Tirari–Sturt stony desert

Coordinates: 26°55′32.32″S 134°51′28.53″E / 26.9256444°S 134.8579250°E / -26.9256444; 134.8579250
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Tirari-Sturt stony desert)

Tirari-Sturt stony desert
Ecoregion territory (in purple)
Biomedeserts and xeric shrublands
Area376,850 km2 (145,500 sq mi)
Conservation statusVulnerable
The IBRA regions, with the Broken Hill Complex in red
The IBRA regions, with the Flinders Lofty Block in red
The IBRA regions, with Gawler in red
The IBRA regions, with the Stony Plains in red

The Tirari–Sturt stony desert is a deserts and xeric shrublands ecoregion in central Australia.[2][3][1][4]

Location and description[edit]

The Tirari–Sturt stony desert ecoregion contains the gibber plains (desert pavement) and red sands of the large Sturt Stony Desert, the Tirari Desert to its southwest and the Flinders and Gawler Ranges to the south. The Tirari has more sand dunes than the Sturt Stony Desert and has also been the site of some important fossil findings. Towns of the ecoregion include the opal mining centre of Coober Pedy, famous for its underground dwellings. The climate is very hot with summer temperatures reaching 50 °C.

The region consists of the Stony Plains, Gawler, Flinders Lofty Block and the Broken Hill Complex bioregions of the Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for Australia (IBRA).[5][6]

Flora and fauna[edit]

As well as stony plain and sands there are areas of chenopod, mallee and mulga wooded scrubland. The region is home to a variety of wildlife that has adapted to the hot dry conditions including the wedge-tailed eagles, yellow-footed rock wallaby and western grey kangaroos of the Flinders Ranges.

The desert proper is uninhabitable and the environment there remains undamaged, while the greener fringe are used for sheep grazing.

Protected areas[edit]

10.34% of the ecoregion is in protected areas. Protected areas include:[1]


  1. ^ a b c "Tirari–Sturt stony desert". Digital Observatory for Protected Areas. Retrieved 13 May 2022.
  2. ^ "Tirari-Sturt stony desert". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund.
  3. ^ "Map of Ecoregions 2017". Resolve. Retrieved 20 August 2021.
  4. ^ "Tirari–Sturt stony desert". The Encyclopedia of Earth. Retrieved 20 August 2021.
  5. ^ Environment Australia. "Revision of the Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for Australia (IBRA) and Development of Version 5.1 – Summary Report". Department of the Environment and Water Resources, Australian Government. Archived from the original on 5 September 2006. Retrieved 31 January 2007.
  6. ^ IBRA Version 6.1 data

26°55′32.32″S 134°51′28.53″E / 26.9256444°S 134.8579250°E / -26.9256444; 134.8579250