Name-Rohit Kumar Village-Bagehra Bulha Phone number:-8894041927 P/o-Bir-Bagehra
|Tira Sujanpur Country
The Fort of Tira Sujanpur
|Elevation||562 m (1,844 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
- 1 Climate and geographical location
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Area profile of Tira Sujanpur Town
- 4 Overview
- 5 History of Kangra and Sujanpurtira
- 6 Golden Era of Maharaja Sansar Chand Katoch – the most revered King
- 7 Organized settlement and occupations of the people
- 8 Temples of Sujanpur Tira
- 9 Monumental ruins still stand in Tira
- 10 Devastation by 1905 earthquake
- 11 Festivals
- 12 References
Climate and geographical location
Climate here varies all through from very hot summer to cold winter. Being on the bank of river Beas, the winter is quite severe. The temperature vary from 38Deg C in summers to almost zero Deg C in winters. Winters experience low-lying clouds which add to the cold weather and one can enjoy walking amidst the clouds.
Sujanpur Tira is well-connected to all the major towns of Himachal Pradesh and of the country in all the directions through road network. It is at stones’ throw to Hamirpur (25 km), Palampur (35 km) and about 120 km from Dharamshala. Today over 200 buses cross this town to connect various other cities, villages and towns besides regular taxis. The nearest railway station is Maranda (near Palampur) where narrow gauge runs up to Pathankot on one side and Jogindernagar to the other. On one side it is connected to Una-Nangal by road, the other side it is connected towards Kangra, Pathankot; To Mandi-Manali and Ladakh and one side to Shimla. Its geographical locations connect this town with almost every direction through web of tarred road network.
About three decades ago, Sanik School was opened in Sujanpur Tira which is located in the green ground in the middle of the town. This has increased the importance of the town.
As of 2011[update] India census, The Tira Sujanpur Nagar Panchayat has population of 7,943 of which 4,262 are males while 3,681 are females as per report released by Census India 2011. Literacy rate of Tira Sujanpur city is 91.73% higher than state average of 82.80%. In Tira Sujanpur, Male literacy is around 95.12% while female literacy rate is 87.79%. Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 781 which is 9.83% of total population of Tira Sujanpur (NP). Sujanpur is the only city in Hamirpur where tourists can visit. The police station of Sujanpur is one of the oldest police stations of himachal pradesh. the ground of Sujanpur is the biggest ground of Himachal Pradesh. National level holi fair of sujanpur city is famous in all over country.
Area profile of Tira Sujanpur Town
Number of Households - 1,422
Average Household Size (per Household) - 5.0
Population-Total - 7,077
Population-Urban - 7,077
Proportion of Urban Population (%) - 100
Population-Rural - 0
Sex Ratio - 824
Population (0-6 Years) - 766
Sex Ratio (0-6 Years) - 824
SC Population - 1,548
Sex Ratio (SC) - 942
Proportion of SC (%) - 22.0
ST Population - 8
Sex Ratio (ST) - 0
Proportion of ST (%) - 0
Literates - 5,639
Illiterates - 1,438
Literacy Rate (%) - 89.0
Tira Sujanpur is also called Sujanpur Tira or Sujanpur Tihra located on the bank of River Beas. It is a beautiful town inhabited by Maharaja Sansar Chand Katoch who was the King of Kangra and later shifted from Kangra to Sujanpur Tira after the war with Muslim kings who wanted to capture Kangra fort. Maharaja Sansar Chand constructed his palaces, temples and courts (called Baradari) on the peak of hillock called Tira overlooking Sujanpur's famous Chaugan, hence the name of the town is Sujanpur Tira. In the middle of this beautiful town there is one square kilometer green ground popularly called in Pahari language 'Chaugan' (which remains green throughout the year). Now part of the ground is occupied by the Sanik School. The ground is a meeting place for most of the town people, ladies, men, children for evening walk and for playing all types of games. Most famous Holi fair also takes place on this ground which lasts almost 2–3 weeks during the month of March.
Based on the caste system each side of 'Chaugan' is occupied by Brahmins, merchants (Vaishyas), Kashtriyas and Shudras. The concept is now waning off. The town has two famous temples constructed by the king which are Bansiwala ( For Lord Krishna) on one side of the ground, and Narvdeshwar on the other side towards the river Beas. One of the famous temple at Tira was destroyed during the 1905 Kangra earthquake, as also the most of the palace buildings. Archaeological Department has tried to restore some of the monuments but not to an extent desired. It is more like whitewashing done by Archaeological Department. Many of the invaluable Kangra paintings were collected by erstwhile commissioner E.N.Mangatrai and some were returned to the museum in Chandigarh.
People of Sujanpur Tira (earlier probably called Sajjanpur due to people being nice, honest and religious-minded) are very hospitable and helpful. Though the town is nowadays thriving with activities and population in around is over 10,000. The people are highly educated and most of them know how to read and write. This town has produced many scientists, administrators, professors, doctors. Once upon a time it was the most educated town in Kangra and Himachal at large. The ruins still remind us the old paintings which exists on the temples and palaces though the passage of time and atmospheric attacks have sullened them a lot. Whatever were left were destroyed by locals by whitewashing due to their innocence.
