Tirimüjgan Kadın

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Tirimüjgan Kadın
Consort of the Ottoman Sultan
Tenure 2 July 1839 – 3 October 1852
Born (1819-08-16)16 August 1819 [1]
Circassia[2] (modern-day Russia)
Died 3 October 1852(1852-10-03) (aged 33)
Feriye Palace, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Burial Cedid Havatin Türbe, New Mosque, Istanbul
Spouse Abdülmecid I
Issue Naime Sultan
Abdul Hamid II
Şehzade Mehmed Abid
House House of Osman (by marriage)
Father Bekhan Bey
Mother Almaş Hanım
Religion Sunni Islam

Tirimüjgan Kadın[3] (16 August 1819 – 3 October 1852; Ottoman Turkish: تیرمژکان قادین‎) was the consort of Sultan Abdülmecid I of the Ottoman Empire.[4] and the mother of Sultan Abdul Hamid II.[5]

Early life[edit]

According to some sources, Tirimüjgan Kadınefendi was Armenian.[6] According to others Tirimüjgan Kadınefendi was born in historical Circassia in Eastern Europe (present-day western Russia), and belonged to the Shapsug tribe of the Circassians.[2] Her father was Bekhan Bey and her mother was Almaş Hanım.[2]

She was given the name "Tirimüjgan" in the Ottoman Empire. She was among the longest serving kalfas at the palace for her refinement, her politeness, and her beauty. In her memoirs, Ayşe Sultan, the daughter of Sultan Abdul Hamid II, depicts Tirimüjgan Kadınefendi as having "green eyes and long, dark blond hair, pale skin of translucent white colour, thin waist, slender body structure, and very good-looking hands and feet."[2] Ayşe Sultan adds that "Old Circassian women at the palace used to tell that she [Tirimüjgan] was from the Shapsug tribe, and I also remember my father [Abdul Hamid II] referring to every Shapsug Adyghe [Circassian] girl as "Our Valide's (mother) kind".[2] Despite her well-documented origins, Abdülhamid II's personal enemies falsely claimed that she was the daughter of an Armenian musician, originally named Çandır.


Tirimüjgan married Abdülmecid in 1839 at the Topkapı Palace in Istanbul. She gave birth to two princes and one princess. Her first child was Princess Naime Sultan, who died of smallpox at the age of two and a half in March 1843. Sultan Abdul Hamid II was her second child, while her third child was Şehzade Mehmed Abid Efendi, who died in May 1848 around the age of one month.[7]

Whenever Sultan Abdülhamid II would speak of his mother, he would say: "My poor mother left this world at such a young age, but I can still picture her. I can never forget her. She loved me very much. When she became ill, she used to have me sit opposite her and content herself with gazing into my face, for she could not bring herself to kiss me. May God bless her soul."[citation needed]


Tirimüjgan Kadınefendi died of tuberculosis on 3 October 1852 at the Feriye Palace in Istanbul. She died nearly 23 years before Sultan Abdul Hamid II's accession to the Ottoman throne on 31 August 1876. In place of his biological mother Tirimüjgan Kadınefendi, the title of Valide Sultan was acquired by Perestu Kadın who was the adoptive mother of Abdul Hamid II. Her tomb is located inside the royal mausoleum of imperial ladies at the Yeni Mosque in Istanbul. In 1887, her son Abdul Hamid II built a mosque in her memory.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Web.archive.ogr
  2. ^ a b c d e Açba, Harun (2007). "Bölüm 2: Sultan I. Abdülhamid Han Ailesi". Kadınefendiler: Son Dönem Osmanlı Padişah Eşleri (in Turkish) (1 ed.). Istanbul: Prolil Yayıncılık. p. 32. 
  3. ^ Freely, John – Inside the Seraglio, Chapter 15: On the Shores of the Bosphorus, published 1999, Istanbul)
  4. ^ "Ottoman Research Foundation (in Turkish); announces the results of their recent investigations and proclaims her name as "Tîr-î-Müjgan Kadın Efendi"". Ottoman Sultans Web Page. Retrieved 17 December 2010. 
  5. ^ "Sultan Abdülhamid II Khan". Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 17 December 2010. 
  6. ^ John Freely (1 July 2001). Inside the Seraglio: private lives of the sultans in Istanbul. Penguin. 
  7. ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, p. 505, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2