Archived from the original on 2014-03-25. Retrieved 2014-05-30.
- 90+ URL Shortening Services Archived 2008-08-30 at the Wayback Machine, Mashable.Com, 8 January 2008, page 84
- Weisenthal, Joe (May 6, 2009). "Twitter Switches from TinyURL to Bit.ly". Business Insider. Archived from the original on March 8, 2013. Retrieved February 15, 2013.
- New Scientist, vol. 179, issue 2404, 19 July 2003, page 84