While Sujanpurtira produced many professionals and writers, a few of them really earned name. Dr. Ishwar Das was the first IAS of 1953 batch who retired as Chief Secretary of Madhaya Pradesh; Dr Sant K. Bhatnagar a Kharagpur IITian achieved eminence in the field of Rubber Technology internationally and authored many scientific papers and religion books; Professor Uttam Chand Mahajan who achieved eminence in Astrology and wrote four books after retiring from active service as Principal, Government College, Hamirpur. Professor U.C. Mahajan's latest book covering critical commentary of Mirza Ghalib covering almost 900 pages was published just before his demise in April,2014.Sh S R Bhardwaj of Brahampuri Mohallah went on to become an IAS officer and retired as Labour Commissioner Himachal Pradesh in 1987. Another eminent son of the soil was Shri. Ram Rattan Dewan who completed Bsc. Agriculture from Agriculture college Layalpur, now in Pakistan. After completing his studies he joined the government job as an agriculture specialist and through dint of his hard work he reached the post of Deputy Director of Agriculture ( Himachal Pradesh) and retired as such. Another star who achieved eminence in short time is Tarun Bhatnagar, who completed his B.E Computer Engineering from top school of USA viz; University of Michigan and MBA from Booth school of Management, University of Chicago. Tarun Bhatnagar works as Director in Google in Headquarter located in San Francisco, USA.
History of Kangra and Sujanpurtira
Sujanpur bears its name from Sajjanpur, which means the town of honest and gentle people. Sujanpur Tira was later added as Maharaja Sansar Chand Katoch moved his capital from Kangra to this place and added more palaces, temples, courts and fort at the top of the hill ‘Tira’. Katoch have been kings for time immemorial and their dynasty can be traced back to 4300BC when Rajanaka Bhumi Chand founded the Katoch Dynasty. They claimed to have fought against Lord Rama in 3000BC and Raja Susrma Chandra fought against Pandavas during the Mahabharta War in 1500BC. He also built the Kangra Fort. In 900 BC Katoch fought Persian and Assyrian in Punjab and Rajanaka Permanand Chandra (also known as Porus) fought against Alexandra the Great in 500BC. In 275 BC Katoch kings also fought Ashoka the Great and lost their land in Multan. In 100 BC Raja of Kangra fought against Raja of Kannauj, 470 BC against Raja of Kashmir. In 853 AD Rajanaka Prithvi Chandra’s empire expanded. In 1009 AD Mahmud Ghazni attacked Kangra and captured large booty. Inn 1170 Kangra saw the division into Kangra and Jaswan. They lost the war with Muhammad of Ghor in 1220 AD. In 1526 to 1556 AD, Katoch fought against Akbar the Great along with the forces of Sikandar Shah Suri, but lost and yielded to alliance to Akbar in return to the title of Maharaja. Mughals attacked fort of Kangra 52 times but failed to defeat it. In 1620 AD Kangra was occupied by Mughuls. In 1700AD Maharaja Bhim Chadra joined with Guru Gobind Singh in fight against Aurangzeb and was given the title of Dharma Rakshak by Guru Gobind Singh. In 1750 Maharaj Ghammand Chandra took reins. From 1775 AD to 1820 AD, saw the golden era of Kangra under the kingdom of Maharaja Sansar Chand Katoch. Kangra flourished in education, business and paintings etc. Famous Kangra paintings dates back to the era only. From 1820 decline of Kangra kingdom started and Kangra was occupied by Sikh after the war with Gorkhas of Nepal. Katoch fought against British and lost. Raja Parmod Chand was imprisoned and died in captivity in Almoda in 1924AD. In 1924 Maharaja Jai Chandra of Kangra- Lambagraon was granted the title of Maharaja by British regime. 1947AD Maharaja Dhruv Dev Chandra, the last ruler of Kangra-Lambagraon merges his state with Independent India and in 1972 princely order was abolished in India and all kings became ordinary citizens of India akin to others. Kangra was merged with newly founded state of Himachal Pradesh. Later Kangra was split into three districts thereby separating Sujanpurtira from Kangra . Sujanpurtira became part of Hamirpur District. This was in short the historical background of Kangra and its kings.
Golden Era of Maharaja Sansar Chand Katoch – the most revered King
When Kangra was taken over by Muslim invaders, Maharaja Sansar Chand Katoch moved his capital to Sujanpurtira on the left bank of river Beas. Overlooking the town of Sujanpurtira, Abhay Chand Katoch- the ruler, built a fortified palace at the top of the hill called Tira in 1748 AD. Hence the town thereafter acquired the name 'Tira' attached to its original name of Sujanpur. This king was very well respected as during his regime Sujanpurtira flourished enormously in business, education, arts and culture, sports and in all spheres of life. He also created a one square kilometer green ground in the midst of the town (called Chaugan) which was used to train soldiers for war. The ground still exists and remains green all through the year. This ground adds immense beauty to this small town. The ground is great place for people of all caste and creed to meet in the evening, to have evening stroll and as also great place for young and old to play various games. In fact it has been the most loved place for Himachal intercollegiate or school meets. Part of the ground is now occupied by Sanik School.
