Tipaza

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Tipaza

Bazar / ⴱⴰⵣⴰⵔ

(Roman Tipasa)
Tipazay.JPG
Tipaza is located in Algeria
Tipaza
Tipaza
Location in Algeria
Coordinates: 36°35′31″N 2°26′58″E / 36.59194°N 2.44944°E / 36.59194; 2.44944Coordinates: 36°35′31″N 2°26′58″E / 36.59194°N 2.44944°E / 36.59194; 2.44944
CountryAlgeria
ProvinceTipaza
DistrictTipaza
Population
 (2008)
 • Total25,225
ClimateCsa
Official nameTipasa
TypeCultural
Criteriaiii, iv
Designated1982 (6th session)
Reference no.193
State Party Algeria
RegionArab States
Endangered2002–2006
Tipaza Lighthouse
Phare de Tipaza.JPG
Tipaza Lighthouse and the promontory
LocationTipaza
Algeria
Coordinates36°35′49.66″N 2°26′51.62″E / 36.5971278°N 2.4476722°E / 36.5971278; 2.4476722
Constructed1867[1]
Foundationmasonry base
Constructionmasonry tower
Tower shapequadrangular tower with balcony and lantern
Markingswhite tower, dark green lantern
Tower height13.58 metres (44.6 ft)[1]
Focal height34.08 metres (111.8 ft)[1]
Light sourcemain power
Range18 nautical miles (33 km; 21 mi)[1]
CharacteristicOc W 4s.[2]
Admiralty numberE6630
NGA number22444
ARLHS numberALG-053[3]
OperatorOffice Nationale de Signalisation Maritime

Tipaza (formerly Tefessedt, Chenoua-Berber: Bazar, ⴱⴰⵣⴰⵔ, Arabic: تيپازة‎) is the capital of the Tipaza Province, Algeria. When it was part of the Roman Empire, it was called Tipasa. The modern town was founded in 1857, and is chiefly remarkable for its ancient ruins and sandy littoral.

History[edit]

Ancient history[edit]

Tipasa, as the city was then called, was an old Punic trading-post conquered by Ancient Rome. It was subsequently turned into a military colony by the emperor Claudius for the conquest of the kingdoms of Mauretania.[4]

Afterwards it became a municipium called Colonia Aelia Tipasensis, that reached the population of 20,000 inhabitants in the fourth century according to Stéphane Gsell.

The city served as an important Christian hub during the last centuries of Roman governorship, with three basilicas.

Tipasa was destroyed by the Vandals in 430 CE, but was reconstructed by the Byzantines one century later. At the end of the seventh century the city was demolished by Umayyad forces and reduced to ruins.[5]

In the nineteenth century the place was settled again. Now it is a town of nearly 30,000 inhabitants. The city is an important tourist place in modern Algeria, mainly because of the Tipasa ruins.

Modern era[edit]

Near Tipaza, the Tipaza longwave transmitter broadcasts French language Channel 3 radio programs from the Algerian Broadcasting Company. The longwave frequency 252 kHz can be well received in many parts of Europe.

The town and its surroundings is home to the largest Berber-speaking group of western Algeria, the Chenoua people.

The Tipaza station in 252 kHz had previously been out of service since March 17, 2014, but is broadcasting again at 252 kHz.[6]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Tipaza". Office Nationale de Signalisation Maritime. Ministere des Travaux Publics. Retrieved 3 May 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 113: The West Coasts of Europe and Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and Azovskoye More (Sea of Azov) (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2015.
  3. ^ "Western Algeria". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 3 May 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ Unesco-page
  5. ^ Toutain, Jules (1891). "Fouilles de M. Gsell à Tipasa : Basilique de Sainte Salsa". Mélanges d'archéologie et d'histoire. 11 (1): 179–185. doi:10.3406/mefr.1891.6684.
  6. ^ see [1] - tuned to 252khz, as of 2015 Sept. 22

External links[edit]