Bazar / ⴱⴰⵣⴰⵔ
|Coordinates: 36°35′31″N 2°26′58″E / 36.59194°N 2.44944°ECoordinates: 36°35′31″N 2°26′58″E / 36.59194°N 2.44944°E|
|Height||13 m (43 ft)|
|Shape||quadrangular tower with balcony and lantern|
|Markings||white (tower), dark green (lantern)|
|Power source||mains electricity|
|Operator||National Maritime Signaling Office|
|Focal height||34 m (112 ft)|
|Range||18 nmi (33 km; 21 mi)|
|Characteristic||Oc W 4s|
|Designated||1982 (6th session)|
Tipaza (formerly Tefessedt, Chenoua-Berber: ⴱⴰⵣⴰⵔ Bazar, Arabic: تيپازة, romanized: Tīpāza) is the capital of the Tipaza Province, Algeria. When it was part of the Roman Empire, it was called Tipasa. The modern town was founded in 1857, and is chiefly remarkable for its ancient ruins and sandy littoral.
Tipasa, as the city was then called, was an old Punic trading-post conquered by Ancient Rome. It was subsequently turned into a military colony by the emperor Claudius for the conquest of the kingdoms of Mauretania.
Afterwards it became a municipium called Colonia Aelia Tipasensis, that reached the population of 20,000 inhabitants in the fourth century according to Stéphane Gsell.
The city served as an important Christian hub during the last centuries of Roman governorship, with three basilicas.
Tipasa was destroyed by the Vandals in 430 CE, but was reconstructed by the Byzantines one century later. At the end of the seventh century the city was demolished by Umayyad forces and reduced to ruins.
In the nineteenth century the place was settled again. Now it is a town of nearly 30,000 inhabitants. The city is an important tourist place in modern Algeria, mainly because of the Tipasa ruins.
Near Tipaza, the Tipaza longwave transmitter broadcasts French language Channel 3 radio programs from the Algerian Broadcasting Company. The longwave frequency 252 kHz can be well received in many parts of Europe.
The town and its surroundings is home to the largest Berber-speaking group of western Algeria, the Chenoua people.
The Tipaza station in 252 kHz had previously been out of service since March 17, 2014, but is broadcasting again at 252 kHz.
- ^ "Tipaza". Office Nationale de Signalisation Maritime. Ministere des Travaux Publics. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
- ^ List of Lights, Pub. 113: The West Coasts of Europe and Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and Azovskoye More (Sea of Azov) (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2015.
- ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Western Algeria". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
- ^ Unesco-page
- ^ Toutain, Jules (1891). "Fouilles de M. Gsell à Tipasa : Basilique de Sainte Salsa". Mélanges d'archéologie et d'histoire. 11 (1): 179–185. doi:10.3406/mefr.1891.6684.
- ^ see  - tuned to 252khz, as of 2015 Sept. 22
- Pages using infobox lighthouse with custom Wikidata item
- Populated places established in 1857
- Communes of Tipaza Province
- Archaeological sites in Algeria
- World Heritage Sites in Algeria
- Former populated places in Algeria
- Province seats of Algeria
- Catholic titular sees in Africa
- Berber populated places
- 1857 establishments in the French colonial empire
- Lighthouses in Algeria
- Phoenician colonies in Algeria