The Fort of Tira Sujanpur still belongs to the decedents of [Maharaja Sansar Chand].
Adjoining the Kangra Fort is the Maharaja Sansar Chandra Museum run by the Royal Family of Kangra. The Museum also provides audio guides for the fort and the museum and has a cafeteria.
Organized settlement and occupations of the people
The major preoccupation is business, agriculture and services. Many of the young people prefer to serve the army. It may be pointed out that a small village near Sujanpurtira called Khaira has produced 6 army General in Katoch and Pathania families.
Four sides of the ground are so well-planned that on the river side merchant community was inhabited, on the left side all Brahmins were inhabited ; on the right side all service community was inhabited and on the side of the hill all Kashtrya’s were inhabited. At present the total population is close to 10,000 and over 93% of the populace is literate. With the new governmental regulation of compulsory primary education the literacy is likely to achieve 100% mark. The population of men to women is almost 50:50 levels. Only 10% of the population is below 6 years old. This town has produced highly educated people occupying positions at national and international level as scientists, technologists, professors, educationists, politicians, doctors, engineers and administrators. Many of these have received national and international recognition for their services and excellence in professional life. At one time it was the most well-educated town in the old Kangra district which stretched from Nurpur till Manali and till Batsar and beyond. Due to the development needs Knagra was divided into many districts.
Temples of Sujanpur Tira
Maharaja Sansar Chand Katoch built large palaces and temples. Some of the temples are a piece of great architecture and Kangra paintings. Murlimanohar ( now known as Bansiwala) temple stands on the left side of the ground (Chowgan); Narvadeshwar temple dedicated to Shiva- Parvti Is full of great paintings inside the walls overlooking the bank of river Beas. It is surrounded by 8 ft high wall with passage all around. Another temple is Thakardwara not to speak of smaller temples. The temples were built 1790 AD and 1823 AD by Maharani Pransani Devi-Suketi Rani of Maharaja Sansar Chand Katoch. Maharaja Sansar Chand also built Chamunda Devi temple within the premises of the palace which still exists.The people of Sujanpurtira are very religious-minded and are the staunch believer of Indian Gods.
Monumental ruins still stand in Tira
Palaces, courts and temples built by Maharaja Sansar Chand Katoch still exist in Tira though have been destroyed by the passage of time and earthquakes etc. One can see many of the ruins there and can conceptualize how beautiful they must have been. Baradari ( the daily court) still stands and can be seen from the 'Chuagan' ground. He also built a huge water reservoir to take care of the needs of daily water for the entire Tira. A lot of work was done by M. S. Randhawa who fell in love with Sujanpurtira and tried to restore parts of the heritage. He also started collecting the invaluable Kangra paintings. Many of them are available in Chandigrah Museum and with last living king of Lambagraon. Some of the photographs will be appropriate to add here. Maharaja Sansar Chand died in 1824 in Alampur just across Sujanpurtira on the opposite side of Beas River.
Devastation by 1905 earthquake
Kangra district did go through ups and downs. Great earthquake of 1905 almost destroyed the entire valley of its architecture, palaces, temples etc. 90% of the houses were destroyed.
It is said that one of faithful courtier Dogra requested some funds from maharaja Sansar Chand Katoch to solemnize the marriage of his daughter, which the King declined. Dogra then committed suicide giving a curse to the King that he would not be able to rule on the left bank of river Beas. Thereafter the King went through much turmoil and had to move his kingdom to Nadaun – 15 km from Sujanpurtira. Nadaun was also on the left bank of river Beas, ghost of Cchurimar Dogra ( sword-killed Dora) haunted him there and he had to move his entire kingdom to Lambagaon located 8 km from Sujanpurtira on the right bank of river Beas. The last king and queen of Lambagraon still live in Delhi and also own a Banglow in Dharamshala. A small temple of Cchurimar Dogra was erected at Tira near the Palaces and still exists.
The lavish decoration of Baradari and palaces were surrounded by green gardens. At the entry of Baradari there was Ashtdhtu statue of Lord Shiva placed with colorful décor. The famous Holi festival was celebrated with lot of pomp and show which has become a tradition now and every year for 3–4 weeks during the month of March Holi fair takes place in this ground. Some of the photos will elaborate it. Other festivals like Diwali, Lohri, Shivratri, Janamashtami Baisakhi, Basant Panchami and many others are also celebrated with great zeal and zest by the people. They all live as one community and help each other. Community feeling is very well imbibed in the mind of people as also the feeling of being Sujanpurian. In fact there is a Sujanpuri Association which meet regularly and arrange a luncheon every year in Delhi. Some of the photos of Holi fair (mela) are given below:
This town of Sujanpurtira has plenty to offer to the tourists, only they need to go and explore this beautiful town on foot. One can trek toward Tira, or walk miles along each side to explore the rich heritage which still bear marks of the old kingdom.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tira Sujanpur.|
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Tira Sujanpur
- "Tira Sujanpur Population Census 2011". Census Commission of India.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.